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1.
North Clin Istanb ; 9(4): 295-303, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2091033

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined the level of anxiety and depression, daytime sleepiness, and sleep quality in healthcare workers working during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This study was conducted in a tertiary care university hospital. Socio-demographic information form, Beck Anxiety Scale, Beck Depression Scale, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale were used as data collection tools. RESULTS: A total of 273 healthcare workers were recruited into the study. It was determined that there is an enormous mental health burden on healthcare workers. About 100% and 45.4% of the participants got above-threshold scores from Beck Anxiety Scale, and Beck Depression Scale, and the prevalence of daytime sleepiness and impaired sleep quality was 11.4% and 38.8%, respectively. The female gender was found to have more severe anxiety levels and lower sleep quality (p<0.001). In logistic regression analysis, the female gender was a risk factor for having a level of severe anxiety, and the nursing profession was a risk factor for having severe anxiety and low sleep quality (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Global serious outbreaks cause increased depression and anxiety levels and sleep disorders in healthcare workers. Therefore, we believe that trainings and support which aims to strengthen the psychological well-being of healthcare workers should be implemented.

2.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 Oct 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071241

ABSTRACT

Confinement during the COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted lifestyles worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of confinement on anxiety symptoms and sleep quality in people living in extreme southern latitudes. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were administered to 617 people, 74.2% of whom were women. The sample was grouped according to confinement: the zone of confinement (CZ) (46.5%) and the zone of partial confinement (PZ) (53.5%). In addition, the sample was further categorized into four age subgroups (18-25 years; 26-40 years; 41-50 years; over 50 years). Higher levels of anxiety and worse sleep quality were found in the CZ group than in the PZ group. Women had higher levels of anxiety and worse sleep quality than men. A significant bidirectional relationship between anxiety and sleep quality was observed, even after controlling for sex. This study demonstrated that women and young adults were more vulnerable to the effects of confinement on anxiety symptoms and sleep quality in populations at southern latitudes.

3.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 Oct 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071239

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The present study aims to evaluate the mental health symptoms in the Saudi population during the COVID-19 post-quarantine period and to identify the risk factors associated with the severity of the symptoms. METHODS: Anxiety was measured with the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire, depression with the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire, insomnia with the 7-item Insomnia Severity Index, and distress with the 22-item Impact Event Scale-Revised questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 885 respondents answered the online questionnaires. The majority were women (72.8%), married (67.4%), have children (59.3%), and with high education levels (93.2%). The results showed that a high number of the respondents experienced mild to severe symptoms of anxiety (533; 60.3%), depression (659; 47.5%), insomnia (510; 57.6%), and distress (645; 72.9%). The multivariable logistic analysis demonstrated severe anxiety and insomnia among women (OR = 1.71; 95% CI 1.07-1.98; p < 0.001 and OR = 2.00; 95% CI 1.78-2.35; p = 0.002); severe depression among those under 35 (OR = 2.06; 95% CI 1.97-2.44; p = 0.001; and severe distress among non-Saudi respondents (OR = 1.71; 95% CI 1.09-1.93; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The results might help in establishing precautionary measures for protecting the mental health of the general population during pandemics.

4.
Soc Sci Med ; 314: 115445, 2022 Oct 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2069698

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on the impact of confinement and economic support measures on the mental health of the older population (aged 50 and above) across twenty-five European countries and Israel. While studies evaluating the effect of confinement measures on mental health exist, they largely ignore the potentially offsetting effects of economic support measures. Moreover, previous findings on the effect of confinement measures are inconsistent, and many studies are based solely on cross-sectional designs. Using data from the Corona Survey wave (2020) of the Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), we leverage the date of interview information to vary individual exposure to different policy contexts within countries. Overall, we do not find support for the negative effect of confinement measures on older adults' mental health. If anything, both confinement and support measures worked in tandem to soothe mental distress, resulting from the pandemic. The confinement effects, however, are contingent on age, potentially indicating that younger people are more likely to be negatively affected by lockdowns.

5.
Vertex ; 33(157): 23-33, 2022 10 10.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2067759

ABSTRACT

The pandemic caused by COVID-19 in the world, in its different periods, produced many changes in sleep and in various areas of mental health. Objectives: To evaluate and to compare sleep quality and aspects of mental health during two different periods of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as to analyze some changes in habits/behaviors. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out, through an anonymous survey. Demographic information, sleep quality, depressive and anxiety symptoms were analyzed. Of the total, 998 surveys were selected. The survey focused on 2 time periods, from March to July 2020 and from March to July 2021. Results: When sleep quality was compared during the 2020 versus 2021 periods, the percentage of poor sleepers went from 51% to 59% in the second period. Regarding depressive symptoms, it went from 21.1 to 16.3% and the percentage of anxiety symptoms went from 59.5 to 47.6%. Poor sleep quality affected more people in 2021 compared to 2020. The percentage of participants with symptoms of anxiety and depression decreased in 2021. People changed some habits/behaviors, such as: changing routine schedules, acquiring pets, sharing their dreams more, and remembering them more frequently. This article contributes to knowing various aspects of sleep, mood swings and changes in habits/behaviors that occurred during the pandemic in Argentina.


La pandemia provocada por COVID-19 en el mundo, en sus diferentes períodos, produjo muchos cambios en el sueño y en diversas áreas de la salud mental. Objetivos: Evaluar y comparar calidad de sueño y aspectos de la salud mental durante dos períodos diferentes de la pandemia por COVID-19, como así también analizar algunos cambios en hábitos/conductas. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal, a través de una encuesta anónima de la que participaron 998 personas. La misma se realizó en dos períodos de tiempo. El primer período comprendió de marzo a julio de 2020, el segundo período abarcó de marzo a julio 2021. El análisis consideró: información demográfica, calidad del sueño, síntomas depresivos y de ansiedad. Resultados: Al comparar la calidad de sueño durante los períodos 2020 versus el 2021, el porcentaje de malos dormidores pasó del el 51% al 59% en el segundo período. En cuanto a los síntomas depresivos pasó del 21,1 al 16,3% y el porcentaje de síntomas de ansiedad pasó del 59,5 al 47,6%. La mala calidad del sueño afectó a un número mayor de personas en el 2021 que en el 2020 mientras que el porcentaje de participantes con síntomas de ansiedad y de depresión disminuyó en el año 2021. En la segunda fase de la encuesta las personas modificaron algunos hábitos/conductas como ser: cambiaron horarios de rutina, adquirieron mascotas, compartieron más sus sueños y recordaban con mayor frecuencia los mismos. Este artículo contribuye a conocer diversos aspectos del sueño, los cambios de humor y modificaciones de hábitos/conductas que ocurrieron durante la pandemia en Argentina.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Argentina , Habits , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Quality
6.
Neurology Asia ; 27(3):725-735, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067764

ABSTRACT

Background & Objective: Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most common primary headache. TTH worsens quality of life and is related to various psychosocial factors. We aimed to examine the severity of headache (intensity, frequency, and duration), analgesic use, quality of life (QoL), and the impact of COVID pandemic-induced stress in TTH patients. Method(s): TTH cases seen at neurology outpatient clinics in 15 centers in Turkey were included in the study. A questionnaire incorporating sociodemographic and medical information, headache features, sleep quality, general quality of life, and impact of the pandemic event was administered to the subjects. Result(s): A total of 975 TTH patients were evaluated. Headache severity was higher in women as well as in patients with a history of COVID-19 contact. Women, those with chronic diseases, and cases with a COVID-19 contact history had worse perceptions of quality of life and were affected to a greater extent by the pandemic. The factors affecting the impact of the pandemic were female gender and difficulty in access to health services for headache. Co-existing chronic diseases and lost productive time due to headaches were negative determinants for both QoL and the impact of the pandemic. Conclusion(s): Our results show that the COVID pandemic severely worsened the headache burden, quality of life and mental health of TTH patients. These findings can guide us in the clinical approach to TTH cases. Copyright © 2022, ASEAN Neurological Association. All rights reserved.

