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1.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 2022 Nov 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2104051

ABSTRACT

Businesses are becoming more conscious of operational risk management practices due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, some firms practice risk management without fully comprehending how it might help them and their needs. As a result, companies that practice risk management without realizing it are being controlled by the discipline itself. The goal of this study is to look into the epistemic process of risk management practice in the workplace. This phenomenological study interviewed 39 risk management officers, executives, and employees. Data are thematically analyzed. This study discovered five epistemic processes of risk mapping using Foucault's governmentality paradigm. This phenomenological study, interestingly, revealed the black box of risk management practices, as well as the behavior of risk management officers, executives, and risk owners who preferred to monitor the compliance aspects of risk management practices rather than comprehend the capabilities of risk management that could be used within their strategic planning process. Unaware of this black box, organizational actors were blanketed by the organization's culture of fear, which created the impression that the authority was always watching every word said and every action taken. Practically, this study contributes an improved understanding of the real function of risk management that helps them justify the practice and reduce unnecessary fear. The paper concludes with limitations and research recommendations.

2.
Ain Shams Engineering Journal ; 14(1), 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2104393

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic was recognized as a worldwide epidemic and classed as a high risk in early 2020, affecting people's health, economies, and business sectors considerably. This pandemic has had an impact on people's lifestyles and work processes in a multitude of sectors. The construction industry is one such industry that has had a substantial influence on it. However, this influence needs to be measured in different areas. This study aims to measure the effects of the COVID-19 on the 7 core safety elements and their 24 procedures that are derived from the recommended practices for safety and health programs in construction that is issued by OSHA to see whether their priorities have been changed or not. The data were collected and then analyzed using Relative Importance Index (RII) to study the changes in their priorities;and using t-test to study the significance of the changes before and after COVID-19 pandemic.(c) 2022 THE AUTHORS. Published by Elsevier BV on behalf of Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

3.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2101705

ABSTRACT

Currently, there is minimal research regarding the impact of the current Covid-19 health crisis on Latinx immigrant families. This study explores overall parenting stress and parenting stress directly related to the current Covid-19 health crisis in Latinx immigrant mothers with children currently receiving mental health services. Additionally, it examines how Immigrant Latinx families are being impacted and their needs during the Covid-19 health crisis. Semi-structured interviews were conducted on twenty Latinx immigrant mothers currently experiencing parenting stress and have children currently receiving mental health services. Participant responses were considered using the Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis method. An analysis showed themes such as overall negative impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic, negative impact on mental/emotional health, and overall need during the Covid-19 Pandemic. The findings showed that Latinx immigrant families currently receiving mental health services experienced an overall negative impact on their lives. The principal findings also demonstrated that Latinx immigrant families' mental/ emotional health was negatively impacted and had significantly experienced higher levels of parenting stress. Findings further revealed a need for basic needs, more mental health support/ professional help, and school support to help address areas of impact in the lives of Latinx immigrant families. Clinical implications include providing culturally sensitive care to Latinx immigrant families and a better sense of how the Covid-19 health crisis affected Latinx families, including their overall experiences and needs related to the pandemic that mental health clinicians are serving. Further research is needed to study the experiences of all immigrant Latinx family members, Latinx immigrant families who only have one parent, Latinx immigrant mothers from various Latin American countries, and Latinx immigrant families with diverse acculturation levels and coping practices. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

4.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(21)2022 Nov 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099528

