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1.
Borderline Personal Disord Emot Dysregul ; 9(1): 27, 2022 Nov 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098463

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Judging positive emotional states or the trustworthiness of others is important for forming and maintaining social affiliations. Past studies have described alterations in these appraisal processes in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), which might have been exacerbated during the Covid-19 pandemic by the requirement to wear face masks. In the present study, we investigated in an online-survey a) whether social judgments are particularly strongly affected in individuals with BPD when they have to judge happiness and trustworthiness in facial stimuli covered by a mask, b) whether appraising a positive emotional state affects trustworthiness appraisals differentially in BPD and healthy individuals and c) whether social judgments are related to how individuals with BPD experience wearing masks during the pandemic. METHODS: Participants (67 HC, 75 BPD) judged happiness and trustworthiness of faces with calm expression with and without masks. Additionally, data on participants' confidence in their judgments, the experience of the burden induced by wearing masks, the protective benefits of masks, and compliance to wearing masks were collected. RESULTS: Happiness and trustworthiness were evaluated less confidently and less intense in the BPD group compared to HC. Masks reduced happiness and trustworthiness ratings in both groups. Lower happiness appraisals contributed to lower trustworthiness appraisals except for those with BPD and low levels of symptom severity. Lower trustworthiness ratings were associated with a higher burden, attributing a lower benefit to masks and lower compliance with wearing masks in BPD. CONCLUSIONS: Masks do not exacerbate deficits in social judgments. However, lower trustworthiness appraisals in general were linked with more negative evaluations of wearing masks in the BPD group. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The aims and hypotheses were preregistered together with the design and planned analyses ( https://aspredicted.org/f5du7.pdf ). For findings of an additionally preregistered research question on the impact of adverse childhood experiences see supplementary material.

2.
Work ; 73(2): 393-404, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080079

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Implications of entrepreneurial education (EE), entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) and personality traits (PT) on the entrepreneurial intentions of the deaf is yet unknown in existing literature. OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of EE, ESE and PT on the entrepreneurial intentions among some 250 Deaf and Hard of hearing (DHH) students from two post-secondary institutions in Oyo state, Nigeria. METHODS: A descriptive research design was adopted, while a structured paper questionnaire was used for data collection. The data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics and the inferential statistics of Pearson Product Moment Correlation and hierarchical multiple regression at a 0.05 level of significance. RESULTS: The entrepreneurial intentions of DHH college students had a significant positive correlation with EE (r = 0.18, p < 0.05), agreeableness (r = 0.23, p < 0.05), and conscientiousness (r = 0.19, p < 0.05); but had a negative correlation with ESE, neuroticism and openness. Furthermore, personality traits and ESE were the highest predictors of entrepreneurial intention among DHH college students. CONCLUSIONS: Personality traits were the greatest predictor of the entrepreneurial intention of DHH college students post the COVID-19 lockdowns in Nigeria. Therefore, higher education institutions should intensify their efforts in entrepreneurial education and parents of DHH students should encourage them to seek entrepreneurial opportunities.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Intention , Humans , Self Efficacy , Communicable Disease Control , Students , Hearing
3.
Scand J Psychol ; 2022 Oct 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2078659

ABSTRACT

Personality traits play a role in prosocial behavior in relation to containment measures intended to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic. Empirical findings indicated that individuals high in socially aversive traits such as callousness are less compliant with containment measures. This study aimed to add cross-cultural data on the relationship between antisocial traits and adherence to COVID-19 containment measures. The sample consisted of 4,538 adults recruited by convenience in nine countries (Australia, Brazil, England, Iraq, Iran, Italy, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and the United States). Statistical analyses indicated two latent profiles from our sample, empathic and antisocial, and six COVID-19 containment-measure-related factors using measures covering antisocial traits (PID-5), empathy (ACME), global personality pathology (LPFS-BF), and COVID-19 behaviors and beliefs. Through MANCOVA, the antisocial profile consistently showed less compliance and concern about the COVID-19 containment measures, even when controlling for demographics and local pandemic covariables. The network analysis indicated a lack of empathy and callousness as crucial traits of the predisposition to non-compliant behavior. In elaborating on prosocial campaigns in community emergencies, our cross-cultural findings would need to consider personality traits that focus on antisociality, anticipating similar associations and potential impacts in future disease outbreaks.