7.
Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences ; 16(4) (no pagination), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067099

ABSTRACT

Background: The pandemic of COVID-19 quarantined most of the world's population, which severely impacted daily life, especially academic activities. Objective(s): This study aimed to evaluate the sleep quality before and during COVID-19 quarantine and its relationship with family social support among university students. Method(s): This cross-sectional study was performed on 283 university students in Mashhad in 2020. A web-based questionnaire, including demographic information, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and Procidano Perceived Social Support from Family (PSS-Fa) questionnaires were sent to all students. Result(s): The prevalence of PSQI > 5 among students before the quarantine was 80.6% and reached 82.7% during the quarantine. The mean score of PSQI before the quarantine was 10.00 +/- 4.30 and reached 12.30 +/- 5.53 during the quarantine (P-value < 0.001). PSQI score before and during quarantine showed a significant inverse correlation with the PSS-Fa score. The sleep quality in those who did not leave quarantine at all was significantly higher than in those who did. Conclusion(s): This study shows decreased sleep quality in the students during the quarantine. In addition, students with more family social support had higher sleep quality, which could indicate the high impact of family social support on the students' quality of life. Copyright © 2022, Author(s).

8.
World Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; 8(4):491-496, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066907

ABSTRACT

Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy is a therapeutic method that can produce a range of physiological effects in cells and tissues using certain wavelengths. The reparative benefits of PBM therapy include wound healing, bone regeneration, pain reduction, and the mitigation of inflammation. Advances in the development of laser instruments, including the use of high-intensity lasers in physiotherapy, have recently led to controllable photothermal and photomechanical treatments that enable therapeutic effects to be obtained without damaging tissue. The combination of PBM therapy with acupuncture may provide new perspectives for investigating the underlying therapeutic mechanisms of acupuncture and promote its widespread application.

9.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(19)2022 Sep 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065933

ABSTRACT

The number of occasions to stay in a car overnight is increasing during disasters; however, the effects on sleep and the impact on daytime functioning are not well understood. We investigated the effect of seat angle when sleeping in a car and its impact on calculation performance the following day. Fifteen healthy males participated in three trials (sleeping in a car with the front seat angled at 45° and 60° in a laboratory and sleeping at home); sleep and calculation performance the following day were compared. Increased wake after sleep onset and decreased slow-wave sleep were observed in the 60° trial, that is, near-vertical, compared with the others. Subjective sleep quality and calculation performance in the 45° and 60° trials were poorer than those in the home trial. The effect of seat angle on sleep was confirmed objectively, but not subjectively, suggesting that a large seat angle might cause sleep impairment.


Subject(s)
Automobiles , Sleep Quality , Humans , Male , Polysomnography , Sleep
10.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(10)2022 Oct 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065809

ABSTRACT

Background: Due to the health restrictions put in place to face the pandemic, a decrease in the levels of physical activity and an alteration in the quality of sleep have been observed. One group susceptible to these changes is represented by students of physical education pedagogy, who, under normal conditions, present high levels of physical activity. However, the correlation between these variables has not been studied in the context of a pandemic lockdown. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of the quality of sleep and physical activity level as a function of gender and evaluate the association between quality of sleep and physical activity level in physical education pedagogy students during the COVID-19 pandemic considering sociodemographic and health characteristics. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. An online questionnaire was applied to 280 Chilean university students of physical education pedagogy. The survey considered sociodemographic information, healthy habits, and self-reported health and included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) for physical activity levels and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for sleep quality. Results: The prevalence of good sleep quality was 20.4%. Furthermore, 52.9% of students had a high level of physical activity. Regression analysis between PSQI global score and age-adjusted physical activity levels indicated that being male and presenting a high level of physical activity favored a better PSQI global score. Conclusions: The prevalence of good sleep quality was low in general and significantly lower in women. Being male and having a high level of physical activity during quarantine benefits good sleep quality, regardless of age.

11.
International Journal of Stroke ; 17(2 Supplement):31-32, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2064675

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite similar motor recovery of limbs in research, clinically the lower limb is observed to demonstrate greater recovery than the upper limb (UL). Understanding the relation between the post-stroke rehabilitation experience in the hospital environment and neuroplasticity and motor recovery of the UL may provide insight into how to optimize the hospital and promote recovery. Aim(s): This feasibility study aimed to collect cross-sectional data from inpatients who were clinically receiving UL motor training within a rehabilitation hospital to determine the feasibility of our protocol as well as describe the factors and potential associations between motor performance and therapy participation, fatigue, stress and sleep. Method(s): Inpatients were recruited across two rehabilitation wards;inclusion criteria were broad (stroke diagnosis and clinically identified UL motor impairment). Therapy session duration and frequencies were recorded prior to assessing sleep quality and amount over one night (Actiwatch, Phillips Respironics, USA)). Participants rated their perceived fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale-FSS) and sleep quality (Leeds Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire-LSEQ), and overnight nursing documentation of sleep was extracted from the medical record. Motor performance was assessed via the box and block test. All data were collected across a 24h period. Result(s): N=14 participants participated (age 71+/-11y) at a mean+/-SD 32+/-23 days post-stroke and 22+/-21 days since admission to rehabilitation. Participants received motor training 10+/-3 times per week, and sessions were 51+/-18min in length. Mean+/-SD sleep duration was 9.5+/-1.9h with 1.1+/-0.7h awake-time during the night. All participants reported fatigue, with mean FSS (37+/-16), and identified issues with respect to getting to sleep as well as quality of sleep on the LSEQ. All data were feasible to collect, however COVID restrictions and bed-numbers influenced recruitment rate. Conclusion(s): Findings provide key feasibility data to better understand targetable factors to optimise the post-stroke rehabilitation experience, neuroplasticity and UL motor recovery after stroke.

12.
Archives of Disease in Childhood ; 107(Supplement 2):A410-A411, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2064057

ABSTRACT

Aims Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE's) are those potentially traumatic events occurring in an individual between birth and 17 years of age.1 The term was first used in the pioneering study published in 1998, which showed causational relationships between ten adverse childhood experiences and negative health outcomes. Since then, a multitude of further research has been conducted in the field. Scientific curiosity led me to research the link between early trauma and physical, mental, and social health. Having conducted and presented the results of a pilot study (pre-pandemic), my passion grew, leading to an in-depth literature review on the relating factors, mechanism and relationship between ACE's and physical and mental health, followed by an extensive undergraduate study, to ascertain the impact of ACE's on medical students, in particular focusing on emotional health, during this pandemic (2021). Methods A sample of 140 students attending the university of medicine and pharmacy 'Grigore T. Popa' were surveyed, collecting demographic, physical, mental, social, and emotional health data by means of an Google Forms questionnaire (including: the Pittsburgh sleep quality Index,2 and WHO ACE-IQ3). Correlations were made between different variables, such as: gender, nationality, self-rated physical health and 'binary ACE score'. Results 61.4% were female, with participants from across the globe. The average age was 23.13 years. A snapshot of the prevalence of ACE's was obtained, 29.3% had an ACE score of 4 or more. Of the categories of ACE's: a quarter having experienced sexual abuse, witnessing physical violence (without objects) in just under a third (31%), and threats or actual abandonment or exclusion from the house in just under 1 in 5 (19%). While data confirmed the findings of previous studies on the impact of ACE's on physical health, the most notable findings were in relation to emotional health. In the past year, 39.3% reported having felt deep sadness more than three times. 47.1% reported feelings of worthlessness more than three times in the past year. 27.1% reported excessive worry, 15% reported thoughts of self-harm. Positive correlations were observed between ACE score, and feelings of deep sadness, feelings of worthlessness, excessive worry, thoughts of self-harm, and suicidal thoughts (see figure 1). Conclusion These findings underline an important issue, equally affecting the future medical professionals. Findings reflect the generation and the world as a whole, with the compounded impact of the SARS-COV-2 pandemic on mental and emotional health. Results suggest, dealing with the effects of 'post-pandemic' stress and ACE will be an issue requiring particular attention. (Figure Presented).

