Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.238
Filter
Add filters

Year range
1.
Psychiatry Research Communications ; JOUR: 100082,
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2105771

ABSTRACT

This systematic review aims to take China as an example to determine the prevalence of mental health problems and associated influential factors of college students in different stages of the COVID-19 pandemic and provide a reference for effective intervention in the future. A systematic search was conducted on PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct, and Google scholar. A total of 30 articles were included. 1,477,923 Chinese college students were surveyed. In the early stage, the prevalence rates of depression, anxiety, stress, and PTSD ranged from 9.0% to 65.2%, 6.88%–41.1%, 8.53%–67.05%, and 2.7%–30.8%, respectively. Major risk factors were being a female, a medical student, isolation or quarantine, having family members or friends infected with COVID-19, and challenges of online learning. During the normalization stage, depression, anxiety, and insomnia prevalence rates ranged from 8.7% to 50.2%, 4.2%–34.6%, and 6.1%–35.0%, respectively. The main risk factors were self-quarantined after school reopening, regular taking temperature, and wearing face masks. The prevalence rates of mental health problems and associated influential factors unveiled in both stages showed that the students' mental health status was greatly affected. Therefore, a combination of efforts from the government, universities, and families or communities is highly needed to alleviate the mental health sufferings of students.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 2): 159358, 2022 Oct 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2105900

ABSTRACT

Wastewater-based epidemiology provides a conceptual framework for the evaluation of the prevalence of public health related biomarkers. In the context of the Coronavirus disease-2019, wastewater monitoring emerged as a complementary tool for epidemic management. In this study, we evaluated data from six wastewater treatment plants in the region of Saxony, Germany. The study period lasted from February to December 2021 and covered the third and fourth regional epidemic waves. We collected 1065 daily composite samples and analyzed SARS-CoV-2 RNA concentrations using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Regression models quantify the relation between RNA concentrations and disease prevalence. We demonstrated that the relation is site and time specific. Median loads per diagnosed case differed by a factor of 3-4 among sites during both waves and were on average 45 % higher during the third wave. In most cases, log-log-transformed data achieved better regression performance than non-transformed data and local calibration outperformed global models for all sites. The inclusion of lag/lead time, discharge and detection probability improved model performance in all cases significantly, but the importance of these components was also site and time specific. In all cases, models with lag/lead time and log-log-transformed data obtained satisfactory goodness-of-fit with adjusted coefficients of determination higher than 0.5. Back-estimation of testing efficiency from wastewater data confirmed state-wide prevalence estimation from individual testing statistics, but revealed pronounced differences throughout the epidemic waves and among the different sites.

3.
Cardiovascular Disease in Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations, 2 Edition ; CHAP: 1-11,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2102083
4.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 2022 Nov 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2095540

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The global epidemiology of asthma among COVID-19 patients presents striking geographic differences defining high and low [asthma and COVID-19] co-occurrence prevalence zones. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare asthma prevalence among hospitalized COVID-19 patients in major global hubs across the world with the application of common inclusion criteria and definitions. METHODS: We built a network of six academic hospitals in Stanford (Stanford University)/USA, Frankfurt (Goethe University), Giessen (Justus Liebig University) and Marburg (Philipps University)/Germany, and Moscow (Clinical Hospital 52 in collaboration with Sechenov University)/Russia. We collected clinical and laboratory data for patients hospitalized due to COVID-19. RESULTS: Asthmatics were overrepresented among hospitalized COVID-19 patients in Stanford and underrepresented in Moscow and Germany as compared to the prevalence among adults in the local community. Asthma prevalence was similar among ICU and hospital non-ICU patients, which implied that the risk for developing severe COVID-19 was not higher among asthmatics. The number of males and comorbidities was higher among COVID-19 patients in the Stanford cohort, and the most frequent comorbidities among these asthma patients were other chronic inflammatory airway disorders such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). CONCLUSION: Observed disparity in COVID-19-associated risk among asthmatics across countries and continents is connected to varying prevalence of underlying comorbidities, particularly COPD. CLINICAL IMPLICATION: Public health policies in the future will need to consider comorbidities with an emphasis on COPD for prioritization of vaccination and preemptive treatment.

