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1.
Frontiers in Psychiatry ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2022917

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe lockdown in May 2021 was the first and only lockdown implemented in Taiwan during the COVID-19 pandemic. The epidemic in Taiwan has been maintained under relatively better control and this study aimed to examine the impact of the lockdown on sleep and emotional and behavior disturbances in children and adolescents in Taiwan. Material and methodsParticipants over 6 years old were recruited retrospectively from a cohort study, and their parents completed questionnaires including the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ), the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), the Swanson, Nolan and Pelham-IV Teacher and Parent Rating Scale (SNAP-IV), and the function assessment. A total of 217 children and adolescents whose parents completed questionnaires during both the lockdown period and the pre-lockdown period were included. We used paired t-test and independent t test;to analyze the differences between the lockdown and pre-lockdown periods and between different subgroups. ResultsThe mean age of all participants was 11.87 +/- 3.97 years, with 69.6% male. The results of CSHQ indicated that our participants had significantly increased total sleep time (p = 0.000), more sleep onset delay (p = 0.011), fewer sleep duration problems (p = 0.029), less parasomnia (p = 0.018), fewer sleep breathing problems (p = 0.028), and less daytime sleepiness (p = 0.000) during the lockdown, especially males and children. We observed trends but no significant changes of all participants in CBCL and SNAP during the lockdown. The change of the inattention index reached a significant level between children and adolescents (p(2) = 0.017). The results of the functional assessment showed more interferences in home living (p = 0.021) of all participants, especially males (p(1) = 0.002). ConclusionsThe lockdown significantly impacted children and adolescents' sleep and functioning. We also observed trends of increased emotion, behavior and inattention problems, and significantly increased interference in home living. Male gender and younger age may be associated factors for sleep and functional disturbances of the lockdown.

2.
Am Psychol ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2016578

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has influenced people's lives in diverse ways. The authors utilized latent class analysis (LCA), a person-centered approach, to examine distinct patterns of COVID-related stressors and their associations with alcohol-related, mental health, and quality of life outcomes. Participants were 463 adults who completed the baseline assessment of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism COVID-19 Pandemic Impact on Alcohol Study from June 2020 to January 2022. Using cross-sectional data, three analytic methods (continuous sum score, categorical grouping, and LCA) were applied to model 17 COVID-related stressors. Regression analyses indicated higher COVID-related stress and endorsement of four or more COVID-related stressors were generally associated with worse health-related outcomes. LCA revealed four classes: Class 1: Minimal COVID-Related Impact (51.6%);Class 2: Work Interruptions (24.8%);Class 3: Family/Friends Affected by COVID (14.5%);and Class 4: Serious Financial Stress (9.1%). Racial/ethnic minorities were more likely to be in Class 3, whereas individuals with more years of education and higher income were less likely to be in Class 4. Individuals with a history of alcohol use disorder were more likely to be in Classes 2 and 4. Compared with Class 1, Class 4 reported highest levels of perceived stress, problematic alcohol use, anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, alcohol craving, loneliness, drinking to cope, and lowest levels of physical, psychological, social, and environment quality of life. COVID-related stressors disproportionately affected minority and vulnerable groups. Individuals who experienced multiple financial stressors had the greatest risk for negative health-related outcomes and may benefit from holistic interventions and community outreach. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