13.
J Pediatr Health Care ; 2022 Oct 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2061759

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Sleep issues occur at higher rates in children with neurodevelopmental disorders than in the typical population. Little is known about the impact of COVID-19 on sleep issues in this population METHOD: This integrative review aimed to characterize studies during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020-2022) addressing the prevalence and management of sleep issues in children and youth with neurodevelopmental disorders.Comprehensive database searches were used to identify articles, and 31 studies were considered suitable for this review. RESULTS: Most studies reported worsening sleep disturbances during COVID-19 restrictions. All studies were conducted when clinics were closed; only two studies addressed treatment options such as music therapy and sleep hygiene education and found improvement in sleep issues. DISCUSSION: Future research needs to concentrate on developing interventions to assist families remotely and empower families with a toolkit of preparedness in times of crisis.

14.
Neuromodulation ; 25(7 Supplement):S17, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2061710

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Insomnia disorder (ID) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly comorbid, above 80% of MDD patients have insomnia disorder. Acupuncture as a major complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy, is utilized extensively in Asia to treat mental health disorders.Transcutaneous electrical cranial-auricular stimulation (TECAS) is a potential new type of acupuncture treatment for MDD and ID which combines the scalp points and auricular points most commonly used by acupuncturists. It has the advantages of portability, quantifiable stimulation parameters and comfort, especially for home treatment under the normal situation of COVID-19, which can avoid the risk of infection due to frequent hospital trips. Materials / Methods: 10 ID-MDD patients were treated by TECAS which was administered at the bilateral auricular acupoints, Bai Hui (GV-20) and Yin Tang (GV-29) (waveform:4/20 Hz, wave width: 0.2ms+/-30%) for twice a day last 8 weeks. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale(HAMD) of ID-MDD patients were evaluated before and after treatment. Result(s): HAMD-17 scores of 10 patients were lower at 4 and 8 weeks than before TECAS treatment, and the reduction was greater at 4 weeks than at 8 weeks. PSQI scores of 8 patients decreased at 4 and 8 weeks compared with before treatment, and the decrease was greater in the fourth week than in the 8th week. Insomnia of 2 patients improved at 4 weeks of treatment, but became worse in the 8th week as before treatment.7 out of 10 patients showed full insomnia response (50% reduction in PSQI) and 8 patients showed full depression response (50% reduction in HAMD-17 scores). Discussion(s): We suggest TECAS is a good therapeutic strategy to modulate the vagus nerve and trigeminal nerve propagate through electrical stimulation projected by neurons from peripheral sites to the central nervous system. Furthermore, we speculate that TECAS can make the trigeminal nerve afferent fibers and vagus nerve auricular branch carry messages from head facial stimulation to NTS, locus coeruleus, raphe nucleus, medullary reticular activating system and structure of the thalamus, and then to feel, edge, cortical and subcortical structures, so the electrical stimulation subcortical can cause direct regulation, namely the change of cortical excitability. Conclusion(s): These preliminary results in this group of CID-MDD patients are encouraging and need to be replicated in prospective sham-controlled studies with larger sample sizes. In addition, for patients with insomnia and depression, it is important to consider combining TECAS with psychotherapy to avoid the interference of acute negative emergency events. Acknowledgements: The support of National Key R&D Program of China (No.2018YFC1705800) and Key Laboratory of Acupuncture and Chronobiology of Sichuan Province(No.2021004) for this project is gratefully acknowledged. Learning Objectives: 1. To provide a new non-drug method for acupuncture treatment of insomnia and depression;2. Provide preliminary experimental results for the large-sample experimental design of TECAS for the treatment of insomnia and depression;3. Compared with previous studies on insomnia and depression, the regularity and characteristics of TECAS in treating insomnia and depression were found. Keywords: Transcutaneous Electrical Cranial-Auricular Stimulation (TECAS), insomnia disorder, a case series, acupuncture, Major Depressive Disorder Copyright © 2022

15.
Nurs Open ; 2022 Oct 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2059571

ABSTRACT

AIM: To examine effects of holistic sleep improvement strategies on frontline nurses who served in Wuhan, China, during a public health emergency (COVID-19). DESIGN: A pre-post-test design with single group was conducted with a convenience sample applied the Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Non-randomized Designs statement. METHODS: Fifty-two nurses were recruited from a COVID-19 designated hospital, receiving holistic sleep improvement intervention, which concentrated on scientific human resource management, comfortable sleep environment establishment, self-relaxation and self-adjustment training and humanistic care. Data was collected at baseline and 4-week follow-up post intervention using self-reported questionnaires. RESULTS: The total score of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scale was 8.69 ± 4.346 at baseline. After 4 weeks of follow-up, the score statistically significantly decreased to 7.48 ± 3.691. Subjective sleep quality (p = .016), sleep efficiency (p = .015), sleep disturbances (p = .007) were statistically significantly improved after the intervention, while there were no statistically significant differences in sleep latency (p = .205), sleep duration (p = .375), sleep medication (p = .723) or daytime dysfunction (p = .747).

16.
Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics ; 64(1654):105-112b, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2057513

ABSTRACT

The FDA has approved tirzepatide (Mounjaro - Lilly), a peptide hormone with activity at both glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptors, to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes. Tirzepatide, which is injected subcutaneously once weekly, is the fi rst dual GIP/GLP-1 receptor agonist to become available in the US. Selective GIP receptor agonists are not available in the US;GLP-1 receptor agonists have been available for years. Copyright © 2022, Medical Letter Inc.. All rights reserved.

17.
International Medical Journal ; 27(5):521-526, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2058127

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study sought to determine the level of knowledge, practices and barriers towards the COVID-19 infection prevention strategies among University Students in Northern Jordan. Design(s): This study adopted a descriptive quantitative design. Material(s) and Method(s): The researcher administered a survey to 501 participants, who were University Students in Northern Jordan. Categorical data was then analyzed using three statistical tools of SPSS (v 25);descriptive statistics, spearman's cor-relation and linear regression analysis. Result(s): Participants reported proper knowledge scores (84.4%), proper adherence to general hygiene (89.2%) hand hygiene (87.7%), and respiratory hygiene (80.8%) practices regarding COVID-19 infection prevention strategies. Lack of personal pro-tective equipment and the inconvenience of staying at home are the leading barriers to stopping the spread of COVID-19. Gender, marital status, level of education and age have a statistically significant impact (p < .05) on the participants knowledge towards the overall prevention of the corona virus spread. Discussion(s): This study reports outcomes that correlate with some previous quantitative research studies regarding level of knowledge. However, level of knowledge does not consistently correlate with the practice. Conclusion(s): The university students in Northern Jordan exhibit sufficient knowledge and reliable attitude regarding the prevention of COVID-19. Copyright © 2020 Japan Health Sciences University & Japan International Cultural Exchange Foundation.

18.
Psychiatry Investig ; 19(9): 722-728, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2056984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the quality of sleep and smartphone addiction in Korean adolescents during the coronavirus disease 19 pandemic and analyzed their effects on perceived quality of life. METHODS: An online survey system provided by the Gwangmyeong City Health Center located in Gyeonggi-do, Korea, was completed by 1,678 local middle school students from April 1 to June 30, 2021. We measured quality of life using the KIDSCREEN-27 health-related quality of life questionnaire, quality of sleep using the Korean version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and smartphone addiction using the Smartphone Addiction Self-Diagnosis Scale. Bed times, wake times, and total sleep hours were also recorded. RESULTS: Sleep quality and quantity were directly associated with smartphone addiction. The results indicated that lower quality of life was associated with lower sleep quality, delayed onset of sleep, shorter total sleep time, and higher smartphone addiction. Female students reported lower quality of life, lower sleep quality, delayed sleep phases, shorter total sleep hours, and higher smartphone addiction scores than did male students. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that adolescents' quality of life is threatened by poor sleep, which in turn could be due to unhealthy smartphone usage. Girls were more heavily affected by this trend than were boys. Preparations to intervene for further mental health issues that might follow are necessary.

19.
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci ; 2022 Oct 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2048266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed to investigate the mental health status of COVID-19 survivors 1 year after discharge from hospital and reveal the related risk factors. METHODS: From April 11 to May 11, 2021, 566 COVID-19 survivors in Huanggang city were recruited through their primary doctors. A total of 535 participants (94.5%) admitted to participate in the survey and completed the questionnaires. Five scales were applied including 7-Items Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Fatigue Scale-14. The chi-square and the Fisher's exact test were used to evaluate the classification data, multivariate logistic regression was used to explore the related factors of sleep quality, fatigue, anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). RESULTS: One year after being discharged, of the 535 COVID-19 survivors, 252 (47.1%) had poor sleep quality; 157 (29.3%) had the symptoms of fatigue; 84 (15.7%),112 (20.9%), and 130 (24.3%) suffered from symptoms of anxiety, depression, and PTSD, respectively. The logistic regression analysis showed that history of chronic disease was risk factor for poor sleep quality (OR 2.501; 95% CI, 1.618-3.866), fatigue (OR 3.284; 95% CI 2.143-5.033), PTSD (OR 2.323; 95% CI 1.431-3.773) and depression (OR 1.950; 95% CI 1.106-3.436) in COVID-19 survivors. Smoking contributed to the poor sleep quality (OR 2.005; 95% CI 1.044-3.850), anxiety (OR 4.491; 95% CI 2.276-8.861) and depression (OR 5.459; 95% CI 2.651-11.239) in survivors. Drinking influenced fatigue (OR 2.783; 95% CI 1.331-5.819) and PTSD (OR 4.419; 95% CI 1.990-9.814) in survivors. Compared with college-educated survivors, survivors with high school education were at higher risk for poor sleep quality (OR 1.828; 95% CI 1.050-3.181) and PTSD (OR 2.521; 95% CI 1.316-4.830), and survivors with junior high school education were at higher risk for PTSD (OR 2.078; 95% CI 1.039-4.155). Compared with overweight survivors (BMI ≥ 23.0), survivors with normal BMI (18.5-22.9) (OR 0.600; 95% CI 0.405-0.889) were at lower risk for fatigue. While being housewife (OR 0.390; 95% CI 0.189-0.803) was protective factor for fatigue and having more family members was protective factor for PTSD (OR 0.404 95% CI 0.250-0.653) in survivors. CONCLUSIONS: One year after infection, poor sleep quality, fatigue, anxiety, depression, and PTSD, still existed in a relatively high proportion of COVID-19 survivors. Chronic disease history was an independent risk factor for poor sleep quality, fatigue, depression, and PTSD. Participants with low education levels were more likely to have mental problems than the others. We should focus on the long-term psychological impact of COVID-19 on survivors, and the government should apply appropriate mental health services to offer psychiatric support.

20.
Nutrients ; 14(18)2022 Sep 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2043877

ABSTRACT

Emotional eating poses health risks. It is associated with adverse weight gain and a higher body mass index and is frequently triggered by stressful situations such as pandemics. The COVID-19 pandemic was found to cause stress as well as lifestyle changes of different magnitudes. This study examined the relationship between lifestyle changes and emotional eating by focusing on the moderating effect of gender and COVID-19-related stressors. A total of 1969 respondents completed online questionnaires during the first COVID-19 lockdown in Israel. The questionnaires assessed COVID-19-related lifestyle changes concerning eating habits, alcohol consumption, sleep quality, physical activity, and cigarette smoking, COVID-19-related stressors, and emotional eating (Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire). People with positive and negative COVID-19-related lifestyle changes demonstrated higher emotional eating compared to people with no lifestyle changes. The relationship between lifestyle changes and emotional eating was moderated by gender and COVID-19-related stressors. In conclusion, health officials should consider recommendations about lifestyle changes given to the public in times of unpredictable changes, with special attention to populations at risk of emotional eating. As emotional eating is related to poor emotional regulation skills, public nutrition recommendations should focus on improving these skills rather than adopting better diets.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Feeding Behavior/psychology , Humans , Life Style , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
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