4.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2073741

ABSTRACT

Threats to survival from predators and hostile conspecifics have led all species to possess cognitive architecture for predator management. Some animals display a curiosity for predators, engaging in behaviors such as predator inspection. The costs associated with learning about predators and other threats are high in most of the animal kingdom. In humans, the ability to imaginatively simulate threatening situations has drastically reduced the cost of learning about threats. This cost reduction has resulted in an explosion of what I call morbid curiosity, or the motivation to learn about potential threats. Humans often engage in morbid curiosity for entertainment, deriving pleasure from safe exposure to hypothetical threats. Historically, scholars have referred to the popularity of frightening entertainment as the paradox of horror. In this dissertation, I provide a theoretical and empirical foundation for the psychological study of morbid curiosity. I argue that morbid curiosity derives from an evolved cognitive architecture for predator management, is powered by curiosity, and, in humans, is amplified by the capacity for imagination. After presenting a theoretical framework for morbid curiosity, I present a set of studies in which I develop and validate the Morbid Curiosity Scale, a measure of individual differences in morbid curiosity. I then present two studies looking at how individual differences in morbid curiosity predict information gathering and psychological resilience during a novel threat - the COVID-19 global pandemic. I conclude by discussing the implications of the present research, offering suggestions for future research, and proposing that a clear understanding of morbid curiosity can dissolve the paradox of horror. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

5.
Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology ; 4(3):231-241, 2022.
Article in Turkish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072489

ABSTRACT

Covid-19 has emerged as a pandemic that has affected all humanity since the end of 2019 and has affected the mental health of individuals, causing anxiety, fear, uncertainty, and hopelessness. This study aimed to examine the relationship between anxiety caused by Covid-19 and positive and negative emotions. 3121 people with an average age of 31.3 (SD=10.20) were included in this cross-sectional study conducted online. Data were collected via Sociodemographic Information Form, Epidemic Anxiety Scale (EAS), and Positive and Negative Emotion Scale (PNES). In this study, a significant negative correlation was found between epidemic anxiety and positive emotions (r=-0.057;p<.001);A positive and significant relationship was found between epidemic anxiety and negative emotions (r=0.571;p<.001). A significant positive correlation was found between economic anxiety and negative emotions (r=-0.335;p<.001). A significant negative correlation was found between quarantine anxiety and positive emotions (r=-0.044;p<.05). A significant positive correlation was found between quarantine anxiety and negative emotions (r=0.534;p<.001). A significant positive correlation was found between social life anxiety and negative emotions (r=0.489;p<.001). The results of this research point out the relationship between positive and negative emotions and epidemic anxiety, economic anxiety, quarantine anxiety, and social life anxiety. This relationship can be in the form of anxieties affecting emotions, or it can be in the form of emotions affecting the level of anxiety. For this reason, while taking measures to calm anxiety in epidemic disease processes such as Covid-19, positive and negative emotions should be examined, and reparative measures should be taken.

6.
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences ; 12(3):134-140, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072088

ABSTRACT

Objective: Mental-health problems among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) inpatients is an underinvestigated issue. The study reported herein was conducted to assess obsessive-compulsive, borderline, schizoid and narcissistic personality disorder beliefs and the influence of these dysfunctional beliefs on the anxiety and depression levels of COVID-19 inpatients.Methods: A total of 75 COVID-19 inpatients were recruited for the study. Their anxiety and depression levels were evaluated using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the aforementioned personality disorder beliefs were evaluated using Personality Belief Questionnaire -Short Form.Results: According to the cut-off values, 9.3% (n = 7) of the inpatients were considered having anxiety and 34.7% (n = 26) were considered having depression. The mean scores for obsessive-compulsive, schizoid, borderline and narcissistic personality disorder beliefs were 15.1 +/- 6.2, 12.9 +/- 6.0, 10.0 +/- 5.5 and 9.4 +/- 5.6, respectively. The anxiety levels of the female inpatients were significantly higher than those of the male inpatients (z = 2.152;p = 0.031). The inpatients' borderline personality disorder belief scores were significantly correlated with their anxiety levels (r = 0.390;p = 0.001).Conclusion: The study participants' obsessive-compulsive personality disorder beliefs were higher than their other aforementioned personality disorder beliefs. Female gender and borderline personality disorder beliefs were found to be related with anxiety level. The influence of these factors should be considered in the evaluation of COVID-19 inpatients in daily clinical practice.

