Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 40
Filter
1.
European Journal of Developmental Psychology ; : 1-19, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1890680

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to explore links between social withdrawal subtypes and internalizing problems among children during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants were N = 748 children (387 girls) aged 7–11 years (M = 8.91, SD = 1.07) attending primary schools in Italy. Children completed an online questionnaire assessing subtypes of social withdrawal (i.e., shyness, social avoidance, unsociability) and indices of internalizing problems (i.e., social anxiety, loneliness, depression). Among the results, shyness was positively associated with social anxiety, depression, and loneliness. Unsociability was related to depression but not to social anxiety and loneliness. Social avoidance was positively related to loneliness and depression (particularly among older children) and negatively associated with social anxiety (particularly among boys). Results are also discussed in terms of the implications of the different subtypes of social withdrawal in late childhood and early adolescence. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of European Journal of Developmental Psychology is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

2.
Heliyon ; 8(6): e09727, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1885805

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 restrictive measures have had a considerable impact on daily life routines, which may be especially challenging for families of children with autism. In pre-schoolers with autism, it is likely that the disruption of routines mainly impacts the presence of restrictive and repetitive behaviours (RRBs). Furthermore, influence of comorbid conditions, secondary behavioural difficulties and home environment characteristics on RRBs was explored. Method: A cross-sectional online survey design was used to collect parent-report data on 254 children with autism (2.5-6 years) during lockdown in the early months of the pandemic. RRBs were assessed using the Repetitive Behaviour Scale-Revised (RBS-R). Results: Parents reported a significant increase in stereotypic, self-injurious, compulsive and ritualistic behaviour, and restricted interests after implementation of COVID-19 restrictions. The presence of a co-occurring condition, such as language impairments or intellectual disability, was associated with more self-injurious and stereotypic behaviour. However, there was no effect of home environment on RRBs. Further, most children showed increases in internalising and/or externalising behaviour. Increased inattentive behaviour was associated with more ritualistic and stereotypic behaviour, and restricted interests. Decreases in hyperactivity were related to more restricted interests. Importantly, in a subset of children, parents reported less behavioural difficulties during the lockdown. Conclusions: Findings highlight the importance of flexible implementation and continuity of care for pre-schoolers with autism and support for parents. Further follow-up of children with autism and RRBs, and co-occurring behavioural difficulties is needed and could enhance our understanding of the long-term effects associated with sudden restrictive measures to daily routines.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; 43(3):341-344, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1856431

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the online learning-related screen use duration and screen types in school-aged children in Shanghai during the COVID-19 epidemic.

4.
BMJ Open ; 12(4), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1848668

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the prevalence and associated factors of overweight and obesity among primary school children (6–11 years old) in Thanhhoa city in 2021.DesignCross-sectional study.SettingSeven primary schools in Thanhhoa city, Vietnam.Participants782 children (and their parents).Primary and secondary outcome measuresTwo-stage cluster random sampling was used for selecting children and data were collected from January to February 2021. A self-administrated questionnaire was designed for children and their parents. Children’s height and weight were measured and body mass index (BMI)-for-age z-scores were computed using the WHO Anthro software V.1.0.4. Data were analysed using R software V.4.1.2. The associations between potential factors and childhood overweight/obesity were analysed through univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Variables were selected using the Bayesian Model Averaging method.ResultsThe prevalence of overweight/obesity among primary school children in Thanhhoa city was 35.93% (overweight 21.61% and obesity 14.32%). The proportion of overweight girls was nearly equal to that of boys (20.78% and 22.52%, respectively, p=0.6152) while the proportion of boys with obesity was four times as many as that of girls (23.86% and 5.62%, respectively, p<0.0001). Child’s sex was the factor significantly associated with childhood overweight/obesity. Boys had double the risk of being overweight/obese than girls (adjusted OR: aOR=2.48, p<0.0001). Other potential factors which may be associated with childhood overweight/obesity included mode of transport to school, the people living with the child, mother’s occupation, father’s education, eating confectionery, the total time of doing sports, and sedentary activities.ConclusionOne in every three primary school children in Thanhhoa city were either overweight or obese. Parents, teachers and policy-makers can implement interventions in the aforementioned factors to reduce the rate of childhood obesity. In forthcoming years, longitudinal studies should be conducted to determine the causal relationships between potential factors and childhood overweight/obesity.

