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1.
Journal of Affective Disorders ; JOUR:517-524, 320.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2095548

ABSTRACT

Background: The first goal of this study was to assess longitudinal changes in burnout among psychotherapists prior to (T1) and during the COVID-19 pandemic (T2). The second objective was to assess the effects of job demands, job resources (including organizational support for evidence-based psychotherapies, or EBPs) and pandemic-related stress (T2 only) on burnout.Method: Psychotherapists providing EBPs for posttraumatic stress disorder in U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities completed surveys assessing burnout, job resources, and job demands prior to (T1;n = 346) and during (T2;n = 193) the COVID-19 pandemic.Results: Burnout prevalence increased from 40 % at T1 to 56 % at T2 (p < .001). At T1, stronger implementation climate and implementation leadership (p < .001) and provision of only cognitive processing therapy (rather than use of prolonged exposure therapy or both treatments;p < .05) reduced burnout risk. Risk factors for burnout at T2 included T1 burnout, pandemic-related stress, less control over when and how to deliver EBPs, being female, and being a psychologist rather than social worker (p < .02). Implementation leadership did not reduce risk of burnout at T2. Limitations: This study involved staff not directly involved in treating COVID-19, in a healthcare system poised to transition to telehealth delivery. Conclusion: Organizational support for using EBPs reduced burnout risk prior to but not during the pandemic. Pandemic related stress rather than increased work demands contributed to elevated burnout during the pandemic. A comprehensive approach to reducing burnout must address the effects of both work demands and personal stressors.

2.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; JOUR(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 83.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2083522

ABSTRACT

Data indicated that work-related stress could cost organizations financially, with losses associated with decreased productivity, healthcare costs and organizational dysfunction. Excessive stress in the workplace can cause significant costs to the employee as measured by declines in psychological and physiological health. Stress induced health symptoms and corresponding costs to the organization may be exacerbated by the COVID-19 Pandemic. These disruptions can affect organizational functioning as well the system's ability to dynamically respond to opportunities, challenges and organizational goals all of which can further increase employee stress and associated health outcomes. Human resource development professionals are in a position to offer interventions to help employees and organizational systems adjust to these new demands. Heart rate variability (HRV) training as a workplace wellness intervention to reduce stress for impacted employees has emerged as a promising line of research and applied work, with data supporting improved physical/mental health, learning and development and organizational outcomes.The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a HRV training intervention on measures of employee health and organizational outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic. Empirical data collection for this inquiry was operationalized with a quantitative, between-groups, experimental research design to test the effects of a HRV self-regulation training on participants who were randomly assigned to active treatment groups and non-participant groups (wait-list control). Participants were assessed on psychological and physiological health and organizational outcomes by analyzing results of the POQA-R4 survey. The study population (N = 147) consisted of employees at a large, multi-national, independent public company in the multi-utilities industry. Data analyses concluded that three of this study's five hypotheses were upheld. Hypotheses related to emotional stress (moderate effect size), physical stress (moderate effect size) and emotional vitality (borderline moderate effect size) were upheld. The findings associated with mental and physical stress were consistent with previous literature, while organizational results were more ambiguous. Based on these findings, recommendations for future research, application, theory building and implications for HRD were offered. Specific recommendations included further refinement of conceptual/theoretical frames, measurement variables and assessment tools. Recommendations for practice focused on providing evidenced based wellness interventions (such as HRV self-regulation training), and reinforcing the organizational culture to support a range of wellness needs and to strengthen social systems, which serve as protective and mediating factors in times of stress. These recommendations may position HRD professionals as agile and dynamic leaders who implement organizational wellness to both support business objectives while reinforcing a culture of care. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

3.
Public Management Review ; JOUR: 1-20,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2083057

ABSTRACT

Street Level Bureaucrat (SLB) and Conservation of Resources theories are used to develop measures for Public Value (PV) and a higher-order construct comprising psychological capacities and behavioural capabilities - HERO-INE, and to test whether it is an antecedent of Public Service Motivation (PSM) and Public Value (PV) using data from 259 SLBs working in Australian healthcare collected at two points in time and analysed using Structural Equation Modelling. HERO-INE, PSM, and in-role behaviour explained approximately 40% of the SLBs' PV. The implication is that organizations must ensure that SLBs have the psychological and behavioural capabilities to deliver PV.

4.
Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice ; 22(12):170-180, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2081531

ABSTRACT

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, there have been momentous changes in working in all sectors of the economy, including the education sector. The educational institutions where face-to-face lessons are taught overnight were forced to continue with distance classes (virtual and online). It is a reality that most schools and their communities were not prepared to deal with this atypical situation. Therefore, the objective was the development of a digital teaching resource (DTR) as pedagogical support, in online classes, of the Business Finance learning unit that is taught at the Escuela Superior de Cómputo (ESCOM) of the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN). Documentary analysis was carried out based on applied research, and the DTR was later built. This construction obeys the criteria considered for the elaboration of digital didactic resources proposed by the authors consulted, particularly in those required and evaluated by the Polytechnic Unit for Virtual Education (UPEV) of the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN), which focuses specifically on pedagogical, editorial, graphic and technical aspects. © 2022, North American Business Press. All rights reserved.

5.
Theory and Practice in Language Studies ; 12(10):2152-2160, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2081156

ABSTRACT

The national image of a country is becoming increasingly important as the soft power of a country, which can be realised by diplomacy and various types of diplomatic discourses. Therefore, this study attempts to analyse, via the responses of Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokespersons to questions about COVID-19, how national images are constructed. It adopts the Appraisal Theory proposed by Martin and White and focuses on one of its systems: attitude. Attitude resources are evaluative languages that express feelings, opinions and judgements which are quite contributive to the building of a national image and they are very abundant in the the foreign spokespersons’ responses. This study uses Atlas.ti as the tool to collect and code appraisal resources in order to observe the overall features of attitude, including word frequency and collocation. Together with this tool, the Critical Discourse Analysis approach is also used to analyse the meaning of attitude resources as well as the political and diplomatic contexts. The study finds that different attitude resources can contribute to the formation of different components of national images according to specific political events or international relationships, and this gives more insights into the construction of China’s national image during the pandemic. © 2022 ACADEMY PUBLICATION.

6.
Front Health Serv ; 22022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080305

ABSTRACT

Background: Meaningful community engagement is instrumental to effective implementation and sustainment of equitable public health interventions. Significant resources are necessary to ensure that community engagement takes place in culturally sensitive, trusted ways that optimize positive public health outcomes. However, the types and costs of resources best suited to enable meaningful community engagement in implementation research are not well-documented. This study's objectives are (1) to describe a pragmatic method for systematically tracking and documenting resources utilized for community engagement activities, (2) report resources across phases of implementation research, and (3) provide recommendations for planning and budgeting for community engagement in health equity implementation research. Methods: Community engagement partners completed a tracking log of their person-hours for community engagement activities across three phases of community engagement (startup, early, maintenance) in two implementation research projects to promote equity in COVID-19 testing and vaccination for underserved communities. Both projects completed a six-session Theory of Change (i.e., a facilitated group discussion about current and desired conditions that culminated with a set of priorities for strategic change making) over 4 months with respective Community Advisory Boards (CAB) that included community organizers, promotores, federally qualified health center providers and administrators, and public health researchers. The reported person-hours that facilitated community member engagement were documented and summarized within and across project phases. Results: For both projects, the startup phase required the highest number of person-hours (M = 60), followed by the maintenance (M = 53) and early phase (M = 47). Within the startup phase, a total of 5 community engagement activities occurred with identifying and inviting CAB members incurring the greatest number of person-hours (M = 19). Within the early phase, a total of 11 community engagement activities occurred with coordinating and leading live interpretation (Spanish) during CAB sessions incurring the greatest number of person-hours (M = 10). The maintenance phase included 11 community engagement activities with time dedicated to written translation of CAB materials into Spanish incurring the greatest number of person-hours (M = 10). Conclusions: Study findings indicate that the most significant investment of resources is required in the startup period. Needed resources decreased, albeit with a greater diversity of activities, in later phases of community engagement with Spanish language translation requiring most in the later stage of the study. This study contributes to the community engagement and implementation science literature by providing a pragmatic tracking and measurement approach and recommendations for planning for and assessing costs to facilitate meaningful community engagement in public health implementation research.

