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1.
Narratives in the Anthropocene Era ; CHAP: 302-320,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2102005

ABSTRACT

The far-reaching consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic have not only demonstrated the economic vulnerability of the current capitalistic system, but also the positive ecological consequences of rapid policy action. Previous studies have shown that economic threats lead to a sense of lost control along with a subsequent differentiation of oneself in comparison to others. The question that arises is whether young people as drivers of the sustainability transformation will see the pandemic's impact as a positive example of fast action and therefore an opportunity, or whether they will view the phenomenon as a threat to their status quo. In this study 150 young people ages 15-24 were interviewed using an online questionnaire. The results show that young people see the Covid-19 crisis as an example of rapid, consistent action by politics and society. They demand that restrictions benefitting the climate be maintained to mitigate the climate crisis. This suggests that it is helpful to show positive examples of successful communal efforts to overcome massive threats and uncertainties, as such examples motivate young people and give them a sense of collective efficacy.

2.
Frontiers in Communication ; JOUR, 7.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2099111

ABSTRACT

Several factors including droughts, cyclones, COVID-19, and inconsistent economic policies contributed to the challenges faced by children and persons with disabilities (PwDs) in rural areas of Zimbabwe. Consequently, there was a higher risk of low quality of life, poverty, and limited access to basic services such as education and healthcare. Various community-based rehabilitation (CBR) programs were implemented to address the violation of rights and access to services and participation by PwDs in general. This study used a mixed method approach to analyze the impact of CBR programs taking into account the five themes of the United Nations Convention of Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN-CRPD): education, health, livelihoods, social protection, and participation. Respondents included core beneficiaries, caregivers, teachers, community health workers, and other key stakeholders. Results indicated that 61% were female respondents and 39% were males. Approximately 84% of rural families survive on less than USD 20.00 per month with the modal household having 5 to 9 members per household. Approximately 81% have received at least secondary education although some did not complete Ordinary Level mostly due to lack of funding for registration fees at the time of writing. However, none had tertiary education. The reach of CBR was as high as 92% of respondents received training on disability management;71% on income generating projects (IGPs) and 84% on Internal Savings and Lending (ISAL) although only 32% received funding. The study recommends funding for self-help groups, increased technical support, functional disability-friendly toilets, and orthopedic centers, scaling up of programs at a national level and adoption by the relevant agencies, decentralization by government officials to reduce red tape and accelerate programs, and training of trainers for additional capacity building. Improved latitude for NGOs and consistent economic policies are also needed to sustain IGPs.

3.
J Clean Prod ; 380: 135057, 2022 Dec 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2095589

ABSTRACT

As the Covid-19 pandemic brought most in-person activities to a halt, radical and visible changes were imposed in all social interactions, including teaching and academic activity in general. This challenging setting tested the education system's capacity to successfully address the Sustainable Development Goals. The success of education for sustainable development (ESD) requires training in the specific skills needed to face the highly emotionally demanding post-pandemic context. In this line, this study focuses on university students' capability to understand and manage emotions, an issue considered to be a key factor in ESD. The aim of this study is to show how students' emotional intelligence influenced their resilience, with repercussions on their engagement and subsequent academic performance. The research model was tested through a questionnaire addressed to 340 students from three different universities during the full lockdown of March-May 2020 as a result of the pandemic. Results show that emotional intelligence was positively related to resilience, which in turn was related to engagement, and consequently, resulted in better academic performance. This finding should spark interest in developing emotional intelligence in education, not only because it produces healthy citizens in the long term, but also because of its short-term positive impacts in the classroom, particularly in such adverse situations as those described here. This study provides a model that links classic variables on educational and positive psychology research with ESD in times of COVID-19.

5.
Non-conventional in Russian | WHOIRIS, Grey literature | ID: grc-754841

ABSTRACT

Активные способы передвижения, в частности ходьба пешком и езда на велосипеде, сегодня широко признаются как полноценные альтернативы другим видам городского транспорта. Они включаются в программы планирования и учитываются наравне с остальными видами мобильности не только в наиболее развитых странах, но и по всему миру. Постоянно растущий объем научных данных подтверждает преимущества активных способов передвижения для общества с точки зрения транспортной системы, окружающей среды и здоровья населения. В рамках практики планирования накоплен богатый арсенал мер, которые могут быть взяты за основу, адаптированы либо непосредственно использованы в любом городе. В настоящей публикации приводится всесторонняя аргументация в поддержку стимулирования ходьбы пешком и езды на велосипеде, а также дается описание методов реализации подобных инициатив, основываясь на последних данных научных исследований и передовой практике планирования.

9.
Non-conventional in French | WHOIRIS, Grey literature | ID: grc-754743

ABSTRACT

Les modes de déplacement actifs, en particulier la marche et le vélo, sont à présent reconnus par de nombreuses personnes comme étant pleinement égaux à d’autres modes de transport urbain ;ils sont également intégrés dans les cadres utilisés en vue de la planification et adoptés comme une tendance générale – non seulement dans les pays pionniers, mais aussi dans le monde entier. Les gains que la société peut tirer des déplacements actifs en termes de transport, de santé et d’avantages environnementaux sont prouvés par un corpus de données scientifiques en croissance constante. La pratique urbanistique a permis de constituer un volumineux dossier de mesures prêtes à être étudiées, utilisées comme source d’inspiration, adaptées, voire appliquées dans chaque ville. La présente publication offre un argumentaire complet sur les raisons justifiant la promotion de la marche et du vélo et les manières de la mettre en oeuvre, en s’appuyant sur les dernières connaissances issues de la recherche scientifique et de l’aménagement urbain.

10.
Non-conventional in English | WHOIRIS, Grey literature | ID: grc-754723

ABSTRACT

Building on the rich legacy and continued growth of the WHO European Healthy Cities Network, this document explores the movement as an important partner with the WHO Regional Office for Europe and shows the synergy in work between the WHO European Programme of Work (2020–2025) and Phase VII (2019–2025) of the WHO European Network and opportunities for the future.

11.
Non-conventional in German | WHOIRIS, Grey literature | ID: grc-754714

ABSTRACT

Aktive Beförderungsarten, insbesondere Gehen und Radfahren, werden heute von vielen als gleichwertige Alternativen zu anderen Verkehrsmitteln in der Stadt anerkannt und in die etablierten Planungsrahmen integriert – nicht nur in den fortgeschrittensten Ländern, sondern weltweit. Es gibt immer mehr Belege dafür, dass die Gesellschaft von einer aktiven Mobilität sowohl in Bezug auf Verkehr also auch auf Gesundheit und Umwelt profitieren kann. Planungsbeispiele aus der Praxis bieten heute einen umfangreichen Katalog von Maßnahmen an, der jeder Stadt als Anregung zur Anpassung und eventuell Anwendung dienen kann. Diese Publikation argumentiert auf Grundlage neuester Erkenntnisse aus Forschung und Planung umfassend dafür, warum und wie Gehen und Radfahren gefördert werden sollten.

12.
Logforum ; 18(3):335-343, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2081149

ABSTRACT

Background: The paper concerns the concept of synchromodal logistics. It has great economic and environmental potential in terms of optimizing cargo transportation using various modes and modes of transport. In the face of unexpected disruptions in the global economic system due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the shift paradigm may result in a thorough verification of numerous solutions in the operational activities of transport, shipping, and logistics companies. The aim of the article is to evaluate the key indicators that influence the efficiency of synchromodality in logistics. Its implementation would allow the development of sustainable transport corridors from the perspective of the European-Asian supply chains reconfiguration. Methods: The paper uses questionnaire research and interviews conducted among experts, as well as selected methods of artificial intelligence, to determine the weights of the essential indicators that influence the effectiveness of synchromodality in logistics. Moreover, descriptive methods were used as supporting methods. Results: Basic indicators influencing the effectiveness of the synchromodal system were determined, which may favor the operationalization of the concept implementation process. These indicators can be one of the tools to assess the prospects for the development of synchromodal logistics. Conclusions: The implementation of the synchromodal logistics concept offers opportunities to strengthen cooperation in Euro-Asian supply chains to promote the development of sustainable transport corridors in the field of the trans-European transport network. The synchronization of the multibranch network of transport connections, preceded by the flow of information and preferences of the supply chain participants, allows the selection of the most advantageous transport connection proposals in real time, taking into account the criterion of their availability. The main expectations concerning the development of synchromodality relate to the improvement of the level of transport and logistics services, modal shifts, use of the capacity of transport nodes, and reduction of CO2 emissions. © Wyższa Szkoła Logistyki, Poznań, Polska.

13.
Global Health ; 18(1): 87, 2022 10 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2079513

ABSTRACT

Globalization has been declared dead or dying for many years, although recently, the number of voices declaring it 'over' has swelled [1]. As editors of a journal interrogating how globalization affects health, we confront the question: Have the COVID-19 pandemic, Russia's war against Ukraine, a breakdown in multilateralism, and the risk of a return to the stagflation of the 1970s finally sounded a death knell for the research and scholarship we have been publishing in the journal's 20-year history? We think not and argue below why, in our post-pandemic fractured and fractious era, it is vitally important to retain a focus on this messy construct short-handed as 'globalization.'


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Uncertainty , Pandemics/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Publishing , Internationality
14.
Ekonomista ; - (3):326-348, 2022.
Article in Polish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072551

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic and the ensuing crisis have shown in a clearer light than before the growing global economic, social, and environmental challenges of recent decades. And today no one doubts that the Russian invasion on Ukraine will exacerbate the existing problems. It is increasingly often stated that the implementation of sustainable development goals (SDGs) defined by the UN and the fight against the effects of the crisis caused by the pandemic and war in Ukraine is not possible without greater involvement and active attitude of society, that leaving it only to market forces and top-down regulations will not bring the expected results. There arises the question if and eventually how such socio-economic initiatives as Fair Trade can contribute to the systemic transformation towards a sustainable market economy and building a new post-covid reality in the third decade of the 21st century. Using the method of critical analysis of the literature, the author comes to the conclusion that this initiative fits both into the streams of economics which emphasize the social aspects of markets, as well as into the neoclassical perception of economic processes. Looking at Fair Trade from both perspectives allows to explain the reasons for its emergence and dynamic growth as well as to understand its role in contemporary socio-economic life. It also leads to the conclusion that Fair Trade is not an accidental episode, but can constitute an important development trend in the global economy, playing an important role in counteracting global challenges, including the effects of the pandemic crisis and war in Ukraine. Fair Trade contributes to the society taking responsibility for social problems, incorporating such values as solidarity and altruism into market decisions, and increasing the role of the society as the third institution, next to the market and the state, shaping the economic reality.

15.
International Journal of Ethics and Systems ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070216

ABSTRACT

Purpose - This study aims to establish whether the corporate social responsibilities (CSR) practices of Islamic banks are compatible with the sustainable development goals (SDGs) of the United Nations. Design/methodology/approach - A documentary research method was applied by examining the annual reports of selected Islamic banks from Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, the UAE and Malaysia for 2020, which coincided with the COVID-19 pandemic. Findings - The results indicate that Islamic banks discharged various CSR activities and contributed huge funds toward achieving the SDGs of the United Nations. Specifically, the banks prioritized the following CSR sectors: education, health, environmental protection and disaster relief and management. Besides, they provided support to micro and small businesses toward poverty alleviation. Research limitations/implications - This study examined only CSR reports of the selected Islamic banks for 2020. Practical implications - The findings have practical implications that may enable Islamic banks across the globe to improve their CSR initiatives, activities and reporting toward realizing the SDGs. They arc also helpful to policyrnakers and regulators for the provisions of policies and regulations to motivate or mandate Islamic banks to effectively improve their CSR practices. Social implications - CSR practices of Islamic banks can significantly support the SDGs toward mitigating many economic and social problems. Originality/value - This study applied a relevant but rarely used method to explore the role of CSR practices of Islamic banks in achieving the SDGs.

16.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071462

ABSTRACT

A major advantage of online organic produce shopping is the fact that it saves energy and reduces emissions otherwise generated by customers during their time spent on the road and while shopping. Organic products in general positively impact sustainability, the environment, and the regions of their origin along with the social changes in these regions and further rural development. Moreover, these products positively impact the perceived health benefits and quality of food labeled as organic. The Czech Republic has currently seen a rise in organic food purchasing and supply trends. This study maps the factors possibly influencing consumers' decision to go shopping for organic food online. Observed factors include the following demographic characteristics of consumers (respondents): gender, age, education, household income, number of children in the household and number of household members. A total of 757 respondents from the Czech Republic from September 2020 to December 2020 took part in the research. Logistic regression, used for data processing, identified the statistically significant effects of education, income and number of household members on online purchases. These conclusions were confirmed by a detailed contingency tables analysis, including the almost monotonous trend of the dependencies, with only minor deviations in a maximum of one category. The strongest influence of some categories on the emergence of partial dependencies was found by residue analysis. The research confirmed that the frequency of online grocery shopping increases significantly with increasing education and income of respondents and decreases with increasing the number of household members. Most respondents apparently shop for groceries online because of time savings, better product choice and more convenient and easier search.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Food Preferences , Child , Humans , Supermarkets , Czech Republic/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Consumer Behavior
17.
Wilderness Environ Med ; 2022 Oct 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2069788

ABSTRACT

We describe the evolution of the nonprofit Nepal Ambulance Service (NAS) in a narrative of its 10-y history, presenting geographical, social, cultural, and financial considerations that permeated the development of NAS. We gathered narrative information from the NAS leadership and partners to detail key organizational considerations regarding the implementation and maintenance of the prehospital system in Nepal. We describe the response of NAS to the 2015 earthquake and summarize transport data for 6 mo before and 6 mo after the event. The data collected included the date and time of calls received, time to ambulance dispatch, on-scene time, time to arrival at the hospital, time until the ambulance crew was back in service, patient age and sex, chief complaints, and work shift time of the ambulance crew. To characterize the time to response and transport after the 2015 earthquake, we present the means and standard deviations of the time intervals. There was an overall increase in calls and, specifically, trauma-related calls after the 2015 earthquake. The time from a call placed to dispatch was stable, approximately 2 min, throughout the period, whereas the time from dispatch to the scene and arrival at the scene varied widely. We discuss the response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The NAS provided care to 1230 patients with COVID-19. The descriptive data show how well NAS responded to a major national disaster and the recent pandemic.

18.
Journal of Innovation & Knowledge ; : 100281, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2069340

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, countries have concentrated on developing policies that encourage the creation of more innovative products and services in response to the global health emergency. Effective collaboration, communication, and Open Innovation (OI) among government entities, education and research institutions, and the private sector have been critical to each country's overall effectiveness during the economic crisis. The objective of this paper is to examine the relationship between innovation and COVID-19 critically to have a better understanding of future research and practice developments. A systematic evaluation was conducted, analyzing papers on innovation and the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 218 studies were analyzed to determine the essential research directions in this domain. Our suggested framework is made of aggregate components, which include technology adaption, sustainable development, healthcare, and sustainable economic performance. These components form the basis for the identification of emerging research hotspots in the field of COVID and innovation, as well as frame the COVID-19 issue as an opportunity to raise awareness about the crucial role of innovation in business and society at large.

19.
Sustainability ; 14(3):1156, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1680086

ABSTRACT

The distribution of medical supplies tied to the government-owned nonprofit organizations (GNPOs) is crucial to the sustainable and high-quality development of emergency response to public health emergencies. This paper constructs a two-sided GNPO–hospital game model in a Chinese context, and explores the strategies and influencing factors of medical supply distribution in public health emergencies based on evolutionary game theory. The results show that: (1) GNPOs, as the distributor of medical supplies, should choose strategies that balance efficiency and equity as much as possible. (2) Hospitals, as the recipient of medical supplies, should actively choose strategies that maximize the total benefit to society and strengthen trust in GNPOs. Meanwhile, hospital managers need to pay attention to reducing the impact of communication and coordination costs and strive for the reduction of conflicts between different values. (3) The government should strengthen supervision to avoid conflicts between medical distributors and receivers during a public health emergency and ensure the rescue efficiency. This study provides some reference for the sustainable development of emergency relief in public health emergencies.

20.
Asian Economic and Financial Review ; 12(9):751-765, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2067770

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has severely impacted most businesses worldwide. Sustainability management by involving Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) criteria is increasingly a focus of business stakeholders. This study explores the return and risk performance of 98 companies listed in the Thailand Sustainability Investment (THSI) strategy that adopted ESG measures during the COVID-19 outbreak. The regression analysis is also applied to examine the impacts of ESG pillar scores on stock returns from 2015–2021. The empirical results support the positive impact of ESG adoption to stock performance, even during the risks brought by the pandemic. Environmental and governance pillars have a statistically positive affect on stock returns, while the social pillar scores have no impact on return generating. The findings confirm the importance of sustainable development as the center of business’s strategies to cope with emerging risk and to generate better stock performance. © 2022 AESS Publications. All Rights Reserved.

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