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1.
Tourism Planning & Development ; JOUR: 1-24,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2107178

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has severely affected the tourism industry, with national lockdowns aimed at curbing the spread of the virus mandating travel restrictions and prohibiting events and gatherings. The shift to online video conferencing tools, which offer limited interactivity, has spurred the need to integrate augmented reality (AR) in various contexts, such as meetings, exhibitions, museums, and travel. This quantitative study examines visitors' perspectives on AR-based apps in tourism. It investigates the influence of three kinds of quality determinants, such as information quality, system quality, and service quality, on visitors' perspectives on AR apps. Their impact on visitor satisfaction ultimately triggers visitors to reuse AR-based mobile apps. The research makes a theoretical contribution to the literature on AR and the quality dimensions of mobile apps. We expect demand for AR-based apps to rapidly increase, as people continue to follow preventive measures even after COVID-19.

2.
Tourism Management ; JOUR, 95.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2106062

ABSTRACT

This study analyzes the survival status of shared and non-shared listings in the peer-to-peer accommodation market. Using a large data set from Airbnb in Beijing, we identify 8640 shared listings and 50,741 non-shared listings. We then investigate the exit event and the identity transition event for both types of listings by applying a discrete-time hazard model. Our results suggest that, for the exit event, the two types of listings show significant differences in terms of survival determinants, including response time, tourism specialization, market volume, professionalization, and Covid-19. For the identity transition event, we find that internal flow exists in the market, mainly from shared listings to non-shared listings, and this flow is influenced by certain factors (i.e., capacity, facility, rating, reviews, minimum stay, service quality, tourism specialization, market volume, plat-form professionalization, and Covid-19).

3.
cultural geographies ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2098252

ABSTRACT

This article enquires how 'spatial hinges' between author Philip Pullman's series The Book of Dust and different sites are unexpected and elusive, but may opened by mindfulness. Natalie Goldberg's mindful writing practice techniques are used as an interpretative instrument to measure this hinging together of parallel worlds. The research data amalgamates interviews with Oxford fantasy tour guides conducted before COVID 19 restrictions with writing sprints about Lockdown walks in both a local park and on a guided tour of 'Philip Pullman's Oxford'. The data reveals how a secret commonwealth of elves and fairies infuse the parks with otherworldly, unexpected and exaggerated bucolic awakenings and intersubjectivity, exposing ancient mythical places, including a holloway. On a tour of Oxford, the imaginative storytelling techniques of the guide include impromptu flights of fancy and tilted perspectives that contribute to an atmosphere of unlikeliness, suggestive of Pullman's texts. In addition, an experience of getting lost or 'de-touring', leads to unexpected encounters with the affective mystical presence of Pullman's novels. The findings conclude that mindfulness may create a state of attunement to the reverberations of the opening of spatial hinges, allowing stories to reveal themselves spontaneously.

4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 808, 2022 Oct 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098321

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In 2020, the Japanese government implemented first of two Go To Travel campaigns to promote the tourism sector as well as eating and drinking establishments, especially in remote areas. The present study aimed to explore the relationship between enhanced travel and geographic propagation of COVID-19 across Japan, focusing on the second campaign with nationwide large-scale economic boost in 2020. METHODS: We carried out an interrupted time-series analysis to identify the possible cause-outcome relationship between the Go To Travel campaign and the spread of infection to nonurban areas in Japan. Specifically, we counted the number of prefectures that experienced a weekly incidence of three, five, and seven COVID-19 cases or more per 100,000 population, and we compared the rate of change before and after the campaign. RESULTS: Three threshold values and three different models identified an increasing number of prefectures above the threshold, indicating that the inter-prefectural spread intensified following the launch of the second Go To Travel campaign from October 1st, 2020. The simplest model that accounted for an increase in the rate of change only provided the best fit. We estimated that 0.24 (95% confidence interval 0.15 to 0.34) additional prefectures newly exceeded five COVID-19 cases per 100,000 population per week during the second campaign. CONCLUSIONS: The enhanced movement resulting from the Go To Travel campaign facilitated spatial spread of COVID-19 from urban to nonurban locations, where health-care capacity may have been limited.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Japan/epidemiology , Travel , Hospital Bed Capacity , Incidence
5.
Ijtihad: Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan ; JOUR(1):73-94, 22.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2091160

ABSTRACT

The halal tourism industry is an emerging sector that has recently become a global trend in economic development in many countries. However, in various regions in Indonesia, halal tourism triggers anomalies and raises pros and cons. This article aims to explore the construction of halal tourism development in five regions in Indonesia. It seeks to formulate a sustainable halal tourism regulatory model that is based on plurality and local wisdoms of the local community. This study uses a legal research method, with a critical-constructive approach. The findings from this study conclude that the development of halal tourism regulations in various regions shows a positive and dynamic direction in line with the configuration of regional tourism policies, which needs to be continuously encouraged and accelerated. As such, amid these positive trends and dynamics, regional halal tourism development needs to adopt a sustainable halal tourism regulatory model that is based on community plurality and is responsive to local wisdoms. This article supports the realization of a sustainable halal tourism policy following the Covid-19 pandemic in the midst of a plurality of regional communities © 2022, Ijtihad: Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan.All Rights Reserved.

6.
2022 17th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies (Cisti) ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2084156

ABSTRACT

Tourism is facing serious difficulties worldwide due to the global pandemic COVID-19, translating considerably into an industry effort to compete in the marketplace. In effect, sustainable tourism is considered to have a symbiotic relationship with competitiveness that will allow organisations to make a difference. This means that the sustainability factors are positively related to the competitiveness indicators. In this context, as the oliviculture sector faces challenges in a changing market in terms of ecological, demographic, and consumption practices changes, it is considered that sustainable tourism will enable the sector to make a difference. For, the environmental and social changes of the stakeholders enhance the promotion of sustainability to meet their needs, which in turn increases the sector's competitive advantage. In this respect, the present study was based on a literature review consolidated in a bibliometric analysis to analyse sustainable tourism as a driver of competitiveness in the oliviculture industry. For this purpose, the Scopus database was used, in which 157 full articles published until September 2021 were obtained. Based on the results, using the Bibliometrix R, it was found that research in this field has emerged in the last 20 years and focuses particularly on the terms "competitiveness", "ecotourism" and "tourism development". In addition, the countries with the highest scientific production and citations, the main sources of publication in this field of research, the documents with the most citations as well as the co-citations between authors were analysed. Through bibliometric analysis, it is possible to provide researchers, policy-makers and managers with a current view of the undoubted role that sustainable tourism plays in the competitiveness of the olive sector. Considering the trends, it is therefore expected to contribute bases for future strategies aimed at overcoming obstacles, overcoming challenges, and seizing opportunities for a more competitive sector.

7.
International Journal of Emerging Markets ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082845

ABSTRACT

Purpose This paper provides new evidence on Indian tourism firms by investigating the role of a firm's financial conditions typified by its leverage, earnings, size, cash holdings, and excess cash in moderating the pandemic-led idiosyncratic volatility in its stock prices. Design/methodology/approach The authors employ a firm-level panel comprising 82 publicly-listed tourism firms from India. Firm risk is estimated for the period beginning January 2020 to December 2020. Findings This paper finds non-linear effects of the pandemic on the idiosyncratic risk of the sample firms. Precisely, stock price volatility rises, but as the market absorbs this information, volatility subsides even as the disease spreads further. Further, lower levels of past debt and earnings and higher cash holdings ameliorate the pandemic's effects on tourism firms' risk. Contrasting the view that "excess" cash reflects poor operational performance, we show that "excess" cash firms are better prepared to face the adverse effects of the pandemic. Research limitations/implications This study's sample period fully encompasses the first wave of the pandemic (January-December 2020) of the novel coronavirus infection spread. Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study to assess the moderating effects of company fundamentals on the risk of Indian tourism firms. In doing so, the authors account for non-linear effects of the pandemic on firms' idiosyncratic volatility over time.