7.
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences ; 12(3):141-149, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072087

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to examine the relationship between illness perception, avoidance behavior, perception of obsession and personality traits in healthcare workers after the COVID-19 outbreak.Methods: An online survey was conducted with 652 healthcare professionals in May 2020 to assess their perceptions of obsession and related factors. Sociodemographic data form, COVID-19 Disease Perception Scale, COVID-19 Avoidance Attitudes Scale, Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Questionnaire and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire were used in the study.Results: Significant predictors of COVID-19-related contagiousness perception were young age (beta=-0.235, p<0.001), low psychoticism (beta=-0.091, p=0.018), and high cleansing obsessions (beta=0.127, p=0.004). It has been found that individuals with high extroverted personality traits (beta=0.123, p=0.002) and more intense ruminative thoughts (beta=0.117, p=0.003) have more cognitive avoidance from COVID-19, and those in the young age group (beta=-0.184, p<0.001) with high education level (beta=0.128, p=0.001) and intensive cleaning obsessions (beta=0.090, p=0.030) have a behavioral avoidance attitude from COVID-19.Conclusion: In the course of the COVID 19 pandemic, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms may be a response to protecting yourself and others from the virus. Our data support the suggestion that public health advice during pandemics should include mental health campaigns aimed at reducing the psychological effects of pandemics.

8.
Social Psychological and Personality Science ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070692

ABSTRACT

Young adulthood is a critical developmental life stage and a period of enhanced vulnerability to stress. In 2020, young adults in Northern California were faced with a series of unforeseen, collective stressors: the COVID-19 pandemic, extreme wildfires, social tension associated with the murder of George Floyd, and a contentious election that culminated in an attack on the nation's capital. In a natural experiment, we compared the psychosocial development of 415 young adults across 8 monthly assessment waves during 2020 to a control cohort (n = 465) who completed the same assessment protocol in 2019, prior to the onset of stressors. Results of latent growth curve models indicated that the 2020 cohort had less adaptive trajectories of affective well-being and lower levels and less adaptive trajectories of social functioning, suggesting detrimental effects of cumulative, collective stressors on the socio-emotional development of young adults.

9.
The Journal of Forensic Practice ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070232

ABSTRACT

Purpose The purpose of this study is to qualitatively explore the views and opinions of service users accessing remote therapy through a community forensic personality disorder service during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach A qualitative exploratory approach was adopted. Nine community forensic service users accessing virtual/telephone therapy through a community forensic mental health service were interviewed using semi-structed interviews. Data was analysed using Braun and Clarke (2006) thematic analysis techniques. Findings Analysis resulted in three overall themes: experience of communication in the therapeutic relationship;impacts of the change to remote working and making the best of what we have. A further seven subthemes were developed. A range of advantages and disadvantages to remote therapy were highlighted. Research limitations/implications This study was based on a small sample of service users accessing one community forensic service in England, and therefore caution should be taken when generalising the findings. All interviews were conducted remotely and thus may have only supported those who are able to engage in this way. Practical implications This paper has the potential to inform future remote therapy guidelines. Health services should consider keeping some elements of remote working and offering this as a choice to all service users. Originality/value This study is, to the best of the authors' knowledge, the first study that attempts to explore the experiences of individuals accessing remote therapy within a forensic population who have personality disorders or traits.

10.
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education ; : 1-11, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070003

ABSTRACT

Minimizing the gap between students' expectations and company value propositions is essential to improve the professional development of students, reduce turnover and foster organizational commitment, and so, career advisors have become key players to connect students with potential employers. This is especially relevant in this COVID-19 time when millions of jobs have been destroyed and there is a high level of uncertainty regarding what will happen in the future. Thus, the aim of this research is to investigate the relationship between students' personality traits and their most valued aspects when looking for a job, to gain insights into how to maximize their matching. Data from 225 hospitality undergraduate students were analyzed regarding their personality traits and preferences. Results showed a positive relationship between the latter two, with personality traits shaped by work experience and gender. These insights contribute to extend career advisor tools to guide students toward the company most suitable for them.

