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1.
Formacion Universitaria ; 15(2):93-102, 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1847478

ABSTRACT

The main objective of this research study is to conduct a comparative analysis of positive mental health between men and women university students isolated due to COVID-19. Positive mental health is reviewed theoretically, including its associated measurement factors. Basic concepts of discriminant analysis are examined. Discriminant analysis is applied to assess significant differences between 337 men and women university students by using the Lluch’s Positive Mental Health scale, which measures the following factors: pro-social attitude, autonomy, self-control, personal satisfaction, problem solving, and interpersonal relationships. The results show that pro-social attitude, self-control, and problem-solving are significant factors for positive mental health of male and female university students. In conclusion, these findings can be used to prioritize intervention factors in programs or processes to improve psychosocial conditions of a given population in educational contexts. © 2022

2.
International Journal of Nursing Education ; 14(2):118-130, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1836626

ABSTRACT

Background: The global coronavirus disease pandemic of 2019 (COVID-19) has caused health care provider to experience extraordinary psychological stress. Objective: This study assessed the psychological well-being of nurses during the COVID-19 outbreak and factors associated with it. Methods: An online survey was sent to all nurses working at the Ministry of Health Hospitals and living in Tabuk city, Saudi Arabia. A total of 219 nurses were completed the survey. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale -- 21 items (DASS-21) assessed the psychological well-being of respondents in the previous week. Results: One -quarter of nurses (24.7%) reported extremely severe symptoms of anxiety, more than one third (37%) reported extremely sever symptoms of stress, less than one quarter (14.1%) reported extremely sever symptoms of depression. Higher anxiety scores were significantly associated with direct contact with confirmed COVID 19 cases (p= 0.08), general health status (p= 0.001) and marital status (p= 0.042). Higher DASS-21 Stress scores were significantly associated with working more than eight hours per shift (p=0.024), marital status(P=0.036) and general health status (p <0.001). Higher DASS-21 Depression scores was significantly associated general health status (p <0.001). Conclusions & implication for practice: The COVID-19 outbreak has had a significant effect on the psychological well-being of Saudis nurses, particularly nurses who were married, had contact with COVID 19 cases, had working more than eight hours per shift, and had poor general health status. Protecting the psychological health of nursing staff is essential, nursing leaders are in charge of providing social support for nurses so that they will be able to cope with their anxiety, stress, and depression.

3.
International Journal of Nursing Education ; 14(2):50-57, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1836625

ABSTRACT

Background-Covid-19 Pandemic has proved the Nurse's crucial role in health care delivery system and providing nursing care to critically ill patients. It is a challenge for nurses as they need to be astute, competent, compassionate and critical thinker when they have to take care of patients on mechanical ventilator. Aim-To assess knowledge and practices regarding care of patients on mechanical ventilator among nursing personnel before and after administration ofNursing Care Bundle (NCB) in experimental and comparison group. Material and method. A Quasi Experimental non Equivalent comparison group pretest post test design used in thus study. 65 nursing personnels (30 experimental and 35 comparison groups) were selected from hospitals of North India using convenience sampling technique. NCB was administered in experimental group. Structured knowledge questionairre, Structured Observation Checklist for practices was used to collect data before and after intervention. Results-The mean post test knowledge and practices scores of nursing personnel in experimental and comparison groups were (21.6 ± 3.84, 30.83 ± 4.51) and (17.54 ± 2.76, 19.54 ± 4.17) respectively. There was significant difference between mean pre test and post test knowledge and practices scores (p=0.00).There was statistically no significant correlation between post test knowledge and practices score [r=0.16 (0.39)] among nursing personnel in experimental group at the level of significance 0.05.There was significant association of selected variable in area of gender (0.02) in experimental and education (0.02) in comparison group with pre test knowledge scores , also there was a significant association of selected variable in area of gender in experimental (0.03) and present area of working (0.03) in comparison group with pre test practices score. Conclusion-Nursing Care Bundle was effective in improving knowledge and practices of nursing personnel.

4.
Mental Health Review Journal ; 27(2):133-136, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1831705
16.
AORN Journal ; 115(5):P2-P3, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1825862
17.
Women's Healthcare: A Clinical Journal for NPs ; 10(2):1-3, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1824078
18.
Rivista Sperimentale di Freniatria: La Rivista della Salute Mentale ; 145(2):13-24, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1812636

ABSTRACT

It is largely recognized that the Covid-19 pandemic has a global impact on public mental health and on the psychosocial balance. The authors analyze critically a number of psychosocial factors (behaviors, beliefs, theories, social adjustment, etc.) related to pandemics, throughout history. They describe how social reactions to pandemics can be similar, over time and across cultures, and how strategies of social adjustment are based on the socio-cultural contexts. The authors argue that a historical analysis of pandemics and of their psychosocial factors could indicate political strategies and social interventions, and help promote social adjustment to the present-day global health and economic emergencies. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Italian) E stato ampiamente riconosciuto che la pandemia di Covid-19 sta avendo un impatto sulla salute mentale pubblica e sull'equilibrio psicosociale a livello globale. Questo articolo fornisce un'analisi critica dei fattori psicosociali (ad esempio comportamenti, credenze, teorie, adattamento sociale, ecc.) legati alle pandemie nel corso della storia. Verra inoltre evidenziato come le reazioni sociali alle pandemie possano essere simili nel corso dei secoli e tra culture diverse e strategie di adattamento sociale possano basarsi sul contesto socio-culturale. Riteniamo che un'analisi storica dei fattori psicosociali legati alle pandemie nel corso dei secoli possa suggerire strategie politiche e interventi sociali per promuovere l'adeguamento sociale all'attuale emergenza sanitaria ed economica globale. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

19.
Depiction of Health ; 13(1):127-144, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1812129

ABSTRACT

Background. The crisis caused by the novel coronavirus in 2019 has caused challenges and problems in most organizations and created difficulties for employees who are the most important organizational resource. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to identify the components of human resources (HR) during the new coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis, based on previous researches in this field. Material. This is a Meta-Synthesis study. Using the 4 keywords of human resources, human resource management, coronavirus, COVID-19, the researchers explored literature databases of Proquest, The Scientific Information Database (SID), Web of Science, Emerald journals as well as Google Scholar, the specialized search engine, in 2019-2021. The number of sources initially found was 1,029, of which 921 articles were rejected because of the title. The total number of screened s was 108, 16 of which we rejected on the basis of the s and 27 of which we rejected in view of content, leaving us with 65 final articles to be reviewed. Three universal themes, three constructive themes, 11 basic themes and 117 codes were extracted. Results. Based on the findings of this study social opportunities and threats are the biggest challenges for human resources. The HR unit should also focus on issues such as virtualization of work and work environment, the degree of external environment support for the organization's employees, how to restructure jobs, health, and psychological challenges, as well as economic and internal challenges. Conclusion. In dealing with the coronavirus, human resource managers should pay special attention to components such as virtualization of work and work environment, support of the external environment for employees of the organization, restructuring of jobs, health and psychological requirements and challenges, whether they be social, economic, or intra-organizational.

20.
Depiction of Health ; 13(1):1-17, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1812127

ABSTRACT

Background. Today, COVID-19 disease has caused fear and anxiety in all societies. The main purpose of this study was to find out the level of panic and fear of citizens over 20 years of age in East Azerbaijan province from the emerging disease of COVID-19 and to determine the role of some psychological and social variables related to it. Methods. In this research, a survey method has been used. The statistical population includes all citizens over 20 years of age in East Azerbaijan province in Iran while the statistical sample is estimated to be 384 people based on Lin sampling table with 95% confidence level. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data. The questionnaires were completed and collected in two stages in April 2020 and March 2021. The goal behind this time interval was to observe and compare the extent of coronary changes. SPSS software was used to test the relationship between variables and analyze the collected data. Results. About 45% of the participants were women and more than 55% were men. 24% of the respondents were single and 76% were married. In terms of education, the highest frequency (nearly 39%) was related to those with a bachelor's degree. In terms of age, the highest frequency is related to the age group of 41-50 years, which included about 30% of the participants. The mean score of corona phobia among the participants was 97.75 in April and 83.25 in March. Most of the psychosocial variables studied, including housekeeping, trust in medical staff and history of underlying diseases showed a statistically significant relationship with corona phobia (p<0.001). All variables in total were able to explain and predict about 70% of the variance of corona phobia. Conclusion. This study showed that corona phobia is closely related to psychological and social variables that should be considered by all institutions and people.

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