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1.
Mayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2031555

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess clinical and immunological benefits of passive immunization using convalescent plasma therapy (CPT) we performed sub-group analyses on a completed randomised control trial (RCT) on CPT in severe COVID-19. Patients: A series of subclass analyses were performed on the previously published outcome data and accompanying clinical metadata from a completed RCT (Clinical Trial Registry of India, No. CTRI/2020/05/025209). Methods: The subclass analyses were performed on the outcome data and accompanying clinical metadata from a completed randomized control trial. Data on the plasma abundance of a large panel of cytokines from the same cohort of patients were also utilised to characterize the heterogeneity of the putative anti-inflammatory function of convalescent plasma (CP) in addition to passively providing neutralizing antibodies. Results: While across all age-groups primary clinical outcomes were not significantly different in the RCT, significant immediate mitigation of hypoxia, reduction in hospital stay as well as significant survival benefit were registered in younger (<67 years in our cohort) severe COVID-19 patients with ARDS on receiving CPT. In addition to neutralizing antibody content of convalescent plasma, its anti-inflammatory proteome on attenuation of systemic cytokine deluge, significantly contributed to the clinical benefits of CPT. Conclusion: The sub-group analyses revealed that clinical benefit of CPT in severe COVID-19 is linked to the anti-inflammatory protein content of CP, apart from the anti-SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody content.

2.
Lung India ; 39(5):422-427, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2030166

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can cause asymptomatic, mild upper respiratory tract symptoms and pneumonia in young persons. How the disease will progress in each patient is still unknown. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the prognostic markers of the development of pneumonia and the clinical characteristics of patients under 65 years with COVID-19 confirmed by a positive reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction test. Methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 271 patients admitted in our unit were included. The patients were divided into two groups, those who did and those who did not develop pneumonia. Their clinical features, treatment protocols, and laboratory parameters were recorded retrospectively. Results: Pneumonia developed in 67.9% (n = 184) of the cases. The age in the pneumonia group was higher than that in the non-pneumonia group (p < 0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, the symptom and co-morbidity status were examined according to the presence of pneumonia;hypertension (HT) (OR: 4525, 95% CL: 1,494-13,708) was the most important risk factor for pneumonia. When age and laboratory values were examined according to the presence of pneumonia, advanced age (OR: 1.042, 95% CL: 1.01-1.073), low albumin (OR: 0.917, 95% CL: 0.854-0.986), and high troponin (OR: 1.291, 95% CL: 1.044-1.596) were identified as risk factors for pneumonia. Conclusion: In this article, HT (22.3%, P < 0.001) has been considered as an important risk factor, whereas association of diabetes mellitus (21.2%, P 0.029) and smoking (25.0%, P 0.038) was also significant. The median age of the group was 51 (41.5-58) in the group developing pneumonia and 41 (30-48) in the non-developing group. Young patients with these predictive factors should be more carefully evaluated by further diagnostic procedures, such as thoracic computed tomography. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Lung India is the property of Wolters Kluwer India Pvt Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

3.
Osmaniye Korkut Ata Universitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitusu Dergisi / Osmaniye Korkut Ata University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences ; 5(2):505-521, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2026790

ABSTRACT

The infection called Covid-19 caused by the new type of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is an epidemic and deadly disease that spreads rapidly worldwide. Early detection of Covid-19 will enable the patient to receive appropriate treatment and increase the chance of survival. This study aims to investigate the detection of poor prognosis from chest CT images in Covid-19 patients who died and healed using deep learning. In this retrospective study which was carried out in collaboration with a specialist radiologist, a dataset was created by evaluating a total of 5997 CT images by the expert. Images belonging to two classes in the dataset were classified using the Inception-v3 deep learning model. In order to evaluate the classifier, ROC curves were drawn, AUC and accuracy values were used as performance metrics. Inception-v3 model was run 10 times, and a maximum classification performance of 97.55% and an average of 97.01% was achieved. The classification results prove that Inception-v3 can classify CT images with a high accuracy rate for evaluating the Covid-19 prognosis.

