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1.
Revista de Filosofia (Venezuela) ; 39(101):567-581, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1954598

ABSTRACT

The research has the purpose of analyzing the opportunities offered by productivity indicators for business management. The methodology implies carrying out a case study in the Malvinas Camisea gas company in Peru, during 2021. The inquiries are carried out from the qualitative approach;it is used from the bibliographical examination of a rationalist nature;It also collects information by applying interviews to plant workers. It defends the need to condition the administration to form democratic societies, by providing communities with quality services. It highlights the importance of ISO standards as standardization of the activities of manufacturing and distribution of goods. It insists on the urgency of promoting the development of the best relationships when caring for natural resources. It urges to subordinate productive practices to responsibility as a human ability that serves the correct dispositions before the multiple contemporary crises, especially in the face of the challenges caused by the Coronavirus pandemic. © 2022, Universidad del Zulia. All rights reserved.

2.
Ekonomika ; 100(1):67-74, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1924751

ABSTRACT

. The present article describes the approaches and definition of the concept of uncertainty proposed by its authors, a quantitative evaluation of uncertainty, and materials of the empirical study used to explore the said issues on the example of macroeconomics of Georgia. We hope that the views given in the article will be useful for developing countries, particularly for the economic policy-makers in the post-communist states, as well as for the academic and scientific circles engaged in the studies of the above-listed issues.

3.
14th International Conference on Cross-Cultural Design, CCD 2022 Held as Part of the 24th HCI International Conference, HCII 2022 ; 13313 LNCS:321-336, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1919671

ABSTRACT

Staying mobile is the key to ensuring high quality of life for older adults. With the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the ability to live and move around independently becomes more critical for the most aging society. While several efforts have been made to invest in mobility solutions to help improve older adults’ mobility, there is still a lack of good practice and guidelines for developing such a niche Information Technology (IT) solution. In this paper, we report our experience of using Living Lab, a design science approach, to assess and capture the needs of mobility solutions for older adults. A semi-structured interview involving 25 older adults was conducted. We identified interesting and practical requirements/functionalities from the participants that might be otherwise overlooked if we followed the traditional software development process. The participants provided valuable feedback to help improve our mobility solution in two main areas, mainly the design and functionality of the application. The findings from this case study can potentially be applied for future work that attempts to address similar problems in the same domain. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

4.
Romanian Journal of European Affairs ; 21(1):39-57, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1918734

ABSTRACT

This article analyses compliance of the post-Soviet Baltic States with the EU liberal-democratic standards, at both institutional and value levels. The authors prove that fulfilment of the Copenhagen criteria for EU accession did not determine an enhancement of the quality of democracy in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. This study highlights that, in recent years, the Baltic States have entered a phase of stagnation of liberal-democratic transformations and that they need a more active position of the state on institutional reforms and resocialization of citizens to strengthen adherence to the political and legal values that the EU is based on. The article emphasises how the global financial crisis of 2008, the European migration crisis (2015) and the current coronavirus pandemic have all had an impact on the quality of democracy in the Baltic States. The authors focus on the incomplete process of value reforming among the Baltic population against the EU liberal-democratic standards. The article highlights that the post-totalitarian rotation of values in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania is slow and faces rejection of European liberal-democratic values to a greater or lesser extent. It underlines the preservation of the totalitarian (Soviet) vestiges of political culture, which contradict the EU paradigm of values and prevent the Baltic States from improving the quality of democracy. It is noted that, in terms of the radicalization level in defending national interests, the Baltic countries take the intermediate position between the Nordic and the V4 countries, particularly Hungary and Poland that develop illiberal democracy patterns.

5.
Media and Communication ; 10(2):204-213, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1893465

ABSTRACT

This conceptual article argues that class is a major factor in the social division and polarisation after the Covid-19 pandemic. Current discourse and communication analyses of phenomena such as compliance with measures and vaccine hesitancy seek explanations mainly in opposing ideological stances, ignoring existing structural inequalities and class relations and their effects on people’s decisions. I approach social cohesion in the Covid-19 pandemic through the theories of epidemic psychology, which sees language as fundamental in social conflicts during pandemics, and progressive neoliberalism, which critiques a post-industrial social class whose assumed moral superiority and talking down to working-class people is argued to be an explanation of many current social conflicts. I argue that these theories construct a valuable theoretical framework for explaining and analysing the social division and polarisation that has resulted from the pandemic. Reducing non-compliance with mitigating measures and vaccine hesitancy to an ideological issue implies that it can be countered by combatting misinformation and anti-vaccination thinking and shutting down particular discourses, which grossly simplifies the problem. The impact that class relations and inequality have on political and health issues, coupled with the characteristics of progressive neoliberalism, may partially explain the rise of populist and nativist movements. I conclude that if social cohesion is to be maintained through the ongoing climate emergency, understanding the impacts of progressive neoliberalism and the role of contempt in exclusionary discursive practices is of utmost importance.

6.
Migracijske i Etnicke Teme ; 37(2):125, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1856307

ABSTRACT

U ovom radu kombiniraju se podaci iz sedmog i osmog vala studije SHARE (The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe) te posebnog istraživanja u sklopu osmog vala SHARE Corona (N = 52.649) kako bi se istražili učinci prvog vala pandemije bolesti COVID-19 na zdravlje, zdravstveno ponašanje, nepodmirene zdravstvene potrebe i usamljenost osoba u dobi od 50+. Analizom je obuhvaćeno 27 europskih zemalja, a dodatno su istražene razlike u učincima pandemije na spomenute aspekte života u postsocijalističkim i zemljama tzv. stare Europe. Rezultati deskriptivne i regresijske analize pokazuju da je u pandemiji kod otprilike jednog od deset starijih Europljana došlo do pogoršanja zdravlja, a svakoj četvrtoj osobi otkazan je već zakazani medicinski tretman. Oko dvanaest posto ispitanika izbjegavalo je zdravstvenu zaštitu zbog straha od zaraze koronavirusom. Korona je utjecala i na osjećaj usamljenosti, pa se skoro svaka deseta osjećala usamljenije nego prije izbijanja pandemije. Postsocijalističke članice EU-a osjetile su značajno blaže posljedice prvog vala pandemije u odnosu na zemlje tzv. stare Europe. Nalazi iz ovog rada upućuju na potrebu promišljanja mjera kojima bi se olakšao život osobama starijim od pedeset godina u pandemiji. Te mjere trebale bi voditi računa o posebno ranjivim skupinama, npr. osobama koje žive same, osobama kod kojih je u pandemiji došlo do povećanja osjećaja usamljenosti ili o onima koji su se susreli s većim barijerama kod pristupa zdravstvenoj zaštiti.Alternate :The COVID-19 pandemic, which began its global spread in early 2020, has significantly changed the lives of people in almost every corner of the world. Today, almost two years later, long-term and unplanned effects of this, mainly health crisis may be observed, especially on the lives of the elderly. The elderly have also proven to be the most affected by the epidemic as the highest absolute and relative numbers of deaths from the disease have been recorded among them. The initial wave of the pandemic was marked by a dramatic health crisis and delayed responses of governments to prevent the spread of the pandemic, for example, in Belgium, Italy or Spain, and by strict measures to prevent the transmission of the infection in the other EU Member States;the Czech Republic, Slovakia or Croatia. It could be said that, among EU members, former socialist states were more successful in controlling the first wave of the pandemic, managing to protect the most vulnerable groups of the population, especially the elderly. Unfortunately, by the end of 2020, the uncontrolled spread of the pandemic in those countries had pushed their health systems to the limit of endurance, while the number of deaths reached unprecedented levels, accompanied by extremely high excess mortality. In addition, the COVID-19 vaccine did not arrive in time to contain the spread of the pandemic in early 2021. Due to a lack of response to voluntary vaccination, mainly during the summer of 2021, many countries entered the so-called fourth wave of the pandemic. To reveal how the pandemic has changed the lives of older Europeans the SHARE Corona Survey was launched in 26 EU Member States, Switzerland and Israel in mid-2020. It was conducted in two stages via a short telephone survey (lasting 25–30 minutes). The first SHARE Corona Survey collected data from approximately 57,000 respondents aged 50 and over. In mid-2021, about 47,000 respondents who had been surveyed at the first stage of SHARE Corona were re-surveyed at the second stage. This paper examines the effects of the pandemic on health, health behaviour, unmet health needs, and loneliness in a sample of 52,649 people aged 50 and over. During the first wave of the pandemic, the highest self-rated health deterioration occurred in Lithuania, Portugal and Belgium. Portugal and Luxembourg recorded high numbers of cancellations of scheduled medical examinations and treatments, while the fewest cancellations were observed in Romania and Bulgaria. Among people aged 50+, those in Luxe bourg and the Czech Republic avoided seeking health care the most due to fear of coronavirus infection. On the other hand, almost every fifth person aged 50+ in Greece, Italy and Belgium has reported an increased sense of loneliness. It was also established that in post-socialist EU Member States, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, Estonia, Bulgaria and Latvia, the prevalence of deteriorating health during the first wave of the pandemic was lower by one to five percentage points compared to the so-called old Europe countries (χ2 (1, N = 52,649) = 16.9 p <0.001). At the same time, in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Croatia, Latvia, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia, the prevalence of delayed examinations was lower by two to 26 percentage points compared to the other EU Member States and Switzerland (averaging 21% vs. 26%;(χ2 (1, N = 52,649) = 44.4 p <0.001). In post-socialist countries, people over the age of fifty were statistically significantly less likely to refrain from using healthcare services due to fear of coronavirus infection compared to other so-called old Europe countries (averaging 10% vs. 13%;χ2 (1, N = 52,649) = 114.3 p <0.001). The prevalence of increasing loneliness was significantly lower in post-socialist countries, averaging 8% versus 13%, in so-called old Europe countries (χ2 (1, N = 52,649) = 554.4 p <0.001). Policymakers, primarily in the field of health care and social welfare, should strive to create measures targeting social groups that are particularly vulnerable and have become even more vulnerable due to the pandemic. Such an approach, such as targeted measures for the most vulnerable, could reduce growing health and social inequalities among the 50+ generations.

7.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-336309

ABSTRACT

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, a suite of international initiatives has been developed to strengthen and reform the global architecture for pandemic preparedness and response (PPR), including proposals for a pandemic treaty, financial intermediary fund, and mechanisms for equitable access to medical countermeasures, among others. These proposed initiatives seek to draw upon critical lessons gleaned from the ongoing crisis by addressing gaps in health security and traditional public health functions. However, to date, there is insufficient consideration of the vital role of universal health coverage and robust primary health care in sustainably, equitably, and efficiently safeguarding health systems from future public health threats. The international community must not repeat the mistakes of past health security efforts that ultimately fueled the COVID-19 catastrophe – in particular, by overlooking the importance of coherent, multisectoral health systems. This paper outlines major (though often neglected) gaps in PPR, and identifies opportunities to reconceptualize health security by scaling up universal health coverage. We then propose a comprehensive set of recommendations to help inform the development of key PPR mechanisms across three themes – legal governance, financing mechanisms, and supporting initiatives. By synthesizing approaches that simultaneously strengthen global health architecture for both health security and universal health coverage, we aim to provide tangible solutions that equitably meet the needs of all communities while ensuring resilience to future pandemic threats.

8.
4th IEEE Global Conference on Life Sciences and Technologies, LifeTech 2022 ; : 246-247, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1840260

ABSTRACT

As the percentage of the older adults population increases worldwide, both the risk of social isolation of the older adults and the shortage of nursing care personnel have become major issues. To address these issues, we have developed a recreational program, the scenario-type robot-assisted recreation, to promote communication among the older adults in aged care facilities. While the burden of the facility staff increases due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we improved the robot operation interface, developed a system to support the operation of this activity by the facility staff from a remote location, and developed a system to realize communication with remote family members, in order to smoothly operate this recreational activity by the facility staff by themselves. © 2022 IEEE.

9.
Eurasian Journal of Sport Sciences and Education ; 3(2):128-140, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836668

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 global pandemic has caused huge income losses in the football economy, where billions of people are involved as fans and consumers. During the pandemic period, the sports clubs that experienced a decrease in sponsorship revenues, broadcasting revenues, match revenues and advertising revenues experienced fluctuations and economic losses in BIST (Borsa Istanbul) shares. This study was carried out to reveal the economic losses experienced by the 4 big clubs in the Turkish Premier League, which opened their shares to the stock market. For this purpose, after the stock values of the clubs registered in the BIST were adjusted for inflation and their averages were taken, trend analysis was performed. With the trend analysis, the depreciation and trends in club stocks were tried to be revealed. As a result of the study, it was observed that the decisions taken in the sector during the pandemic period were reflected in the stocks as of dates. In the average of the stocks of the clubs, depreciation of up to 50% was calculated compared to the base year and the previous month. It is thought that the study will shed light on the football economy struggling with the pandemic.

10.
Facta Universitatis: Series Physical Education and Sport ; 19(3):257-269, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836312

ABSTRACT

The goal of this paper is to provide a review of the transfer of rights to broadcasting sporting events as one source of financing sporting activities and clubs through comparative practice and current legal regulations. Sports and the law are deeply intertwined, primarily due to the fact that sports are exposed to various challenges, ranging from doping, prevention of violence at sports manifestations, all the way to competition regulations, managing sports organizations and business processes. In this paper, we will analyze the positive legal regulations that enable the realization of income based on the right to broadcast. Sources of financing are necessary for the conduct of sporting activities. The most successful clubs generate the biggest part of their revenue through leasing broadcasting rights for sporting events and marketing. Broadcasting sporting events not only enables generation of direct revenue, but also removes the shackles of previously existing spatial barriers and thus contributes to the popularity of sports, athletes and their clubs. Occurrences such as the coronavirus pandemic have led to the organization of sporting events in controlled conditions, without the presence of an audience or with numerous limitations and restrictions. In such situations, numerous institutions have offered interactive forms of communication with the consumers (online museum tours, concerts, etc.), thus not only minimizing losses, but also maintaining contact with the audience. This situation has proven the significance of digital communication with the consumers. Even though the year 2020 went by without the previously planned Olympics and, in most cases, without sports fans in the stands, the sporting industry recorded a jump (from 388.28 billion dollars in 2020 to 440.77 billion of dollars in 2021). The growth in earnings was achieved predominantly due to the increase in media revenues.

11.
Zika Virus Biology, Transmission, and Pathways: Volume 1: The Neuroscience of Zika Virus ; : 479-491, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1803269

ABSTRACT

The Zika virus, a flavivirus is related to viruses that cause dengue and yellow fever and is spread by Aedes mosquitoes. The virus was first isolated in 1947, during studies conducted in the Zika Forest of Uganda. During the first 60 years of Zika’s discovery (i.e., until 2007), epidemic infections were unheard of. Less than 20 cases of confirmed human infection were described between 1952 and 2007. This is likely because the presentation is generally mild and nonspecific, so Zika fever was either ignored or misdiagnosed. Since 2007 several devastating epidemics piqued international interest fuelling the research on this hitherto neglected flavivirus. Importantly, as control of viral pandemics requires broadly similar public health measures;the international response to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has been facilitated by observations made during Zika epidemics. © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

12.
East Asian Sci. Technol. Soc. ; 16(1):70-73, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1795452

ABSTRACT

In the latest issue's "Editor's Note" of EASTS, Wen-hua Kuo made a call to East Asian science studies scholars to commit to an archeology of the social and technical infrastructure of epidemics. Coincidently, ten historians and sociologists working on science, technology, medicine, and environment with a focus on China, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, and South Korea had just begun a collective effort to understand how face masks had become the most important part of the current pandemic governance in East Asia. As its first step, a virtual workshop, "The Socio-Material History of Masked Societies in East Asia," was held at the Max-Planck Institute for the History of Science on 26 October 2020. This forum aims to introduce the virtual meeting's outcome to the wider EASTS community and encourages them to engage with the collaborative enterprise to investigate the history of masks. All papers focus on the socio-material dimension of masks while problematizing current culturalist explanatory narratives about "masked societies" in East Asia. By doing so, the papers show how mask use is closely linked to heterogenous but interconnected entanglements of environmental governance, political movements, and risk cultures in East Asian polities. It interrogates these relationships in the context of scientific controversies and quarantine regimes.

13.
IAF Space Education and Outreach Symposium 2021 at the 72nd International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2021 ; E1, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1787195

ABSTRACT

Today our society is confronted with the consequences of a triple crisis, a health crisis, an economic crisis and a climate crisis. Years of progress to reduce poverty and social divide, global cooperation, and efforts to combat climate change are threatened by an abrupt change in our livelihoods. Indeed, responses to the COVID-19 pandemic led to increased tensions between states. However, if challenges emanating from these trends emphasise on the need to anticipate future risks and define measures to mitigate them, they also raise new opportunities, especially for the space sector to show its contributions to the greater good of the society. As part of a research project in partnership with the University of Central Lancashire, the European Space Agency, undertook an analysis aimed at measuring the wider than economic value created by ESA programmes and activities as perceived by the European citizens. The results revealed a positive contribution to the common good. This paper will now present an innovative approach to public value management, to take stock of the results found and use it in its wider policy and resource settings to maximise its contribution to the society, and mission and mandates. At a time of existential crisis in which the anticipation of climate catastrophe caused by mankind drives public perceptions, policy and politics, this public value approach to optimising the impact of Space for Earth, brings imagery and insights into the everyday lives of ordinary citizens. Using public value and the risk society framework to unlock the potential of satellite imagery and information, we show how the impact of ESA’s Space for Earth missions may be optimised. We do this by focusing upon the existential risks associated with climate change to the constellation of universal human value categories, which now bear upon everybody, everywhere. The practicality of this presentation will be to draw upon high-resolution images from inter alia Copernicus, to show the impact of humanity upon the natural environment. This paper will further give insights for action and communication essential to mobilise citizens in the co-production of solutions to mankind’s most pressing problems. Copyright © 2021 by the International Astronautical Federation (IAF). All rights reserved.

14.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol ; 47(6): 562-567, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1785101

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has affected us all. The following collection of short essays highlights various aspects of the pandemic and how it has impacted hand surgery and lessons learned, from the perspective of the Federation of European Societies for Surgery of the Hand (FESSH) Executive Committee members. A range of topics were individually chosen by each of the five committee members and presented.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hand Injuries , Orthopedic Procedures , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hand/surgery , Hand Injuries/surgery , Humans , Pandemics
15.
Journal of Family Strengths ; 21(2), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1772400

ABSTRACT

The paper was entitled: “The Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on At-Risk Populations Experiencing stress and Family Violence: The Importance of An Action Model.” As the title of the paper indicates, the paper had an ambitious task of showing how vulnerable populations, such as African Americans, because of racism, discrimination and subsequent inequities in their life experiences (such as inadequate health care, poor working conditions, a host of underlying health conditions, and potentially greater amounts of stress) are likely to become sicker with COVID-19 (higher morbidity and mortality) and, subsequently, more likely to experience higher than normal rates of family violence. The paper discussed different types of family violence, such as elder abuse, sibling abuse, child abuse and intimate partner violence. However, whatever form of family violence that is taking place in today’s society is usually intertwined with a complex mixture of factors that begin at the wider society or macro-levels, trickling down through the community and/or middle or meso-levels, and eventually landing at the individual or micro-levels of society. To better understand the complex array of societal factors, alluded to before, all of which individually and collectively help to explain how the era of the Covid-19 pandemic increased levels of stress and later the likelihood of different types of family violence, an Action Model was used as a guiding light. In essence, rather than just make alluding relational statements, as the literature warranted, steps were taken to link these important relational statements to exact sections of the Action Model depicted in the specially modified and highly illustrated Action Model of the paper. The paper closed with some recommended policy suggestions, tips, best practices and accessible resources for both stress management and family violence prevention. Key Take Away Points How vulnerable are at-risk minority populations are to health challenges How vulnerable are at-risk minority populations to family violence The contributory influence of stress to health and health outcomes The need to know about and manage stress The importance influence of the current COVID-19 pandemic on vulnerable and at-risk populations to experience adverse health outcomes, including various forms of family violence The importance of having an Action Model to better understand the complex array of factors beginning at the macro-level, through the meso-level and ending at the micro-levels of society

16.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):162-165, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769093

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has had huge ramifications on professional football. This commentary focuses on the impact of the pandemic on the mental health of professional footballers. Specifically, footballers within the English Premier League, English Football League, FA Women's Super League and FA Women's Championship. This commentary considers a holistic approach to mental health, the environment of professional football, and the impact of career transitions and critical moments on mental health. The intention is to stimulate discussion and further research of mental health and wellbeing within professional football. This paper considers the impact of Covid-19 and makes recommendations for professional football clubs to develop a holistic mental health strategy. We recommend that professional clubs increase the level of emotional support for professional footballers, and that this should not be a temporary measure due to the pandemic. Clubs should develop a long-term strategy to encourage players to seek emotional support.

17.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):93-101, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769092

ABSTRACT

This commentary considers the impacts of COVID-19 on sport governance and management, given the global threat to sport services and organizations evident as a result of the disease since early 2020. To frame this analysis of the impacts and lessons to be learned, the researchers use a Critical Realist (CR) perspective, which takes a multi-level view of reality and seeks to establish how and why something occurs in reality [Byers, T. (2013). Using critical realism: A new perspective on control of volunteers in sport clubs. European Sport Management Quarterly, 13(1), 5-31. https://doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2012.744765]. While the existing commentaries and emerging research on COVID19 have focused on a superficial level of reality (i.e. what stakeholder responses have been), a CR view encourages a more holistic account of what and why something happens. Specifically, this commentary contributes to the discussion of COVID-19 impacts focusing on sport governance, using a philosophy that encourages examination of what is happening in sport organizations, how different stakeholder's perspectives and assessment of the legitimacy of COVID-19 may reveal underlying social structures and biases that help explain sport administrator's responses and value systems. The researchers hope this novel perspective on sport governance encourages readers to think of new ways of organizing and governing that is more inclusive of diversity (e.g. race, gender, disability) in sport.

18.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):102-112, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769088

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has sent a shockwave into society and sport. As result of this, sport and football resuming without spectators - fans or supporters, has brought a number of financial issues that has threatened the sustainability and future of many clubs. This commentary unpicks what has happened and some of the tensions, decision-making and consequences surrounding the return of spectators. The commentary presents the case that spectators are key to the survival of football clubs and that the United Kingdom Government must reverse their decision to not let spectators return. Now more than ever, these words hold substance, meaning and truly matter to clubs and their networked communities, "Football without fans is nothing".

19.
European Sport Management Quarterly ; 21(3):350-373, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769044

ABSTRACT

Research question: In this short article, the researchers explore whether highly diversified professional football clubs, from an investor perspective, are better prepared for an unpredictable global crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic than undiversified clubs. Research methods: The researchers apply event study methodology to analyze stock returns of football clubs during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

20.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(6)2022 03 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1760615

ABSTRACT

This large-sample study of three Chinese societies-Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong-demonstrates the importance of media exposure for people's vaccination intentions during the COVID-19 pandemic. By employing two constructs (i.e., perceived susceptibility and severity) in the health belief model (HBM), the study identifies significant indirect effects of media exposure on individuals' vaccination intention in all three Chinese societies. That said, media trust negatively moderated the path from perceived severity to vaccination intention in Mainland China and Taiwan. In these two societies, the higher an individual's trust in media, the less influence of perceived severity on his/her vaccination intention. It suggests that the level of trust in media is a contextual factor in explaining individuals' decision-making on health issues. Generally, the combination of the HBM and media trust has been proven to be useful for understanding individuals' vaccination intentions. These findings provide practical considerations for governmental agencies, public institutions, and health campaign designers to promote vaccination in the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , COVID-19/prevention & control , China , Female , Health Belief Model , Humans , Male , Vaccination
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