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1.
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh ; 19(1)2022 May 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1875159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Grit and resilience are related but separate concepts. Grit is a long-term commitment toward goals, and it impacts student success and academic achievement. Resilience is the ability of students to recover from stress. Both are important factors in nursing students. METHODS: This descriptive study included surveys measuring demographics, grit, and resilience among two cohorts of senior nursing students in their last semester and explored challenges and difficulties experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: The mean grit score for all students was 4.0 (0.52) and the mean resilience score was 3.63 (0.73). Directed content analysis of the ten open-ended survey questions revealed three themes: Impact on Education, Personal Impact, and Coping Mechanisms. CONCLUSIONS: Grit and resilience are important factors that can contribute to success in nursing programs and as graduate nurses in the healthcare settings.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate , Resilience, Psychological , Students, Nursing , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics
2.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences ; 38(5):1338-1342, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1870117

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present research studied moral injury and psychological resilience in healthcare professionals amid COVID-19 pandemic. Relationship between moral injury and resilience was explored in addition to finding the difference in study variables based on socio-demographics factors. Methods: This cross-sectional research was carried out from August 2020 to January 2021. A sample of 108 healthcare professionals including doctors, nurses, and paramedical staff was collected through purposive sampling technique. Data was gathered through face-to-face survey method and online forum using psychometrically sound tools. Results: Findings revealed that more than two third of the sample (69.44%) has high level of moral injury which is clinically significant while only 30.56% fall within normal range. Moral injury has significant positive correlation with number of work hours (p < .05) whereas negative correlation with resilience (p < .01) and years of experience (p < .05). Women and health care professionals belonging to psychiatry department have reported to experience significantly high level of moral injury (p < .01). Conclusion: The findings of the study are helpful for stakeholders of health care system to better understand and prepare for the situations that brings moral injury and challenge psychological resilience particularly in times of pandemic, humanitarian crisis, or natural disasters.

3.
J Sleep Res ; : e13641, 2022 May 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1868678

ABSTRACT

Symptoms of insomnia are an important risk factor for the development of mental disorders, especially during stressful life periods such as the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. However, up to now, most studies have used cross-sectional data, and the prolonged impact of insomnia symptoms during the pandemic on later mental health remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated insomnia symptoms as a predictor of other aspects of mental health across 6 months, with altogether seven assessments (every 30 days, t0-t6), in a community sample (N = 166-267). Results showed no mean-level increase of insomnia symptoms and/or deterioration of mental health between baseline assessment (t0) and the 6- month follow-up (t6). As preregistered, higher insomnia symptoms (between persons) across all time points predicted reduced mental health at the 6-month follow-up. Interestingly, contrary to our hypothesis, higher insomnia symptoms at 1 month, within each person (i.e., compared to that person's symptoms at other time points), predicted improved rather than reduced aspects of mental health 1 month later. Hence, we replicated the predictive effect of averagely increased insomnia symptoms on impaired later mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, we were surprised that increased insomnia symptoms at 1 month predicted aspects of improved mental health 1 month later. This unexpected effect might be specific for our study population and a consequence of our study design. Overall, increased insomnia symptoms may have served as a signal to engage in, and successfully implement, targeted countermeasures, which led to better short-term mental health in this healthy sample.

4.
Tourism Management Perspectives ; 42:15, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1852152

ABSTRACT

Crises have a negative, and often long-lasting impact on mental health. The stress of dealing with the ongoing and unpredictable aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic has led to an unprecedented rise in mental health problems including low mood, depression and anxiety. Tourism businesses have faced ongoing challenges, with repeated lockdowns and drastically reduced tourist numbers and mental health challenges faced by operators may impact the resilience of tourism organisations and vice versa. Few studies have examined this. Our study in Victoria, Australia documents the mental health impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on owners and managers (operators) of small to medium tourism businesses and explores organisational factors that may impact or protect operator mental health during the crisis. Our findings show that the mental health of the cohort reached critically low levels over the course of the pandemic. We also identify positive associations between tourism organisational resilience and operator mental health.