11.
Managerial and Decision Economics ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2068578

ABSTRACT

We study what profiles of individuals were the most likely to give up their entrepreneurial project at the beginning of the Covid-19 crisis. To do so, we run an experiment during the first lockdown in the United Kingdom. Our results show that the first months of the crisis have a sharp screening effect: 63% of prospective entrepreneurs postpone or cancel their project in May 2020. Taste for risk or competition does not characterize those who stick to their project. Instead, low opportunity costs to continue and concern for one's own interest instead of cooperation are common among entrepreneurs who persist.

12.
Ymer ; 21(8):1240-1253, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2067697

ABSTRACT

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the realm of education is the mode of education that uses technology to improve the learning process and enhance interaction with the students. The Covid 19 pandemic has made the usage of technology in imparting knowledge more crucial in the last two years. There has been continuous investment in ICT in the higher education, however the adoption rates have not been very promising. On further investigation into poor technology adoption rates, it was revealed that even though teachers play a very crucial role in the ICT adoption in education, but there is a considerable gap between the expectations and how ICT is used in their daily teaching and learning processes. It has become the need of the hour to study and analyse why few teachers are more prone to adopting technology in their work area. The integration of technology into education is found to be significantly dependent on the attitude and personality traits of the teachers. The objective of the article is to understand why certain people in academics adopt technology more than others and the investigate on the possibility of a relationship between the individual personality trait and the adoption behavior of teachers in higher education. The paper concludes with hypothesis around the relationship between personality traits and ICT adoption in academics along with studying the impact of moderating elements that would influence the relationship. © 2022 University of Stockholm. All rights reserved.

13.
Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research ; 37(3):453-475, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067644

ABSTRACT

Present study was carried out to investigate the relationship between emotional functioning and family functioning of middle-aged mothers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, a mixed method approach was used in the second phase of study to explore factors contributing to family conflict and family cohesion. A purposive sample of 100 middle-aged mothers (age ranged between 40-45 years) was approached for this study. The participants were given the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form (Cooper & Pertrides, 2010) for measuring emotional functioning and Covid-19 Household Environment Scale (Behar-Zusman et al., 2020) for measuring family functioning. The results revealed a significant positive correlation between emotional functioning, family cohesion, and a significant negative correlation between emotional functioning and family conflict. Moreover, it was observed that family functioning of mothers living in nuclear family system was better than those living in joint family system. The qualitative phase of the study revealed that factors related to finances, household work, limited resources, relationship deterioration etc. contributed to family conflict. While factors of increase quality time, emotional responsiveness, communication, and communal problem solving, contributed to family cohesion. The findings provide comprehensive insight into the characteristics of family functioning in the context of Covid-19 pandemic.

14.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(10):7763-7772, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067319

ABSTRACT

Insurance is one of the service sectors which play the vital role in quality based services. This sector consists of all types of financial activities such as banking and trade of securities. Insurance covers many aspects of assurance on life, medical and insurance on general aspects. Health insurance is an instrument that supports monetary requirements at the time of uncertainty faced by the insurer. Over the past few decades, India’s achievement in terms of healthy survival consciousness has been significant but health insurance sectors are still the way behind while comparing with many other similar countries. Covid-19 impact created prerequisite of health insurance. The purpose of the study is to highlight the factors for choosing the health insurance and personality traits on perception of health insurance. The study investigated the survey through the structured questionnaire and applied convenience sampling method. The SPSS statistical tool was employed to draw the results from the 100 respondents. Descriptive statistics, Anova, Correlation, Regression and Factor analysis are applied to infer the results. The study identified three variables like, Assurance, convenience, responsiveness and satisfaction as service quality. This study concluded that convenience and responsiveness has significantly correlated. Challenges and personality traits are perfectly correlated. Finally, the result shows that personality traits have an impact on buying behaviour of health insurance.

15.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(10):5714-5721, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067302

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research was to predict the anxiety of Corona based on personality traits and positive psychology components in nurses in karaj. The research sample consisted of 100 nurses who were selected from the statistical population using available sampling method. The research tools included Alipour et al.'s Corona Anxiety Questionnaire (2020), Eysenck's Personality Characteristics Questionnaire (EPQ) and Rashid's Positive Psychology Components Questionnaire (2008). The research design was correlational. Pearson's correlation coefficient and regression methods were used for data analysis. The obtained results showed that there is a negative and significant relationship between Corona anxiety and the components of positive psychology (pleasant life, committed life and meaningful life). Also, among the personality traits, there is only a positive and meaningful relationship between Corona anxiety and neuroticism. Also, personality traits and positive psychology components are able to predict 4% of corona anxiety in nurses.

