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1.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(12)2022 Jun 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1884172

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has induced demanding work situations in intensive care units (ICU). The objective of our study was to survey psychological reactions, the disturbance of social life, work effort, and support in ICU nurses, physicians, and leaders. METHODS: From May to July 2020, this cross-sectional study included 484 ICU professionals from 27 hospitals throughout Norway. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were measured on Hopkins Symptom Checklist-10 (HSCL-10). Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were measured on the PCL-5. RESULTS: The study population were highly educated and experienced professionals, well prepared for working with COVID-ICU patients. However, 53% felt socially isolated and 67% reported a fear of infecting others. Probable cases of anxiety and depression were found in 12.5% of the registered nurses, 11.6% of the physicians, and 4.1% of the leaders. Younger age and <5 years previous work experiences were predictors for high HSCL-10 scores. Reported symptom-defined PTSD for nurses 7.1%; the leaders, 4.1%; and 2.3% of physicians. CONCLUSIONS: ICU health care professionals experienced talking with colleagues as the most helpful source of support. The COVID-ICU leaders reported a significantly higher mean score than physicians and nurses in terms of pushing themselves toward producing high work effort.

2.
16th Annual International Conference on European Integration (AICEI) ; : 32-42, 2021.
Article in English | English Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1880014

ABSTRACT

The global pandemic, COVID-19, has prevented much of the workforce from traveling to work to reduce the spread of the virus. This has resulted in employers and employees looking for alternative work arrangements, thus nowadays, remote working "enjoys" its momentum that is spreading more and more into the business practice. The remote work is considered to have a significant relation with job satisfaction;therefore, it has an impact on organizational efficacy and success. Yet,the new way of functioning arises questions on social interaction and work-family conflict. More specifically, remote working can result in physical and mental health issues, through the decreased level social interaction and work-family conflicts that have impact on the level of job satisfaction. The goal of this study is to explore the relationship between remote work and job satisfaction with focus on mediating role of social interaction and work-family conflict. In other words, the study examines the factors that affect the job satisfaction while working remotely and the changes that can be made in people's homes in order to provide them a sense of working atmosphere. Both aspects are of special importance because they can serve as a reference for designing ideas and changes in homes for the purpose of creating better working conditions.

3.
Theory and Practice in Language Studies ; 12(6):1098-1106, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1879697

ABSTRACT

Digital learning, social contact and COVID-19 outbreak are three different phrases have been often heard, read or spoken about since 2020. Undoubtedly, these phrases have brought fear of uncertainty, but also hope to find a new perspective to keep life matters on-going including learning in general, and language acquisition in particular. In order to find the impact of virtual learning and social contact on second language acquisition, a total of 389 second language university students have either online surveyed or been interviewed to validate the results and avoid any misleading. After analyzing the data, results revealed that virtual learning has given the learner a chance to develop understanding of different aspects of learning a second language. Flexibility, free-learning, and richness of knowledge source are positive aspects of virtual learning. Likewise, social contact has an essential role in deepen the understanding of contextual use, semantics and lexis, and other aspects of second language acquisition. Interestingly, both social and virtual aspects of learning motivate the learner to reach language mastery. Therefore, the findings urge the use of virtual learning regarding social contact in developing linguistic skills in second language acquisition. Further insights are recommended to enrich the future research in this topic.

4.
Comprehensive Psychiatry ; 116, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1876948

ABSTRACT

AimThis study aimed to enhance knowledge on which aspects of the family context are most relevant in identifying at-risk/problematic social media users among adolescents. Therefore, we examined the relative contribution to adolescents' at-risk/problematic social media use (SMU) of general and Internet-specific family factors related to three different family (sub)systems: parent-child (Internet-specific rule-setting, reactive restrictions towards Internet use, co-use, adolescents' involvement in rule-setting and positive parenting), parent (parental screen time, phubbing, stress, anxiety and depression) and family (family functioning, family intactness and SES) (sub)system.MethodsQuestionnaire data came from 403 adolescents (M = 13.51, SD = 2.15) and 396 parents (M = 46.59, SD = 5.29) who participated in wave 1 of the Dutch ‘Digital Family project’.ResultsLogistic regression analyses showed that only factors related to the parent-child subsystem remained significant in predicting being an at-risk/problematic social media user when examining predictors related to the parent-child, parent and family (sub)system simultaneously. Specifically, general and Internet-specific parenting practices contributed to the prediction above and beyond each other. Positive parenting and Internet-specific rule-setting seem protective, while parental reactive restrictions towards Internet use could be a risk factor. Positive parenting showed the largest effect size.ConclusionThe results suggest that parental behaviors directed towards the child should be a focus of attention in prevention of adolescents' problematic SMU. In addition, our findings highlight the importance of untangling restrictive mediation (impulsive, in the moment, attempts to limit SMU versus communicating clear rules in advance) when examining its effects.

5.
Journal of Communicable Diseases ; 2022:3-8, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1876396

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 pandemic has created thelargest disruption in education systems in history. Numerous medical institutions have shifted to online teaching with the hope to reduce viral transmission. Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of online teaching and traditional teaching in the domains of collaborative learning, critical thinking skills and social interaction and to describe the advantages and difficulties faced in online learning by MBBS students. Materials and Methods: Anonline-based cross-sectional study was conducted fromMay 2021 to August 2021 in a private medical college in Salem district of Tamil Nadu, India. Among the 600 MBBS students attending online classes from the first year to final year MBBS, 574 students consented tothe study through mail and were studied using a semi-structured questionnaire prepared in Google form and sent through mail. Descriptive analysis was done and the association between the categorical variables were tested using chi-square test. Results: Traditional way of teaching was perceived to improve the critical thinking skills (p <0.0006), social interaction skills (p<0.044) and collaborative learning (p <0.01) more than online teaching. Advantages of online teaching identified were comfortable learning environment (38%) easier for slow learners (19%), learning at their own pace (18%) etc. Difficulties faced in online teaching were technical difficulties (62%), lack of self-motivation (61%), time management (56%) etc. Conclusion: Challenges faced by the students need to be identified earlier and Governments/educational institutions can focus more on removing the barriers to connectivity. © 2022 Indian Society for Malaria and Communicable Diseases. All rights reserved.

6.
Indian Journal of Poultry Science ; 56(1):75-80, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1876085

ABSTRACT

A well-structured specifically developed questionnaire with 31 questions was circulated among residents in Tamil Nadu via social networking sites such as Facebook, Email, WhatsApp, and Twitter starting on 1411' August 2020 to 24m August 2020.181 out of 350 participants contacted, responded to the online survey (52%). Among the respondents (181), 30%, 21%, and 0.3% were male, female, and third gender, respectively. There was no substantial change in the consumption pattern of eggs during the COVID-19 lock-down period. However, there was a 5% reduction in the consumption of poultry meat and egg on Sunday's during the COVID-19 lock-down period. There was a marginal increase in the purchase of poultry eggs among the respondents who usually buy less than 6 eggs per week for their family and a marginal reduction in the (-4%) in the purchase of poultry eggs among the respondents purchasing 12-24 eggs per week for their family. The regular quantity of chicken meat consumed per family per week is up to 2 kgs. There was a 6% reduction in the consumption of chicken meat among the respondents consuming 1 to 2 kg per week for their family during the COVID-19 lock-down period. This survey highlights the need for constant awareness among the general public as 36% of respondents were unaware of the about non-transmission of COVID-19 through chicken meat and egg. fry.

7.
Sustainability ; 14(10):6058, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871602

ABSTRACT

The contemporary way of life influences the forms and time framework of outdoor activities in open public spaces, shifting their focus to nighttime usage. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the limits of existing outdoor lighting design standards and recommendations in terms of livability. As an exploratory case study, the Sava waterfront in New Belgrade, Serbia was chosen. The methodology consisted of theoretical research and specific analysis, which included: (1) mapping the spatial distribution of users during several periods of the day;(2) criteria and indicator network analysis of outdoor lighting quality, and (3) a survey with a questionnaire conducted among the users of the waterfront area. The results showed that lighting design can influence overall open public space usage during nighttime through its parameters. It can affect the spatial distribution of users and their sense of safety and comfort, as well as the duration, frequency, and manner of usage. This study could improve planning and design practices regarding outdoor lighting, enabling more active and inclusive usage of open public spaces, thus increasing the overall livability of spaces and their social sustainability.

8.
Sustainability ; 14(10):6209, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871390

ABSTRACT

Promoting the sustainable development of rural EFL students’ English ability is a vital issue in the general curriculum guidelines of Taiwan’s 12-Year Basic Education. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a Facebook project on developing rural EFL learners’ email literacy in English. There were two participant groups: (1) six university English majors and (2) 12 ninth-graders from a rural junior high school. The instruments included a multiple-choice awareness task (MCT), a written discourse completion task (WDCT), a perception questionnaire, interviews, and teaching journals. The university students first received a training session on email literacy, and then they taught the ninth-graders invitation email-writing through Facebook interactions for eight weeks. The results showed that after the project, the ninth-graders made significant improvements when completing the MCT. As for the quality of their emails, the ninth-graders not only scored significantly higher in the post-test but also made qualitative progress in their invitation emails. Furthermore, both participant groups had positive perceptions of this project and indicated the strengths and weaknesses of their participation. This paper concludes with pedagogical implications for English education in Taiwan.

9.
Sustainability ; 14(10):5845, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871152

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study is to investigate the role that knowledge creation and knowledge transfer processes play in family firm intergenerational succession in Thailand. An exploratory qualitative case study approach is used. Interviews were conducted with successors and predecessors of small, medium and large Thai firms that have undergone leadership succession within the past five years (30 firms, for n = 60 interviews). Data were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis approach. There were 16 different knowledge approaches identified that are undertaken by the successor. These processes are commonplace to firms, including formal and informal, internal and external processes of knowledge creation and transfer. Most of these occur at different stages of preparation for succession (pre-succession, transition and succession stages). While some knowledge approaches are used across firms, others are specific to small or large firms. These knowledge approaches and stages were used to develop a knowledge process model for family firm succession. The research develops an original model of the knowledge processes associated with family firm succession. This model, which incorporates a staged succession model with the knowledge processes identified, explains how and why knowledge creation and transfer occur during the succession process.

10.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(5):1593-1613, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1870628

ABSTRACT

In India, nearly 70% of the people live in rural villages. In rural villages farmer's main income source is agriculture. Now everyone has been listening the word COVID-19 through Television, News papers, word of mouth and Social Networking sites etc., however COVID-19 is the name given by the World Health Organization on 11th February, 2020 for the disease caused by the novel corona virus SARS-CoV-2(Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2). It started in Wuhan, China in late 2019 and has since spread worldwide. COVID-19 is an acronym that stands for corona virus disease of 2019. The pandemic is impacting global as well as domestic food systems especially agriculture sector. The WHO declared the COVID-19 disease to be a global pandemic. Along with the Central, State Governments have announced several policy decisions to prevent and contain the spread of the virus in their respective states. The present study focused the impacts of covid -19 on agri farmers in drought affected districts of Andhra Pradesh. The main objectives of the study are;To evaluate the impacts of covid-19 on agriculture farmers in drought affected districts of Andhra Pradesh, to examine the causes for spreading of covid-19 pandemic virus, to examine what are the precautions taken for covid-19 by the government of Andhra Pradesh for to prevent and contain the spread of the virus. This research study uses primary as well as secondary data of research. For data analysis purpose this research study uses SPSS software. Finally, this research study exhibits that how much agri farmers lost by covid-19 pandemic and what are the precautions taken by the government of AP. Along with this, this research study explains what are the precautions to be follow to people during covid-19 pandemic. This research study gives huge scope for further studies.

11.
23rd IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia (ISM) ; : 204-205, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1868546

ABSTRACT

With the increasing popularity of e-commerce and the coronavirus situation, an increasing number of shoppers are opting for online shopping because of store closures and their fear of contracting the coronavirus in public. While conventional retail provides consumers with a full spectrum of interaction, online shopping has been deficient in these types of experiences. Therefore, the virtual reality technology is used to bridge the gap between the two shopping techniques and create a more natural and intuitive shopping environment. The aim of this research is to investigate how, in a virtual store environment, consumers' interaction affect their shopping experience. A virtual supermarket with the interaction facility was designed. An experiment was conducted to track the effect of the social interaction on the consumers using different metrics. The results showed that consumers' social interaction in the form of avatar-mediated communication has a beneficial impact on their social presence. It also demonstrates that consumers felt more immersed and socially engaged to the shopping environment via the social interaction among avatars.

12.
B-ENT ; 17(2):62, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1869993
13.
Rheumatology (United Kingdom) ; 61(SUPPL 1):i96, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1868407

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims Your Rheum is a UK young person's research advisory group, for those aged 11-24 years and diagnosed with a rheumatic condition. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, Your Rheum engaged with its members and researchers at face-to-face meetings, offering online activities to enable broader involvement. Aim(s) to explore the advantages and disadvantages of conducting research involvement activities virtually, from the perspectives of both young people and researchers. Methods Online surveys were sent to Your Rheum members and researchers, who have engaged with the Group virtually over the past 12 months. 8/ 16 young people responded and 3/6 researchers. Results Many young people commented on the convenience of meetings taking place virtually, allowing more young people to be involved regardless of location. Some highlighted that face-to-face meetings were often too far to travel to. For example. as one young person highlighted 'no travel is required so it is much less of a whole-day commitment, meaning it is much easier and more likely that I will be able to attend.' Similarly, researchers who responded also stated the convenient aspect to conducting virtual activities. Additionally, for some young people, speaking online is easier and more comfortable than face-to-face communication;with some expressing, there is less pressure to contribute to discussions. One researcher noted a positive feature was the ability to switch cameras off, helping younger or quieter members to participate. However, a number of young people felt the opposite was true and have found virtual meetings difficult to contribute to, 'it is more stressful everyone is looking at you and no one else is speaking. The format of having meetings online also makes the whole event feel much more formal which means that it can be quite intimidating to speak.' Difficulty building virtual relationships and connections was a significant disadvantage. This was highlighted by over half of respondents, who reported that it is easier to get to know others in person as you have the opportunity to deviate from the topic being discussed, allowing for natural conversations to occur. As one young person poignantly noted, online meetings 'lacking true human connection'. From a researcher perspective, the subtle insights gained from face-to-face interactions were missing. Conclusion This study has highlighted strengths of conducting research involvement activities virtually. For example, logistics and convenience, and for some young people, the development of personal skills such as speaking to others. However, the formal and rigid nature of virtual meetings makes interacting and connecting with other people difficult. Moving forward, Your Rheum will take a blended approach to activities (frequent virtual meetings, as well as bi-annual face-to-face meetings). When planning virtual meetings, consideration to social interactions and opportunities to get to know one another remains important for young people.

14.
Rheumatology (United Kingdom) ; 61(SUPPL 1):i49-i50, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1868371

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims The COVID-19 pandemic placed patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) at increased risk of poor outcomes as a result of their condition, compounded by use of immunosuppressant medication, and higher prevalence of comorbidities. As a consequence, some patients were instructed within the UK to follow strict guidelines to 'shield', severely restricting routine social interactions. This study explored patients' longitudinal experiences of living with RA during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods Patients with rheumatoid arthritis, from a community hospital-based rheumatology service, participated in two semi-structured telephone interviews at baseline in autumn 2020 and 2-4 months later. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was undertaken by two members of the research team with input from two patient partners (KR and MB). Results 15 participants (9 females, 10 retired, age range 45-79 years) were interviewed twice. Five themes were identified: i) fear, ii) social wellbeing, iii) physical health, iv) pre-existing self-management of RA as a coping mechanism, and v) vulnerability. The overriding emotion was one of fear of contracting COVID-19, which remained high throughout both interviews. Fear was influenced by patients' existing knowledge of their RA and medications and the presence of other significant co-morbidities. Further influences on fear included mainstream media reports (increasing reporting of deaths and new variants) and personal knowledge (family and friends who had contracted COVID-19). The impact on social wellbeing became more pronounced as remote communications could not replicate the benefits of physical interaction. Participants reported no impact on their physical health, with increased rest resulting from restricted social interaction perceived to be beneficial. Many participants utilised the resilience they had learned as a result of having RA to cope, including stress management, pacing, and exercise. Being categorised as 'clinically extremely vulnerable' led to a reassessment of self-identity, with participants not wanting to be perceived as being weak or helpless. Finally, many participants used lockdown to reflect on and reassess their personal priorities. Conclusion This longitudinal interview study with 15 people with RA highlights that the main impact of the pandemic appeared to be on emotional wellbeing brought about by fear of COVID-19, later compounded by lack of social interaction. In this small study, participants' physical health was reported to be stable and participants were able to use self-management skills to cope. The realisation of the seriousness of contracting COVID-19 led to feelings of vulnerability and a reassessment of self-identity. The study raises important issues for those providing healthcare to people with RA, including effective communication with awareness of its likely impact, using pre-existing selfmanagement strategies to enhance wellbeing, and recognition of the potential for social isolation and the implications thereof.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; 43(3):413-416, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1865667

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand social anxiety and relevant factors among graduate students under the normalization stage of COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control.

16.
Shiraz E Medical Journal ; 23(5), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1865633

ABSTRACT

Background: One of the symptoms of mental health disorders is social isolation which refers to unfavorable social relationships with other people. Today, Internet use is an important predictor of social isolation. Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between Internet use and social isolation (objective-subjective) in young and middle-aged individuals in the city of Shiraz.

17.
Current Issues in Tourism ; 25(9):1432-1450, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1864874

ABSTRACT

Building on proxemics theory and social exchange theory, this study investigated how different levels of psychological social distancing, protective wears, and social interactions influence customers' perceived risk, social exchange with service employees and their intention to avoid dining in restaurants under the 'new normal' of COVID-19. Using an experimental design with a total of 404 participants in US, this study shows that regardless of social distancing measures, both protective wear and social interaction levels can significantly influence customers' risk perception and social exchange quality. The study contributes to the tourism and hospitality literature by providing a timely understanding of customers' psychological perceptions, and responses of dining in restaurants during this difficult transition time. More importantly, this study adds hard empirical evidence to the current debate of restaurant re-open measures beyond widely circulating opinion pieces.

18.
Current Issues in Tourism ; 25(9):1509-1525, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1864872

ABSTRACT

In view of the unprecedented challenge currently facing the cruising industry, this research explored how online expressions in cruise tourism Facebook groups in Israel were affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. Using social exchange theory and uses and gratification theory we analyze types of messages and ideas informing Facebook posts, and the broad social meanings that can be inferred from them. In order to gain understanding of this online culture, themes were identified by netnography (virtual ethnography) that stressed a need for information to cope with the sudden cruise shutdown consequences. The findings also reflected a belief in public discussion, including sharing nostalgic moments of past cruises as a helpful tool for cruise tourism professionals to cope with the disappointment and fear of the unknown caused by the global pandemic. Furthermore, group member solidarity and the changing role of Facebook group administrators from objective representatives to intermediaries on behalf of cruise lines were highlighted.

19.
Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics ; 23(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1862177

ABSTRACT

Background: Down syndrome (DS) is characterized by variable degrees of intellectual disability (ID). The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) lockdown prevented children with DS from reaching their rehabilitation facilities. This could have led to deterioration of their abilities and mental health hazards. The aim of this cohort study was to investigate frequency of COVID-19, the influence of COVID-19 pandemic on health, and some abilities of children with DS, and to explore factors that could have governed receiving home-based training during the lockdown. A survey of 150 individuals with Down syndrome was answered by their caregivers. Additionally, 135 participants were subjected to assessment of cognitive, language, and motor abilities using Portage program. They were divided into 2 groups: group I who received online therapy sessions during the lockdown and group II who did not receive sessions. Logistic regression was used to determine the factors which influenced getting home-based training. Results: The percentage of COVID-19 cases was 3.3%. All evaluated abilities were reduced despite receiving online sessions particularly language performance (P < 0.001). Male gender, having severe ID and low parental education were among the factors which encouraged parents to get virtual training. Conclusion: COVID-19 pandemic had a negative impact on the abilities of DS children even those who got rehabilitation sessions. Their dependence on social interaction could have limited the benefit of virtual sessions. Factors that influence a parent’s decision to get home-based training should be monitored and targeted in order to overcome obstacles or concepts that may prevent families from enduring home-based intervention.

20.
Information Communication and Society ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1860541

ABSTRACT

During COVID-19, there has been an unprecedented rise of videoconferencing use, primarily through Zoom. This increasingly popularity of Zoom has led to growing debates about its negative health impacts. In particular, ‘Zoom fatigue’ is a rapidly popularizing phenomena that describes the mental exhaustion or burnout arising from Zoom use. However, the specific mechanisms through which Zoom leads to Zoom fatigue are not well understood. To fill this gap, this study tested a mediated model linking Zoom use with the camera on (‘ZUC’) to Zoom fatigue, through the mediator of social interaction anxiety on Zoom, with a survey sample from the United Kingdom. It was also posited that self-monitoring positively moderated the effects of ZUC on social interaction anxiety on Zoom. The results demonstrated that the direct effects of ZUC on Zoom fatigue was significant and positive. The paper also showed that social interaction anxiety on Zoom increased Zoom fatigue. However, ZUC failed to indirectly increase Zoom fatigue due to the insignificant effects of ZUC on social interaction anxiety on Zoom. Self-monitoring also did not moderate the insignificant relationship between ZUC and social interaction anxiety on Zoom. These insights can guide conceptual frameworks for future research exploring the social psychological impacts of digital media on health. © 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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