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1.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(3):2028-2035, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2208031

ABSTRACT

Background: The main risk factors for the occurrence of burnout in nurses include difficult working conditions prevailing in a hospital premise and complex relationships that may develop with other staff or patients. Caring for patients is a truly burdensome task that puts substantial physical and psychological pressure on nurses. Objective: the aim of this critical review is to elaborate on the escalating phenomenon of nursing burnout and the factors associated with it across a variety of health care systems and to identify a common sequence that explains the phenomena in routine clinical terms and within contemporary practice. Methods: For this review's needs, a critical search was undertaken in MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Both quantitative primary empirical studies and qualitative which examined associations between burnout and work-related factors in the nursing workforce. Articles included were published either in English or in Greek, predominately within the last decade. Results: There are four main elements that are highly associated with nursing burnout. These factors include Effects of burnout on nursing staff, Symptoms of burnout, Quality of patient care and Prevention of burnout. These can be found in table 1 together with their sub-categories. These will be further elaborated upon and critically appraised in the next section, i.e. discussion. Discussion: Nursing burnout has a direct effect on the care provided for patients and studies report that high emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization and low personal goals result in poor quality of care provided to patients. Achieving personal goals is related to better quality of care and emotional exhaustion results in a low quality of care provided by the nursing staff. Conclusions: As the nursing workforce represents the largest section within health care workers and given their valuable input as recently proven during the COVID-19 pandemic, and since the nurse workforce is predominantly female and married, their domestic responsibilities on top of a highly demanding shift work can only increase their overall burden and risk of burnout.

2.
Pharmacy Education ; 20(2):249-259, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2218249

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria led to a national lockdown that resulted in the suspension of academic activities. Objective(s): To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 national lockdown on pharmacy students' productivity and their coping strategies. Method(s): This study involved the cross-sectional collection of responses from undergraduate students of six Nigerian schools of pharmacy. Data was collected using a structured, validated questionnaire in the form of Google form. The data was entered into a statistical product and service solutions software (SPSS, version-25) for analysis. Result(s): A total of 808 students responded to the questionnaire. The majority of the students' responses (757, 93.7%) showed that their reading duration had decreased during the lockdown. The most missed variable during the closure by students was 'school life' (303, 37.5%). The use of social media (133, 16.5%) was the most common coping strategy. The majority of the students, 544 (67.3%), agreed to participate in the virtual mode of learning. The cost of data was the main challenge to online learning by the students (288, 36.0%). Conclusion(s): This study shows that the productivity of pharmacy students decreased during the COVID-19 lockdown. Social media and business activities were the most common coping mechanisms of pharmacy students. Pharmacy students were willing to accept virtual learning despite possible challenges. Copyright © 2020, International Pharmaceutical Federation. All rights reserved.

3.
Politické Vedy ; - (4):142-180, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2217963

ABSTRACT

The history of the development of human communities opens up a large number of chapters of the alliance of rationality and power. The determining power of the implementation of elements of purposeful rationality at the political level is almost always represented by the legitimation of a certain type of interest associated with the greatest power to enforcing them. The primary goal of this paper is in an endeavour to place the normative nature of current (democratic) political regimes where we encounter the need for a more fundamental theoretical argument that would enable us to respond to their dynamic, often contradictory development. We focus on the productivity of dichotomies in the theory and practice of rationalism, irrationalism and liberal democracy. Their interaction in fact defines and creates the conditions for experimenting with different forms of political structures in the search for a better human and the world. At the same time, its performance not only defines the conditions for the theoretical justification of the idea of power, but also becomes a tool for its implementation. The theoretical background of this approach develops monitoring the content turbulences in the political systems of liberal democracies, with an emphasis on political life in Slovakia. Hence, in the present study, in the context of possible effects of the infectious disease COVID-19 on the activities of individual political actors, we point to a unique experience that contributes to addressing the issue of the way of establishing "softer" forms of political communication instead of political struggle, especially at the level of relations between the conservative, socialist, and liberal party-political communities not just in Slovakia, but also in other countries around the world.

4.
Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction ; 6, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2214032

ABSTRACT

Working from home has become common practice for many, especially since the global pandemic has forced many office workers to relocate their work spaces to a home environment. While working from home can have benefits, it requires self-discipline and can be a challenge to stay motivated. Changes in motivation about work may impact people's sense of productivity and well-being. We used a mixed-methods study using diaries and interviews with 25 informants to investigate perceived challenges during remote work from home. A grounded theory analysis revealed that people's work motivation had shifted from being people-centric to being work-centric. In the office, informants were motivated by working and interacting with others and being at their desk signaled work engagement to others. At home, motivation was mainly driven by personal work responsibilities. We identify four clusters of worker strategies to address the shift in work motivation. While some informants' perspectives on motivation made them reflect inward on their work performance and enjoyment, other informants' perspectives were outward-facing and involved performance and enjoyment in relation to others. We conclude that there needs to be better support for sustaining work motivation at home that can be tailored to different individuals, specifically in terms of managing time and detaching from work. We conclude by considering new pathways for supporting remote work. © 2022 ACM.

5.
BMJ Open ; 13(1), 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2213958

ABSTRACT

ObjectivesThe COVID-19 pandemic has posed unprecedented challenges to health systems and populations, particularly in India. Comprehensive, population-level studies of the burden of disease could inform planning, preparedness and policy, but are lacking in India. In West Bengal, India, we conducted a detailed analysis of the burden caused by COVID-19 from its onset to 7 January 2022.SettingOpen-access, population-level and administrative data sets for West Bengal were used.Primary and secondary outcome measuresDisability-adjusted life years (DALYs), years of potential productive life lost (YPPLL), cost of productivity lost (CPL: premature mortality and absenteeism), years of potential life lost (YPLL), premature years of potential life lost, working years of potential life lost (WYPLL) and value of statistical life (VSL) were estimated across scenarios (21 for DALY and 3 each for YPLL and VSL) to evaluate the effects of different factors.ResultsCOVID-19 had a higher impact on the elderly population with 90.2% of deaths arising from people aged above 45. In males and females, respectively, DALYs were 190 568.1 and 117 310.0 years, YPPLL of the productive population was 28 714.7 and 16 355.4 years, CPL due to premature mortality was INR3 198 259 615.6 and INR583 397 335.1 and CPL due to morbidity was INR2 505 568 048.4 and INR763 720 886.1. For males and females, YPLL ranged from 189 103.2 to 272 787.5 years and 117 925.5 to 169 712.0 years for lower to higher age limits, and WYPLL was 54 333.9 and 30 942.2 years. VSL (INR million) for the lower, midpoint and upper life expectancies was 883 330.8;882 936.4;and 880 631.3, respectively. Vaccination was associated with reduced mortality.ConclusionsThe losses incurred due to COVID-19 in terms of the computed estimates in West Bengal revealed a disproportionately higher impact on the elderly and males. Analysis of various age-gender subgroups enhances localised and targeted policymaking to minimise the losses for future pandemics.

6.
BMJ : British Medical Journal (Online) ; 380, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2213926

ABSTRACT

Operating rooms have been accused of "wasting” surgeries, and now record waiting lists require novel solutions. Surgical hubs, overlapping surgery, and better use of data for scheduling could provide answers, but we also need to get the basics right, finds Matthew Limb

