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1.
Journal of Jilin University Medicine Edition ; 49(1):187-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244843

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods and treatment process of the patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma complicated with human coronavirus(HCoV)-HKU1 pneumonia and improve the clinical medical staff's awareness of the disease, and to reduce the occurrence of clinical adverse events. Method(s): The clinical data of a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma complicated with HCoV-HKU1 pneumonia with hot flashes and night sweats, dry cough and dry throat as the main clinical features who were hospitalized in the hospital in January 2021 were analyzed, and the relevant literatures were reviewed and the clinical manifestations and diagnosis of HCoV-HKU1 were analyzed. Result(s): The female patient was admitted to the hospital due to diagnosed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma for more than 2 months. The physical examination results showed Karnofsky score was 90 points;there was no palpable enlargement of systemic superfical lymph nodes;mild tenderness in the right lower abdomen, no rebound tenderness, and slightly thicker breath sounds in both lungs were found, and a few moist rales were heard in both lower lungs. The chest CT results showed diffuse exudative foci in both lungs, and the number of white blood cells in the urine analysis was 158 muL-1;next generation sequencing technique(NGS) was used the detect the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and HCoV-HKU1 pneumonia was diagnosed. At admission, the patient had symptoms such as dull pain in the right lower abdomen, nighttime cough, and night sweats;antiviral treatment with oseltamivir was ineffective. After treatment with Compound Sulfamethoxazole Tablets and Lianhua Qingwen Granules, the respiratory symptoms of the patient disappeared. The re-examination chest CT results showed the exudation was absorbed. Conclusion(s): The clinical symptoms of the patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma complicated with HCoV-HKU1 pneumonia are non-specific. When the diffuse shadow changes in the lungs are found in clinic, and the new coronavirus nucleic acid test is negative, attention should still be paid to the possibility of other HCoV infections. The NGS can efficiently screen the infectious pathogens, which is beneficial to guide the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary infectious diseases more accurately.Copyright © 2023 Jilin University Press. All rights reserved.

2.
International Journal of Gastrointestinal Intervention ; 12(2):103-104, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20242860

ABSTRACT

We retrospectively report a case of rapid exchange of a percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy tube (balloon-occluded type catheter) via off-label use of a pigtail catheter for nutrition supply during a very early episode of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in an outpatient clinic. This case demonstrates that minimally invasive percutaneous procedures might be provided safely and effectively under appropriate precautions for preventing COVID-19 transmission during the pandemic.Copyright © 2023, Society of Gastrointestinal Intervention.

3.
Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases ; 11(2) (no pagination), 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20242270

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Spontaneous pneumothorax is a rare complication of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), primarily reported in adults. Pediatric cases with bilateral pneumothorax are much less reported. Case Presentation: We presented the case of a five-year-old previously healthy boy who developed persistent fever, abdominal pain, generalized maculopapular rash, and dyspnea before admission. His chest computed tomography (CT) showed a viral involvement pattern of pneumonia suggestive of COVID-19. Subsequently, he was confirmed with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). While he responded well to the therapies, on the fifth day of admission, he developed respiratory distress again. A chest roentgenogram showed bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax. Bilateral chest tubes were inserted, and his condition improved sig-nificantly after five days of admission to the intensive care unit. Two weeks later, he was discharged in good condition. Conclusion(s): Children with MIS-C associated with COVID-19 may develop primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Owing to the clinical picture overlapping with MIS-C associated with COVID-19, the timely diagnosis of pneumothorax may be challenging in such patients.Copyright © 2022, Author(s).

4.
Clinical Immunology ; Conference: 2023 Clinical Immunology Society Annual Meeting: Immune Deficiency and Dysregulation North American Conference. St. Louis United States. 250(Supplement) (no pagination), 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20241046

