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Biomed Chromatogr ; 36(5): e5343, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1640672


Recently, prednisolone has been used in treating many medical conditions, such as autoimmune diseases and cancer. It is also prescribed to mitigate the respiratory complications caused by COVID-19 infection. It can cause some health complications, such as GIT ulcers, so it should be co-administered with proton-pump inhibitors, such as esomeprazole, to prevent the risk of ulcers. This work aims to develop an ecofriendly and sensitive TLC method for simultaneous determination of esomeprazole and prednisolone in their binary mixtures and spiked human plasma. Separation was performed using a mixture of ethyl acetate, methanol, and ammonia (9.5:0.5:0.1, v/v/v) as an eluting system with UV scanning at 245 nm. Dapoxetine was used as an internal standard to correct the variation during sampling. The resulting Rf values for plasma, esomeprazole, prednisolone, and dapoxetine were 0.03, 0.51, 0.72 and 0.85, respectively. Four greenness assessment tools-national environmental method index, eco-scale assessments, analytical greenness metric approach (AGREE), and green analytical procedure index (GAPI)-were used to evaluate the greenness characteristics of the proposed method to the environment, and the results were acceptable and satisfactory. Validation parameters were checked according to the US FDA guidelines to achieve the international requirements for bioanalytical method validation, and the results were within the accepted ranges.

COVID-19 , Esomeprazole , Chromatography, Thin Layer/methods , Humans , Prednisolone , Reproducibility of Results , Ulcer
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1288957


In the current work, a simple, economical, accurate, and precise HPLC method with UV detection was developed to quantify Favipiravir (FVIR) in spiked human plasma using acyclovir (ACVR) as an internal standard in the COVID-19 pandemic time. Both FVIR and ACVR were well separated and resolved on the C18 column using the mobile phase blend of methanol:acetonitrile:20 mM phosphate buffer (pH 3.1) in an isocratic mode flow rate of 1 mL/min with a proportion of 30:10:60 %, v/v/v. The detector wavelength was set at 242 nm. Maximum recovery of FVIR and ACVR from plasma was obtained with dichloromethane (DCM) as extracting solvent. The calibration curve was found to be linear in the range of 3.1-60.0 µg/mL with regression coefficient (r2) = 0.9976. However, with acceptable r2, the calibration data's heteroscedasticity was observed, which was further reduced using weighted linear regression with weighting factor 1/x. Finally, the method was validated concerning sensitivity, accuracy (Inter and Intraday's % RE and RSD were 0.28, 0.65 and 1.00, 0.12 respectively), precision, recovery (89.99%, 89.09%, and 90.81% for LQC, MQC, and HQC, respectively), stability (% RSD for 30-day were 3.04 and 1.71 for LQC and HQC, respectively at -20 °C), and carry-over US-FDA guidance for Bioanalytical Method Validation for researchers in the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. Furthermore, there was no significant difference for selectivity when evaluated at LLOQ concentration of 3 µg/mL of FVIR and relative to the blank.

Amides/analysis , Amides/blood , Antiviral Agents/analysis , Antiviral Agents/blood , Biological Assay/methods , COVID-19/drug therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Liquid-Liquid Extraction/methods , Pyrazines/analysis , Pyrazines/blood , Acyclovir/analysis , Acyclovir/blood , COVID-19/blood , Calibration , Drug Stability , Freezing , Humans , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Solvents/chemistry
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 262: 120066, 2021 Dec 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1263373


In this think about, assurance of lopinavir and ritonavir down to organic concentration level has been carried out. The assurance is based on expanding the selectivity of the spectrofluorimetric procedure by combining both subordinate and synchronous spectrofluorimetric approaches, which allow effective estimation of lopinavir at 248.8 nm and ritonavir at 300.1 nm within the nearness of each other at Δλ of 60 nm. Worldwide Conference on Harmonization approval rules were taken after to completely approve the strategy, and linearity was gotten for the two drugs over the extend of 0.4-2.4 µg mL-1 for Lopinavir and 0.1-0.6 µg mL-1 for ritonavir. Application of of the strategy was successfully carried out within the commercial tablets with great understanding with the comparison strategies. As the detection limits were down to 0.133 and 0.022 µg mL-1 and quantitation limits were 0.395 and 0.068 µg mL-1 for lopinavir and ritonavir, individually; the in vivo assurance of lopinavir and ritonavir in spiked plasma tests was pertinent. The rate recuperations in natural tests were 99.10 ± 0.77 and 99.54 ± 0.60 for lopinavir and ritonavir, individually. Water was utilized as the ideal weakening dissolvable within the proposed strategy which includes an eco-friendly justify.

COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections , COVID-19/drug therapy , Drug Combinations , Humans , Lopinavir , Ritonavir , SARS-CoV-2 , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Tablets