5.
Health SA ; 27: 1950, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2090516

ABSTRACT

Background: Vaccine hesitancy has seen an uprising over the decades, even though there have been many advances regarding vaccine-preventable diseases. Of late, vaccine hesitancy has resurged towards the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine. The SARS-CoV-2 virus has major effects on the human body and has led to the development of different vaccines, which have been shown to provide immunity against the novel coronavirus. Dentists are at an increased risk to COVID-19 because of the nature of their work. It is imperative to have high vaccination coverage for this group. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine vaccine hesitancy and drivers associated with vaccine hesitancy among dental students at a university in South Africa. Setting: A dental school in South Africa was chosen as the setting for this study. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted by means of an anonymous, online, validated questionnaire to determine vaccine hesitancy. Results: Of the 205 dental students participated, 83.9% (n = 172) students were vaccine not hesitant. The main concerns regarding the vaccines were identified as safety and efficacy of the vaccine. Pressure by family or friends and the university to get vaccinated was evident. Conclusions: Vaccine hesitancy is high despite mandatory vaccination policies in South Africa. Specific drivers contributing to vaccine hesitancy were identified as doubt in the efficacy and safety of the vaccine. Contribution: This study has highlighted the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy among dental students at University of the Western Cape, prior to compulsory vacccination implementations.

6.
Ir J Psychol Med ; : 1-12, 2022 Oct 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2087072

ABSTRACT

Referrals to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) have increased in recent years. Services are already under-resourced and the adverse psychological impact of Covid-19 is likely to increase demand. Accordingly, an understanding of prevalence of mental health (MH) disorders among youth is imperative to help inform and plan services. AIM: To establish prevalence of MH disorders among youth (under 18) in Ireland. METHOD: A systematic review using pre-defined search terms in PubMed, PsycInfo, Embase and CINAHL was conducted. Empirical studies conducted in Ireland, in youth and focusing on MH disorders were included. RESULTS: From a total of 830 papers identified, 38 papers met inclusion criteria. Significant variation in rates of MH disorders was evident based on study methodology. Screening questionnaires for general psychopathology reported rates of 4.8-17.8% scoring above clinical cut-offs, with higher rates for ADHD (7.3%). Studies examining depression ranged from 4% to 20.8%, while rates for 'current' MH disorder, determined by semi-structured interview, were 15.5%, while 'lifetime' rates varied from 19.9% to 31.2%. Fewer than half (44%) of those identified as 'in need' of specialist MH services were accessing CAMHS. CONCLUSION: Data on MH disorders among Irish youth is limited, and studies showed significant variance in rates, making service planning difficult. There is an urgent need for serial epidemiological surveys, with clear operational criteria for clinically impairing MH difficulties. Such studies are essential to understand potential demand and service planning. This is most urgent given the expected increased demand post Covid-19.

7.
Prev Vet Med ; 209: 105792, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2086629

ABSTRACT

Canine enteric coronavirus (CCoV) is a pathogenic virus that infects dogs worldwide, causing enteric issues and causing harm to the dog industry and dogs. Although CCoV is not recognized as a highly lethal canine intestinal pathogen, it has been reported that CCoV is significantly associated with canine diarrhea in dogs. CCoV is a common health problem in dogs, attracting major concern from veterinarians and dog owners across China. In this study, we summarized the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of CCoV in dogs in mainland China. The study revealed that the pooled prevalence of CCoV infection was 33%, and which associated with age, but not with sex, season and immunization status. In addition, the study also further suggested that CCoV-II was the predominant CCoV subtype in Chinese dogs. This study will provide valuable information for CCoV infections across China and other countries. Furthermore, this study also suggested that continuous surveillance and epidemiological studies of CCoV are necessary.

8.
Indian J Tuberc ; 69 Suppl 2: S264-S266, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2086306

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) are worldwide health burdens post-COVID-19. TB is the second-leading cause of death by a single infectious microbe. There is much evidence around the world about the responsibility of TB-DM co-morbidity. Both TB and DM prevalence is high in low- and middle-income countries. Especially the elderly with diabetes are more prone to TB infection due to compromised immune systems. Diabetic patients are three times as likely to develop tuberculosis as non-diabetic patients. DM interferes with the status of TB and leads to undesirable outcomes in the treatment of TB. This may later lead to the development of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The coexistence of TB and DM leads to a high mortality rate and therefore becomes an enormous challenge for the medical field. This viewpoint includes the most current information about TB and DM, disease complications, treatment strategies, challenges to be faced in disease management and the importance of TB-DM bidirectional screening in older adults, which helps in early detection and better treatment programme.