ABSTRACT

Case: Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome (WAS) is a rare X-linked inborn error of immunity caused by mutations in the WAS gene. It is classically characterized by immunodeficiency, eczema, and micro-thrombocytopenia. It has been known since the 1960s that patients with WAS have an increased risk of lymphoproliferative disease though the exact incidence remains unknown in the American population. Limited case reports have discussed EBV-related lymphoproliferative disease in patients with WAS. We present a case of a 9-year-old boy with known WAS complicated by eczematous rash, thrombocytopenia, recurrent ear infections, and monoclonal gammopathy who was found to have submandibular EBV-associated lymphoid hyperplasia with associated lung and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy. Family had been offered treatment with hematopoietic stem cell transplant but declined multiple times in the past. Earlier in the year, he presented with possible MIS-C with negative SARS-CoV-2 PCR. He presented to our hospital with mastoiditis and lymphadenopathy. Physical examination showed severe eczema on hands and tender right mastoid. Laboratory evaluation showed thrombocytopenia, elevated IgG of 6290, IgA of 744, IgE of 827, low IgM of 41, and 14% response to pneumococcal titers. He was empirically treated with intravenous antibiotics. ENT performed right postauricular incision and drainage and the culture grew Hemophilus influenza. Throughout his hospital stay, his submandibular lymphadenopathy became more prominent despite treatment. Core needle biopsy of right submandibular lymph node was suggestive of EBV-associated lymphoid hyperplasia. EBV PCR and antibodies were both positive. CT chest, abdomen, and pelvis revealed multifocal pulmonary lymphadenopathy and a diffuse, bilateral nodularity as well as retroperitoneal and mesenteric lymphadenopathy. He was given four doses of weekly Rituximab, which successfully decreased EBV viremia below linear detectability. Immunoglobulin replacement therapy (IgRT) was initiated. Bronchoalveolar lavage and lung biopsy were performed and are results are currently pending. Discussion(s): We present a case of a 9-year-old boy with known WAS awaiting transplant who was found to have submandibular EBV-associated lymphoid hyperplasia with associated lung and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy. While lymphoproliferative disease is a known complication of WAS, EBV-related lymphoproliferative disease in WAS patients has only been reported as case reports and remains a rare but known complication of patient with WAS.Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc.

5.
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology ; 5(4):230-233, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20239824

ABSTRACT

Telemedicine is a modality which utilizes technology to provide and support health care across large distances. It has redefined the practices of medicine in many specialties and continues to be a boon for clinicians on many frontiers. Its role in the branch of anesthesia remains largely unexplored but has shown to be beneficial in all the three phases: pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative. Now time has come that anesthesiologists across the globe reassess their strategies and utilize the telemedicine facilities in the field of anesthesia.Copyright © 2021 EDP Sciences. All rights reserved.

6.
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics ; 33(3) (no pagination), 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20239636

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The people worldwide have been affected by severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection since its appearance in December, 2019. Kawasaki disease-like hyperinflammatory shock associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection in previously healthy children has been reported in the literature, which is now referred to as a multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Some aspects of MIS-C are similar to those of Kawasaki disease, toxic shock syndrome, secondary hemophagocytic syndrome, and macrophage activation syndrome. Case Presentation: This study reported an 11-year-old boy with MIS-C presented with periorbital and peripheral edema, abdominal pain, elevated liver enzymes, severe right pleural effusion, moderate ascites, and severe failure of right and left ventricles. Conclusion(s): Due to the increasing number of reported cases of critically ill patients afflicted with MIS-C and its life-threatening complications, it was recommended that further studies should be carried out in order to provide screening tests for myocardial dysfunction. Adopting a multidisciplinary approach was found inevitable.Copyright © 2023, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

7.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; Part E. 11:162-165, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20238973

