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1.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2101580

ABSTRACT

The retail industry contributes to the United States economy, and high turnover rates reduce the profitability of businesses, which affects their sustainability. The general problem is millennials employed in retail are not finding adequate leadership support and alignment with their career expectations or social beliefs. This qualitative single case study involved an embedded group of millennials employed as retail managers with at least three years of supervisory experience. The purpose of this study was to explore experiences and expectations involving effective leadership. The study involved using the generational theory, cognitive model of behavior, and servant leadership theory to address how perceptions of leadership are influenced by generational differences and leader behavior. Data collection from 8 semi-structured interviews was affected by the shared societal event of the COVID pandemic. Thematic analysis revealed transitional data from a follower's perspective to a leader's perspective and an emerging millennial leadership style. Millennials' skills and behaviors have evolved from life experiences and they can relate to other generations because of a need to know everything with a fearlessness to ask why. Future research of retail leadership will provide guidance to managers in the retail industry as they determine the style of leadership that fits their environment, culture, and employee needs. Reducing the voluntary turnover rate by putting people before profit in the retail industry will decrease the ripple effect that business closures have on local, state, and federal government sustainability. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

2.
Embase; 28.
Preprint in English | EMBASE | ID: ppcovidwho-346533

ABSTRACT

Before the availability of vaccines, many countries have resorted multiple times to drastic social restrictions to prevent saturation of their health care system, and to regain control over an otherwise exponentially increasing COVID-19 pandemic. With the advent of data-sharing, computational approaches are key to efficiently control a pandemic with non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). Here we develop a data-driven computational framework based on a time discrete and age-stratified compartmental model to control a pandemic evolution inside and outside hospitals in a constantly changing environment with NPIs. Besides the calendrical time, we introduce a second time-scale for the infection history, which allows for non-exponential transition probabilities. We develop inference methods and feedback procedures to successively recalibrate model parameters as new data becomes available. As a showcase, we calibrate the framework to study the pandemic evolution inside and outside hospitals in France until February 2021. We combine national hospitalization statistics from governmental websites with clinical data from a single hospital to calibrate hospitalization parameters. We infer changes in social contact matrices as a function of NPIs from positive testing and new hospitalization data. We use simulations to infer hidden pandemic properties such as the fraction of infected population, the hospitalisation probability, or the infection fatality ratio. We show how reproduction numbers and herd immunity levels depend on the underlying social dynamics. Copyright The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted medRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.

3.
Brain Sci ; 12(10)2022 Oct 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2082172

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has proven to be a challenge for healthcare systems, especially in terms of the care of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Age is one of the major risk factors for severe forms of COVID-19, most probably due to the presence of comorbidities and inflammations. It is known that SARS-CoV-2 invades nerve endings and olfactory nerves through the binding of the spike protein to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor. This interaction triggers an inflammatory cascade that results in cognitive impairment. In turn, the isoform of apolipoprotein-E4 (APOE-4ε) in AD is a risk factor for increased neuroinflammation through microglia activation, increased oxidative stress, and neurodegeneration. AD and SARS-CoV-2 are associated with increases in levels of inflammatory markers, as well as increases in levels of APOE-4ε, ACE2 and oxidative stress. Thus, there is a synergistic relationship between AD and SARS-CoV-2. In addition, the social isolation and other health measures resulting from the pandemic have led to a higher level of anxiety and depression among AD patients, a situation which may lead to a decline in cognitive function. Therefore, there is a need to develop strategies for keeping the patient calm but active.

4.
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 53: e300, dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-2081181

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los gobiernos al inicio de la pandemia, con el fin de mitigar y suprimir la propagación del virus implementaron medidas no farmacológicas ante la falta de vacunas y tratamientos farmacológicos efectivos. El gobierno colombiano emprendió acciones para controlar el contagio del COVID-19. Estas afectaron a la población y por ello el país requiere una evaluación profunda de la respuesta social ante la pandemia. Objetivo: Analizar la respuesta social a las medidas no farmacológicas para controlar la propagación del COVID-19 en Colombia. Metodología: Estudio exploratorio descriptivo transversal. El total de personas que respondieron la encuesta fue de 3549 adultos, entre el 8 y el 20 de abril de 2020. Resultados: En el país existen tres grupos de personas que han respondido a la pandemia de formas diferentes: quienes se resisten (34 %), quienes sufren (26 %) y quienes la aceptan (40 °%). En general, 90 % de las personas adoptó al menos una medida para protegerse, el 68 % adoptó más de tres medidas de higiene y autocuidado y un 60 °% implementó más de tres medidas de distanciamiento físico. Conclusiones: Al inicio de la pandemia, la ausencia de una vacuna hizo que las acciones individuales fueran tan importantes como las medidas implementadas por el gobierno. Sin embargo, pedagogía a nivel comunitario y el acceso a la información correcta, clara y concisa contribuyó con cambios de comportamientos positivos en la higiene, autocuidado y adherencia a medidas de distanciamiento, todo esto ha sido crucial para detener la propagación de COVID-19.


Abstract Introduction: At the beginning of the pandemic, governments implemented non-pharmacological measures to mitigate and suppress the spread of the virus in the absence of vaccines and effective pharmacological treatments. The Colombian government undertook actions to control the spread of COVID-19. These affected the population; therefore, the country requires a thorough evaluation of the social response to the pandemic. Objective: To analyze the social response to non-pharmacological measures to control the spread of COVID-19 in Colombia. Methodology: Cross-sectional descriptive exploratory study. The total number of people who responded to the survey was 3549 adults, between April 8 and 20, 2020. Results: There are three groups of people in the country who are responding to the pandemic in different ways: those who resist (34%), those who suffer (26%) and those who accept it (40%). Overall, 90% of people took at least one measure to protect themselves and others, 68% took more than three hygiene and self-care measures, 60% implemented more than three physical distancing measures. Conclusions: At the beginning of the pandemic, in the absence of a vaccine, individual actions are as important as measures implemented by the government. However, community-level education and access to correct, clear and concise information contributed to positive behavioral changes in hygiene, self-care and adherence to distancing measures, all of which are crucial to stop the spread of COVID-19.

5.
Energies ; 15(19):7257, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2065780

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article is to show the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on electricity consumption and, consequently, on decisions regarding the installation of photovoltaic panels using the example of a selected local authority in Poland—the Szemud Municipality. The analysis was conducted in 2022 and covered the years 2019–2021. An attempt was made to explore the factors that may have triggered an increase in the use of solar energy in households and identify the determinants of installing photovoltaic panels in the period under analysis. Previous analyses of the PV market (and the impact of the pandemic on it) have so far focused on the market as a whole, either in macro or global terms, while studies on smaller municipalities have been limited to examining changes in electricity consumption levels during the COVID-19 pandemic and during lockdown. Therefore, a research gap was identified in that there are no studies analyzing the reasons for the shift from conventional to PV-assisted energy in households, with the COVID-19 pandemic as the background of these changes. The literature research showed that there are currently no studies attempting to establish a link between the increased interest in this type of energy by local authorities and the COVID-19 pandemic. The research confirmed the hypothesis of increased interest in household PV during the pandemic. The main conclusions of the study boil down to the need for further support as well as promotion of the use of solar energy. In addition, the results derived from the empirical research indicate the need to take action at a policy level to counter adverse trends regarding undesirable social behavior.

6.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(11-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2046741

ABSTRACT

Childhood malnutrition, which is endemic in rural areas of low-income countries, leads to a host of deleterious outcomes such as poor cognitive development, worse educational attainment and lower lifetime wages and productivity. However, promoting the consumption of eggs among young children has emerged as a promising strategy to combat childhood malnutrition. Eggs are a convenient and readily available source of animal protein and contain nutrients that promote cell growth and brain development.Rwanda has high rates of malnutrition, particularly in its rural areas, and despite the relatively common practice of chicken rearing, one of the lowest rates of egg consumption in the world. In this dissertation, I evaluate the impact of two interventions which aim to increase the consumption of eggs among young children, using a difference-in-difference estimation strategy with propensity score matching. In the first intervention (poultry-only), participants of a large agricultural social enterprise purchased Sasso chickens, which are bred to be hearty to rural conditions, on credit, thereby increasing access to eggs. The second intervention (poultry + SBCC) arm layered on a social behavior change campaign (SBCC) of radio messages, limited in person training, text message reminders and posters, all of which aimed to encourage families to feed eggs to children. This campaign was designed based in-depth formative work that identified key motivational constraints to egg feeding. I also included a comparison area, which was supposed to have excluded any similar interventions. However, mid-way through the data collection, I discovered that this area had begun a chicken and egg distribution campaign along with an egg promotion campaign, and thus no longer served as an appropriate counterfactual to the two other study arms. Therefore, the primary analysis of interest estimated the impact of the SBCC campaign by comparing the poultry + SBCC to the poultry-only interventions.I found a relatively modest but statistically significant increase in the number of times per week respondents in the poultry + SBCC arm reported feeding eggs to children of .275 (p=.02) compared to the poultry-only arm. This low impact was possibly due to the rather limited exposure of many respondents to the campaign, as under half of respondents reported having heard the radio campaign at all. This low listenership was a somewhat anticipated artifact of using a community radio rather than the more popular national radio station, which was necessary in order to have unexposed comparison areas. In addition, in-person training and poster distribution was curtailed due to COVID-19 related restrictions. So, while the impact was rather low and unlikely to make a significant difference in nutritional outcomes, it suggests that a higher saturation campaign might achieve even greater impacts.There were important trends in the types of respondents for whom the behavior change campaign had a greater impact. Respondents who were feeding boys had a much larger impact (.417 increase in egg feeding per week, p=.002) than those who were feeding girls (.138 increase in egg feeding per week, p=.255). In addition, the campaign had a larger impact on those who were already feeding eggs to children (.629 increase in egg feeding per week, p=.004) than those who were not engaging in those practices at baseline (.256 increase in egg feeding per week, p=.002). Future campaigns should ensure higher saturation of messaging, include specific messaging around the importance of feeding girls as well as boys and could potentially target the easier to reach segment of those who were already occasionally feeding eggs to children. However, the harder to reach non-egg feeders may have greater needs and may also need to be prioritized. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

7.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research ; 16(9):LC27-LC31, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2044190

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Quarantine of travellers was one of the major public health strategies enforced by the state to curb the transmission of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the initial phases. Proper quarantine requires commitment from the person, support, and monitoring from the public health system. Aim: To understand the process, practices, perceptions, and difficulties of quarantined persons during the initial phase of the Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) in a panchayat in Alappuzha, Kerala, India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from May to September 2020 using a semi-structured questionnaire through telephonic interview among quarantined individuals in a panchayat in Alappuzha, Kerala. Quarantine practices, the process of quarantine, perceptions, and difficulties faced were explored to understand their viewpoint. The perceptions of the healthcare providers were also enquired qualitatively. The data collected was entered in Microsoft Excel and statistical analysis was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 27 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA). Results: Out of the 182 quarantined individuals, 152 were in home quarantine of which 89 (58.6%) observed strict room quarantine and 132 (72.5%) had a quarantine period of more than 14 days which was the guideline then. Majority were contacted by the health staff during the period;however, 28% were not satisfied with the information that was conveyed to them. Majority adhered to infection control guidelines during quarantine. Almost half (46.7%) of them reported emotional problems during quarantine of which the major issues were loneliness and lack of social contact. Almost one-third of them had experienced stigma and rejection from people in the neighbourhood. Conclusion: Quarantine to be used effectively as a public health measure requires that the concerns and problems should also be taken care of. Adequate information regarding the need and process of quarantine should be provided and there should be a system to cater to the emotional concerns of the persons. Awareness regarding the purpose and role of quarantine among the general public will enable quarantine to be used as a powerful tool for disease control in the future.

8.
Annals of Oncology ; 33:S1261, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2041557

ABSTRACT

Background: Exercise is a promising strategy to improve fatigue and quality of life in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). However, little is known about patients’ barriers, facilitators, and preferences for supervised exercise programs. An in-depth understanding of the patients’ perspective could help to define the role of exercise professionals in this regard and support the development and implementation of successful exercise interventions. Methods: Eleven online focus groups were held, including a total of 44 participants from four European countries (DE, ESP, PL, SE). In semi-structured group sessions, patients were encouraged to discuss their reasons to participate in supervised exercise programs, experienced barriers and exercise preferences. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, translated into English, and coded based on a preliminary coding framework, supplemented by themes that emerged during the sessions. Results: Participants expressed positive attitudes towards exercise. Facilitating factors for participation in supervised programs included the benefits of social contact, professional guidance, and the experience of physical and psychological benefits. The main barriers cited were practical issues, physical limitations due to cancer and its treatment, and safety concerns due to Covid-19. Participants did not have a clear, shared preference regarding exercise type or setting, but would appreciate mixed exercises (i.e., aerobic, strength, and mind-body exercises) in flexible training modules. Individualized training programs and feedback from exercise professionals were strongly desired. Conclusions: While there was common ground regarding several barriers and facilitators, patients expressed mixed preferences for exercise programs. This related to benefits of social interaction in group exercise on the one hand, and the need for individualized tailoring to deal with physical restrictions on the other hand. Exercise professionals can play an important role in supporting exercise for MBC patients by identifying individual needs and providing training programs that are adjusted to patients' abilities and preferences. Legal entity responsible for the study: Netherlands Cancer Institute / Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital. Funding: European Commission Research & Innovation Horizon 2020. Disclosure: A.M. May: Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Role, Paid to institution: COMPASS. K. Steindorf: Financial Interests, Personal, Expert Testimony, < €5,000: Institut National contre le cancer (INCA), Paris, France;Financial Interests, Personal, Expert Testimony, Member of Data Monitoring Board;< €1,000: Swiss Group for Clinical Research (SAAK), Switzerland;Financial Interests, Personal, Invited Speaker, < €1,000: Adviva, Heidelberg, Germany, Pierre Fabre, Freiburg, Germany, Takeda, Breast Cancer Care Center, Unna, Germany, Audi Health Care Insurance, Ingolstadt, Germany, University of Mainz, Germany;Financial Interests, Personal, Invited Speaker, Lecturer fee in Master Course, < €2,000: University of Heidelberg, Germany;Financial Interests, Personal, Expert Testimony, compensation of travel costs, no further fees: German Research Foundation (DFG), Bonn, Germany;Financial Interests, Personal, Expert Testimony, < €1,000: University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

9.
Revista de Gestão Social e Ambiental ; 16(1):1-15, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040619

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O artigo buscou analisar os impactos e reflexos da pandemia de COVID-19 na gestão dos resíduos plásticos. Referencial teórico: A preocupação com a COVID-19 resultou em diversas medidas protetivas, como a determinação do uso de EPIs e restrições de circulação nos centros urbanos. Essas mudanças também impactaram padrões de geração e gestão de resíduos sólidos, especialmente de resíduos plásticos, cujos reflexos negativos nos aspectos socioambientais podem emergir, dado seu descarte inadequado. Método: Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática de literatura, nas bases de dados Scopus, Sage e Web of Science, com utilização do Methodi Ordinatio. Ao total, 22 estudos foram selecionados, compondo o portfólio de pesquisa. Resultados e conclusão: Os resultados demonstraram uma maior concentração de estudos que relacionam os resíduos plásticos nas regiões costeiras, especialmente provenientes de EPIs, e a poluição por microplásticos. Além disso, há uma preocupação com a geração de resíduos de embalagens pela alteração nos padrões de consumo, com o aumento da procura por serviços de e-commerce e delivery. Além de uma preocupação ambiental, destaca-se um problema de ordem social à longo prazo, devido à quebra de padrões de comportamentos sustentáveis na utilização de plástico descartável. Implicações da pesquisa: Soluções são propostas no sentido de utilização de plásticos biodegradáveis, reutilização de EPIs e novas tecnologias de tratamento de resíduos, além da mudança no comportamento social. Originalidade/valor: De um modo geral, o estudo fornece insights e promove reflexões sobre os desafios enfrentados no gerenciamento de resíduos plásticos durante a pandemia de COVID-19.Alternate :Purpose: The article aims to analyze the impacts and reflections of the COVID-19 pandemic on plastic waste management. Theoretical Framework: The concern with COVID-19 resulted in several protective measures, such as the use of PPE and movement restrictions in urban centers. These changes also affected patterns of generation and management of solid waste, especially plastic waste, whose negative effects on socio-environmental aspects may emerge due to its inadequate disposal. Method: We conducted a systematic literature review in the databases Scopus, Sage and Web of Science, employing the Methodi Ordinatio. The review selected 22 studies to compose the research portfolio. Results and conclusion: The results showed a higher concentration of studies on plastic waste in coastal regions, especially from PPE and microplastic pollution. Moreover, there is a concern with the generation of packaging waste by shifting consumption patterns with the increased demand for e-commerce and delivery services. Besides an environmental concern, a long-term social problem stands out regarding the breaking of sustainable behavior patterns in using disposable plastic. Research implications: We propose solutions involving the use of biodegradable plastics, reuse of PPE, and new waste treatment technologies, besides changes in social behavior. Originality/Value: Overall, the study provides insights and promotes reflections on the challenges faced in managing plastic waste during the COVID-19 pandemic.

10.
BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care ; 11:A38-A39, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032476

ABSTRACT

Background In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the hospice moved to digital approaches. Whilst tele-rehabilitation has shown benefits for various chronic health conditions (Bhatt, Patel, Anderson, et al., 2019;Zanaboni, Hoaas, Lien, et al., 2017;Hwang, Bruning, Morris, et al., 2017), there is a gap in the literature on telehealth interventions for palliative rehabilitation. Aim To evaluate digital delivery of a palliative rehabilitation programme and obtain perceptions of users and staff. Methods All members of the Fatigue and Breathlessness (FAB) follow-on group (n=19) were invited to complete a questionnaire on the experience of transitioning to Zoom sessions. Descriptive statistics were produced using the statistical software package, Stata (Version 15;StataCorp, 2017). Qualitative data were analysed using an inductive thematic analysis framework (Braun & Clarke, 2006). Three members of the rehabilitation team were interviewed about encountered benefits and challenges. Results Thirteen members completed the questionnaire (68%) and all were positive about the transformed sessions. Eight respondents (62%) felt that the Zoom sessions were 'no different' or 'better' than in-person sessions. No adverse events were reported. Themes from open-ended comments included patient-level effects such as maintained exercise and social contact when in isolation and removed travel requirements. At the service level, there was improved access but technological challenges. Most respondents (9, 69%) suggested keeping the option of Zoom for flexibility and 46% (6) wanted both staff-led and self-led elements. The rehabilitation team felt their rapid response and team working enabled efficient transition to Zoom. This included risk assessments, particularly for those living alone. With help, users quickly learned and the virtual delivery provided opportunities to try new activities. At times, staff found the 'silent audience' challenging. The rehabilitation team felt the approach may only work with groups with existing rapport. Conclusions The hospice rehabilitation team now provide concurrent sessions at home via Zoom and in the hospice. These access options provide choice, appear to be acceptable and offer flexibility around changing condition status and personal factors.

11.
Psychiatria Danubina ; 33:42-43, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1647467

ABSTRACT

Recent researches, following the pandemic, have shown in people, especially the youngest ones, an increase of suffering, articulated in tiredness and being worried, all feelings linked primarily to the national closure of schools and social meeting... Depressive and languishing mood seem to the "normal" condition of everyday feeling of each of us, young and adult.

12.
The Qualitative Report ; 27(9):1830-1846, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026764

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed people's social behavior in various fields, especially education and religion. Religious learning activities through social media have increased along with the shift from offline to online learning. Restrictions on physical activity encourage increased online activity. Religious education and teaching began to shift from traditional face-to-face to online teaching. Educational institutions no longer monopolize Islamic religious education. This study examines the shift in religious education authority due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This study has analyzed videos of popular religious studies broadcast on social media, YouTube, and Facebook using a qualitative content analysis method. This study finds that the shift in the authority of religious education can be seen in three aspects: popularity, themes, and learning models. The findings of this study indicate the weakness of traditional educational paradigms and authorities and the opening of new spaces for religious learning. This study complements previous work on Islamic religious education authorities.

13.
Energies ; 15(16):5908, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023306

ABSTRACT

If global energy consumption returns to its pre-pandemic growth rate, it will be almost impossible to transition to a zero-emission or net-zero-emission energy system by 2050 in the absence of large-scale CO2 removal. Since relying on unproven technologies for CO2 removal is speculative and risky, this paper considers an energy descent scenario for reaching zero greenhouse gas emissions from energy by 2050. To drive the rapid transition from fossil fuels to carbon-free energy sources and ensure demand reduction, funding is needed urgently in order to implement four strategies: (i) technology change, i.e., implementing the growth of zero-carbon energy production, end-use energy efficiency and ‘green’ energy carriers, together with ongoing R&D on CO2 removal;(ii) reducing climate impacts;(iii) reducing energy consumption by social and behavioural changes;and (iv) improving human wellbeing while increasing social justice. Modern monetary theory explains how monetary sovereign governments, with their own fiat currencies, can create the necessary funding without financial constraints, although constraints do result from the productive capacities of their economies. The energy transition could be part-funded by a significant transfer of resources from monetary sovereign countries of the global North to the global South, financed by currency issuance.

14.
Agriculture ; 12(8):1159, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023051

ABSTRACT

How to protect the ecological environment is an important international issue for achieving the sustainable development goals. Using survey data of 2628 farmers in 52 administrative villages in 13 prefecture-level cities of the China Land Economic Survey in 2020, probit and multinomial logistic regression models were used to explore the influence of social capital on farmers’ willingness, behavior and the transformation between willingness and behavior. The results show that: (1) The consistency between farmers’ willingness and behavior is low;90.25% of farmers had the willingness to separate waste, but only 48.49% of farmers had actually classified waste, and only 48.22% of farmers had transformed willingness into behavior. (2) Among the three dimensions of social capital, social network, social norm and social trust, all had positive and significant effects on farmers’ willingness and behavior to separate waste. (3) Social network and social norm had a positive and significant impact on the transformation of farmers’ willingness to separate waste into behavior, but social trust was not significant. The research results confirm that the contradiction between farmers’ intention and behavior of waste separation were generally inconsistent in rural areas. At the same time, the results showed that social capital can promote farmers’ willingness and behavior of waste separation and the transformation from a willingness to behavior, which can provide decision-making reference for how to improve farmers’ high willingness and behavior.

15.
Edunine2022 - Vi Ieee World Engineering Education Conference (Edunine): Rethinking Engineering Education after Covid-19: A Path to the New Normal ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2018713

ABSTRACT

The present work is an innovative educational strategy that uses a Final Integrative Work (FIW) as a method of evaluation of subjects of the Computer Engineering degree where students learn different subjects such as Artificial Intelligence and Databases, through real world problems related to COVID-19. The evaluation process through the FIW is based on several skills acquisition and by measuring the way in which students apply concepts of Databases and intelligent agents by means of numerical simulations that involves social behavior in times of the COVID-19 pandemic in the province of Tucuman, in the northwest of Argentina. The students carried out simulations of a multiagent system through the tool Netlogo, applying rules with a high impact factor for tackling a decision making problem. The results observed suggest that a paradigm shift in the degree evaluation processes is possible and necessary.

16.
Bee World ; 99(2):40-43, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2017037

ABSTRACT

This paper examined how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected those interested in honey bees and the outdoors. It was investigated whether being outdoors and/or beekeeping has been a benefit to mental health using personal stories, examples from research, beekeeping groups, communities and the health service. The increase in online beekeeping teaching resources has helped bring knowledge about bees to perhaps a wider audience than previously, but training to become a beekeeper does need a certain hands-on element with beehives in an apiary setting. This is not just in order to gain confidence in handling bees, but also to learn from other beekeepers, and to bond in a social context. Although it is clear from the personal contributions to this article that beekeeping has helped immensely during the time of the COVID-19 crisis, more scientific research is needed to quantify the actual wellbeing effects. However, watching bees feeding on the flowers in gardens and parks is without doubt a pleasurable activity, and can be done by everyone.

17.
Health Education and Health Promotion ; 10(3), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2012362

ABSTRACT

Aims: To investigate the effect of perceived stress and coping strategies among adults during COVID-19 outbreak (May and July 2020) in Karaj, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 792 adults (aged ≥18 years) using convenience sampling method. The relationship between age, general health, perceived stress, primary appraisal, secondary appraisal, and coping strategies as independent variables, and social functioning and emotional health as dependent variables was evaluated using pathway analysis. Data were analyzed using SPSS-19 and Lisrel software. Findings: The mean age of the participants was 38.87±8.73. Among the variables directly associated with emotional wellbeing in men, emotional coping has the most positive association (B=0.13) and problem coping has the most negative relation(B=0.022) and secondary appraisal has the most negative association indirectly (B=0.04). The perceived stress has the most effect on the social function in men indirectly (B=0.21), and secondary appraisal has the most positive relationship with social function in men indirectly (B=0.11). Further, perceived stress has the most negative association with social function among women in direct route (B=0.088) and general health has the most positive relationship in this regard (B=0.014). Conclusion: The perceived stress should be noticed and managed effectively to improve mental health. The emotion-focused coping can positively affect the emotional wellbeing and problem-focused coping negatively influences it. © 2022, Tarbiat Modares University. All rights reserved.

18.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(10-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2012248

ABSTRACT

Despite the worldwide increase in the unpartnered population, little research has examined what factors contribute to a satisfying single life. This is an important gap in the literature as the degree to which one is satisfied with one's relationship status has been shown to be a more important determinant of well-being than relationship status per se. In the present research, I examined situational (Studies 1-3) and individual factors (Studies 4-6B) related to a satisfying single life, with a focus on single individuals' social experiences. In the first three studies (N = 3,890), I examined if and how having satisfying relationships with family and friends or having a satisfying sexual life is associated with single individuals' satisfaction with singlehood. Results showed that having satisfying friendships and a sexually satisfying life were both associated with single individuals' feelings of satisfaction about being single. In the next four studies (N = 3,195), I drew on the Fundamental Social Motives Framework to examine single individuals' motivations to pursue different types of social experiences in relation to satisfaction with singlehood. Across two Western samples (primarily European and American) and one Korean sample (collected during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020-2021), I identified three different configurations of motives that exist within the single population. Importantly, the profile characterized by high independence motives in combination with low affiliation and mating motives seemed to be associated with greater satisfaction with singlehood compared to the profile characterized by strong interest in self-protection and social connections as well as the profile characterized by little interest in self-protection but moderate interest in affiliation. Despite considerable consistency, these profile features did not perfectly replicate in a smaller sample collected before the pandemic, highlighting the need to interpret the data with the historical background in mind. Overall, the present research provides novel evidence that maintaining satisfying friendships and sexual lives may contribute to a satisfying single life;at the same time, individuals oriented towards independence in the absence of strong interest in affiliation or romantic partnership may be prone to experiencing singlehood as more satisfying. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

19.
Revista Psicologia Organizacoes e Trabalho ; 21(4):1698-1706, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2011265

ABSTRACT

Health professionals took on an important role in the fight against the Covid-19 pandemic. It is understood that the current context requires attention to these workers, especially with regard to aspects that concern the work and mental health of the teams. Thus, this article aims to analyze the perception of professionals working in cancer hospitals about cooperation at work. Seventeen health professionals who work in cancer hospitals participated by answering a sociodemographic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview carried out by video-conference. Data were analyzed using the IRAMUTEQ software (Interface of R for Multi-Dimensional Text and Questionnaire Analysis). The results showed cooperation as a determinant in oncology work, especially through communication, as it is through this that trust is established and that individuals can build, together, new possibilities for action. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Portuguese) Os profissionais da saude assumiram um papel importante no enfrentamento contra pandemia da Covid-19. Nesse sentido, entende-se que o atual contexto requer atencao a esses trabalhadores, sobretudo no que se refere aos aspectos que concernem ao trabalho e a saude mental das equipes. Assim, esse artigo tem como objetivo analisar a percepcao dos profissionais que atuam em hospitais oncologicos acerca da cooperacao no trabalho. Participaram dessa pesquisa 17 profissionais da saude, que responderam a um questionario sociodemografico e a uma entrevista semiestruturada realizada por videoconferencia. Os dados foram analisados por meio do Software IRAMUTEQ (Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires). Os resultados evidenciaram a cooperacao como determinante no trabalho em oncologia, sobretudo por meio da comunicacao, pois e atraves dela que a confianca se estabelece e que os individuos podem construir, juntos, novas possibilidades de atuacao. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) Los profesionales de la salud asumieron un papel importante en la lucha contra la pandemia Covid-19. En este sentido, se entiende que el contexto actual requiere atencion a estos trabajadores, especialmente en lo que se refiere a aspectos que conciernen al trabajo y la salud mental de los equipos. Asi, este articulo tiene como objetivo analizar la percepcion de los profesionales que trabajan en los hospitales oncologicos sobre la cooperacion en el trabajo. Participaron de esta investigacion 17 profesionales de la salud, quienes respondieron un cuestionario sociodemografico y una entrevista semiestructurada realizada por videoconferencia. Los datos se analizaron utilizando el software IRAMUTEQ (R interface pour les Analyzes Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires). Los resultados mostraron que la cooperacion es un factor determinante en el trabajo oncologico, especialmente a traves de la comunicacion, ya que es a traves de ella que se establece la confianza y que los individuos pueden construir, juntos, nuevas posibilidades de accion. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

20.
Journal of Clinical Oncology ; 40(16), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009633

ABSTRACT

Background: Febrile neutropenia in patients receiving chemotherapy is a life-threatening condition requiring prompt attention. This condition may also result in dose reductions, delays, or discontinuations of chemotherapy which compromise patient outcomes. This study seeks to evaluate the impact of COVID19 “lockdown” public health measures in Ireland on the incidence of febrile neutropenia in patients who were receiving cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens. Methods: All patients receiving chemotherapy at the Bon Secours Hospital Cork who were admitted with neutropenia and fever during two separate time periods were included in the study: 1st April 2018 to 31st March 2019 (“pre-pandemic year”) and 1st April 2020 to 31st March 2021 (“pandemic year”). The pandemic year selected equates to a period of heightened infection control measures in Irish society, featuring public health advice re social distancing, routine mask wearing in public and successive lockdown waves. Retrospective chart review was performed on all patients admitted to the oncology inpatient ward who had blood cultures on admission to determine the number of these patients who were neutropenic at the time of blood culture draw. Similarly, pharmacy records were accessed to determine the number of unique chemotherapy items dispensed in each year in order to establish a rate of febrile neutropenia episodes per 100 chemotherapy items dispensed for each period. The incident rate ratio was calculated using the Exact Poisson Test. Results: During the pre-pandemic year there were 57 individual admissions with febrile neutropenia compared with 32 admissions during the pandemic year. There were 4581 chemotherapy units dispensed during the pre-pandemic year compared to 4628 during the pandemic year. The rate of febrile neutropenia episodes per 100 chemotherapy units dispensed was 1.24 (95% CI 0.94, 1.61) in the pre-pandemic year and 0.69 (95% CI 0.47, 0.98) in the pandemic year. The incident rate ratio is 1.80 (95% CI 1.14, 2.87, two-sided P = 0.007). 9 of 57 (16%) admissions in the pre-pandemic year were associated with positive blood cultures compared with 4 of 32 (13%) in the pandemic year (not significant by Fisher's exact test). Conclusions: Increased precautionary infection control measures during the COVID19 pandemic public health restrictions correlated with a significant reduction in the rate of febrile neutropenia amongst patients receiving cytotoxic chemotherapy. This suggests that there may be a role for similar measures for this patient cohort in the post-pandemic period. Options which patients may consider to employ include social distancing, wearing face-coverings and restricting social contacts while at risk of neutropenia from cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens.

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