7.
Journal of Financial Economic Policy ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2213083

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This paper to identify those states that suffered the largest job losses, largest GDP declines and the highest unemployment rates and those states whose employment levels, unemployment rates and GDP declines were smallest during the COVID-19 recession. In addition, this paper endeavors to provide at least preliminary insights into why some states faired so poorly, whereas other states suffered so little during this downturn. Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses descriptive statistics and regression analysis to analyze the differences in state performance during the COVID-19 recession and recovery. Findings: The results from the two estimated regression models suggest that where you lived determined the severity of the recession and living in a blue state negatively impacted the strength of state's unemployment rate recovery. Research limitations/implications: This paper looks at only a two-year period starting with the COVID-19 recession and ending in December 2021. Practical implications: This paper provides a regional assessment of the COVID-19 recession and recovery on both a state and regional level. Social implications: The paper uses descriptive statistics to characterize the substantial state-level differences in the relative magnitude of economic decline due to the Covid-19 recession. Regression analysis reveals that blue states experienced weaker recovery as compared to red states. Originality/value: The study uses publicly available data to identify states that suffered the largest job losses and highest peak unemployment rates during the Covid-19 recession. The results are among the first to analyze the economic impact of the Covid-19 recession at the state level. © 2022, Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

8.
Journal of the American College of Radiology ; 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2210578

ABSTRACT

Purpose: There is a scarcity of literature examining changes in radiologist research productivity during the COVID-19 pandemic. The current study aimed to investigate changes in academic productivity as measured by publication volume before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method(s): This single-center, retrospective cohort study included the publication data of 216 researchers consisting of associate professors, assistant professors, and professors of radiology. Wilcoxon's signed-rank test was used to identify changes in publication volume between the 1-year-long defined prepandemic period (publications between May 1, 2019, and April 30, 2020) and COVID-19 pandemic period (May 1, 2020, to April 30, 2021). Result(s): There was a significantly increased mean annual volume of publications in the pandemic period (5.98, SD = 7.28) compared with the prepandemic period (4.98, SD = 5.53) (z = -2.819, P = .005). Subset analysis demonstrated a similar (17.4%) increase in publication volume for male researchers when comparing the mean annual prepandemic publications (5.10, SD = 5.79) compared with the pandemic period (5.99, SD = 7.60) (z = -2.369, P = .018). No statistically significant changes were found in similar analyses with the female subset. Discussion(s): Significant increases in radiologist publication volume were found during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with the year before. Changes may reflect an overall increase in academic productivity in response to clinical and imaging volume ramp down. Copyright © 2022 American College of Radiology

9.
Applied Water Science ; 13(2), 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2209560

ABSTRACT

Drought, rising demand for water, declining water resources, and mismanagement have put society at serious risk. Therefore, it is essential to provide appropriate solutions to increase water productivity (WP). As an element of research, this study presents a hybrid machine learning approach and investigates its potential for estimating date palm crop yield and WP under different levels of subsurface drip irrigation (SDI). The amount of applied water in the SDI system was compared at three levels of 125% (T1), 100% (T2), and 75% (T3) of water requirement. The proposed ACVO-ANFIS approach is composed of an anti-coronavirus optimization algorithm (ACVO) and an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). Since the effect of irrigation factors, climate, and crop characteristics are not equal in estimating the WP and yield, the importance of these factors should be measured in the estimation phase. To fulfill this aim, ACVO-ANFIS employed eight different feature combination models based on irrigation factors, climate, and crop characteristics. The proposed approach was evaluated on a benchmark dataset that contains information about the groves of Behbahan agricultural research station located in southeast Khuzestan, Iran. The results explained that the treatment T3 advanced data palm crop yield by 3.91 and 1.31%, and WP by 35.50 and 20.40 kg/m(3), corresponding to T1 and T2 treatments, respectively. The amount of applied water in treatment T3 was 7528.80 m(3)/ha, which suggests a decrease of 5019.20 and 2509.6 m(3)/ha of applied water compared to the T1 and T2 treatments. The modeling results of the ACVO-ANFIS approach using a model with factors of crop variety, irrigation (75% water requirement of SDI system), and effective rainfall achieved RMSE = 0.005, delta = 0.603, and AICC = 183.25. The results confirmed that the ACVO-ANFIS outperformed its counterparts in terms of performance criteria.