ABSTRACT

While the COVID-19 pandemic has created psychological distress in the general population and increased the need for psychological care, little research has been done on how mental health practitioners (MHP) have been affected by the pandemic, and these health professionals have received little attention from public authorities. In this article, we focus on psychologists and the impact that the pandemic has had on their mental health and practices by exploring the adaptive and innovative responses generated. This study is based on an online survey (including multiple choice questions, several validated scales, and eight free text items) completed by 187 psychologists (86% female) one year after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in Belgium (February-April 2021). Most participants considered that the crisis had an impact on their well-being and mental health. However, the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety was relatively low (17%; 12%). On the other hand, the majority of psychologists (72%) suffered from a medium level of burnout (BO), 7% suffered from a high level of BO, and only 21% had low levels of BO. Psychologists working in face-to-face settings had the highest scores on the "exhaustion" subscale of the BO, and those working primarily with patients in precarious situations had significantly higher scores of BO and exhaustion. Qualitative analysis of free text items showed that MHP were resilience and developed new frameworks and modes for proactive interventions in order to reach their patients, meet the psychological and social population's needs, and maintain their relationships with the network. In a crisis or pandemic context, public policies should take into account the psychological and social needs of the most socially precarious populations in reinforcing and supporting mental health professionals working in this sector.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Humans , Female , Male , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Mental Health , SARS-CoV-2 , Belgium/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Depression/epidemiology
5.
Mirovaya Ekonomika I Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya ; 66(7):5-14, 2022.
Article in Russian | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100641

ABSTRACT

"The article analyzes political, social, economic and cultural consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for French society. The national strategies of the state management of the sanitary crisis that have developed in the world are investigated: the strategy of ""zero tolerance to coronavirus"";the strategy of free circulation of the virus;the strategy determined by the formula ""stop and go"". France, like many other Western countries, chose the last one, which implied a combination of harsh measures (lockdown, self-isolation, mandatory vaccination, introduction of sanitary passes) with relaxation caused by the demands of business and society. The increased role of the State in the fight against the pandemic is revealed. The political context of the pandemic crisis settlement is revealed: centralization of power;tight control of the head of state over the activities of the Cabinet of Ministers;dominance of political power over the professional medical community;reduction of the parliament's role. It is shown that under conditions of the sanitary crisis, the process of informatization of production and services accelerated, significant shifts occurred in the labor market, and there was an increase in social and socio-spatial inequality. The problem of the middle class, which continues to fragment, is acute. The pandemic and especially the methods of combating it caused a protest in French society: the French did not just express disbelief in the effectiveness of the vaccine, with their speeches they demonstrated distrust of the authorities and state institutions. The pandemic has shown that France is in dire need of a new social compromise that would take into account not only the interests of global corporations, but also people who have remained beyond the threshold of the information economy. The issue of reviewing the lowest salaries and raising the status of a number of professions is acute."

6.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 6391-6403, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098931

ABSTRACT

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has had a significant impact on public health and the socioeconomic system. While governments established community-wide containment measures to prevent further transmission, the number of patients continued to increase. For a better COVID-19 outbreak response, there is a need to better understand communities' knowledge, attitudes and practices toward COVID-19. Objective: Our main objective is to describe knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward COVID-19 in a population under community-wide containment measures. Participants and Setting: Eligible participants affected by community-wide containment measures living in southern Thailand were included. A convenience sampling strategy was used to include the participants. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was used in this study. We developed an online self-administered Thai-language questionnaire that included the respondents' demographic profiles and questions regarding their knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward COVID-19. Piloting the questionnaire was performed in a small sample at Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat. Results: In total, 717 subjects were included in this study. Regarding the knowledge and practice assessments, most respondents knew about COVID-19 by browsing websites. The respondents were confident in their knowledge, understood the situation causing the COVID-19 outbreak and knew how to prevent it. However, there were still misunderstandings. Regarding the attitude assessment, only 56.4% (405/717) of the subjects scored greater than or equal to 80%. Conclusion: COVID-19 misunderstandings render disease outbreaks more difficult to control. These misunderstandings may result from outdated or inaccurate online information. It is essential to gain knowledge from a reliable source for proper understanding.

7.
J Pharm Policy Pract ; 15(1): 76, 2022 Oct 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess public opinion about community pharmacy services in Lebanon during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: A cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire was conducted between April and August of 2021. A link was shared randomly among the Lebanese population using WhatsApp and Facebook. Public perceptions were explored within 3 different indicators: general services (B) dispensing (C), and storage (D). Chi-square, Student's test and ANOVA tests were used. p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Out of 491 responses, only 9.6% scored above the 75th percentile (19.3% for the general services, 2.4% for dispensing indicator and 12.6% for storage indicator). The main concerns focused on lack of medication and reduced opening hours; however, 67.1% of respondents preferred consulting the community pharmacist instead of visiting primary health care centers, doctor's private clinic and hospitals. Higher mean values of indicators B, C and in the overall indicator were significantly found in the presence of a pharmacist compared to the support pharmacy workforce. CONCLUSION: The overall public perception was inadequate. Significant difference in terms of quality of services was detected in the presence and absence of a community pharmacist during the crisis. It is recommended that the Order of Pharmacist of Lebanon (OPL) and the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) undergo further steps mainly to enforce the laws concerning dispensing and storage indicators, improve the services in terms of extending the opening hours, ensure the availability of medicines and increase public awareness.

8.
Health Informatics J ; 28(4): 14604582221135431, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098247

ABSTRACT

This study assesses the perceived impact and benefits of Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes), a tele-mentoring intervention for health and social care providers, patients and the health system in Northern Ireland. Having access to a specialist, a space to share experiences, and being able to disseminate up-to-date best practice were all cited as improving provider knowledge as well as improving quality of care for patients. Healthcare providers reported being more confident in managing patients and that relationships had been improved between different levels of the health system. ECHO was described as improving access to education and training by removing geographic and time barriers. This is one of the first studies to qualitatively analyse impact across a number of different clinical and social care ECHO networks. The results strongly indicate the perceived benefit of ECHO in improving provider, patient and health system outcomes such as increased healthcare provider knowledge and confidence to manage patients at primary levels of the health system. This has implications for future service design, particularly within the context of COVID-19 in which virtual and online training is necessitated by social distancing requirements.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Northern Ireland , Community Health Services , Social Support , Health Personnel/education
9.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-24, 2022 Nov 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2096217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare food insecurity (FI) risk, and food-related COVID-19 infection risk perceptions, practices, and problems (3P) in Washington (WA), New York (NY) and Louisiana (LA). METHODS: Data from the RAPID Multi-Wave Risk Perception Study was collected via online surveys between 19 May to 14 July 2020 (N=1260). Multivariable-adjusted logistic and ordinal regressions were performed for odds of FI risk and 3P during these early months of the pandemic. RESULTS: The determinants of FI risk in all states included income, age, and employment. Some determinants were state-specific: households with members at high risk for COVID-19 (WA and NY), ethnicity (NY), education and relationship status (LA). The odds of FI risk were higher among those who perceived higher likelihood of COVID-19 infection via in-store shopping (OR=1.34, 95%CI: 1.06, 1.70), and improperly cooked food (OR=1.87, 95%CI: 1.46, 2.41). FI risk was associated with higher odds of problems related to food affordability (OR=10.66, 95%CI: 7.87, 14.44), preference (OR=2.51, 95%CI: 1.86, 3.39), sufficiency (OR=2.63, 95%CI: 1.96, 3.54), food sources (OR=7.68, 95%CI: 5.73, 10.31), food storage capacity (OR=0.48, 95%CI: 0.36, 0.66), and knowing where to find help in obtaining food (OR=7.68, 95%CI: 5.73, 10.31), most of which did not differ by state. No association was found between food insecurity risk and food-related practices. CONCLUSION: Better food preparedness is needed to reduce FI risk during pandemics in specific groups in WA, NY, and LA. Specifically, food affordability, sufficiency, storage, sources and increasing knowledge on food programs are limitations that need to be addressed for emergency situations.

10.
International Conference on Production and Operations Management, POMS 2021 ; 391:513-531, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2094334

ABSTRACT

In Peru, the traditional channel dominates with a 70% of market share;however, the modern channel and other organized retail chains (e.g., convenience stores) have been growing in recent years in the retail landscape. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic represented a new challenge for retailers due to the mobilization restrictions that affected consumption. Thus, the present work aims to describe the main characteristics of two nanostores from Ica, Peru, and capture the activities that compose their supply chain strategy. The applied methodology was adapted to the retail environment from a widely known procedure. We also supplemented it by adding a semi-structured interview based on qualitative semi-open questions to characterize processes, context and performance metrics. Finally, we added a 26-item questionnaire to score good business practices of the studied nanostores. This information allows us to visualize how these nanostores have adapted their business practices and operations after the pandemic and understand how nanostore owners manage their business. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

11.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 357, 2022 Apr 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089173

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is associated with increased risk for severe COVID-19. Few studies have examined knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) related to pregnancy during the pandemic. This study investigated the association between socio-demographic characteristics and KAP related to COVID-19 among pregnant women in an urban community in Thailand. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed among pregnant women in Bangkok, Thailand from July-August 2021. Binary logistic regression was conducted to test the association between socio-demographic characteristics and KAP related to COVID-19, and a Spearman's analysis tested correlations between KAP scores. RESULTS: A total of 150 pregnancy survey responses were received. Most participants were third trimester (27-40 weeks gestation; 68.0%). Pregnancy had never been risked contracting COVID-19 (84.7%). Most expressed concerns about being infected with COVID-19 during pregnancy and following birth (94.0 and 70.0%, respectively). The results of binary logistic regression analysis found associations between knowledge and marital status (OR = 4.983, 95%CI 1.894-13.107). In addition, having a bachelor's degree or higher was associated with higher attitude scores (OR = 2.733, 95%CI 1.045-7.149), as was being aged 26-30 (OR = 2.413 95%CI 0.882-6.602) and 31-35 years of age (OR = 2.518-2.664, 95%CI 0.841-8.442). Higher practice scores were associated with having a bachelor's degree or higher (OR = 2.285 95%CI 1.110-6.146), and income ≥15,001 bath (OR = 4.747 95%CI 1.588-14.192). Correlation analysis found a weak positive correlation between knowledge and practice scores (r = 0.210, p-value = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Participants overall had high KAP scores. This study can guide public health strategies regarding pregnant women and COVID-19. We recommend that interventions to improve and attitude and practice scores. Knowledge on pregnancy and COVID-19 should focus on reducing fear and improving attitudes toward the care of patients as well as the promotion of preventive practices.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , Parturition , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Surveys and Questionnaires , Thailand/epidemiology
12.
Health Soc Care Community ; 2022 Oct 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2088216

ABSTRACT

In recent years, Meals on Wheels (MoW) services have been in a state of decline as austerity policies have become entrenched. However, this decline is occurring with little knowledge of the impact withdrawal of MoW services has on the health and well-being of those who use them. The pandemic has raised awareness of precarity and vulnerability in relation to food that affects many people in the UK and other Westernised countries and this provides further context for the analysis presented. This paper presents findings of a mixed methods ethnographic study drawing on qualitative interviews and visual methods underpinned by social practice theory to explore the household food practices of older people receiving MoW services. Interviews were conducted with 14 older people receiving MoW, eight MoW staff delivering MoW services in the east of England and one expert. The Covid-19 pandemic interrupted the study, and once the first lockdown began visits to the homes of older people were terminated and the remaining interviews were undertaken by telephone. The study found that a number of threats accumulated to change food practices and moved people towards vulnerability to food insecurity. Threats included difficulty accessing food and cooking due to sensory and physical challenges. The MoW service increased participants' coping capacity. As well as benefiting from the food provided, the relational aspect of the service was important. Brief encounters between MoW staff built caring relationships that developed over time to ensure older people felt valued and cared for. The study demonstrates how MoW services make a positive contribution to food practices, supporting vulnerable adults to continue living well in their own homes and protecting them from food insecurity and ill-being. Local authorities looking to make cost savings through ending MoW services should consider the impact this would have on the well-being of older residents.

