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1.
Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l'Environnement ; 2022.
Article in English, French | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2027828

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, repeated exposure of health care workers to unpredictable challenges in practice can affect their professional quality of life. The objectives of this study were to assess professional quality of life among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic and to investigate the relationships between professional quality of life and resilience. We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study, carried out in October and November 2020, among 250 health professionals, practicing in Tunisia. Data were collected through an online questionnaire distributed on social networks. We used the “Professional Quality of Life Scale-5” to assess professional quality of life and the “Brief Resilience Scale” to assess resilience. Compassion satisfaction was low to moderate in 77.6% of participants. Most participants (90.4%) had moderate burnout. Compassion fatigue was low to moderate in 98% of cases. Healthcare professionals with higher resilience scores had significantly higher compassion satisfaction scores, and significantly lower burnout and compassion fatigue scores. In addition, higher burnout scores were associated with significantly lower compassion satisfaction scores and significantly higher compassion fatigue scores. These associations were found after multivariate analysis using multiple linear regression. Our results highlight the altered professional quality of life among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Immediate interventions are essential to improve psychological resilience and build health systems capacity. © 2022 Elsevier Masson SAS

2.
Journal of Applied Business Research ; 37(6):217-224, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2027071

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 Pandemic, there were changes in work patterns such as work from home. The impact of the change in work from home patterns needs to be of concern to the organization. Working conditions that are not conducive to overcoming these changes in work patterns can lead to deviance in employee behavior due to mental health. This study investigates the effect of working conditions on the quality of life of employees. The research method used a survey approach with non-parametric analysis techniques. It is testing using a sample of 201 employees of respondents with a simple random sampling technique in local governments that handle transportation problems in West Bandung regency. The results indicated a significant influence of the work environment on the quality of life of employees. This result indicates that the presence of a work environment that is less conducive has a significant impact on the quality of life of employees, as indicated by the presence of anxiety and depression. The research implication shows that it is necessary to minimize existing work-related mental health by managing an efficient work environment.

4.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 102: 104719, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2027905

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 resulted in the older population being asked to remain at home and avoid other people outside their household. This could have implications for both receipt and provision of informal caring. OBJECTIVE: To determine if informal care provision by older carers changed during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic from pre-pandemic care and if this was associated with a change in mental health and well-being of carers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal nationally representative study of community dwelling adults from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) (Waves 3-COVID-Wave 6). METHODS: We studied a cohort of 3670 adults aged ≥60 in Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic (July-November 2020) and compared with previous data collections from the same cohort between 2014-2018. Independent variables were caregiving status and caregiving intensity, outcome measures included depressive symptoms (CES-D8), Perceived Stress (PSS4) and Quality of life (CASP12). Mixed models adjusting for socio-demographics and physical health were estimated. RESULTS: Caregiving increased from 8.2% (2014) to 15.4% (2020). Depression, and stress scores increased while quality of life decreased for all participants. Carers reported poorer mental health, and higher caring hours were associated with increased depression and stress and decreased quality of life scores on average, and increased depression was higher for women. CONCLUSIONS: Informal caregiving increased during the pandemic and family caregivers reported increased adverse mental health and well-being and this continued throughout the early months of the pandemic. The disproportionate burden of depression was highest in women providing higher caring hours.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Caregivers , Aging/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Caregivers/psychology , Female , Humans , Ireland/epidemiology , Longitudinal Studies , Mental Health , Pandemics , Quality of Life
5.
Ir J Med Sci ; 2022 Mar 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2027651

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study was planned to examine the effects of tele-yoga training on menstrual symptoms, quality of life, anxiety-depression level, body awareness, and self-esteem in healthy women. METHODS: Thirty-two healthy premenopausal women between the ages of 18 and 45 were included in the study. The women were randomly divided into two groups as tele-yoga training (n: 16) and the control group (n: 16). The tele-yoga training was performed on the Zoom software for 6 weeks, 2 times a week and 45 min a day. No intervention was made in the control group. Menstrual pain and symptoms by Menstrual Symptom Scale (MSS), quality of life by Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), depression levels by Beck Depression Scale (BDS), anxiety levels by State and Trait Anxiety Scale (STAI), body awareness by Body Awareness Questionnaire (BAQ), and self-esteem by Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) were determined. RESULTS: In the tele-yoga training group, statistically significant improvements were observed in the MSS total (p = 0.001), negative effects (p = 0.003), menstrual pain symptoms (p = 0.003), coping methods (p = 0.001) sub-parameters, BDS score (p = 0.000), NHP sleep (p = 0.021), energy (p = 0.002), emotional (p = 0.000), and isolation (p = 0.039) sub-parameters. In the control group, there was statistically significant worsening in the NHP total score (p = 0.000). As regards the differences in values between the two groups, there were statistically difference in favor of the training group in sub-parameters of MSS, NHP sleep, energy, emotional, and isolation sub-parameters, and BDS and BAQ scores (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: It is thought that tele-yoga training may be a safe and effective method in reducing menstrual symptoms and depression, increasing quality of life, and body awareness.

6.
Rev. psicol. organ. trab ; 21(4): 1672-1680, out.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-2025239

ABSTRACT

Este artigo investigou a relação entre o conflito trabalho-família, as estratégias de conciliação, a qualidade de vida e a satisfação conjugal em 149 trabalhadores, casados e com filhos, durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Os participantes responderam a um questionário on-line com diferentes escalas psicológicas. Os resultados indicaram que o conflito entre os domínios foi caracterizado pela interferência do trabalho na família. As estratégias de conciliação mais utilizadas foram: (a) apoio do cônjuge, (b) atitude positiva frente aos múltiplos papéis e (c) competências de gestão e planejamento. Aspectos físicos e psicológicos da qualidade de vida foram preditores do conflito entre os domínios. A satisfação conjugal se relacionou com a estratégia de apoio do cônjuge. Os resultados ajudam a compreender como os indivíduos conciliaram trabalho e família durante o distanciamento social.


The article investigated the relationship between work-family conflict, conciliation strategies, quality of life, and marital satisfaction in 149 workers, married and with children, during the COVID-19 pandemic. The participants answered an online questionnaire with different psychological scales. The results indicated that the conflict between the domains was characterized by the interference of work in the family. The most used conciliation strategies were spouse support, positive attitude towards multiple roles, planning, and management skills. Physical and psychological aspects of quality of life were predictors of conflict between domains. Marital satisfaction was related to the support of the spouse. The results help to understand how individuals reconciled work and family during social distancing.


Este artículo investigó la relación entre conflicto trabajo-familia, estrategias de conciliación, calidad de vida y satisfacción conyugal en 149 trabajadores, casados y con hijos, durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Los participantes respondieron un cuestionario online con diferentes escalas psicológicas. Los resultados indicaron que el conflicto entre los dominios se caracterizó por la interferencia del trabajo en la familia. Las estrategias de conciliación más utilizadas fueron: (a) apoyo del cónyuge, (b) actitud positiva frente múltiples roles y (c) competencias de gestión y planificación. Los aspectos físicos y psicológicos de la calidad de vida fueron predictores de conflicto entre los dominios. La satisfacción conyugal se relacionó con la estrategia de apoyo del cónyuge. Los resultados ayudan a comprender cómo los individuos conciliaron el trabajo y la familia durante el distanciamiento social.

7.
National Journal of Community Medicine ; 13(8):515-519, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026904

ABSTRACT

Context/Background: Earlier studies have shown a possible correlation between skin health and physical activity. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted physical activity levels due to many reasons. Aims/Objectives: This study aims to analyze the correlation between physical activity and dermatology quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. This study used Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ-SF) in Bahasa Indonesia to measure dermatology quality of life and physical activity. Results: A total of 207 adults participated in this study. Our study showed that females are at risk for developing a DLQI score >10 (PR: 1.23, 95% CI: 3.05-4.97). There is no significant relationship between physical activity measured in IPAQ-SF with skin-related quality of life measured by DLQI. Conclusions: A significant relationship was observed between the female sex and comorbidity with a skin condition that impairs life quality. However, this study found no significant relationship between physical activity measured in IPAQ-SF with skin-related quality of life measured in DLQI. © The Authors retain the copyrights of this article, with first publication rights granted to Medsci Publications.

8.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):74-86, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2026897

ABSTRACT

Public health law is a legal concept not only regulating the provision of health services but also improving the quality of life and extending access to the service for the public members. Covid-19 opens access to health services for the people, and it serves as an indispensable part in the survival of the people, including the vulnerable people of adat law. This research aims to analyze the degree of success in implementing public health law in Tenganan Pegrisingan village-Bali in the scope of preparedness or response to the pandemic. This research employed socio-legal methods involving interviews, observation, and focus group discussion (FGD). Primary data were collected from interviews and FGD, involving the participation of the traditional chief, village head, and other adat figures in Tenganan Pegringsingan-Bali. The research analysis required a descriptive-qualitative approach. This research sees how the tenganan Pagringsingan tribe clings on to their sovereignty to survive and respond to the Covid-19 pandemic without leaving their framework governed by international and national laws. It leads to the research result revealing that the public health law in Tenganan Pegrisingan adat village combines traditional and modern elements and spiritual and science. This approach can set a model for other village communities. The leadership role of adat people that are inherent, strong, and obeyed has made public health law more properly managed and more effective in dealing with the pandemic. The supportive policy framework that is harmonized at all international, national, and regional levels and all over adat villages is a prerequisite to help maximize the potential of tribal public health system innovation.

9.
Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology ; 11(2):121-128, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026846

ABSTRACT

Background: Nursing is a profession through which a set of sometimes difficult tasks is assigned to nurses who face several physical and mental stressors in the workplace. Therefore, this study investigates the nurses' quality of life level in Khorramabad (Iran) during the first 3 months of the COVID-19 epidemic. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was carried out on 361 nurses of Khorramabad teaching hospitals in the first 3 months of the COVID-19 epidemic in 2020. Participants were selected by stratified random sampling of the nursing population. Data were collected using the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire. The independent t-test and ANOVA were used to analyze the data. SPSS version 22 was used for data analysis, and P-value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: There was a significant association between marital status, having children, spouse employment status, hospital ward, and quality of life of nurses over the time of the COVID-19 outbreak (P <0.05). No significant association was observed between age, gender, education level, work experience, having a second job, and level of quality of life in nurses over the COVID-19 outbreak. Conclusions: Most nurses had a good quality of life;however, the quality of life varied depending on marital status, number of children, spouse employment status, and place of employment in nurses. © The Author(s) 2022.

10.
Ceskoslovenska Psychologie ; 66(4):383-397, 2022.
Article in Slovak | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2026828

ABSTRACT

The rapidly spreading of COVID-19 pandemic has affected all aspects of people,s daily lives around the world. It has negative impact on society, a matter of great concern, especially for cancer patients. They are at increased risk of complications and mortality from coronavirus infection due to cancer and its treatment. Alongside the clinical risk, attention should be also paid to the psychological risks of the pandemic, especially regarding the increase in emotional stress, anxiety, depression and loneliness in patients. To date, there are only a limited number of studies examining the potential psychological effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer patients. This narrative review synthesizes available findings including pandemic barriers to cancer care, as well as pandemic concerns and their subsequent psychosocial impact on quality of life in a particularly high-risk group of cancer patients. It highlights some of the care options for patients during the current pandemic, that can be used in case of future pandemics or in the post-pandemic period. An overview of these findings can provide a closer look of the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of life of cancer patients and provide a better understanding of their concerns and overall well-being. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Rýchlo sa šíriaca pandémia ochorenia Covid-19 ovplyvnila všetky aspekty každodenného života ľudí po celom svete. Spôsobila negatívne dopady pre celú spoločnosť, avšak vysoké obavy vyvoláva najmä u onkologických pacientov, u ktorých je v dôsledku onkologického ochorenia a jeho liečby prítomné zvýšené riziko komplikácií a úmrtnosti v prípade nákazy koronavírusom. Súbežne s klinickým rizikom je potrebné venovať pozornosť aj psychologickým rizikám pandémie, najmä čo sa týka nárastu emocionálneho stresu, úzkosti, depresie a osamelosti u týchto pacientov. Do dnešného dňa je k dispozícii iba obmedzený počet štúdií podrobne skúmajúcich potenciálne psychologické dopady pandémie Covid-19 u pacientov s diagnostikovanou rakovinou. Tento naratívny prehľad syntetizuje doposiaľ dostupné poznatky zahrňujúce pandemické bariéry pre onkologickú starostlivosť pacientov, ako aj obavy v dôsledku pandémie a ich následný psychosociálny vplyv na kvalitu života v obzvlášť rizikovej skupine onkologických pacientov. Štúdia tiež poukazuje na niektoré možnosti starostlivosti o pacientov počas súčasnej pandémie, využiteľné aj v prípade budúcich pandémií, či v postpandemickom období. Prehľad týchto poznatkov môže poskytnúť bližší obraz psychologického dopadu pandémie Covid-19 na kvalitu života pacientov s onkologickým ochorením a umožniť lepšie porozumieť ich obavám i celkovému prežívaniu. (Slovak) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Ceskoslovenska Psychologie is the property of Institute of Psychology of the Academy of Sciences and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

11.
Indian Journal of Extension Education ; 58(3):126-130, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026823

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to loss of human life and presented an unprecedented challenge to public health and food systems. The study was conducted to assess the factors in terms of livelihood profile determining awareness and adaptation level. Using random sampling procedure, data were collected from 80 farmers from four villages under two blocks of Coochbehar district in 2021. Altogether eleven variables i.e., age, education, information availability, social participation, quality of common facilities services, mean distance of common facility services, economic status, expenditure during pandemic, net landholding, number of migrants in family and duration of migration explain 46.9 per cent of variance in awareness level and six variables i.e., personal cosmopolite sources use, social recognition, annual family income before and during pandemic and expenditure before and during pandemic explain 63.7 per cent variance of adaptation level. Rural people should be encouraged to participate in different extension activities. Findings would serve as a valid reference for researchers and policy makers concerning pandemic issues.

12.
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Trabalho ; 20(1):94-104, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026808

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 imposed restrictions to movement, generating new work dynamics especially in the education sector, where remote working has become the rule. The overlapping of work-related and domestic tasks and the fear of the virus generated an additional burden to workers, with unknown effects on their quality of life. Objectives: To estimate the quality of life of employees of the education sector who were working remotely during the pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 and identify associated factors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study performed with a sample of 317 government employees of a federal university between August 25 2020 and September 11 2020. Standardized questionnaires concerning sociodemographic and economic aspects were constructed using the Google Forms tool. The European Health Interview Survey – Quality of Life 8-item index was used to assess quality of life. Multiple linear regression was used to check for associations between variables using quality of life scores as outcome (alpha value of 5%). This research proposal was approved by the National Research Ethics Commission, with a Certificate of Presentation for Ethical Appreciation No. 33636220.1.0000.0056. Results: The European Health Interview Survey – Quality of Life 8-item index resulted in mean adjusted scores of 3.5 ± 1.9. Quality of life was independently associated with age (β = 0.01, 95% confidence interval 0.00 to 0.02, p = 0.015), physical activity (β = 0.19, 95% confidence interval 0.00 to 0.38, p = 0.049), smoking habits (β = 0.54, 95% confidence interval 0.19 to 0.88, p = 0.002), having a dedicated workspace (β = 0.14, 95% confidence interval 0.02 to 0.26, p = 0.023), performing housework (β = -0.20, 95% confidence interval -0.32 to -0.08, p < 0.001), financial difficulties (β = -0.26, 95% confidence interval -0.40 to -0.12, p < 0.001), and the impact of social distancing at work (β = -0.33, 95% confidence interval -0.47 to -0.19, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The level of quality of life within the sample was reasonable;it was higher among older participants who were physically active and did not smoke, and lower when the socioeconomic situation was unfavorable. This highlights the importance of constructing support strategies while the effects of the pandemic linger. © 2022 Associacao Nacional de Medicina do Trabalho. All rights reserved.

13.
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Trabalho ; 20(1):55-64, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026801

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Quality of working life consists in a dynamic management of physical, technological, and sociopsychological factors that affect culture and renovate the organizational climate, reflecting on workers’ wellbeing. Objectives: To identify changes in eating habits, physical activity, and hours of sleep, as well as their influence on the quality of working life of professors who shifted to remote working during the pandemic. Methods: This study has a quantitative, descriptive, observational design and was performed with faculty members of a private higher education institution in May 2020;40 professors participated in our research. We used a virtual questionnaire containing Walton’s quality of working life scale (1973) and questions on lifestyle habits. Results: We observed that changes in lifestyle habits were correlated with lower or higher perceptions of satisfaction with the 4 evaluated criteria referring to quality of life: working conditions, use of capacities at work, social interaction at work, and the space work occupies in life. Conclusions: The mean quality of working life score of faculty members working remotely during lockdown demonstrated that, despite changes in work and lifestyle habits, professors still maintained a certain degree of satisfaction with the aspects of work evaluated in this study. © 2022 Associacao Nacional de Medicina do Trabalho. All rights reserved.

14.
Nephrology Nursing Journal ; 49(4):335-344,381, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026721

ABSTRACT

Studies have found that yoga may be beneficial to patients with chronic diseases by improving physical functioning, cardiovascular risk factors, and mood disorders. To date, minimal research has been conducted on the benefits of yoga in patients on chronic hemodialysis. Yoga utilizes postures, breathing, and meditation to help focus the mind and engage the body in low-to-moderate physical activity. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of conducting a chair yoga study and compare the effects of a four-week chair yoga intervention on psychological and physiological outcomes in a sample of 31 patients on chronic hemodialysis. At study completion, the chair yoga group had significantly lower depression and anxiety scores, and diastolic blood pressure than the standard care group. This study demonstrated the difficulty in recruiting participants for yoga studies. Future studies with larger sample sizes and over longer durations of time should be conducted to further validate findings. In addition, further exploration of interventions to promote motivation in this population to participate in similar low-intensity exercises needs to be conducted.

15.
Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing (Online) ; 39(3):33-44, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026719

ABSTRACT

Nurses can and need to take a leadership role in improving and maintaining older Australians' oral health in community, hospital, and residential care settings. [...]it is important to investigate the perspectives of nursing educators on the preparation of nursing students for the care of older people's oral health. Keywords: aged care, oral health, nursing, older people, nursing curricula, dental care, interprofessional and collaborative practice INTRODUCTION The oral health of many older Australians (65 years and above) remains poor despite an increased understanding of the importance of oral health and its association with general healths 2 Due to blood-borne pathogens from the mouth, oral diseases worsen heart problems, diabetes, and pneumonia, leading to unplanned hospitalisations.3"5 Poor oral health also increases the severity of complications arising from viral infections, including COVID-19.6,7 Predominant oral health issues for older people include tooth decay, gum diseases, dry mouth, tooth wear, and oral cancer.8 Poor oral health leads to oral pain, difficulties in eating, speaking, and swallowing as well as lower self-esteem due to bad breath and poor facial and dental appearance.9 Maintaining oral health - a mouth free of pain, discomfort and disease - is key to maintaining the quality of life and general health of older people.10 In providing oral healthcare, nurses need to understand the factors affecting people's oral health and oral healthrelated quality of life, ensure daily oral care practice, and be able to complete an oral health screening to identify issues needing timely referral to a dentist, doctor, or allied health specialist.11 Oral healthcare for older people has been promoted by Australian government-funded learning resource packages such as "Better Oral Health in Residential Care" and "Better Oral Health in Home Care".12 These resources were developed a decade ago to educate and assist nurses, nursing assistants, and allied health professionals to collaborate with dental professionals to ensure effective oral healthcare for the older population.12 However, the uptake of these learning resource packages appears limited, and the report of the Royal Commission into Aged Care Quality and Safety highlighted the continuing neglect of older people's oral health, particularly in residential care.13 Similar concerns have been raised about the oral healthcare of older people in hospitals in Australia.14 As people age, many become frail and require assistance with oral care. The importance of nurses in providing oral healthcare has been acknowledged in international reports and studies.15-18 Restrictions to dental services during the COVID -19 pandemic have highlighted the need for the leadership of nurses in oral healthcare, working closely with dentists, doctors, and allied health professionals to maintain older adults' oral and general health.19 Nursing curricula need to specify the knowledge and clinical competence requirements for the effective provision of oral healthcare to ensure that all graduating students are well-prepared to provide such care.11 Despite the acknowledged association between poor oral health and general health, 13, 20-22 there is little known about the extent of the preparation of nursing students in Australia to provide oral healthcare for older people.11 A review of the curricula of Australian Bachelor of Nursing programs, as presented on university websites, by the first author (VB) showed no information regarding the inclusion of units and clinical practice addressing the care of older people's oral health. Competence in oral healthcare may be implied in current Australian Nursing and Midwifery Accreditation Council (ANMAC) Standards (Standard 3.6 does require nursing programs to integrate principles of interprofessional learning and practice in content and learning outcomes) but there is no particular focus on oral healthcare learning objectives.23 To address this apparent lack of focus on oral healthcare, this study aimed to assess the perceptions of nursing educators regarding the preparation of nursing students to understand and provide effective oral healthcare, particularly for older people.

16.
Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia ; - (8):78, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026559

ABSTRACT

The impact of the COVID-2019 pandemic varies significantly across different groups of countries, depending on their level of socioeconomic development and the type of national anti-COVID policies. The author considers the features of the social consequences of the covid-crisis in catch-up countries using the case of China, where in 2020–2022 an artificial isolation was effected as a part zero tolerance policy. The study is based on a sociological survey conducted by the author (N = 4842) using a random sampling in two cities of the Northeastern provinces of the PRC, bordering the Primorsky Territory of the Russian Federation, and significantly dependent on economic ties with Russia sharply decreased during the pandemic. Many specific changes in employment of the population were revealed: a general decline in the standard of living (almost 2/3 of the respondents), mass layoffs (more than a quarter), increase in gender inequality. It was found that the impact of the pandemic on employment and quality of life is especially negative for China's informally employed population.Alternate :Влияние пандемии COVID-2019 существенно варьируется в разных группах стран в зависимости от уровня их социально-экономического развития и от типа национальной антиковидной политики. Автор рассматривает особенности социальных последствий кризиса, вызванных пандемией СOVID-9, в странах догоняющего развития на примере КНР, где в 2020–2022 гг. осуществлялась искусственная изоляция, вызванная политикой нулевой терпимости к пандемии. Анализируются материалы проведенного автором социологического опроса (N = 4842) по случайной выборке в двух городах северо-восточных провинций КНР, граничащих с Приморским краем РФ и существенно зависящих от экономических связей с Россией, резко сократившихся во время пандемии. Выявлены многие специфические изменения в занятости населения: широкие масштабы снижения уровня жизни (у почти 2/3 респондентов), массовые увольнения (более 1/4), усиление гендерного неравенства. Особо негативно влияние пандемии на занятость и качество жизни неофициально трудоустроенных.

17.
Telehealth and Medicine Today ; 6(4), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026483

ABSTRACT

As we look towards post-pandemic health delivery, the role of telehealth must be examined. We use the RE-AIM framework to discuss the challenges and successes of telehealth during the pandemic in the United States, and propose critical aspects to consider for optimizing telehealth care in the future.

18.
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal ; 28(8):553-554, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026385

ABSTRACT

In 2014, WHO Member States endorsed the World Health Assembly Resolution 67.19 on Strengthening of Palliative Care as a component of comprehensive care throughout the life course (2), recognizing the importance of palliative care for the attainment of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and highlighting the opportunities to advance its integration into health systems through primary health care and home-based care services. In addition to the heightened quality of life and the ethical imperative to ease patients from preventable suffering and pain, studies have indicated a significant cost-saving public health impact when palliative care is integrated into health systems, allowing more effective use of resources and minimizing unnecessary and prolonged hospitalization (7,8). To assist countries in their efforts to achieve palliative care integration, WHO/EMRO has established a regional palliative care expert network, which consists of a multidisciplinary team of local champions from across the region, who provide their expertise on regional technical tools and products across the domains of policy, human resources, and service delivery, as well as specific technical support tailored to the needs of countries when needed (12). [...]palliative care remains a core component of the three WHO flagship initiatives on childhood, breast and cervical cancer for which focused country support is being provided (13-15).

19.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 50(5):16-22, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2025813

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a clinical syndrome characterized by IgE-mediated inflammation of the nasal mucosa. The present study investigates the quality of life (QoL) with AR among adults, using widely validated questionnaires, unlike in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was conducted, analyzing the QoL of 102 children with AR aged between 10-15 years, belonging to two health centers (HC) in Zaragoza and two HC in Coruña. The comparison of means between the two groups is carried out using the Student's test or the Mann-Whitney test, considering a value of p˂0.05 to be significant. RESULTS: Around 102 children were studied, with a majority (59.8%) being male and a mean age of 12 years. Around 76.5% have a family history of atopy. It was found that AR is more prevalent in Zaragoza (p ˂0.005), and asthmais highly prevalent in Coruña (p ˂0.001). The most important sensitizations are pollen in Zaragoza (p ˂0.05) and dust mites in A Coruña (p ˂0.001). More treatment needs and associated comorbidities (p˂0.05) were observed in A Coruña. The results of the ESPRINT-15 show that 63% of the patients have a good QoL, 27% fair, and 8.8%, poor. Those sensitized to mites have a worse score (p = 0.02). It was found that 52% of children experienced improvement during home confinement, with no notable differences between the two populations. The use of the mask favored QoL in patients from Zaragoza (p ˂0.001). CONCLUSION: It was concluded that AR influences the QoL in pediatric patients. Greater QoL involvement, need for treatment, and comorbidities are observed in patients sensitized to dust mites compared to those sensitized to pollens. It was also observed that masks improved the symptoms, stopping patients being sensitized to pollens.

20.
Current Neurology ; 21(2):102-102–106, 2021.
Article in Polish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2025788

ABSTRACT

Herpes zoster (shingles) is an acute infectious viral disease that may develop in individuals who have previously had chickenpox. Unlike chickenpox, shingles is more likely to occur in adults, with the risk increasing with age. The paper presents treatment outcomes in a 63-year-old patient with severe thoracic pain persisting for 5 weeks. The treatment included 15 sessions of magnetic stimulation using a low induction variable magnetic field, performed once a day, which allowed to significantly reduce pain, as assessed using the Laitinen Pain Scale. The inclusion of magnetic stimulation as an element of comprehensive therapy also improved the patient’s quality of life, as assessed with EuroQol (a score of 25 before the therapy vs. 65 after the therapy).

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