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1.
Business Inform ; 7:155-161, 2022.
Article in Bulgarian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2057037

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to identify the features, problems and perspectives in the development of international tourism in the post-covid world. Analyzing the statistical and forecast data of relevant international organizations, as well as expert opinions of market practitioners, a significant dependence of the tourism system on exogenous factors of negative impact is revealed, and COVID-19 is viewed as the largest crisis in terms of consequences, because the highly globalized world itself contributes to the large-scale and rapid spread of the pandemic. For the purpose of comparative analysis of the periods of development of tourist activity in the world, the following indicators were analyzed: the dynamics of the growth rate of the world economy and world tourism;dynamics of development of sectors of the world economy with the separation of the place of tourism;regional dynamics of international tourist arrivals and revenues from international tourism;loss of jobs in the tourism industry by region of the world as result of the spread of COVID-19, reduced business activity and tourist mobility. All indicators show a significant reduction and there is a relationship with the overall economic and social environment of countries. As result of the study, the main vectors of public policy on countering the consequences of COVID-19 in the tourism sector are defined and attention is focused on the need for consolidated precise and timely actions at all management levels: local, national, and international. An algorithm for overcoming the crisis phenomena in the tourism business caused by the pandemic has been developed, which provides for a set of consistent measures aimed at managing and controlling the crisis, stabilizing the market situation and accelerating the revitalization of the industry, as well as developing a new paradigm for the functioning of world tourism in post- covid realities. Trend tendencies in the further development of international tourism activities are proposed, taking into account changes in consumer preferences, namely: digitalization, virtualization, shifting the vector to domestic tourism, staycation and workation, wellness tourism, deeper awareness of the need for further implementation of the principles of sustainable development, etc.

2.
Espaces, Tourisme & Loisirs ; 358:93-100, 2021.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046953

ABSTRACT

From March to September 2020, the International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism launched a study with 23 countries to know the measures taken by the public authorities to support the sector during the COVID-19 crisis, to detail the strategies of tourism players to deal with it, to define the rebound in the short and medium term, and finally to imagine the future of tourism, with or without COVID-19. The results of this survey are instructive and also show the many similarities in contexts and reactions around the world.

3.
Working Paper - University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa 2022. (2022-4):29 pp. 37 ref. ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045056

ABSTRACT

The economy of Hawaii was extremely vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic due to its heavy reliance on tourism. This article is a thorough survey of issues affecting a tourism-dependent open economy during the COVID-19 pandemic. We provide a comprehensive analysis of the pandemicaTMs economic impact in Hawaii by comparing the actual outcomes during the affected period with the pre-pandemic forecast. We explain why HawaiiaTMs experience differed from other states, suggest reasons for a slow recovery, and discuss the pandemicaTMs lasting effects in the Islands. We also describe changes in the economic forecasting process necessitated by the increase in uncertainty.

4.
Island Studies Journal ; 17(1):26-84, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2044736

ABSTRACT

This section contains three papers dealing with: toxic colonialism in Ilet la Mere, French Guiana;the isolation of Mediterranean islands from COVID-19 and the recovery of their tourism economy;and the effect of colonialism and neocolonialism on the response of Barbuda and Puerto Rico to COVID-19.

5.
Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies ; 10(1):8-14, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040580

ABSTRACT

This second-term research examined the dynamics of Bancakan Salak cultural tourism after being hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. Knowing how the tourism strategy was implemented in the times of pandemic and what were the tips to be able to survive in this limited condition were two interesting things this article studied. Like many other tourist attractions, Bancakan Salak cultural tourism was also affected by the pandemic. Yet, as previous research has concluded, Galengdowo's local society had three essential traditional values reflected in Bancakan Salak cultural tourism that helped them to get through this situation. These three values were collectivism, gratitude, and almsgiving. These three values also created further key concepts in responding to the pandemic, the importance of resilience, and innovation. Using qualitative method (in-depth interview) combined with the observation participatory method, and also ABCD (asset-based community development), this article highlighted the crucial role of human basic needs resilience and socio-cultural resilience. Because in the era of globalization nowadays, connectivity had proven could be substituted by collectivism, gratitude, almsgiving, and other traditional values that hold tight the element of togetherness. This article also highlighted the role played by cultural assets and personal assets to build villages' capacity. In the end, Bancakan Salak and its tourism industry in Galengdowo was hit by the pandemic and Galengdowo's local society responded with resilience and innovation.

6.
Caderno Virtual de Turismo ; 22(2):28-41, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040528

ABSTRACT

The municipality of Florianopolis has tourism, hotels and events as an important development sector. During the Covid-19 pandemic, the sector was greatly affected due to the reduction in the mobility of people and measures to control the contagion. In order to identify and understand the lessons learned by professionals in the public tourism sector in Florianopolis during the management of the pandemic in 2020, six professionals from the Municipal Secretariat of Tourism, Technology and Economic Development were interviewed. For data analysis, the qualitative method of thematic analysis was used. The results show eight sets of interrelated themes that aggregate learning: technical decisions and health protocols;information and communication;learning and capacity building;organizational resilience;resumption and recovery;personal lessons;supervision and penalty;change in the form of tourism.

7.
Information Technology and Tourism ; 24(2):165-179, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2035475

ABSTRACT

This viewpoint article proposes an enabling framework that identifies the use of various blockchain technologies in tourism and their applications (digitalization, automation, disintermediation, and intelligent environment) across the different stages of travel (pre-trip, during the trip, and post-trip). As we know, the tourism sector contributes immensely to world GDP and job creation. However, the COVID-19 pandemic, even after two years since it first appeared, continues to adversely impact the tourism prospects of countries across the world due to nationwide lockdowns and travel restrictions. As the world tries to adapt to the "new normal," the tourism sector is forced to re-think its ways of doing business and bring about innovations to facilitate the new norms of contactless and safe transactions. Also, the sector, more than ever, need to effectively deal with its inherent challenges such as transparency and credibility of information, fraudulent practices, opportunistic behavior of intermediaries, and foreign currency risks. Blockchain technology can transform the tourism sector by offering innovative solutions that address its pressing issues. However, our current understanding of blockchain application in tourism is quite limited, with previous work being largely fragmented and narrow in terms of both scope and application. We foresee that the insights offered in this viewpoint, including the framework, will advance both theory and practice and facilitate the implementation of blockchain-enabled solutions across different travel stages.

8.
Tourism and Hospitality International Journal ; 18(2):55-58, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034432

ABSTRACT

This article discusses the state of the tourism industry during the COVID-19 pandemic and how information and communication technologies (ICTs) can be used to make a valuable contribution to this sector. ICTs have become an important factor in building resilience in tourism. They have played an extremely important role during the course of the current pandemic.

9.
Estudios Turisticos ; 220:53-68, 2020.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034326

ABSTRACT

Spain experiments an excellent period regarding the production of large motion-picture works. not only films but also television series. Nevertheless, the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic present difficulties to recover the level of activity experimented before March 2020. All in all, besides the evolution of the health situation, the industry is showing proof enough of its ability to recover and adapt to the new circumstances.

10.
Sixth International Scientific Conference, Tourism challenges amid Covid ; 19:3-5, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026839

ABSTRACT

The occurance of the COVID pandemic in 2020 caused major health problems to the population and the world economy, an economic crisis with an evident decline in financial and productive power, rising unemployment and falling living standards. Unemployment and declining living standards were reflected in tourism trends, which were largely absent in such conditions. Following the stated assumptions, the purpose and goal of this paper is to investigate the impact of the COVID pandemic in the segments of tourist trends on the example of the Istrian tourist destination. The research was conducted from a theoretical and empirical point of view. Theoretical research is focused on finding relevant insights into the impact of the COVID pandemic on tourism trends. Empirical research based on statistical indicators will determine the quantitative impact of the pandemic on tourism trends.

11.
Cactus the Tourism Journal for Research, Education, Culture and Soul ; 4(1):87-94, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026317

ABSTRACT

The pandemic situation that began in 2019 directly affected all industries. The most affected industries are: airlines, cruises, HORECA, entertainment, etc. The restaurant industry, which is part of the HORECA industry, was severely affected throughout the world. The industry faced many restrictions in 2020 and 2021. Among most common, we can mention: temporary suspension of the activity, limited operating hours and available seats, access restrictions (like EU Green Certificate, for indoor activities), etc. As a response to legal regulations in order to avoid the spread of the virus, but also to prevent a further economic downturn, each industry had to take various measures. This article contains a theoretical overview of the evolution of the restaurant industry during the pandemic, from March 2020 to the present day. An analysis, based on qualitative research, of representative restaurants, in their category, for Romania shows how different actions were taken to adapt to the new normal. Furthermore, the research presents an important view of the future of the industry. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the changes produced and the adaptability of the restaurant industry to the current and ever-changing situation. The results revealed many interesting measures that similar companies and hope for better times.

12.
Cactus the Tourism Journal for Research, Education, Culture and Soul ; 4(1):79-86, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026316

ABSTRACT

The tourism industry has been seriously affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, both from a social and from an economic perspective. Despite showing signs of resilience, the negative repercussions on tourism-related activities have been serious, the hospitality industry proving to be the most sensitive in the face of the sanitary and economic crises which started more than a year ago. Even though the full (and cumulative) impact of the events which shaped the current global situation cannot be quantified without a high degree of uncertainty, the negative effects are visible in the economies of many countries, around the world, at microeconomic, macroeconomic and behavioural levels (for businesses and individuals). Usually, such economic, social, sanitary crises or other extreme circumstances (terrorism, natural disasters) trigger a change in the behaviour of tourists, the differences being dependent on region, country, etc. Thus, given the current economic and social context, this paper focuses on the behavioural change of the Romanian tourists. The practical purpose of this research is to show the agents working in the tourism industry on which aspects to focus more and how to diversify their offer based on the change in demand specific to the "new normal". The most recent research conducted by experts has shown that the pandemic has negative effects on travel intention for multiple reasons, among them being the selectivity in choosing the destination based on criteria such as the increased need for hygiene and healthcare conditions, for travel insurance, etc.

13.
Cactus the Tourism Journal for Research, Education, Culture and Soul ; 4(1):42-53, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026314

ABSTRACT

Tourism is considered as one of the most relevant economic sectors at international level due to the multiple roles it holds, namely: economic, social role, cultural, educational and political. The COVID-19 pandemic caused significant damage globally and has expanded very quickly across the world by affecting almost all the industries due to the restrictions, lockdowns and quarantines. As a result of the pandemic crisis, the tourism sector was severely affected. Therefore, this paper aim is to reflect the negative and positive effects of the pandemic with SARS-COV-2 virus on tourism, and also to highlight the relevance and sensitivity of this sector during crisis events. The study focuses on the negative effects suffered by this sector during the pandemic, but also represents an effective opportunity to reconsider how that tourism interacts with our societies, thus, certain positive effects and strategies that were identified both on short and long- term, in order to try to minimize the shocks created by the pandemic. The economic crisis caused by the SARS-COV-2 virus has also encouraged inclining tourism towards upskilling, increasing the process of digitization of the ecosystem and protecting the environment.

14.
Tourism Review ; 77(5):1385-1399, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2018592

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This paper aims to explore the effects of leadership style and trust in leadership on employees' affective commitment under the epidemic situation. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 580 valid questionnaires were collected online targeting the hospitality and tourism employees working from home during the particular period of the COVID-19 Coronavirus crisis. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data with AMOS software. Findings: The findings indicated that perceived transformational leadership was a positive predictor of trust in leadership and affective commitment. In addition to the positive contribution to commitment, trust in leadership also mediated the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational commitment. Originality/value: The current study contributes to the literature on leadership and organizational commitment. The results of this study may provide a valuable guide to organizations, leaders and young employees.

15.
Revista Economica ; 73(Special Issue):355-370, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2012715

ABSTRACT

10% of the EU's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is generated by the tourism industry. In some countries like Greece or Malta, tourism accounts for 20-25% of those countries' GDP. According to the EU Commission, Spain generated around 145 billion euros in the tourism sector, while German hotels and tour operators generate around 240 billion euros a year. The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) estimates that during this coronavirus crisis, 96% of all tourist destinations in the world cannot be visited, thus calling for the restrictions to be ended as soon as possible in a coordinated global manner based on scientific health research. The economic situation of the tourism industry is catastrophic, not only in southern Europe along the Mediterranean Sea, but also in other parts of Europe, such as Germany. The tourism industry expects a drop of up to 70% in bookings this year. Meanwhile, the European Union (EU) Commission predicts that cruise companies will be the most affected with losses of up to 90%.

16.
Working Paper Series - National Bureau of Economic Research (Massachusetts) 2022. (w29729):19 pp. 19 ref. ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2002486

ABSTRACT

We study e-commerce across 47 economies and 26 industries during the COVID-19 pandemic using aggregated and anonymized transaction-level data from Mastercard, scaled to represent total consumer spending. The share of online transactions in total consumption increased more in economies with higher pre-pandemic e-commerce shares, exacerbating the digital divide across economies. Overall, the latest data suggest that these spikes in online spending shares are dissipating at the aggregate level, though there is variation across industries. In particular, the share of online spending in professional services and recreation has fallen below its pre-pandemic trend, but we observe a longer-lasting shift to digital in retail and restaurants.

17.
Espaces, Tourisme & Loisirs ; 355:86-92, 2020.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1999141

ABSTRACT

The two months of worldwide confinement have had a cataclysmic effect on the world of tourism. Some societal trends were strengthened during this period, others emerged, and some could disappear even when we thought they were dominant. The revolution in tourism expectations and offers will require a complete reinvention of economic models and relationships with territories. Perhaps this is a real chance for tourism to finally become one of the essential levers of the economy.

18.
Espaces, Tourisme & Loisirs ; 355:79-85, 2020.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1998792

ABSTRACT

The global confinement linked to COVID-19 has been conducive to reflections and exchanges between researchers around the world, which this article summarizes. In the short term, the coronavirus crisis will have destructive effects on the tourism industry. However, researchers think and even hope that the crisis will radically transform mobility on a global scale and that tourism will become more responsible and more sustainable. The crisis will not revolutionize the tourism industry overnight, but it will induce operational and strategic changes at several levels.

19.
Espaces, Tourisme & Loisirs ; 355:73-78, 2020.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1998753

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 crisis can be an opportunity to transform the current tourism model, characterized by strong inequalities of access, to imagine more sustainable, more resilient and more democratic tourism practices. This article projects into 2030 and describes what could be the sustainable, desirable and possible future of a tourism that has marked the programmed end of rapid carbon-intensive travel. This tourism reinvents the relationship to travel, places and people, and focuses on proximity and slowness.

20.
Espaces, Tourisme & Loisirs ; 355:109-114, 2020.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1998589

ABSTRACT

In Switzerland, the policies implemented to support the tourism sector during and after the current crisis do not mention the possibility of redirecting tourism towards taking greater account of its ecological and social consequences. Nevertheless, we can put forward the hypothesis that the longer the crisis lasts, the more the questioning of the system as it has worked so far should increase.

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