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1.
Campbell Systematic Reviews ; 18(3), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2027325

ABSTRACT

This is the protocol for a Campbell Evidence Gap Map. The main objectives of the EGM are: establish the nature and extent of the primary empirical evidence on informal social support interventions, identify interventions and clusters of evidence suitable for systematic review/evidence synthesis and identify gaps in the evidence on informal social support interventions.

2.
J Behav Health Serv Res ; 2022 Apr 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2027623

ABSTRACT

Little is known about factors that contribute to mental health help-seeking during disasters beyond attitudes toward counseling. The COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) global pandemic dramatically impacted individuals, families, and communities worldwide. The pandemic led to significant disruptions to family routines, and evidence suggests an increase in instances of mental health symptoms, like depression and anxiety, and poor utilization of mental health services. To better understand psychological factors associated with help-seeking during the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers surveyed respondents (n = 1,533 at time 1) about their mental health and help-seeking using Amazon's MTurk platform. The results indicated that individuals with higher levels of anxiety rate their likelihood of help-seeking as higher and those who do seek psychological help report higher levels of depression. Further, those who began new treatment for behavioral health difficulties during the COVID-19 pandemic reported lower social support and less clarity about how they felt (specifically, emotional clarity when upset). Implications for clinical researchers and public health are discussed.

3.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-343256

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 and its socio-political implications have been experienced as traumatic for many people. Given that post-traumatic growth is a well-established phenomenon, we predicted that post-traumatic growth (PTG) occurred widely during the first two years of the pandemic. The extent to which PTG occurs is affected by numerous personal and social characteristics. The current study hypothesised that greater reports of meaning presence, searching for meaning, optimism and social support can significantly predict variance in post-traumatic growth during the COVID-19 pandemic. Members of the general adult population (n = 129) were recruited via online forums and completed questionnaires online. A multiple regression analysis established that the searching for / presence of meaning, optimism and social support collectively explained significant variance in post-traumatic growth. Searching for meaning was observed as the most significantly positively correlated with post-traumatic growth, indicating its importance for individuals dealing with the trauma of the pandemic. This finding provides wider implications for clinical practices seeking the most effective methods in supporting individuals troubled by the COVID-19 pandemic.

4.
Wiad Lek ; 75(8 pt 1):1827-1831, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2026693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim: The current Cross-Sectional study investigated the psychosocial effects on recovered Covid 19 patients in a General Hospital in Greece. It was investigated the impact of Covid 19 on levels of social support, loneliness, resilience & PTSD. Furthermore, the correlation between all the above factors was studied. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 107 adult patients participated. The questionnaire was fulfilled after signature of consensus form. This happened after their discharge from the hospital, without exclusion of infected on previous time. The questionnaire included 5 particular sections: a) Socio-demographic characteristics, b) social support scale, c) IES Covid 19 scale, d) UCLA scale e) CD-Risc scale. In terms of statistical analysis, the comparison between two groups of quantitative variables was conducted through Student's t-test. Related to examination of relationship between two quantitative variables was used Pearson's correlation coefficient (r). The Statistical analysis package used was SPSS 22. RESULTS: Results: The 55,1% of sample were women, married (57,9 %) and (39,3%) university graduates. Moreover, the rate of overweight was significant (39,3%). Related to psychosocial factors, observed high level of resilience (70,6), moderate level of loneliness (39,1) and 57,9% of participants showed moderate social support. At last, PTSD level as a result of Covid 19 was moderate (33,5). A strong correlation was observed between higher mental resilience and lower feelings of loneliness. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The levels of determining factors of negative psychological effects, reveal the need for a preparation of political improvement policies in relation to mental health of rehabilitated persons, as well as the promotion of actions that would contribute to the development of a more effective supportive framework.