3.
Frontiers in Neurology ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2005890

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Stroke, a life-threatening stressor, often negatively impacts stroke-survivor (SS) quality of life (QoL). Annual age-adjusted incidence and death rates for stroke are significantly higher among Black Americans than among White Americans. Racism, a significant stressor, occurs at structural, cultural, and interpersonal levels and contributes to health disparities for Black SS. Resilience, a dynamic process of positive adaptation to significant stress, is impacted by factors or resources both internal and external to the individual. This study aims to examine the effects of experiences of racism and resilience on Black SS QoL during early stroke recovery. This article presents the study protocol. Methods and analyses: This will be a prospective observational mixed-methods study. Black community-dwelling adults who are within 4 weeks of a stroke will be eligible for inclusion. Baseline measures will include the exposure variables of experiences of racism and resilience. Covariates measured at baseline include sociodemographic variables (age, sex, marital status, education, income, health insurance, employment status, number of people in household, residential address), clinical variables (date and type of stroke, inferred Modified Rankin Scale, anxiety and depression screening), and psychosocial variables (COVID-19 stress, perceived stress, mindfulness). The outcome variable (QoL) will be assessed 6-months post-stroke. Multiple-level linear regression models will be used to test the direct effects of experiences of racism, and the direct and indirect effects of resilience, on QoL. Qualitative data will be collected via focus groups and analyzed for themes of racism, resilience, and QoL. Discussion: Racism can compound the stress exerted by stroke on Black SS. This study will occur during the COVID-19 pandemic and in the aftermath of calls for social justice for Black Americans. Experiences of racism will be measured with instruments for both "everyday " discrimination and vigilance. Sociodemographic variables will be operationalized to assess specific social determinants of health that intersect with structural racism. Because of the long-standing history of racism in the United States of America (USA), cultural influences and access to resources are central to the consideration of individual-level resilience in Black SS. Study results may inform the development of interventions to support Black SS QoL through enhanced resilience.

4.
Clinical Case Studies ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2005575

ABSTRACT

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) can be chronic and impairing, highlighting the need for effective treatments. Although Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for GAD, a number of patients continue to report GAD symptoms treatment. Integrating evidenced-based treatment components into CBT treatments, such as mindfulness- and acceptance-based treatment components found in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), may help improve the efficacy of treatment. Emerging interventions and research suggest that the cognitive restructuring aspect of CBT and acceptance stance of ACT (e.g., cognitive defusion) can be implemented into treatment concurrently from a stance of increasing a patient's coping skills repertoire and psychological flexibility. This systemic case analysis examined the efficacy and clinical utility of integrating ACT into a manualized CBT treatment for GAD. Furthermore, this study examined treatment efficacy and therapeutic alliance as the treatment rapidly and unexpectedly transitioned from in-person to telehealth due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Pre- to post-treatment and time-series analyses showed significant decreases in anxiety symptoms, worry, depressive symptoms, and emotion dysregulation. Although there was an initial increase in depressive and anxiety symptoms, worry, and emotion dysregulation following the switch from in-person to telehealth services, these quickly subsided and resumed a downward trend. The therapeutic relationship did not deteriorate during the transition to telehealth. This case study provides evidence of feasibility and efficacy of an integrated CBT/ACT approach in treating GAD. It also suggests that despite some temporary increase in symptoms, therapeutic alliance and treatment efficacy were not impacted by the switch to telehealth.

5.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 512, 2022 07 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2002135

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The investigation of patient-reported outcomes and psycho-oncological interventions mainly focuses on psychological distress or psychopathology. However, the recognition of the equal importance of positive mental health (PMH) has increased lately. The PMH-scale is a brief questionnaire allowing to assess well-being in individuals in the general population and in patients. Previous studies evaluated the psychometric properties of the PMH-scale using classical test theory (CTT). This study is the first to investigate the PMH-scale in patients with cancer using item analysis according to the Rasch model. METHODS: In total, N = 357 cancer patients participated in the study. A Rasch analysis of the PMH-scale was conducted including testing of unidimensionality, local independence, homogeneity and differential item functioning (DIF) with regard to age, gender, type of cancer, the presence of metastases, psycho-oncological support, and duration of disease. Additionally, the ordering of the item thresholds as well as the targeting of the scale were investigated. RESULTS: After excluding one misfitting item and accounting for local dependence by forming superitems, a satisfactory overall fit to the Rasch model was established (χ2 = 30.34, p = 0.21). The new PMH-8 scale proved to be unidimensional, and homogeneity of the scale could be inferred. All items showed ordered thresholds, there was no further item misfit. DIF was found for age, but as the impact of DIF was not substantial, no adjustment related to the age-DIF had to be made. The Person Separation Index (PSI = 0.89) was excellent, indicating excellent discriminatory power between different levels of positive mental health. Overall, the targeting of the PMH-8 was good for the majority of the present sample. However, at both ends of the scale item thresholds are missing as indicated by a slight floor effect (1.4%) and a considerable ceiling effect (9.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the results of the analysis according to the Rasch model support the use of the revised PMH-scale in a psycho-oncological context.