10.
Work ; 2022 Sep 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2198530

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of people working at home has grown significantly. OBJECTIVE: This cohort study aimed to investigate whether the frequency of working at home was associated with changes in body mass index (BMI) and productivity from 2018 to 2020. METHOD: Frequency of working at home was self-reported. Participants were classified into three groups based on mean frequency of working at home per week (no working at home: ≦ 0.5 days, low frequency: 0.5 to 2.5 days, and high frequency: >2.5 days). Productivity was measured using a numerical rating scale, and BMI was calculated using height and weight. Changes in BMI and productivity were calculated by subtracting 2018 data from 2020 data. Linear regression analysis was performed by considering BMI and productivity change as outcomes and frequency of working at home as explanatory variable. RESULTS: BMI change in the high frequency group was significantly smaller than in the group that did not work at home (crude; coefficient: -0.27; 95% CI: -0.55--0.01, adjusted; coefficient: -0.30; 95% CI: -0.60--0.01). Frequency of working at home was not associated with productivity change. CONCLUSION: Working at home may be a solution for preventing BMI from increasing significantly.

11.
9th Research in Engineering Education Symposium and 32nd Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference: Engineering Education Research Capability Development, REES AAEE 2021 ; 1:224-232, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2207001

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT COVID-19 has shocked the globe since December 2019, with unprecedented international and domestic travel restrictions and self-isolation policies enacted by governments around the world. With lockdown policies in place in hopes of preventing further spread of this disease, there has been a widespread transition into learning and working from home - causing a paradigm shift in traditional working and learning cultures. PURPOSE OR GOAL This study aims to investigate the effects of transitioning into remote learning and working on the quality of work produced, specifically by electrical and electronic engineers in Australia. The objective is to identify factors relating to an individual's ability to produce self-defined quality work and identify any emerging themes due to the change in learning and working environments. APPROACH OR METHODOLOGY/METHODS A total of six participants, consisting of five students and one senior engineer, was recruited and interviewed. Each brought their own unique perspective on the matter via semi-structured interviews where they were asked questions regarding their learning/working experience before and during remote learning/working. Defining quality working through the epistemology of practice, cooperative work and self-efficacy, and connectivity, the researchers investigated how the ability to produce quality work has been affected due to the change in learning/working environment. OUTCOMES The representative data indicated that feedback, open collaboration, and team rapport were the three key contributing factors to quality work during this transition to learning/working remotely. Feedback and collaboration contributed positively to quality work and a strong team rapport further augmented the individual's ability to produce quality work. CONCLUSIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS/SUMMARY This study provides an initial impression on the topic and invites further study to establish a deeper understanding behind the contributing factors towards quality work. Further studies into different engineering disciplines or a larger sample size to establish a larger data set is recommended to extract richer conclusions. Copyright © Tan, Marinelli, Male & Hassan, 2021.

12.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:7847-7859, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206819

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted almost all companies and people across all sectors. Working from home (WFH) has become the new norm in many countries and companies since the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a growing trend around the globe for having more people working from home, particularly in the current COVID-19 pandemic. The present review-based paper is mainly collected from important databases like Scopus and Web of Science from the years 2020, 2021, and 2022. The main aim of this paper is to understand the concept of Working from home and to study various Working from home (WFH) associated opportunities and challenges during the period of pandemic. Increased work productivity, increased job satisfaction, and greater flexibility were some of the opportunities whereas increased levels of stress, longer working hours, and lack of designated office space were foundsome challenges related to Working from home (WFH) during the pandemic. Despite many challenges and operational difficulties in WFH, many organizations are still positive and developing a new hybrid model which provides high employee productivity and also provides an effective way to deal with future uncertainties or pandemic-like crises.Mindfulness, proper designated office space at home, and Organisation based supportive policies were some of the main recommendations given for employees' better productivity and work-life balance. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

