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1.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; 54(6):2005-2011, 2023.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244964

ABSTRACT

Compound Qinlan Oral Liquid (,CQOL) is derived from Yinqiao San (), which is composed of Jinyinhua (Lonicerae Japonicae Flos), Huangqin (Scutellariae Radix), Lianqiao (Forsythiae Fructus) and Banlangen (Isatidis Radix). It is a common clinical herbal medicine for clearing heat and detoxification, and has antiviral effects. By reviewing the active ingredients of CQOL and the research progress on its anti-influenza virus and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) efficacy, with view to providing a basis for the clinical use of CQOL in treatment of respiratory diseases caused by SARS-CoV-2.Copyright © 2023 Editorial Office of Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs. All rights reserved.

2.
ERS Monograph ; 2023(99):68-79, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20243330

ABSTRACT

Housing quality and affordability are well established as social determinants of health through direct and indirect mechanisms. Respiratory illnesses related to housing are nearly all the result of housing disrepair that allows intrusion into the home of environmental agents that are directly or indirectly associated with disease. Structural deficiencies such as leaks, cracks in the foundation or holes in the home's exterior can facilitate the presence of mould, which is causally linked to the development of asthma and is associated with exacerbation of asthma symptoms in children and adults. Indoor cleanliness can also contribute to the presence of mice and cockroaches. Proper ventilation can improve air quality, reducing exposure to PM, VOCs and infectious respiratory agents. Disparities in exposure to the housing conditions associated with respiratory disease are readily apparent across socioeconomic lines. Low-income families are less likely to be able to afford the costs of maintaining a home, which prevents them from making repairs that could improve respiratory health.Copyright © ERS 2023.

3.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research ; 15(5):146-153, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20243159

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak in 2019 has presented in the form of pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan. The complete clinical profile including the prevalence of different clinical symptoms of COVID-19 infection among Indian patients who develop a severe disease is largely unknown. This study is aimed to provide a detailed clinical characterization of the cohort of patients who visited our institute with signs and symptoms of COVID-19. Material(s) and Method(s): This was for inpatient hospital (inpatient) based prospective cohort study involving 520 COVID-19 patients admitted to the hospital. The adverse outcome included death and mechanical ventilation. Result(s): Total 520 participants enrolled in the study, (6.9%) participants died, (8.3%) participants required ICU and (5.5%) participants required mechanical ventilation. only signs and symptoms suggestive of severe respiratory system involvement or widespread infection were associated with adverse outcomes, T presence of dyspnoea, cyanosis and hypoxia. The most common chronic disease among patients with adverse outcomes were diabetes, hypertension and pre-existing respiratory disease, personal habit both smoking, and alcoholism was also associated with adverse clinical outcome. Conclusion(s): The adverse clinical outcome among COVID-19 patients is determined by several factors including advanced age, multi-morbidities, and the presence of severe respiratory symptoms.Copyright © 2023, Dr Yashwant Research Labs Pvt Ltd. All rights reserved.

4.
ERS Monograph ; 2023(99):xi-xiii, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20243029
5.
Value in Health ; 26(6 Supplement):S369, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20242066