Subject(s)
Mental Health , Patient Reported Outcome Measures , Humans , Psychometrics/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing ; 41:20-26, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1996013

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the effects of the events during the COVID-19 epidemic on adolescents' levels of intolerance of uncertainty, internet addiction, happiness, and life satisfaction. Structural Equation Modeling was used in the analysis of the data. Adolescents' internet use increased during the epidemic process. It was found that COVID-19 events increased intolerance of uncertainty, and negatively affected internet addiction and happiness (p < 0.001). In this process, internet addiction and happiness is a mediator (p < 0.001). It is recommended to monitor adolescents' internet use during the COVID-19 process and to provide information about COVID-19.

7.
JMIR Form Res ; 6(7): e39217, 2022 Jul 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1974539

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has required restrictive measures to mitigate transmission of the virus. Evidence has demonstrated increased generalized anxiety and depression among young adults due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, minimal research has examined the longitudinal effect of COVID-19 over the course of time and its impact on anxiety and depression. Additionally, age and gender have been found to play a significant role on individuals' mental health, with young adults and women particularly at risk. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety and depression upon admissions to treatment. METHODS: This was an observational study that was completed longitudinally in which the grouping variable split the time interval into five equal groups for assessments over each period of time. A total of 112 young adults (aged 18-25 years) were recruited for the study. Participants completed assessments online through a Qualtrics link. RESULTS: Psychometric properties of the admission assessments were uniformly highly statistically significant. There was a significant difference in generalized anxiety between the group-1 and group-3 time intervals. No significant difference was found across the time intervals for depression. Differences in predicting the impact of the psychometrics scores were found with respect to gender. Only the ability to participate and the quality-of-life subfactor of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT) assessment were significant. CONCLUSIONS: This study sought to understand the impact that COVID-19 has had on young adults seeking mental health services during the pandemic. Gender emerged as a clear significant factor contributing to increased anxiety in young adults seeking mental health services during the pandemic. These findings have critical importance to ensuring the potential treatment success rate of clients, while providing an overarching understanding of the impact of the pandemic and establishing clinical recommendations for the treatment of individuals who are seeking out treatment.

8.
Revue Europeenne de Psychologie Appliquee ; 72(4), 2022.
Article in English, French | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1959523

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The Highly Sensitive Person Scale based on the sensory-processing sensitivity is a self-assessment questionnaire consisting of 27 items. The scale is designed in order to identify individuals with high sensitivity. Objective: The objective was to develop a French version of the scale. We tested its internal consistency and test-retest reliability on a French population sample. Another aim of this study was also to question the multidimensionality of the scale, for which several different models are suggested within the literature. Method: After translation and back-translation, a validation study was conducted on 814 adults. They were invited to complete an online questionnaire during the lockdown implemented due to COVID 19, between March 31st and May 11th (2020). Results: The internal reliability of the French version of HSPS was very good, with a Cronbach's alpha of. 90, as was that of the factors. Correlations between factors were significant (p < .001). The intra-class correlation (ICC) for test-retest was. 889 (0.874–0.903;95% confidence interval). Factor analyses suggested a 4-factors structure, mixing the models found in the literature. Conclusions: This study focused on a French adaptation of the HSPS scale. The results showed good psychometric qualities and stayed true to the original HSPS scale. The scale could be useful both to practitioners in their clinical practice and to researchers in fundamental research. © 2022 Elsevier Masson SAS

9.
Przegl Epidemiol ; 76(1): 97-103, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1955473

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Adopting preventive behaviors and following the guidelines for controlling the COVID-19 epidemic depend on people's self-efficacy in carrying out these behaviors and instructions. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the COVID-19 Self-Efficacy Scale (COVID-19 SES, Hernández-Padilla et al., 2020). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in a group of 400 people who were residents of the city of Asadabad in western Iran from December 2020 to January 2021. The participants were selected using a convenience sampling method. Face and content validity was assessed qualitatively based on feedback from the participants and experts, and the necessary changes were applied to the final version of the questionnaire. For construct validity, exploratory factor analysis (n=200) and confirmatory factor analysis (n=200) were performed. Internal consistency was expressed as Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Relative stability was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and absolute stability was calculated through examination of standard error of measurement (SEM). RESULTS: In exploratory factor analysis, three factors of prevention, symptom recognition, and homemanagement of COVID-19 were extracted that together explained 71.35% of the total variance. The internal consistency of the whole instrument was 0.955 and its three dimensions were 0.894, 0.916 and 0.955, respectively. In addition, an ICC of 0.986 (95% CI: 0.975-0.993, p=0.001) was found. In the confirmatory factor analysis, comparative and parsimonious fit indices were excellent, and absolute fit indices were moderate. CONCLUSIONS: The Persian version of the COVID-19 SES has good validity and reliability and can be used to measure self-efficacy in prevention, symptoms recognition, and home-management of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Self Efficacy , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Poland , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(14)2022 Jul 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1938788

ABSTRACT

The Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT) has shown satisfactory validity evidence in several countries, with the 23-item version of the instrument reporting adequate psychometric properties also in the Italian context. This paper is aimed to present results from the Italian validation of the 12-item version of the BAT. Based on a sample of 2277 workers, our results supported the factorial validity of a higher-order model represented by 4 first-order factors corresponding to the core dimensions of burnout, namely exhaustion, mental distance, and emotional and cognitive impairment. The measure invariance of the BAT-12 between data collected before and during the COVID-19 pandemic was supported. However, ANCOVA results suggest a higher score on the second-order burnout factor on data collected during the COVID-19 pandemic in comparison with earlier data. In line with the JD-R model, the BAT-12 total score reported a positive association with job demands (i.e., workload, time pressure, and role conflict) and a negative association with job resources (i.e., job autonomy, coworkers' support) and personal resources (i.e., optimism, social self-efficacy, and task self-efficacy). Additionally, the BAT-12 showed a negative association with work engagement components (i.e., vigor, dedication, and absorption) and positive job attitudes (i.e., job satisfaction, affective commitment). All in all, our results identify the Italian version of the BAT-12 as a brief and reliable tool for measuring burnout among workers.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Psychological , COVID-19/diagnosis , Humans , Job Satisfaction , Pandemics , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
REVISTA DE PSICOTERAPIA ; 33(122):173-193, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1939724

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the online psychological intervention offered to users by the Applied Psychology Service during the health alert period decreed by COVID-19. In addition, we quantified the satisfaction and effectiveness perceived by the user after the intervention. Sixty adults (70.4% female) with an average age of 41.49 years were included. The instruments used pre-and post-intervention were the abbreviated versions of the Symptom Checklist (SA-45), the Clinical Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), the Coping Inventory (COPE-28) and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISK). The Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ-8) and the Perceived Intervention were completed after the end of the intervention. This intervention was designed with the objectives of decreasing initial symptomatology through psychoeducation and brief regulation exercises to enhance positive coping strategies and resilience. The results showed a significant decrease (p <.05) in the initial symptomatology on all the dimensions analyzed and a significant improvement on the coping strategies and resilience. A high overall score was observed in the users' satisfaction and perceived efficacy. In conclusion, our results point to a high efficacy of an online brief psychological intervention in a lockdown context.

12.
REVISTA DE PSICOLOGIA PUCP ; 40(2):711-738, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1939518

ABSTRACT

The goal is to adapt and analyze the psychometric properties of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) in workers of the national domestic violence helpline (Peru). Two measurements were taken in the same population (n=160). Translation-back translation was applied. Internal consistency was assessed with Cronbach's alpha, corrected Item-Total Correlation and omega coefficient. Test-retest was performed in the second measurement. Convergent validity was examined with Pearson correlations with the Secondary Taumatic Stress Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Fear of Covid-19 Scale. Confirmatory Factor Analysis confirmed that the three-correlated factor model has the best fit. Regarding reliability, adequate coefficients were found (alpha: >.82, omega: >.9l and intraclass correlation: > .66). The CBI scales are correlated with the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Fear of C-ovid-19 Scale, and they are also significantly associated with self-reported health status, but only work-related burnout is associated with self-reported workload. As a result, the CBI shows excellent psychometric properties.