4.
Journal of Pure & Applied Microbiology ; 16(3):2110-2116, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2026231

ABSTRACT

Like elsewhere around the globe, SARS-CoV-2 infection is spreading in rural Egypt. Due to high sensitivity and specificity, the gold standard of diagnostics is reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction PCR (RT-PCR). Rural areas without access to certified laboratories cannot take advantage of RT-PCR testing, and thus are dependent upon rapid antigen testing, a point-of-care test that requires less training and can produce results within 15 minutes. Rapid antigen testing can give an advantage to medical teams in rural settings by affording effective and early control of SARS-CoV-2 infection spread. We sought to assess the contribution of different COVID-19 testing procedures in rural Egypt. We conducted a prospective cohort study in a rural lab in Giza, Egypt. Approximately 223 individuals with potential SARS-CoV-2 infection were involved in the study during the pandemic peak in Giza, Egypt, from March 4 - May 30, 2021. Subjects were subjected to RT-PCR and rapid antigen testing, and the performance of each testing procedure was compared. Between March 4 - May 30, 2021, approximately 223 symptomatic individuals were included in this study. 190 patients (85.2%) were indicated as PCR positive for SARSCoV-2, while 33 (14.8%) were PCR negative. In comparison, a rapid antigen test showed 178 out of 223 patients (79.8%) were indicated as positive, or 94% of the PCR-positive individuals. In Giza, a rural area of Egypt, RT-PCR had an optimal balance of sensitivity and specificity, however, the turnaround time was a limiting factor. Antigen testing, performed as a rapid point-of-care test, can play an effective role in rural outbreak control due to its ease of use and rapid results. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Pure & Applied Microbiology is the property of Dr. M. N. Khan and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

5.
Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift ; 109(Artikel 11), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2025202

ABSTRACT

We have evaluated the diagnostic performance of immunochromatographic point-of-care tests (POCT) for the detection of rotavirus, coronavirus, Escherichia (E.) coli F5, Cryptosporidium (C.) parvum, Clostridium (Cl.) perfringens and Giardia (G.) intestinalis in fresh and thawed faecal samples from calves aged up to six months with diarrhoea. We performed POCTs to detect rotavirus, coronavirus, E. coli F5, C. parvum, Cl. perfringens and G. intestinalis on fresh samples in a field study and re-evaluated the performance for C. parvum, Cl. perfringens and G. intestinalis using thawed samples. We calculated the performance based on the results of the reference methods, which were RT-qPCR for the detection of rota- and coronavirus and bacteriological culturing and PCR to detect E. coli F5 and Cl. perfringens a and ss2 toxins. C. parvum was detected by phase-contrast microscopy and G. intestinalis by immunofluorescence microscopy. We collected 177 faecal samples from diarrhoeic calves. We found good performance for the POCT targeting rotavirus (sensitivity (SE)=92.9%;specificity (SP)=95.6%) and C. parvum (SE=63.3%;SP=96.2%). For E. coli F5, the number of true positive samples (n=1) was too low to evaluate the performance. The POCT to detect coronavirus gave a poor performance (SE=3.3%;SP=96.6%) and the POCT to detect Cl. perfringens a moderate performance (SE=52.8%;SP=78.2%). G. intestinalis POCT showed a higher sensitivity to immunofluorescence microscopy in thawed than in fresh faecal samples (SE=43.9% versus SE=29.2%). There are substantial differences in diagnostic performance between the commercially available immunochromatographic POCTs. Still, POCT can make a valuable contribution to the diagnosis and prevention of calf diarrhoea.

6.
Frontiers in Cellular & Infection Microbiology ; 12:953027, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022658

ABSTRACT

Quick differentiation of the circulating variants and the emerging recombinant variants of SARS-CoV-2 is essential to monitor their transmission. However, the widely used gene sequencing method is time-consuming and costly when facing the viral recombinant variants, because partial or whole genome sequencing is required. Allele-specific real time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) represents a quick and cost-effective method in SNP genotyping and has been successfully applied for SARS-CoV-2 variant screening. In the present study, we developed a panel of 3 multiplex allele-specific qRT-PCR assays targeting 12 key differential mutations for quick differentiation of SARS-CoV-2 recombinant variants (XD and XE) and Omicron subvariants (BA.1 and BA.2). Two parallel multiplex qRT-PCR reactions were designed to separately target the protype allele and the mutated allele of the four mutations in each allele-specific qRT-PCR assay. The variation of Cp values (DELTACp) between the two multiplex qRT-PCR reactions was applied for mutation determination. The developed multiplex allele-specific qRT-PCR assays exhibited outstanding analytical sensitivities (with limits of detection [LoDs] of 2.97-27.43 copies per reaction), wide linear detection ranges (107-100 copies per reaction), good amplification efficiencies (82% to 95%), good reproducibility (Coefficient of Variations (CVs) < 5% in both intra-assay and inter-assay tests) and clinical performances (99.5%-100% consistency with Sanger sequencing). The developed multiplex allele-specific qRT-PCR assays in this study provide an alternative tool for quick differentiation of SARS-CoV-2 recombinant variants (XD and XE) and Omicron subvariants (BA.1 and BA.2).