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To estimate the reclassification of COVID-19 related ICD-10 codes from admission to discharge using Real-World Data (RWD) from the 2020 Mexican Ministry of Health (MoH) hospitals discharge dataset. Method(s): In this retrospective study, we analyzed all COVID-19 related discharges in the 2020 MoH open database, according to ten ICD-10 codes that the WHO associated with COVID-19. Reclassification was defined as those COVID-19 related cases who were discharged with a different ICD-10 code compared to their ICD-10 admission code. Result(s): From a total of 1,937,360 discharges reported in the MoH's 2020 database 63,740 (3.3%), mostly men (60.8%), with a median age of 56 years, were discharged with a COVID-19 related ICD-10 code and 12,945 of these were reclassified (20.3%). Although "2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease" (U071) had the greatest frequency of reclassified discharges (12,013, 22.3%), the "other coronavirus as the cause of diseases classified elsewhere" (B972) was associated with the greatest reclassification proportion (68, 74.7%) followed by "pneumonia case confirmed as due to COVID-19" (J128) (26.0%). Codes with lower percentages were "acute respiratory distress syndrome due to COVID-19" (J80X) and "acute respiratory failure due to COVID-19" (J960) with 6.3% and 3.8%, respectively. From 63,740 discharges, 50.7% were due to clinical improvement, followed by death (38.2%), transfer to another unit (5.2%) and voluntary discharge (3.3%). The J960 code had the highest mortality (67%) followed by codes J80X (59.7%) and U071 (35.5%). Conclusion(s): In our RWD analysis, we identified that 1 in 5 COVID-19 discharges were admitted with different diagnoses, highlighting the enormous challenges faced by the Mexican MoH during the global health crisis to establish an accurate COVID-19 diagnosis and coding. Given that this is the first reclassification analysis in Mexico, the conduction of future studies is essential to gain more insights on the consequences of reclassification at a health system level.Copyright © 2023

6.
ERS Monograph ; 2023(99):1-10, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20241158

ABSTRACT

Health inequalities in respiratory disease are widespread, and monitoring them is important for advocacy, the design and delivery of health services, and informing wider health policy. In this chapter, we introduce the different ways in which health inequalities can be quantified, including measures that quantify absolute and relative inequalities, and those that measure gaps between groups or differences across the entire social gradient. We consider the strengths and limitations of these different approaches and highlight things to look out for when reading a paper on health inequalities in respiratory health. These include how common the outcome is and whether other factors have been adjusted for, as both can have a crucial impact on interpretation and can lead to misleading conclusions.Copyright © ERS 2023.

7.
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology ; 1413:vii, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20239079
8.
Perfusion ; 38(1 Supplement):197-198, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20238169

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To describe institutional experience using Oxygenated Right Ventricular Assist Device (OxyRVAD) Hybrid ECLS for adolescents with respiratory failure due to SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. Method(s): Between September and December 2021, 44 Covid-19+ patients were admitted to our regional Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU), including 4 adolescents who required Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) due to refractory hypoxemia. Two patients were initially cannulated onto Veno-Venous (VV) ECLS and converted to Oxy-RVAD ECLS due to refractory hypoxemia;the others were cannulated directly onto Oxy-RVAD ECLS. Two patients had observed right ventricular (RV) dysfunction or failure on echocardiography. Cannulations were performed in the cardiac catheterization suite by an interventional cardiologist using percutaneous technique under fluoroscopy. Circuit construction was varied and included the use of a dedicated RVAD cannula or standard cannula used for VA/VV ECLS. All patients were connected to Cardiohelp systems with built in centrifugal pumps and oxygenators. Result(s): Two patients were initially placed on VV-ECLS and converted to Oxy-RVAD ECLS days into their course due to severe, refractory hypoxemia with one having improvement in hypoxemia after the conversion. Two patients received renal replacement therapy (RRT) without complications, the others did not have indications for renal support. Two patients underwent tracheostomy on ECMO though none were able to separate from mechanical ventilation. Three patients survived to discharge. No incidents of circuit air or clotting were noted. The patient with the longest ECLS run required one circuit change and was the only patient to develop a superinfection: a successfully-treated fungal infection. All patients were mobilized on ECLS to sitting in a chair;one was able to ambulate. Conclusion(s): Oxy-RVAD hybrid ECLS can be used to effectively support adolescents with severe respiratory disease from conditions associated with RV dysfunction. Pediatric providers can collaborate with adult critical care colleagues to use novel methods to support these patients. RRT can also be used with this circuit. While more experience and data on this modality is needed, Oxy-RVAD ECLS should be considered in patients with severe RV dysfunction and associated refractory hypoxemia. (Figure Presented).