9.
Infection ; 2022 Oct 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2085617

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We hypothesized that SARS-CoV-2 infection numbers reported by governmental institutions are underestimated due to high dark figures as only results from polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests are incorporated in governmental statistics and testing capacities were further restricted as of July, 2022. METHODS: A point prevalence investigation was piloted by rapid antigen testing (RAT) among participants of the VACCELERATE volunteer registry. 2400 volunteers were contacted, of which 500 received a RAT including instructions for self-testing in the first week of July, 2022. Results were self-reported via e-mail. RESULTS: 419 valid RAT results were collected until July 7th, 2022. Between July-1 and July-7, 2022, 7/419 (1.67%) tests were positive. Compared to reports of the German Federal Government, our results suggest a more than twofold higher prevalence. Three out of seven positive individuals did not have a PCR test and are therefore likely not to be displayed in governmental statistics. CONCLUSION: Our findings imply that the actual prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 may be higher than detected by current surveillance systems, so that current pandemic surveillance and testing strategies may be adapted.

10.
Canadian Liver Journal ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082440

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects approximately 204,000 Canadians. Safe and effective direct-acting antiviral therapies have contributed to decreased rates of chronic HCV infection and increased treatment uptake in Canada, but major challenges for HCV elimination remain. The 11th Canadian Symposium on Hepatitis C Virus took place in Ottawa, Ontario on May 13, 2022 as a hybrid conference themed 'Getting back on track towards hepatitis C elimination.' It brought together research scientists, clinicians, community health workers, patient advocates, community members, and public health officials to discuss priorities for HCV elimination in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, which had devastating effects on HCV care in Canada, particularly on priority populations. Plenary sessions showcased topical research from prominent international and national researchers, complemented by select presentations. This event was hosted by the Canadian Network on Hepatitis C (CanHepC), with support from the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and in partnership with the Canadian Liver Meeting. CanHepC has an established record in HCV research and in advocacy activities to address improved diagnosis and treatment, and immediate and long-term needs of those affected by HCV infection. The Symposium addressed the remaining challenges and barriers to HCV elimination in priority populations and principles for meaningful engagement of Indigenous communities and individuals with living and lived experience in HCV research. It emphasized the need for disaggregated data and simplified pathways for creating and monitoring interventions for equitably achieving elimination targets.

11.
Lancet Hiv ; JOUR(7):E506-E516, 9.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2081748

ABSTRACT

The Middle East and north Africa is one of only two world regions where HIV incidence is on the rise, with most infections occurring among key populations: people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, and female sex workers. In this Review, we show a trend of increasing HIV prevalence among the three key populations in the Middle East and north Africa. Although the epidemic continues at a low level in some countries or localities within a country, there is evidence for concentrated epidemics, with sustained transmission at considerable HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs and men who have sex with men in over half of countries in the region with data, and among female sex workers in several countries. Most epidemics emerged around 2003 or thereafter. The status of the epidemic among key populations remains unknown in several countries due to persistent data gaps. The HIV response in Middle East and north Africa remains far below global targets for prevention, testing, and treatment. It is hindered by underfunding, poor surveillance, and stigma, all of which are compounded by widespread conflict and humanitarian crises, and most recently, the advent of COVID-19. Investment is needed to put the region on track towards the target of eliminating HIV/AIDS as a global health threat by 2030. Reaching this target will not be possible without tailoring the response to the needs of key populations, while addressing, to the extent possible, the complex structural and operational barriers to success.

12.
Revista Medica De Rosario ; JOUR(1):7-15, 88.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2081725

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Mental health is a priority public health problem, with medical students being a group susceptible of suffering from mental disorders. Objective: To determine the association between, on the one hand, the presence of depression, stress and/or suicidal ideation and, on the other, the academic performance of medical students from a Peruvian university in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional, analytical and prospective study carried out in 241 students from 1st to 6th year of medicine. Data collection was carried out between March and May 2021. The presence and levels of stress, depression and risk of suicidal ideation were determined using the Perceived Stress Scale-14 (EEP-14), the Zung Scale for Depression (EZ-D) and the Beck Suicidal Ideation Scale (ISB), respectively;on the other hand, academic performance was evaluated with the Reyes Murillo learning assessment scale. A bivariate analysis was performed using the chi square test (significance level of p<0.05) to establish the association between the study variables. Results: Most of the students had an average academic performance (70.12%). The prevalence of depression, stress, and suicidal ideation was 33.61%, 94.19%, and 88.79%, respectively. Academic performance was significantly associated with the presence of depression (p=0.018), but not with the presence of stress (p=0.669), or risk of suicidal ideation (p=0.438). Conclusions: Only depression was significantly associated with academic performance, although its prevalence was much lower than stress or suicidal ideation, so it is necessary for the university to implement strategies aimed at improving the mental health of this population;this will not only improve its quality of life, but also its academic performance.

