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1.
Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; 24(1):44-51, 2022.
Article in Persian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2207385

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Exercise is one of the lifestyle interventions recommended to reduce liver damage and improve health. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between physical activity and physical fitness with the liver enzymes of COVID-19 patients. Material(s) and Method(s): Four hundred patients infected with COVID-19 (57.6+/-14.6, body mass 28.1+/-4.7 kg/m2) admitted to the Masih Daneshvari Hospital in Tehran participated in the present study. After Introducing with the work procedure, Beck and Stanford's questionnaires were used to check their physical activity. Each participant filled out the physical fitness self-assessment questionnaire to self-report his/her physical fitness. Fasting blood samples were taken to measure aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and lactate dehydrogenase. Result(s): The statistical analysis of the collected data revealed a significant correlation between physical activity with aspartate aminotransferase (p=0.035) and alanine aminotransferase (P=0.001), and there was a difference between different levels of physical activity. The results also showed is no significant relationship between alanine (p=0.068) and aspartate aminotransferase (p=0.375) with physical fitness. However, there was no significant relationship between physical activity and physical fitness with alkaline phosphatase (p =0.271) and lactate dehydrogenase (p =0.311). Conclusion(s): According to the findings, it can be concluded that regular physical activity prior to COVID-19 infection is associated with high levels of liver alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. Copyright © 2022, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences. All rights reserved.

2.
PeerJ ; 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2217520

ABSTRACT

BackgroundPhysical activity (PA) level is affected by various factors in university students. Due to the pandemic of COVID-19, the Saudi Ministry of Education announced the closure of schools and universities as a preventive measure. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on PA levels and other lifestyle aspects among the Saudi medical students and to explore their perspectives toward it.MethodsThree hundred ninety-six medical students have completed the survey, which consisted of three sections: (1) participant's demographic data;(2) five statements about the PA and the lockdown;and (3) the International PA Questionnaire—Short Form (IPAQ-SF).ResultsAbout 63.9% of the participants were female, and 60.4% were of normal weight. Approximately 80% of participants were classified as inactive. Regarding the perspective of the students, 52.8% reported that they were not exercising regularly in the gym before the lockdown, and 46.9% reported that the lockdown and transition to online learning affected their compliance with exercise. During the lockdown and shift to online learning, the majority of participants experienced decreased PA levels, 42.4% experienced weight gain, and 53.6% reported a negative impact on their psychological status.ConclusionGenerally, the results of this study showed that the COVID-19 had a negative influence on the PA level, as well as other lifestyle aspects (e.g., gaining weight) and psychological status of medical students. This study highlights aspects where universities and institutions delivering medical education can use resources to improve students' well-being during pandemics.

3.
PeerJ ; 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2217505

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe stress and anxiety caused by COVID-19 lockdown may have changed the eating habits of the population. Our aim is to assess the eating changes that have taken place due to the pandemic.MethodsData were collected through an electronic survey created by the Health Economics Research Group of the University of Cantabria and IDIVAL and conducted between 14/01/2021 and 19/02/2021. A total of 1,417 responses were recorded, but only 507 complete observations were considered. We carried out a cross-sectional analysis through ordered probit regressions.ResultsThe improvement in post-confinement eating habits is associated with higher income level, better self-assessed health status and more physical activity. The worsening of eating habits is associated with having a certain level of nomophobia or the fear of contagion.ConclusionsOur analysis can be used for designing and implementing new strategies to overcome the negative spill overs of the COVID-19 pandemic and improve the dietary patterns.

4.
4th International Conference on Cybernetics, Cognition and Machine Learning Applications, ICCCMLA 2022 ; : 184-189, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2213222

ABSTRACT

Healthcare sectors are majorly moving towards Remote Health Monitoring Systems (RHMS) after the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak across the world. RHMS involves monitoring the patient's vital parameters remotely and providing advice and consultation online. Alerts are generated whenever a particular health parameter exceeds the threshold and sent to the medical officers for further actions. However, it is observed that these thresholds are applicable only when a patient is at rest and can change drastically during patient's physical activity such as walking, climbing the staircase, during exercise etc., which can mislead in understanding the patient's health condition. Hence there is a requirement to correlate these parameter values with the current activity the patient is in and to generate activity-based dynamic thresholds. In this paper, a method to correlate the sensor values with physical activities is proposed. The activity-based RHMS (aRHMS) uses the motion sensors available in the patient's smartphone to predict the activity and will automatically adjust the threshold values in co-relation with the activities and provides alarms/alerts accordingly. © 2022 IEEE.