5.
Postmodern Openings / Deschideri Postmoderne ; 13(3):472-486, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2025980

ABSTRACT

The Covid 19 pandemic, is a period with a strong impact in all areas of the families, their social, economic, political and educational life. The rules and sanitary measures to prevent the spread of the pandemic, the educational policies, as well as the isolation, quarantine of some teachers, imposed the transition from classical education to online one. This transition, and also the need for digitalization, have led to major changes in teaching activity and implicitly have affected the well-being of teachers. The present study investigates the psychological reactions of 73 teachers as well as the effectiveness of a psychological intervention applied to 15 teachers, who showed severe psychological reactions during the pandemic period. The motivation of the study derives from the need to offer quick methods and techniques for managing the emotional states they went through. The psychological intervention model presented in the article, aims to reduce the symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression that teachers experience during a pandemic situations, and also to help them apply psychological intervention techniques to regain their well-being). [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Postmodern Openings / Deschideri Postmoderne is the property of Lumen Publishing House and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

6.
Journal of Psychiatric Nursing ; 13(2):115-124, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2025729

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The outbreak of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) quickly reached pandemic status. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of anxiety, the factors affecting anxiety, and the relationship between anxiety and perceived social support during the early period of the pandemic in Türkiye. Methods: A total of 405 females and 127 males (n=532) were enrolled in the study. The age range of the participants was 18-73 years, with a mean age of 30.95 years. A demographic information form, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support were used to collect data using an online format. Since the data did not show normal distribution, the Mann-Whitney U test, the Kruskal-Wallis test, and the Spearman correlation coefficient were utilized in the analysis. Results: The findings indicated that 77.8% of the individuals participating in the study had a mild level of anxiety, 10.3% demonstrated a moderate level of anxiety, and 11.8% displayed a severe level of anxiety. The female participants had a higher level of anxiety than the male respondents. The anxiety level of those who constantly followed the news about the virus and those who only partially implemented the precautions suggested by the experts was high. The length of time spent at home in self-isolation and changes to work conditions did not create a significant difference in the level of anxiety. A negative correlation was observed between anxiety and perceived social support from family and friends, however, support from another significant person, such as a fiancé, was not significant. Conclusion: The pandemic had a negative impact on mental health;however, social support played a protective role. Various examples from the literature are provided to provide relevant context. © 2022 by Journal of Psychiatric Nursing.

7.
Relations Industrielles ; 77(2), 2022.
Article in French | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2025307

ABSTRACT

L’épidémie de COVID-19 a entraîné des vagues de confinement dans le monde entier et obligé des milliers de salariés à travailler isolés les uns des autres. Cette situation inédite a engendré de lourds inconvénients en matière de conditions de travail et de hauts niveaux d’épuisement professionnel chez les salariés. Dans ce contexte, les organisations ont essayé d’accompagner au mieux leurs collaborateurs, notamment en renforçant le rôle du manager direct. L’objectif de cette recherche est de déterminer si le soutien social du manager a été en mesure de modérer les effets négatifs de la charge de travail et de la charge mentale sur l’épuisement professionnel des salariés sous l’angle du modèle exigences/ressources de Bakker et Demerouti (2007). Pour cela, nous avons réalisé une enquête par questionnaire auprès de 5 495 salariés d’une branche de la Sécurité sociale française durant le confinement de novembre et décembre 2021. Nos résultats montrent que le soutien social du manager direct n’est pas en mesure de modérer l’effet des conditions de travail sur l’épuisement professionnel des salariés à domicile, et n’y arrive que modestement pour les salariés uniquement sur site. Néanmoins, ce soutien a un impact direct fort sur l’épuisement professionnel, quel que soit le lieu de travail, bien que cet effet soit nettement plus fort pour les salariés uniquement sur site. Nos conclusions viennent donc interpeller les travaux antérieurs qui présentent le soutien social du manager direct comme une ressource modératrice efficace face aux problématiques de santé au travail (Karasek et Theorell, 1990 ;Häusser et al., 2010 ;Aronsson et al., 2017 ;Hager, 2018). Toutefois, le contexte inédit de la crise sanitaire semble confirmer que l’isolement réduit le soutien social ressenti par les télétravailleurs et oblige les managers à fournir des efforts supplémentaires pour leur en prodiguer (Winkler, 2001). Précis Durant la crise sanitaire liée à l’épidémie de COVID-19, des milliers de salariés français ont été contraints de travailler isolés les uns des autres. Cette situation inédite a engendré de lourds inconvénients en matière de conditions de travail, entraînant de hauts niveaux d’épuisement professionnel. L’objectif de cette recherche est de déterminer si le soutien social du manager direct est en mesure de modérer les effets négatifs des conditions de travail sur l’épuisement professionnel des salariés en période de crise sanitaire. Les résultats montrent que ce soutien a un impact direct sur l’épuisement professionnel, quel que soit le lieu de travail. Cependant, il n’est pas en mesure de modérer l’effet des conditions de travail sur l’épuisement professionnel des salariés à domicile, et n’y arrive que modestement pour les salariés sur site.Alternate :The COVID-19 pandemic has caused lockdowns worldwide and compelled thousand employees to work isolated from each other. This unprecedented situation has caused heavy drawbacks in terms of work conditions and high levels of professional exhaustion. The purpose of this research is to determine if social support of direct supervisors was able to moderate negative effects of workload and mental load on professional exhaustion, from the point of view of the Job Demands Resources Model of Bakker and Demerouti (2007) To do this, we conducted a digital questionnaire survey with 5,495 workers of a branch of the French social security services during the lockdown of winter 2021. Our results show that social support of a direct supervisor does not moderate negative effects of work conditions for teleworkers and can only moderate them modestly for on-site workers. Nevertheless, this support has a strong direct impact on professional exhaustion, whatever the place of work, although this effect is much stronger for on-site workers. Our conclusions challenge previous research which presents social support of direct supervisors as an effective moderator resource against occupational health problems (Karasek and Theorell, 1990 ;Häusser et al., 2010 ;Aronsson et al., 2017 ;Hager, 2018). However, the unprecedented context of the COVID-19 sanitary crisis seems to validate that isolation reduces the social support felt by teleworkers and compels supervisors to provide additional efforts to provide it to them (Winkler, 2001).