5.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-11, 2022 May 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1850435

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic that has impinged upon the world affects individuals not only physically but also psychologically. Considering the effects of the pandemic that can be called a challenging life event, the concept of psychological resilience comes to mind. In this study, the effect of multidimensional avoidance on the relationship between psychological resilience and psychological need satisfaction-frustration of adults is discussed through structural equation modeling. The study data were collected online from 506 adults who participated voluntarily from 7 different geographical regions of Turkey. The study findings were obtained by using correlation analysis, structural equation modeling, and path analysis. As a result of the study, it is seen that all the variables of multidimensional avoidance except distraction/suppression and frustration directly affect psychological resilience in satisfaction and frustration of basic psychological needs. In addition, it shows that psychological resilience has a significant effect on satisfaction and frustration of basic psychological needs, both directly and indirectly through multidimensional avoidance.

6.
Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience ; 19(1-3):39-45, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1848792

ABSTRACT

The authors explore the impact of cumulative stress on United States (US) military service members (SM), including soldiers and medical personnel, deployed to serve in New York City (NYC) communities. Their mission was to assist in establishing emergency field hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Causative biopsychosocial factors are presented, as well as the impact of wellness checks, which were utilized to monitor the mood and morale of frontline healthcare providers, military personnel, and infected patients in a 2,500-bed emergency field hospital and a 1,000-bed Naval hospital ship operating in the metropolitan NYC area. The authors introduce a self-care and wellness tool, which assesses five core domains (physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual) for the purpose of assessing and improving individual overall well-being during periods of heightened stress. This instrument could aid attending medical personnel in identifying patients at risk of suicide. Likewise, the utility of this self-care tool is applicable to both military SM and civilians, and includes soldiers and medical personnel.

7.
Journal of Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research ; 10(2):146-154, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1837461

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus pandemic caused anxiety in public. Therefore, this anxiety should be identified quickly. This study investigates the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of Coronavirus Anxiety Inventory (CAS), which determines the anxiety associated with the COVID-19 crisis. The research sample consists of 904 participants from 56 provinces of Turkey. Participants' age ranged from 17 to 71. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed a good unidimensional structure with a Turkish sample. The correlation between the CAS Turkish version and the Burnout Scale (0.39 p < 0.01) is significant as the convergent validity. Also, correlation between the CAS Turkish version and the Brief Resilience Scale (-0.23 p < 0.01) is significant as the discriminant validity. The internal consistency coefficient (Cronbach's Alpha) was found 0.81. As a result of the Item Discrimination analysis, it was seen that each of the 5 items was discrimination at the desired level. The item-total correlation values in the scale ranged from 0.73 to 0.79. Overall findings showed that the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale were sufficient. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Turkish) Koronavirus pandemisi toplumda endiseye neden oldu. Bu nedenle bu kaygi hizla tespit edilmelidir. Bu calisma COVID-19 krizi ile iliskili anksiyeteyi belirleyen Koronavirus Anksiyete Olcegi'nin (KAO) Turkce versiyonunun psikometrik ozelliklerini incelemeyi amaclamaktadir. Arastirma orneklemi Turkiye'nin 56 farkli ilinden 904 katilimcidan olusmaktadir. Katilimcilarin yaslari 17-71 arasinda degismektedir. Acimlayici ve dogrulayici faktor analizi, Turk orneklemi ile iyi bir tek boyutlu yapi ortaya koymustur. KAO Turkce versiyonunun benzerlik gecerliligi icin kullanilan Tukenmislik Olcegi ile iliskisi (0.39 p<0,01) anlamlidir. Ayrica KAO Turkce versiyonunun ayirtedici gecerliligi icin kullanilan Kisa Psikolojik Saglamlik Olcegi (-0,23 p<0,01) arasindaki iliskisi anlamlidir. Ic tutarlilik katsayisi (Cronbach's Alpha) 0.81 olarak bulunmustur. Madde Ayirt edicilik analizi sonucunda bes maddenin her birinin istenilen duzeyde ayirt edici oldugu gorulmustur. Olcekte madde-toplam korelasyon degerleri 0.73 ile 0.79 arasinda degismektedir. Genel bulgular, Koronavirus Anksiyete Olcegi'nin Turkce versiyonunun psikometrik ozelliklerinin yeterli oldugunu gostermistir. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

8.
Front Public Health ; 10: 801297, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1834640

ABSTRACT

Purpose: There are a few qualitative studies on the psychological resilience of COVID-19 medical directors upon outbreaks of pandemics. Psychological resilience is essential to providing quality care through the pandemic. Materials and Methods: We conducted narrative interviews with 14 out of 21 medical directors of COVID-19 divisions in Israeli public hospitals upon the outbreak of the pandemic and through its first wave. We adopted the Salutogenic paradigm to identify personal and organizational resources that both deterred and promoted resilience of front-line medical directors. Thematic analysis was performed based on the Sense of coherence construct, an anchor of Salutogenics. Results: Low comprehensibility was compensated by ethical boundaries and managerial experience. A few organizational and personal resources promoted manageability. The hospital management both deterred and promoted resilience. In contrast to Salutogenics theory, meaningfulness was driven by the occupational calling rather than by comprehensibility and manageability. Gaps in personal resources inhibited resilience. Conclusions: Our study adds to the scant qualitative research performed upon the outbreak of the pandemic and extends the Salutogenic paradigm suggesting that the three axes of sense of coherence are multi-layered, intertwined, and evolving. We introduce the dynamic spheres model that we adopted from Physics to illustrate the findings. We propose interventions to build resilience in front-line medical directors.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Physician Executives , Resilience, Psychological , Sense of Coherence , COVID-19/prevention & control , Humans , Israel
9.
Front Psychol ; 13: 789844, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1818009

ABSTRACT

Purpose: College students in the pandemic area are experiencing the problems caused by COVID-19 by themselves or people around them, how to cope with the sudden changes and adjust the psychological stress response, and get experience and grow in the fight against the pandemic is a question worth in-depth discussion. The researchers constructed a mediated regulation model to examine the effects of intrusive rumination on the creativity of college students during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the mediating effect of post-traumatic growth and the moderating role of psychological resilience. Methods: A sample of 475 university students from Guangdong Province, China, were surveyed with the Runco Ideational Behavior Scale, the Event Related Rumination Inventory, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, and the Psychological Resilience Scale. SPSS (version 23) and PROCESS (version 3.3) were used for correlation analysis, mediation analysis, and mediated moderation analysis. Results: (1) Intrusive rumination was positively correlated with post-traumatic growth and creativity but negatively correlated with psychological resilience. Psychological resilience was positively correlated with post-traumatic growth and creativity. Post-traumatic growth and creativity were positively correlated. (2) Post-traumatic growth played a mediating role in the relationship between intrusive rumination and creativity. (3) Psychological resilience moderated the first half of the pathway "intrusive rumination → post-traumatic growth → creativity." Conclusion: Intrusive rumination affected creativity directly and also indirectly through post-traumatic growth. At the same time, psychological resilience played a moderating role between intrusive rumination and creativity. The correlation between intrusive rumination and post-traumatic growth was stronger when levels of psychological resilience levels were higher.

10.
Iran J Psychiatry ; 17(1): 35-43, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1818879

ABSTRACT

Objective: Nurses exposed to COVID-19 could be psychologically stressed. The present study investigated the mental health and the resilience level in the nurses' population. Method: This cross-sectional study was performed on 432 nurses in 27 hospitals working in Guilan province, north of Iran, between April 29, to May 14, 2020. Mental health and resilience were measured using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) and the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10). Hierarchical multiple linear regression model was used to identify factors associated with mental health. Results: The mean GHQ-12 and CD-RISC-10 scores were 15.72 (SD, 5.67) and 25.97 (SD, 6.88), respectively. Probable psychological distress (GHQ-12 score ≥ 15) was present in 57.2% of nurses. Among demographic and COVID-19-related variables, only educational level was significantly and negatively correlated with mental health. After controlling the variables, hierarchical regression analyses results showed that lower resilience was associated with poor mental health (ß = -0.49; P < 0.001). Conclusion: Regarding the nurses' mental health, appropriate psychological/psychiatric intervention is necessary, and resilience can play a role as a mental health promoter.