5.
Current Opinion in Pediatrics ; 35(1):1, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2212996
6.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(21)2022 Oct 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2200237

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is seriously endangering human health worldwide. This study finds effective intervention modalities of physical activity on COVID-19 through a narrative review. METHODS: In this study, 41 papers were selected for a narrative literature review after a comprehensive database search from 20 December 2019, to 30 August 2022. RESULTS: 41 articles meet the established criteria, and in this review, we comprehensively describe recent studies on exercise and COVID-19, including the impact and recommendations of exercise on COVID-19 prevention, patients with COVID-19, and noninfected populations. CONCLUSIONS: The literature suggests that physical activity (PA) contributes to the prevention and treatment of COVID-19, can promote recovery of physical function, alleviate post-acute COVID-19 syndrome, and improve patients' psychological well-being. It is recommended to develop appropriate exercise prescriptions for different populations under the guidance of a physician.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemics/prevention & control , Exercise
7.
Front Public Health ; 9: 803815, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199439

ABSTRACT

In the ongoing situation, when the world is dominated by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the development of self-care programs appears to be insufficient, while their role in mental health may be crucial. The aim of the study was to evaluate the associations between self-care activities and depression in the general Slovak population, but also in its individual gender and age categories. This was achieved by validating the self-care screening instrument, assessing differences, and evaluating the associations using quantile regression analysis. The final research sample consisted of 806 participants [males: 314 (39%), females: 492 (61%)] and data were collected through an online questionnaire from February 12, 2021 to February 23, 2021. Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) for depression (α = 0.89) and Self-Care Activities Screening Scale (SASS-14) [health consciousness (HC) (α = 0.82), nutrition and physical activity (NPA) (α = 0.75), sleep quality (SLP) (α = 0.82), and interpersonal and intrapersonal coping strategies (IICS) (α = 0.58)] were used as screening measures. Mild depressive symptoms were found in 229 participants (28.41%), moderate depressive symptoms in 154 participants (19.11%), moderately severe depressive symptoms in 60 participants (7.44%) and severe depressive symptoms in 43 participants (5.33%). The main findings revealed the fact that individual self-care activities were associated with depression. This supported the idea that well-practiced self-care activities should be an immediate part of an individual's life in order to reduce depressive symptoms. Sleep quality played an important role, while HC indicated the need for increased attention. Other dimensions of self-care also showed significant results that should not be overlooked. In terms of depression, females and younger individuals need targeted interventions. The supportive educational intervention developed based on the self-care theory can help manage and maintain mental health during a stressful period, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Health policy leaders should focus on health-promoting preventive self-care interventions, as the demand for them increases even more during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Patient Health Questionnaire , SARS-CoV-2 , Self Care , Slovakia/epidemiology
8.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 35(1): 1-10, 20220125.
Article in English, Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-2202512

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar as mudanças de hábitos e manifestações psicológicas durante os três primeiros meses de isolamento social da pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado entre 01 de novembro e 20 de dezembro de 2020 por meio da aplicação de questionário on-line do tipo recordatório e amostragem do método "bola de neve" no qual participaram 219 pessoas entre 18 e 65 anos, residentes do município de Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Realizou-se análise descritiva (frequência absoluta e porcentagem) das variáveis sociodemográficas, das mudanças de hábitos e das manifestações psicológicas. A análise inferencial realizou-se pela comparação do intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Resultados: Houve diferença significativa na proporção da amostra que considerou diminuição da atividade física (64,8%; IC95%: 58,0-71,2) e aumento do tempo de tela (73,1%; IC95%: 67,1-79,5), dos comportamentos ansiosos (71,2%; IC95%: 66,2-78,1), do estresse (69,4%; IC95%:63,0-75,3), do medo (58,9%; IC95%: 52,1-65,3), da tensão (57,5%; IC95%: 50,7-64,4), da insegurança (60,3%; IC95%: 53,9-66,7) e do nervosismo (57,1%; IC95%: 50,2-63,9). Em relação ao consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e dos hábitos alimentares não houve diferenças significativas entre as proporções. Conclusão: Os três primeiros meses de isolamento social impostos pela pandemia da COVID-19 influenciaram a população investigada na redução da prática de atividade física, no aumento do tempo de tela e no aumento da frequência de manifestações psicológicas.


Objective: To check changes in habits and psychological manifestations during the first three months of social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between November 1 and December 20, 2020 using an online recall questionnaire and "snowball" sampling with 219 people aged between 18 and 65 years who lived in the municipality of Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Descriptive analysis (absolute frequency and percentage) of sociodemographic variables, changes in habits and psychological manifestations was performed. The inferential analysis was performed by comparing the 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Results: There was a significant difference in the proportion of the sample that reported decreased physical activity (64.8%; 95%CI: 58.0-71.2) and increased screen time (73.1%; 95%CI: 67.1 -79.5), anxious behaviors (71.2%; 95%CI: 66.2-78.1), stress (69.4%; 95%CI: 63.0-75.3), fear ( 58.9%; 95%CI: 52.1-65.3), tension (57.5%; 95%CI: 50.7- 64.4),insecurity (60.3%; 95%CI: 53, 9-66.7) and nervousness (57.1%; 95%CI: 50.2-63.9). As for the consumption of alcoholic beverages and eating habits, there were no significant differences between the proportions. Conclusion: The first three months of social isolation imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic influenced the investigated population to reduce the practice of physical activity, increase screen time and increase the frequency of psychological manifestations.


Objetivo: Verificar los cambios de costumbres y manifestaciones psicológicas durante los tres primeros meses de aislamiento social de la pandemia de la COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio transversal realizado entre 01 de noviembre y 20 de diciembre de 2020 a través de la aplicación de un cuestionario on-line del tipo recordatorio y muestreo del método "pelota de nieve" en el cual participaron 219 personas entre los 18 y 65 años, residentes del municipio de Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Se realizó el análisis descriptivo (frecuencia absoluta y porcentaje) de las variables sociodemográficas, de los cambios de costumbres y de las manifestaciones psicológicas. El análisis inferencial se dio por la comparación del intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC95%). Resultados: Hubo diferencia significativa en la proporción de la muestra que consideró disminución de la actividad física (64,8%; IC95%: 58,0-71,2) y el aumento del tiempo de pantalla (73,1%; IC95%: 67,1-79,5), de las conductas ansiosas (71,2%; IC95%: 66,2-78,1), del estrés (69,4%; IC95%:63,0-75,3), del miedo (58,9%; IC95%: 52,1-65,3), de la tensión (57,5%; IC95%: 50,7-64,4), de la inseguridad (60,3%; IC95%: 53,9-66,7) y del nerviosismo (57,1%; IC95%: 50,2-63,9). Respecto el consumo de bebidas alcohólicas y de las costumbres alimentarias, no hubo diferencias significativas entre las proporciones. Conclusión: Los tres primeros meses de aislamiento social de la pandemia de la COVID-19 han influenciado la población investigada para la reducción de la práctica de actividad física, el aumento del tiempo de pantalla y el aumento de la frecuencia de manifestaciones psicológicas.

9.
Pharmacophore ; 13(5):72-77, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2206963

ABSTRACT

Regular exercise can increase the sensitivity of endogenous antioxidants so that it can increase the immune system against viral infections. Antioxidants like bioflavonoids, which are found in lemon peel essential oil, help shield the body from the damaging effects of free radicals and immunomodulators. The goal of this research was to find out whether or not frequent moderate -intensity exercise and the lemon peel essential oil can boost immunity during the Covid-19 Pandemic. The experimental animals were separated into two groups at random, with ten white rats in each group: group P1 consisted of rats that participated in swimming activities of moderate intensity for forty minutes;group P2 consisted of rats that participated in swimming activities of moderate intensity for forty minutes, but also received 0.05 milliliters of lemon peel essential oil every hour for the preceding hour before the rats participated in swimming activities. The average TAC level in the RDF group (pre-test 320.34 +/- 44.05 mu mol;post-test 353.01 +/- 70.22 mu mol) and average CRP level (pre-test 0.54 +/- 0.11 ng/ml;post-test 0.49 +/- 0.04 ng/ml). The average TAC level in the RE groups (pre-test 338.15 +/- 29.14 mu mol;post-test 356.48 +/- 44.34 mu mol) and average CRP level (pre-test 0.56 +/- 0.04 ng/ml;post-test 0.53 +/- 0.09 ng/ml). There were no significantly increased TAC (p>0.05) and decreased CRP (p>0.05) after the exercise test compared to before. There were no substantial differences between the two groups (p>0.05).