16.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12889, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066477

ABSTRACT

Reaching full employment and reducing the unemployment rate is one of the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) issued by the United Nations to face COVID-19 and the complex global economic situation. Although governments, society, and organizations have made efforts towards SDGs, how employees exert their subjective initiative and enhance their career adaptability is fundamental to solve the employment issue. How to enhance employees’ career adaptability to strengthen their psychological ability to face career changes is the guarantee of sustainable employment. In the light of the main force role and the unique characteristics of the new generation of employees in the workplace, this study aims to explore the relation between a proactive personality and career adaptability. According to the career construction theory, this study constructed a moderated mediation model to test the effect of a proactive personality on career adaptability through career identity and thriving at work, and the moderating role of task interdependence. Surveying 285 new-generation employees in China, this research found that a proactive personality had a significant positive impact on career adaptability, and that career identity and thriving at work mediate the relation. Task interdependence moderated this relation. Our findings extend the research of career construction theory on individual factors and contextual factors, and offer insights into enhancing the sustainability of human resource management and supporting sustainable economic development.

17.
Brain Sci ; 12(10)2022 Sep 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065704

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: After the declaration of the pandemic status in several countries, the continuity of face-to-face visits in psychiatric facilities has been delayed or even interrupted to reduce viral spread. Little is known about the personality factors associated with medication beliefs and adherence amongst individuals with mental illness during the COVID-19 pandemic. This brief report describes a preliminary naturalistic longitudinal study that explored whether the Big Five personality traits prospectively moderate the effects of medication beliefs on changes in adherence during the pandemic for a group of outpatients with psychosis or bipolar disorder. METHODS: Thirteen outpatients undergoing routine face-to-face follow-up assessments during the pandemic were included (41 observations overall) and completed the Revised Italian Version of the Ten-Item Personality Inventory, the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire, the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8-item and the Beck Depression Inventory-II. RESULTS: Participants had stronger concerns about their psychiatric medications rather than beliefs about their necessity, and adherence to medications was generally low. Participants who had more necessity beliefs than concerns had better adherence to medications. People scoring higher in Conscientiousness and Neuroticism traits and more concerned about the medication side effects had poorer adherence. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary data suggest the importance of a careful assessment of the adherence to medications amongst people with psychosis/bipolar disorder during the pandemic. Interventions aimed to improve adherence might focus on patients' medication beliefs and their Conscientiousness and Neuroticism personality traits.

18.
Pharmaceutical Journal ; 309(7964), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2065048
19.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 68: 104235, 2022 Oct 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2061693

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacted the well-being of persons with neuroinflammatory diseases (pwNID). Identifying factors that influence the response to challenging conditions could guide supportive care. METHODS: 2185 pwNID and 1079 healthy controls (HCs) from five US centers completed an online survey regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on physical and psychological well-being. Survey instruments included resilience (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, CD-RISC), loneliness (UCLA Loneliness Scale), social support (modified social support survey, MSSS-5), personality traits (NEO-Five Factor Inventory, NEO-FFI), and disability (Patient-Determined Disability Steps (PDDS). Step-wise regression models and mediation analyses assessed whether the level of self-reported resilience, size of the social support, and specific personality traits (study predictors) were associated with self-reported disability and/or loneliness (study outcomes). RESULTS: The response rate varied significantly between the questionnaires. While, all pwNID completed the demographic questionnaire, 78.8% completed the loneliness questionnaire and 49.7% completed the NEO-FFI. Based on 787 responses, greater neuroticism (standardized ß = 0.312, p < 0.001), less social support (standardized ß = -0.242, p < 0.001), lower extraversion (standardized ß = -0.083, p=0.017), lower agreeableness (standardized ß = -0.119, p < 0.001), and lower resilience (standardized ß = -0.125, p = 0.002) were associated with the feeling of loneliness. Social support and resilience modestly but significantly mediated the association between personality traits and loneliness. Older age (standardized ß = 0.165, p < 0.001) and lower conscientiousness (standardized ß = -0.094, p = 0.007) were associated with worse disability (higher PDDS scores). There were no differences in outcomes between pwNID and HCs. CONCLUSION: Greater social support potentially attenuates the association between neuroticism and the feeling of loneliness in pwNID during the COVID-19 pandemic. Assessment of personality traits may identify pwNID that are in greater need of social support and guide targeted interventions.