7.
Ann Med Psychol (Paris) ; 2022 Oct 12.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2075876

ABSTRACT

Children and adolescents were particularly affected by the psychological consequences of the COVID-19 health crisis. They were faced with multiple stressors such as repeated confinements, the use of masks, the disruption of daily routines, the lack of social interactions following the closure of schools and the cessation of extra-curricular activities. These adversities dramatically weakened their coping strategies and their resources. In this interview with Jean-Pierre Bouchard, Olivier Sorel, Juliane Tortes Saint-Jammes et Sandie Meillerais discuss the changes that have been implemented in their clinical practice for children in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Then, they will also identify, by using clinical examples, the procedures specifically used to develop, reinforce or reactivate the resources of children and adolescents during the therapy. Finally, they address the very notion of clinical support, with an emphasis on EMDR therapy and a family-centered approach.

8.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2072875

ABSTRACT

Background: Half of the population with cancer who are aged 20 to 54 years old will die from cancer with African Americans being 1.2 times more likely to die (NCI, 2019a;2021b). Parents with advanced cancer (PWAC) have concerns about their future and their remaining family's future, which causes suffering. Dying concerns are conscious/unconscious thoughts about death by a person facing a terminal illness or a family member coping with the impending death of a loved one (Arndt et al., 2006;Caparso et al., 2020;Kakuta et al., 2015). Purpose: Examine recruitment feasibility in PWAC and their co-parents.;and (2) Gain a shared understanding of the perspectives of the PWAC about the dying concerns family life before and after advanced cancer diagnosis and family resources to manage the crisis of advanced cancer for the co-parent following Gadamer's phenomenology and McCubbin and McCubbin's Family Resiliency Model.Methods: Four PWAC were recruited from Karmanos Cancer Center and Comprehensive Breast Care. Participants were diagnosed with advanced cancer, scored less than a 3 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scale, had at least one dependent child 18 years old or younger, identified a co-parent involved in care of the patient and children, and spoke English. Two semi-structured interviews were conducted, audio- video-recorded, and transcribed. The first interview was summarized and given to the participants for member-checking. Data analysis used the hermeneutic rule. All data was coded and verified between coders until consensus was reached.Results: Due to unforeseen circumstances and hospital restrictions of COVID-19, recruitment was challenging. Of 32 potential participants, 11 were approached and 4 consented. Completion of all study procedures for one participant took a little over a month. Completion of both interviews ranged about an hour and a half. Four themes regarding dying concerns emerged. Additional themes emerged which may have mediated the dying concern themes. Participants expressed co-parent concerns of "Uncertainty in End-of-Life Decisions", "Effectless Communication", "Parental Skepticism" and "Psychological Well-Being".Conclusions: PWAC have concerns for their co-parent in the event they die. Qualitatively understanding dying concerns from family members may improve communication between family members and healthcare providers. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

9.
Journal of Professional Capital and Community ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070238

ABSTRACT

Purpose Drawing from the conservation of resource theory and the job demands-resources model, this study examines the bi-directional conflicts of work and family during COVID-19, and investigates the online teaching work-related antecedents and the mechanism shaping emotional exhaustion of teachers in Taiwan. Moreover, this study explores mindfulness in teaching as a possible moderator. Design/methodology/approach Data for analysis were collected from elementary school teachers via an online survey using a questionnaire comprising well-developed scales. The hypotheses were validated using structural equation modeling. Findings Results show that only family interfering with work conflict mediates the positive relationship of online teaching job demand with emotional exhaustion and negative relationship of online teaching job resource with emotional exhaustion. Results also evidence that mindfulness practiced by teachers can help them perceive their own feelings and thoughts non-judgmentally in face of job demands. Originality/value With the growing work-from-home trend, the current study revisits the impact of work demands and resources on work-family conflict, and examines whether Taiwanese teachers' perception towards online teaching would lead to different observations. The path that JD -> WIF conflict -> EE is well established in the literature, while COVID-19 brings to light another path JD -> FIW conflict -> EE, revealing insight into teachers' cognition and plight during the pandemic.

