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1.
Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism ; 13(6):1574-1583, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2081030

ABSTRACT

The goal of this research was to determine if corporate social responsibility, risk perceptions, and understanding of COVID-19 of international tourism enterprises had an impact on Jordanian travelers’ decisions about international tourist products. Questionnaire (self-reporting) was created and distributed to 321 participants, with 311 valid replies being evaluated for statistical analysis. The results of the multiple linear regression show that risk perception, COVID-19 knowledge perception, and international tourism enterprises' corporate social responsibility are major determinants of attitude toward and behavioral intention. Nevertheless, the limited sample size raises the question of generalizability, which should be examined in more depth in future research. The influence of international tourism businesses on travelers’ decision-making by the majority of respondents suggests that such international tourist businesses have a lot of room to grow in the future. The difficulty is to ensure that it continues to match tourism's expectations, resulting in an increase in international tourist business visitors. This research is advanced since it contains information on worldwide tourism businesses, particularly in Jordan. The tourism industry will benefit from the main aspects identified. © 2022, ASERS Publishing House. All rights reserved.

2.
International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences ; 9(10):66-73, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072392

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to determine the actual and ultimate necessary level of social responsibility of distance higher education in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The article presents a model for assessing the effectiveness of teaching and social responsibility of distance higher education in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. This model, unlike the existing ones, takes into account organizational and technological, economic, and socio-pedagogical factors. The degree of influence of the presented factors was revealed using factor analysis. Based on the taxonomic method and cluster analysis, clusters of universities were obtained by the level of teaching effectiveness and social responsibility of distance higher education in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The initial data included online reporting of SO higher education institutions from the Top 200 Ukraine rating for 2020;the results of a survey of teachers and students on the Google Forms platform. The proposed model, unlike the existing ones, makes it possible to adjust the components of distance learning at universities, to develop a system of measures to increase the level of social responsibility of distance learning in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. (C) 2022 The Authors. Published by IASE.

3.
Global Business Review ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070674

ABSTRACT

The study attempted to explain the role of regional identity on the relationship between perceived corporate social responsibility (PCSR) and purchase intention through customer satisfaction and brand loyalty in South and Southeast Asian regions during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. A quantitative research was conducted with a survey including a sample of 3,870 regular retail customers from six countries in South and Southeast Asia. The data were analysed to test the hypotheses using SmartPLS. It found a significant and positive chain relationship between PCSR, satisfaction, brand loyalty and purchase intention in all six countries. In a comparative analysis, regional identity significantly, strongly and positively moderated the relationship in India and Pakistan except Sri Lanka while regional identity significantly and positively but weakly moderated the relationship in Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand. The study is the first investigation to discover dynamic role of customers' regional identity in making impactful CSR in a pandemic. It also made several theoretical and managerial implications with future research insights on retail consumer behaviour.

4.
Managerial Auditing Journal ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070248

ABSTRACT

Purpose - This paper aims to investigate the effect of firms sustainability practices on firm performance and valuation during the COVLD-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach - Using a sample of Australian listed firms from 2011 to 2021, the authors perform textual analysis on sustainability practices from annual reports and sustainability report disclosures and include this variable in various regression models that assess firm valuation. The authors also use propensity score matching and Heckman two-stage regression methodology to address endogeneity concerns. Findings - The authors find that flints disclosing sustainability practices exhibit higher market valuations relative to other firms. Specifically, lass-making fins exhibit higher market valuation during the COVID-19 crisis relative to prior period. The authors also observe a negative association between sustainability practices and firm performance proxied by return on assets. The findings suggest that engagement in sustainable practices helps loss-making firms remain resilient during the pandemic In addition, the authors find that the positive relation between sustainability practices and firm value is stronger among firms with a higher level of annual report readability. Originality/value - Considering the conflicting evidence in the literature on the economic benefits of sustainability practices, this study takes advantage of the heterogeneity in corporate practices and provides empirical evidence that a firm's sustainability practices can build economic resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. The authors believe the findings of the study is timely in informing the regulators and standard-setters on changes in reporting required to increase sustainability in the business practices.

5.
International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070221

ABSTRACT

Purpose The usage of sport stadia for public service is increasingly common and may come in different forms. In the COVID-19 pandemic, this included sport entities hosting mass COVID-19 vaccinations at their stadiums. The purpose of this study was to examine the branding effects of a COVID-19 mass vaccination center as communicated by (1) a sport entity (i.e. stadium and its two teams) and (2) the public. Design/methodology/approach The authors analyzed the entity's social media messages related to the mass vaccination center for the three groups, the stadium and its two sports team tenants (N = 48) while comparing the public's social media content about the vaccination center (N = 187). An empirical material coding analysis was conducted. Findings The sport entity's posts revealed 12 codes, five categories and two themes communicated about their brand: In this together-community impact and showcasing brand attributes. The public posts analysis revealed 21 codes, eight categories and four themes, creating brand awareness, establishing/reaffirming brand attributes, affective response and in this together-community response. Originality/value The identification of the two organization themes and four public themes provided an initial examination of the mass vaccination efforts' impact on the sport entity's brand. With the rise of stadia being utilized as public service venues (e.g. voting centers and disaster shelters), the results of the study can provide guidance to communicating the host team's brand during these times. Results also suggest the public perception of such service reflected positive opportunities for brand exposure and subsequent effects for the teams.

6.
International Journal of Ethics and Systems ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070216

ABSTRACT

Purpose - This study aims to establish whether the corporate social responsibilities (CSR) practices of Islamic banks are compatible with the sustainable development goals (SDGs) of the United Nations. Design/methodology/approach - A documentary research method was applied by examining the annual reports of selected Islamic banks from Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, the UAE and Malaysia for 2020, which coincided with the COVID-19 pandemic. Findings - The results indicate that Islamic banks discharged various CSR activities and contributed huge funds toward achieving the SDGs of the United Nations. Specifically, the banks prioritized the following CSR sectors: education, health, environmental protection and disaster relief and management. Besides, they provided support to micro and small businesses toward poverty alleviation. Research limitations/implications - This study examined only CSR reports of the selected Islamic banks for 2020. Practical implications - The findings have practical implications that may enable Islamic banks across the globe to improve their CSR initiatives, activities and reporting toward realizing the SDGs. They arc also helpful to policyrnakers and regulators for the provisions of policies and regulations to motivate or mandate Islamic banks to effectively improve their CSR practices. Social implications - CSR practices of Islamic banks can significantly support the SDGs toward mitigating many economic and social problems. Originality/value - This study applied a relevant but rarely used method to explore the role of CSR practices of Islamic banks in achieving the SDGs.

7.
International Journal of Emerging Markets ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070214

ABSTRACT

Purpose This study aims to investigate the nonfinancial information related to capitals (intellectual, human, social and relationship, and natural) demanded by professional investors in their decision-making process, which can improve the usefulness of integrated reporting for this target audience. Design/methodology/approach A Systematic Literature Review in the Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases enabled the identification of information demanded by professional investors. This information was presented to experienced Brazilian investors participating in a focus group to align the theory on this topic with professional practice. Findings The results allow us to conclude that the focus group participants' perception is aligned with the international literature, both in the importance given to most of the nonfinancial information items identified and in the lack of interest in using integrated reporting in investment decisions. Nonetheless, the general perception of the focus group is not aligned with the literature procedures in terms of social and environmental information. Research limitations/implications A study with a larger scope and the adoption of other approaches can contribute to broaden the understanding of the perspectives of professional investors in Brazil, as well as in other regions. Practical implications The authors provide evidence that contributes to discussions about the information to be disclosed in integrated reports. Their results are useful to legislators, regulators, report preparers and investors. Originality/value The authors investigate the information demanded by professional investors in their decision-making process aiming to fill the literature gap relating the determinants of the integrated reporting disclosure and what is demanded by this target audience as a minimum content to be reported. As an additional result they offer interesting contributions to the literature providing reflections on nonfinancial information which have become important for Brazilian investors as from the COVID-19 pandemic.

8.
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management ; 52:416-427, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2069329

ABSTRACT

Recent studies on the pandemic have focused on the DOs and DON'Ts of recovery remedies, but few have investigated the pandemic-spawned fundamental internal problems of the enterprises in order to diminish the impacts of the mega-crisis and relieve the need for recovery efforts. It is incontestable that employees are one of the major victims of the pandemic crisis;their negative emotions caused by the increasing career and financial instability have heightened the challenges of their enterprises that are striking for survival. This research has identified a breakthrough that extends the effect of CSR efforts from the traditional societal focus to internal employees, to whom CSR is found to mediate the undesirable escape habits and anti-crisis behaviours resulted from crises. This strengthens the understanding and value of CSR, while presents management with a novel mixed strategy to stabilize employee emotions and assemble their competence to get through a crisis.

9.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(11):3274-3258, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067338

ABSTRACT

In March 2020, Coronavirus disease was officially announcedas a pandemic all over the world by the World Health Organization(WHO) Since then, the whole pharmaceutical world is in a state of warwith COVID-19 and has a responsibility to provide its vaccine for theentire world as soon as possible. The coronavirus outbreak has broughtunprecedented measures, which forced the authorities to make decisionsrelated to the installation of lockdown in the areas most hit by the pan-demic. Social media has been an important support for people whilepassing through this difficult period. Tweets collected, analyzed, and in-cluded in the media reports. Based on the analysis, it can be seen thatMost tweets are neutral, while the number of compatible tweets exceedsthenumberoftweetsagainsttweets.[5, 15, 17]Intermsofnews,itisconsidered that the occurrence of tweets follows the practice of events.Moreover, the proposed method can be used in a long-term monitoringcampaign that can help governments to establish appropriate commu-nication systems and to evaluate them in order to provide clear andadequate information to the general public, which can increase publicconfidenceinthevaccinecampaign.Thedatasetistrainedonamachinelearningmodeltoclassifytheopinionsof peopleonthevaccinationpro-cess.ThealgorithmsusedareBERT,SVMandNaiveBayes.[1,7]. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

10.
Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine ; 20(3):252-257, 2020.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067158

ABSTRACT

During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemics, universities take responsibility for the health of their students and epidemic control. Our urgent recommendation focuses on four key questions of emergency management in universities following rigorous evidence-based approaches and provides timely suggestions to university managers, academic faculties and student affairs managers. We recommend universities during the COVID-19 epidemics should: 1) suspend offline lectures;2) provide proper health education on the disease;3) encourage face masks, however oppose using N95 masks on the campus;4) encourage hand hygiene and provide sanitizing products on the campus. Copyright © 2020 West China University of Medical Science. All rights reserved.

11.
Romanian Journal of Legal Medicine ; 30(1):60-65, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066936

ABSTRACT

Introduction. During a pandemic, doctors are or are not willing to work due to numerous factors. Studies have shown that doctors tend to prioritize their own safety and the safety of their families. Objective. We have built a profile for doctors who prioritize their own safety and the safety of their families during a pandemic. Method. A total of 1285 Romanian doctors completed an online survey belonging to a larger study. We used a logistical binary regression to build a profile for doctors who consider their own safety and the safety of their families as having priority. All the participants responded, among other things, to an item about responsibility. We performed Backward-Wald computations to determine the best predictors. Results. We reached seven predictors that could differentiate between respondents who tended to agree with the responsibility statement and those who tended to disagree. The Cox and Snell pseudo R2 coefficient were.11. The predictors referred to: leaving the job to protect family, transportation, new job responsibilities, necessity of wage, needing to contribute, abandoning patients and working in a different hospital. Conclusion. The results show that doctors are not necessarily aligned with the theoretical “duty to care”. Those who prioritize safety for themselves and for their families seem to feel strongly about a hierarchy of values they have. For these doctors, institutional responsibility might take precedence with respect to patients, so they do not feel a sense of abandoning their patients if they don’t show up to work.

12.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12879, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066476

ABSTRACT

Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) criteria are novel and exciting tools of corporate disclosure for decision making. Using quantitative and qualitative analyses, the present study examined the key characteristics and trends of ESG controversies in the European market. At the same time, it identified the controversies’ determinants. A bibliometric analysis was the qualitative method employed on the data derived from Scopus using Biblioshiny software, an R package. The quantitative analysis involved an international sample of 2278 companies headquartered in Europe from 2017–2019 being studied using a Generalized Linear Model. The findings of this research highlighted the role of the “S” and the “G” dimensions of the ESG controversies as the most crucial in affecting controversies. Women are under-represented in the business hierarchy, but their natural characteristics such as friendliness and peaceability lead to a low level of illegal business practices. However, independent of gender, executives have personal gains that they want to satisfy. Thus, executives may become involved in unethical practices and harm their colleagues and the business’s reputation. On the other hand, democracy emerged as one of the most disputed factors. Democracy gives people the voice to express themselves and publicly support their ideas without restrictions. Although, the regression results showed that democracy is not always operated as the “pipe of peace” and can affect, to some extent, controversies.

13.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12619, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066438

ABSTRACT

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) cannot be achieved without quality education and the cultivation of innovative and international talents. This study examined high school students’ English learning motivation structure, the differences between male and female students, and the motivational impact on English learning achievement. Participants included 778 high school students (385 boys and 393 girls) from two Chinese high schools in two representative regions. The results showed that the English learning motivation of high school students mainly included four types, namely, intrinsic interest, learning situation, social responsibility, and personal development. Females’ English learning motivation was significantly higher than that of males. Further, intrinsic interest and personal development had a significantly positive impact on English achievement, whereas social responsibility had a significantly negative impact, and learning situation had no significant impact. The above findings contribute to further understanding of the internal structure of second language learning motivation and the influence mechanism of motivation on achievement, which are of great significance to students’ growth and the sustainable improvement in the quality of education.

14.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12289, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066390

ABSTRACT

Business education faces shortcomings that can be mitigated through the broad perspective of interdisciplinarity, fulfilling a call for a greater orientation toward Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). Despite the relevance and urgency, current frameworks cannot embed context-related problems into their design, increasing the detachment of wicked problems and management education, and falling short of the goal-oriented prerogative. Interdisciplinarity is up to this task as an educational attitude and behaviour rather than a toolkit of cross-disciplinary classification. This paper aims to propose a framework for interdisciplinarity-based sustainability management for business education. We established the framework via a literature review analysis, and then we validated it through discussions with specialists from the United Nations Principles for Responsible Management Education (UN-PRME) to introduce a model with 49 evidence-driven, interdisciplinarity practices. We grouped results in three main dimensions of analysis connecting the 16 categories. We gave special attention to spaces of discomfort that ought to be fostered in business schools under a critical thinking perspective and the student’s role in the relevance of sustainability education. The work harbours practical implications for developing better practices for management education by blending an interdisciplinary approach to sustainability in the management education literature.

15.
Sustainability ; 14(19):11886, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066375

ABSTRACT

Environmental, social, and corporate governance (ESG) has become essential for corporate sustainability. Among ESG activities, we focus on governance structure since firms can properly engage in activities related to environmental and social responsibility only when their corporate governance structures are well established. Outside directors play an important role in governance structure since they monitor the management and provide expertise to the board of directors. In this study, we pay particular attention to the compensation of outside directors, which reflects the effort, expertise, and independence of outside directors. Based on data from listed firms on the Korea Stock Exchange in South Korea between 2014 and 2020, we examine the association between outside directors’ compensation and ESG performance in certain firms with unique governance structures, namely, chaebols (or family firms). We find that the compensation of outside directors is positively associated with ESG performance, implying that outside directors’ compensation motivates effective monitoring and advisement of management and has an incremental effect on ESG performance. We suggest that the compensation of outside directors is one of the key factors that can significantly affect ESG performance. Therefore, investors and policymakers may evaluate whether a firm is doing well in terms of ESG activities by examining the compensation of outside directors.

16.
Pharmaceutical Journal ; 307(7953), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2065003
17.
Pharmaceutical Journal ; 307(7953), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2065002
18.
JMIR Form Res ; 6(10): e35744, 2022 Oct 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065301

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The proliferation of vaccine misinformation on social media has seriously corrupted the public's confidence in vaccination. Proactively sharing provaccination messages on social media is a cost-effective way to enhance global vaccination rates and resist vaccine misinformation. However, few strategies for encouraging the public to proactively share vaccine-related knowledge on social media have been developed. OBJECTIVE: This research examines the effect of value type (individual vs collective) and message framing (gain vs loss) on influenza vaccination intention (experiment 1) and the willingness to share provaccination messages (experiment 2) among Chinese adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. The primary aim was to evaluate whether messages that emphasized collective value were more effective in increasing the willingness to share than messages that emphasized individual value. METHODS: We enrolled 450 Chinese adults for experiment 1 (n=250, 55.6%) and experiment 2 (n=200, 44.4%). Participants were randomly assigned to individual-gain, individual-loss, collective-gain, or collective-loss conditions with regard to the message in each experiment using the online survey platform's randomization function. Experiment 1 also included a control group. The primary outcome was influenza vaccination intention in experiment 1 and the willingness to share provaccination messages in experiment 2. RESULTS: The valid sample included 213 adults in experiment 1 (females: n=151, 70.9%; mean age 29 [SD 9] years; at least some college education: n=202, 94.8%; single: n=131, 61.5%) and 171 adults in experiment 2 (females: n=106, 62.0%; mean age 28 [SD 7] years; at least some college education: n=163, 95.3%; single: n=95, 55.6%). Influenza vaccination intention was stronger in the individual-value conditions than in the collective-value conditions (F3,166=4.96, P=.03, η2=0.03). The reverse result was found for the willingness to share provaccination messages (F3,165=6.87, P=.01, η2=0.04). Specifically, participants who received a message emphasizing collective value had a higher intention to share the message than participants who read a message emphasizing individual value (F3,165=6.87, P=.01, η2=0.04), and the perceived responsibility for message sharing played a mediating role (indirect effect=0.23, 95% lower limit confidence interval [LLCI] 0.41, 95% upper limit confidence interval [ULCI] 0.07). In addition, gain framing facilitated influenza vaccination intention more than loss framing (F3,166=5.96, P=.02, η2=0.04). However, experiment 2 did not find that message framing affected message-sharing willingness. Neither experiment found an interaction between value type and message framing. CONCLUSIONS: Strengthened individual value rather than collective value is more likely to persuade Chinese adults to vaccinate. However, these adults are more likely to share a message that emphasizes collective rather than individual value, and the perceived responsibility for message sharing plays a mediating role.

19.
Pharmaceutical Journal ; 306(7950), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2064969
20.
Pharmaceutical Journal ; 306(7950), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2064956
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