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A comprehensive screening at delivery revealed that roughly 14% of pregnant women who tested positive for COVID-19 did not exhibit any symptoms. The SARS-CoV-2 antigen swab test is frequently utilized as a diagnostic technique. Inadequate implementation of health protocol compliance can enhance the vulnerability of a community to the COVID-19 virus, according to previous findings. This suggests that these health protocol compliance and the vaccination program are important for preventing and controlling the spread of the virus. AIM: This study aims to determine the relationship of vaccination history and health protocol compliance with positive antigen swab results among pregnant women at the Community Health Center in Medan. METHOD(S): This is a cross-sectional and observational study that was conducted in February 2022 at the Community Health Center in Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Two hundred pregnant women who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria make up the sample population. Antigen sampling for SARS-CoV-2 was performed in the Pramita laboratory. Following the collection and processing of sample and antigen swab data, IBM SPSS version was utilized to conduct statistical analysis. RESULT(S): The result showed that four of the pregnant women were infected with COVID-19, and they accounted for 2% of the sample population. The health protocol carried out by pregnant women was not significantly related to the swab results. Therefore, vaccination history had no significant association with COVID-19 symptoms, but people who received vaccines had more negative swab test results compared to those who did not, where three out of four positive samples were unvaccinated. CONCLUSION(S): Based on the results, only 2% of pregnant women were infected with COVID-19 at the Community Health Centre in Medan, because this study was carried out when COVID-19 cases had decreased. The statistical analysis results showed that the history of vaccination was not significantly related to SARS-CoV-2 antigen swab results. However, there was a clinical tendency that vaccines can reduce the number of positive cases, where three out of four positive samples were not vaccinated.Copyright © 2023 Sarma Nursani Lumbanraja, Reni Hayati, Khairani Sukatendel, Johny Marpaung, Muhammad Rusda, Edy Ardiansyah.

8.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; Part C. 10:68-70, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20238721

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: SARS-CoV-2 virus infection is a pandemic that began to emerge in December 2019 in various countries with high death rates of 4-9% until now. In March 2020, Indonesia found its first case where the condition of the infection kept spreading to various regions in Indonesia. Different regional conditions in Indonesia make it difficult to manage this virus infection. The capability of the regional hospitals to detect this virus infection with their facilities and infrastructure is required. CASE PRESENTATION: A 17-year-old man came to the Ajibarang Regional Hospital with complaints of coughs and colds felt for 4 days and fever for 2 days. Physical examination found a good general condition, moderate pain, the temperature of 38.8degreeC, pharyngeal hyperemia, and minimal lung crackles sound. Laboratory tests showed normal leukocytes, platelet, and hemoglobin levels. Chest radiograph was suggestive of bronchitis. The patient was hospitalized for approximately 4 days until the fever resolved and was discharged. Five days after the patient was discharged from the hospital, the results of the viral load examination using real-time polymerase chain reaction confirmed positive for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). CONCLUSION(S): This case showed unusual conditions of a mild clinical COVID-19 infection, laboratory results that did not support viral infections, as well as radiology examination of only bronchitis. The viral load test was found to be positive. Therefore, the diagnosis of the COVID-19 infection requires a comprehensive interpretation of complete history taking, clinical examination, laboratory, and radiology examinations for clinicians working with limited hospital facilities and infrastructures.Copyright © 2023 Edward Kurnia Setiawan Limijadi, Inge Cahya Ramadhani, Dian Tunjungsari Hartutiningtyas, Gara Samara Brajadenta.

9.
Journal of the American College of Surgeons ; 236(5 Supplement 3):S56-S57, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20237709

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The use of telemedicine in surgical care quickly increased due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, uptake among surgical specialties has not been consistent. We aimed to characterize surgical provider perceptions of barriers and facilitators to telemedicine use. Method(s): Surgeons and nurses within the gastrointestinal surgery division at a high-volume, tertiary care academic center were contacted for participation in this study. Individual semi-structured interviews explored barriers and facilitators to telemedicine use. Qualitative analysis was conducted by multiple coders using NVivo12 software. Result(s): Six surgeons and three nurses participated in this study. Among the 9 participants, 44% identified as female and 33% were over age 50. Three themes were identified as facilitators to provider utilization of telemedicine: increased accessibility for rural patients due to decreased travel time and cost, enhanced provider productivity from reduced transition time between visits, and the ability of video telemedicine to facilitate non-verbal communication and visual examination. Three themes were identified as barriers to provider utilization of telemedicine: unreliable broadband connection, negative impacts on workflow due to scheduling challenges and insufficient IT support, and the inability to conduct a physical exam and immediately manage certain complications. Conclusion(s): As telemedicine becomes highly integrated into routine care, best practice guidelines to surgeon-patient telemedicine encounters should be established. This will improve virtual communication and consistency across providers, as well as provider satisfaction with telemedicine. Future interventions should address concerns with workflow logistics and technical support by developing comprehensive training and troubleshooting strategies for healthcare providers.