13.
Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu ; - (6):142-146, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206049

ABSTRACT

Purpose. To analyze the development of individual economic indicators, that are key aspects in evaluating the economy of countries in the context of international comparison and competitiveness. Through yearonyear changes, to monitor the development of indicators such as gross value added, total employment and hours worked in the last two crisis periods. To compare the impact of the economic and COVID19 crises on the mentioned economic indicators and labor productivity in the Visegrad Group countries. Methodology. Several scientific methods suitable for the detection of the impact of crises were used in the article. In particular, elementary time series analysis and index numbers were calculated to detect the most important development trends of selected indicators. Chain indexes and fixed base indexes were figured for the gross value added, employment, number of hours worked, labor productivity per person employed and labor productivity per hour worked. Within the indicators it was searched for the impact of economic and COVID19 crises. Findings. Analysis of labor productivity and its development in crisis periods, as well as analysis of development of individual indicators from which the productivity was calculated was the key issue of the study. Despite the assumptions of some authors that the pandemic crisis will have a more significant impact on the change of countries' economies than the global economic crisis, the study did not support this assumption. The yearonyear changes of the indicator in time of both crises were approximately the same, in some cases we recorded a higher yearonyear decrease in indicators due to the economic crisis and not due to the COVID crisis. Originality. The development of selected indicators including two types of labor productivity within the global economic crisis and the pandemic crisis COVID19 was subjected to analysis among Visegrad Group countries. Practical value. The analysis of economic indicators carried out on a countrybycountry basis can later be used as a support in a deeper analysis of individual indicators and productivity, either within regions of countries or individual sections of national economies, in examining the impact of economic and COVID19 crises. © Michňová M., Megyesiova S., 2022.

14.
Alanya Akademik Bakış Dergisi ; 6(2):2261-2274, 2022.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2205597

ABSTRACT

Bu çalışmanın amacı, kovid-19 salgının Borsa Ístanbul (BÍST)'da işlem gören ve Ímalat alt sektörlerinde faaliyet gösteren işletmelerin finansal performansı üzerindeki etkilerinin incelenmesidir. Bu doğrultuda imalat alt sektörlerinde faaliyet gösteren işletmelerin kovid-19 salgını öncesi ve kovid-19 salgını dönemine ait, finansal açıdan verimlilik ve etkinlik değişim değerleri Malmquist Toplam Faktör Verimlilik Endeksi (MTFV) yöntemiyle incelenmiştir. Çalışmada elde edilen bulgular, kovid-19 salgının imalat alt sektörlerinde yer alan işletmelerin finansal performansı üzerinde olumsuz etkilerinin olduğunu göstermektedir. Aynı zamanda bulgular, kovid-19 salgının en fazla ana metal sanayi, gıda içecek ve tütün, metal eşya ve makine alt sektörlerini etkilediğini göstermektedir.Alternate :The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on the financial performance of companies operating in manufacturing subsectors and listed on the Stock Exchange Istanbul. In this direction, the financial efficiency and productivity change values of manufacturing companies before and during the Covid-19 pandemic were examined using the Malmquist Total Factor Productivity Index (MTFP) method. The findings obtained in the study indicate that the COVID-19 pandemic has negative effects on the financial performance of manufacturing companies. At the same time, the findings show that the COVID-19 pandemic has most affected the main metal industry, food, drink, and tobacco, metal and metals products and machinery industry subsectors.

15.
Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences ; 20(5):1069-1082, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2205051

ABSTRACT

The relevance of the article is due to the search for the possibility of a COVID-19 post-pandemic recovery of the Russian economy and a return to long-term sustainable growth in total factor productivity (TFP), taking into account the recognition of the priority of the environmental aspect of development. The purpose of the study is to develop an original scientific hypothesis, according to which, in the context of planetary manifestations of large-scale environmental challenges, on the one hand, and unprecedented external sanctions pressure on the Russian Federation, on the other hand. At first, environmental investment should become the main condition and a powerful factor in the long-term sustainable growth of TFP, as well as a radical transformation of the "pro-crisis" Russian economic model in accordance with the principles of the global ESG agenda. Environmental investments are positioned as responsible, in fact, and transformative in terms of their functional role in the economy. An econometric model has been constructed that reflects the dependence of per capita GDP growth rates on the volume of investments in fixed assets directed in the Russian Federation for environmental protection and rational use of natural resources, which has the form of a system of dynamic economic regressions with a distributed lag of a polynomial structure. Such a model can be used to assess the long-term and short-term responses of economic growth indicators from green investment. The methodological basis for the development of the aforementioned model was the methods of correlation, linear and nonlinear regression, factorial and dispersion analysis, the generalized least squares method, the method of instrumental variables. The main restrictions on environmental investment in modern Russia are established and proposals are made to stimulate it. © The Author(s) Publisher: University of Guilan,.

16.
Partnership : the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research ; 17(2):1-24, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2204842

ABSTRACT

Afin de connaître les experiences des bibliothécaires travaillant pendant la COVID-19, nous avons méné des entrevues semi-dirigées auprės de bibliothécaires universitaires å travers le Canada sur des sujets tels la charge de travail, la collégialité et la satisfaction genérale a ľégard de leurs conditions de travail pendant la pandemie. Des thėmes ont émergé concernant la sécurité ďemploi, les changements de la charge de travail (tant au niveau des heures travaillées et le type de travail effectué), le travail å distance, les relations avec des collégues et des administrateurs (y compris la vitesse perçue de la réponse institutionnelle face å la pandemie et ľétat des communications provenant de ľadministration et avec celle-ci), et ľespoir pour ľavenir. Cet article porte suries elements sémantiques du travail des bibliothécaires pendant la COVID-19 découverts lors de ľanalyse thématique, Induant une discussion approfondle sur la façon dont la charge de travail des bibliothécaires universitaires a change;un deuxiéme article portera sur les themes latents sur la nature du care au sein du travail en bibliothéque. Cette étude relie des situations individuelles solees pour offrir un portrait general de ce â quoi ressemblait notre travail et de ce que nous ressentions face á celui-ci durant la pandemie de la COVID-19. Pour les administrateurs des bibliothéques, nous identifions des moyens par lesquels le soutien institutionnel a aidé ou a nui au travail des bibliothécaires.Alternate :To learn about the experiences of librarians working through COVID-19, we conducted semi-structured interviews with academic librarians from across Canada on issues such as workload, collegiality, and overall satisfaction with their working conditions during the pandemic. Themes emerged around job security, workload changes (both in terms of hours worked and the type of work being done), working from home, relationships with colleagues and administrators (including the perceived speed of the institutions pandemic response and the state of communication from or with administration), and hopes for the future. This article focuses on the semantic elements of librarian work during COVID-19 uncovered during thematic analysis, including an in-depth discussion of how academic librarians workload changed;a second planned article will focus on latent themes on the caring nature of library work. This study connects isolated individual situations with the overall picture of what librarians work looked and felt like during the COVID-19 pandemic. For library administrators, we identify the ways in which institutional support helped or hindered librarians in doing their work.

17.
Central European Public Administration Review ; 20(2):9-31, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2204385

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Digitalization has been the driving change in creating jobs and increasing economic growth in recent years. However, the digitalization of countries and sectors is uneven. The paper focuses on various factors that have an impact on the economic development and well-being in EU countries. Its purpose is to show the evolution of EU countries in terms of digital transformation and how other indicators, such as e-government, human development index, labour productivity, and economic growth influenced the well-being in EU countries in 2019-2021. Design/methodology/approach: The dataset consists of 15 numerical indicators extracted from Eurostat and World Bank databases. We apply principal component analysis and cluster analysis. Findings and Practical Implications: The main research results show that the first dimension - named the impact of innovation on well-being - is dominated by e-government, the percentage of ICT specialists in total, internet use by individuals, the Human Development Index, the Digitalization Index, the Happiness Indicator, human capital, and the integration of digital technology. The second dimension is characterized by government expenses and productivity. Finally, the third dimension is dominated by the GDP growth rate. 77.67% of the total variance is explained by the first three principal components. Originality: Four clusters have been identified by means of the K-Means clustering algorithm. All four clusters are well determined, with cluster 1 including the three Nordic countries ranking first, followed by cluster 3 of well-developed countries and cluster 4 containing mainly emerging economies.

18.
Polish Journal of Management Studies ; 26(1):61-75, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2204370

ABSTRACT

Professional burnout is one of the significant factors affecting the productivity of the workforce. This has become more common during the COVID-19 pandemic due to the decrease in the psychological safety of employees. Working from home can also negatively affect work-life balance, leading to burnout. Undetected and untreated burnout leads to a decrease in worker productivity and eventually depression and other psychological problems. It is important to create and monitor working conditions to prevent professional burnout. Preventing burnout is always easier to achieve than treating the damaging symptoms. This paper will examine the factors contributing to professional burnout as well as some strategies for mitigating professional burnout. The article identifies the factors of occupational burnout after the COVID 19 pandemic based on the experiences of employees from Poland and the USA. The aim of the work is to indicate the first results of research in the field of occupational burnout, which are conducted on the basis of surveys. The questionnaire summary was prepared according to the model of research on burnout in relation to the pandemic situation. The presented results concern research for both production and service companies. And they are the basis for recognizing the factors responsible for occupational burnout for these employees. © 2022, Czestochowa University of Technology. All rights reserved.

19.
Journal of Eastern European and Central Asian Research ; 9(6):938-950, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2204152

ABSTRACT

The interconnectedness of sectors displays the demand for inputs and supply as a level of output in any economy. This paper addresses the Total Factor Productivity (TFP) in Kazakhstan sectors by using input-output tables during 2012-2017. The change in total sectoral production was separated into two parts: the changes in technical coefficients of intermediate inputs and the change in value-added inputs, respectively. The main findings have identified a changing pattern in sectoral performance. At the same time, the result justified that various sectors such as;petroleum, manufacturing, construction, and food processing sectors have shown increased productivity. The country highly depends on extractive industries but still has better manufacturing value-added performance. The study suggests that to combat challenges like COVID-19 and climate change, it is vital to develop human capital and diversity. With diversification and innovative measures, an economy can attain sustainable economic growth in the long term.

20.
Conservation & Society ; 20(3):195-200, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2201687

ABSTRACT

There is a growing view in conservation science that traditional ways to evaluate publications, researchers, and projects are too slow. This has led to a rise in the use of altmetrics, which are metrics based on social media data, news pieces, blogs, and more. Here we examine altmetric data linked to nearly 10,000 papers published in 23 conservation journals, exploring five issues that represent some of the challenges associated with using social media data in evaluating conservation. We discuss whether social media activity reflects meaningful engagement, and how easily individuals can manipulate scores by using bots or simply through active personal networks or institutional promotion services. Our analysis shows a highly skewed distribution of altmetric scores where most papers have such low scores that the scores likely convey little meaningful information. Examining scores that would be considered meritorious, we find that papers where the first author was male have higher scores than papers led by a woman, suggesting a gender bias in altmetric scores. Finally, this data set reveals regional differences that correspond with access to different social media platforms. Metrics, like altmetrics, may have a role to play when making rapid evaluations. However, such metrics should only be used after careful deliberation and should not be influenced by institutions looking for shortcuts, by companies looking to advance profits, or by individuals seeking to promote themselves, rather than generating meaningful engagement in scholarship and conservation action. Scholarly and conservation activities should be judged on the quality of their contributions, which will require the input of experts and direct contact with impacted communities.

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