11.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(5):4437-4444, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1812911

ABSTRACT

Resilience is an important aspect of engagement because it allows people to recover from adversity. Certain people are genetically predisposed to have higher degrees of resilience and some are more engaged and motivated in their profession, and they outperform their less adaptable counterparts. In this article, the bow of resilience was slant investigated in terms of developmental persistency, good emotions predicting employee engagement, and organizational engagement. For the Telangana State Govt. Emergency Clinic Employees of Strength 310, a poll was done using Google forms to examine how the bow of resilience was beating engagement in the COVID Pandemic (Phase-II). The model was presented, authorized, constructed, and tested after the slant discovered a vital relationship between the two constructs. Proposals are made in light of these discoveries.

12.
Journal of Psychiatric Nursing ; 12(4):281-287, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1811559

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The worldwide outbreak of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) has had broad consequences for individuals and societies. The pandemic has had a particular effect on nurses' mental health, as well as their social and occupational life. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the psychological resilience, job satisfaction, and fear levels of nurses who had and had not developed COVID-19. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a university hospital in Turkey with data collected between March 2021 and April 2021. A total of 66 nurses infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 were included in 1 group and 66 nurses who had not been infected were included in a second group. A personal information form, the Psychological Resilience Scale (PRS), the Job Satisfaction Scale (JSS), and the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) were used to gather the study data. Data analysis was performed using descriptive analysis, Student’s t-test, chi-squared testing, Pearson’s correlation coefficient measurement, and one-way analysis of variance. Results: The mean PRS of the nurses was 58.44±10.12, the mean JSS score was 66.19±12.81, and the mean FCV-19S score was 18.46±6.56. COVID-19 infection did not result in a significant difference in these variables (p>.05). However, the professional satisfaction levels of the nurses who had to be hospitalized for COVID-19 treatment were lower than that of the others (p=.009) and their fear levels were higher (p=.004). Conclusion: The findings of the study indicated that while the psychological resilience, job satisfaction and fear levels of nurses who were infected with the COVID-19 virus and those who were not were not high, the infection did not result in a significant difference between the groups. Nurses who had been hospitalized for COVID-19 treatment demonstrated lower levels of professional satisfaction and higher levels of fear. Appropriate measures should be taken to increase nurses' psychological resilience and professional satisfaction. © 2021 by Journal of Psychiatric Nursing-.

13.
Journal of Psychiatric Nursing ; 12(4):314-323, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1811557

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study aims to analyse healthcare personnel’s anxiety levels during the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of their psychological resilience and the problems they experienced. Methods: The study was carried out with the relational screening model. The sample of the study consisted of 411 healthcare personnel working in various hospitals in Turkey (physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists, emer-gency medical/surgical technicians, social workers, psychologists, dieticians, paramedics, laboratory workers, medical secretaries, etc.). A personal information form, the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) were used to collect data. In the analysis of the data, Pearson's Product-Moment Correlation, Hierarchi-cal Multiple Regression Analysis were used for descriptive statistics. Results: The study results indicated that healthcare personnel had a moderate level of anxiety (=17.25 and ss=14.81) and that being female, showing the symptoms of COVID-19, having difficulty concentrating, physical fatigue, inability to obtain adequate protective equipment, being excluded due to the concern of transmitting the virus, and having problems in communicating with their spouse/partner positively predicted the healthcare personnel’s anxiety levels. On the other hand, the inability to maintain their previous social life and a high psychological resilience level negatively predicted the healthcare personnel’s anxiety levels, and the model explained 57.3% of the total variance. Conclusion: Based on these results, it is recommended that preventive developmental mental health interventions be planned and carried out with an interdisciplinary team to reduce healthcare personnel’s anxiety levels. © 2021 by Journal of Psychiatric Nursing.

14.
Br J Gen Pract ; 2022 Mar 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1810375

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact on the mental health of healthcare workers, yet studies in primary care workers are scarce. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of and associated factors for psychological distress in primary care workers during the first COVID-19 outbreak. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a multicentre, cross-sectional, web-based survey conducted in primary healthcare workers in Spain, between May and September 2020. METHOD: Healthcare workers were invited to complete a survey to evaluate sociodemographic and work-related characteristics, COVID-19 infection status, exposure to patients with COVID-19, and resilience (using the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale), in addition to being screened for common mental disorders (depression, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, panic attacks, and substance use disorder). Positive screening for any of these disorders was analysed globally using the term 'any current mental disorder'. RESULTS: A total of 2928 primary care professionals participated in the survey. Of them, 43.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 41.9 to 45.4) tested positive for a current mental disorder. Female sex (odds ratio [OR] 1.61, 95% CI = 1.25 to 2.06), having previous mental disorders (OR 2.58, 95% CI = 2.15 to 3.10), greater occupational exposure to patients with COVID-19 (OR 2.63, 95% CI = 1.98 to 3.51), having children or dependents (OR 1.35, 95% CI = 1.04 to 1.76 and OR 1.59, 95% CI = 1.20 to 2.11, respectively), or having an administrative job (OR 2.24, 95% CI = 1.66 to 3.03) were associated with a higher risk of any current mental disorder. Personal resilience was shown to be a protective factor. CONCLUSION: Almost half of primary care workers showed significant psychological distress. Strategies to support the mental health of primary care workers are necessary, including designing psychological support and resilience-building interventions based on risk factors identified.

15.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10:297-299, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1798872

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has an impact in various aspects. Learning at all levels of education must continue despite the pandemic;therefore, the learning process is conducted online. It makes that students have limitations in doing activities. AIM: The purpose of this study was to analyze the intelligence spiritual, adversity, and emotional as predictor factors of student resilience in online learning in pandemic era. METHODS: This design used correlation analysis. The population in this study was a student of nursing department in UNUSA. The sampling used was selected randomly 503 students. The dependent variables in this study were spiritual intelligence, adversity, and emotional. Dependent variables are the resilience of students in online learning. The instruments used in this study were the Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Inventory questionnaire-24 (SISRI-24), Adversity Quotient (AQ), Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire, and Brief Resilience Scale. Data analysis between spiritual intelligence, adversity, and emotional with student resilience is rank Spearman test. RESULT: Spearmen rank correlation test results showed a relationship of spiritual intelligence with resilience (r = 0.680, adversity and resilience student (r = 0.975) and emotional intelligence and resilience (r = 0.635) with a significance of 0.000 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: There was correlation between spiritual intelligence, adversity, and emotional with the resilience of students in online learning in the pandemic era.

16.
British Journal of Psychotherapy ; 38(2):208-222, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1794739
17.
Electronic Journal of Social Sciences ; 21(82):783-806, 2022.
Article in Turkish | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1789747

ABSTRACT

In this study, it is aimed to determine whether the symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress differ according to the data obtained on the Covid-19 process and determine the mediator role of psychological resilience in the relationship between self-compassion and depression, anxiety and stress levels in the Covid-19 process. 590 people (180 diagnosed with Covid-19, 410 people not diagnosed with Covid-19) between the ages of 25-65 participated in the study. Personal Information Form, Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) were applied to the participants in the study. According to the data obtained on the Covid-19 process, it was determined that the levels of depression, anxiety and stress differed statistically significantly. Furthermore, the research pointed out that psychological resilience plays an intermediary role on the relationship between self-compassion and the depression, anxiety;however, there is no intermediary role of psychological resilience in the relationship between self-compassion and stress. Although the research has various limitations, the findings indicate that the concepts of selfcompassion and resilience play a protective role against the psychological symptoms caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, which is now considered a ' challenging life event'. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Bu araştırmada Covid-19 sürecine dair elde edilen verilere göre depresyon, anksiyete, stres belirtilerinin farklılaşıp farklılaşmadığını saptamak;Covid-19 sürecinde öz duyarlık ile depresyon, anksiyete, stres düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkide psikolojik sağlamlığın aracı rolünü belirlemek amaçlanmaktadır. Araştırmaya 25-65 yaş aralığında 590 kişi (Covid-19 tanısı alan 180, Covid-19 tanısı almayan 410 kişi) katılmıştır. Araştırmada katılımcılara Kişisel Bilgi Formu, Öz-Duyarlık Ölçeği (ÖDÖ), Depresyon- Anksiyete- Stres Ölçeği -21 (DASÖ-21) ve Connor - Davidson Psikolojik Sağlamlık Ölçeği (CD-RISC) uygulanmıştır. Covid-19 sürecine dair elde edilen verilere göre depresyon, anksiyete ve stres düzeylerinin istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir şekilde farklılaştığı saptanmıştır. Ayrıca psikolojik sağlamlığın, öz duyarlık düzeyi ile depresyon ve anksiyete düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkide aracı bir rol oynadığı;öz duyarlık düzeyi ile stres düzeyi arasındaki ilişkide ise aracı bir rolünün bulunmadığı görülmüştür. Araştırmamızın çeşitli kısıtlılıkları bulunmakla beraber bulgularımız, günümüzde ‘zorlayıcı yaşam olayı’ olarak kabul gören Covid-19 pandemisinin yol açtığı psikolojik belirtiler karşısında öz duyarlık ve psikolojik sağlamlık kavramlarının koruyucu bir rol oynadığına işaret etmektedir. (Turkish) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Electronic Journal of Social Sciences is the property of Electronic Journal of Social Sciences and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

18.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 780807, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1779962

ABSTRACT

Although the World Health Organization (WHO) has issued guidelines for managing to contain, mitigate, and limit of the COVID-19. However, it is more essential to highlight the urgency and importance of evaluating social functioning and mental health status during the pandemic. College students have experienced serious problems and have had to overcome many negative situations brought about by the pandemic. Accordingly, the present study intended to use Chinese college students as sample to examine the positive adoption and changes during the ongoing COVID-19. Guided by literatures in this filed, we explored the internal mechanism of post-traumatic growth affecting psychological resilience, and considered about mediation roles of positive coping styles and cognitive reappraisal. A total of 463 college students from universities in China effectively completed online questionnaires. The result indicated that these four variables were positively correlated with each other (ps < 0.001). More importantly, our findings proved a direct and positive effect on psychological resilience. Positive coping styles and cognitive reappraisal, respectively, mediated the relationship between post-traumatic growth and psychological resilience. Over all, the hypothesized serial model conclusively fits the data: students with high-level post-traumatic growth tended to report increased use of positive coping strategies, which further facilitated their cognitive reappraisal, and subsequently, promoted their psychological resilience. The findings obtained in this study will provide a theoretical basis and possible viable strategies for both targeted crisis intervention and psychological trauma recovery plans.

19.
Nervenheilkunde ; 41(1-2):8-18, 2022.
Article in German | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1778664
20.
Intensive Crit Care Nurs ; 71: 103248, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1773355

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify, appraise, and synthesise current evidence on prevalence, correlates, and interventions to enhance compassion satisfaction, resilience, and passion for work among nurses and physicians working in intensive care units. METHODS: A mixed methods systematic review was conducted. The comprehensive search used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Seven databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, JBI, ProQuest, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library) were searched for literature published between January 2011 and June 2021. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool was used to assess methodological quality. Data from included studies were analysed using a convergent mixed methods design. The protocol was prospectively registered (PROSPERO 2021 CRD42021252051). RESULTS: A total of 37 studies met the inclusion criteria. Most studies reported moderate levels of compassion satisfaction among intensive care health professionals, whereas levels of resilience varied. Compassion satisfaction and resilience were positively correlated, but relationships between compassion satisfaction and resilience and other correlates (personal factors, psychological factors, and work-related factors) were inconsistently reported. Only four interventions aimed to improve compassion satisfaction or resilience among intensive care health professionals. None of the included studies investigated passion for work. CONCLUSION: Compassion satisfaction, resilience, and passion for work among staff in the intensive care unit are important in the current global COVID-19 pandemic. Health professionals report a moderate level of compassion satisfaction but findings in relation to resilience are mixed. No studies examined passion for work. Further research to determine ongoing psychological wellbeing and professional quality of life and evaluate tailored interventions to support intensive care staff well-being is recommended.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Physicians , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Empathy , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Job Satisfaction , Pandemics , Personal Satisfaction , Quality of Life
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