10.
Journal of Translational Internal Medicine ; 11(1):15-18, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20235920
11.
Pediatric Dermatology ; 40(Supplement 2):20-21, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20235817

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Chilblain lupus erythematosus (LE) is a rare chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CCLE) characterized by the appearance of violaceous plaques in acral regions most exposed to cold. The isolated form affects middle-aged women, while the familial form manifests in early childhood and is associated with mutations in the TREX1 gene. Result(s): A 13-year-old adolescent, with no relevant family history, was referred in March 2021 for suspected chilblain-like lesions associated with COVID-19 infection. The patient presented with multiple violaceous papules on hands and feet. The lesions were slightly painful. Small hyperkeratotic papules were also observed on finger pads. Physical examination also revealed some aphthae affecting the lips. No other systemic symptoms were reported. A skin biopsy and blood tests were performed due to presumed chilblain LE with probable systemic involvement. Histology revealed basal vacuolar damage and intense perivascular and periadnexal lymphocytic inflammatory dermal infiltrate. Remarkably, mucin was noted among the collagen bundles. Leukopenia and positive ANA antibodies (titre 1:320) were detected. Complement levels were normal. SARS-CoV2 infection was ruled out. Skin lesions disappeared within 1 month under topical corticosteroids. Hydroxychloroquine was afterwards started by Rheumatology without recurrence of skin symptoms until last follow-up. Discussion(s): We present an uncommon case of an adolescent with systemic LE presenting as chilblain LE. Chilblain LE can be accompanied by other discoid CCLE. It can progress to systemic LE in up to 20% of patients, especially when concomitant CCLE is present. This rare presentation of CCLE should be differentiated from typical chilblain and other resembling lesions, such as SARS-CoV2-associated chilblain and acral purpuric lesions (COVID toes). The Mayo Clinic diagnostic criteria can be helpful, particularly in this last SARS-CoV2 outbreak scenario, when the reporting of similar skin lesions has been significant.

12.
Medicina Oral Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal ; 28(Supplement 1):S25-S26, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20234355

ABSTRACT

Introduction: One of the consequences of COVID-19 is the incidence of mucormycosis in the jaws and subsequent osteomyelitis in patients with undiagnosed or uncontrolled comorbidities, such as diabetes mellitus and associated immunosuppression. Case Report: A 52-year-old male patient with a history of COVID-19 two months ago presented a painful ulcerative lesion of insidious onset in the palatal raphe measuring approximately 2 mm. He referred to numbness of the palatal region of one month of evolution. During the physical examination, purulent content, multiple pustules in the anterior maxillary buccal mucosa, and mobility of upper anterior teeth were observed. The CT revealed isodense bilateral images in maxillary and ethmoidal sinuses, bone sequestrations, and partial loss of anterior vestibular cortical bone. Laboratory tests revealed no abnormality, except for HbH1c: 10.2gr/dl. The patient was hospitalized for control of newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus. Maxillary incisional biopsy was performed, and microscopic analysis showed a mixed inflammatory infiltrate, fibrin deposits with eosinophilic and birefringent ribbon-like hyphae, branched at right angles, compatible with maxillary osteomyelitis secondary to mucormycosis. The treatment started with antifungal and intravenous antibiotics, followed by surgical cleaning under general anesthesia. The patient progressed favorably. Conclusion(s): Immunosuppression resulting from COVID-19 and/or uncontrolled systemic diseases can condition the appearance of rare opportunistic microorganisms causing infections such as mucormycosis. Early diagnosis and treatment make a difference in the morbidity and mortality of patients.

13.
Akademik Acil Tip Olgu Sunumlari Dergisi ; 14(1):13-15, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20234247

ABSTRACT

Trauma-related hyoid fractures are rare entities. These fractures represent only 0.002% of head and neck region fractures. Victims of hanging and strangling constitute the great majority of cases. Fractures associated with trauma are extremely rare. These fractures are difficult to diagnose and can easily be overlooked during physical examination. However, they are also important traumas since airway safety is endangered in these rare cases. We describe a case of a young male presenting with isolated neck injury associated with hitting an electric cable while riding a motorbike. Tenderness was present in the anterior neck region at physical examination, but movement was not restricted and no respiratory difficulty was determined. Isolated hyoid fracture was detected at tomography of the neck performed in the emergency department. Hyoid bone fractures should not be forgotten in patients with pain and tenderness in the anterior neck region following blunt trauma to the neck.©Copyright 2020 by Emergency Physicians Association of Turkey - Available online at www.jemcr.com.