7.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2021474

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 mortality rate has not been formally assessed in Nigeria. Thus, we aimed to address this gap and identify associated mortality risk factors during the first and second waves in Nigeria. This was a retrospective analysis of national surveillance data from all 37 States in Nigeria between February 27, 2020, and April 3, 2021. The outcome variable was mortality amongst persons who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by Reverse-Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Incidence rates of COVID-19 mortality was calculated by dividing the number of deaths by total person-time (in days) contributed by the entire study population and presented per 100,000 person-days with 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CI). Adjusted negative binomial regression was used to identify factors associated with COVID-19 mortality. Findings are presented as adjusted Incidence Rate Ratios (aIRR) with 95% CI. The first wave included 65,790 COVID-19 patients, of whom 994 (1.51%) died;the second wave included 91,089 patients, of whom 513 (0.56%) died. The incidence rate of COVID-19 mortality was higher in the first wave [54.25 (95% CI: 50.98-57.73)] than in the second wave [19.19 (17.60-20.93)]. Factors independently associated with increased risk of COVID-19 mortality in both waves were: age =45 years, male gender [first wave aIRR 1.65 (1.35-2.02) and second wave 1.52 (1.11-2.06)], being symptomatic [aIRR 3.17 (2.59-3.89) and 3.04 (2.20-4.21)], and being hospitalised [aIRR 4.19 (3.26-5.39) and 7.84 (4.90-12.54)]. Relative to South-West, residency in the South-South and North-West was associated with an increased risk of COVID-19 mortality in both waves. In conclusion, the rate of COVID-19 mortality in Nigeria was higher in the first wave than in the second wave, suggesting an improvement in public health response and clinical care in the second wave. However, this needs to be interpreted with caution given the inherent limitations of the country's surveillance system during the study.

8.
Urmia Medical Journal ; 32(10):782-792, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2012533

ABSTRACT

Background & Aims: Favipiravir is an antiviral drug that is widely used in patients with Covid-19. The aim of this study was to review the systematic review and meta-analysis studies of Favipiravir in patients with Covid-19. Materials & Methods: An electronic search was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases until December 2021. In addition, other databases were searched. A manual search of studies and other sources was also conducted to find evidence. The Overview Quality Assessment Questionnaire tool was used to evaluate the quality of articles.

9.
Journal of Mahanakorn Veterinary Medicine ; 17(1):123-133, 2022.
Article in Thaï | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2012234

ABSTRACT

A male Munchkin cat was brought to a small animal teaching hospital at Mahanakorn University of Technology. The patient presentation with vomiting, chronic diarrhea, and intermittent fever. From history-taking, the owner previously had a cat that was diagnosed with feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) living in the same house but had isolated in a separate area. Fecal examination revealed bacterial enteritis. Hematology and blood chemistry results shown lymphopenia, hypoalbuminemia, and low serum albumin/globulin ratio (0.3 A: G ratio). Abdominal ultrasound revealed mesenteric lymph node (MLN) enlargement and cholecystitis. Cell cytology from the liver and MLN revealed suppurative inflammation. Reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) was negative for the Feline coronavirus (FCoV) in the blood sample. On the 4th day of treatment, the cat developed pleural and peritoneal effusion. Thoracentesis and abdominocentesis were performed and submitted for analysis. The fluid's results were classified as modified transudate, low A: G ratio (0.3), Rivalta's test (positive), and positive for FCoV by using RT-PCR. On the 8th day of treatment, the cat died from systemic hypotension. Viscous straw yellow-colored fluid and pyogranulomatous lesions at the liver, lung, kidney, and MLN were observed from the necropsy. Histopathology's results shown severe suppurative inflammation in all the above organs. FIP was confirmed by detected FCoV antigen in the cytoplasm of macrophages in the kidney and lung tissue by immunohistochemistry staining.

10.
TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry ; : 116750, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2004555

ABSTRACT

Rapid, highly sensitive, and accurate virus circulation monitoring techniques are critical to limit the spread of the virus and reduce the social and economic burden. Therefore, point-of-use diagnostic devices have played a critical role in addressing the outbreak of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) viruses. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the current techniques developed for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 in various body fluids (e.g., blood, urine, feces, saliva, tears, and semen) and considers the mutations (i.e., Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Omicron). We classify and comprehensively discuss the detection methods depending on the biomarker measured (i.e., surface antigen, antibody, and nucleic acid) and the measurement techniques such as lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP), microarray analysis, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and biosensors. Finally, we addressed the challenges of rapidly identifying emerging variants, detecting the virus in the early stages of infection, the detection sensitivity, selectivity, and specificity, and commented on how these challenges can be overcome in the future.

11.
Chinese Veterinary Science / Zhongguo Shouyi Kexue ; 50(7):825-832, 2020.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1994655

ABSTRACT

In order to establish a method for rapid differential identification of Senecavirus A (SVA) and en-cephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), two pairs of corresponding specific primers were designed based on the highly conserved 3D genes of SVA and EMCV. And two different fluorescent labeled TaqMan probes were used to establish a dual TaqMan real-time PCR method for simultaneous detection of these two viruses, and we also optimize the reaction conditions. The results showed that the minimum detection of the method was 760 copies/ micro L and 98 copies/ micro L for SVA and EMCV. respectively, and it can specifically detect SVA and EMCV, and there was no cross reaction with CSFV, PRRSV and PEDV. The established standard curves showed good linear relationship. Repeated experimental group and inter-group coefficient of variation were less than 5%. The results indicated that the dual-quantitative PCR established in this study has the advantages of convenience, rapidity, good specificity. high sensitivity and good repeatability .and can be used for simultaneous detection of SVA and EMCV.

12.
Chinese Veterinary Science / Zhongguo Shouyi Kexue ; 50(9):1147-1158, 2020.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1994654

ABSTRACT

To understand the genetic diversity of porcine deltacoronavirus(PDCo V) in Guangxi Province, clinical diarrhea samples were collected from suspected piglets in Guangxi Province from2017 to 2019, detected by RT-PCR for PDCoV, and the positive samples were used for amplification and sequence of S, M, N genes. Finally, 16 S, M and N gene sequences of PDCoV were obtained. Homology analysis showed that the S, M, N gene nucleotide identity among Guangxi strains were 95.8% -99.9%, 95.9%-100% and 97.9%-99.9%, respectively. The nucleotide identity of S, M and N genes among Guangxi strains and other reference strains were 95.1%-100%, 95.0%-100%and 96.3%-99.9%, respectively. Sequence alignment showed that S1 protein existed amino acid mutations and insertions, and there were some variations among different epidemic strains. Phylogenetic trees based on S, M and N genes obtained similar topological diagram and all strains could be divided into Group I, Group II and GroupIII, of which Group I came from USA, Japan and Korea, Group II came from China, and Group III came from China, Vietnam, Laos and Thailand. Most strains from Guangxi Province distributed in Group II, individual strain distributed in Group III and some strains formed a single small branch. The evolutionary rates of S, M and N genes of Guangxi strains and other reference strains were 2.57 x 10-4, 2.07 x 10-4, 1.70 x 10-4 substitutions/site/year, respectively, showing that the evolutionary rate of S gene was the fastest. The results indicated that the S, M, N genes of PDCo V strains from Guangxi Province had some variations and existed genetic diversity.

13.
Chinese Veterinary Science / Zhongguo Shouyi Kexue ; 50(5):556-562, 2020.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1994650

ABSTRACT

In order to establish an efficient, sensitive and specific semi-nest RT-PCR method for the detection of Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), three specific primers were designed according to the N gene published by GenBank, the reaction system was established and optimized, and specificity and sensitivity were detected. The results showed that the method could successfully amplify the bands of 483 bp and 338 bp, and had good specificity to TGEV, there is no cross reaction with PEDV, PRov, PBov and PDCov, and the lowest sensitivity was 1.86 x 10-1 pg/L. The semi-nest RT-PCR shown the positive rate was 36% in 50 samples of pig diarrhea, which was higher than that of common RT-PCR, and then the positive samples coincidence rate was 100%. This semi-nest RT-PCR method has high sensitivity and specificity, and can accurately diagnose TGEV infection, which provides an effective method for clinical detection and epidemiological investigation of TGEV.

14.
Acta Veterinaria et Zootechnica Sinica ; 53(5):1587-1597, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1994513

ABSTRACT

HEK293 cells were used as the cell model to investigate the role of human aminopeptidase N (hAPN) in the invasion of porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) into human cells. The proliferation of PDCoV on HEK293 cells was firstly identified by RT-qPCR/RT-PCR. And then, hAPN knockout cell line was constructed by CRISPR/Cas9 technology and cell viability of HEK293 hAPN knockout and wild-type cells was verified by CCK-8 assay. Effect of hAPN knockout and overexpression on PDCoV replication was detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Meanwhile, interaction of PDCoV S protein and hAPN protein was analyzed by homology modeling and molecular docking. Results showed that PDCoV virus copies rapidly increased at 12-36 h and reached peak level at 36 h, it could propagate at least for passage 2 on HEK293 cells. There was no significant difference in cell viability between hAPN knockout cells and wild-type cells. Knockout of hAPN inhibit PDCoV replication and overexpression of hAPN enhance PDCoV replication. Homology modeling and molecular docking analysis showed S1 protein could bind hAPN domain II. Residues TYR92, THR51, THR48, PHE16 and MET14of S1 protein receptor binding motif 1 (RBM1) can form hydrogen bonds with residues PHE490, GLN531, ARG528 and SER529 of hAPN. This study indicates that hAPN plays a critical role in HEK293 cells during PDCoV infection, which provides new theoretical evidence for further studies on the mechanism of PDCoV entry into host cells and cross-species transmission.

15.
Van Medical Journal ; 29(2):141-148, 2022.
Article in English, Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1994395

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Abnormal laboratory parameters can be detected in severe patients with COVID-19, which are associated with adverse outcomes. Increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is usually associated with tissue damage. Cardiovascular disease is a common comorbidity in COVID-19 disease. In the current report, the objective was to examine the relationship between LDH levels and atrial fibrillation (AF) in COVID-19 patients. Materials and Methods: This investigation involved a retrospective and cross-sectional study. A total of 195 consecutive COVID-19 [45 AF (+) and 150 AF (-)] subjects were enrolled in the study. COVID-19 cases were determined from analysis of an oropharyngeal/nasopharyngeal swab using RT-PCR. LDH, procalcitonin, and D-dimer were recorded from the hospital records.

16.
International Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; : 1-7, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1993125

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is still rapidly spreading as of March 2022. An accurate and rapid molecular diagnosis is essential to determine the exact number of confirmed cases. Currently, the viral transport medium (VTM) required for testing is in short supply due to a sharp increase in the laboratory tests performed, and alternative VTMs are needed to alleviate the shortage. Guanidine thiocyanate-based media reportedly inactivate SARS-CoV-2 and are compatible with quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) assays, but the compatibility and the viral detection capacity have not been fully validated. To evaluate the guanidine thiocyanate-based Gene Transport Medium (GeneTM) as an alternative VTM, we prepared 39 SARS-CoV-2-positive and 7 SARS-CoV-2-negative samples in GeneTM, eNAT™, and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). The cycle threshold (Ct) values of three SARS-CoV-2 targets (the S, RdRP, and N genes) were analyzed using RT-qPCR testing. The comparison of Ct values from the positive samples showed a high correlation (R2= 0.95–0.96) between GeneTM and eNAT™, indicating a comparable viral detection capacity. The delta Ct values of the SARS-CoV-2 genes in each transport medium were maintained for 14 days at cold (4°C) or room (25°C) temperatures, suggesting viral samples were stably preserved in the transport media for 14 days. Together, GeneTM is a potential alternative VTM with comparable RT-qPCR performance and stability to those of standard media. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of International Journal of Analytical Chemistry is the property of Hindawi Limited and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