8.
Twelfth International Convention of Asia Scholars (Icas 12) ; JOUR: 560-568,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082489

ABSTRACT

From luxury brands to electronics, China has a reputation for copying products from the Western world and beyond. This characteristic of reproducing identically was taken to its climax by building, from the 2000s, copies of European cities. Real estate developers have sensed the profit and have undertaken gigantic construction works to satisfy a new Chinese clientele who have traveled extensively in Europe. However, these achievements as residential projects did not find their audience, probably due to an urban atmosphere far removed from Chinese cultural codes. Visiting an exotic city for a day is one thing, staying there and living for years is another. While the Coronavirus pandemic was catastrophic for many tourist sites around the world, these reproductions of European cities could take advantage of this situation thanks to Chinese visitors who can no longer travel to Europe due to the closed borders. The health crisis could even revitalize the unattractive housing sector. This text, following our communication at ICAS 12 relates our research project which began in December 2019 but which never succeeded due to a pandemic hampering travel to China. Two years later, because we have never been able to investigate our subject in China, we are unable to give concrete results but only hypotheses and research orientations. The first part of our text evokes our initial project which concerns the tourist reconversion of these cities with architecture from elsewhere, a subject in correlation with our previous works about simulacrum and tourist imaginaries. The second part focuses on the direction our project has taken through the health crisis: the new hypotheses, the difficulties encountered, and the methodologies envisaged.

9.
Museum Management and Curatorship ; JOUR: 1-18,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082421

ABSTRACT

This paper recommends the marketing mix modelling methodology for improving the marketing and exhibition activities at museums and art galleries as it can complement other currently used methods such as surveys or qualitative research. Focus is placed on the Zacheta - National Gallery of Art. Econometric modelling is used to quantify the impact of independent factors (e.g., weather, holidays, events and COVID-19 pandemic) on the popularity of the gallery. The impact of the media and individual exhibition types are analysed in relation to visitor interest. Recommendations for the planning of future activities are made.

10.
SSRN;
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-346202

ABSTRACT

We examine the structure, recent and expected performance, and fiscal implications of the local lodging tax. Lodging taxes have become a uniquely important and interesting local revenue source as the pandemic has restructured many long-standing assumptions about the relationship between place and economic activity. We find that recent hotel revenue performance—a key proxy for lodging tax revenues—varies considerably across regions. Markets focused primarily on leisure travel have recovered to and often exceeded their pre-pandemic levels, where markets focused on commercial travel have generally not returned to their pre-pandemic levels. We show that this leisure vs. commercial market distinction is also a strong predictor of hotel revenue recovery since the pandemic. Local lodging taxes are a comparatively small share of general local revenues, but have noteworthy local fiscal implications nonetheless. In many jurisdictions they are equivalent to more than one-quarter of total non-property tax revenues. We also find that lodging taxes support roughly $14 billion in outstanding municipal debt, including several large bond issues in markets where lodging tax revenues have recovered slowly.

11.
SSRN;
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-346166

ABSTRACT

This paper examines tourism persistence in a group of Southeastern European (SEE) countries (Albania, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia) by applying fractional integration methods to monthly data on foreign tourist arrivals and overnight stays. The results indicate that the COVID-19 pandemic has increased the degree of persistence of the series examined and also reduced the importance of their seasonal component.

12.
International Journal of Public Health Science ; 11(4):1391-1398, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2080927

ABSTRACT

The compliance level of beach tourism workers is the most important factor to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread in tourism destinations. The availability of hand washing facilities and COVID-19 health protocol media can influence beach tourism workers' compliance with hand washing with soap (HWWS). The study aimed to determine the related factors toward HWWS compliance level among beach tourism workers. A cross-setional study involved 60 beach tourism workers recruited using total sampling technique from September to November 2021. Questionnaires were used to assess the availability of hand washing facilities, health protocol media, and HWWS compliance levels in beach tourism workers. The descriptive and Fisher’s tests are used in the analysis. The findings demonstrated that majority of respondents support the availability of hand washing facilities, the COVID-19 health protocols media, and had a good HWWS compliance among beach tourism workers. We concluded that the availability of hand washing facilities as main factor with related to HWWS compliance level among beach tourism workers. © 2022, Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama. All rights reserved.

13.
Sustainability ; 13(23), 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2080476

ABSTRACT

International esteem for Galapagos' natural wonders and the democratization of travel have contributed to a 300% increase in annual tourist entries to the archipelago from 2000 (68,989) to 2018 (275,817). The attendant spike in tourism-related anthropogenic impact coupled with deficient infrastructure development has put the archipelago's natural capital and carrying capacity at risk. The complex nature of Galapagos' food insecurity is linked to the archipelago's geographic isolation, its diminishing agricultural workforce, international tourists' demand for recognizable food, and a lack of investment in sustainable and innovative agricultural futures. Food security is key to the long-term well-being of Galapaguenos, who sustain Galapagos' tourism industry. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has further exposed the vulnerability of human systems in Galapagos, especially the fragility of Galapagos' ecotourism dependency. Galapaguenos' struggle to endure the tourism sector's slow rebound following the 2020 travel restrictions points to an urgent need to implement food security measures as an indispensable component of the archipelago's long-term sustainability plan. This article presents ethnographic data to discuss the tourism sector's impact on local food systems, Galapaguenos' right to food sovereignty, efforts to increase agricultural production, and why strengthening institutional partnerships is vital to Galapagos' food self-sufficiency.

14.
Sustainability ; 14(12), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2080469

ABSTRACT

The current COVID-19 pandemic has led to the acceleration of the digitization process and to a shifting to Industry 4.0. Blockchain (BC) is one of the technologies that has been introduced worldwide in recent years. It has been beneficial for the tourism industry, in addition to many other sectors. This article investigates the advantages and disadvantages of BC adoption in the tourism industry, as well as the possible solutions to overcome the challenges. This paper conducts a systematic literature review (SLR) that consists of the operations for detecting, selecting, categorizing, and analyzing relevant articles on a specified subject. It is evident from the results that the majority of the academic works illustrate the benefits of BC implementation and explain its potential by providing diverse models of BC-based systems. However, since BC is a young technology, numerous challenges have appeared on the path to its full adoption in the tourism industry. Possible solutions are the achievement of a collaborative approach among the stakeholders, the deepening of academic research in the field, testing more models of BC-based systems, and the establishment of relevant policies. Consequently, the implications for the theory, practice, policy, and research of this work are significant.

15.
Sustainability ; 14(12), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2080464

ABSTRACT

The tourism industry is one of the most affected industries by the COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding travel motivation is necessary for the tourism movement, even in the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, this quantitative study aimed to explore travel motivation and its determinants. We collected 181 samples through a web-based questionnaire survey of the Nepali people in January and February 2021. The data were analyzed using a probit regression model through two different travel companion perspectives, i.e., traveling with friends and traveling with family members. We found that travel motivation, attributes, travel purpose, and transport mode preferences differed in companion groups. Specifically, those who want to travel with friends are government employees, 20-29 years of age, set health and wellness purposes, choose the bike for transportation, are less willing to visit homestay and agritourism, and want to travel for around one week. Those who plan to travel with family members use the coach to travel, choose rural destinations, including villages, and spend around two weeks. Based on these findings, we suggest that the Nepalese tourism destination and public transport companies make tourism packages targeting the groups. Since both groups showed interest in visiting rural destinations, we can say that tourism in rural destinations may revive earlier than urban tourism after the pandemic. However, a low-risk travel environment should be ensured for traveling to attract more tourists during and the post-disaster.

16.
Journal of Tourism Futures ; 8(3):282-297, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2078122

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This paper aims to examine critically the literature on transformational tourism and explore a research agenda for a post-COVID future. Design/methodology/approach: A systematic review of the transformational tourism literature is performed over a 42-year period from 1978 to 2020. Findings: Further research is required in terms of how transformative experiences should be calibrated and measured both in qualitative and quantitative terms, particularly from the perspective of how tourists are transformed by their experiences. Similarly, the nature and depth of these transformative processes remain poorly understood, particularly given the many different types of tourism associated with transformative experiences, which range from religious pilgrimages to backpacking and include several forms of ecotourism. Practical implications: Future research directions for transformational tourism are discussed with regard to how COVID-19 will transform the dynamics of tourism and travel, including the role of new smart technologies in the creation of enhanced transformational experiences, and the changing expectations and perceptions of transformative travel in the post-COVID era. In addition, the researchers call for future studies on transformational tourism to explore the role of host communities in the delivery of meaningful visitor experiences. Originality/value: Transformational tourism is an emerging body of research, which has attracted a growing level of interest among tourism scholars in recent years. However, to this date, a systematic review of published literature in this field has not been conducted yet in a holistic sense. This paper offers a framework for future research in this field.

17.
Eval Rev ; : 193841X221132125, 2022 Oct 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2079149

ABSTRACT

Uncertainty is an overarching aspect of life that is particularly pertinent to the present COVID-19 pandemic crisis; as seen by the pandemic's rapid worldwide spread, the nature and level of uncertainty have possibly increased due to the possible disconnects across national borders. The entire economy, especially the tourism industry, has been dramatically impacted by COVID-19. In the current study, we explore the impact of economic policy uncertainty (EPU) and pandemic uncertainty (PU) on inbound international tourism by using data gathered from Italy, Spain, and the United States for the years 1995-2021. Using the Quantile on Quantile (QQ) approach, the study confirms that EPU and PU negatively affected inbound tourism in all states. Wavelet-based Granger causality further reveals bi-directional causality running from EPU to inbound tourism and unidirectional causality from PU to inbound tourism in the long run. The overall findings show that COVID-19 has had a strong negative effect on tourism. So resilient skills are required to restore a sustainable tourism industry.

18.
Perspectives on Geographical Marginality ; 7:177-189, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2075277

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has reached dimensions and caused impacts which were never predicted. 2020 will remain in history as the year in which all global economic activity was largely suspended with the tourism sector being the most affected single sector. Managing tourism and strengthening resilience in response to the pandemic has gained an increasing importance in a globalised world, where changes and interrelationships have become increasingly complex. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that natural risks are not the only factors responsible for the marginalisation of many touristic areas. In this chapter, the impact of the pandemic on tourism, and what it means for our understanding of resilience and marginality is examined, before looking at the situation in Porto. In this city, literary tourism is explored as a valuable new and alternate form of tourism in a post-pandemic world to address marginalisation. The starting point for the discussion is about the possibility of inviting tourists to Porto through a focus on literature, and, in that sense, we will present a reflection about literary tourism as an innovative tourist opportunity that can expand touristic offer to new audiences and minimise the marginalisation effects caused by the lockdown imposed by the pandemic. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

19.
Ann Tour Res ; 90: 103120, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2075911
20.
Tec Empresarial ; 16(3):72-91, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072332

ABSTRACT

This research evaluates response strategies to crisis communication, in terms of perceived risks, in organizations during the Covid-19 pandemic by studying the main discussion topics in social media. The data was collected from Twitter between March and April 2020. By using big data software, a total number of 3559255 tweets in different languages were extracted worldwide from Twitter API of popular hashtags on the Covid-19 pandemic. The data processing was carried out through the association of terms in order to identify patterns and relationships in the discussion topics. The results indicate that the relationships of the terms "crisis" and "risks" were statistically significant with seven important topics for businesses, users, and consumers: "business", "economic and financial", "social"," health"," work"," family" and "government";and in turn these seven topics are related to other terms related to the impact of the crisis, the response to the crisis, aid, the watch out, and support. This research has implications for the situational crisis communication theory by showing that in situations with high perceived risk, such as the Covid-19 pandemic crisis, the use of crisis response strategies predominates in organizations. This research also has implications for managers who can use crisis response strategies to rebuild their reputation and avoid market losses, thus helping to reduce the effects of unpredictable crisis situations.

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