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1.
Anestezi Dergisi ; 30(2):112-119, 2022.
Article in Turkish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1885092

ABSTRACT

Objective: Mortality and complication rates are increasing in emergency and delayed cancer surgeries during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, curing can be provided when colorectal cancer surgery is performed without delay. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the results in patients who underwent colorectal cancer surgery after having COVID-19 infection during the pandemic process. Methods: Data on patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery after or without COVID-19 infection were recorded from the hospital’s electronic database and file records. It was investigated whether there was a difference in 30-day complication and mortality rates in patients with COVID-19 infection. Results: Of the 77 patients between the ages of 20 and 85 who underwent colorectal cancer surgery, 34 were female, 43 were male. Thirty six of the patients who were infected with the COVID-19 (Group-C), 41 of the patients had undergone surgery without infection (Group-N). There was no difference between the groups in terms of lenght of stay in Hospital and Intensive Care Unit. The 30-day mortality rate in Group-C was 11.1%. The 30-day complication rate in Group-C was significantly higher than in Group-N (p=0.048). The most common complication in Group-C was acute kidney injury (11.1%). Being infected with COVID-19 virus within 7 weeks before the operation had no effect on postoperative results. Conclusion: While the surgical procedure is optimized to prevent complications in patients with COVID-19, delaying surgery can lead to local-remote metastases due to waiting and losing the possibility of operation. Decisions should be made according to the patient’s status and planning should be made according to the risk-gain balance.

2.
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association ; 72(6):1166-1174, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1885004

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 infection has emerged as an unparalleled pandemic with morbidity and mortality tolls challenging diagnostic approaches and therapeutic interventions, and raising serious questions for healthcare policymakers. From the diagnostic perspective, Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction remains the gold standard. However, issues associated with gene primer variation in different countries, low analytical sensitivity, cross-reactivity with certain human coronaviruses have raised serious concerns within the scientific community. Alongside longer turnaround times, requirements of sophisticated equipment and trained technicians are the other challenges for conventional reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction testing. The recent biotechnological boom has now allowed newer nucleic acid testing options for diagnosing severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronovairus 2 (SARS-CoV2) with much better diagnostic efficiency, reduced turnaround times and possible benefit for use as a point-of-care test. Isothermal techniques with simple equipment requirements along with uniform temperature for analysis have emerged to be more sensitive and specific with turnaround times as low as 10-15 minutes. Similarly, Cluster Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats have also been seen to play a very decisive role in COVID-19 diagnostics with much superior diagnostic efficiency and feasibility as a point-of-care test and its possible use for sequencing. The current narrative review was planned to consolidate data for all possible nucleic acid testing options under research/clinical use, and to provide a comparative assessment from the perspective of both the clinician and the laboratory.

3.
Immunologiya ; 43(2):217-223, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1884972

ABSTRACT

This review provides information about the role of the immune system in the development of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children ( MIS - C ) associated with a new coronavirus infection ( COVID -19). The main clinical criteria for establishing the diagnosis are presented, the clinical picture and characteristics of biomarkers in MIS - C are described.. The main reason for the development of multisystem inflammatory syndrome, most researchers consider the activation of theimmune system with the development of a hyperergic inflammatory reaction. At the same time, the heterogeneity of MIS-C underlies various hypotheses of its development. The role of predisposing factors in the development of various variants of the immune response in MIS-C remains to be established, research is ongoing.

4.
Heart, Vessels and Transplantation ; 6(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1884919
5.
Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility ; 24(12):124-131, 2022.
Article in Persian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1884880

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 epidemic has severely affected the life of people around the world. Periods of stress and psychological distress caused by this pandemic can affect a woman's menstrual cycle. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on women's reproductive health. This narrative review was performed with aim to evaluate the effect of coronavirus on different aspects of each part of this axis and its relationship with women's health considering hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Methods: In this narrative review study, the databases of Pubmed, Scopus, and Embase were searched using the keywords of "Female Reproductive System", "Hypothalamus", "Pituitary" and "Ovary" with the keywords of "COVID-19" and "SARS-COV-2" with a time limit from 2020 onwards. Then, the studies were summarized conceptually and the findings were categorized and interpreted in terms of the effect of coronavirus on the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and ovary. Results: The potential neuronal invasion by the coronavirus could had led to its direct effect from the beginning to the end of this axis. Although more studies have examined the effect of COVID-19 on the regulation of sex hormones in women with COVID-19, most studies on the hypothalamic and pituitary axis have been based on genetic simulations. Conclusion: Coronavirus can have a wide impact on all organs involved in the female reproductive system. Over time, our understanding of the possible effects of this disease on female fertility will increase.