13.
Public Health ; 212: 89-94, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2083041

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to clarify the level and the correlates of climate anxiety in Germany. STUDY DESIGN: This was a quota-based online survey. METHODS: We used data collected in mid-March 2022 from a sample of the general adult population (n = 3091 individuals aged 18-74 years; March 2022). Climate anxiety was quantified using the Climate Anxiety Scale (ranging from 1 to 7, with higher scores corresponding to higher levels of climate anxiety). RESULTS: The average level of climate anxiety in Germany was 2.0 (standard deviation [SD]: 1.2). It differed between subgroups (e.g. individuals aged 18-29 years: 2.4, SD: 1.3; individuals aged 65-74 years: 1.8, SD: 1.0). Log-linear regressions showed that climate anxiety was higher among younger individuals (ß = -0.005, P < .001), full-time employed individuals (compared with retired individuals, ß = 0.07, P < .01), individuals without chronic conditions (compared with individuals with at least one chronic conditions, ß = -0.08, P < .001), individuals already vaccinated against COVID-19 (compared with individuals not vaccinated against COVID-19, ß = 0.10, P < .001), individuals with higher levels of coronavirus anxiety (ß = 0.06, P < .001), and individuals with greater fear of a conventional war (ß = 0.09, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed a rather low level of climate anxiety. It also revealed some correlates of greater climate anxiety such as higher levels of coronavirus anxiety or greater fear of war. Knowledge about the correlates may assist in addressing individuals at risk for high levels of climate anxiety.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety Disorders , Germany/epidemiology , Chronic Disease
14.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 2022 Oct 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2082465

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Several cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and sequelae have been associated with COVID-19. Little is known about the distribution of CVD conditions in COVID-19 related deaths in the US population. METHODS: The public-use dataset by CDC, "Conditions Contributing to COVID-19 Deaths, by State and Age, Provisional 2020-2021", was abstracted as of August 1, 2021. A descriptive analysis was conducted to explore the overall and age-specific prevalence of various CVD and risk factors grouped by pre-specified ICD-10 codes amongst COVID-19 patient deaths. Respective trends over the duration of the pandemic were analyzed using the Mann-Kendall method, including time-periods before and after the introduction of vaccines in January 2021. All time-related analysis was conducted between March 2020 and June 2021. RESULTS: A total of 600,241 COVID-19 related deaths were reported between March 2020 and June 2021. Hypertensive diseases were the most prevalent (19.6%), followed by diabetes (15.9%), ischemic heart disease (IHD;10.9%), heart failure (7.7%), cardiac arrhythmias (7.5%), other diseases of the circulatory system (6.6%), cerebrovascular diseases (5%), and obesity (4.1%). While a significant downward trend was noted for hypertensive diseases over the course of the pandemic, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure (HF), obesity, and other circulatory system diseases demonstrated a significant upward trend. Since the introduction of vaccines, the trends for heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias remained steady while having demonstrated a significant rise in the pre-vaccination time-period. While obesity and other diseases of the circulatory system predominated (>50%) amongst the CVD burden in the younger population (0-24 years and 25-34 years), the percentage occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias, hypertensive diseases, HF, and IHD increased with age. CONCLUSION: Hypertensive diseases, diabetes, and IHD were the most prevalent cardiovascular conditions amongst COVID-19 related deaths. These patterns varied by age. While the trend for hypertensive diseases declined over the course of the pandemic, cardiac arrhythmias, HF, obesity, and other diseases of the circulatory system demonstrated an upward trend. An important limitation is the source of the data being limited to death certificates.

15.
Embase; 25.
Preprint in English | EMBASE | ID: ppcovidwho-346621

ABSTRACT

Background: Since the first year of the COVID-19 global pandemic, a hypothesis concerning the possible protection/immunity of beta-thalassemia carriers remains in abeyance. Method(s): Three databases (Pubmed Central, Scopus and Google Scholar) were screened and checked in order to extract all studies about incidence of confirmed COVID-19 cases OR mortality rate OR severity assessment OR ICU admission among patients with beta-thalassemia minor, were included in this analysis. The language was limited to English. Studies such as case reports, review studies, and studies that did not have complete data for calculating incidences were excluded. Results and discussion: Three studies upon 2265 were selected. According to our systematic-review meta-analysis, beta-thalassemia carriers could be less COVID-19 affected than general population [IRR= 0.9250(0.5752;1.4877)], affected by COVID-19 with a worst severity [OR=1.5933(0.4884;5.1981)], less admissible into ICU [IRR=0.3620(0.0025;51.6821)] and more susceptible to die from COVID-19 or one of its consequences [IRR=1.8542(0.7819;4.3970)]. However, all of those results stay insignificant with a bad p-value (respectively 0.7479, 0.4400, 0.6881, 0.1610). Other large case-control or registry studies are needed to confirm these trends. Copyright The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted medRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY 4.0 International license.

16.
Embase; 23.
Preprint in English | EMBASE | ID: ppcovidwho-346595

ABSTRACT

The first step in SARS-CoV-2 genomic surveillance is testing to identify infected people. However, global testing rates are falling as we emerge from the acute health emergency and remain low in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (mean = 27 tests/100,000 people/day). We simulated COVID-19 epidemics in a prototypical LMIC to investigate how testing rates, sampling strategies, and sequencing proportions jointly impact surveillance outcomes and showed that low testing rates and spatiotemporal biases delay time-to-detection of new variants by weeks-to-months and can lead to unreliable estimates of variant prevalence even when the proportion of samples sequenced is increased. Accordingly, investments in wider access to diagnostics to support testing rates of ~100 tests/100,000 people/day could enable more timely detection of new variants and reliable estimates of variant prevalence. The performance of global SARS-CoV-2 genomic surveillance programs is fundamentally limited by access to diagnostic testing. Copyright The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted medRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.

17.
Embase; 24.
Preprint in English | EMBASE | ID: ppcovidwho-346564

ABSTRACT

Introduction Some reports have suggested that as many as one-half of all hospital inpatients identified as COVID-19-positive during the Omicron BA.1 variant-driven wave were incidental cases admitted primarily for reasons other than their viral infections. To date, however, there are no prospective longitudinal studies of a representative panel of hospitals based on pre-established criteria for determining whether a patient was in fact admitted as a result of the disease. Materials and Methods To fill this gap, we developed a formula to estimate the fraction of incidental COVID-19 hospitalizations that relies upon measurable, population-based parameters. We applied our approach to a longitudinal panel of 164 counties throughout the United States, covering a 4-week interval ending in the first week of January 2022. Results Within this panel, we estimated that COVID-19 incidence was rising exponentially at a rate of 9.34% per day (95% CI, 8.93-9.87). Assuming that only one-quarter of all Omicron BA.1 infections had been reported by public authorities, we further estimated the aggregate prevalence of active SARS-CoV-2 infection during the first week of January to be 4.89%. During the same week, among 250 high-COVID-volume hospitals within our 164-county panel, an estimated 1 in 4 inpatients was COVID-positive. Based upon these estimates, we computed that 15.2% of such COVID-19-positive hospitalized patients were incidental infections. Across individual counties, the median fraction of incidental COVID-19 hospitalizations was 13.7%, with an interquartile range of 9.5 to 18.4%. Conclusion Incidental COVID-19 infections appear to have been a nontrivial fraction of all COVID-19positive hospitalized patients during the Omicron BA.1 wave. In the aggregate, however, the burden of patients admitted for complications of their viral infections was far greater. Copyright The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted medRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY-ND 4.0 International license.

18.
SSRN;
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-346143

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertension (HTN) has become a key public health problem and a vital reason of mortality and morbidity in developing countries like Bangladesh. The COVID-19 pandemic has induced chronic stress among a significant number of people all over the world;Bangladesh is not an exception in this case. So, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of hypertension and its related risk factors during the COVID-19 pandemic within the capital of Bangladesh.Study designA cross-sectional study. Methods: This study has used a multistage random sampling technique to select 305 individuals for conducting this study. Data on personal information, socio-demographic information, anthropometric information, dietary information, lifestyle, and blood pressure were collected through a close-ended questionnaire. Data were analyzed through the use of SPSS version 22 software. Findings: Among the study subjects, about 34.4% prevalence of HTN was identified. Out of 105 hypertensive respondents, 65% of them were newly diagnosed during this study and 11 respondents did not take any medications for hypertension that were pre-diagnosed with hypertension. In this study, we noticed a significant (P<0.001) prevalence of HTN among individuals who used to take inadequate fruits (OR=3.129, 95% CI=1.912-5.122,χ2=21.328), insufficient vegetables (OR=2.199, 95% CI= 1.356-3.565, χ2=10.373), more fatty foods (OR=2.387, 95% CI=1.465-3.890,χ2=12.454) and extra salt intake (OR=2.771, 95% CI=1.677-4.579,χ2=16.310). Moreover, among the overweight (46.70%) and at-risk (22.90%) respondents the prevalence of HTN was higher according to their Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist to Hip Ratio (WHR) respectively. Risk factors estimation of HTN showed that it had a significant correlation (P<0.001) with smoking (OR=2.824, 95% CI=1.601-4.980,χ2=13.432), general stress (OR=3.692, 95% CI=2.179-6.255,χ2=24.896), and stress-related to COVID-19 (OR=3.511, 95% CI=2.116-5.826,χ2=24.712). Conclusions: The nationwide survey, surveillance, and clinical research are mandatory to portray the factual scenario of HTN in Bangladesh. Lifestyle modification and dietary changes should be adopted for HTN treatment.

19.
International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation ; 11(4):276, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2076995

ABSTRACT

Reports an error in "Parental burnout across the globe during the COVID-19 pandemic" by Hedwig van Bakel, Coco Bastiaansen, Ruby Hall, Inga Schwabe, Emmie Verspeek, James J. Gross, Julie Ackerlund Brandt, Joyce Aguiar, Ege Akgun, Gizem Arikan, Kaisa Aunola, Zdenka Bajgarova, Wim Beyers, Zuzana Bilkova, Emilie Boujut, Bin-Bin Chen, Geraldine Dorard, Maria Josefina Escobar, Kaichiro Furutani, Maria Filomena Gaspar, Annette Griffith, Mai Helmy, Mai Trang Huynh, Emerence Kaneza, Roberto Andres Lasso Baez, Astrid Lebert, Sarah Le Vigouroux, Yanhee Lee, Hong Dao Mai, Denisse Manrique-Millones, Rosa Bertha Millones Rivalles, Marina Miscioscia, Seyyedeh Fatemeh Mousavi, Munseol Eom, Alexis Ndayizigiy, Josue Ngnombouowo Tenkue, Daniela Oyarce Cadiz, Claudia Pineda-Marin, Maria Psychountaki, Yang Qu, Fernando Salinas-Quiroz, Maria Pia Santelices, Celine Scola, Charlotte Schrooyen, Paola Silva Cabrera, Alessandra Simonelli, Aelita Skarbaliene, Egidijus Skarbalius, Bart Soenens, Matilda Sorkkila, Cara Swit, Dorota Szczygiel, George Theotokatos, Ayse Meltem Ustundag-Budak, Lesley Verhofstadt, Dana Vertsberger, Jacqueline Wendland, Moira Mikolajczak and Isabelle Roskam (International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 2022, Vol 11[3], 141-152). In the article (https://doi.org/10.1027/2157-3891/a000050) the following name and affiliations were incorrectly listed. They need to read as follows in the erratum. (The following of the original article appeared in record 2022-85486-002.) The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all societies worldwide. The heightened levels of stress that accompanied the crisis were also expected to affect parenting in many families. Since it is known that high levels of stress in the parenting domain can lead to a condition that has severe consequences for health and well-being, we examined whether the prevalence of parental burnout in 26 countries (9,923 parents;75% mothers;mean age 40) increased during COVID-19 compared to few years before the pandemic. In most (but not all) countries, analyses showed a significant increase in the prevalence of parental burnout during the pandemic. The results further revealed that next to governmental measures (e.g., number of days locked down, homeschooling) and factors at the individual and family level (e.g., gender, number of children), parents in less (vs. more) indulgent countries suffered more from parental burnout. The findings suggest that stricter norms regarding their parenting roles and duties in general and during the pandemic in particular might have increased their levels of parental burnout. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

20.
J Infect Dis ; 226(8): 1304-1308, 2022 Oct 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2077776

ABSTRACT

The omicron variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 causes much less olfactory dysfunction than the previous variants. There are several potential mechanisms for how omicron may change tissue tropism and spare olfactory function. The new mutations make omicron more hydrophobic and alkaline than previous variants, which may reduce penetration of the mucus layer. Overall, the new mutations minimally change receptor binding affinity, but entry efficiency into host cells is reduced in cells expressing transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2). Because the support cells in the olfactory epithelium abundantly express TMPRSS2, these main target cells in the olfactory epithelium may become infected less by the new omicron variant.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , Anosmia , Humans , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL