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1.
Kidney International Reports ; 7(9):S508, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2041720

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Infections occurring in the post transplant period are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in renal transplant recipients. Early infections (within the first month) are more likely to be due to nosocomially acquired pathogens, surgical issues, and donor-derived infections. Opportunistic pathogens occur after 6 months, reflects the greater impact of immunosuppressive therapies. Late infections may be secondary to opportunistic pathogens or conventional ones. Methods: It is a retrospective observational study.All hospitalised patients with infections were included between November 2019 to march 2022 excluding covid 19 infections.Infections were categorised based on time line of infection into less than one month, 1-6 months and more than 6 months and sub categorised based on type of organisms and source of infection.All baseline characteristics, labs, microbiological including serology, PCR and cultures, radiological findings and histopathological findings were noted.Complications including graft dysfunction and need for various supports such as O2, ionotropes, ventilator and dialysis and treatment details and in hospital patient outcomes were analysed using descriptive statistics. Results: 53 patients admitted with infection in the given period were included in the study.Among them 88.67% were males and 11.33% females. In the study population 66.03 % underwent live related renal transplant and 33.97% underwent deceased donor transplantation. Mean age of the study population was 35.2 years. There were 118 events of infection identified during the study period.UTI was the most common post-transplant infection and occurred in 36.44 % of total events. There were 13 events of post-transplant infection in the first month. Most common infection in early post-transplant period was UTI, 53.84 % of events of UTI occurred followed by pneumonia in 23.07% of total events. E coli was isolated in 57.14 % of events There were 48 events of infections in the period of 1- 6 months.UTI was the most common infection (37.5 % of total events ) and E coli was the most common organism isolated(44.44 %). Pneumonia was the second commonly occurred event in 18.75 % of total events and Klebsiella was the most common isolated ( 55.56 % ).CMV disease was identified in 10.41% events, 40 % had tissue invasive CMV, 60% presented with cytopenia. There were 57 events of infections after 6 months, UTI was the most common infection(31.57% events) and E coli was the most common organism (44.00%).Pneumonia occurred in 19.29% followed by skin and soft tissue infection (13.94 %)herpes zoster ( 8.75% ) gastroenteritis(7.01%), BKVN (5.26%),oral candidiasis (3.50%)CMV disease (3.50%), tuberculosis(3.5%), meningitis (1.75%) and dengue(1.75%). 95.76% of infectious event was associated allograft dysfunction and 22.64 % of the study population had PTDM. In 15.25 % of events, patients had septic shock at presentation.Amongst them 44.44% had urosepsis, 33.33% had pneumonia, 22.22% had acute gastroenteritis. 18.86 % expired during hospital stay,amongst them 60 % had pneumonia and 30% had urosepsis and 10% had acute gastroenteritis. [Formula presented] [Formula presented] [Formula presented] [Formula presented] Conclusions: Patients who undergo renal transplantation are subjected to immunosuppression which increase the burden of infections in the post-transplant period.Early and accurate diagnosis is the key to prevent morbidity and mortality of renal transplant recipients No conflict of interest

2.
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases ; 69(2):632-644, 2022.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-1971026

ABSTRACT

BIRDS : The variety and widespread of coronavirus in natural reservoir animals is likely to cause epidemics via interspecific transmission, which has attracted much attention due to frequent coronavirus epidemics in recent decades. Birds are natural reservoir of various viruses, but the existence of coronaviruses in wild birds in central China has been barely studied. Some bird coronaviruses belong to the genus of Deltacoronavirus. To explore the diversity of bird deltacoronaviruses in central China, we tested faecal samples from 415 wild birds in Hunan Province, China. By RT-PCR detection, we identified eight samples positive for deltacoronaviruses which were all from common magpies, and in four of them, we successfully amplified complete deltacoronavirus genomes distinct from currently known deltacoronavirus, indicating four novel deltacoronavirus stains (HNU1-1, HNU1-2, HNU2 and HNU3). Comparative analysis on the four genomic sequences showed that these novel magpie deltacoronaviruses shared three different S genes among which the S genes of HNU1-1 and HNU1-2 showed 93.8% amino acid (aa) identity to that of thrush coronavirus HKU12, HNU2 S showed 71.9% aa identity to that of White-eye coronavirus HKU16, and HNU3 S showed 72.4% aa identity to that of sparrow coronavirus HKU17. Recombination analysis showed that frequent recombination events of the S genes occurred among these deltacoronavirus strains. Two novel putative cleavage sites separating the non-structural proteins in the HNU coronaviruses were found. Bayesian phylogeographic analysis showed that the south coast of China might be a potential origin of bird deltacoronaviruses existing in inland China. In summary, these results suggest that common magpie in China carries diverse deltacoronaviruses with novel genomic features, indicating an important source of environmental coronaviruses closed to human communities, which may provide key information for prevention and control of future coronavirus epidemics

3.
Journal of Clinical Periodontology ; 49:84, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1956753

ABSTRACT

The aim is to determine oral manifestations in patients with COVID-19 disease and in the postcovid period. Methods: A special survey (questionnaire) was made in 424 people who had COVID-19 confirmed by RT-PCR, ELISA for specific IgM and IgG antibodies and Chest CT scan (168 people). 123 people had complaints and clinical symptoms in the oral cavity 2-6 months after the illness and they came to the University dental clinic. Laboratory tests have been performed (clinical blood test, blood immunogram, virus and fungal identification). Results: Survey results showed that 16,0% participants had asymptomatic COVID-19, 23,6% - mild and 48,1% moderate disease. 12,3% with severe COVID-19 were treated in a hospital with oxygen support. In the first 2 weeks 44,3% indicated xerostomia, dysgeusia (21,7%), muscle pain during chewing (11,3%), pain during swallowing (30,2%), burning and painful tongue (1,9%), tongue swelling (30,2%), catharal stomatitis (16,0%), gingival bleeding (22,6%), painful ulcers (aphthae) (8,5%) and signs of candidiasis - white plaque in the tongue (12,3%). After illness (3-6 months), patients indicated dry mouth (12,3%), progressing of gingivitis (20,7%) and periodontitis (11,3%). In patients who applied to the clinic we identified such diagnoses: desquamative glossitis - 16 cases, glossodynia (11), herpes labialis and recurrent herpetic gingivostomatitis (27), hairy leukoplakia (1), recurrent aphthous stomatitis (22), aphthosis Sutton (4), necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (13), oral candidiasis (14), erythema multiforme (8), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (2), oral squamous cell papillomas on the gingiva (4) and the lower lip (1). According to laboratory studies, virus reactivation (HSV, VZV, EBV, CMV, Papilloma viruces) was noted in 52 patients (42,3%), immunodeficiency in 96 people (78,0%), immunoregulation disorders (allergic and autoimmune reactions) in 24 people (19,5%). Conclusions: Lack of oral hygiene, hyposalivation, vascular compromise, stress, immunodeficiency and reactivation of persistent viral and fungal infections in patients with COVID-19 disease are risk factors for progression of periodontal and oral mucosal diseases.

4.
Quintessence Int ; 52(8): 714-718, 2021 Jul 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1256364

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Candida albicans in considered to be a marker of immunosuppression in serious chronic condition such as HIV and cancer patients on immunosuppresion medications. The new COVID-19 pandemic has caused acute respiratory distress syndrome in many patients, which poses a risk of super-infections including Candida strains causing oral candidiasis as well as invasive fungal infections. The aim of the study was to examine the association between COVID-19 and oral and general candidiasis. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The i2b2 data repository platform was used to analyze the interrelations between COVID-19, oral candidiasis, and total candidiasis in a hospital population. ICD diagnoses codes were used to generate queries on total numbers and demographic data on COVID-19, oral candidasis, total candidasis, and COVID-19 with each form of candidasis. RESULTS: From the 889 patients diagnosed with COVID-19, 106 (12%) were diagnosed with candidiasis at large and 14 (1.6%) had oral candidiasis. The odds ratio (OR) for COVID-19 in the presence of oral candidiasis was 2.01 (95% CI 1.1870 to 3.4143, P = .094) and the OR for COVID-19 in the presence of candidiasis was 3.73 (95% CI 3.0419 to 4.5847, P < .0001 ). African American were disproportionally affected and comprised about 40% of the COVID-19/candidiasis groups. CONCLUSIONS: Total candidiasis was significantly associated with increased risk for COVID-19, whereas oral candidiasis showed an insignificant trend. The dental practitioner should be aware of the importance of unexplained oral and systemic candidiasis as a potential harbinger of T and B cell immunosuppression associated with viral in-fections. COVID-19 may be a risk factor for total candidiasis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Candidiasis, Oral , Candidiasis , Candidiasis, Oral/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dentists , Humans , Pandemics , Pilot Projects , Prevalence , Professional Role , Registries , SARS-CoV-2
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