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1.
Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality and Tourism ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2187522

ABSTRACT

Through the lens of the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, this study aimed to analyze how psychosocial safety climate and organizational justice were related to: (a) work engagement through positive psychological capital (PsyCap);and (b) affective commitment through work engagement, in a sample of 217 hospitality workers of the Algarve (Portugal). Using structural equation modeling (SEM), it was observed that PsyCap partially mediated the relationship between organizational justice and work engagement, and that work engagement partially mediated the association between psychosocial safety climate and organizational justice, and affective commitment. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed. © 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

2.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; 35(10):1137-1143, 2022.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2145247

ABSTRACT

To explore the influencing factors of perceived stress among frontline nurses during COVID-1 9, and the role of positive psychological capital in anxiety sensitivity and stress perception, so as to provide evidence for reducing the perceived stress of frontline nurses. From December 2021 to January 2022, 475 frontline nurses from 8 hospitals in X city were investigated by general data questionnaire, positive psychological capital, anxiety sensitivity index and perceived stress scale. The results showed that there were significant differences in nurses’ perceived stress in age, working years, professional title and salary. Perceived stress was positively correlated with anxiety sensitivity, negatively correlated with positive psychological capital, and anxiety sensitivity was negatively correlated with positive psychological capital. Anxiety sensitivity can not only directly predict perceived stress, but also negatively affect perceived stress through positive psychological capital. Therefore, during the epidemic prevention and control in COVID-1 9, nurses can obtain effective stress coping strategies by strengthening their positive psychological capital, thus reducing their anxiety and perceived stress, and better providing high-quality nursing services for patients. © 2022, Editorial department of Chinese Medical Ethics. All rights reserved.

3.
Journal of Tourism Futures ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2107774

ABSTRACT

Purpose The construct of psychological capital or PsyCap (consisting of the positive psychological resources of hope, self-efficacy, optimism and resilience) has been demonstrated to relate to employees' attitudinal and behavioral outcomes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of positive psychological capital on mental health, readiness for organizational change, and job insecurity in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected from 567 hotel employees working in hotels in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A quantitative approach was used and employees were requested to fill the questionnaires. Findings Results show that psychological capital enhances an employee's mental health and readiness for the organizational change. Moreover, PsyCap is found to negatively impact the perceptions of job insecurity among hotel employees. The study has useful managerial implications for hoteliers, especially, in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic. Originality/value This is the first study of its kind to link hotel employees' positive psychological capital with their perceptions about job insecurity and mental health. COVID-19 pandemic has hit the world fiercely and new normal expects employees to be ready to embrace changes in organizations. This study contributes to the literature on hospitality management by linking psychological capital with hotel employees' readiness for organizational change in the context of Coronavirus.

4.
Journal of Organizational Behavior Research ; 7(1):72-85, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1798534

ABSTRACT

This research is to determine whether positive psychological . capital has an effect on a perceived organizational support on work engagement. The study was designed with a quantitative research method and survey technique. The survey form created for the study was sent to the participants online. In this way, 314 surveys convenient for the analysis were obtained and the analyzes were carried out through these surveys A positive and moderate relationship was found among perceived organisational support and positive psychological capital A positive and moderate correlation was discovered between perceived organizational support and work engagement. Otherwise, a positive and high-level relation was found among positive psychological capital - and work engagement In addition, positive psychological capital was found to have a partial mediation effect between perceived organizational support with work engagement. The results from the study are limited to the sample group and the items given in the survey form. It is believed that the findings will contribute to the literature and guide the organization managers.

5.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(4)2022 Apr 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1776185

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effects of short-term exercise, within the natural environment or by applying similar visual stimulation, on concentration and positive psychological capital among Korean college students. Participants were 175 male college students-selected by non-probabilistic sampling-from the Korean National Police University in Asan-si, Republic of Korea, in March 2021. Participants were divided into three condition groups: the natural environmental exposure with outdoor exercise (n = 57), visual stimulation with indoor exercise (n = 58), and indoor exercise (control group; n = 60). The variables measured were concentration and positive psychological capital. Pre- and post-exercise data differences were analyzed using two-way (3 × 2) analysis of variance and Pearson's correlation analysis, and statistical significance was set at 0.05. The results revealed a significant main effect on concentration, with lower scores post-intervention indicating positive changes in all three groups. In addition, the scores for positive psychological capital sub-factors (self-efficacy, optimism, and hope), in the groups with the natural environmental exposure with outdoor exercise and visual stimulation with indoor exercise conditions, reflected higher positive change than the indoor exercise group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the Bonferroni post hoc test on this interaction effect revealed that the participant scores for the natural environmental exposure with outdoor exercise and visual stimulation with indoor exercise groups were positive after the exercise (p < 0.05). However, there was no interaction effect for the ego-resilience subscale (p > 0.05). Therefore, participating in short-term exercise while being exposed to a natural environment with healing characteristics or providing visual stimulation of a similar natural environment was found to positively impact the Korean college students' concentration and positive psychological capital's self-efficacy, optimism, and hope. Moreover, this particular intervention only affects subjective measures of well-being while not particularly influencing objective measures, such as cognitive functioning. We recommend implementing similar visual stimulation with indoor exercise for the current generation during the COVID-19 pandemic.

6.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-8, 2022 Feb 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1681868

ABSTRACT

The COVID 19 pandemic has challenged the humankind's livelihood, physical health, mental health, employment, and economy. Lockdowns, quarantines, online teaching, and learning have become new normal. Negativities have been spread across the globe and society by the pandemic. The negative effects caused a confused mindset, fear, anxiety, stress, and other psychological complications amongst the people especially among the Health Care Workers (HCWs), children, elderly people, and Frontline Workers (FLWs). This research work examines the levels of Occupational Stress (OS), and psychological well-being (PWB) of HCWs and police personnel during the pandemic and the relationship between OS and PWB. Further, the study analyzed the role of Positive Psychological Capital (PPC) as a mediator and Emotional Quotient (EQ) as a moderator in the relationship between OS and PWB. Positive Psychological Capital (PPC) characteristics of the respondents such as having faith in one's ability, and performance, willingness to succeed or attain the goals framed, ability to bounce back from the hard times, and their optimism about the future have helped them to tackle the stress caused by the pandemic and to maintain a better state of psychological wellbeing in the fight against the pandemic.

7.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; 36(2):179-184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | A9H | ID: covidwho-1649993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the related factors of subjective well-being among people in China during the regular prevention and control of COVID-19. Methods: From August 5 to August 11,2020,a total of 1556 people were investigated by using online platform. The Satisfaction with Life Scale(SWLS) and Positive and Negative Affect Scale(PANAS) were used to measure subjective well-being(SWB) of the general population. The Public Risk Perception Scale for Public Health Emergencies(PRPSPHE) was used to measure risk perception of COVID-19, the BDSST was used to measure daily hassles, the DASS was used to measure psychological symptom and the Psychological Capital Scale was used to measure psychological capital. A network analysis was conducted to analyze the correlations between these variables. Results: There was no significant correlation between SWB score and PRPSPHE score(r=-0.06,P>0.05).The SWB scores were negatively correlated with the BDSST scores(r=-0.37,P <0.05).Depression and Stress showed highest centrality(1.29 and 1.09 respectively), and psychological symptom showed highest predictability(0.69-0.72) in the network. Anxiety showed the highest expected influence(0.95), followed by self-efficacy(0.87) and stress(0.84). Conclusions: During the regular prevention and control of COVID-19,subjective well-being may not be related to risk perception of COVID-19, while negatively correlated with daily hassles and psychological symptom. Psychological capital may be a protective factor of subjective well-being. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] 目的:探讨新冠疫情防控常态化期间民众主观幸福感的相关因素。方法:2020年8月5-11日,采用在线平台对1556名民众进行调查,采用生活满意度量表和积极/消极情感量表评估主观幸福感(SWB),突发公共卫生事件风险认知量表评估对新冠疫情的风险认知,日常烦心事量表(BDSST)评估日常压力情况,抑郁焦虑和压力量表(DASS)评估各项心理症状,积极心理资本量表评估心理资本状况。使用网络分析方法分析变量间相关关系。结果:SWB得分与风险认知得分相关无统计学意义(r=-0.06,P>0.05),与BDSST得分呈负相关(r=-0.37,P <0.05)。抑郁得分和压力得分的强度中心性最高(1.29,1.09);DASS各子量表得分的可预测性最高(0.69~0.72);焦虑得分的预期影响最高(0.95),其次是自我效能得分(0.87)和压力得分(0.84)。结论:在新冠疫情防控常态化时期,民众主观幸福感与对疫情的风险认知无关,与日常烦心事和心理症状负相关;积极心理资本是主观幸福感的保护性因素。 (Chinese) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Chinese Mental Health Journal / Zhongguo Xinli Weisheng Zazhi is the property of Chinese Mental Health Journal and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

8.
Front Psychol ; 12: 743970, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1497150

ABSTRACT

Under the impact of COVID-19, the status and mechanisms of post-traumatic growth among medical workers facing challenges related to family-work conflict are of great concern. In view of the complex relationship between family-work conflict and post-traumatic growth, the present study sought to explore the specific relationships between family-work conflict and post-traumatic growth as well as the specific roles of positive psychological capital, perceived social support, and suppression. We recruited 1,347 participants. The results revealed that positive psychological capital and perceived social support played mediating roles, while suppression strategies moderated the mediating effect. Compared with the low suppression group, the negative impact of family-work conflict on positive psychological capital and perceived social support was reduced in the high suppression group. Thus, a higher level of suppression was more conducive to post-traumatic growth. The current study enriches and expands the findings of previous studies in theory and provides practical ways to promote post-traumatic growth in medical workers.

9.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 62: 121-128, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1373219

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated and compared the factors influencing parents' promotion of healthy behavior in young children according to their family cohesion level during the COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 432 parents of young children (ages 1-6) in six South Korean cities (320 and 112 from the high and low family cohesion groups, respectively). We collected data using self-report questionnaires on parents' health promotion behavior, stress, risk perception due to COVID-19, positive psychological capital, and family cohesion, and analyzed it using stepwise multiple regressions with the SPSS program. RESULTS: The factors influencing parents' health promotion behavior differed across the family cohesion groups. For the high group, family cohesion, positive psychological capital, gender, and stress significantly affected parents' health promotion behavior (adjusted R2 = 0.22, p < 0.001). Meanwhile, for the low group, positive psychological capital, gender, stress and parents' health status significantly affected parents' health promotion behavior (adjusted R2 = 0.19, p < 0.001). Thus, stress, positive psychological capital, and gender were common factors of parents' health promotion behavior overall, regardless of family cohesion. CONCLUSION: Our results are meaningful in finding that parents' health-related behaviors are not only affected by their individual factors, but also by family-related factors in the COVID-19 pandemic. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The study results may act as a base for improving family-centered intervention programs to promote healthy behaviors in both parents and young children based on personal and family cohesion factors.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Infant , Pandemics , Parents , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Front Psychol ; 12: 710266, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1325568

ABSTRACT

By incorporating the conservation of resource theory, this study examines how high-performance work practices (HPWPs) affect the employee's in-role performance (EIRP) and employee's task performance (ETP) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Furthermore, this study investigates how organization-based self-esteem (OBSE) and positive psychological capital (PPC) affect the relationship between HPWPs and outcomes of employees such as EIRP and ETP. A quantitative technique based on the survey method was used to gather the primary data of the investigation. Two hundred and eleven bank employees working in different banks of Punjab and Pakistan participated in the survey process. The PROCESS-macro was used to test the relationship among the study constructs. Our results supported all the study hypotheses, however positive psychological capital did not moderate the indirect effect of high performance work practices on employee's task performance via organization based self-esteem. This study is the earliest of its kind that focuses on HPWPs and outcomes of employees amid the COVID-19 pandemic in a developing country like Pakistan. The findings of this study provide practical implications in the post and continuing pandemic situation for organizations to human resource management to redesign workforce strategies to increase their contribution and responses to realize organizational priorities. Although researchers have explored the topic in different sectors, scant studies have investigated the potential impact, barriers, and enabling mechanisms that function as a catalyst in HPWPs during the pandemic situation.

11.
J Health Psychol ; 27(8): 1913-1925, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1207589

ABSTRACT

The new Coronavirus has impacted people's lifestyles, stress, and well-being. Thus, they need personal positive resources to help them during challenging circumstances. With this longitudinal study on 290 participants, we analyzed the relationship between psychological capital (PsyCap), measured at the beginning of the lockdown period and some indicators of mental health (depression, anxiety, satisfaction with life) measured after 2 months. Moreover, we examined whether stress (at Time 2) mediates the relationships. Following structural equation modeling (SEM) analyses, the results show that PsyCap has a significant positive effect on satisfaction with life and significant negative effects on depression and anxiety. Stress mediated all the relationships.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/psychology , Mental Health , Stress, Psychological , Anxiety/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Depression/epidemiology , Humans , Life Style , Longitudinal Studies , Pandemics
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