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1.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(15)2022 Jul 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1994042

ABSTRACT

(1) Background: In view of the advancing digitalization of the German banking sector, offering remote work can be an opportunity for banks to meet changing customer and employee needs at the same time. It allows flexible consultations at changing locations and, due to the high degree of autonomy, it also increases motivation, meaningfulness, happiness at work, and commitment. (2) Methods: This study used a quasi-experimental design to investigate how remote work affects happiness at work and affective commitment among employees in a German public bank. Therefore, two groups of customer advisors were examined, who work either remotely (N = 32) or stationary (N = 110) at similar tasks. (3) Results: The group comparisons show significantly higher values overall on three of the investigated four happiness dimensions ("meaningfulness", "self-actualization", and "community professional") for employees in the remote group. Commitment also differs, as employees in the remote group show significantly stronger commitment. The quantitative results were confirmed by qualitative interviews. (4) Conclusions: By investigating the positive effects of remote working, this study shows new findings on what is likely to be a growing design form of New Work in the future. The study provides evidence that self-selected work environments and working hours offer an opportunity to make work more conducive to happiness-even in a sector that still undergoes significant shifts.


Subject(s)
Happiness , Workplace , Humans , Motivation
2.
Eur J Public Health ; 2022 Aug 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1992174

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This paper investigates the impact of a non-mandatory and age-specific social distancing recommendation on isolation behaviors and disease outcomes in Sweden during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic (March to July, 2020). The policy stated that people aged 70 years or older should avoid crowded places and contact with people outside the household. METHODS: We used a regression discontinuity design-in combination with self-reported isolation data from COVID Symptom Study Sweden (n = 96,053; age range: 39-79 years) and national register data (age range: 39-100+ years) on severe COVID-19 disease (hospitalization or death, n = 21,804) and confirmed cases (n = 48,984)-to estimate the effects of the policy. RESULTS: Our primary analyses showed a sharp drop in the weekly number of visits to crowded places (-13%) and severe COVID-19 cases (-16%) at the 70-year-threshold. These results imply that the age-specific recommendations prevented approximately 1,800 to 2,700 severe COVID-19 cases, depending on model specification. CONCLUSION: It seems that the non-mandatory, age-specific recommendations helped control COVID-19 disease during the first wave of the pandemic in Sweden, as opposed to not implementing a social distancing policy aimed at older adults. Our study provides empirical data on how populations may react to non-mandatory, age-specific social distancing policies in the face of a novel virus. SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL: Online appendix with figures, tables, extra methods and results.

3.
International Journal of Information and Education Technology ; 12(6):467-475, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1847902

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic had caused an unprecedented impact on teachers and students in their teaching and learning process. Diverse teaching and learning tools are essential to ensure that education continues. This confinement provides an opportunity to enculture a new norm for learning among Malaysian students and teachers. Usage of web 2.0 tools has indirectly encouraged students to study on their own and communicate dynamically with peers and teachers during online lessons. A mixed-method quasi-experimental study involving pre-test and post-test was conducted to investigate the impact of using web 2.0 tools on students’ achievement. 60 Form Two students were divided into control and experimental groups where the experimental group had lessons using The Product, Process, Person, and Press model of creative approach with web 2.0 tools while the control group was taught using the teacher-centered instruction. The creative approach using web 2.0 tools has not only produced advancement in students’ achievement in the science subject but has also motivated them to complete the assessments given during online lessons. The findings also emanated that students’ motivation to learn science through online learning was due to the usage of 2.0 tools. Hence, science teachers ought to be better prepared with the skills as well as better-designed learning modules and experiences to incorporate integrated online learning and face-to-face class with a blended learning approach seamlessly. © 2022 by the authors.

4.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 624, 2022 May 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1833311

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite significant achievements made towards HIV testing, linkage to antiretroviral therapy treatment and viral load suppression, the Sub-Saharan region of Africa continues to be reported to have the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS, with over 26 million people living with the disease. In light of the added burden on already overwhelmed health systems due to the Covid-19 pandemic, maintaining the reliability and accuracy of point-of-care diagnostics (POC) results is crucial to ensure the sustainability of quality service delivery. The integration of technology-based interventions into nurse education curricula is growing, to help prepare students for the current practice environment which requires access to large amounts of information. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a Mobile Learning (mLearning) Curriculum on improving the quality of HIV rapid testing services in rural clinics of KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa. METHODS: To achieve the aim of this study, pre-test and post-test audits were conducted in a quasi-experimental design. Eleven clinics of KZN, with the highest availability and usage of POC diagnostics were selected from a cross-sectional study survey to constitute the sample of this study. The World Health Organization On-site Monitoring Checklist-Assessment of Quality System was adapted and used as an audit tool to evaluate four key quality components. The effect of the mLearning curriculum on HIV testing quality improvement was determined through statistically comparing pre-audit and post-audit results. The independent samples t-test and the Levene's test were employed to evaluate the equality of measured variables for the two groups. The relationships between variables were estimated using the Pearson pair wise correlation coefficient (p) and correlations were reported as significant at p < 0.05. RESULTS: A total of 11 clinics was audited at the pretest and 7 clinics were audited post-piloting of the mLearning curriculum. The estimated level of compliance of the participating clinics to quality HIV rapid testing guidelines ranged between poor and moderate quality. The mLearning curriculum was shown to have no statistically significant effect on the quality of POC diagnostic services provided in rural clinics of KZN. CONCLUSION: The mLearning curriculum was shown to have no statistically significant effect on the quality of HIV rapid testing services provided in participating clinics; however, multiple barriers to the full adoption of the piloted curriculum were identified. The provision of reliable technology devices and improved internet connection were recommended to enhance the adoption of technology-based interventions necessary to improve access to relevant learning material and updated information.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Cross-Sectional Studies , Curriculum , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Testing , Humans , Pandemics , Primary Health Care , Reproducibility of Results , South Africa
5.
Clin Infect Dis ; 73(9): 1703-1706, 2021 11 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1501055

ABSTRACT

In ecologic analyses of US states, piecewise multivariable models showed lower case-rate slopes after implementation of mask requirements: -1.0% (95% confidence interval, -1.34% to -.57%) and -0.44% (-.86% to -.03%) per 100 000 per day in early- and late-adopter states, respectively, compared with never-adopter states. Our findings support statewide mask requirements to mitigate transmission of coronavirus disease 2019.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hospitalization , Humans , Masks , SARS-CoV-2 , United States/epidemiology
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