20.
Chest ; 162(4):A790-A791, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2060690

ABSTRACT

SESSION TITLE: Issues After COVID-19 Vaccination Case Posters SESSION TYPE: Case Report Posters PRESENTED ON: 10/19/2022 12:45 pm - 01:45 pm INTRODUCTION: Thymoma-associated autoimmune encephalitis (TAAE) is an understudied and overlooked diagnosis in patients presenting with abrupt altered mental status. Described as inflammation of brain tissue, autoimmune encephalitis is seen in 5-10 cases per 100,000 across all age groups per year. A rare subtype involves neuronal surface antibodies to alpha-amino-3-hydroxyl-5-methyl-4isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPA-R) encephalitis is seen even less commonly. Given the "unicorn” nature of presenting cases and difficulty of diagnosis, prompt identification and treatment are critical as prolonged courses without treatment are irreversible and deadly. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old male with no past medical history presented 3 days after a Johnson & Johnson coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) booster vaccine due to worsening acute altered mental status over the past week. He complained of episodes of fever & chills prior to this. The patient's wife reported abrupt changes in memory and personality. Upon admission, the patient had a Glasgow Coma Scale of 4. The patient was intubated and transferred to the intensive care unit. Intravenous (IV) vancomycin, ceftriaxone and acyclovir was initiated for meningitis. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the head without contrast was unremarkable. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed enhancements of the right anterior and medial temporal lobe suggesting encephalitis. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis (CSF) revealed lymphocytic pleocytosis. A CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis showed an anterior mediastinal mass measured 1.8 x 2.3 cm (Figure 1). FilmArray Meningitis polymerase chain reaction was negative as well as Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) 1 and 2. Autoimmune encephalitis antibody was positive for Anti-AMPAR. Pulse dose steroids and intravenous immunoglobulin were initiated but failed. Rituximab was initiated and cardiothoracic surgery completed a thymectomy. DISCUSSION: TAAE is a rare disease, permanently debilitating, and deadly if unrecognized or treatment is delayed. Autoimmune encephalitis is an umbrella disease process seen in 0.00005% of patients per year. AMPA-R positive encephalitis is even less commonly seen with only 22 cases reported between the years 2009 and 2014 [1]. A rapidly progressive cognitive decline or psychiatric disorders are early features of this disease.Our patient had prodromal symptoms of fever and cognitive decline days after receiving his COVID-19 booster vaccine. CONCLUSIONS: Post-vaccine encephalomyelitis has been described in other settings[2]. This patient was free of symptoms prior to the COVID-19 vaccine booster, and demonstrated altered mental status hours after receiving it. This furthers the possibility of an association of the COVID-19 booster vaccine, development of encephalitis, and in this case a thymoma. Despite this, conclusions can not be made on the account of one report, but introduces a new area of focus to study. Reference #1: Höftberger, R., van Sonderen, A., Leypoldt, F., Houghton, D., Geschwind, M., Gelfand, J., Paredes, M., Sabater, L., Saiz, A., Titulaer, M. J., Graus, F., & Dalmau, J. (2015). Encephalitis and AMPA receptor antibodies: Novel findings in a case series of 22 patients. Neurology, 84(24), 2403–2412. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000001682 Reference #2: Huynh, W., Cordato, D. J., Kehdi, E., Masters, L. T., & Dedousis, C. (2008). Post-vaccination encephalomyelitis: literature review and illustrative case. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia, 15(12), 1315–1322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2008.05.002 DISCLOSURES: No relevant relationships by Matthew Frank No relevant relationships by Justin Ilagan No relevant relationships by Danielle Mahon No relevant relationships by Danielle Mahon No relevant relationships by Harshini Sahani No relevant relationships by Kameron Tavakolian No relevant relationship by Ndausung Udongwo

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