9.
European Journal of Human Genetics ; 31(Supplement 1):342, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20238003

ABSTRACT

Background/Objectives: Despite intensive research of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-2019 caused by it, factors affecting the severity of the disease remains poorly understood. Clinical manifestations of COVID-2019 may vary from asymptomatic form to pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and multiorgan failure. Features of individual genetic landscape of patients can play an important role in development of the pathological process of COVID-19. In this regard the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of polymorphic variants in genes (ADD1, CAT, IL17F, IL23R, NOS3, IFNL3, IL6, F2, F13A1, ITGB3, HIF1A, MMP12, VEGFA), associated with cardiovascular, respiratory and autoimmune pathologies, on the severity of COVID-19 and post-COVID syndrome in patients from Russia. Method(s): The study included 200 patients recovered from COVID-19. Two groups of patients were formed in accordance with clinical manifestations: with mild and moderate forms of the disease. The polymorphic variants were analysed with real-time PCR using commercial kits (Syntol). Result(s): 13 SNPs (rs4961;rs1001179;rs612242;rs11209026;rs2070744;rs8099917;rs1800795;rs1799963;rs5985;rs5918;rs11549465;rs652438;rs699947) were genotyped and comparative analysis of allele frequency distribution was carried out in two groups of patients recovered from COVID-2019. Conclusion(s): Identification of polymorphic variants in genome associated with severity of pathological processes in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 can contribute to the identification of individuals with an increased risk of severe infection process and can also serve as a basis for developing personalized therapeutic approaches to the treatment of post-COVID syndrome.

10.
Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20237646

ABSTRACT

Objective: Acute respiratory tract infections are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children. Although human bocavirus (HBoV) infections are not as common as other seasonal respiratory viruses, children who are infected with HBoV are more likely to suffer from a variety of respiratory conditions, including the common cold, acute otitis media, asthma exacerbations, bronchiolitis pneumonia, some of the affected children require pediatric intensive care unit stay. Here, we aimed to evaluate pediatric bocavirus (HBoV) cases presenting with severe respiratory tract symptoms during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Method(s): This retrospective study evaluated the medical records of children diagnosed with respiratory infections, followed up at the Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University between September 2021 and March 2022. In this study, patients with HBoV identified using nasopharyngeal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were considered positive. Cases were analyzed retrospectively for their clinical characteristics. Result(s): This study included 54 children (29 girls and 25 boys) with HBoV in nasopharyngeal PCR samples. The cases ranged in age from 1 month to 72 months (median 25 months). At the time of presentation, cough, fever, and respiratory distress were the most prevalent symptoms. Hyperinflation (48%), pneumonic consolidation (42%), and pneumothorax-pneumomediastinum (7%) were observed on the chest X-ray;54% of the children required intensive care unit stay. The median length of hospitalization was 6 days. Bacterial coinfection was detected in 7 (17%) children, while HBoV and other viruses were present in 20 (37%) children;57% of children received supplemental oxygen by mask, 24% high-flow nasal oxygen, 7% continuous positive airway pressure, and 9% invasive mechanical ventilation support. Antibiotics were given to 34 (63%) cases, and systemic steroid treatment was given to 41 (76%) cases. Chest tubes were inserted in three out of the four cases with pneumothorax-pneumomediastinum. All patients were recovered and were discharged from the hospital. Conclusion(s): The COVID-19 pandemic changed the epidemiology of seasonal respiratory viruses and the clinical course of the diseases. Although it usually causes mild symptoms, severe respiratory symptoms can lead to life-threatening illnesses requiring intensive care admission.Copyright © 2023. The Author(s).

11.
Current Drug Therapy ; 18(3):350-356, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20235990

ABSTRACT

Background: The outbreak of acute respiratory syndrome with novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, caused a worldwide outbreak of the disease. To treat the disease, some drugs were identified and introduced that did not show a significant effect on the recovery of the disease. Due to the need to manage inpatient beds, this study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Remdesivir in the treatment of outpatients with moderate to severe COVID-19. Method(s): The present study was a retrospective cohort with a convenience sampling method. It was conducted by referring to the records of COVID-19 patients who were referred to the respiratory clinic of Shahid Beheshti Hospital as outpatients in the period from April to August 2021. Result(s): This study was conducted on 263 COVID-19 patients with a mean age of 51.16+/-14.39 years from 19 and 90 years old. Data were collected through a researcher-made checklist and analyzed using SPSS 20. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, paired t-test, and Mc Nemar's test were used to evaluate the data. The significance level was considered at the level of 0.05. Conclusion(s): Findings revealed that no clear correlation was found between hospitalization and death rate compared to other patients. In our study, the risk factors for severe COVID-19 did not affect the rate of hospitalization or death of patients.Copyright © 2023 Bentham Science Publishers.

12.
Academic Journal of Naval Medical University ; 43(4):406-413, 2022.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20235803

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes of disease spectrum in pediatric inpatients before and after the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods The data of gender, age, habitual residence, diagnosis and other relevant information of 1 931 hospitalized children in Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University (Second Military Medical University) from Feb. 2019 to Jan. 2020 (1 year before the COVID-19 epidemic) and 618 hospitalized children from Feb. 2020 to Jan. 2021 (1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic) were collected. The total number, habitual residence, gender and disease spectrum of hospitalized children 1 year before and 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic were statistically analyzed. Results The number of hospitalized children decreased by 68.00% (1 313/1 931) 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic. The number of hospitalized children from other provinces and cities was decreased (17.80%110/618vs 29.00%560/1 931) and there was significantly difference in the distribution of habitual residence of hospitalized children between 1 year before and 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic (P<0.01). One year after the COVID-19 epidemic, the number of children with respiratory diseases decreased by 92.04% (971/1 055), and the proportion was also decreased (13.59%84/618vs 54.63%1 055/1 931);the number of children with endocrine system diseases increased by 20.71% (29/140), and the proportion was increased (27.35%169/618vs 7.25%140/1 931);the number of children with neonatal diseases decreased by 43.01% (166/386), but the proportion was increased (35.60%220/618 vs 19.99%386/1 931). Compared with 1 year before the COVID-19 epidemic, there were significant differences in the proportions of respiratory diseases, endocrine system diseases and neonatal diseases in hospitalized children 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic (all P<0.01). The age distribution of hospitalized children 1 year before and 1 year after the epidemic of COVID-19 was different (P<0.01), and the number of hospitalized children was also different in different seasons (P<0.05). One year after the epidemic of COVID-19, the number of hospitalized children with respiratory diseases was decreased most significantly, and the number of children with pneumonia decreased by 93.71% (655/699), with a significant difference found in the proportions of pneumonia between 1 year before and 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic (52.38%44/84vs 66.26% 699/1 055, P<0.05). Compared with 1 year before the COVID-19 epidemic, the proportion of endocrine system diseases such as short stature/growth retardation was decreased and the proportion of precocious puberty/early puberty development was increased 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic (P<0.05). Conclusion The COVID-19 epidemic has led to a significant decrease in hospitalized children in department of pediatric, especially in the proportion of respiratory diseases, but it has led to an increase in hospitalized children with endocrine system diseases, suggesting that epidemic prevention and control measures can effectively reduce respiratory diseases requiring hospitalization, but may increase precocious puberty and early puberty development. These changes should be considered by department of pediatrics in general hospitals.Copyright © 2022, Second Military Medical University Press. All rights reserved.

13.
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche ; 182(4):215-221, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20234401

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: To carry out a retrospective bibliometric analysis of articles, published since the beginning of the pandemic, which addressed the topic of physical exercise and COVID-19, in order to provide a reference of origin for research on the topic. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This is a bibliometric study, which addressed the production / dissemination, through information recorded in the PubMed database, about physical exercise and COVID-19, published since the beginning of the pandemic. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: 111 publications in total were retrieved from PubMed in the first round of research and 93 publications were identified after reviewing the study titles and s. Eligibility was assessed for these 93 publications throughout the text and 76 were entered after removing duplicates and irrelevant records. According to Bradford's Law, we identified 76 publications in 53 journals from seven different countries. The countries of the journals that published the most were the United States (20, 37.7%) and the United Kingdom (15, 28.3%). The journals that most published on the subject were: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Obesity, Encephale and Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, each with 03 studies. According to Lotka's Law, the most productive authors: Lavie CJ Smith I, with 4 articles published. When evaluating the word frequencies by Zipf's Law, it was observed that 16 words had at least 10 occurrences, with the words Covid-19, Exercise and Pandemic with 80, 39 and 38 occurrences respectively. CONCLUSION(S): According to our analysis, this research provides a current scenario of how studies related to physical exercise and COVID-19 are going on in the world, serving as a reference for researchers on this topic.Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA.

14.
Clinical Immunology ; Conference: 2023 Clinical Immunology Society Annual Meeting: Immune Deficiency and Dysregulation North American Conference. St. Louis United States. 250(Supplement) (no pagination), 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20234193

ABSTRACT

Background: Lymphoproliferation is the persistent proliferation of lymphoid cells and it's incidence in inborn errors of immunity varies from 0.7 to 18%. Material(s) and Method(s): This is a retrospective analysis of patients referred to the department of Immunology, B. J. Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai between March 2017 to December 2022. Inclusion criteria consisted of 3 months duration of significant lymphadenopathy and/or splenomegaly or history of lymphoma. The clinical characteristics, laboratory and molecular findings of the included patients were analyzed. Result(s): A total of 66 patients were included. There was a male preponderance with male:female ratio of 25:8. Median age of onset of lymphoproliferation was 4.75 years(Range 1 year to 60 years). Splenomegaly was seen in 75%. Infections included recurrent pneumonia (14/66), recurrent ear infections(5/66), COVID(4/66), one episode of pneumonia(6/66), herpes zoster(3/66), recurrent subcutaneous abscess (3/66), abdominal koch(3/66), chronic sinusitis(2/66), dermatophytosis(2/66), esophageal candidiasis(2/66), recurrent malaria(1/66), recurrent varicella(1/66), cryptococcal meningitis(1/66), gram negative sepsis(1/66), BCG adenitis(1/66), pseudomonas osteomyelitis(1/66), impetigo (1/66), pseudomonas urinary tract infection (1/66), chicken pox(1/66), herpes keratitis(1/66), dengue(1/66), Other manifestations included Evans plus phenotype(10/66), Evans phenotype(8/66), Autoimmune hemolytic anemia(5/66), bronchiectasis(5/66), Type 1 diabetes(3/66), hyper reactive airway disease(2/66), inflammatory bowel disease(4/66), autoimmune thrombocytopenia(2/66), stroke(3/66), hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis(2/66), hypertriglyceridemia(2/66), hypothyroidism(2/66), celiac disease(1/66), Type 2 diabetes(1/66), autoimmune encephalitis(1/66), autoimmune hepatitis(2/66), anti-parietal cell antibody(1/66), arthritis(1/66), autoimmune enteropathy(1/66), systemic lupus erythromatosus(1/66), primary biliary cirrhosis requiring liver transplant(1/66), nephrotic syndrome(1/66), lymphoedema(1/66), hypersplenism(1/66), recurrent oral ulcers(1/66), gout(1/66), dermatitis(1/66), ovarian teratoma(1/66), alopecia areata(1/66). Hodgkin's lymphoma(HL) was the most common malignancy(9/66), followed by non Hodgkin lymphoma(NHL)(6/66), transformation from NHL to HL(1/66), Burkitt to T-cell lymphoma(1/66), HL to DLBCL(1/66), HL to anaplastic T-cell lymphoma(1/66). EBV driven lymphoproliferation was seen in biopsy of21/66. Genetic testing showed mutations in LRBA(11/66), PIK3CD(5/66), CTLA4(3/66), TET2(2/66), IL2RA (1/66), IL12RB1(1/66), BACH2(1/66), PRKCD(1/66), TNFSFR13B(1/66), TNFAIP3(1/66), FAS(2/66), FASL(1/66), Caspase8(1/66), CARD11(1/66), RTEL1(1/66), AICD(1/66), PIK3R1(1/66), IKBKB(1/66). Treatment included IVIG, chemotherapy, rituximab, sirolimus, abatacept, HSCT. Conclusion(s): All children with persistent lymphoproliferation, with or without autoimmunity and/or infections should be worked up for an underlying monogenic disorder of immune dysregulation. Lymphomas presenting at abnormal site and/or age, relapse and EBV driven lymphomas require further evaluation. Presence of monogenic cause helps in providing targeted therapy.Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc.

15.
Azerbaijan Medical Journal ; - (1):36-41, 2023.
Article in Azerbaijani | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20233034

ABSTRACT

The article provides information about a study conducted to investigate the efficacy of doxophylline in post-COVID respiratory syndrome. The study was conducted on an outpatient basis at the Educational and Therapeutic Clinic of the Azerbaijan Medical University for 3 months in 2021-2022. The study included 47 patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia (PCR or rapid antigen test) and X-ray 4-12 weeks before the examination. In addition to general instrumental examinations, the intensity of cough was determined in patients - a questionnaire for assessing the severity of cough (Zhan W.), a modified dyspnea scale of the Medical Research Council and spirometry (FEV1 -ANHT1, EF, Tiffno index) examination. In accordance with the purpose of the work, post-COVID respiratory syndrome was confirmed in patients based on anamnestic-questionnaire scales and a spirometric examination performed at the beginning of treatment. After examination, all patients were prescribed doxofillin (Puroxan) 400 mg 2 times a day for 2 weeks. And for some patients who did not have a positive clinical and/or spirometric result, treatment was extended up to 8 weeks. During the study, all patients taking doxophylline showed a significant decrease in the intensity of cough and improvement in respiratory parameters. In conclusion, it can be considered appropriate to administer doxofylline at a dose of 400 mg to patients to improve respiratory parameters in post-COVID respiratory syndrome.Copyright © 2023 Ministry of Health. All rights reserved.

16.
Infectious Diseases: News, Opinions, Training ; 11(3):12-20, 2022.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2327224

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to assess the frequency of symptoms of post-COVID syndrome by means of a questionnaire among medical university employees. Material and methods. From March 2021 to February 2022, an anonymous online survey was conducted at the A.I. Yevdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation. Only 313 fully completed questionnaires were selected for analysis. Results and discussion. A wide range of asthenic, infectious-inflammatory, respiratory, cardiovascular, neuropsychiatric, gastroenterological and dermatological symptoms were noted both during the peak period and during the convalescence of COVID-19. According to the subjective data of respondents, for more than 3 months, various symptoms associated with deterioration of health after recovering from a new coronavirus infection persisted in 25.9% of cases. Within 3-6 months after the illness and more than 6 months, 44.6% and 55.4% of respondents noted the presence of symptoms of post-COVID syndrome, respectively. During the analysis, it was found that with an increase in the volume of lung damage according to CT data, there was a tendency to increase the proportion of respondents with a long-term (more than 6 months) persistent symptoms of post-COVID syndrome from 20% with CT score 0, up to 29% with CT score 1-2 and up to 58% with CT score 3-4. In this regard, apparently, it is necessary to develop additional screening programs as part of the medical examination of COVID-19 patients. Conclusion. SARS-CoV-2 infection causes a wide range of symptoms both during the period of the disease and during the period of convalescence. Attention should be paid to the need for a targeted survey of patients who have undergone COVID-19 to identify the manifestations of post-COVID syndrome and conduct their medical examination with the participation of a multidisciplinary team.Copyright © Eco-Vector, 2022.

