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1.
Agri-the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology ; 34(2):77-83, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1856389

ABSTRACT

Objectives:The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a decrease or interruption of outpatient and elective interventional procedures of patients with chronic pain worldwide. This study aims to investigate the attitude changes of pain physicians in Turkey in the treatment of chronic pain patients and the compliance of these changes with the published guidelines. Methods: A total of 113 pain physicians were sent an online questionnaire forms to be completed voluntarily. Results:The questionnaire was completed by 61% (n=69) of the total physicians to whom it was sent to.The rate of physicians who did not request the COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction test from their patients before any interventional procedure was 48% (n=33). The rate of physicians who ignored the immunosuppressive effect and while prescribing opioids and did not reduce the opioid dose was 42% (n=29). The rate of physicians who did not reduce the corticosteroid dose they used in their interventional procedures was 61% (n=42). It was determined that 49.1% (n=28) of physicians who applied facet joint medial branch radiofrequency denervation (RFD) during the pandemic period decreased the number of diagnostic blocks they applied compared to the pre-pandemic period. It was found that 51% (n=24) of the physicians who applied genicular nerve RFD during this period did not perform any diagnostic blocks. Conclusion: It was found that the majority of physicians did not change their preferences in the dose and/or type of opioid and corticosteroid drugs, but they tended to reduce the number of diagnostic blocks they applied before facet joint medial branch/genicular RFD procedures.

2.
Acta Phlebologica ; 22(3):79-83, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818990

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This preliminary study aimed to evaluate the safety of radiofrequency (RF) thermoablation of the great saphenous vein (GSV) with immediate foam sclerotherapy of superficial tributary veins performed in the outpatient clinic (Hospital Department). Further, we also evaluated the cost reduction compared to the same procedure performed in the operating room. METHODS: Thirty patients were evaluated for RF thermoablation of the GSV. Foam sclerotherapy was performed with 1-3%sodium-tetra-decyl-sulphatefoam (Tessari’s method). We evaluated the possible risks of the procedure and methods to resolve them. We compared the costs of both procedures performed in the operating room and in the outpatient clinic. RESULTS: We had complete occlusion of the GSV in 28/30 patients (93.3%). Periodic check-up revealed a reflux through an anterior lateral saphenous vein in one patient and a long saphenous stump in another patient. There were no severe intraoperative complications. In two cases, it was necessary to convert the radiofrequency procedure into foam sclerotherapy (using the hollow probe as a long catheter in one case and using needle injection in the second case). In another case, it was necessary to perform surgical cannulation of the GSV. There were no severe postoperative complications. Moreover, the cost of the operating room procedure was € 1226.50, while that of the outpatient clinic procedure was € 1082.65 (cost reduction, 12.5%). CONCLUSIONS: This procedure is safe and sufficiently cost-effective to perform in an outpatient clinic and the operating room can hence be reserved for patients with more serious pathologies. These results should be validated in further studies with larger sample size.

3.
Cureus ; 13(12): e20090, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1579876

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 Infection has wrecked havoc all over the world; the spectrum of this disease ranges from asymptomatic mild cases to severe cases such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Not only the acute infection but post COVID sequelae are also a cause of concern. Post-COVID states or Long COVID are the sequences of complications following the active infection. As post COVID sequelae are unpredictable it is absolutely the need of the hour to educate physicians and make them aware of all possibilities. We report one such case of a post COVID recovered young lady, who presented with drug-refractory recurrent palpitations. She was initially suspected to have inappropriate sinus tachycardia. But electrophysiological study confirmed the diagnosis of atrial tachycardia which was successfully ablated. The patient now has completed six months of follow-up and is off any medication.

4.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 27(4): 564-574, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1551487

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In July 2017, the Emprint™ next-generation microwave ablation system using thermosphere technology (Covidien, Boulder, CO, USA) was approved for use in Japan. This system can produce a predictable spherical ablation zone at higher temperatures than radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether this new microwave thermosphere ablation (MTA) could safely improve outcome compared to RFA, which is the standard of care for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 513 patients with 630 HCCs (≤3 cm) who were performed by percutaneous RFA (174 patients, 214 HCCs) or MTA (339 patients, 416 HCCs) between January 2016 and March 2020. RESULTS: Median ablation time was significantly shorter for MTA (240 seconds) than for RFA (721 seconds; P<0.001). A significant difference in 3-year local tumor progression rate was evident between the RFA group (22%) and MTA group (8%; P<0.001). Multivariable analysis revealed ablation procedure and tumor diameter as independent factors contributing to local tumor progression (MTA; P<0.001; hazard ratio, 0.565; 95% confidence interval, 0.437-0.731). In patients with primary HCC, a significant difference in overall survival was evident (RFA vs. MTA, 3-year, 77% vs. 95%, P=0.029). Ablation procedure and Child-Pugh score were independent factors contributing to survival. The total complication rate was significantly lower for MTA (8%) than for RFA (14%, P<0.05), particularly for bile duct injury (3% vs. 9%, respectively; P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Next-generation MTA for small HCC could provide safer, more curative treatment in a shorter ablation time than RFA.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Liver Neoplasms , Radiofrequency Ablation , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Microwaves , Radiofrequency Ablation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 7337-7348, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1504988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was associated with a higher risk of arrhythmia in infected patients. However, there are no reports about the effect of the ongoing pandemic on arrhythmias in the non-infected population. We measured the arrhythmia burden in a non-infected population with cardiac implantable devices. METHODS: The arrhythmia burden during the COVID-19 pandemic was compared to a 6-month interval in the pre-COVID-19 period. The COVID-19 pandemic was divided into high-risk (17 January 2020 to 16 March 2020) and low-risk periods (17 March 2020 to 17 July 2020) according to whether there were locally infected patients. Arrhythmia burdens were compared among the pre-COVID-19, high-risk, and low-risk periods. RESULTS: A total of 219 patients with 1859 episodes were included. We observed a larger proportion of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) during the COVID-19 pandemic (38.36% vs 26.03%, p = 0.006). There was not significantly more ventricular arrhythmia during the COVID period than the pre-COVID-19 period (p > 0.05). During the high-risk period, daily frequency of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) (0.0172, 0.0475 vs 0.0109, 0.0164, p < 0.05), atrial tachycardia (AT) (0.0345, 0.0518 vs 0.0164, 0.0219 p < 0.05) and AF (0.0345, 0.0432 vs 0.0164, 0.0186, p < 0.05) and daily duration of NSVT (0.1982, 0.2845 vs 0.0538, 0.1640 p < 0.05) were higher and longer than those in the pre-COVID-19 period. Regression modeling showed that the impact of COVID-19 pandemic lead to an increased onset of AF (odds ratio 2.465; p < 0.01). Patients with paroxysmal AF who had undergone a previous radiofrequency ablation had a lower burden of AF (incidence 21.43% vs 55.00%, P = 0.049, daily frequency 0.0000, 0.0027 vs 0.0000, 241.7978, P = 0.020) during the pandemic. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic contributed to a higher burden of arrhythmias in non-infected patients. Patients would experience a lower burden of AF following radiofrequency ablation treatment, and this effect persisted during the pandemic.

6.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(2)2020 Jan 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1456313

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To identify the predictive factors of recurrence and survival in an unselected population of Western patients who underwent multimodal percutaneous thermal ablation (PTA) for small Hepatocellular Carcinomas (HCCs). METHODS: January 2015-June 2019: data on multimodal PTA for <3 cm HCC were extracted from a prospective database. Local tumor progression (LTP), intrahepatic distant recurrence (IDR), time-to-LTP, time-to-IDR, recurrence-free (RFS) and overall (OS) survival were evaluated. RESULTS: 238 patients underwent 317 PTA sessions to treat 412 HCCs. During follow-up (median: 27.1 months), 47.1% patients had IDR and 18.5% died. LTP occurred after 13.3% of PTA. Tumor size (OR = 1.108, p < 0.001; hazard ratio (HR) = 1.075, p = 0.002) and ultrasound guidance (OR = 0.294, p = 0.017; HR = 0.429, p = 0.009) independently predicted LTP and time-to-LTP, respectively. Alpha fetoprotein (AFP) > 100 ng/mL (OR = 3.027, p = 0.037) and tumor size (OR = 1.06, p = 0.001) independently predicted IDR. Multinodular HCC (HR = 2.67, p < 0.001), treatment-naïve patient (HR = 0.507, p = 0.002) and AFP > 100 ng/mL (HR = 2.767, p = 0.014) independently predicted time-to-IDR. RFS was independently predicted by multinodular HCC (HR = 2.144, p = 0.001), treatment naivety (HR = 0.546, p = 0.004) and AFP > 100 ng/mL (HR = 2.437, p = 0.013). The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score > 2 (HR = 4.273, p = 0.011), AFP (HR = 1.002, p < 0.001), multinodular HCC (HR = 3.939, p = 0.003) and steatotic HCC (HR = 1.81 × 10-16, p < 0.001) independently predicted OS. CONCLUSIONS: IDR was associated with tumor aggressiveness, suggesting a metastatic mechanism. Besides AFP association with LTP, IDR, RFS and OS, treatment-naïve patients had longer RFS, and multi-nodularity was associated with shorter RFS and OS. Steatotic HCC, identified on pre-treatment MRI, independently predicted longer OS, and needs to be further explored.

7.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(1): 108-117, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1454123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Post-procedure limb compression, hitherto routine following open varicose vein surgery, has been extended to endovenous procedures. However, no robust evidence exists to support this practice. Most of the previous studies have focused on the ideal duration of compression. This study evaluates the clinical and patient reported outcomes with and without post-procedure leg compression following radiofrequency ablation (RFA). METHODS: This single centre, prospective, non-inferiority randomised controlled trial recruited adult patients, into two groups (A: RFA with compression stocking for two weeks, B: RFA alone). The primary outcome was ultrasound determined target vein obliteration at 12 weeks. Secondary outcome measures included a Quality of Life (QoL) score [Aberdeen Varicose Vein Severity Score (AVSS) and Revised Venous Clinical Severity Score (RVCSS)], patient satisfaction, pain score, and complications. RESULTS: In total, 100 consecutive patients were recruited (A: 51; B: 49) classified as clinical class C2-C6 of the Clinical-Etiological-Anatomical-Pathophysiological (CEAP) classification. At 12 weeks the occlusion rate of the target vein was similar in both groups at 98% (n = 47) and 98% (n = 45), respectively (p = 1.0). There was no statistically significant difference in mean AVSS 6 vs. 5.0 (mean difference -1, 95% CI -2 - 3, p = .57) and mean RVCSS 3 vs. 4 (mean difference 1, 95% CI -1 - 2, p = .46) scores at 12 weeks. Comparable patient satisfaction scores were observed (p = .72) and pain score 2.0 vs. 2.0 (p = .92) were achieved in both groups. Two patients in each group developed deep vein thrombosis at two weeks follow up (p = 1.0 for above the knee and p = 1.0 for below the knee). CONCLUSION: The clinical and patient reported outcomes following RFA without compression are no worse than with compression. This trial supports the conclusion that the widely practised use of compression after RFA adds no clinical benefit for the patients. However, a much larger study, preferably a multicentre trial, may be required to confirm this conclusion.


Subject(s)
Compression Bandages , Radiofrequency Ablation , Varicose Veins/surgery , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Care/methods , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
8.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 27(4): 564-574, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1456286

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In July 2017, the Emprint™ next-generation microwave ablation system using thermosphere technology (Covidien, Boulder, CO, USA) was approved for use in Japan. This system can produce a predictable spherical ablation zone at higher temperatures than radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether this new microwave thermosphere ablation (MTA) could safely improve outcome compared to RFA, which is the standard of care for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 513 patients with 630 HCCs (≤3 cm) who were performed by percutaneous RFA (174 patients, 214 HCCs) or MTA (339 patients, 416 HCCs) between January 2016 and March 2020. RESULTS: Median ablation time was significantly shorter for MTA (240 seconds) than for RFA (721 seconds; P<0.001). A significant difference in 3-year local tumor progression rate was evident between the RFA group (22%) and MTA group (8%; P<0.001). Multivariable analysis revealed ablation procedure and tumor diameter as independent factors contributing to local tumor progression (MTA; P<0.001; hazard ratio, 0.565; 95% confidence interval, 0.437-0.731). In patients with primary HCC, a significant difference in overall survival was evident (RFA vs. MTA, 3-year, 77% vs. 95%, P=0.029). Ablation procedure and Child-Pugh score were independent factors contributing to survival. The total complication rate was significantly lower for MTA (8%) than for RFA (14%, P<0.05), particularly for bile duct injury (3% vs. 9%, respectively; P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Next-generation MTA for small HCC could provide safer, more curative treatment in a shorter ablation time than RFA.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Liver Neoplasms , Radiofrequency Ablation , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Microwaves , Radiofrequency Ablation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 164(6): 1186-1192, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1455831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze patients' return to normal activity, pain scores, narcotic use, and adverse events after undergoing tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy with monopolar electrocautery or radiofrequency ablation. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized double-blinded clinical trial based on prospective parallel design. SETTING: Academic medical center and tertiary children's hospital between March 2018 and July 2019. METHODS: Inclusion criteria included patients aged ≥3 years with surgical indication of recurrent tonsillitis or airway obstruction/sleep-disordered breathing. Patients were randomly assigned to monopolar electrocautery or radiofrequency ablation. Patients were blinded to treatment assignment. Survey questions answered via text or email were collected daily until postoperative day 15. The primary outcome was the patient's return to normal activity. Secondary outcomes included daily pain score, total amount of postoperative narcotic use, and adverse events. RESULTS: Of the 236 patients who met inclusion criteria and were randomly assigned to radiofrequency ablation or monopolar electrocautery, 230 completed the study (radiofrequency ablation, n = 112; monopolar electrocautery, n = 118). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in the number of days for return to normal activity (P = .89), daily pain scores over 15 postoperative days (P = .46), postoperative narcotic use (P = .61), or return to hospital for any reason (P = .60), including bleeding as an adverse event (P = .13). CONCLUSIONS: As one of the largest randomized controlled trials examining instrumentation in tonsillectomy, our data do not show a difference between monopolar electrocautery and radiofrequency ablation with regard to return to normal activity, daily pain scores, total postoperative narcotic use, or adverse events.


Subject(s)
Adenoidectomy/methods , Electrocoagulation , Radiofrequency Ablation , Tonsillectomy/methods , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 9(3): 676-682.e2, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1454341

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Iliac vein compression (IVC) is a common condition in patients with varicose veins (VVs) of the legs. IVC has been classified into three grades in previous studies. Grade II IVC is defined by >50% stenosis without the development of collateral circulation. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the outcomes of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for patients with VVs combined with grade II IVC. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 339 patients who had undergone RFA for VVs of the left leg from March 2017 to January 2019. Duplex ultrasonography, computed tomography venography, and venography were performed to evaluate for grade II IVC. All the patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 included patients with VVs only, and group 2, patients with VVs combined with grade II IVC. Propensity score matching was used to ensure an even distribution of confounding factors between groups. The venous clinical severity score (VCSS) and chronic venous insufficiency questionnaire (CIVIQ) score were recorded during the 12-month follow-up. Occlusion of the truncal veins was evaluated using duplex ultrasound scans. RESULTS: Using 1:1 propensity score matching, 50 pairs of patients were enrolled in the present analysis. The average age of groups 1 and 2 was 58.7 ± 13.1 and 60.1 ± 7.1 years, respectively. The VCSS had decreased significantly from baseline to 12 months postoperatively (group 1, from 5 to 1; group 2, from 4 to 1; P < .01). A significant increase in the CIVIQ score was found between the baseline and 12-month evaluations for both groups (group 1, from 62.5 to 69; group 2, from 63 to 70; P < .01). The truncal occlusion rate was 98% in both groups at 12 months. No significant differences were found between the two groups in the VCSS, CIVIQ score, procedure complications, or occlusion rate during the 12-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: RFA is effective for patients with VVs combined with grade II IVC.


Subject(s)
Catheter Ablation , Iliac Vein/physiopathology , May-Thurner Syndrome/physiopathology , Saphenous Vein/surgery , Varicose Veins/surgery , Vascular Patency , Venous Insufficiency/surgery , Adult , Aged , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Constriction, Pathologic , Female , Humans , Iliac Vein/diagnostic imaging , Ligation , Male , May-Thurner Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Saphenous Vein/physiopathology , Sclerotherapy , Severity of Illness Index , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Varicose Veins/diagnostic imaging , Varicose Veins/physiopathology , Venous Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Venous Insufficiency/physiopathology
11.
Clin Imaging ; 76: 123-129, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1454081

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Thermal ablation (TA) and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) may be used alone or in combination (TACE+TA) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of our study was to compare the time to tumor progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) for patients who received TA alone or TACE+TA for HCC tumors under 3 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This HIPAA-compliant IRB-approved retrospective analysis included 85 therapy-naïve patients from 2010 to 2018 (63 males, 22 females, mean age 62.4 ± 8.5 years) who underwent either TA alone (n = 64) or TA in combination with drug-eluting beads (DEB)-TACE (n = 18) or Lipiodol-TACE (n = 3) for locoregional therapy of early stage HCC with maximum tumor diameter under 3 cm. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed using the log-rank test to assess TTP and OS. RESULTS: All TA and TACE+TA treatments included were technically successful. TTP was 23.0 months in the TA group and 22.0 months in the TACE+TA group. There was no statistically significant difference in TTP (p = 0.64). Median OS was 69.7 months in the TA group and 64.6 months in the TACE+TA group. There was no statistically significant difference in OS (p = 0.14). The treatment cohorts had differences in AFP levels (p = 0.03) and BCLC stage (p = 0.047). Complication rates between patient groups were similar (p = 0.61). CONCLUSION: For patients with HCC under 3 cm, TA alone and TACE+TA have similar outcomes in terms of TTP and OS, suggesting that TACE+TA may not be needed for these tumors unless warranted by tumor location or other technical consideration.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Liver Neoplasms , Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 63(1): 97-101, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1064552

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Catheter ablation procedures for atrial fibrillation (AF) were significantly curtailed during the peak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic to conserve healthcare resources and limit exposure. There is little data regarding peri-procedural outcomes of medical procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. We enacted protocols to safely reboot AF ablation while limiting healthcare resource utilization. We aimed to evaluate acute and subacute outcomes of protocols instituted for reboot of AF ablation during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Perioperative healthcare utilization and acute procedural outcomes were analyzed for consecutive patients undergoing AF ablation under COVID-19 protocols (2020 cohort; n=111) and compared to those of patients who underwent AF ablation during the same time period in 2019 (2019 cohort; n=200). Newly implemented practices included preoperative COVID-19 testing, selective transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), utilization of venous closure, and same-day discharge when clinically appropriate. RESULTS: Pre-ablation COVID-19 testing was positive in 1 of 111 patients. There were 0 cases ablation-related COVID-19 transmission and 0 major complications in either cohort. Pre-procedure TEE was performed in significantly fewer 2020 cohort patients compared to the 2019 cohort patients (68.4% vs. 97.5%, p <0.001, respectively) despite greater prevalence of persistent arrhythmia in the 2020 cohort. Same-day discharge was achieved in 68% of patients in the 2020 cohort, compared to 0% of patients in the 2019 cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate the feasibility of safe resumption of complex electrophysiology procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic, reducing healthcare utilization and maintaining quality of care. Protocols instituted may be generalizable to other types of procedures and settings.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , COVID-19 , Catheter Ablation , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , COVID-19 Testing , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
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