10.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 47:628-635, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2206570

ABSTRACT

Social isolation and widespread confinement in many countries has caused a decrease in physical activity (PA) and an increase in levels of stress, anxiety and depression. The purpose in life is part of the psychological well-being of people, and having a clear purpose allows them to face adversity. In this sense, the influence of PA on psychological well-being in confinement situations makes it necessary to study and promote it by educational and government entities. The objective of this work was to evaluate the incidence of an intervention program with PA (Move at home) on the purpose in life during a period of mandatory confinement due to COVID-19.360 university students divided into three groups participated: control (Sedentary, Thirst), and experimental (group with low physical activity, BAct, and physically active, Act). The experimental groups underwent a PA intervention program for 11 weeks, from the beginning to the end of the mandatory confinement. A weekly online questionnaire was collected, recording the PA level (min/week) and the results of the PIL test (purpose in life). The PA level decreased significantly at the beginning of the confinement and increased significantly in the easing phases. The intervention program was able to contribute to maintaining the PA level in the participants. Physical activity has a positive effect on purpose in life and the practice of some physical exercise on a regular basis could be a crucial tool to face a state of mandatory confinement.

11.
Health Promotion Perspectives ; 12(3):229-230, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2206121

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization (WHO), states that obesity is one of the most serious health problems we have to face as a planetary society, such that, by 2025, it is estimated that 2.3 billion adults worldwide will be overweight, with 700 million individuals with obesity.3 Etiologically, obesity is considered multifactorial, as it interacts with genetic, metabolic, nutritional, psychosocial, and environmental factors and lifestyle changes. Obesity is broadly defined as an excess body fat mass, characterized by a chronic inflammatory state and excessive accumulation of body fat.4 Studies point out that modernity, together with an increasingly sedentary lifestyle and a diet based on ultraprocessed foods, brings with it a social impact from early childhood, as can observed in the increase in the number of cases in obese children. [...]the social distancing resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated these factors.5 In the current scenario, there is a growing increase in the risk factors for childhood obesity, such as poor nutrition from early childhood, sedentary lifestyles, and increased use of screens in general.1 This reality has already been observed with the increasing modernity and advancement of technology;however, the current pandemic caused by COVID-19 has further aggravated circumstances, enhancing the described risk factors for obesity and making the child population more susceptible to this development.6 Many factors contribute to the childhood obesity epidemic, such as genetics, unhealthy habits, lack of physical activity (PA), and environmental difficulties. [...]the practice of PA in the fight against obesity during childhood and adolescence can contribute in three ways: I) PA in this phase helps to steady the energy balance;II) active youth tend to become active adults;III) active youth are less likely to develop obesity and its comorbidities in adulthood, while inactive youth have more than 90% chance of becoming sedentary adults7. [...]the benefits of PA go beyond the control of obesity, constituting an important component of the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease, hypertension, musculoskeletal diseases, and respiratory diseases.7 The biological effects related to elevated PA levels in children are lower blood pressure, more favorable serum lipid and lipoprotein levels, more insulin sensitivity, and less adipose tissue accumulation, as it is also considered an important factor in achieving and maintaining adequate bone strength, contributing to normal skeletal development.8 Since obesity is considered an inflammatory disease and physical exercise directly modulates such processes, it is essential to implement physical exercise programs to improve the inflammatory response in obese children and adolescents.

12.
Health, Sport, Rehabilitation ; 8(4):83-94, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206111

ABSTRACT

Purpose: A culture of movement awareness through physical literacy in physical education, physical activity and sports is a core aspect that must be promoted continually during the current COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to conduct a literature review regarding the importance of a culture of movement awareness through physical literacy in physical education, physical activity and sports. Material and Methods: This study used a Systematic Literature Review with Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analytic method. There was 4 Stages in collecting data using a database search, namely through Sage Pub, Eric, Pubmed and Sciencedirect. This study adopted 7 international journal articles indexed by Scopus Q1. Results: The results of this study found that a culture of movement awareness through physical literacy which was integrated into physical education, physical activity and sports had a major contribution in creating active participation to lead a healthy life during the pandemic. Conclusions: Therefore, maintaining and increasing a culture of movement awareness through physical literacy during the COVID-19 period in various settings is the key in maintaining the health status of people around the world. © Gani RA, Setiawan E, Gazali N, Németh Z, Achmad IZ, Septiadi F, Haryanto J., 2022.