5.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(5):3852-3861, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1812984

ABSTRACT

Oral health problems in children aged 5-9 years in Indonesia are high, it's about 28.9% (Riskesdas, 2018). One of the prevention efforts is the oral health promotion. During the Covid-19 Pandemic, oral health promotion was still carried out by implementing health protocols, avoiding direct contact, and using online communication media. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of dental health telepromotion with animated video media on the knowledge and skills of teethbrushing among elementary school children. The method used in this research is Research and Development, with the intention of developing animated videos for learning media. The population in this study were children of elementary school age in RT 05 RW 06 Padangsari Banyumanik Semarang totaling 30 children. The results of this study indicate that the level of knowledge of respondents before treatment is mostly in the poor category (57%), and after treatment, all respondents (100%) have a good level of knowledge. Before the skill treatment, most of the respondents (63%), included in the category of less skilled, but after the treatment, all respondents (100%) became skilled. There is a difference in knowledge about teethbrushing before and after giving animated videos, with pValue = 0.000, with an increase in the number of respondents who have good knowledge by 57%. There is a difference in teethbrushing skills before and after giving the animated video, with pValue = 0.000, with an increase in the number of skilled respondents as much as 63%.

6.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(4):11245-11268, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1790250

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Covid-19 (coronavirus) has been identified as the cause of an outbreak of the respiratory disease in Wuhan, China;declared as a global health emergency on January 20, 2020. Symptoms of covid include cough, fever, tiredness, sore throat etc. Children below the age of 1 are at a high risk of infection due to less maturity of the immune response. AIM: To create awareness among parents related to the risk of exposure of their children to Covid-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 parents of school-going children with different cultural backgrounds. A pre-validated and reliable questionnaire containing 10 questions was distributed to the participants. The questionnaire contained the question items pertaining to their knowledge and awareness related to the risk of exposure of their children to Covid-19. Parents who had more than 1 child were excluded from the study. Statistical analysis was performed in Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 23.0 (IBM, Chicago, USA). Descriptive statistics were performed to present the frequency distribution of the options of the question items. Also, Pearson's chi-square association was done to analyze the knowledge and perception of participants. RESULTS: From the present study it was assessed that children from cities are more healthy(25.71%) and are aware of covid and its consequences than children in towns and villages (28.57%). Most of the children follow safety measures such as wearing masks, using hand sanitizer, maintaining social distance, etc while playing outdoors/in public places. CONCLUSION: By creating awareness among parents about covid and its consequences we can reduce the fatality rate of newborns or children with weak immunity. By this study we emphasize the importance of hygienic practices that are supposed to be followed during Covid to ensure a healthy life.

7.
IAF Space Education and Outreach Symposium 2021 at the 72nd International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2021 ; E1, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1787500

ABSTRACT

In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, education experienced the direct transition to digitalisation at the international level, and academic studies migrated to the virtual environment. According to official UNESCO data presented by Statistics, 23rd March 2020, [1], more than 1.5 billion students globally have been affected by partial or total closure of educational institutions. (Statistics, Mar 2020) With the closure of schools, both students and teachers started the journey to the New Education - The Online School. But the main problem was yet to be assessed as “children are not the face of the pandemic.” [2]. Thus, a couple of questions were asked to mitigate the implications of the official governmental decision, understanding the assessment of digital educational preparedness and examples of activities conducted that led children of four nations to be inspired by Space Scientists and engineers. From spending an average of 2 to 4 hours a day in the digital environment, to perform homework and use social media channels, the direct time added for The Online School has doubled and even tripled. On average, children started to use computers for over 10 – 12 hours. As a result, vulnerability and differences increased, access to quality education has decreased considerably due to weak computer skills, but the essential fact studied has been the activities conducted to keep children engaged in their educational development. However, whether we are talking about the connection between pupil-pupil or pupil-teacher, or the ability to continue extracurricular activities in the digital environment, there was a lack of consultation and involvement of students in the decision-making process and a lack of creating interactive projects and dedicated support on behalf of authorities. Copyright © 2021 by the authors. Published by the IAF, with permission and released to the IAF to publish in all forms.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; 43(1):61-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1771920

ABSTRACT

Objective: The current situation and associated factors of primary and middle school students' screen time and related eye hygiene in different periods before and after COVID-19 were investigated, so as to provide a scientific basis for taking targeted measures of preventing and controlling myopia among those students. Methods A total of 11 402 students were selected from 24 primary schools, 18 junior high schools and 16 high schools by multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method. And a questionnaire survey was conducted among students and their parents to understand students' screen time and screen hygiene behaviors and related factors in different periods before and after the outbreak of COVID-19. Results The rate of screen overuse was 7.26%, 9.12% and 35.30% during school days, weekends and home study, respectively. The overuse rate of mobile phones and tablets at home increases with the increase of school stage. Totally 16.30% of students use mobile phones for online learning. The screen overuse rate of those who have not been diagnosed with myopia was lower than that of those who have been diagnosed during home study(OR=0.77, P < 0.05). The higher the parents' educational level was, the lower the screen overuse rate of children during the weekends became(P < 0.05). In any period, the high proportion of screens used in homework and poor home screen eye environment increased the risk of screen overuse and poor eye hygiene (P < 0.05). Parental good behavior was conducive to reducing the risk(OR=0.65-0.97, P < 0.05). When the family had regulation on the screen use time, the implementation of laxity would increase the risk of screen overuse (OR=1.18-2.48, P < 0.05). Conclusion The screen overuse rate of urban primary and middle school students during home study is high, and a certain proportion of students still use mobile phones for online learning. The proportion of screens used in homework, home screen eye environment and screen use management are related to screens overuse. More attention should be paid to those with myopia and low educational level of parents. Coronavirus;Fixation, ocular;Behavior;Regression analysis;Students.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; 43(1):38-40, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1761326

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of public opinion on the attitude towards COVID-19 vaccination among parents of middle school students aged 12 to 17 years. Methods A total of 477 parents of middle school students were recruited online and offline. News reports and virtual online comments on the vaccination of children aged 12 to 17 were provided for them to read, after which all the parents reported their attitude towards COVID-19 vaccination for their child. Results Totally 73.55% of parents were willing to vaccinate their child. In addition, public opinion showed significant impacts on parental attitude towards COVID-19 vaccination (F=67.89, P < 0.01). After reading positive opinions (4.02..0.91), parental willingness to vaccinate was significantly higher than other comment conditions;Under the influence of negative opinions (2.56..0.88), parents' willingness to child vaccination was significantly lower than other opinion groups;There was no significant difference (P=0.77) between the neutral opinion group (3.71..0.79) and the control group (3.68..0.81). Conclusion The attitude towards child COVID-19 vaccination among parents of middle school students might be influenced by public opinions. Guidance on public opinion is key for child COVID-19 vaccination improvement.

10.
Working Paper Series National Bureau of Economic Research ; 63, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1760212

ABSTRACT

Schools across the United States and the world have been closed in an effort to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. However, the effect of school closure on COVID-19 transmission remains unclear. We estimate the causal effect of changes in the number of weekly visits to schools on COVID-19 transmission using a triple difference approach. In particular, we measure the effect of changes in county-level visits to schools on changes in COVID-19 diagnoses for households with school-age children relative to changes in COVID-19 diagnoses for households without schoolage children. We use a data set from the first 46 weeks of 2020 with 130 million household-week level observations that includes COVID-19 diagnoses merged to school visit tracking data from millions of mobile phones. We find that increases in county-level in-person visits to schools lead to an increase in COVID-19 diagnoses among households with children relative to households without school-age children. However, the effects are small in magnitude. A move from the 25th to the 75th percentile of county-level school visits translates to a 0.3 per 10,000 household increase in COVID-19 diagnoses. This change translates to a 3.2 percent relative increase. We find larger differences in low-income counties, in counties with higher COVID-19 prevalence, and at later stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.

11.
Front Public Health ; 9: 547634, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1760270

ABSTRACT

The number of children dealing with behavioural problems is increasing. A major challenge in many health-supportive programmes is the recruitment and retention of these children. In the current study, Sport Mix Club (SMC), an approach to enhance socioemotional disorders of 4- to 12-year-old children through sport classes in municipality Vaals, the Netherlands, is used as an illustration. Where many studies faced difficulties getting and keeping children in their interventions, SMC overcame this challenge. Therefore, we decided to explore "What factors contribute to enhanced recruitment and retention procedures among children with behavioural problems in Sport Mix Club?" A qualitative case study design using the analysis of the administrative logbook of the SMC coach and trainees, individual interviews with the SMC coach, trainees (n = 2), school teachers (n = 3) and parents of participating children (n = 9), and four focus group interviews with children (n = 13) were carried out. During the recruitment and retention of SMC, the human psychological need of relatedness seemed to be of crucial value. The fact that the SMC coach: (1) made efforts to become a familiar face for children, parents and community partners beforehand; (2) showed enthusiasm; and (3) placed her focus on having fun as opposed to the children's problems, seemed to be decisive in the process of getting children to participate in SMC and retaining their participation.


Subject(s)
Problem Behavior , Sports , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Parents/psychology , Schools , Sports/psychology
12.
Scientific Reports ; 11(11), 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1758332

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 limitation strategies have led to widespread school closures around the world. The present study reports children's mental health and associated factors during the COVID-19 school closure in France in the spring of 2020. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using data from the SAPRIS project set up during the COVID-19 pandemic in France. Using multinomial logistic regression models, we estimated associations between children's mental health, children's health behaviors, schooling, and socioeconomic characteristics of the children's families. The sample consisted of 5702 children aged 8-9 years, including 50.2% girls. In multivariate logistic regression models, children's sleeping difficulties were associated with children's abnormal symptoms of both hyperactivity-inattention (adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) 2.05;95% Confidence Interval 1.70-2.47) and emotional symptoms (aOR 5.34;95% CI 4.16-6.86). Factors specifically associated with abnormal hyperactivity/inattention were: male sex (aOR 2.29;95% CI 1.90-2.76), access to specialized care prior to the pandemic and its suspension during school closure (aOR 1.51;95% CI 1.21-1.88), abnormal emotional symptoms (aOR 4.06;95% CI 3.11-5.29), being unschooled or schooled with assistance before lockdown (aOR 2.13;95% CI 1.43-3.17), and tutoring with difficulties or absence of a tutor (aOR 3.25;95% CI 2.64-3.99;aOR 2.47;95% CI 1.48-4.11, respectively). Factors associated with children's emotional symptoms were the following: being born pre-term (aOR 1.34;95% CI 1.03-1.73), COVID-19 cases among household members (aOR 1.72;95% CI 1.08-2.73), abnormal symptoms of hyperactivity/inattention (aOR 4.18;95% CI 3.27-5.34) and modest income (aOR 1.45;95% CI 1.07-1.96;aOR 1.36;95% CI 1.01-1.84). Multiple characteristics were associated with elevated levels of symptoms of hyperactivity-inattention and emotional symptoms in children during the period of school closure due to COVID-19. Further studies are needed to help policymakers to balance the pros and cons of closing schools, taking into consideration the educational and psychological consequences for children.

13.
Turk J Pediatr ; 64(1): 32-39, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1743167

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, discussions regarding the prevalence of COVID-19 in children and the association of this with education have started. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of COVID-19 infection in asymptomatic school children within a limited period while face-to-face education continued. METHODS: This is a descriptive and retrospective study. Screening was carried out in the schools in the three major districts of the metropolitan municipality when face-to-face education was practiced. COVID-19 RT-PCR swab samples were collected from 4,658 students from 46 schools at preschool, primary, secondary, and high school levels by using the stratified sampling method. Screening results were retrospectively analyzed by the researchers. RESULTS: The mean age of the children included in the study was 10.6±3.2 (5-17). Only 46 students` COVID-19 RT-PCR results were positive; the positivity rate was higher in male students than in female students (p > 0.05); the students living in the third region had a higher positivity rate than the other students, there was a statistical difference between them (p < 0.001); there were no positive cases in 26 (56.7%) schools, and the spreader rate of the school children was 0.98%. CONCLUSIONS: We determined in the study that the prevalence of COVID-19 infection was not high in asymptomatic school children in the period when schools were open. This may play a role in directing the education and training during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
14.
South Asian Journal of Experimental Biology ; 12(1):82-93, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1737612

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic had changed drastically the social life of children and youth, including their ability to adhere the physical activity (PA) recommendations. This study highlights the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 lockdown on children's daily physical activity, sedentary behaviors and sleep duration. It also determined the impact of this specific context on adiposity and cardio-metabolic indicators among children aged from 9 to 12 years old from Constantine-Algeria. Children were divided into 2 groups according to the practice of PA, a cross-sectional study was conducted at 2 different times. The first time, was before the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, where the pre-lockdown lifestyle and PA data were collected via a validated questionnaire. The second time was during the lockdown, where the same questionnaire was asked to children's parents via telephonic interviews. A significant decline in the frequencies of PA patterns by 3.8 hours has been observed in the study population. In parallel, sedentary behaviors has been significantly increased by 4.5 hours in equal proportions between swimmers and sedentary children per day. Half of the children decreased their night sleep duration by an average of 54 minutes. This new lifestyle context induced by the lockdown was associated with an increase in body weight (3.69..0.9 kg) and body mass index (2.1..0.48 kg/m2) in the whole study population. These results might increase the prevalence of cardio-metabolic complications associated with overweight and obesity observed in the population of children and adolescents in Constantine in the near future.

15.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; 8(6):11449-11465, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1727164

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19, novel coronavirus, has been identified by the World Health Organization as a pandemic that causes highly transmittable respiratory disease. Lack of awareness about COVID-19 preventive measures represents a global threat. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of nursing instructions about COVID-19 preventive measures on knowledge and reported practice of hospitalized school age children. Materials and Methods: One group pre-posttest quasi-experimental design was utilized to carry out the current study. Setting: The study was conducted in the medical wards at Cairo University Specialized Pediatric Hospital CUSPH. Sample: A purposive sample of 100 hospitalized school age children was included in the study. Data Collection Tool: Structured interview questionnaire designed by the researcher contained seventy-eight questions related to children's demographic data, general knowledge about COVID-19, symptoms, modes of transmission, treatment and prevention was used.

16.
Field Exchange Emergency Nutrition Network ENN ; 66:12-14, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1716850

ABSTRACT

The rise of the global overweight and obesity epidemic can be attributed to the rise of modern retail and food service delivery sectors in all countries, has led to changes in the agricultural and food systems, thereby increasing affordability and access to foods and less nutritious drinks. The consequences of school closures on the economic security and well-being of children, their families and their communities are likely to reverse the progress in education over the past decades. Prioritizing children's return to school and using school as a platform to improve nutrition and health will have a huge impact on future generations. Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been more impetus and opportunity to bring together governments, donors, organizations and communities in education, health and nutrition. Countries must reframe their efforts to ensure health and nutrition services begin in the first 1,000 days and continue for the next 7,000 days. They must focus their attention on middle school ages globally so that students have access to quality, healthier meals and better learning opportunities. This will strengthen the initial investments in the first 1,000 days and lay a strong foundation for the future of children and their society.

17.
Malta Medical Journal ; 34(1):5-16, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1716809

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Social distancing mandated by COVID-19 so as to slow viral spread resulted in school closures in 2020. Reopening schools could be safe if accompanied by precautionary measures. This paper describes the events leading up to school closures in Malta with reference to San Andrea independent school, and the measures and contingency plans created by the school during Malta's soft lockdown and summer holidays for safe school reopening.