8.
Canadian Social Work Review ; 39(1):63-80, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2025304

ABSTRACT

This study explores urban social workers’ experiences working the front lines during COVID-19’s first wave. It aims to uncover social workers’ shifts in roles and responsibilities across the health and social service network, to illuminate how these shifts impacted them, and ultimately to derive meaning from these experiences to inform future directions for the profession. Eight social workers from a range of contexts were interviewed. Our analyses revealed that, while all participants described some negatives of front-line pandemic work, the frequency and intensity of these moments were exacerbated by organizational and policy responses. When social workers were expected to work outside of their scope of practice, when their skills were overlooked or underutilized, and when their organizational contexts focused on individual distress rather than collective support, they reported intensified periods of distress. If we hope to retain the health and wellbeing of our workforce and preserve the value of the profession, systemic preventative responses must take priority. Building opportunities for collective on-going peer support and debriefing, leveraging the expertise of social workers to address psychosocial issues, and including the voices of front-line workers in the development of solutions to pandemic-related hardships may help reduce social work distress and improve front-line workers’ responses to social issues.Alternate :Cette étude explore les expériences des travailleuses sociales et des travailleurs sociaux de première ligne en milieu urbain durant la première vague de COVID-19. Elle vise à mettre en lumière les changements de rôles et de responsabilités dans le réseau de la santé et des services sociaux, afin de montrer comment ces changements les ont affectés et prendre en compte ces expériences pour les orientations futures de la profession. Huit travailleuses sociales et travailleurs sociaux de différents milieux ont été interviewés. Nos analyses suggèrent que bien que tous les participants aient vécu des expériences négatives dans le cadre du travail de première ligne durant la pandémie, la fréquence et l’intensité de ces expériences ont été exacerbées par les politiques et le contexte organisationnel. Les travailleuses sociales et les travailleurs sociaux ont signalé des périodes de détresse plus importantes lorsqu’ils devaient oeuvrer en dehors de leur champ de pratique, que leurs compétences n’étaient pas prises en compte ou qu’elles étaient sous-utilisées et que les contextes organisationnels priorisaient la détresse individuelle plutôt que le soutien collectif. Si nous voulons maintenir la santé et le bien-être de nos travailleuses et travailleurs, et préserver la valeur de notre profession, il importe d’interventir de manière systémique et préventive. Des strategies telles que le soutien collectif par les pairs, le debriefing, la mobilisation de l’expertise des travailleuses sociales et des travailleurs sociaux pour intervenir au plan psychosocial, et l’inclusion des voix des travailleuses et travailleurs de première ligne dans le développement de solutions pour répondre aux difficultés reliées à la pandémie pourraient aider à réduire la détresse et améliorer leur réponse aux problèmes sociaux.

9.
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte ; 22(3):238-251, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2025267

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to verify the relationship between physical activity (PA) with health-related quality (HQOL) of life domains in children and adolescents during COVID-19 social distancing. A Cross-sectional and analytical study with a quantitative approach in a sample of 119 girls and 121 boys. Questionnaires and statistical methods were applied. The correlation between PA and HQOL was stronger in boys (46.9%) than girls (14.5%), which may be explained because there is a considerable and stronger relationship between age, and the school grade with HQOL in girls. In conclusion, physical activity was associated with the quality of life of children and adolescents during social distance due to the COVID-19. These findings show the importance of this population to remain physically active so that health parameters are not affected during this period © Copyright 2018: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia

10.
Psicoperspectivas ; 20(3):1-13, 2021.
Article in Spanish | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2025060

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic and the health crisis have highlighted and accentuated certain socioeconomic, age and gender inequalities in Chile. In this qualitative article, we ask ourselves about the transformations and diverse practices developed by two groups of different ages women in response to the policies and measures adopted in Chile during the COVID-19 pandemic. From a qualitative approach, we worked with semi-structured interviews with working mothers and older women and carried out an analysis guided by grounded theory. The results show that COVID-19 measures produced several disruptions in the daily lives of both groups, especially in their routines, use of space and time;the reconfiguration and reduction of their social and support networks to cope with the crisis, and bodily and emotional effects caused by the overload of various reproductive, care and productive tasks. We conclude that women themselves generated diverse strategies to confront the crisis experienced in the pandemic, without any action by the State to address gender and age inequalities. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) La pandemia de Covid-19 y la crisis sanitaria en Chile han evidenciado y acentuado ciertas desigualdades socioeconomicas, de edad y genero. En este articulo de caracter cualitativo, nos preguntamos por las transformaciones y las diversas practicas desarrolladas por dos grupos de mujeres de distintas edades ante las politicas y medidas adoptadas en Chile durante la pandemia de Covid-19. Desde una aproximacion cualitativa, se trabajo con entrevistas semiestructuradas a mujeres madres trabajadoras y mujeres mayores y se llevo a cabo un analisis orientado por la teoria fundamentada. Los resultados muestran que las medidas COVID-19 produjeron diversas disrupciones en la vida cotidiana de ambos grupos de mujeres, especialmente en sus rutinas, usos de espacios y sus tiempos;la reconfiguracion y reduccion de sus redes sociales y de apoyo para enfrentar la crisis, y afectaciones corporales y emocionales producidas por la sobrecarga de diversas labores reproductivas, de cuidados y productivas. Concluimos que fueron las propias mujeres quienes generaron diversas estrategias para enfrentar la crisis vivida en pandemia, sin una actuacion del Estado que atendiera las desigualdades de genero y edad. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

11.
Psicoperspectivas ; 20(3):1-13, 2021.
Article in Spanish | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2025058

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic and mandatory quarantine, people with high levels of economic limitations (NALE) were more vulnerable to the decrease in business activities. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to compare an Argentine sample of people with low levels of financial limitations (n=344) with another with NALE (n=109). Social support, some psychological symptoms, and several components related to contagion with COVID-19 were analyzed. The non-probabilistic sample was collected online, and the differences were calculated through multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). The results showed that participants with NALE scored higher concerning symptoms and lower in relation to social support. The two exceptions consisted of psychoticism and the need for support, where no significant differences were found. It is concluded that, applying the multidimensional vision of social exclusion, the fact that no significant differences were found in relation to the need for support could be considered a key for future research and even public interventions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) Durante la pandemia del COVID-19 y la cuarentena obligatoria, las personas con niveles altos de limitaciones economicas (NALE) tenian mayor grado de vulnerabilidad ante la disminucion de las actividades comerciales. Por eso, el objetivo del presente estudio comprendio un estudio de diferencias de grupos entre una muestra argentina de personas con niveles bajos de limitaciones economicas (n=344) y otra con NALE (n=109). Para ello, se analizaron el apoyo social, determinados sintomas psicologicos y varios componentes relacionados al contagio con el COVID-19. La muestra no probabilistica se recogio por Internet y las diferencias se calcularon a traves del analisis multivariante de la varianza (MANOVA). Los resultados evidenciaron que los participantes con NALE puntuaron mas alto con respecto a los sintomas y mas bajo con relacion al apoyo social. Las dos excepciones consistian en el psicoticismo y la necesidad de apoyo, donde no se encontraron diferencias significativas. Se concluye que, aplicando la vision multidimensional de la exclusion social, el hecho que no se encontraron diferencias significativas con relacion a la necesidad de apoyo podria considerarse una clave para futuras investigaciones e incluso intervenciones publicas. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

12.
Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto, Online) ; 32: e3217, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-2022156

ABSTRACT

Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic exerted a tremendous toll on individuals' mental health. This study aimed to examine the associations between men's common mental disorders (CMD), intolerance of uncertainty (IU), and social support (SS). A cross-sectional online study was carried out in all Brazilian states. Participants were 1.006 adult men recruited through social media using a snowball technique. Men completed the Self-Report Questionnaire-20, the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, the Two-Way Social Support Scale, and a sociodemographic questionnaire. In addition, a t-Test and a regression analysis were performed. Men in the clinical group reported significantly higher levels of IU and lower levels of SS. Furthermore, SS moderated the relationship between IU and CMD, suggesting that SS might help protect men's mental health against the deleterious effects of IU in a pandemic scenario. These results indicate that different forms of social support seem to be a promising focus of psychosocial intervention in this context.


Resumo A pandemia da COVID-19 impactou consideravelmente a saúde mental dos indivíduos. Este estudo teve por objetivo examinar associações entre transtornos mentais comuns (TMC) de homens, a intolerância à incerteza (II) e apoio social (AS). Trata-se de um estudo transversal online realizado em todos os estados brasileiros, com 1.006 homens adultos recrutados em redes sociais mediante a técnica de bola de neve. Os participantes responderam ao Self-Report Questionnaire-20, à Escala de Intolerância à Incerteza, à Escala de Apoio Social Two-way e a um questionário sociodemográfico. Teste t e análise de regressão foram realizados. Os homens do grupo clínico relataram significativamente níveis maiores de II e níveis inferiores de AS. Além disso, o AS moderou a relação entre II e TMC, sugerindo que AS protege a saúde mental dos homens contra efeitos deletérios da II na pandemia. Esses resultados sugerem que o apoio social parece ser um foco promissor de intervenção psicossocial nesse contexto.


Resumen La pandemia de COVID-19 afectó considerablemente la salud mental individual. Este estudio examinó las asociaciones entre los trastornos mentales comunes (TMC) de los hombres, la intolerancia a la incertidumbre (II) y el apoyo social (AS). Es un estudio transversal online realizado en los estados brasileños, con 1.006 hombres adultos reclutados en redes sociales mediante la técnica de bola de nieve. Respondieron el Self-Report Questionnaire-20, la Escala de Intolerancia a Incertidumbre, la Escala de Apoyo Social Two-way y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Se realizaron el test t y el análisis de regresión. Hombres del grupo clínico informaron significativamente niveles superiores de II e inferiores de AS. Además, AS moderó la relación entre II y TMC, lo que sugiere que AS protege la salud mental de los hombres contra los efectos nocivos de II en la pandemia. Estos resultados sugieren que el apoyo social es un foco prometedor de intervención psicosocial en este contexto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Social Support , Mental Health , Psychological Distress , Psychosocial Intervention , COVID-19 , Mental Disorders , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(16):10222, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023663

ABSTRACT

Youth obesity has been a pandemic for decades. One of its causes is a low level of physical activity. It is necessary to know the specific situation of adolescents and the factors that influence it in order to be able to act accordingly. The first aim of the current study is to create an explanatory model to establish the relationships between light physical activity time, light physical activity energy expenditure, screen time and social support. The second aim is to propose a theoretical model specifying the relationships between moderate–vigorous physical activity time, moderate–vigorous physical activity energy expenditure, screen time and social support. The study design was non-experimental (ex post facto), descriptive-correlational and cross-sectional. A total of 694 adolescents from the region of Soria (12–17 years) participated in the study. The instruments administered were the Four by One-Day Physical Activity Questionnaire, Parent Support Scale and Peer Support Scale. Two structural equation models were developed to analyse the relationships between the variables that comprised the explanatory models. The results show that social support had a negative influence on screen time in the proposed model in relation to light physical activity (r = −0.210;p ≤ 0.001) and in the proposed one regarding moderate–vigorous physical activity (r = −0.173;p ≤ 0.05). Social support was negatively related to light physical activity time (r = −0.167;p ≤ 0.05). Family support had a greater influence than did peer support. In conclusion, the models for light and moderate–vigorous physical activity are useful to describe the relationships between time, energy expenditure, screen time and social support.

14.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(16):9786, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023632

ABSTRACT

Studies have shown that hope is an important protective factor. At present, few of the available studies on hope have been conducted on people undergoing compulsory rehabilitation. This study explores the mediating role of resilience between family support and hope, and whether relapse plays a moderating role between family support, resilience, and hope. A total of 647 people with substance use disorder completed surveys on Perceived Social Support from Family Scale, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and Herth Hope Index. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the moderated mediation analysis. Family support not only has a direct effect on hope, but also has a significant indirect effect on hope through resilience. The indirect effect of family support on hope via resilience was significant among both the non-relapse group and relapse group;in addition, both the association between family support and resilience and the relation between resilience and hope were moderated by relapse experience. The results indicate that interventions targeting resilience might be an effective approach to improving hope among people with substance use disorder in China.

15.
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education ; 12(8):945, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023294

ABSTRACT

With the current situation caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, research related to the study of coping and its relationship with adjustment, maladjustment, and psychopathology is even more necessary. [...]this Special Issue presents recent research that can be useful for the future design of psychoeducational actions and interventions to train effective strategies for coping with everyday stress in different contexts. [...]another study [2] focuses on evaluating the relevant construct of school anxiety in the adolescent population and indicators of psychological well-being, finding concerns regarding self-regulation of emotions in this population. [...]it can be pointed out that more studies are needed to focus on variables such as school anxiety and daily stressors. Daily concerns in childhood and adolescence have consequences beyond the academic life of students, having direct repercussions on family-, school-, social-, and health-related life. [...]based on psychology, the study of coping is applied to diagnosing and treating diseases, such as depression, anxiety, chronic illness, and cancer.

16.
Front Public Health ; 10:981307, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2023007

ABSTRACT

Internet addiction among the elderly is a novel issue in many countries. However, extant research about excessive use of the Internet is focusing on adolescents and younger adults. There are few studies to explore the topic of the elderly's Internet addiction. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between real-life social support and Internet addiction among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. This article adopted a self-reported questionnaire via internet links to collect data. A total of 303 valid samples about Internet addiction for the elderly were obtained in China. The results suggested that real-life social support is significantly and negatively related to Internet addiction among the aged. Moreover, the findings revealed that real-life social support could mitigate Internet addiction by increasing the levels of hopefulness and decreasing the feeling of loneliness. We expect that this study can enrich the understanding of the problematic Internet usage within older populations. Finally, the contributions, practical significance, and limitations of this study were discussed.

17.
Front Public Health ; 10:976443, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2023002

ABSTRACT

While the relationship between loneliness and psychological distress is well documented, the mechanisms underlying this relationship are less clear. One factor known to be related to loneliness as well as psychological distress, is social support, with some studies suggesting that support-both received and provided-can serve as a mechanism to reduce the distress associated with loneliness. In this paper we examine the mediating role of both aspects of support in the relationship between loneliness and psychological distress in the COVID-19 context. We used a multi-country dataset collected at two timepoints during the pandemic;the first during the early stages (N = 6,842, 11 countries) and the second collected for a subset of countries (N = 1,299, 3 countries) 3 months later. Across all eleven countries, results revealed significant positive associations between loneliness and distress. Furthermore, using longitudinal data, we investigated the directionality of this relationship and found that increased loneliness over time was associated with increased psychological distress. The data also showed that both feeling unsupported and feeling unable to provide support to others mediated this relationship. These findings point to the need to facilitate people's ability to draw effective social support and help others-particularly at times when social connectedness is threatened-as a way of alleviating the psychological distress that commonly presents with loneliness.

18.
Frontiers in Psychiatry ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2022911

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe COVID-19 outbreak has resulted in mental health issues, mainly depression and anxiety, prompted by stressors such as the need to maintain social distance, adapting to quarantine, and lockdown policies. Resilience may be vital in protecting individuals from mental disorders. However, few studies have examined the longitudinal relationships between resilience and mental disorders (i.e., depression and anxiety) among adolescents before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. ObjectiveThis study aimed to examine the association between resilience, depression, and anxiety among Chinese adolescents before and during COVID-19 using a longitudinal cross-lagged model. MethodsA total of 7,958 Chinese adolescents completed a baseline survey in the month before COVID-19 and were followed up after the COVID-19 lockdown. Structural equation modeling analyses were applied to evaluate the associations between resilience, depression, and anxiety after controlling for three covariates (i.e., gender, age, and COVID-19 effect). ResultsA higher level of resilience before COVID-19 significantly predicted decreased severity of depression and anxiety after the lockdown. Moreover, the mean level of resilience and prevalence of mental disorders (i.e., depression and anxiety) among Chinese adolescents decreased after the lockdown. These findings suggest resilience is a vital protective factor against depression and anxiety among adolescents. Furthermore, younger participants and those less affected by the pandemic could be more resilient. No significant link was found between gender and resilience in the second wave. ConclusionsResilience is an essential protective factor for reducing mental disorders among Chinese adolescents exposed to COVID-19. Resilience-related interventions should be developed to efficiently promote mental health recovery among youth during pandemics.

19.
Journal of Medical Internet Research ; 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2022357

ABSTRACT

Background: Opioid addiction is currently one of the most pressing public health issues. Despite several treatment options for opioid addiction, the recurrence of use episodes during remission remains high. Research indicates that meaningful membership in various social groups underpins the successful transition from addiction to long-term remission. However, much of the current literature focuses on online peer-support groups for individuals in remission from substance use, sometimes also called recovery groups, a term we will use in line with the terminology used by the online community we studied. In contrast, online group memberships that promote substance use and groups that are unrelated to substance use and remission (non–drug-related groups) are rarely studied. Objective: This study aims to understand whether engagement with a variety of Reddit subforums (subreddits) provides those in remission from opioid use disorder (OUD) with social capital, thereby reducing their risk of a use episode over several years. More specifically, it aims to examine the different effects of engagement with substance use, recovery, and non–drug-related subreddits. Methods: A data set of 457 individuals in remission from OUD who posted their remission start date on Reddit was collected, of whom 219 (47.9%) indicated at least one use episode during the remission period. Using a Cox proportional hazards model, the effects of the number of non–drug-related, recovery, and substance use subreddits an individual had engaged with on the risk of a use episode were tested. Group engagement was assessed both in terms of the absolute number of subreddits and as a proportion of the total number of subreddits in which an individual had posted. Results: Engagement with a larger number of non–drug-related online communities reduced the likelihood of a use episode irrespective of the number of posts and comments made in these forums. This was true for both the absolute number of non–drug-related communities (P<.001) and the proportion of communities with which a person engaged (P<.001). The findings were less conclusive for recovery support and substance use groups;although participating in more recovery support subreddits reduced the risk of a use episode (P<.001), being part of a higher proportion of recovery support groups relative to other subreddits increased the risk (P=.01). A higher proportion of substance use subreddits marginally increased the risk of a use episode (P=.06);however, the absolute number of substance use subreddits significantly reduced the risk of a use episode (P=.002). Conclusions: Our work indicates that even minimal regular engagement with several non–drug-related online forums may provide those in remission from OUD with an opportunity to grow their social capital and reduce the risk of a use episode over several years.

20.
Psychology Research and Behavior Management ; 15:2291-2301, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2022230

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly affected people's mental health. The direct and indirect pathways between social support and suicidal ideation in the period are still unclear. This study explores the pathways from social support to suicidal ideation through resilience and depressive symptoms among undergraduates during the COVID-19 campus lockdown.Methods: During two weeks of the COVID-19 campus lockdown, a total of 12,945 undergraduates at a university in eastern China completed the questionnaire including sociodemographic characteristics, suicidal ideation, social support, resilience, and depressive symptoms. A structural equation modeling (SEM) approach was used to analyze the direct and indirect pathways from social support to suicidal ideation via the mediators of resilience and depressive symptoms.Results: Of the 12,917 undergraduates included in this study, 7.4% (n = 955) reported they sometimes had suicidal ideation, 0.8% (n = 109) reported they often had suicidal ideation, 0.9% (n = 122) reported they always had suicidal ideation, and 13.2% (n = 1704) reported they had depressive symptoms. Social support exerted significant direct (beta = -0.058), indirect (beta = -0.225), and total (beta = - 0.283) effects on suicidal ideation;20.5% of the total effect was direct, and 79.5% was indirect. Social support predicted suicidal ideation through resilience (beta = -0.038), and depressive symptoms (beta = -0.087), explaining 13.4%, and 30.7% of the total effect, respectively. Social support predicted suicidal ideation through the sequential mediation of resilience and depressive symptoms (beta = - 0.099), explaining 35.0% of the total effect.Conclusion: This is the first study to provide the evidence of pathways from social support to suicidal ideation through resilience and depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 campus lockdown among undergraduates in China. Both direct and indirect pathways from social support to suicidal ideation were identified as intervention targets to reduce suicidal ideation.

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