13.
JOURNAL ON EFFICIENCY AND RESPONSIBILITY IN EDUCATION AND SCIENCE ; 15(2):94-102, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1939360

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of the presented study is to explore the existing risk of Internet addiction for undergraduate students of Czech universities. The research was conducted as quantitative research;a CIAS-R questionnaire was applied. The data were collected in the years just before the Covid-19 pandemic (between October 2019 and March 2020). 3,366 respondents (2,151 females and 1,215 males) participated in our questionnaire survey. The average CIAS-R score achieved by our respondents was 44 points. It equals 6% of addicted college students (when applying the cut-off point of 63/64), and 3% of addicted students (when applying the cut-off point of 67/68). A significantly higher risk was revealed in males and in full-time students compared to females, and part-time students, respectively. The type of faculty studied was proved to be a significant intervening variable. Applying the 63/64 cut-off point, we revealed 5.6% of addicted students among the students of faculties of education, which is alarming (even if we consider the fact that applying the 67/68 cut-off point, we revealed 2.7% of addicted students.). These students represented almost 50% of our respondents, and they, as future teachers, will play an important role in the prevention of risky behavior.

14.
RIED-REVISTA IBEROAMERICANA DE EDUCACION A DISTANCIA ; 25(2):153-172, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1939352

ABSTRACT

The academic sphere has been particularly affected by Covid-19 due to the limitations of mobility and social distancing facilitated by the increase in contagions during the various waves that have occurred in Spain, which has led to the digitalisation of teaching in most Spanish universities. The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of Covid-19 on the learning of university students in Andalusia, and how psychosocial (fear of Covid-19, life satisfaction, stress, uncertainty), learning (learning strategies, motivation, study time and habits, facilitating conditions, self-regulation) and socio-demographic factors (gender, age, course, address, scholarship, future employment, mobility, dropout) have been influenced. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study design was applied based on the distribution of an online survey. A total of 1873 university students, aged between 17 and 59 years (M = 22.42, SD = 4.45) participated in the study. The results revealed that: 1) the pandemic has affected students differently depending on the population strata to which they belong;2) there has been an increase in the levels of stress and uncertainty affecting students' mental health;3) academic dropout is a factor that has been and is present during the incidence of the pandemic;4) learning has been affected by the pandemic due to fear and uncertainty which has had a significant impact on students' motivation and self-regulation. Finally, the future lines of research of this work are discussed, highlighting the richness of the data obtained to advance knowledge on the impact of Covid-19 on university learning.

15.
J Anxiety Disord ; 89: 102586, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1930934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Commonly-used youth anxiety measures may not comprehensively capture fears, worries, and experiences related to the pervasive impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study described the development of the Fear of Illness and Virus Evaluation (FIVE) scales and validated the caregiver-report version. METHOD: After initial development, feedback was obtained from clinicians and researchers, who provided suggestions on item content/wording, reviewed edits, and provided support for the updated FIVE's content and face validity. Factor structure, measurement invariance, and psychometric properties were analyzed using data from a multi-site, longitudinal study of COVID-19-related effects on family functioning with 1599 caregivers from the United States and Canada. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analyses indicated a hierarchical five-factor structure best fit the data, resulting in a 31-item measure with four lower-order subscales: (1) Fears about Contamination and Illness; (2) Fears about Social Distancing, (3) Avoidance Behaviors, and (4) Mitigation Behaviors, and a higher-order factor, (5) Total Fears, indicated by the two fear-related lower-order subscales. Measurement invariance by country of residence, child age, and child sex was found. All subscales demonstrated strong internal consistency, appropriate item-scale discrimination, and no floor or ceiling effects. The Total Fears subscale demonstrated appropriate test-retest reliability. Concurrent validity supported by strong correlation with a youth anxiety measure. DISCUSSION: The FIVE provides a psychometrically-sound measure of COVID-19-related fears and behaviors in youth in a caregiver-report format. Future research is necessary to evaluate correlates and longitudinal symptom patterns captured by the FIVE caregiver-report, as well as the validity and reliability of a youth self-report version of the FIVE.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Caregivers , Adolescent , Child , Fear , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Pandemics , Parents , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Malays J Med Sci ; 29(3): 122-132, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1928998

ABSTRACT

Background: Malaysians are disillusioned with the increased number of COVID-19 infection cases and the prolonged lockdown period. As a result of COVID-19 mitigation measurements, Malaysians are experiencing emotional and psychological consequences such as anxiety. Thus, there is an urgent need to have an instrument that could serve as a tool to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 among Malaysians rapidly. Methods: This study aimed to adapt and validate the Malay version of the COVID-19 Anxiety Scale (M-CAS) among Malaysian adults. The back-to-back translation was done to produce a M-CAS. Following face validation, M-CAS was self-administered to 225 participants from Malaysia via an online survey. The participants also completed the Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7-item Scale (GAD-7), World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale, Abbreviated Version (WHOQOL-BREF) and the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S). Data analysis was conducted using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences and Analysis of a Moment Structures. The psychometric properties of the M-CAS were examined via Cronbach alpha and confirmatory factor analysis. M-CAS scores were compared with the other tools to provide external validity. Results: The statistical analysis revealed that the M-CAS demonstrated adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.890) and presented with a unidimensional factor structure. M-CAS scores were strongly correlated with GAD-7 (r = 0.511, P < 0.001) and FCV-19S (r = 0.652, P < 0.001). Lack of correlation between M-CAS and WHOQOL-BREF showed that M-CAS scores did not reflect perceived quality of life. Conclusion: The M-CAS is a valid and reliable tool in the Malay language that can be self-administered among Malaysians to assess anxiety levels induced by COVID-19. The M-CAS has only 7 items and utilised little time in real-life clinical practice.

17.
Arch Environ Occup Health ; : 1-10, 2022 Jul 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1922096

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has subjected healthcare workers to enormous stress. Measuring the impact of this public health emergency is essential to developing strategies that can effectively promote resilience and wellness. The Epidemic-Pandemic Impacts Inventory Supplemental Healthcare Module-Brief Version (EPII-SHMb) was developed to measure impacts among occupational cohorts serving on the front lines of healthcare. While this instrument has been utilized in COVID-19 related studies, little is known about its psychometric properties. This study collects evidence for validity of the EPII-SHMb by evaluating its internal structure and how its scores associate with other variables. Physicians and nursing staff across a large New York health system were cross-sectionally surveyed using an online questionnaire between June and November 2020. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a 3-factor solution, identifying factors Lack of Workplace Safety (7 items), Death/Dying of Patients (3 items), and Lack of Outside Support (2 items). Internal consistency was high overall and within physician/nursing and gender subgroups (Cronbach's alpha: 0.70 - 0.81). Median scores on Death/Dying of Patients were higher among those who directly cared for COVID-19 patients or worked in COVID-19 hospital units. These results are promising. Additional studies evaluating other dimensions of validity are necessary.

18.
European Journal of Mental Health ; 17(1):47-61, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1918039

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Parental burnout might take place when excessive demands overwhelm the parents' resources. Aims: To develop and validate the Hungarian version of the Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA-HUN), an instrument designed to measure parental burnout;and to determine the prevalence of parental burnout in Hungary. Methods: Data were collected via an online survey from parents with at least one child living in the household (N = 1215;82.6% mothers;M-age = 38.68 years;SDage = 6.27 years). Confirmatory factor analysis was used to investigate the factor structure of the PBA-HUN. Results: The four-factor structure of the original PBA was replicated, confirming the following factors: exhaustion in one's parental role, contrast with one's parental role, feelings of being fed up, and emotional distancing from one's children. A second-order model with a higher-order factor representing overall parental burnout also fit the data well. The internal consistency of both the subscale and total scores was excellent (alpha >= 0.84). Parental burnout had a moderately strong negative correlation with life satisfaction, and weak or moderate positive correlations with perceived stress, depression, vital exhaustion, and COVID-specific perceived stress supporting the construct validity of the PBA-HUN. The prevalence of parental burnout stood at 5.8% in this sample. The weak relationship between PBA-HUN scores and sociodemographic factors was also similar to those found in prior studies. Parental burnout correlated negatively with the number of hours spent sleeping and engaging in spare time activity, respectively. Conclusions: The PBA-HUN is a reliable and valid tool to assess parental burnout in Hungary.