13.
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health ; 7(3):397-409, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205579

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 lockdown has an impact on the daily lives of people with type 1 diabetes, including restrictions on physical activity, changes in diet, difficulty contacting health care providers and concerns about drug supplies. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on blood sugar control in type 1 diabetes mellitus patients. Subjects and Method: This research is a meta-analysis study using PRISMA flowchart guidelines. The PICO model used is Population= type 1 diabetes mellitus patients. Intervention = COVID-19 lockdown. Comparison = before the COVID-19 lockdown. Outcome = HbA1c. The article search process was carried out between 2019 and 2022 using online databases from PubMed, Springer Link and Google Scholar. The keywords used in the article search were "Quarantine" OR "Quarantines" OR "Stay at Home Orders" OR "Health Lockdowns" OR "Self-Quarantine" OR "Self-Quarantine" AND "Diabetes Mellitus" OR "Diabetes Insipidus" OR "Diabetic" OR "Glucose Intolerance" AND "Glycemic Control" OR "Blood Glucose Control". The inclusion criteria used in this study were full paper articles with cohort studies, using English or Indonesian, the intervention given was COVID-19 lockdown, and the outcome was blood glucose level (HbA1C) in diabetes mellitus patients. The analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software.

14.
Sport Mont ; 20(3):29-34, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2205562

ABSTRACT

Among the lecturers and staff at the university are experiencing stress disorders, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, physical activity, and dietary adherence among lectures and staff associated with the national survey. A cross-sectional study with a web-based questionnaire presented anonymous demographic data, cardiovascular risk factors, physical activity, dietary intake, and healthy lifestyle barriers. A total of 1,862 lecturers and staff who met the following criteria for participation, having reached the age of majority at 25, were accepted into the study, gave informed consent online, and responded to a survey. BMI in the staff and lecturers group was overweight and obese, slightly lower for lecturers (25.9 kg/m2) compared to staff (27.4 kg/m2) with adjustments for age and gender. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in the prevalence of obesity between staff and faculty regardless of age or gender. The short IPAQ questionnaire revealed that around 68.7% of lecturers did PA category 2 or 3 and 28.3% of lecturers did PA category 3. Muscle strengthening exercises were carried out in each group by 24.5% of lecturers and 21.4% of staff. Lecturers (74.2%) feel responsible for their health. Most of the participants expressed that their working hours prevented them from staying fit. Physical activity and low intake of vegetables and fruits due to lack of managerial support, fitness facilities, and long working hours are obstacles to a healthy lifestyle. Very few lecturers and staff can follow an active lifestyle every day of the week and tend to engage in physical activity for longer periods within days or regulate food intake during the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2022 Montenegrin Sports Academy. All rights reserved.

15.
Galician Medical Journal ; 29(4), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2204968

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to determine whether back pain is a clinical manifestation in patients with COVID-19 and whether several demographic and disease characteristics could be an effective indicator of back pain.Materials and Methods. A total of 99 patients with COVID-19 were recruited from the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Kirikkale High Specialized Hospital in Turkey and divided into two groups depending on the presence (n=50) or absence of back pain (n=49). The primary outcomes included were demographic and disease characteristics, the Nord-Trondelag Health Study Physical Activity Level for Work (HUNT), and the 6-minute walking test.Results. The most common symptom was fatigue (n=63, 63.6%), followed by back pain (n=50, 50.5%). In the back pain group, the number of patients with sedentary lifestyle, oxygen requirement, pneumonia, and typical pneumonia pattern were significantly higher (p=0.009, p=0.026, p=0.001, p=0.001, respectively), while aerobic capacity was lower (p=0.001). In a logistic regression analysis, back pain was found to be associated with pneumonia presence. Conclusions. Back pain may be associated with the presence of COVID-19 pneumonia and should be evaluated as its early warning symptom.

16.
Modern Pediatrics Ukraine ; - (5):108-116, 2022.
Article in Ukrainian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2204185

ABSTRACT

Purpose - to summarize data from the literature and own experience regarding the course of COVID-19 in children;to determine changes in tolerance to physical activity in children who have experienced COVID-19. The issue of long-term consequences of the transferred COVID-19 is increasingly being raise in connection with the pandemic of COVID-19. The problem of changes in the functional state of the body health and improving the quality of life of children who have infected COVID-19 is relevant. To analyze these parameters, it is advisable to use the assessment of tolerance to physical activity Tolerance to physical activity is a total indicator of the body's physiological capabilities, which allows you to assess the processes of oxygen consumption by the myocardium and myocardial reserves, which are important in the overall adaptation of the body. The «gold standard» of assessing tolerance to physical activity is the determination of the maximum VO2, and other indicators, the control of which in dynamics will allow the development of medical and rehabilitation measures aimed at the elimination of post-COVID symptoms. © 2022 by the Author(s).

17.
International Journal of Public Health Science ; 12(1):119-128, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2203622

ABSTRACT

Many evidence revealed that physical activity (PA) has positive effects on pregnancy outcomes. Healthy pregnant women are suggested to have a combination of PA in light to moderate-intensity activities for 150 minutes per week. The purpose of this study was to analyze the type, the intensity of PA of pregnant women, and the average energy expenditure per week. A cross-sectional study involving 110 pregnant women who came from four community health centers in Bandung city, Indonesia was carried out from April to June 2021. The pregnancy physical activity questionnaire (PPAQ) was used to collect data. Descriptive data were presented using median and percentile. Mann-Whitney and Kruskal Wallis test were used to statistical test. The results of the study where the median energy expenditure per week was 250.50 METs. Most of the PA was light-intensity activities and household/child caring activities. There were still 10% pregnant women who did not exercise. Employed pregnant women had energy expenditure per week higher compared to unemployed pregnant women. Sports/exercise activities were seldom been carried out. This study demonstrated that during pandemic COVID-19, pregnant women are still doing PA. During pandemic COVID-19, health care providers should motivate healthy pregnant women to exercise by creating innovations using social media or online platforms so that pregnant women can exercise at home safely. © 2023, Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama. All rights reserved.

18.
Turkiye Klinikleri Spor Bilimleri ; 14(3):318-327, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2202682

ABSTRACT

Objective: The corona virus epidemic has caused significant changes in lifestyles all over the world. The aim of this study was to examine the views of healthcare professionals about changes in leisure time behaviors, physical activity levels and online physical activity practices during coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) isolation period. Material and Methods: Eight healthcare workers who were active in the corona virus epidemic, have had at least 2 years of work experience, and used online exercise apps were selected as the research group. Psychological phenomenology analysis method was used in the research. In-depth interviews were conducted with a semi-structured questionnaire as a data collection tool and participant observation was made in the field.

19.
Journal of Health Research and Reviews in Developing Countries ; 9(1):17-21, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2201978

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this article is to study the lifestyle changes such as physical activity, dietary habits, sleeping patterns, and psychological parameters during the COVID-19 lockdown among young adults. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out by an online web-based survey. The survey was open for 2 weeks and was shared on all social media platforms. It was composed of 20 questions divided into sections, namely, general information and comorbidities, dietary pattern, physical activity, sleeping pattern, and self-reported psychological health. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Results: Out of the 301 participants, majority were female students who belonged to higher socioeconomic status with a mean age of 23.31 years. Only 100 (33.2%) got involved regularly in any type of exercise during the lockdown period. The participants consumed cereals for a median number of 6 days in a week. One-third of the participants slept for 8–10 h daily during the lockdown period. Psychological issues were reported by 44% (132) of the individuals. Conclusion: Our study showed that only one-third of the participants had the habit of exercising regularly during the COVID-19 lockdown period. Almost half of the participants reported a significant change in their diet. There was an increase in the number of hours of sleep in a day. Psychological health problems in the form of stress, anxiety, and depression were reported by a high proportion of individuals.

20.
Terapia Psicologica ; 40(1):23-48, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2201478

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted on the physical activity and psychological health of university students. Objective: To analyze the physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic and its association with subjective well-being and mental health in university students in Chile. Method: Cross-sectional study in a sample of 469 students from different Chilean universities (67.4% women, M = 21.7 SD = 2.45 years). The physical activity, subjective well-being and mental health was measured. Results: Students who maintained a physically active behavior before and during the pandemic presented higher subjective well-being (men: p = 0.020;and women p <0.0001) than those who were physically inactive before and during the pandemic (women M = 4 , 84, SD = 1.64;men M = 4.46, SD = 1.27). Women who became physically inactive during the pandemic had fewer negative affective experiences than women who were inactive before the pandemic (F(3,293)=3.118, F=0.026). Mental health symptoms were reported less frequently in physically active than inactive students. Conclusions: Students who were physically active before and during the pandemic showed better indicators of subjective well-being and mental health than those who were physically inactive or became physically inactive during the pandemic. Physical activity should be promoted in higher education, due to its potential protective effect in managing psychological consequences during a pandemic crisis.

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