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1.
J Clean Prod ; 363: 132616, 2022 Aug 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1966813

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic and the related lockdown restrictions have imposed a wide range of impacts that need to be analysed based on the specific characteristics of countries. By comparing socio-economic and energy data for the four quarters of 2020 to the same period of 2019, the MuSIASEM approach is used, for the first time, to investigate the energy metabolism of UK during a period of economic downturn. Results show that the commercial and the public administration activities have been able to achieve energy efficiency increases, and the residential sector has accounted for energy-related economies of scale. The industrial and the other activity sectors, on the contrary, have raised the energy intensity of production. Comparted to time series data, scenarios, and modelling exercises, the MuSIASEM approach integrates a wide range of intensive and extensive variables across different scales of analysis and investigate how specific socio-economic and energy structures have reacted to the COVID-19 crisis. The methodology can be easily replicated for other case studies and results can support the design of recovery and sustainable transition strategies.

2.
Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med ; : 101137, 2022 Jul 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1966260

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The management of obstetric patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to human-to-human transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) requires unique considerations. Many aspects of labour and delivery practice required adaptation in response to the global pandemic and were supported by guidelines from the Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynaecologists. The adoption and adherence to these guidelines is unknown. METHODS: Participating centres in "Quality of Recovery in Obstetric Anaesthesia study - a multicentre study" (ObsQoR) completed an electronic survey based on the provision of services and care related to COVID-19 in October 2021. The survey was designed against the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists COVID-19 guidelines. RESULTS: One hundred and five of the 107 participating centres completed the survey (98% response rate representing 54% of all UK obstetric units). The median [IQR] annual number of deliveries among the included sites was 4389 [3000-5325]. Ninety-nine of the 103 (94.3%) sites had guidelines for the management of peripartum women with COVID-19. Sixty-one of 105 (58.1%) had specific guidance for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis. Thirty-seven of 104 (35.6%) centres restricted parturient birthing plans if a positive diagnosis of COVID-19 was made. A COVID-19 vaccination referral pathway encouraging full vaccination for all pregnant women was present in 63/103 centres (61.2%). CONCLUSION: We found variability in care delivered and adherence to guidelines related to COVID-19. The clinical implications for this related to quality of peripartum care is unclear, however there remains scope to improve pathways for immunisation, birth plans and VTE prophylaxis.

3.
Documenti Geografici ; - (1):97-110, 2022.
Article in Italian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964889

ABSTRACT

European Commission and European Parliament have issued the Recovery Plan, also called Next Generation EU, to revive the finance and the economy of European countries compromised by the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic. The Italian Government has developed a specific plan for the recovery of inner areas with particular attention to the redevelopment of the villages: very emblematic, in this sense, The National Borough Plan, promoted and managed directly by The Italian Ministry of Culture. The Recovery of inner areas perfectly coincides whit the great challenges of contemporary society: ecological transition, climate change, environmental sustainability, better quality of life. Concepts such as slow philosophy, slow food, slow tourism are increasingly popular and form the basis for a profound cultural change, to build a slow life that is more compatible with the needs and sensibilities of humanity. © 2022 Universita di Roma Tor Vergata

4.
Documenti Geografici ; - (1):37-58, 2022.
Article in Italian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964887

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to identify and illustrate some factors that have determined in recent years an acceleration of the transition process from the linear economy to the circular one in the European context. Among these factors: the change in attitude towards this issue by the business world, the greater impetus to carry out the transition provided by the institutions, and the advent of the Covid 19 pandemic, which, in addition to a health, economic and social crisis, has been seized, in Europe, as an opportunity for a post-pandemic recovery based on new models of organization of the economy and society. In particular, the latter aspect clearly emerges from the content of the European NextGenerationEU Program, implemented, in the Italian context, by the National Recovery and Resilience Plan, Italy Tomorrow. The first part of the paper is dedicated to these issues, while the second part exemplifies these arguments with reference to the aerospace industry, in particular by illustrating the cases of two Italian SMEs in the sector that have strongly undertaken the transition process towards the circular economy. The paper concludes with some final considerations, which underline how institutions play a fundamental role in bridging the time gap between the short- and medium-term costs that must be incurred by companies in the transition process to the circular economy, and the long-term economic benefits that the realization of this path entails for the companies themselves. © Universidad de Deusto

5.
Communications in Information Literacy ; 16(1):1-3, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964798

ABSTRACT

The Editors-in-Chief of Communications in Information Literacy discuss the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on scholarly production and on the information literacy community more generally. They propose the need for a period of recovery, and they recommit to the values and the ethics of care that drive all facets of the journal's operations. © 2022, Communications in Information Literacy. All rights reserved.

6.
5th International Conference on Energy Production and Management: The Quest for Sustainable Energy, EPM 2022 ; 255:105-114, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1963317

ABSTRACT

Climate change poses significant challenges, and the global community is not on track to meet sustainable development goals or the Paris Agreement to mitigate climate change. The COVID-19 pandemic and necessary government measures to curb the spread of the virus has put climate action on hold and shut down economies. The need for improved ventilation as an important mitigating factor against the risk of COVID-19 transmission has additional implications for costs and emissions for businesses. Leisure centres, as large users of water and energy, account for significant emissions and operational costs. However, there is scope for significant reductions in water and water-related energy demands and associated emissions and costs without impacting service quality and delivery. These reductions can be a promising response to the current challenges of climate change and post-COVID-19 economic recovery, particularly given current UK energy crises and inflation trends. We have been working with leisure centres to support them in improving energy efficiency through water-use efficiency as part of the cross-border, interdisciplinary Interreg Dwr Uisce research project on improving the energy performance and long-term sustainability of the water sectors in Ireland and Wales. In this paper, we discuss the potential of energy efficiency gains based on the framework on water management hierarchy which prioritises management actions in order of preference of implementation, where the next hierarchy should only be considered once all potential savings from the hierarchy above have been exhausted. We also discuss how these interventions are not one-size-fits-all – although leisure centres typically have the same water-use types, they differ significantly in age, size, location, building types and materials, functionality, and efficiency;and why therefore, interventions must be considered on a site-specific and case-by-case basis. © 2022 WITPress. All rights reserved.

7.
International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics ; 16(1):1-41, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1963116

ABSTRACT

This paper evaluates green stimulus packages that were introduced in response to the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2007–08 and draws lessons relevant for greening the recovery from the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. It provides evidence that well-designed green stimulus measures can help the economic recovery and bring about environmental benefits. Nevertheless, almost a decade and a half after the GFC unfolded, the ex post evidence of the joint economic and environmental impact of green stimulus measures remains very limited. Drawing on the lessons from the GFC, the paper underscores the importance of proper policy design, more realistic recognition of the potential trade-offs between economic, environmental and social objectives, and of building in impact evaluation mechanisms into green stimulus measures. The paper also highlights that COVID-19 is unfolding in a policy context that is very different from 2007 to 2008 and identifies new challenges as well as opportunities for greening the COVID-19 recovery.

8.
Journal of World Popular Music ; 9(1-2):49-76, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1963108

ABSTRACT

Drawing on the findings of practitioner group consultations (n=49) and an online survey of music makers (n=37), this article illustrates the devastating impact of 18 months without full-capacity live events on the financial, musical and social wellbeing of the Liverpool City Region’s (LCR) music sector. The analysis shows how uncertainties concerning a return to normal operations, access to funding support, working within socially distanced limitations, and dealing with changing regulations have underlined the live music workers’ experience of the pandemic as well as how a sense of uncertainty persists despite a return to full-capacity events in July 2021. The findings show that digital alternatives partially helped alleviate lockdown’s detrimental effects but, overall, the sector viewed live-streaming as a “stop-gap” incomparable to the conventional concert experience. The research concludes by observing that, despite the numerous practical and economic adaptations and online advances that ensured the sector’s survival, the return to “business as usual” also means a return to pre-pandemic industry economics, which often function to the detriment of the musicians on whom the regional live sector’s operational and financial recovery depend. © Equinox Publishing Ltd 2022, Office 415, The Workstation, 15 Paternoster Row, Sheffield S1 2BX

9.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(7): 736-741, 2022 Jul 15.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1964549

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the serum level of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-specific RBD IgG antibody (SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody for short) in children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection during the recovery stage, as well as the protective effect of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination against Omicron infection. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 110 children who were diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection in Tianjin of China from January 8 to February 7, 2022. According to the status of vaccination before diagnosis, they were divided into a booster vaccination (3 doses) group with 2 children, a complete vaccination (2 doses) group with 90 children, an incomplete vaccination (1 dose) group with 5 children, and a non-vaccination group with 13 children. The clinical data and IgG level were compared among the 4 groups. RESULTS: The complete vaccination group had a significantly higher age than the non-vaccination group at diagnosis (P<0.05), and there was a significant difference in the route of transmission between the two groups (P<0.05). There were no significant differences among the four groups in sex, clinical classification, and re-positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid detection (P>0.05). All 97 children were vaccinated with inactivated vaccine, among whom 85 children (88%) were vaccinated with BBIBP-CorV Sinopharm vaccine (Beijing Institute of Biological Products, Beijing, China). At 1 month after diagnosis, the booster vaccination group and the complete vaccination group had a significantly higher level of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody than the non-vaccination group (P<0.05), and at 2 months after diagnosis, the complete vaccination group had a significantly higher level of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody than the non-vaccination group (P<0.05). For the complete vaccination group, the level of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody at 2 months after diagnosis was significantly lower than that at 1 month after diagnosis (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Vaccination with inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine has a protective effect against Omicron infection in children. For children vaccinated with 2 doses of the vaccine who experience Omicron infection, there may be a slight reduction in the level of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody at 2 months after diagnosis. Citation:Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics, 2022, 24(7): 736-741.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Viral Vaccines , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 Vaccines , Child , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Risk Anal ; 42(1): 206-220, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1961872

ABSTRACT

The worldwide healthcare and economic crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic highlights the need for a deeper understanding of investing in the mitigation of epidemic risks. To address this, we built a mathematical model to optimize investments into two types of measures for mitigating the risks of epidemic propagation: prevention/containment measures and treatment/recovery measures. The new model explicitly accounts for the characteristics of networks of individuals, as a critical element of epidemic propagation. Subsequent analysis shows that, to combat an epidemic that can cause significant negative impact, optimal investment in either category increases with a higher level of connectivity and intrinsic loss, but it is limited to a fraction of that total potential loss. However, when a fixed and limited mitigation investment is to be apportioned among the two types of measures, the optimal proportion of investment for prevention and containment increases when the investment limit goes up, and when the network connectivity decreases. Our results are consistent with existing studies and can be used to properly interpret what happened in past pandemics as well as to shed light on future and ongoing events such as COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics/prevention & control , Quarantine/organization & administration , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans
11.
12th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Technology, ICBET 2022 ; : 191-196, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1962432

ABSTRACT

This study presents the recovery patterns of COVID-19 patients in the Philippines using survival analysis in the multiple decrement setting. A total of 152,203 patients during the period January to December 2021 were included in the study. Data processing using Python and exploratory data analysis were employed. Probabilities were obtained using basic actuarial principles on two decrements: recovery and death. Kaplan-Meier estimation was then applied to obtain estimates of the survival function. The average length of treatment before recovery and death was also obtained. Results showed that older patients have higher risk of dying from COVID-19 compared to younger patients. While infection is higher among female population, the risk of death is higher among male patients. Based on the survival rates, the probabilities of recovery are highest during the 3rd week from onset of symptoms and the average length of treatment before recovery is determined to be 6 days. © 2022 ACM.

12.
Cell Rep Med ; 3(6): 100652, 2022 06 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1960088

ABSTRACT

Disease recovery dynamics are often difficult to assess, as patients display heterogeneous recovery courses. To model recovery dynamics, exemplified by severe COVID-19, we apply a computational scheme on longitudinally sampled blood transcriptomes, generating recovery states, which we then link to cellular and molecular mechanisms, presenting a framework for studying the kinetics of recovery compared with non-recovery over time and long-term effects of the disease. Specifically, a decrease in mature neutrophils is the strongest cellular effect during recovery, with direct implications on disease outcome. Furthermore, we present strong indications for global regulatory changes in gene programs, decoupled from cell compositional changes, including an early rise in T cell activation and differentiation, resulting in immune rebalancing between interferon and NF-κB activity and restoration of cell homeostasis. Overall, we present a clinically relevant computational framework for modeling disease recovery, paving the way for future studies of the recovery dynamics in other diseases and tissues.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , NF-kappa B , Cell Differentiation , Humans , Interferons/metabolism , NF-kappa B/genetics , Neutrophils/metabolism , Signal Transduction
13.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(9-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1958179

ABSTRACT

This community psychology project consisted of two virtual storytelling groups gathered to examine the impact of storytelling during a global pandemic. It used the public narrative methodology of Marshall Ganz placed within the context of community mental health. Each storytelling group met weekly for 8 weeks. The Sunday group had seven members drawn from Desert Palm UCC, a mid-sized Protestant Christian congregation located in Tempe, Arizona. The Monday group had four members from Desert Palm UCC and two participants from a housing program called I-Help. I-Help is a transitional housing program run by the Tempe Community Action Agency, a nonprofit social service organization connected to the City of Tempe. Desert Palm UCC has a long history of support and engagement with the I-Help program. The research project was intended to explore the impact of storytelling carried out virtually (on Zoom) during a time of social distancing that was a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Five factors related to personal recovery and included in the I-Help community mental health recovery program were employed to help organize the material thematically. The acronym for the five factors is CHIME, which stands for connectedness, hope, identity, meaning, and empowerment. In the final session participants were invited to reflect on whether the stories they shared had any common themes, and whether they resonated thematically with any of the CHIME components. Participants identified several common themes, including connectedness. Several participants reported feeling more connected to other group members as a result of the storytelling experience. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

14.
Partners in Research for Development ; 4:18-19, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957982

ABSTRACT

It is reported that the rapid, targeted partnership response from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) is supporting research projects that build resilience and respond to challenges the COVID-19 pandemic has presented to agriculture in partner countries. The ACIAR Alumni Research Support Facility (ARSF) has supported 66 alumni to undertake research to help with the pandemic recovery. Starting in 2020 and continuing in 2021, the ARSF projects cover a range of topics designed to address issues of importance to communities in the partner countries.

15.
13th International Conference on Swarm Intelligence, ICSI 2022 ; 13344 LNCS:329-338, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1958900

ABSTRACT

Abnormal flights, which deviate from their scheduled plans, incurred huge costs for airlines and serious inconvenience for passengers. This phenomenon occurs frequently, especially under the influence of COVID-19 and requires high-quality solution within short time limits. To mitigate these negative effects, first, an integrated flight timetable and crew schedule recovery model with the aim of minimizing total cost is constructed in this paper. Second, an improved fireworks algorithm is proposed to effectively solve the model. Finally, an unscheduled temporary aircraft maintenance scenario is obtained to illustrate the superiority of the proposed algorithm in terms of computing time and solution quality. © 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

16.
13th International Conference on Swarm Intelligence, ICSI 2022 ; 13344 LNCS:190-200, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1958899

ABSTRACT

As with the rapid development of air transportation and potential uncertainties caused by abnormal weather and other emergencies, such as Covid-19, irregular flights may occur. Under this situation, how to reduce the negative impact on airlines, especially how to rearrange the crew for each aircraft, becomes an important problem. To solve this problem, firstly, we established the model by minimizing the cost of crew recovery with time-space constraints. Secondly, in view of the fact that crew recovery belongs to an NP-hard problem, we proposed an improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) with mutation and crossover mechanisms to avoid prematurity and local optima. Thirdly, we designed an encoding scheme based on the characteristics of the problem. Finally, to verify the effectiveness of the improved PSO, the variant and the original PSO are used for comparison. And the experimental results show that the performance of the improved PSO algorithm is significantly better than the comparison algorithms in the irregular flight recovery problem covered in this paper. © 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

17.
Ambio ; 2022 Jul 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1959172

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic and related social and economic emergencies induced massive public spending and increased global debt. Economic recovery is now an opportunity to rebuild natural capital alongside financial, physical, social and human capital, for long-term societal benefit. Yet, current decision-making is dominated by economic imperatives and information systems that do not consider society's dependence on natural capital and the ecosystem services it provides. New international standards for natural capital accounting (NCA) are now available to integrate environmental information into government decision-making. By revealing the effects of policies that influence natural capital, NCA supports identification, implementation and monitoring of Green Recovery pathways, including where environment and economy are most positively interlinked.

18.
Economic Analysis and Policy ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1956123

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to assess China’s sustainable economic recovery and growth through a comparative analysis of China’s global economy following Covid-19. We use the unit root test and generalized method of moments (GMM) to make inferences. The growth scenario is an important consequence of economic recovery, and the study concludes that increased energy use and rising energy costs need greater funding for the energy industry. Green energy financing is urgently required to offset rising production costs of gas and electricity. It is recommended that both Chinese and global financial institutions, banks and finance ministries, take a prominent role in addressing the crisis. This can be achieved by investing in renewable energy to improve sustainable economic recovery, reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and accelerate economic recovery. This must be carried out over a long period to achieve the intended results. Strategic development goals (SDGs), such as SDG 7 on clean and cheap energy, and SDG 13 on combating climate change, are urged on all nations in both areas.

19.
Adv Sustain Syst ; : 2200166, 2022 Jul 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1955884

ABSTRACT

Locking down cities to curb the transmission of coronavirus brought the global economy to a grinding halt. Cities are like engines of growth; when they stop, so does the growth. Therefore, it becomes paramount to build cities that continue to function and do not collapse amidst any crisis. Since economic recovery is underway, this paper examines priority areas for investment to expedite recovery and build back stronger cities. These areas are evaluated based on their contribution to revitalizing public health, economic, social, energy, and environmental sectors. For the analysis, analytical network process (ANP) and fuzzy-VIKOR are applied. ANP obtains the relative importance of sectors and their respective critical factors after solving a complex relationship among them. The economic sector has the highest weight of 25.8% among the five sectors, while job creation has the highest weight of 10.3% among the fifteen factors. Fuzzy-VIKOR is used to evaluate different areas and it is found that renewable energy has a greater contribution to the sustainable recovery of major sectors and the long-term aim of building inclusive green and resilient cities. These insights shall contribute to the conversations already ongoing among city governments, urban planners, civil society organizations, and city dwellers seeking practical solutions to unprecedented challenges posed by the pandemic.

20.
RELIGACIÓN. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades ; 6(27), 2021.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955617

ABSTRACT

In this research, the case study of the municipality of Los Cabos Baja California Sur, Mexico is presented, with the objective of analyzing recovery strategies, to increase the resilience of tourist destinations, when they face attacks from external factors that threaten their stability and development;The methodology is qualitative, with an exploratory, descriptive and explanatory scope, interviews were carried out with key stakeholders of the tourist destination, with an exploratory script validated by experts at 97%, including profile dimensions, impact scenarios, resilience strategies, and recovery phases, the statistics of the destination and a virtual ethnography were compared, which allowed a broader vision of the problems and the evaluation of the response in two aspects: the COVID-19 pandemic (SARS-CoV-2);and the response analysis on the impact of Hurricane Odile in 2014. The main results showed that the participation of public and private actors related to public policy regarding tourism is central. Although Los Cabos has come out of various crises and currently has a walking strategy that has allowed a small recovery, there is no way to determine a realistic approach to the economic recovery of the destination. The impact on the poorly diversified economy of the region makes it difficult to sustain the operation of companies and the jobs of the population. Biosafety indicators for tourists and residents should be incorporated into good practices in the sector and the resilience strategies of the tourist destination.Alternate :En esta investigación, se presenta el estudio de caso del municipio de Los Cabos Baja California Sur, México, con el objetivo de analizar estrategias de recuperación, para incrementar la resiliencia de destinos turísticos, cuando estos se enfrentan a embates de factores externos que amenazan su estabilidad y desarrollo;la metodología es cualitativa, con alcance exploratorio, descriptivo y explicativo, se efectuaron entrevistas a actores clave del destino turístico, con un guion de corte exploratorio validado por expertos al 97%, se incluyeron dimensiones de perfil, escenarios de afectación, estrategias de resiliencia y fases de recuperación, se compararon las estadísticas del destino y una etnografía virtual, lo cual permitió, tener una visión más amplia de los problemas y la evaluación de respuesta en dos vertientes: la pandemia COVID-19(SARS-CoV-2);y el análisis de respuesta en el impacto del huracán Odile en 2014. Los principales resultados mostraron que la participación los actores públicos y privados relacionados con la política pública de cara al turismo son centrales. Aunque Los Cabos ha salido adelante de diversas crisis y actualmente posee una estrategia andante que ha permitido una pequeña recuperación, no hay manera de determinar una aproximación realista de recuperación económica del destino. La afectación a la economía poco diversificada de la región, dificulta sostener la operación de las empresas y los empleos de la población. Indicadores de bioseguridad del turista y de los residentes, deberán ser incorporados a las buenas prácticas en el sector y a las estrategias de resiliencia del destino turístico.

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