18.
Children (Basel) ; 9(2)2022 Feb 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1715141

ABSTRACT

Hand hygiene is a cornerstone of infection prevention. However, few data are available for school children on their knowledge of infectious diseases and their prevention. The aim of the study was to develop and apply a standardized questionnaire for children when visiting primary schools to survey their knowledge about infectious diseases, pathogen transmission and prevention measures. Enrolling thirteen German primary schools, 493 questionnaires for grade three primary school children were included for further analyses, comprising 257 (52.1%) girls and 236 (47.9%) boys with an age range of 8-11 years. Out of 489 children, 91.2% participants indicated that they knew about human-to-human transmissible diseases. Of these, 445 children responded in detail, most frequently mentioning respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases, followed by childhood diseases. Addressing putative hygiene awareness-influencing factors, it was worrisome that more than 40.0% of the children avoided visiting the sanitary facilities at school. Most of the children (82.9%) noted that they did not like to use the sanitary facilities at school because of their uncleanliness and the poor hygienic behavior of their classmates. In conclusion, basic infection awareness exists already in primary school age children. Ideas about the origin and prevention of infections are retrievable, however, this knowledge is not always accurate and adequately contextualized. Since the condition of sanitary facilities has a strong influence on usage behavior, the child's perspective should be given more consideration in the design and maintenance of sanitary facilities.

19.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(4)2022 02 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1708692

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 restrictions and the instructions to stay at home (SaH) may have had an impact on child behavior including physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Switzerland. Therefore, we investigated PA and HRQoL during and after the SaH in 57 Swiss school children aged 7 to 12 years (M = 10.44; SD = 1.34). PA was measured using accelerometry (Actigraph GT3X) and HRQoL using the Kid-KINDLR questionnaire. During and post data was compared using paired sample t-tests. Independent t-tests were used to compare the HRQoL of physically active children with non-physically active children. PA in light (d = -0.56), moderate (d = -0.44), moderate-to-vigorous (d = -0.28) as well as overall HRQoL (d = -0.66), psychological well-being (d = -0.48), self-esteem (d = -0.39), friends (d = -0.70) and everyday functioning (d = -0.44), were significantly lower during SaH than afterwards. Children who adhered to PA recommendations (+60 min of moderate-to-vigorous PA) during SaH had a better overall HRQoL (d = 0.61) and psychological well-being (d = 0.56) than those who did not. Since PA levels and HRQoL were lower during SaH compared to afterwards, it seems that the restrictions negatively impacted children's PA and HRQoL. During future SaHs, promoting children's PA and HRQoL seems important.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Quality of Life , Accelerometry , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Exercise/psychology , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Switzerland/epidemiology
20.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(3)2022 02 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1690267

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has placed today's society in an unprecedented scenario. During Portugal's first home confinement period (March-July 2020), the online-based "COVID-19 in Trials and Tribulations" project was implemented to support families with school-aged children. The project was grounded on the self-regulation framework and delivered through Facebook® and Instagram® pages. Being responsive to ongoing developments of the pandemic, activities were conveyed in two phases. Phase 1 occurred during lockdown (school was suspended). Phase 2 occurred while students were enrolled in at-distance (online) school. The present study aimed to examine the reach of the project, while examining the content and format of delivery that generated the most engagement among the users (4500 Facebook® effective followers; 1200 Instagram® effective followers) during the confinement period. Results showed that, at the individual page level, Facebook® had higher reach indicators compared to Instagram®, except for video. At the Facebook® post level, followers and users showed more engagement with the page prior to the at-distance schooling phase; however, videos still generated engagement (p = 0.002). Both the post type (p < 0.01) and frequency (p < 0.001) of publication were suggested to be good predictors of engagement. The information gathered will help design and inform future interventions that may be implemented as new lockdowns are set in place.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Self-Control , Social Media , Child , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Networking
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL