Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 524
Filter
Add filters

Document Type
Year range
1.
International Conference on Tourism, Technology and Systems, ICOTTS 2021 ; 293:541-552, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1958931

ABSTRACT

This investigation presents a case study on the influence of the tourist impact that the car race World Touring Car Cup (WTCR), in the Vila Real International Circuit, has on the city, a place traditionally known for its Cultural Tourism. In fact, after the Troika Crisis, and until the COVID pandemic emerged, Portugal was experiencing a boom in Tourism, particularly on the coast and in cities like Porto, Lisbon, Cascais, or Braga. Aware of this situation, the cities of the countryside start defining strategies to take advantage of this favorable wave for tourism, opting for areas where they would have more diversity offer. Given this, it is proposed Cultural and Sport Tourism as the best options for Vila Real city. Thus, it was decided to understand the connection that sport has with tourism and culture. For this purpose, the case study methodology and quantitative technics were used, for a better understanding of the connection of the concepts, in the perception of the public that traveled to the city to watch the races and the event in general, as well as the public that obligatorily attended the races for living in the city and/or on the circuit route and those audiences who watch the event via online transmission. It is intended, therefore, to understand the dimension of the Cultural and Sports Tourism that is experienced in the city, attending its social, cultural, and economic impacts, and if it has been rising according to the growth of the event and its internationality. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

2.
The Sport Journal ; 25(5), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958334

ABSTRACT

Parent experiences in youth sport settings during the COVID-19 pandemic are a notable and understudied phenomenon. Parents had varied experiences as a result of safety mandates and protocols that limited physical presence and engagement in their child's sports activities. These limitations proved to be an emotional challenge for parents - balancing the responsibilities of protecting the safety of their families and providing sports experiences to promote both normalcy and acquire the life skills gained from sports participation in a fluid environment. In some instances, parents engaged in virtual spectating experiences which sought to minimize physical risks associated with COVID-19, but also did not require their physical presence to participate. Research on the virtual experience of parents is novel and from a sample of 112 parents across youth sport sectors in 18 states how the spectating modality influenced parental roles and identities was examined. Virtual spectating experiences reflected many challenges for parents, but also prompted much gratitude for allowing continued engagement in their child's sports activities. This exploratory research prompts larger questions urging sport-based professionals to examine the influences of spectating modalities on experiences of parents. The authors captured retrospective parent reactions to their personal spectating experience and generated a grounded theory diagram to demonstrate relationships between factors shaping the parent identity and role in this context. Implications for sport-based professionals are discussed.

3.
The Sport Journal ; 25(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957922

ABSTRACT

Purpose: As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, national restrictions were implemented limiting social gatherings and disrupting many facets of everyday life including sports. To gain a better understanding of how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the social and emotional well-being of children and adolescents in sports, the present study examined parental perspectives of female youth competitive cheerleaders during the national pandemic.

4.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(9-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1957825

ABSTRACT

The present portfolio gives account of the research and applied experiences of a Professional Doctorate Candidate at Liverpool John Moores University. Contained within are a range of research and applied works that aim to inform and develop the sport and exercise psychology field. In parallel, the portfolio encompasses the professional development of the primary author as a trainee sport psychologist, and their journey to individuation (McEwan et al., 2019).The portfolio contains three applied case studies and one teaching case study. The consultancy case studies demonstrate a wide range of psychological interventions from a variety of psychological schools. The first case study concerns an acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) intervention that is rooted in the school of cognitive behavioural psychology. The second is an existential approach to the consultancy that centres around the subjective lived experience of the client. These case studies contain unique outcomes that aim to provide informative and thoughtful implications for both the discipline of sport psychology and sport psychology practitioners. Within the present portfolio is a meta-study that aims to both develop and broaden the present body of organisational psychology literature, and provide insights into sport professionals' work-life balance, a concept that has become increasingly popular over the years. Two empirical studies, one concerning exercise dependency in Cross: Fit, and the other, a narrative exploration of athletes' return to sport following the COVID-19 pandemic, also demonstrate a variety of research skill and competencies required of the candidate.Readers of this portfolio will also gain some insight into the philosophical development of the candidate throughout their professional doctorate enrolment. Ontological and epistemological positionings are examined, challenged, and subsequently evolve throughout the portfolio. In particular, the author demonstrates their development from a positivist/post-positivist to a constructivist paradigm concerning their underpinning philosophical paradigm. This development is also paralleled in their consultancy practice, where the practitioner's consultancy values move from a practitioner-led, performance focused lens to a person centred, client led consultancy style. This process of individuation is examined through commentary and reflections, where the candidate seeks to understand their values and beliefs and face up to challenges associated in their development. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

5.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology ; 142(8):S40, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1956215

ABSTRACT

Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) can severely impact quality of life. However, its specific impact on participation in social activities is not well studied. Objective: To assess HS’s interference with social activities in relation to disease severity. Methods: We recruited patients with a clinical diagnosis of HS (ICD-10 code L73.2) from clinic (n=30) and mail (n=123) to complete a survey. Respondents reported the extent to which HS interfered with social activities (none, a little, a lot). Disease severity was assessed using a validated self-assessment tool. Differences in disease severity were compared to degrees of interference with social activities using Chi-squared analysis. Results: A total of 67 completed responses were received and analyzed. Respondents were 22% Hurley Stage 1, 35% Hurley Stage 2, and 43% Hurley Stage 3 disease severity. Most reported HS interfered with their ability to go out (53%), engage in hobbies (57%), participate in sports or recreational activities (68%), go out socially or to a special event (65%), and go to parties (52%), with no significant differences by Hurley stage (p=0.31-0.68), though going out socially or to a special event (p=0.12) approached significance. Conclusion: Most patients in our cohort, regardless of disease severity, reported HS interfered with their social activities. HS is a physically and socially debilitating disease. Given social distancing policies during the COVID-19 pandemic, HS patients may be even more prone to isolation. Interventions to help HS patients with their social support structure may be helpful in improving their quality of life.

6.
Thermology International ; 31(4):163-171, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1955693

ABSTRACT

This is an updated historical perspective on the European Thermology Congresses in the period from 2009 to 2021. As with the previous review article, the schedules for lectures, the lists of delegates, books, congress proceedings and photos of the congress participants were checked from the recent 5 conferences. Descriptive statistics were compiled regarding the origin of the participants, the number of participants and presentations per conference and the topics of the presentations. In total 275 presentations have been given at the recent 5 European Congresses of Thermology. The median number of delegates at the congresses between 2009 and 2021 was 61, slightly higher than the median number of participants in the period 1990 to 2006 despite the pandemic-related low number of participants in the online congress 2021. Approximately 20% of all presentation originated from outside of Europe. There was a shift of topics predominant in the first 10 and the 5 recent congresses. In the period from 2009 to 2021, the topic of sport and/or exercise was at the top, followed by applications in veterinary medicine, vascular diseases, and standards/quality assurance. The Online Congress 2021 suffered from the COVID-19 pandemic but mastered this difficult challenge quite well in terms of scientific output. Similar as the scientific literature on thermology, the history of the recent five European Congress of Thermology reflects the trends in thermographic research with a currently high interest in standard protocols for applications in sports and exercise science, animal thermography and vascular diseases.

7.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(9)2022 05 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1953345

ABSTRACT

This review analyzes scientific data published in the first two years of the COVID-19 pandemic with the aim to report the cardiorespiratory complications observed after SARS-CoV-2 infection in young adult healthy athletes. Fifteen studies were selected using PRISMA guidelines. A total of 4725 athletes (3438 males and 1287 females) practicing 19 sports categories were included in the study. Information about symptoms was released by 4379 (93%) athletes; of them, 1433 (33%) declared to be asymptomatic, whereas the remaining 2946 (67%) reported the occurrence of symptoms with mild (1315; 45%), moderate (821; 28%), severe (1; 0%) and unknown (809; 27%) severity. The most common symptoms were anosmia (33%), ageusia (32%) and headache (30%). Cardiac magnetic resonance identified the largest number of cardiorespiratory abnormalities (15.7%). Among the confirmed inflammations, myocarditis was the most common (0.5%). In conclusion, the low degree of symptom severity and the low rate of cardiac abnormalities suggest that the risk of significant cardiorespiratory involvement after SARS-CoV-2 infection in young adult athletes is likely low; however, the long-term physiologic effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection are not established yet. Extensive cardiorespiratory screening seems excessive in most cases, and classical pre-participation cardiovascular screening may be sufficient.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Myocarditis , Athletes , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Myocarditis/diagnosis , Myocarditis/epidemiology , Myocarditis/etiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
8.
Case Studies in Sport Management ; 11(1):38-46, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1949897

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic forced Canadian Football League (CFL) commissioner Randy Ambrosie to cancel the League’s 2020 season, and given CFL teams’ financial dependence on gate and game-day revenues, the League had suffered substantial financial losses. The pandemic also caused the Xtreme Football League (XFL) to fold five games into its 2020 season;however, the XFL was purchased by an ownership group led by Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson, with plans to resume play in 2022. Shortly thereafter, the CFL and XFL jointly announced that they would explore the possibility of partnering to grow the game of football and their respective leagues. This case challenges students to determine the best option for the CFL and commissioner Ambrosie moving forward by completing a Porter’s value chain analysis for both leagues. This analysis will help students to make an informed, evidence-based decision about how well the two leagues align with one another. While there are several benefits to a potential partnership, there are also challenges that must be overcome if some type of partnership with the XFL is to be considered.

9.
Case Studies in Sport Management ; 11(1):33-37, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1949896

ABSTRACT

Endurance Canada is facing a dire situation. It must turn itself around or face bankruptcy. The problems are piling up for Endurance Canada’s Board of Directors. Over the last 20 years, the Board’s Chair, Bill Fitzpatrick, has seen his sport’s athletes go from winning Olympic medals to not having any medals internationally. Within Endurance Canada, he has seen high staff turnover and burnout, power struggles between the national and provincial/territorial levels, and their revenues have been hit hard. COVID-19 was the proverbial nail in the coffin. Something drastic needs to happen. So, Bill brings in Amanda Tsang, a strategy expert. She has 1 month to come up with a plan to bring Endurance Canada back to life. The case follows Amanda as she reviews the strategy, structure, and governance issues in the organization. This fictional case asks students to (a) develop a strategic plan for Endurance Canada, (b) show how structure and strategy are interrelated, and (c) reflect on governance issues in a multilevel governance system.

10.
Sleep Science ; 15:72, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1935154

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In high-performance athletes, sleep is an important tool in physical and mental recovery due to routine training and competitions. However, given the COVID-19 pandemic, the lives of the entire population were changed. The routine of high-performance athletes, especially team sports, was directly impacted by the measures of social isolation, and understanding the extent of damage to athletes' sleep in this scenario is desirable. Objective: To evaluate the sleep pattern of young athletes in team sports during the Covid-19 pandemic. Methods: Young athletes of both sexes and federated in their respective team sports in the State of São Paulo and Paraná were evaluated. They were evaluated under two conditions: during social isolation (2020) and during the return to presential activities (2021). An anamnesis was carried out and questionnaires that assess sleep (Mini-Sleep, Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire) were applied online through Google Forms. Paired t-test was used to compare the both moments. The study was approved by the UNIFESP Research Ethics Committee via Plataforma Brazil. Results: The sample consisted of 34 young people (24 boys and 10 girls), 15.79 ± 1.38 years, 62.17 ± 8.68 kg, 1.67 ± 0.08 m and BMI 22.12 ± 2.16 kg/m2. Among the sports played, 50% practice futsal, 23.5% handball, 17.6% soccer and 8.9% softball. They maintained a routine of 4.02 ± 1.29 days of training/week before the pandemic began, 4.02 ± 1.64 days/week during isolation, and 3.42 ± 1.09 days/week after return. Regarding the sleep of young athletes, they had good sleep quality and normal sleepiness. The sleep quality (26.20 ± 8.16 vs 25.27 ± 6.79) and daytime sleepiness (8.47 ± 4.88 vs 7.81 ± 3.53) showed no differences between the isolation period and the return, respectively. They had higher Social Jet lag during isolation (2.51 ± 1.31 hours) when compared to the return period (2.05 ± 1.13 hours, p = 0.04), in addition to shorter sleep duration during the week in the isolation period when compared to the return period (7.95 ± 1.55 vs 8.56 ± 1.63, p = 0.01). Conclusion: The young athletes kept their training routines at home during social isolation, and with the return to the presential training and collective activities, they decreased the Social Jet lag and increased the hours of sleep during the week, suggesting that the pandemic negatively influenced their sleep.

11.
Journal of Japan Society of Sports Industry ; 32(2):229-239, 2022.
Article in Japanese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934540

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on high school athletics. The Japan High School Athletic Federation, which is the central sports organization of the high school athletics competition, and the National High School Athletic Federation, which is the governing body of the high school sports organization, manage the high school athletics category under the umbrella of the National High School Athletic Federation. This paper aimed to analyze the kind of relationship being built with the National Athletics Department, which is responsible for the actual management of the tournament, and to verify whether there is a conflict between the National Athletics Department and the National Athletics Department. Specifically, we analyzed the actual functions of the National High School Championships, the Japan Association of Athletics Federations, and the National High School Championships, and the level of support each organization had at the Inter-High School Championships held during the coronavirus pandemic. Then, based on the articles of incorporation and regulations of each organization, we organized the objectives, business contents, and decision-making of the three organizational operations, and observed conflicts. We found that the National High School Federation and the National High School Federation Land Specialization Department have four local conditions of conflict : "ambiguity of work in charge", "reciprocity of tasks", "common resources", and "mismatch of social evaluation".

12.
Analytical psychology of football: Professional Jungian football coaching ; : 125-133, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1934441

ABSTRACT

When I first discussed writing this section with Nada and John O'Brien, John used the word 'liminal' to describe the subject matter. I had to look it up just to be exactly sure, but I think he is right. It is a great word to describe this half time space, where a team reconvenes (or collapses) for a midway rest and a break. That would be the physical imperative anyway. This brief chapter will give you an illustration of how Jungian perspectives may usefully inform some of the psychological imperatives and possibilities at play in this half time, liminal space. The original meaning of the word liminal is 'threshold', and that is another fitting word for this time. Since the Covid pandemic I have noticed that more and more hand sanitisers are being placed at doorways. It is at the threshold point when we leave one space and enter another. It is a time to check yourself. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

13.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(13)2022 Jun 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1934042

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Anxiety is one of the most complex and the most studied constructs in psychology, and it is extremely frequent in high-level sportsmen and women. The main goal was to study the influence of sex, age, type of sport, sport modality, other professional occupation, and competitive level on the competitive anxiety symptoms and self-confidence of elite athletes. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with Colombian elite athletes who were members of the "Support to the Excellence Coldeportes Athlete" program. The total population studied included 334 Colombian elite athletes: mean age 27.10 ± 6.57 years old with 13.66 ± 6.37 years practicing his/her sports modality. The precompetitive anxiety symptoms of the participants were assessed using the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2R (CSAI-2R). RESULTS: Men showed higher levels of self-confidence than women. Younger athletes had a higher cognitive and somatic anxiety. The athletes of individual sports had a higher mean somatic anxiety than those of collective sports. The higher-level athletes had lower values of cognitive and somatic anxiety and higher levels of self-confidence. Finally, the values of anxiety symptoms positively correlated with each other, and negatively correlated with self-confidence. CONCLUSION: Individualised psychological intervention programs adapted to elite athletes are needed, considering the divergent results found in various variables of scientific interest.


Subject(s)
Athletes , Competitive Behavior , Adult , Anxiety/psychology , Athletes/psychology , Colombia , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult
14.
Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences ; 32(207), 2022.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1929304

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: World condition has changed since the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged and its rapid spread affected people's social and sports life. In this study, we aimed at investigating the incidence of sports injuries in Mazandaran province, Iran and the effects of COVID- 19 pandemic on frequency of sports injuries. We also studied the relationship between sports injuries and age, gender, sports specialties and severity of injury. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, information of all/injured athletes registered in Mazandaran Sport Medicine Center between 2018 and 2020 were analyzed in SPSS V23. In order to investigate the relationship between injured limb and age, gender, sports specialty, injured side, and surgery, Chi-square test was applied.

15.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(5):569-574, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1929144

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate sports commitment, anxiety about catching the corona virus and perceived stress in athletes who are studying at university. Methods:The data of 581 university students studying in different faculties of Ondokuz Mayıs University and competing in one of the individual and team sports as competitors were evaluated. In the study, the scales of commitment to sports, perceived stress and anxiety about catching the corona virus were used. Results: While the individual anxiety sub-dimension and the total score of anxiety about catching the corona virus were significantly different according to gender (p<0.001), socialization anxiety was found to be similar (p>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in perceived stress scores according to gender (p>0.05). A significant difference was found between the scores of commitment to sports according to gender, the sub-dimension of being fit, dedication and internalization, and the total score of commitment to sports (p<0.05 and p<0.001). While there was a significant difference in the anxiety of catching the corona virus according to the team and individual sports status (p<0.05 and p<0.001), there was no statistically significant difference in the socialization anxiety scores (p>0.05). Conclusion: It has been determined that while the anxiety of catching the corona virus and the state of commitment to sports change according to the gender variable, the perceived stress levels are similar in the university students who compete as individual and team athletes. In order to reduce students' anxiety about catching the corona virus, it may be recommended to take measures to reduce contact in training.

16.
Kinesiology ; 54(1):175-191, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1929046

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this review was to gather studies that reported on the impact of COVID-19 restrictive measures on physical activity and sedentary behavior in children and adolescents, and to present key findings. The search for articles was performed in three databases of scientific literature: PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. We included articles that reported a change in the amount of physical activity and/or sedentary behavior during COVID-19 restrictive measures compared to the period before them. The quality of the articles was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The search returned 1391 hits, out of which 23 articles were included in the review. The studies showed that participation in physical activity predominantly decreased (in 17/23 studies) and sedentary behavior predominantly increased (in 16/17 studies). The results regarding the reduction of physical activity were the most consistent for moderate to vigorous physical activity, while the direction of change was mixed for some types of physical activity (e.g., exercise, walking). The results regarding sedentary behavior were mostly consistent in terms of increasing the total amount of sedentary behavior as well as types of sedentary behavior (e.g., watching TV, using tablets). This review showed that COVID-19 restrictive measures have further increased the issue of insufficient physical activity and excessive sedentary behavior among children and adolescents. There is a need for the development of interventions for maintaining/increasing physical activity among children and adolescents that would be suitable for the implementation during the future pandemics and other similar crisis situations.

17.
Physical Culture and Sport: Studies and Research ; 95(1):54-67, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1923989

ABSTRACT

The new pandemic lifestyle advocates new rules for sport at all levels, from amateur to elite. Consequently, it has transformed the ways in which sports are performed and consumed, provoking demand for new technologies and/or the development of existing ones. This paper aims to identify, describe, and visualize the process of sport transformation as radical internal and external industry changes brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is intended to qualitatively explain the current 'metamorphoses' in the field and subsequently answer the question of how the COVID-19 pandemic drastically changed all aspects of sports and physical culture. The literature and empirical dataset (qualitative open-ended written interviews, N = 147) were analysed in the spirit of grounded theory, referring to the holistic approach. The results demonstrated that the COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented effect on sports by touching on all aspects, levels, and stakeholders. The paper also outlines challenges and opportunities for the industry in these extraordinary times. The key dimensions of transformation are identified and explained. The findings of this research have significant implications for the understanding of how COVID-19 gave rise to the transformation of sports in different aspects. This study adds to the growing body of research on the positive and negative impacts of COVID-19 on sports, new technologies demand, and the transformation of sports.

18.
Academia ; 35(2):239-256, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1922460

ABSTRACT

Purpose>The purpose of this paper is to discuss some of the most relevant innovation strategies used by the Latin American national tennis federations as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic.Design/methodology/approach>The methodology consists of a survey. The survey consisted of three sections apart from the consent one: a general descriptive part, one with 30 questions to assess attitudes and perceptions and a final section which included open questions. After the data were collected, the SPSS software was used to test the distribution of the sample.Findings>Results show that executives' perception toward their need for involvement in the decision-making process varies.Research limitations/implications>The first limitation relates to the sample size of executives who completed the questionnaire. The second limitation refers to the details provided in the open section of the questionnaire. Specifically, the space allocated for the answers and the degree of detail required could have been optimized by providing further instructions on the importance of facilitating information related to the implementation of the programs.Practical implications>The results demonstrate that, although traditional management, organizational and administrative behaviors are still present in the tennis ecosystem, a more innovative mentality should embed these organizations. It is then relevant that sport and tennis organizations commit to the implementation of innovative strategies for the optimization of the administration of their ecosystems.Originality/value>The paper adds more understanding to the brand of sports management. Furthermore, the fact of developing the study in a COVID-19 context sheds light on the issues faced by sports in a pandemic like this one.Alternate :Proposito – El proposito de este artıculo es discutir algunas de las estrategias de innovacion utilizadas por las federaciones nacionales latinoamericanas como respuesta a la pandemia COVID-19. Diseno/metodolog ~ıa/enfoque – La metodologıa consiste en una entrevista. La entrevista se dividio en tres secciones ademas de la de consentimiento: una parte descriptiva, otra con 30 preguntas que evaluaban las actitudes y percepciones, y una seccion final que incluıa preguntas abiertas. Despues de que la informacion fuera recogida, se utilizo el software SPSS para comprobar la distribucion de la muestra. Hallazgos – Los resultados sugieren que las organizaciones analizadas han utilizado diversas estrategias de innovacion durante este periodo sin precedentes. Estas estrategias se han aplicado en areas como la informacion, la participacion, la comunicacion y la digitalizacion. Research limitations/implications – The first limitations related to the sample size of executives who completed the questionnaire. The second limitation refers to the details provided in the open section of the questionnaire. Specifically, the space allocated for the answers and the degree of detail required could have been optimized by providing further instructions on the importance of facilitating information related to the implementation of the programs. Limitaciones del estudio/Implicaciones – La primera limitacion esta relacionada con el tamano de la ~ muestra de los ejecutivos que completaron el cuestionario. La segunda limitacion se refiere a la informacion que se proporciona en la primera seccion del cuestionario. Especıficamente, el espacio donde se situan las respuestas y el grado de detalle requerido podrıan haber sido optimizados a traves de la provision de instrucciones mas detalladas sobre la importancia de facilitar la informacion relacionada con la implementacion de los programas. Originalidad/valor – El estudio ayuda a la mejor comprension de la gestion de los deportes. Ademas, el hecho de desarrollar el estudio en el contexto del COVID arroja luz a la problematica del deporte en el contexto de una pandemia como la actual.

19.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(11)2022 05 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1924228

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic required local confinement measures reducing sport practice with possible consequences on the athletes' performances. Furthermore, anaerobic detraining was underestimated and poorly known in adolescents. This article aimed to assess the effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection and 1-month COVID-19 confinement on jump testing in young elite soccer players despite a 1-month multimodal training program followed by a 1-month soccer retraining period. Thirty-one elite soccer players aged 14 were included; 16 were infected by the SARS-CoV-2 and compared with 15 non-infected elite soccer players before and after 1 month of COVID-19 confinement, and after 1 month of a soccer retraining period. Squat jumps (SJ), countermovement jumps with (CMJs) and without arm swinging (CMJ) and multiple consecutive jumps (stiffness) were used to explore the anaerobic performances. Analysis of variance for repeated measures was used to compare the positive and negative SARS-CoV-2 groups, taking into account the confinement period (low training) and the retraining soccer period. The jump tests were not altered in the positive SARS-CoV-2 group compared to the negative SARS-CoV-2 group after confinement (SJ: 31.6 ± 5.6 vs. 32.7 ± 3.7; CMJ: 34.1 ± 6.9 vs. 34.2 ± 2.6; CMJs: 38.6 ± 6.8 vs. 40.3 ± 3.9; stiffness: 28.5 ± 4.3 vs. 29.1 ± 3.7) and at 1 month of this period (SJ: 33.8 ± 5.5 vs. 36.2 ± 4.6; CMJ: 34.7 ± 5.5 vs. 36.4 ± 3.5; CMJs: 40.4 ± 6.7 vs. 42.7 ± 5.5; stiffness: 32.6 ± 4.7 vs. 34.0 ± 4.3). The SARS-CoV-2 infection had no consequence on anaerobic performances assessed by jump tests in adolescent soccer players. The adolescents' growth could explain the absence of alteration of jump performances during the COVID-19 confinement. These results can be useful to manage the recovery of the anaerobic fitness after SARS-CoV-2 infection occurring in adolescent athletes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Soccer , Adolescent , Anaerobiosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Exercise Test/methods , Humans , Muscle Strength , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Front Sports Act Living ; 4: 827005, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1924190

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic poses extraordinary challenges in all fields of daily life. The WHO recommended social distancing guidelines and person-to-person contact was strongly discouraged to contain transmission. Team-based sports were questioned and widely debated. However, there is a lack of available evidence on the risk of in-game SARS-CoV-2 transmission. We aim to derive new insights regarding the risk of SARS-CoV2 infection during team sports and provide current opinion on how to behave during training and competition. Methods: We report on six competitive male volleyball players (national level) of the same team who were infected with COVID-19. The mode of transmission and potential virus spreading within the team was investigated. The entire course of infection was documented by detailed medical history of the players and RT-PCR tests confirmed suspected infections. Serological testing was performed to establish the antibody status of the team. Results: The investigation did not show strong evidence of viral transmission within the team during sporting activities. Only two players with PCR-proven infection hat detectable antibodies in two antibody assays. Conclusion: Private and social gatherings can spread infection into team sports. Clearly defined test strategies and strict adherence to standard COVID-19 hygiene guidelines during sports seasons cannot be overemphasized.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL