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1.
Artificial Organs ; 46(3), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1912833

ABSTRACT

The proceedings contain 53 papers. The topics discussed include: evoked sensations with sinusoidal transcutaneous electrical stimulation at different frequencies;IMU triggered FES for robotic gait training;trans-spinal electrical stimulation for improving trunk and sitting function in tetraplegics with cervical cord injury;a combined approach to CNS excitation for hand rehabilitation: a case study using spinal stimulation and BCI;analysis of the movements generated by a multi-field FES device for upper extremity rehabilitation;and neuromuscular and functional electrical stimulation for motor recovery after COVID-19: systematic review.

2.
Journal of Clinical Engineering ; 47(1):3-5, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1769449
3.
Neuromodulation ; 24(3): 441-447, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1593901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Due to the impact of COVID-19 epidemic, face-to-face follow-up treatments for patients with chronic pain and implanted spinal cord stimulation (SCS) devices are forced to be delayed or stopped. This has led to more follow ups being done remotely. Meanwhile, with the development of 4G/5G networks, smartphones, and novel devices, remote programming has become possible. Here, we investigated the demand and utility of remote follow-ups including remote programming for SCS for patients with chronic pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire including questions on demographic characteristics, pain history, postimplantation life quality, standard follow-up experience, remote follow-up, and remote programming experience was sent to patients diagnosed as chronic intractable pain and treated with SCS during January 2019 to January 2020. RESULTS: A total of 64 participants completed the questionnaire. About 70% of participants expressed demands for remote follow-ups due to the inconvenience, high costs, and time consumption of traditional follow-up visits. Nearly 97% of participants have attempted remote follow-ups, and about 81% of participants have further tried remote programming. Approximately, 96% of them recognized the benefits. CONCLUSIONS: The remote programming was in high demand among participants. Most of the participants have tried remote follow-ups or even remote programming. The remote programming appeared to be more efficient, economic and were widely recognized among participants.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Chronic Pain/therapy , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Implantable Neurostimulators , Remote Sensing Technology/methods , Spinal Cord Stimulation/methods , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Chronic Pain/epidemiology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain Measurement/methods
4.
Front Neurorobot ; 15: 749024, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1477842

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an established treatment for refractory pain syndromes and has recently been applied to improve locomotion. Several technical challenges are faced by surgeons during SCS lead implantation, particularly in the confined dorsal epidural spaces in patients with spinal degenerative disease, scarring and while targeting challenging structures such as the dorsal root ganglion. Magnetic navigation systems (MNS) represent a novel technology that uses externally placed magnets to precisely steer tethered and untethered devices. This innovation offers several benefits for SCS electrode placement, including enhanced navigation control during tip placement, and the ability to position and reposition the lead in an outpatient setting. Here, we describe the challenges of SCS implant surgery and how MNS can be used to overcome these hurdles. In addition to tethered electrode steering, we discuss the navigation of untethered micro- and nanorobots for wireless and remote neuromodulation. The use of these small-scale devices can potentially change the current standard of practice by omitting the need for electrode and pulse generator implantation or replacement. Open questions include whether small-scale robots can generate an electrical field sufficient to activate neuronal tissue, as well as testing precise navigation, placement, anchoring, and biodegradation of micro- and nanorobots in the in vivo environment.

7.
J Clin Med ; 10(11)2021 May 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1244050

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since the management of chronic pain has become even more challenging secondary to the occurrence of SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks, we developed an exhaustive narrative review of the scientific literature, providing practical advices regarding the management of chronic pain in patients with suspected, presumed, or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. We focused particularly on interventional procedures, where physicians are in closer contact with patients. METHODS: Narrative Review of the most relevant articles published between June and December of 2020 that focused on the treatment of chronic pain in COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: Careful triage of patients is mandatory in order to avoid overcrowding of hospital spaces. Telemedicine could represent a promising tool to replace in-person visits and as a screening tool prior to admitting patients to hospitals. Opioid medications can affect the immune response, and therefore, care should be taken prior to initiating new treatments and increasing dosages. Epidural steroids should be avoided or limited to the lowest effective dose. Non urgent interventional procedures such as spinal cord stimulation and intrathecal pumps should be postponed. The use of personal protective equipment and disinfectants represent an important component of the strategy to prevent viral spread to operators and cross-infection between patients due to the SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks.

8.
Cureus ; 13(4): e14569, 2021 Apr 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1229457

ABSTRACT

Necrotizing Raynaud's phenomenon is a vascular clinical syndrome characterized by vasospasm of distal resistance vessels, usually triggered by cold temperatures or by psychological conditions such as anxiety and stress. Pain is the first reported symptom, related to insufficient oxygen delivery to the extremities that leads to ischemia of the peripheral tissues. The initial treatment is conservative, but if the symptoms persist, necrosis and distal amputation can occur. In selected patients, neuromodulation with spinal cord stimulation (SCS) can be an effective treatment by reducing pain and amputation rate. Recent evidence suggests that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can cause endotheliopathy with microvascular and macrovascular thrombotic events and can present as a systemic inflammatory vascular disease. We present a case of a severe necrotizing Raynaud's phenomenon successfully treated and controlled with SCS that abruptly reappeared during SARS-CoV-2 infection. The report of this case is suggestive for potential treatment in case of peripheral ischemia consequent to COVID-19 vasculopathy. The interaction between SCS and SARS-CoV-2-related endotheliopathy is unknown and would deserve further studies.

9.
Front Neurosci ; 14: 594696, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-967906

ABSTRACT

As COVID-19 rampages throughout the world and has a major impact on the healthcare system, non-emergency medical procedures have nearly come to a halt due to appropriate resource reallocation. However, pain never stops, particularly for patients with chronic intractable pain and implanted spinal cord stimulation (SCS) devices. The isolation required to fight this pandemic makes it impossible for such patients to adjust the parameters or configuration of the device on site. Although telemedicine has shown a great effect in many healthcare scenarios, there have been fewer applications of such technology focusing on the interaction with implanted devices. Here, we introduce the first remote and wireless programming system that enables healthcare providers to perform video-based real-time programming and palliative medicine for pain patients with a SCS implant. During the COVID-19 pandemic from January 23, 2020, the date of lockdown of Wuhan, to April 30, 2020, 34 sessions of remote programming were conducted with 16 patients. Thirteen of the 16 patients required programming for parameter optimization. Improvement was achieved with programming adjustment in 12 of 13 (92.3%) cases. Eleven of the 16 (68.8%) patients reported that the system was user-friendly and met their needs. Five patients complained of an unstable connection resulting from the low network speed initially, and three of these patients solved this problem. In summary, we demonstrated that a remote wireless programming system can deliver safe and effective programming operations of implantable SCS device, thereby providing palliative care of value to the most vulnerable chronic pain patients during a pandemic. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov, identifier NCT03858790.

10.
Anesth Pain Med ; 10(4): e104151, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-729736

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: In the last months of 2019, the advent of a new virus called SARS-CoV-2 caused the spread of a pandemic disease, COVID-19, that has afflicted patients with chronic pain. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a COVID-19 patient recently implanted with a spinal cord stimulator for FBSS, treated with Tocilizumab for cytokine storm complicating SARS-COV-2 infection. This patient developed a delayed hyperimmune reaction, causing an inflammatory reaction in the surgical pocket site, well treated with total remission. The total resolution of this local reaction occurred after the resolution of systemic COVID-19 infection by Tocilizumab. CONCLUSIONS: We discuss the balance between damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) and pathogen-recognition receptors (PRRs), and the putative role of polymorphism in the IL-6/174 position of the promoter region.

11.
Br J Pain ; 15(3): 282-290, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-727255

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a recommended treatment for chronic refractory neuropathic pain. During the COVID-19 pandemic, elective procedures have been postponed indefinitely both to provide capacity to deal with the emergency caseload and to avoid exposure of elective patients to COVID-19. This survey aimed to explore the effect of the pandemic on chronic pain in this group and the views of patients towards undergoing SCS treatment when routine services should resume. METHODS: This was a prospective, multi-centre telephone patient survey that analysed data from 330 patients with chronic pain who were on an SCS waiting list. Questions focussed on severity of pain, effect on mental health, medication consumption and reliance on support networks during the COVID-19 pandemic. Views towards undergoing SCS therapy were also ascertained. Counts and percentages were generated, and chi-square tests of independence explored the impact of COVID-19 risk (very high, high, low) on survey responses. RESULTS: Pain, mental health and patient's ability to self-manage pain deteriorated in around 47%, 50% and 38% of patients, respectively. Some patients reported increases in pain medication consumption (37%) and reliance on support network (41%). Patients showed a willingness to attend for COVID-19 testing (92%), self-isolate prior to SCS (94%) and undergo the procedure as soon as possible (76%). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that even during the COVID-19 pandemic, there remains a strong clinical need for patients with chronic pain identified as likely SCS responders to be treated quickly. The current prioritisation of new SCS at category 4 (delayed more than 3 months) is challenged judging by this national survey. These patients are awaiting SCS surgery to relieve severe intractable neuropathic pain. A priority at category 3 (delayed up to 3 months) or in some selected cases, at category 2 are the appropriate priority categories.

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