6.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research ; 12(12):6214-6220, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1884765

ABSTRACT

In recent years, it has been reported that many herbal plants contain antiviral agents which combat a human disease that is caused by pathogenic viruses. The natural products which are obtained from plants as antiviral agents against viruses have gone through researches to check the efficacy and potentials of the herbal products in the prevention of viral disorders. On the basis of randomized controlled studies and in-vivo studies, and in-vitro studies, some agents are utilized all across the globe. Progressively numerous studies on therapy of antivirals have been increased. Though, efficacy remains disputable for antiviral drugs that are employed for viral disorders. The viral diseases are challenging for the health of people around the world cause significant increase in mortality and enhance crises. There are many synthetic antiviral drugs that have a large number of side effects and have narrow therapeutic window range, while in the other hand herbal formulations have minimized side effects. The advantages of herbal formulation over synthetic drugs encourage us to devise and expand new herbal moieties against the emerging viral infections. The medicinal plants contain phytochemicals that have antiviral properties. In this paper, the activity of antiviral agents from medicinal plants which have importance in Ayurveda, are discussed along with their source.

7.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; 53(11):3557-3563, 2022.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1884661

ABSTRACT

Shufeng Jiedu Capsules are composed of eight traditional Chinese medicines, including Huzhang (Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma et Radix), Lianqiao (Forsythiae Fructus), Baijiangcao (Herba Patriniae), Chaihu (Bupleuri Radix), etc. Shufeng Jiedu Capsules has exactly effects such as dispelling wind and clearing heat, removing toxin and relieving sore-throat, which had been used in treatment of respiratory infectious diseases with symptom like fever, intolerating wind in clinic for a long time. Shufeng Jiedu Capsules are the recommended drugs for the "Influenza Diagnosis and Treatment Plan" (2020 version)issued by National Health Commission and "Diagnosis and Treatment of Pneumonia in COVID-19"(version 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9). Pharmacological mechanism and clinical application of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules weresummarized in this paper, in order to summarize characteristic and the post-marketing research path of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules, and provide ideas for more post-marketing traditional Chinese medicine products.

8.
Farmacia Hospitalaria ; 46(3):166-172, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1884660

ABSTRACT

Objective: One year after the declaration of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, only dexamethasone has clearly shown a reduction in mortality for COVID-19 hospitalized patients. For interleukin-6 inhibitors, results are variable and unclear. The objective was to review and analyze the effect of tocilizumab and sarilumab on survival in this setting. Method: The PRISMA statements were fulfilled for the systematic review. A systematic search in Medline, Embase and medRxiv was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials with tocilizumab or sarilumab in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Mortality data from non-critical and critical patients were extracted. A random-effects (DerSimonian-Laird) meta-analysis was performed for both subgroups and the whole population using MAVIS software v. 1.1.3. Similarity and homogeneity among trials were assessed. Results: Twenty- five and 23 articles were identified in Medline and Embase, respectively, five were trials with tocilizumab and/or sarilumab;two more were identified at medRxiv. Seven randomized clinical trials fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Another trial was pre-published and included post-hoc. The meta-analysis, with eight randomized clinical trials and 6,340 patients, showed a benefit on mortality for interleukin-6 inhibitor (hazard ratio 0.85;confidence interval 95% 0.74-0.99), low heterogeneity (I-2 = 7%), but a low similarity among studies. The results showed no differences among critical and non- critical patients. A sensitivity analysis excluding non-similar or heterogeneous studies showed different results, without benefit and with low precision of the result in non- critical patients. Conclusions: A benefit in mortality for interleukine- 6 inhibitors was found, but with important differences among the scenarios analyzed in the clinical trials. Positive results are mainly caused by two randomized clinical trials which are similar in concomitant use of steroids and veryhigh mortality in critical patents. Sarilumab was poorly represented in the meta-analysis. Nevertheless, an association between the benefit and the critical/non-critical condition was not found. More randomized clinical trials, mainly focused in patients at high mortality risk, are needed to confirm the benefit of interleukine-6 inhibitors for COVID-19. Sarilumab was underrepresented in the meta-analysis.

9.
Reumatologia ; 60(2):153-160, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1884603

ABSTRACT

Background: Occipital pressure sores (OPS) are complications of the use of cervical collars. Prophylaxis of OPS in patients after cervical spinal surgery (CCS) appears to be neglected. Material and methods: Cochrane Central, EMBASE, PubMed, SCOPUS, and Web of Science databases were searched for studies on OPS after CCS. Results: We present the case of a patient with rheumatic arthritis who was secured with a hard collar after revision CCS and was not seen by a health professional due to the COVID-19 outbreak. The result was an OPS leading to deep tissue infection. The patient required a prolonged hospital stay and long-term antibiotic therapy. We found a lack of literature on OPS prevention in patients after CCS. Conclusions: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis using collars after CCS are at risk of OPS. Protocols of prevention of OPS should be reviewed with respect to challenges resulting from epidemiological restrictions and accessibility of telemedical technologies.

10.
Reumatologia ; 60(2):142-147, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1884601

ABSTRACT

Since the 1990s, polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) has been reported as a possible adverse event following immunization (AEFI). The aim of this narrative review is to provide an overview of PMR (and PMR-like syndromes) following the most common types of COVID-19 vaccines, namely mRNA (tozinameran and mRNA-1273) and adenovirus-vectored (ChAdOx1-S) vaccines. To date, published literature reports few cases of PMR as vaccine-linked AEFI. Yet Vigibase, the WHO pharmacovigilance database, reports a few hundred cases. Based on these data, we address the question whether PMR/PMR-like syndromes following COVID-19 vaccines can be a true adverse or a coincidental event, and discuss its possible pathogenetic mechanisms.

11.
Revista Ciencias Administrativas ; 28:13, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1884592

ABSTRACT

Due to the pandemic scenario caused by the new coronavirus (covid-19), this article aims to present an overview of academic research in the area of Administration that addresses the perspectives of self-directed and transformative learning in virtual learning environments, to assist teachers in understanding the learning processes of their students, in addition to the consolidation and encouragement of studies in this theme. It is qualitative research and organized from the theoretical-conceptual realization of a systematic literature review. It is noteworthy that the 15 articles found in the databases used are from the last 10 years, detailing the authorship and places of publication, besides exposing the specific themes addressed in each paper and the methodological paths. Thus, the results indicate few existing studies that deal with the subject, in addition to a reduced concentration of authors that circulate in the national academic production. This reveals the need to renew the capacity to diversify studies and involve more researchers. Thus, it is concluded that an awakening of researchers to educational engagement is essential, with the challenges of the administrator's training regarding the new teaching formats faced and accentuated by the pandemic, to result in learnings capable of greater self-direction of students and provide transformations in their perspectives of meaning.

12.
Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin ; 47(1):3-8, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1883887

ABSTRACT

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-COV-2) is shaking the world heavily. SARS-COV-2 (COVID-19) infection has a wide variety of presentations as it affects almost every system of body. Gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary symptoms are frequently overlooked especially in children. Objectives: The purpose of this review was to discuss the gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary presentations of COVID-19 in children and compare with non-gastrointestinal presentations. Methods: This study was a narrative review. Recent available literature was searched by keywords. The most recent information from relevant articles were collected and reviewed. This write up was compiled after the review of articles from the last one and half year. Results: About 50.0% symptomatic children with COVID-19 had gastrointestinal manifestations. COVID-19 with gastrointestinal symptoms had delayed diagnosis, delayed hospitalization and worse outcome in compare with Covid-19 with non-gastrointestinal symptoms. Conclusion: Vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, anorexia, nausea are common gastrointestinal manifestations in children with COVID-19. Elevated transaminasemia is not uncommon.

13.
Current Traditional Medicine ; 8(1):48-54, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1883809

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 virus has become the most threatening infectious disease all over the world. From the beginning of the pandemic till today, a large number of researches have been conducted and are still going on to develop appropriate therapeutics that can prevent and cure this viral infection successfully. But unfortunately, modern western medicine could not find any effective drug that has no toxic effects on the host cell. TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) has shown promising effects against COVID-19. The TCM contains naturally occurring herbal decoctions, which have shown promising blocking of viral progression in the host cell. The ayurvedic formulations containing homeopathic medicine, unani medicine and yoga altogether can counteract the virus. However, the traditional medicine system is unable to cure properly, but it can be a possible prevention strategy to stop this virus’ pandemicity. This review focuses on how ayurvedic medicines, homeopathic treatment strategies and yoga can impact on preventing viral infection.

14.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(6)2022 Jun 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1884436

ABSTRACT

Despite the apparent relationship between past experiences and subsequent vaccination decisions, the role of traumatic events has been overlooked when understanding vaccination intention and behaviour. We conducted a systematic review to synthesize what is known about the relationship between traumatic events and subsequent vaccination decisions. MEDLINE, PsycINFO and CINHAL electronic databases were searched, and 1551 articles were screened for eligibility. Of the 52 articles included in full-text assessment, five met the eligibility criteria. Findings suggest that the experience of trauma is associated with individual vaccination decisions. Social and practical factors related to both trauma and vaccination may mediate this relationship. As this is a relatively new field of inquiry, future research may help to clarify the nuances of the relationship. This review finds that the experience of psychological trauma is associated with vaccination intention and behaviour and points to the potential importance of a trauma-informed approach to vaccination interventions during the current global effort to achieve high COVID-19 vaccine coverage.

15.
Pharmacy (Basel) ; 10(3)2022 Jun 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1884310

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic led to many colleges of pharmacy having to make major changes relating to their infrastructure and delivery of their curriculum within a very short time frame, including the transition of many components to an online setting. This scoping review sought to summarize what is known about the impact of COVID-19 on pharmacy education and the effectiveness of adaptation strategies which were put in place. PubMed, Web of Science, OVID Medline, and MedEdPortal were searched to identify pharmacy education-related articles published since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. For article inclusion, the following criteria had to be met: described original research, related directly to PharmD or PharmBS education, related to the impact of COVID-19 on pharmacy education, and was available in English. Out of a total of 813 articles, 50 primary research articles were selected for inclusion. Our review of these identified four domains relating to the impact of COVID-19 on pharmacy education and/or effectiveness of adaptation strategies: (1) lab-based courses and activities (including interprofessional education activities), (2) experiential education, (3) didactic education, and (4) student well-being. The key research findings are summarized and discussed. While the COVID-19 pandemic has clearly brought many challenges to pharmacy education, it has also led to key improvements and innovations.

16.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(12)2022 Jun 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1884192

ABSTRACT

Government-level ESG (environmental, social, and governance) institutionalization and active ESG activation in the private sector are being discussed for the first time this year in Korea, spurred by increased national interest since the COVID-19 pandemic crisis and the declaration of a carbon-neutral society by 2050, and ESG discussion in many fields is spreading rapidly. In addition, global awareness of the crisis caused by environmental pollution and natural disasters has highlighted the importance of green infrastructure (GI) as a new conceptual alternative to improve public value. Based on sustainability, which is a common goal of ESG and green infrastructure, this study aimed to examine the research targets and techniques of green infrastructure from the perspective of ESG. This study selected and analyzed 98 domestic and international academic journal papers published over the past 10 years in the Web of Science academic journal database literature collection. Focusing on the research subjects, the focus on green infrastructure, and research keywords, we examined the aspects of the green infrastructure plan that have been focused on from the ESG perspective and compared domestic and international research trends. In addition, implications for how each research topic is connected to the concept of ESG according to its function and purpose were derived. By examining the domestic and international research trends of green infrastructure from the ESG perspective, we identified the need for a wider range of research on the diversity and relationship between humans and the ecological environment; policies and systems; and technical research that does not focus only on a specific field. In this regard, we intend to increase the contribution to ESG management in the public sector through the establishment of green infrastructure plans and policies in the future, as they account for a large portion of public capital.

17.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(11)2022 Jun 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1884136

ABSTRACT

We aimed to review the data available to evaluate the long-term consequences of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at 6 months and above. We searched relevant observational cohort studies up to 9 February 2022 in Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science. Random-effects inverse-variance models were used to evaluate the Pooled Prevalence (PP) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) of long-term consequences. The Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scale was used to assess the quality of the included cohort studies. A total of 40 studies involving 10,945 cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection were included. Of the patients, 63.87% had at least one consequence at the 6 month follow-up, which decreased to 58.89% at 12 months. The most common symptoms were fatigue or muscle weakness (PP 6-12 m = 54.21%, PP ≥ 12 m = 34.22%) and mild dyspnea (Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale, mMRC = 0, PP 6-12 m = 74.60%, PP ≥ 12 m = 80.64%). Abnormal computerized tomography (CT; PP 6-12 m = 55.68%, PP ≥ 12 m = 43.76%) and lung diffuse function impairment, i.e., a carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) of < 80% were common (PP 6-12 m = 49.10%, PP ≥ 12 m = 31.80%). Anxiety and depression (PP 6-12 m = 33.49%, PP ≥ 12 m = 35.40%) and pain or discomfort (PP 6-12 m = 33.26%, PP ≥ 12 m = 35.31%) were the most common problems that affected patients' quality of life. Our findings suggest a significant long-term impact on health and quality of life due to COVID-19, and as waves of ASRS-CoV-2 infections emerge, the long-term effects of COVID-19 will not only increase the difficulty of care for COVID-19 survivors and the setting of public health policy but also might lead to another public health crisis following the current pandemic, which would also increase the global long-term burden of disease.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Humans , Pandemics , Quality of Life , SARS-CoV-2
18.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 8(6): e37479, 2022 06 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1883841

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus disease COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 threatens to disrupt global progress toward HIV epidemic control. Opportunities exist to leverage ongoing public health responses to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on HIV services, and novel approaches to care provision might help address both epidemics. OBJECTIVE: As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, novel approaches to maintain comprehensive HIV prevention service delivery are needed. The aim of this study was to summarize the related literature to highlight adaptations that could address potential COVID-19-related service interruptions. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and searched six databases, OVID/Medline, Scopus, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Embase, for studies published between January 1, 2010, and October 26, 2021, related to recent technology-based interventions for virtual service delivery. Search terms included "telemedicine," "telehealth," "mobile health," "eHealth," "mHealth," "telecommunication," "social media," "mobile device," and "internet," among others. Of the 6685 abstracts identified, 1259 focused on HIV virtual service delivery, 120 of which were relevant for HIV prevention efforts; 48 pertained to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and 19 of these focused on evaluations of interventions for the virtual service delivery of PrEP. Of the 16 systematic reviews identified, three were specific to PrEP. All 35 papers were reviewed for outcomes of efficacy, feasibility, and/or acceptability. Limitations included heterogeneity of the studies' methodological approaches and outcomes; thus, a meta-analysis was not performed. We considered the evidence-based interventions found in our review and developed a virtual service delivery model for HIV prevention interventions. We also considered how this platform could be leveraged for COVID-19 prevention and care. RESULTS: We summarize 19 studies of virtual service delivery of PrEP and 16 relevant reviews. Examples of technology-based interventions that were effective, feasible, and/or acceptable for PrEP service delivery include: use of SMS, internet, and smartphone apps such as iText (50% [95% CI 16%-71%] reduction in discontinuation of PrEP) and PrEPmate (OR 2.62, 95% CI 1.24-5.5.4); telehealth and eHealth platforms for virtual visits such as PrEPTECH and IowaTelePrEP; and platforms for training of health care workers such as Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO). We suggest a virtual service delivery model for PrEP that can be leveraged for COVID-19 using the internet and social media for demand creation, community-based self-testing, telehealth platforms for risk assessment and follow-up, applications for support groups and adherence/appointment reminders, and applications for monitoring. CONCLUSIONS: Innovations in the virtual service provision of PrEP occurred before COVID-19 but have new relevance during the COVID-19 pandemic. The innovations we describe might strengthen HIV prevention service delivery during the COVID-19 pandemic and in the long run by engaging traditionally hard-to-reach populations, reducing stigma, and creating a more accessible health care platform. These virtual service delivery platforms can mitigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV services, which can be leveraged to facilitate COVID-19 pandemic control now and for future responses.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , Public Health , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Gac Sanit ; 36(2): 160-165, 2022.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1882014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific epidemiologic evidence on the role of hospitality venues in the incidence or mortality from COVID-19. METHOD: We included studies conducted in any population, describing either the impact of the closure or reopening of hospitality venues, or exposure to these venues, on the incidence or mortality from COVID-19. We used a snowball sampling approach with backward and forward citation search along with co-citations. RESULTS: We found 20 articles examining the role of hospitality venues in the epidemiology of COVID-19. Modeling studies showed that interventions reducing social contacts in indoor venues can reduce COVID-19 transmission. Studies using statistical models showed similar results, including that the closure of hospitality venues is amongst the most effective measures in reducing incidence or mortality. Case studies highlighted the role of hospitality venues in generating super-spreading events, along with the importance of airflow and ventilation inside these venues. CONCLUSIONS: We found consistent results across studies showing that the closure of hospitality venues is amongst the most effective measures to reduce the impact of COVID-19. We also found support for measures limiting capacity and improving ventilation to consider during the re-opening of these venues.


Subject(s)
Air Pollution, Indoor , COVID-19 , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Air Pollution, Indoor/analysis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Restaurants
20.
Australasian Journal of Dermatology ; 63(SUPPL 1):58, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1883176

ABSTRACT

Aims: Australian medical students have historically had limited dedicated clinical education in dermatology. Recently, the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in additional barriers to face-to-face clinical education. With the increasing usage of social media and web-based resources, Free Online Open Access Medical Education (FOAMeD) has emerged as a popular educational paradigm. The FOAMed movement promotes accessible, collaborative and contemporaneous clinical education, knowledge-sharing and communication in medicine. In this review, we explore the platforms, content and delivery modalities available in dermatology FOAMed for medical students. Methods: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Scopus and Social media platforms were searched with the following search terms: ?FOAMed?, ?FOAM? AND/OR ?Dermatology?, ?Skin disease?, ?Dermatological?, ?Dermatology education? AND/OR ?medical education?, ?medical student? to identify potential dermatology FOAMed resources for medical students. Additional FOAMed resources were identified through university and institution student resource lists, word of mouth and ancestry searching of identified FOAMed resources. Dermatology FOAMed resources were categorised according to platform, content media and delivery. Specific examples of dermatology FOAMed are discussed. Results: Dermatology FOAMed platforms identified could be grouped into six categories: social networking, media sharing networks, digital libraries, community blogs, blog comments and forums, and microblogging. Content media could be broadly classified into textual, visual, audio and combination delivery. Delivery of dermatology FOAMed encompassed (use a list/bullet point here): podcasts, videos, vodcasts, digital libraries, educational images, blog articles, memes, infographics, livestreams, host discussions, webinars, reels and games. Specific examples of dermatology FOAMed are discussed including (use another list here) the SpotDiagnosis (podcast), UE Open.Ed (video sharing network), @DocScribbles (Twitter), Sydney University Dermatology Society-SUDS (Facebook community group) and DontForgetTheBubbles (community blog). Conclusions: Dermatology FOAMed for medical students are widely available through multiple modalities. Learner satisfaction and clinical education outcomes are subject to further research.

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