17.
American Journal of Gastroenterology ; 117(10 Supplement 2):S1643-S1644, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2323840

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In a subset of Covid19-convalescent patients, a multitude of long-term sequelae are increasingly being reported. We report 4 cases with varying neuro-GI and motility manifestations after recent COVID-19 infection. Case Description/Methods: Case 1: A 23-year-old man contracted COVID-19 and had a protracted course of respiratory illness. Despite resolution of respiratory symptoms and dysgeusia, he continued to experience early satiety, postprandial nausea, vomiting and unintentional weight loss. Gastric Emptying Scan (GES) revealed gastroparesis (Figure A). Dietary modification and metoclopramide led to symptomatic improvement. Case 2: A 39-year-old woman with migraines, suffered from Covid-19 infection where anosmia and respiratory symptoms lasted for 2 weeks. Despite resolution of initial symptoms, she started experiencing nausea and vomiting, and reported stereotypical symptoms with complete absence of vomiting between episodes. Endoscopic examination, CT head and GES were normal. Urine tox screen was negative for cannabinoids. She responded favorably to amitriptyline and ondansetron. Case 3: A 47-year-old man started experiencing severe constipation associated with abdominal pain and bloating soon after being diagnosed with COVID-19. Three months after resolution of respiratory symptoms, in addition to constipation, he began reporting postprandial fullness, early satiation and epigastric pain. GES showed gastroparesis ( figure B) and a Sitzmarks Study revealed delayed colonic transit (Figure C). Prucalopride was started, leading to improvement in symptoms. Case 4: A 74-year-old woman with obesity and diabetes, was hospitalized and intubated for severe respiratory distress due to COVID-19. After discharge, she had persistent symptoms of brain fog, fatigue, dyspnea as well as diarrhea and abdominal cramping, persisting despite loperamide and dicyclomine. C. difficile toxin, random colonic biopsies and H2 breath test were unremarkable. Her symptoms eventually improved with rifaximin. Discussion(s): We report 4 cases with post-COVID gastroparesis, cyclical vomiting syndrome, pan-gut dysmotility, and post-infectious IBS phenotypes.The pathophysiology of post-infectious-gut-brain disorders is still obscure. The current conceptual framework implicates acquired neuropathy, altered motility, intestinal barrier disruption and persistent intestinal inflammation. Similar pathophysiology may be involved in COVID-19 infection leading to sustained neurogastroenterological dysfunction and gut dysmotility.

18.
International Journal of Infectious Diseases ; 130(Supplement 2):S154, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2323525

ABSTRACT

Intro: Guided by the annex-2 decision instrument of the International Health Regulations (IHR) 2005, public health events are assessed and notified to WHO by the IHR State Parties. Similarly, using the secure Event Information Site (EIS), the WHO shares information with the IHR State Parties through their National Focal Points (NFPs). This summarizes information about such events associated with the WHO European Region (EURO). Method(s): From the EIS, a list of events that may constitute a public health emergency of international concern shared by the WHO with the NFPs was extracted. This descriptive analysis includes data from 2007-2022 within the European Region or travel-associated while events occurred elsewhere. Finding(s): Of all the events (from six WHO Regions), 15% were associated with the European Region. The annual proportion varied such as 8% in 2007 and 22% in 2022. Events' classification by hazards and syndromes showed infectious (89%) and acute respiratory syndromes (42%) as the most common causes. Per annex-2 of the IHR (2005), about 88% and 66% of events qualified for unusual/unexpected or serious public health impact respectively and 60% simultaneously qualified both the criteria. About 61% of events qualified for unusual/unexpected and having risk of international spread concurrently. Similarly, 55% events had risk of international spread and serious public health impact, simultaneously. About 16% had risk of interference with international travel/trade. The recent EIS communications (2019-2022) were related to monkeypox, COVID-19, hepatitis of unknown aetiology, human influenza caused by a new subtype and polio. Conclusion(s): The events' assessment shared with the NFPs through the secure EIS platform is promptly accessible to all the IHR State Parties. Over the past fifteen years, such communications can improve situational awareness of events and facilitate information exchange for IHR State-Parties. Moreover, this encourages handling hazards at their source and strengthen readiness and response.Copyright © 2023

19.
Academic Journal of Naval Medical University ; 43(4):406-413, 2022.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2323167

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes of disease spectrum in pediatric inpatients before and after the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods The data of gender, age, habitual residence, diagnosis and other relevant information of 1 931 hospitalized children in Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University (Second Military Medical University) from Feb. 2019 to Jan. 2020 (1 year before the COVID-19 epidemic) and 618 hospitalized children from Feb. 2020 to Jan. 2021 (1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic) were collected. The total number, habitual residence, gender and disease spectrum of hospitalized children 1 year before and 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic were statistically analyzed. Results The number of hospitalized children decreased by 68.00% (1 313/1 931) 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic. The number of hospitalized children from other provinces and cities was decreased (17.80%[110/618]vs 29.00%[560/1 931]) and there was significantly difference in the distribution of habitual residence of hospitalized children between 1 year before and 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic (P<0.01). One year after the COVID-19 epidemic, the number of children with respiratory diseases decreased by 92.04% (971/1 055), and the proportion was also decreased (13.59%[84/618]vs 54.63%[1 055/1 931]);the number of children with endocrine system diseases increased by 20.71% (29/140), and the proportion was increased (27.35%[169/618]vs 7.25%[140/1 931]);the number of children with neonatal diseases decreased by 43.01% (166/386), but the proportion was increased (35.60%[220/618] vs 19.99%[386/1 931]). Compared with 1 year before the COVID-19 epidemic, there were significant differences in the proportions of respiratory diseases, endocrine system diseases and neonatal diseases in hospitalized children 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic (all P<0.01). The age distribution of hospitalized children 1 year before and 1 year after the epidemic of COVID-19 was different (P<0.01), and the number of hospitalized children was also different in different seasons (P<0.05). One year after the epidemic of COVID-19, the number of hospitalized children with respiratory diseases was decreased most significantly, and the number of children with pneumonia decreased by 93.71% (655/699), with a significant difference found in the proportions of pneumonia between 1 year before and 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic (52.38%[44/84]vs 66.26% [699/1 055], P<0.05). Compared with 1 year before the COVID-19 epidemic, the proportion of endocrine system diseases such as short stature/growth retardation was decreased and the proportion of precocious puberty/early puberty development was increased 1 year after the COVID-19 epidemic (P<0.05). Conclusion The COVID-19 epidemic has led to a significant decrease in hospitalized children in department of pediatric, especially in the proportion of respiratory diseases, but it has led to an increase in hospitalized children with endocrine system diseases, suggesting that epidemic prevention and control measures can effectively reduce respiratory diseases requiring hospitalization, but may increase precocious puberty and early puberty development. These changes should be considered by department of pediatrics in general hospitals.Copyright © 2022, Second Military Medical University Press. All rights reserved.

20.
International Journal of Infectious Diseases ; 130(Supplement 2):S41, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2322653

ABSTRACT

The Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System (GISRS) was established by WHO in 1952 to conduct surveillance for influenza to inform strain selection for seasonal vaccines and to monitor for influenza pandemics. In 2016 WHO initiated a pilot project to add RSV to influenza surveillance platforms;this was disrupted by the SARS CoV-2 pandemic, and SARS CoV-2 was the first pathogen to be incorporated into influenza sentinel surveillance on a wide scale. This resulted in a "GISRS-plus" surveillance network for influenza and SARS CoV-2 that is now being standardized by WHO. In the wake of the SARS CoV-2 pandemic, there is global interest and funding to support pan-respiratory disease surveillance, which could result in expanding influenza/SARS CoV-2 surveillance platforms to include other pathogens and enhancing event- and indicator-based surveillance. Challenges with expanding sentinel surveillance include overburdening sentinel surveillance systems, reduced number of samples collected and loss of data quality for influenza and SARS CoV-2;thus, other types of surveillance for respiratory diseases might also be considered. This talk describes CDC-supported influenza surveillance platforms in Southeast Asia and recent successes and challenges in adding SARS CoV-2 to this surveillance. It discusses potential risks and benefits to GISRS-plus surveillance created by including other pathogens. Finally, it discusses decision-making steps on which methods to use for collecting data on respiratory viruses.Copyright © 2023

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