13.
Apuntes-Revista De Ciencias Sociales ; 49(92):5-32, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2083193

ABSTRACT

This paper is part of the international EduCovid19 project that seeks to describe teachers' perceptions of the impact of COVID-19 on their practices, as well as those of their students. In this context, this text focuses on making comparisons of teachers' perceptions on different variables and projecting their consequences on their teaching careers. A sample (N=541) of Chilean and Peruvian teachers of all educational levels participated in the study through a virtual structured questionnaire. The results show inequalities in the teaching practices of both countries based on significant differences linked to gender inequality, socioeconomic gaps, and the academic degree of the educators.

14.
Journal of Political Science Education ; : 1-12, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082879

ABSTRACT

The scholarship supports the effectiveness of high-impact practices (HIPs) to advance undergraduates' political knowledge and engagement. A line of inquiry asks which type of HIPs is the most effective, especially for core (required) courses with students from a variety of degree programs. In 2022, many students are from Generation Z, born between 1995 and 2000. Surveys of this generation find distinct learning preferences and a lack of political efficacy (or a limited sense of government responsiveness). Core government courses provide a means to address learning preferences with HIPs, as well as increase political knowledge and a sense of efficacy. Initially, a quasi-research project interrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic, this exploratory study compares two HIPs-embedded service learning and Town Hall Meeting model-and political efficacy measures of students across time and type of class. A significant body of work is devoted to service learning but scholarly investigations of the Town Hall Model are more limited. Comparing two HIPs and applying a political efficacy measure offers a guide for future research and contributes to scholarly conversations regarding the most effective teaching strategies for undergraduate students taking core government courses.

15.
Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal ; 7(21):153-164, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082450

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Child hunger commonly occurs in families with household food insecurity when mothers fail to continue breastfeeding due to stress and inability to produce sufficient breastmilk. This study aimed to investigate the association of breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) with food insecurity during the pandemic of COVID-19. Method: An online self-administered questionnaire related to the study was used to obtain data from 444 Malaysian Result: Findings showed that majority of the mothers have moderate to good knowledge, attitude and practices in breastfeeding. However, food insecurity and child hunger still occur. Conclusion: These findings may be helpful for healthcare professionals in developing effective strategies for continuation of breastfeeding during the pandemic.

16.
Indian J Dent Res ; 33(2): 130-134, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080639

ABSTRACT

Aim: : To evaluate knowledge, attitude and practices among sanitation workers regarding SARS-CoV-2 prevention during hospital waste management. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 426 sanitation workers using an interviewer-administered questionnaire to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of the study participants. The unpaired t-test and Spearman's correlation were used to find the mean difference and correlation among different study variables. Statistical significance was set at 5% (confidence interval 95%). Results: The mean knowledge score of the participants was found to be 7.15 ± 2.02. About 93.7% of the participants had good knowledge about COVID-19. About 64.3% of the participants strongly agreed that COVID-19 is a life-threatening disease. Regarding practices, a majority reported (69.7%) that they washed hands frequently using water and soap. A significant positive correlation was found between knowledge, attitude, practices and education, indicating a favourable work environment in hospital settings. Conclusion: More than half of the sanitation workers and housekeeping staff had adequate knowledge of COVID-19, and their attitudes were found to be favourable. They also had satisfactory practices, which may be a result of the prompt training and sensitization of sanitation workers by the authorities. Clinical Relevance: Sanitation workers come under the essential services category and their knowledge, attitude and practices needed to be assessed and updated in the concerned area for their protection and better management of biomedical waste, especially in the current pandemic situation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel , Humans , Sanitation , Soaps , Surveys and Questionnaires , Water
17.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071445

ABSTRACT

Identifying determinants of COVID-19 vaccine uptake is essential for developing effective strategies for promoting vaccination. This longitudinal study aimed to explore predictors of actual COVID-19 vaccine uptake in workers involved in essential services during the first lockdown period in the Prato Province (Italy). All essential workers were invited and surveyed before COVID-19 vaccine approval (96.5% participation rate). Participants were followed up to evaluate their actual COVID-19 vaccination uptake using the vaccination register. Multinomial models were performed to assess predictors of delayed vaccination or non-vaccination. A total of 691 participants were included, of whom 21.7% had delayed the vaccination and 4.4% were unvaccinated. Participants with a sufficient level of health literacy were 50.2% in the vaccinated-on-time group and 32.3% in the unvaccinated group. The multinomial model predictors of delayed vaccination were work type (OR = 0.51), age between 50 and 59 years (OR = 1.82), and influenza vaccination uptake in the last season (OR = 2.51). Predictors of being unvaccinated were work type (OR = 0.33) and attitudes related to attributing less importance to COVID-19 preventive measures (OR = 0.47). Findings showed distinct predictors for COVID-19 vaccination delay and for being unvaccinated. Being unvaccinated seems to be associated with a general skepticism toward prevention measures.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Influenza Vaccines , Influenza, Human , Humans , Middle Aged , Influenza Vaccines/therapeutic use , COVID-19 Vaccines , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Longitudinal Studies , Communicable Disease Control
18.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071405

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As Japan undergoes population aging, nursing care workers play an important role in supporting older adults in the community, which has been particularly critical during COVID-19 pandemic. However, the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) among nursing care workers regarding COVID-19 have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in June 2020 among 481 nursing care workers in the nursing care facilities in Aichi, Japan. We assessed COVID-19-related KAP scores of nursing care workers, and compared them by age, sex, and years of experience. RESULTS: A total of 481 nursing care workers responded to the survey. Out of a maximum of 10 points, the mean (standard deviations) knowledge, attitude, and practice scores were 6.86 (1.45), 7.11 (1.42), and 7.40 (1.89), respectively. Comparisons between the KAP scores revealed significantly higher knowledge scores among older workers (p < 0.001) and significantly higher knowledge scores (p = 0.002) and practice scores (p = 0.033) among workers with more than 20 years of working experience. CONCLUSIONS: The findings revealed that older age and a longer duration of experience were associated with higher COVID-19-related knowledge and practice scores. To better support older adults, it is essential to improve the education system for care workers and to provide environments for delivering necessary information rapidly.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Japan/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
International Journal of Healthcare Management ; : 1-11, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070043

ABSTRACT

The viral pandemic has placed an extraordinary and sustained demand on complex health systems. Its complexity is increased by the fact that the health systems cannot be instantly enhanced by simply increasing input. Therefore, this paper aims to evaluate the efficiency of health systems across the world to identify relatively efficient countries and the best practices instrumental in achieving this efficiency. The Study resorts to data envelopment analysis (DEA) for measuring efficiency. Given the assumptions of DEA and undesirable output, the study groups the countries into four clusters based on the percentage of infected people. Further, four models were developed in each group to evaluate the efficiency of health systems. The study found sixteen relatively efficient countries (five from Asia, two from Europe, five from Africa, two from North America, and two from South America). Besides, the study has highlighted certain exciting practices of the relatively efficient countries.

20.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:499-507, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072523

ABSTRACT

After the successful combat with the first covid wave in the country, Mutation created havoc in India. This was addressed to poor social habits and irresponsible covid behavior in the community and lack of awareness. Many studies during and after the pandemic assessed the preventive health and hygiene practices of Health Care and front-line workers and reported substandard and suboptimal practices regarding various subsections, but only a few studies investigated the practices of the conununity, and no study addressed the preventive practices of factory workers and labors. This study assessed the health and hygiene practices of Chittaranjan Locomotive Workers, India, the world's most productive locomotives. A pre-validated questionnaire consisting of 21 items incorporating various subsections including hand hygiene, social distancing, mask, gadgets/fomites, and lifestyle was used for the study. The findings of the study unfold some suboptimal practices regarding hand hygiene, social distancing while working, repeatedly touching, and inappropriate disposal of masks, which could lead to widespread infections, and families of workers were found to be at greater risk. However, in most of the areas workers were aware and cautious but constant vigilance and heightened self-awareness can result in better prevention from infections. The study will contributeto policy framing and program building in times of health emergencies and also will strengthen the health practices of workers who are most vulnerable to infections.

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