19.
JOURNAL OF PROFESSIONAL NURSING ; 42:58-66, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1907686

ABSTRACT

Background: The career maturity of nursing students has an influence on their individual career choices and their personal career development trajectory. Psychological resilience and a positive professional self-concept might help students adjust and adapt to their nursing careers. Therefore, there is a growing need to assess and develop these psychological concepts among nursing students. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the levels of career maturity, psychological resilience, and professional self-concept among Chinese senior nursing students as well as to examine the relationships between the variables. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out across six undergraduate medical colleges in China from May to August 2021. A total of 1223 full-time final year undergraduate nursing students who fulfilled the study criteria were recruited using the universal sampling method. Self-administered questionnaires including the Career Maturity Scale (CMS), Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale-2 (CD-RISC2), and Professional Self-Concept of Nurses Instrument (PSCNI) were used for data collection. For results reporting, the study complied with the STROBE checklist. Results: The participants' career maturity, professional self-concept, and psychological resilience were found to be at moderate levels. Experience of being a class leader and actively choosing a nursing major were factors that had significant influence on students' career maturity, professional self-concept, and psychological resilience. Pear son's correlation analysis revealed career maturity to be closely related to professional self-concept and psychological resilience (p < 0.01). Results of structural equation modelling analyses revealed a good fit to the data based on various fit indices (chi(2)/df = 6.18, GFI = 0.926, CFI = 0.915, IFI = 0.957, RMSEA = 0.058). Nursing students with positive professional self-concepts demonstrated higher psychological resilience, which in turn influenced their career maturity. Conclusions: The results of this study provide the initial indications for an extended career maturity model. A positive professional self-concept and psychological resilience has the potential to improve the career maturity of nursing students. The study findings provide a basis for nursing educators to focus on improving the professional self-concept and psychological resilience of nursing students.

20.
Compr Psychiatry ; 116: 152328, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1894913

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen an increased incidence of social anxiety due to increasing intensive use of social media, especially among young adults. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to translate the original English version of Social Anxiety Scale for Social Media Users (SAS-SMU) into Chinese, examine its applicability among Chinese College students via reliability and validity indexes, and investigate the influencing factors contributing to SAS-SMU. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a cohort of 1307 Chinese college students, 486 males and 821 females, aged 20.75 ± 3.13 years old. The original version of SAS-SMU was translated into Chinese using the backward and forward translation procedure. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and a confirmatory factor (CFA) analysis were used for construction of underlying factor structure. Criterion-related validity was assessed using Interaction anxiousness scale (IAS) and the "extraversion" domain of Eysenck Personality Short Scale (EPQ-R-S). Cronbach's alpha coefficient was computed for evaluation of internal consistency. A multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis was conducted for determining the potential correlates of SMU-related social anxiety. RESULTS: The final Chinese version of SAS-SMU had 21 items. Item analysis, exploratory factor, EFA, and CFA jointly supported a three-factor structure of the translated version, defined as social recognition anxiety, interaction anxiety, and privacy concern anxiety, respectively. The three-factor structure of this scale showed configural, metric, scalar measurement invariance across gender. Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the scale and its three subscales were 0.96, 0.93, 0.94, and 0.91, respectively. The mean SAS-SMU overall score for each college student was 51.63 ± 16.32, with 21.64 ± 7.24 (recognition anxiety), 17.10 ± 6.30 (interaction anxiety), 12.90 ± 4.61 (privacy concern anxiety) for each subscale, respectively. IAS score, mobile phone addiction index (MPAI) score, EPQ-E score, time spent on social media per week, relationship with parents, childhood life status, whether being an only child, and cyber bullying experience can explain 51.1% of the variance of SMU related social anxiety. CONCLUSION: Based on the data, the Chinese version of SAS-SMU has shown to be satisfactory in psychometric properties. Subjects prone to interaction anxiousness, addictive smartphone use, extraversion personality trait, bad relationship with parents, unfortunate childhood life, only-child status, and having cyberbullying experience tend to have a higher level of SMU related social anxiety.


Subject(s)
Social Media , Adolescent , Adult , Anxiety/diagnosis , Child , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Psychometrics/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
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