10.
International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications ; : 1-28, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070011

ABSTRACT

While industry tends towards mass personalisation and instant deliveries, the last mile of urban logistics is being challenged to decrease the number of vehicles in circulation and the distances they travel in city centres. The COVID-19 pandemic helped expose the inefficiency of cities in fulfilling citizens' real-time needs. Moreover, the first aim of this paper is to understand the barriers which policymakers face in providing a personalised response to citizens' needs and the second to ascertain how they can proactively serve their communities. In line with these concerns, empirical evidence was collected through a questionnaire to Portuguese policymakers, and the results were discussed in a focus group with experts. The results suggest a lack of tools to enable real-time visualisation and study of scenarios for implementing and organising means of delivery and storage. Moreover, although policymakers feel confident in their capacity to manage the last mile, they would struggle to operate autonomously. Therefore, this paper conceptualises an initial algorithm based on the dynamic collaboration of stakeholders and sharing of resources to guarantee fulfilment of citizens' necessities. Furthermore, future discussions shall emerge about the relationships and technical standards between stakeholders to provide the necessary logistical means for city management and operations.

11.
International Journal of Stress Management ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2069865

ABSTRACT

Critical incidents, defined as traumatic time-limited events, often happen unexpectedly, and have largely impacted employees in many ways. In this study, we apply the conservation of resources theory as our overarching framework to examine whether and when employees involved in a critical work incident would experience helplessness at work, which may consequently spill over into the life domain and negatively impact their well-being. Taking the COVID-19 as a typical example of critical incidents, we collected multiwave data from 765 Chinese doctors. The results showed that perceived COVID-19 event strength is positively related to doctors' helplessness at work, which further negatively impacts their presence of meaning in life. Besides, meaningful work exacerbates the effect of perceived COVID-19 event strength on doctors' helplessness, while social support and psychological detachment reduce the negative impact of helplessness on their presence of meaning in life. Our study calls attention to protection of the mental health and psychological well-being of employees faced with critical incidents at work and their psychological recovery, and sheds light on the effectiveness of social support and psychological detachment as resource replenishing mechanisms, while cautions against further emphasizing work meaningfulness to employees confronted with a highly novel, disruptive, and critical work event.

12.
Resour Policy ; 78: 102927, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2069636

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of uncertainty is evident in natural resources and financial markets almost every period. However, the global financial crisis and the recent Covid-19 pandemic is considered the most distressful event that disturbs the global economic and financial performance. In such crises, natural resource (mineral) prices also fluctuate as a result of demand and supply shocks. Identifying volatility in metallic resource prices is now the time's need, which consequently leads to implementing appropriate policies for recovery of the global markets. In this sense, the current study analyzed these two period from August 21, 2007, to December 31, 2009 (global financial crisis) and from January 01, 2019, to September 17, 2021 (Covid-19 pandemic). The empirical results obtained via threshold generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (TGARCH) and exponential autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (EGARCH) model asserted that volatility exists in metallic resource prices in both the crises periods. Concerning the global financial cristhe metallic resource prices were more volatile in 2008, while such priwere are highly volatile during the Covid-19 pandemic peak year (2020). Additionally, volatility in metallic resources is found higher in the Covid-19 pandemic, relative to global financial crisis. Based on the empirical results, this study suggests the appropriate policy measures that could help tackle the issue of metallic resource price volatility.

13.
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin ; 2022.
Article in German | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2068589

ABSTRACT

Background Due to the changes in demographics and morbidity, the demand for emergency medical services (EMS) in Germany continues to rise, which requires further enhancement of acute care structures especially between the sectors of outpatient and inpatient care. Therefore, the concept of the community paramedic (in German "Gemeindenotfallsanitater" [G-NFS]) was introduced in 2019 in the region of Oldenburg, Germany, as part of a pilot project with scientific supervision. Methods In this mixed-methods study, online focus group interviews (participation of 56.7% of all G-NFS) were conducted with all four regional groups of G-NFS (city of Oldenburg and the districts of Vechta, Cloppenburg, and Ammerland). In addition, a short online survey (participation of 53.3% of all G-NFS) was carried out with the same interviewees. The interviews and the online survey focused on the personal experiences of the G-NFS before and during the corona pandemic. The interview findings were analyzed based on thematic coding and subsequent evaluation. Results In all, 17 G-NFS participated in the interviews, and 16 G-NFS took part in the survey. According to the G-NFS, the EMS system (so far based on non-urgent and urgent care ambulances) is complemented by the G-NFS with a useful and skilled resource, which offers the necessary relief for urgent care ambulances. The indispensable cross-sectional collaboration with other services works target-oriented and efficiently but differs depending on the local setting. The same applies to the collaboration with the responsible dispatch centers. In addition, the G-NFS was dispatched to triage patients during the corona pandemic peaks and eased the burden on the overall EMS system in the region. Conclusion The G-NFS who participated believe that the concept has thus far in the project phase proven to be very useful. Based on the present experiences and results, the concept can be further developed.

14.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12618, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066437

ABSTRACT

The global expansion of urbanization is posing associated environmental and socioeconomic challenges. The capital city of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, is also facing similar threats. The development of urban green infrastructures (UGIs) are the forefront mechanisms in mitigating these global challenges. Nevertheless, UGIs in Addis Ababa are degrading and inaccessible to the city residents. Hence, a 56 km long Addis River Side Green Development Project is under development with a total investment of USD 1.253 billion funded by Chinese government aid. In phase one of this grand project, Friendship Square Park (FSP), was established in 2019 with a total cost of about USD 50 million. This paper was initiated to describe the establishment process of FSP and assess its social, economic, and environmental contributions to the city. The establishment process was described in close collaboration with the FSP contractor, China Communications Construction Company, Ltd. (CCCC). The land use changes of FSP’s development were determined by satellite images, while its environmental benefits were assessed through plant selection, planting design, and seedling survival rate. Open and/or close ended questionnaires were designed to assess the socioeconomic values of the park. The green space of the area has highly changed from 2002 (8.6%) to 2019 (56.1%) when the park was completed. More than 74,288 seedlings in 133 species of seedlings were planted in the park. The average survival rate of these seedlings was 93%. On average about 500 people visit the park per day, and 400,000 USD is generated, just from the entrance fee, per annum. Overall, 100% of the visitors were strongly satisfied with the current status of the park and recommended some additional features to be included in it. In general, the park is contributing to the environmental and socioeconomic values of the city residents, and this kind of park should be developed in other sub-cities of the city as well as regional cities of Ethiopia to increase the aesthetic, environmental and socioeconomic values of the country, at large.

15.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12371, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066406

ABSTRACT

Traditional villages constitute rural systems with rich cultural heritage resources and the potential for tourism development. Improving resilience in the tourism industry in traditional villages in the post-pandemic era must be urgently reconsidered. This study focuses on the Chinese villages of Zhang Guying and Rebala in Hunan Province and uses a qualitative analysis method. Through in-depth study of two case villages, the study finds that traditional Chinese villages, especially tourist-oriented traditional villages, are more vulnerable to the impact of the epidemic than cities and other places. However, because of their unique traditional cultural connotations, traditional Chinese villages have the potential to enhance tourism resilience in the post-epidemic era through cultural excavation and cultural creative production. The embossed patterns, couplet stories, architecture and folk culture of traditional villages can be used for cultural and creative production. The production of digital products and physical cultural and creative products, and the formation of related industrial chains, will help improve the resilience of village tourism. The joint action of villages, attractiveness (scenic spots), production, social capital, government structure, and cultural creativity helps to transform “vulnerable individuals” into “ resilient industrial structures”. This research helps to reconsider whether the past tourism concepts (cultural creativity and creative tourism) have an effect on existing tourism destinations (especially Chinese traditional villages) in the context of the post-epidemic era, and whether they can be rejuvenated. Like other small organizational structures facing the threat of the epidemic, Chinese traditional villages have problems such as insufficient costs and reduced resource advantages. This study will focus on these issues to explore how cultural creativity can help improve existing problems and enhance tourism resilience.

16.
Iconos ; 26(3):73-94, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067400

ABSTRACT

Este artículo es el resultado de una investigación sobre las condiciones y los condicionantes de la tarea docente en el nivel secundario de la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina, durante la pandemia por la covid-19. El objetivo es analizar cómo se cruzan las desigualdades de género, tecnológicas y sociosanitarias en el quehacer educativo, en un contexto signado por la intensificación de la labor docente y la profundización de las distancias sociales. Consideramos el período comprendido entre marzo de 2020 y marzo de 2021, y analizamos las siguientes particularidades: las regulaciones oficiales, las condiciones laborales docentes, la composición y situación social del hogar de profesoras y profesores, los recursos tecnológicos disponibles y los soportes institucionales que condicionaron la labor pedagógica. Nos basamos en las normativas del período, la estadística oficial, y las encuestas y entrevistas abiertas a docentes de secundaria de cuatro municipios, que reflejan la heterogeneidad de esta provincia argentina. Entre los hallazgos sobresalen la intensificación de la labor de enseñar durante la pandemia y su particular impacto en el nivel secundario por la estructura del puesto de trabajo;en las docentes mujeres la situación se complejiza por la asimetría en el reparto de las tareas de cuidado. La emergencia del trabajo colectivo para afrontar estas condiciones se constituyó como alternativa y soporte a fin de superar el aislamiento.Alternate :This article is the result of an investigation into the conditions and determinants of teaching at the secondary level in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, during the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective is to analyze how gender, technological, and socio-health inequalities intersect in educational work, in a context marked by the intensification of teaching work and widening social gaps. We considered the period between March 2020 and March 2021, and analyzed the following particularities: official regulations, teachers' working conditions, the composition and social situation of teachers' households, technological resources available, and institutional support that conditioned pedagogical work. We studied the regulations of the period, official statistics, and surveys and open interviews with secondary school teachers in four municipalities, which reflect the heterogeneity of this Argentine province. Among the findings, we emphasize the intensification of the work of teaching during the pandemic and its particular impact on the secondary level, due to the structure of this job position;among female teachers, the situation became more complex due to asymmetry in the distribution of care work. Collective work emerged to confront these conditions, as an alternative and support mechanism to overcome isolation.

17.
Insan ve Toplum ; 10(4):413-444, 2020.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067231

ABSTRACT

Inequalities based on income and economy and "social inequalities" that directly affect society are not well understood.Therefore, inequalities with different components are measured and studied at best. Social inequality;due to the development of new situations, events and problems, it creates a relatively new set of dimensions, expectations and results. Social inequality;Due to the development of new situations, events and problems, it creates a relatively new set of dimensions, expectations and results. New developments, enlargements and contractions experienced at global and national scale revealed that inequality in education should be discussed again. In this study, on the basis of rural-urban distinctions and socioeconomic differences, the inequalities that emerged in digital education during the Covid-19 pandemic were examined. Depending on these two distinctions, it is aimed to reveal the inequalities in the access and use of digital media, internet and information communication technologies (D-ICT) of university students who try to participate in distance education at home during the epidemic process. A total of 16 students selected from 3 different universities according to age, gender, place of residence, class and socioeconomic status were included in the study. In the research where qualitative method was applied, the data were obtained through in-depth interviews. Interview data were categorized and converted into themes using the Maxqda qualitative data analysis program. The categories and themes combined as a result of open, axial and selective coding were visualized. The individual and family characteristics of the participants, the environment and financial resources of schools, development, emancipation and acculturation factors interactively have effects on inequality, as well as rural-urban segregation and socioeconomic differentiation are evident in digital education inequality. Gelir ve ekonomi temelli eşitsizliklerin yanı sıra toplumu doğrudan etkileyen “sosyal eşitsizlikler” de yeterince anlaşılamamıştır. Bu nedenle farklı bileşenlerle eşitsizlikler en iyi ihtimalle ölçülmekte ve incelenmektedir. Sosyal eşitsizlik;yeni durum, olay ve sorunların gelişmesi nedeniyle göreceli olarak bir dizi yeni boyut, beklenti ve sonuç ortaya çıkarmaktadır. Küresel ve ulusal ölçekte yaşanan yeni gelişme, genişleme ve daralmalar, eğitimde eşitsizliğin tekrar tartışılması gerektiğini ortaya çıkarmıştır. Bu çalışmada da kırsal-kentsel ayrımlar ile sosyoekonomik farklılaşmalar temelinde Covid-19 salgını sürecinde dijital eğitimde ortaya çıkan eşitsizlikler incelenmiştir. Bu iki ayrıma bağlı olarak salgın sürecinde evde uzaktan eğitime katılmaya çalışan üniversite öğrencilerinin dijital medya, internet, bilgi ve iletişim teknolojilerine (DÍB) erişim ve kullanımlarındaki eşitsizliklerin ortaya çıkarılması amaçlanmıştır. Yaş, cinsiyet, ikamet yeri, okuduğu sınıf ve sosyoekonomik statüsüne göre 3 ayrı üniversiteden seçilen toplam 16 öğrenci araştırmaya dâhil edilmiştir. Nitel yöntemin uygulandığı araştırmada, veriler, derinlemesine görüşmelerle elde edilmiştir. Görüşme verileri, Maxqda nitel veri analiz programıyla kategorileştirilmiş ve temalara dönüştürülmüştür. Açık, eksenel ve seçici kodlama neticesinde birleştirilen kategori ve temalar görselleştirilmiştir. Katılımcıların bireysel ve aile özellikleri, okulların çevresi ve mali kaynak durumları, kalkınma, özgürleşme, kültürlenme faktörleri etkileşimli şekilde eşitsizliği ortaya çıkarıcı etkiye sahip olduğu gibi dijital eğitim eşitsizliğinde kırsal-kentsel ayrım ve sosyoekonomik farklılaşmaların belirgin olduğu görülmektedir.

18.
Primary Health Care ; 32(5):9-11, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2067178

ABSTRACT

Continence care is a fundamental part of nursing, yet it has long been seen as a Cinderella service. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Primary Health Care is the property of RNCi and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

19.
Berg Huttenmannische Monatshefte ; 167(4): 146-150, 2022.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1733488

ABSTRACT

The sufficient and responsible supply of mineral resources at fair market conditions is an essential basis for Austria's economic development. Although the geological availability of raw materials is relatively high, disruptions due to geopolitical, economic, or circumstances such as pandemics or natural disasters can lead to a shortage of mineral resources. The ongoing coronavirus pandemic relentlessly shows the vulnerability in a globalised world with complex dependencies and widely ramified value chains. It reveals questions about the security of supply not only for products of daily use but also for basic materials that are urgently needed for the processing industry. The transformation of energy systems, mobility, and the decarbonisation of industry is closely linked to the availability of mineral raw materials. The Master Plan Raw Materials 2030 proposes solutions to respond to the challenges of this decade and to ensure Austria's secure supply of primary and secondary mineral raw materials from Austria and abroad. With a comprehensive package of measures, the Master Plan lays the foundation for Austria's resilient development.

20.
Mathematics ; 10(19):3571, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066230

ABSTRACT

Chronic venous disease (CVD) occurs in a substantial proportion of the world’s population. If the onset of CVD looks like a cosmetic defect, over time, it might be transformed into serious problems that will require surgical intervention. The aim of this work is to use deep learning (DL) methods for automatic classification of the stage of CVD for self-diagnosis of a patient by using the image of the patient’s legs. The images of legs with CVD required for DL algorithms were collected from open Internet resources using the developed algorithms. For image preprocessing, the binary classification problem “legs–no legs” was solved based on Resnet50 with accuracy of 0.998. The application of this filter made it possible to collect a dataset of 11,118 good-quality leg images with various stages of CVD. For classification of various stages of CVD according to the CEAP classification, the multi-classification problem was set and resolved by using four neural networks with completely different architectures: Resnet50 and transformers such as data-efficient image transformers (DeiT) and a custom vision transformer (vit-base-patch16-224 and vit-base-patch16-384). The model based on DeiT without any tuning showed better results than the model based on Resnet50 did (precision = 0.770 (DeiT) and 0.615 (Resnet50)). vit-base-patch16-384 showed the best results (precision = 0.79). To demonstrate the results of the work, a Telegram bot was developed, in which fully functioning DL algorithms were implemented. This bot allowed evaluating the condition of the patient’s legs with fairly good accuracy of CVD classification.

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