17.
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 13(8):1-7, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1987424

ABSTRACT

Background: The unprecedented outbreak of a contagious respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus has led to a pandemic since December 2019, claiming millions of lives. Aims and Objectives: The present study was undertaken to estimate the various risk factors associated with COVID, to study the common presenting symptoms and prognosis, and to estimate the degree of association between computed tomography (CT) value in reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with mode of disease transmission in north coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study comprising of 1462 COVID-positive individuals. It is based on structured questionnaire on demographic, socioeconomic and symptoms, and correlation of clinical pattern with CT value in RT-PCR and further prognosis. Results: Diabetes (6.7%), hypertension (7.5%), and bronchial asthma (8.6%) are the main comorbid conditions. Middle (44.6%) and low socioeconomic status (47.3%) are more susceptible. Male gender (63.5%) is more affected, especially 16–30 years age group (32.4%). Vaccination offers considerable protection from infection. Contact (59.4%) with known case and travel (31%) are main factors that determine disease transmission. Blood group may not play a role in COVID susceptibility. Health care workers (22.9%) and students (16.2%) are mostly affected. Conclusion: Bronchial asthma, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus are the predominant risk factors associated with COVID. Transmission of the disease is more by virtue of contact with the infected person than by travel. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Asian Journal of Medical Sciences is the property of Manipal Colleges of Medical Sciences and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

18.
Medical Science ; 26(124):9, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1980054

ABSTRACT

Context: The currently on-going COVID-19 pandemic resulted in the abnormal lung parenchymal changes which can also alter pulmonary vascular hemodynamics. Aims: This study was aimed to assess CT derived pulmonary vascular indices in COVID-19 patients in different groups based on the extent of pneumonia using CT severity score. Settings and design: Retrospective study at COVID-19 care centre in central India. Methods and material: 'this study included 78 institutionalized patients who were confirmed COVID-19 positive status. All patients were assessed based on demographic data, CT severity score;CT derived pulmonary vascular indices such as main pulmonary artery diameter and the pulmonary artery to aorta ratio (PA/AO). Changes in these pulmonary vascular indices were determined in each mild, moderate and severe group of pneumonia. Results: Out of 78 patients, 25.6% patients belonged to mild group, 28.2% belonged to moderate group and 21.8% belonged to severe group. 70.5% of all patients were males and 29.5% were females. 11% males and 17.4% females showed increased pulmonary artery above normal limits. 4 males and 4 females with increased pulmonary artery diameter belonged to severe group of COVID 19 pneumonia while 8 out of 10 patients with increased PA/AO belonged to severe group of pneumonia extent. Conclusions: In this study, patients with pulmonary artery enlargement and increased PA/AO (PA/AO) were predominantly found to belong to severe group of COVID-19 pneumonia, a finding requiring further investigation which will help to predict pulmonary hypertension in COVID-19 patients which has an unfavourable outcome.

19.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; 33(6):471-476, 2021.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1975562

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of a family and workplace clustering of COVID-19, identify the source of infection and the transmission chain, and provide evidence for prevention and control of COVID-19 pandemic. Method: Field epidemiological method was used to conduct the investigation of confirmed cases and close contacts in this cluster. Data were analyzed with descriptive method. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) was used to detect the novel coronavirus nucleic acid in the collected respiratory tract samples.

20.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; 36(2):155-159, 2020.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1975405

ABSTRACT

In January 2020, Guangdong Province, China imported several suspected cases with SARS-CoV-2 from Wuhan City, Hubei Province. China, which were detected as SARS-CoV-2 positive in laboratory. To further understand the SARS-CoV-2 virulence, as well as drug development and epidemic prevention and control needs, we established a SARS-CoV-2 isolation procedure. Vero-E6 cells were infected with the positive bronchoalveolar-lavage sample. The cells were monitored daily for cytopathic effects using light microscopy. The presence of viral nucleic acid in the supernatant was detected by RT-PCR. RNA extracted from culture supernatants were used as a template to clone and sequence the genome. We used Illumina sequencing to characterize the virus genome and results showed that the isolated virus was SARS-CoV-2.

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