14.
Pulmonologiya ; 33(1):52-63, 2023.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20234222

ABSTRACT

Post-COVID syndrome develops after COVID-19 (COronaVIrus Disease 2019) and leads to cumulative effects in the form of shortness of breath and impaired lung function. Notably, patients with airway inflammation and COVID-19 were found to have increased concentrations of hyaluronic acid (HA). Since bovhyaluronidase azoximer (Longidase) catalyzes the hydrolysis of HA, this drug has the potential to reduce HA levels and improve lung function in patients with post-COVID syndrome. The aim of the DISSOLVE trial, which was conducted early in the pandemic, was to investigate the efficacy and safety of bovhyaluronidase azoximer in patients with symptoms associated with post-COVID syndrome. Methods. An open, prospective, controlled, comparative, multicenter clinical trial (NCT04645368) included adult patients (n = 160) who had post-COVID syndrome. Patients in the treatment group (n = 81) received bovhyaluronidase azoximer, and individuals in the control group (n = 79) were followed up without intervention. The study included physical examination, evaluation of forced vital capacity (FVC), assessment of dyspnea with the Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale (mMRC), 6-minute walking test, and pulse oximetry. These indicators were measured on 3 visits, at days 1 (baseline), 75, and 180. In addition, the number of patients who experienced adverse events and serious adverse events were recorded. Results. Baseline patient characteristics in the treatment group and the control group were similar. In the treatment group, there was a statistically significant reduction in residual pulmonary abnormalities after visit 2 (day 75) and visit 3 (day 180). In addition, FVC, pulse oximetry values, and functional exercise tolerance increased statistically significantly at days 75 and 180 compared to baseline. The mMRC scores for dyspnea decreased statistically significantly in the treatment group over 75 days. The safety profile of the drug was reported to be favorable throughout the study. Conclusion. Treatment with bovhyaluronidase azoximer in patients with post-COVID syndrome showed improvement in FVC, pulse oximetry, functional exercise tolerance, and mMRC dyspnea.Copyright © Chuchalin A.G. et al., 2023.

15.
Clinical Immunology ; Conference: 2023 Clinical Immunology Society Annual Meeting: Immune Deficiency and Dysregulation North American Conference. St. Louis United States. 250(Supplement) (no pagination), 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20232246

ABSTRACT

Background: NFX1-type zinc finger-containing 1 (ZNFX1) is an interferon-stimulated double-stranded RNA sensor that restricts the replication of RNA viruses in mice. ZNFX1 deficiency in humans is very rare;to date, only fifteen cases have been reported by Vavassori S et al. (10.1016/j.jaci.2021.03.045). The disease presented in all cases as severe viral infections complicated by multisystem inflammation evolved to multiorgan failure with a high mortality rate. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology Section at Queen Rania Children's Hospital in Jordan had confirmed the diagnosis of ZNFX1 deficiency in an infant at his first presentation with severe viral illness based on the positive family history of one sibling death caused by complicated COVID-19 infection. Case presentation: A 12-month-old boy was born to consanguineous parents, full-term, with no NICU admission. He was doing well till the age of four months when he was admitted to the hospital with fever, hypoactivity, and maculopapular skin rash. On admission, he was ill, hypoactive, and febrile, and a physical exam showed hepatosplenomegaly and maculopapular skin rash. His lab showed thrombocytopenia, elevated transaminases, hyperferritinemia, and high CRP;he was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, but he continued to deteriorate, and his infectious workup was unrevealing, including COVID-19 PCR. His older sibling died at eight months in 2020 when she got a COVID-19 infection, deceased after rapid deterioration evolved to multiorgan failure. Unfortunately, she had no stored DNA, as she was treated at a peripheral hospital. Based on this presentation and the fatal COVID-19 infection, pediatric immunology service got consulted;we did an immunological workup, which showed normal lymphocyte subsets, Immunoglobulins, and bacterial antibodies. Whole exome sequencing showed a homozygous frameshift mutation in the ZNFX1 gene, protein change defect had detected;p.Tyr555MetfsTer6, and nucleotide change variant: c.1663_1665delTACinsAT. Family screening showed heterozygous for the same variant in both parents and a healthy sibling. The patient was diagnosed with the hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis-like disease and treated with steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, and antimicrobials, he showed complete recovery, and we are going to do bone marrow transplantation as his brother is 8/8 HLA matched.Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc.

16.
Heart Rhythm ; 20(5 Supplement):S682-S683, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2324391

ABSTRACT

Background: The infection caused by the SARS-CoV-2 continues affecting millions of people worldwide and vaccines to prevent the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) are considered the most promising approach for curbing the pandemic. Otherwise, cardiovascular and neurological complications associated with the vaccines were speculated and some few case reports were published. Objective(s): We describe a case of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) after viral vector COVID-19 vaccination and the possible autoimmune process of the syndrome. Method(s): A 35-year-old female, without previous symptoms or comorbidities, developed intermittent palpitation, intense fatigue and dyspnea, compromising her daily activities, triggered by upright position, seven days following the second dose of the Oxford vaccine. Physical examination was normal, except for a heart rate (HR) increase of 33 beats/min from supine to standing position, with no significant change in blood pressure and reproduction of symptoms. Result(s): A 24-hour Holter monitoring revealed episodes of spontaneous sinus tachycardia correlated with palpitation and fatigue. Extensive diagnostic investigations excluded primary cardiac, endocrine, infectious and rheumatologic etiologies. The patient underwent an autonomic function test which demonstrated normal baroreflex sensitivity, as well as normal cardiovagal and adrenergic scores. Head-up tilt test showed persistent orthostatic tachycardia (HR increase from a medium of 84 beats/min in supine position to 126 beats/min during upright tilt), without hypotension, consistent with the diagnostic criteria for POTS. According to the current guidelines, general behavior recommendations, pharmacotherapy with low dose of propranolol associated with the autonomic rehabilitation were oriented. Along three months of follow-up, the patient reported a gradually improvement in her symptoms. Conclusion(s): POTS is a heterogeneous disorder of the autonomic nervous system characterized by orthostatic tachycardia associated with symptoms of orthostatic intolerance. Although the physiopathology of COVID-19 vaccine and autonomic disorders remains speculative, autoimmune response is one of the possible mechanisms. Based on clinic presentation, the time frame of symptom onset is consistent with other well-known post-vaccination syndromes, which may be an indicator of an autoimmune process induced by immunization. Further studies are needed to assess causal relationship between immunization and autonomic dysfunction.Copyright © 2023

17.
American Journal of Gastroenterology ; 117(10 Supplement 2):S2025, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2324085

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Liver abscesses are caused by direct spread from peritonitis, biliary tract infection or via hematogenous seeding from a distant source. Most are polymicrobial, however Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae are the most common offending pathogens. Patients usually present with pain, fever, and clinical signs of infection. We describe a case of spontaneous liver abscess in a non-toxic patient that recurred 10 years after a previous abscess. Case Description/Methods: A 73-year-old-man with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, CAD status post CABG and PCI 3 years ago, and abdominal aortic aneurysm status post endovascular aneurysm repair presented with 2 weeks of dark urine. After receiving his COVID-19 booster and influenza vaccinations, he developed flu-like symptoms with a self-resolving fever of 101.8degreeF. He had dark amber urine without dysuria or hematuria. Later, he experienced generalized weakness and decreased oral intake. Outpatient labs showed elevated liver function tests, and he was told to present to the ED. On arrival, he was afebrile with stable vitals. Physical exam was unremarkable. Laboratory evaluation showed a hemoglobin of 11.7 g/dL, sodium of 133 mEq/L, creatinine of 1.4 mg/dL, aspartate aminotransferase of 117 U/L, alanine aminotransferase of 212 U/L, alkaline phosphatase of 825 U/L, total bilirubin of 4.1 mg/dL, and direct bilirubin of 2.1 mg/dL. Triple-phase CT showed a 2.8 cm mass in the right liver lobe with linear enhancement. Ultrasound showed mixed echogenicity measuring 3.6 x 2.9 x 3.3 cm in segment 8 of the liver. On further evaluation, patient had an E. coli abscess diagnosed 10 years prior, managed with antibiotics and drainage. At that time, the abscess was within the right inferior liver lobe, similar to his current abscess. LFTs downtrended. Abscess was aspirated, with culture growing oxidase negative, gramnegative rods, likely E. coli. Patient started on ceftriaxone and metronidazole, to undergo colonoscopy as an outpatient and rule out colonic bacterial translocation. Discussion(s): Pyogenic liver abscess can result in significant morbidity and mortality because of worsening infection and sepsis. Abscesses occur because of spread from adjacent infection or after recent surgeries. Recurrence is very rare. Here, we describe a very unusual case of a pyogenic liver abscess growing E. coli in a non-toxic patient, with the same location and causative organism as an abscess managed 10 years prior. (Figure Presented).

18.
Rheumatology (United Kingdom) ; 62(Supplement 2):ii133-ii134, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2323978

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims Adult-onset Still's disease is a systemic inflammatory disease of unknown aetiology. Post-COVID-19 vaccine adult-onset Still's disease has been reported and was associated with only mild myocarditis. Here we report the first case of adult-onset Still's disease after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination presenting with severe myocarditis with acute heart failure and cardiogenic shock. Methods We described the case history of the patient. Results A 72-year-old Chinese woman developed gradual onset of fever, shortness of breath, sore throat, generalised arthralgia, malaise and poor appetite 15 days after receiving the first dose of BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine. Physical examination revealed fever, bilateral ankle oedema and elevated jugular venous pressure. Significant investigation results are shown in Table 1. Extensive viral panel tests (including enterovirus, influenza and cytomegalovirus) were all negative. Echocardiography showed severely reduced left ventricular ejection fraction of 20%. The acute heart failure was complicated by cardiogenic shock requiring intensive care unit admission. Myocarditis was later diagnosed. Although the heart condition subsequently improved, there were persistent fever and arthralgia, as well as the development of generalised maculopapular skin rash. In view of that, series of investigations were performed, which revealed persistent neutrophilic leucocytosis, hyper-ferritinaemia and liver function derangement, while autoimmune panel was grossly unremarkable and septic/viral workup was negative (Table 1). Contrast PET-CT scan showed no features of malignancy. Adult-onset Still's disease was diagnosed, and the patient was treated with oral prednisolone 40mg daily. The patient's condition responded to the treatment;the fever subsided and the leucocyte count and inflammatory markers were normalised, and she was subsequently discharged. Three months after discharge, the patient was clinically well with prednisolone tapered down to 5mg daily. Reassessment echocardiogram showed full recovery with LVEF 60%. Conclusion Severe myocarditis with acute heart failure and cardiogenic shock is a possible initial presentation of adult-onset Still's disease after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination. After exclusion of more common aetiologies, it is important to consider adult-onset Still's disease as one of the differential diagnoses in the presence of compatible features following COVID-19 vaccination, such that appropriate and timely workup and treatment can be offered. (Table Presented).

19.
American Journal of Gastroenterology ; 117(10 Supplement 2):S1751, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2323417

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Splenic rupture is a potentially life-threatening condition often associated with trauma or viral infection. Most cases of splenic rupture are due to trauma, viral infection, lymphoproliferative disease, malaria, tick borne illness, splenic neoplasms, connective tissue disease, or in one case, sneezing. Spontaneous splenic rupture (SSR) is a rare condition with less than five cases reported. In this case, we present a 20-year-old male who was seen with abdominal pain who was found to have an SSR with no clear etiology. Case Description/Methods: A 20-year-old male with no relevant past medical history presented with abdominal pain that radiated to the left shoulder. The patient reported the pain began after an episode of emesis which occurred 12 hours prior to arrival. He reported experiencing shortness of breath and pain on inspiration. He denied any fall or trauma, recent travel or sick contacts, fevers, weight loss, or night sweats. His social history was significant for occasional marijuana use. Upon physical exam, the patient had diffuse abdominal tenderness most pronounced in the left upper quadrant without any palpable masses. Relevant labs included a hemoglobin of 12.2, WBC count within normal limits and unremarkable manual differential, and an INR of 1. Blood parasite, heterophile antibodies, COVID, influenza, CMV, and HIV were negative. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed hematoma at the splenic hilum. Interventional radiology was consulted and did not recommend intervention at time of initial presentation. Patient was admitted;his hemoglobin remained stable and he was monitored with serial abdominal exam then discharged the following day. Imaging was repeated one month later which revealed near complete resolution of hematoma. (Figure) Discussion: SSR should be considered on the differential diagnosis of physicians when encountering patients who present with LUQ pain with unclear etiology. The patient presented with the characteristic Kehr's sign (left diaphragmatic irritation resulting in referred pain to the left shoulder) but not the Ballance sign (palpable tender mass in the left upper quadrant). The incidence of SSR is estimated to be around 1 to 7% with a mortality rate of 12.2% so a broad differential for young patients presenting with abdominal pain must be entertained and should include splenic rupture as it is a potentially life-threatening condition.

20.
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine ; 33(3):e86-e87, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2323288

ABSTRACT

History: A 20 year old D1 men's basketball player with a history of COVID the month prior presented with worsening low back pain. He denied any injury, but reported the pain started as low back discomfort after a basketball game the week prior. He noted a progression and radiation of pain down his right lower extremity to his toes. He had tried physical therapy and dry needling, as well as cyclobenzaprine and naproxen from team physicians with mild improvement. The pain worsened and he went to the ED for evaluation. He was afebrile and had a lumbar radiograph with no acute fracture, grade 1 anterolisthesis of L5 on S1. He was discharged home with norco. Over the next 2 days, he developed chills and in the context of his worsening back pain, his team physicians ordered an MRI. Physical Exam: BMI 26.9 Temp 97.9degree Heart rate: 73 Respiratory rate 14 BP: 124/64 MSK: Spine- Intact skin with generalized pain over lumbar area, worse over the right paraspinal musculature. 5/5 strength of bilateral lower extremity flexion and extension of his hips, knees, and plantar and dorsiflexion of ankles and toes. Bilateral intact sensibility in the sciatic, femoral, superficial, and deep peroneal, sural, and saphenous nerve distributions. Slightly diminished sensibility over the right deep peroneal nerve distribution compared to left. 2/4 patellar and achilles DTRs. No clonus, downgoing Babinski sign. Positive straight leg raise at 45 degrees with the right lower extremity. Differential Diagnosis: 141. Sciatica 142. Lumbar Muscle Strain 143. Disk Herniation 144. Spondylolisthesis 145. Vertebral Osteomyelitis Test Results: CBC:WBC10, HGB13.2, neutrophils 75.7% (red 45%-74%). Unremarkable CMP. CRP =7.31, ESR 23 Blood culture negative, throat culture negative. TB test negative. COVID test negative. Flu test negative. Urine culture and UDS negative. HIV test negative. Procalcitonin of 0.07. IR guided aspiration and bacterial Culture yielded MSSA. MRI w/contrast: showing L1-L4 facet edema concerning for infectious spondylitis, intramuscular, and epidural abscess. Final Diagnosis: Acute intramuscular abscess, vertebral osteomyelitis, with epidural abscess. Discussion(s): Vertebral osteomyelitis is a serious but quite rare disease in the immunocompetent, elite athlete population. Staphylococcus Aureus is the culprit a majority of the time, with only 50% of cases showing neurologic symptoms. This case was unique given the proximity to a dry needling treatment which is the only explainable vector of infection, normal blood cultures in this disease which hematogenously spreads, negativeHIV and other infectious disease testing, and otherwise benign history. Early recognition of this disease yields better outcomes and reduces incidence of severe debility. 5% to 10%of patients experience recurrence of back pain or osteomyelitis later on in life. Outcome(s): Patient was hospitalized and started on Cefepime and Vancomycin. Had an echocardiogram revealing changes consistent with athlete's heart without signs of vegetation on his cardiac valves. Neurosurgery declined to treat surgically. He continued to improve until he was ultimately discharged on hospital day 4 with a picc line and Nafcillin and was later changed to oral augmentin per ID. Follow-Up: By his 6 week follow-up visit with infectious disease and the team physicians, his back pain had completely resolved and was cleared to start a return to play protocol. There was no progression of disease since starting antibiotics, and no recurrence of back pain since treatment.

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