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1.
Insights into Imaging ; 13(1), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1837041

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe current global pandemic of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has profoundly impacted medical practitioners worldwide. This survey was formed by the Radiology Section of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) to establish the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) by European radiologists committed to providing face-to-face ultrasound services after the first few months of the COVID-19 global pandemic.ResultsThe results showed a heterogeneous picture within Europe regarding PPE used by European radiologists providing face-to-face ultrasound services. Ranging from full protection including full limb protection and double gloves to no PPE at all. In general, European radiologists were using more PPE when providing face-to-face ultrasound services in COVID-19 positive patients than in COVID-19 asymptomatic patients. In many member countries of the Radiology Section of the UEMS (19/30), there were no national guidelines with regard to the use of PPE by healthcare professionals committed to providing face-to-face ultrasound services.ConclusionsOur results showed that harmonization on a European level regarding the recommended use of PPE for European radiologists providing face-to-face ultrasound services is lacking. When the position statements and best practice recommendations on standards in ultrasound are revised, we recommend adding a paragraph on PPE.

2.
Vaccines ; 10(4), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1822468

ABSTRACT

A unique case of multiple metastatic melanoma skin nodules regression in a heavily pretreated, 72-year-old Caucasian female, after administering the second dose of the SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, is presented. Two days after vaccination, all her melanoma skin nodules became painful and were significantly reduced in size. Physical examination and ultrasound imaging confirmed the patient’s observation. The effect was sustained, and further reduction of the nodules occurred after the third vaccine dose. One of the reduced nodules was removed, histologically examined, and its histopathology was compared to that of another such nodule removed and examined earlier. Distinct differences were observed between the two histopathologies, with the most notable the unexpected finding of the absence of infiltrating lymphocytes in the reducer nodule’s melanoma tissue. Based on this observation, the possible immunological mechanism(s) leading to the vaccine’s effect are speculated. More possible is the vaccine’s antitumor and apoptotic activity via stimulation of the Tol Like Receptors 3, 7, and 8, and (downstream) the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of the activated B cells pathway of the non-lymphocytic immune effector cells.

3.
Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology ; 12, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1822356

ABSTRACT

Objective: The longitudinal effects of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection on the liver are unknown. This study aimed to characterize dynamic changes in liver function test abnormalities in patients with COVID-19 at the acute phase and recovery phase. Methods: A prospective cohort study involved patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to Shenzhen Third People’s Hospital between January 11, 2020, and April 27, 2020. Patients underwent liver function tests at hospitalization and at the outpatient visit at the 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, and 12-month follow-ups. Results: Among 461 patients, 28.4% of patients had any kind of liver function tests abnormality at admission, manifested as elevated ALT (13.0%), AST (17.6%), and GGT (15.8%) levels. The trajectory analysis indicated a marked improvement in liver function after discharge, with any kind of liver function test abnormalities of 25.1% at 1 month, 13.2% at 3 months, 16.7% at 6 months, and 13.2% at 12 months after discharge. Persistent liver function abnormalities were observed in patients with pre-existing conditions during follow-up. A significantly higher prevalence of ultrasound determined fatty liver disease was found in those patients with more frequent LFT abnormalities at follow-up. Conclusion: In this study of patients with COVID-19, liver damage in COVID-19 was usually temporary and could return to normal at the end of the 12-month follow-up.

4.
18th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) ; : 1406-1410, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822032

ABSTRACT

We propose using a pie-trained segmentation model to perform diagnostic classification in order to achieve better generalization and interpretability, terming the technique reverse-transfer learning. We present an architecture to convert segmentation models to classification models. We compare and contrast dense vs sparse segmentation labeling and study its impact on diagnostic classification. We compare the performance of U-Net trained with dense and sparse labels to segment A-lines, B-lines, and Pleural lines on custom dataset of lung ultrasound scans from 4 patients. Our experiments show that dense labels help reduce false positive detection. We study the classification capability of the dense and sparse trained U-Net and contrast it with a non-pretrained U-Net, to detect and differentiate COVID-19 and Pneumonia on a large ultrasound dataset of about 40k curvilinear and linear probe images. Our segmentation-based models perform better classification when using pretrained segmentation weights, with the dense-label pretrained U-Net performing the best.

5.
Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences ; 24(1):70-75, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1820637

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective: Intussusception is one of the most common causes of intestinal obstruction in children 5 months to 3 years, which is the most common cause of acute abdominal pain and its prevalence increases as a result of viral infection. In this report, were present a case of intussusception in a 17-years-old boy following COVID-19. Case Report: A 17-year-old adolescent boy with a known case of steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome from the age of two has been referred to the emergency department with severe abdominal pain and vomiting. On ultrasound, renal mass and free fluids were shown. Ileocecal intussusception was observed and was repaired without any complications. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, intussusception should be considered in every patient with nephrotic syndrome with COVID-19 infection.

6.
Journal fur Kardiologie ; 28(11-12):396-398, 2021.
Article in German | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1820562
7.
Diagnostics ; 12(4):16, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1820199

ABSTRACT

In lung ultrasound (LUS), the interactions between the acoustic pulse and the lung surface (including the pleura and a small subpleural layer of tissue) are crucial. Variations of the peripheral lung density and the subpleural alveolar shape and its configuration are typically connected to the presence of ultrasound artifacts and consolidations. COVID-19 pneumonia can give rise to a variety of pathological pulmonary changes ranging from mild diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), characterized by peripheral bilateral patchy lung involvement. These findings are well described in CT imaging and in anatomopathological cases. Ultrasound artifacts and consolidations are therefore expected signs in COVID-19 pneumonia because edema, DAD, lung hemorrhage, interstitial thickening, hyaline membranes, and infiltrative lung diseases when they arise in a subpleural position, generate ultrasound findings. This review analyzes the structure of the ultrasound images in the normal and pathological lung given our current knowledge, and the role of LUS in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with COVID-19 lung involvement.

8.
Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1819616

ABSTRACT

Ultrasonographic B-lines are artifacts present in alveolar-interstitial syndromes. We prospectively investigated optimal depth, gain, focal position and transducer type for B-line visualization and image quality. B-Lines were assessed at a single rib interspace with curvilinear and linear transducers. Video clips were acquired by changing parameters: depth (6, 12, 18 and 24 cm for curvilinear transducer, 4 and 8 cm for linear transducer), gain (10%, 50% and 90%) and focal position (at the pleural line or half the scanning depth). Clips were scored for B-lines and image quality. Five hundred sixteen clips were obtained and analyzed. The curvilinear transducer improved B-line visualization (63% vs. 37%, p < 0.0001), with higher image quality (3.52 ± 0.71 vs. 3.31 ± 0.86, p = 0.0047) compared with the linear transducer. B-Lines were better visualized at higher gains (curvilinear: gain of 50% vs. 10%, odds ratio = 7.04, 95% confidence interval: 4.03–12.3;gain of 90% vs. 10%, odds ratio = 9.48, 95% confidence interval: 5.28–17.0) and with the focal point at the pleural line (odds ratio = 1.64, 95% confidence interval: 1.02–2.63). Image quality was highest at 50% gain (p = 0.02) but decreased at 90% gain (p < 0.0001) and with the focal point at the pleural line (p < 0.0001). Image quality was highest at depths of 12–18 cm. B-Lines are best visualized using a curvilinear transducer with at least 50% gain and focal position at the pleural line. Gain less than 90% and image depth between 12 and 18 cm improve image quality.

9.
Acta Phlebologica ; 22(3):79-83, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818990

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This preliminary study aimed to evaluate the safety of radiofrequency (RF) thermoablation of the great saphenous vein (GSV) with immediate foam sclerotherapy of superficial tributary veins performed in the outpatient clinic (Hospital Department). Further, we also evaluated the cost reduction compared to the same procedure performed in the operating room. METHODS: Thirty patients were evaluated for RF thermoablation of the GSV. Foam sclerotherapy was performed with 1-3%sodium-tetra-decyl-sulphatefoam (Tessari’s method). We evaluated the possible risks of the procedure and methods to resolve them. We compared the costs of both procedures performed in the operating room and in the outpatient clinic. RESULTS: We had complete occlusion of the GSV in 28/30 patients (93.3%). Periodic check-up revealed a reflux through an anterior lateral saphenous vein in one patient and a long saphenous stump in another patient. There were no severe intraoperative complications. In two cases, it was necessary to convert the radiofrequency procedure into foam sclerotherapy (using the hollow probe as a long catheter in one case and using needle injection in the second case). In another case, it was necessary to perform surgical cannulation of the GSV. There were no severe postoperative complications. Moreover, the cost of the operating room procedure was € 1226.50, while that of the outpatient clinic procedure was € 1082.65 (cost reduction, 12.5%). CONCLUSIONS: This procedure is safe and sufficiently cost-effective to perform in an outpatient clinic and the operating room can hence be reserved for patients with more serious pathologies. These results should be validated in further studies with larger sample size.

10.
Research in Cardiovascular Medicine ; 11(1):6-12, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818466

ABSTRACT

Aim: Despite concerns about cardiovascular implications in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) patients, not all COVID-19 patients are visited by cardiologists and recommended to perform comprehensive cardiovascular assessments including measurement of biomarkers and echocardiography. We aimed to investigate the reasons for seeking cardiology care and to assess our cardiologists' diagnostic approaches to COVID-19 patients with potential cardiovascular involvement. Methods and Results: In this prospective, observational study, data of all consecutive COVID-19 patients admitted to six designated hospitals for COVID-19 in Iran in whom bedside cardiology consultation was requested were collected. A total of 148 patients including 105 (71%) males were included. The mean age was 57 ± 17 years. The most common reasons for cardiology consultation were dyspnea (56.7%), chest pain (12.8%), and suspected arrhythmias (10.8%). The most common comorbidities were hypertension (40.5%), diabetes mellitus (19.6%), and coronary heart disease (18.9%). A 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) was obtained in all patients. Point-of-care ultrasonography or limited transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed in 106 (71.6%) patients, and complete TTE was performed in 35 (23.4%) patients. Cardiac troponin was measured in 63 (42.6%) patients, and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide level was measured in 34 (23%) patients. Overall, 51 (34.5%) patients underwent invasive mechanical ventilation, inotropes were used in 29 (19.6%) patients, and 40 (27%) patients died. Conclusions: While preventing unnecessary investigations, the cardiologists should not overlook the lifesaving role of ubiquitous diagnostic modalities (such as ECG and TTE) in early detection and management of cardiac involvement in COVID-19.

11.
Frontiers in Endocrinology ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1817935

ABSTRACT

Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder caused by the lack of expression of genes on the paternally inherited chromosome region 15q11.2-q13. It is a multisystem disorder that is characterized by severe hypotonia with poor suck and feeding difficulties in early infancy, followed in early childhood by excessive eating and gradual development of morbid obesity. The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is high, particularly in obese patients. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease has also been reported in some patients with PWS. Liver adenomatosis is a benign vascular lesion of the liver, defined by the presence of >10 adenomas, in the otherwise healthy liver parenchyma. We report the first case of a patient with PWS with severe obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and non-alcoholic fatty liver who also developed liver adenomatosis, review the pediatric literature on liver adenomatosis, and discuss the potential underlying mechanisms.

12.
Journal for Vascular Ultrasound ; 46(1):19, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1817057

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Safe in-person care during the COVID-19 pandemic requires protection of personnel and patients. The aim of this study was to relate pandemic protocols to outcomes in a community vascular ultrasound facility. Methods: A multi-phase protocol was developed from published guidance, evolving understanding of the disease, consensus documents and local considerations. All staff were involved in the development of the protocol. All patients underwent triage, primary, secondary and final screening, as well as, instruction regarding safe behavior, distancing and PPE at arrival, testing and departure. Just-in-time arrival, final screening, traffic streaming, modified testing protocols, controlled time with the technologist and immediate departure was used. Environment cleaning was performed by the technologist. Patients were asked about their satisfaction with the process. Results: 1153 of 1260 patients were accepted for testing. Triage excluded 55 patients;40 had had recent testing and 15 were re-directed. Ninety patients declined to come in for testing. Ninety patients were excluded on primary, 0 in secondary and 0 at final screening. Thirty seven patients refused to come in and 25 were cancelled due to illness. One patient converted to positive one day after the visit and was reviewed in detail;no break in protocol had occurred and no transmission to staff or other patients occurred. No staff developed COVID-19 by symptoms or testing. Education was well-received by 90% of the patients. Language issues were a challenge in 250 patients;100 had an interpreter. All interpreters screened clear on the same protocol. Two patients refused to follow instructions upon arrival and were asked to leave. Modified testing resulted in required results in 92% of patients. Patients rated the preparation and protocols to be good 20%, very good 30% and excellent 50%. Conclusion/Discussion: Structured protocols can efficiently screen and safely manage patients for ultrasound testing in a community setting during the pandemic.

13.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(4):15615-15618, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1812706

ABSTRACT

Relevance: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. The prevalence rates of PCOS depend on the diagnostic criteria used and the characteristics of the population sample, and in the general population of women of reproductive age, the prevalence of the syndrome ranges from 6-9% to 19.9% [1,2]. According to modern criteria adopted by the consensus in Rotterdam, then systematically updated by ESHRE / ASRM (2014), the presence of two of the three criteria in a patient simultaneously allows to diagnose PCOS if other pathological conditions are excluded (thyroid pathology, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, adrenogenitalsyndrome, androgen-secreting tumors, Itsenko-Cushing syndrome). Modern international diagnostic criteria include the following signs: (1) signs of polycystic ovaries according to information from pelvic ultrasound investigation (the presence of more than 10 follicles in each ovary);(2) oligo-anovulation;(3) clinical (presence of hirsutism) or biochemical (increased androgen levels) development of ovarian hyperandrogenism [3, 4]. Polycystic ovary syndrome is closely related to many diseases, including metabolic syndrome. Although insulin resistance is an important risk factor for metabolic syndrome and other diseases associated with PCOS, hyperandrogenismmay also be an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and metabolic syndrome in female patients. Obesity is the most common symptom in PCOS patients (33-88%), which has a large impact on fertility and can lead to adverse effects such as menstrual irregularities, anovulation, infertility and abortion. Therefore, weight management in early PCOS is essential to improve fertility and quality of life. Hyperandrogenism plays a decisive role in abdominal obesity in obese women during adolescence, adulthood and menopause [5]. Although some studies have shown a negative association between plasma androgen levels (A4, DHEA and DHEAS) and obesity [6,7]. But the mechanism of how androgens affect fat cells in women is poorly understood. A number of observations show that among obese women with PCOS, metabolic disorders associated with insulin resistance and obesity, in many cases, play a more important role in the mechanism of anovulation in PCOS than excess androgens. In recent years, it has been established that in PCOS there is a frequent combination of hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance. With insulin resistance, there is a decrease in the response of insulin-sensitive tissues to the hormone insulin with its sufficient level in the blood. Insulin resistance is found in 30-70% of patients with PCOS who are overweight or obese, and in patients with normal body weight it occurs in 20-25% of cases. The above facts, as well as our own observations, prompted us to analyze the studied women of fertile age with impaired reproductive system against the background of overweight and obesity. Considering the above, the aim of this study was to identify the relationship between insulin resistance and reproductive disorders in women with overweight and obesity. Material and research methods. The study included 123 women with clinical development of HA and impaired reproductive function, who consulted the consultative clinic of the RSSPMC of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The criteria for inclusion in the main group were: age of women from 18 to 35 years (average age was 25.8 .. 3.28 years), absence of pregnancy, body mass index over 25 kg / m2. Exclusion criteria from the main group: type 1 and 2 diabetes, pituitary tumors, hypogonadotropichypogonadism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypothyroidism, severe somatic pathology. All patients who applied for the consultation underwent: (1) Collection of anamnestic information. (2) Measurement of anthropometric indicators (height, weight, waist and hip circumference) and assessment of body hair growth using the Ferriman-Hallway scale. (3) Body mass index was

14.
Intelligent Decision Technologies ; 16(1):127-144, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1809308

ABSTRACT

Due to the unavailability of specific vaccines or drugs to treat COVID-19 infection, the world has witnessed a rise in the human mortality rate. Currently, real time RT-PCR technique is widely accepted to detect the presence of the virus, but it is time consuming and has a high rate of eliciting false positives/negatives results. This has opened research avenues to identify substitute strategies to diagnose the infection. Related works in this direction have shown promising results when RT-PCR diagnosis is complemented with Chest imaging results. Finally integrating intelligence and automating diagnostic systems can improve the speed and efficiency of the diagnosis process which is extremely essential in the present scenario. This paper reviews the use of CT scan, Chest X-ray, lung ultrasound images for COVID-19 diagnosis, discusses the automation of chest image analysis using machine learning and deep learning models, elucidates the achievements, challenges, and future directions in this domain.

15.
Journal of Clinical Medicine ; 11(8):2256, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1809957

ABSTRACT

Accumulated data show the utility of diagnostic multi-organ point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) in the assessment of patients admitted to an internal medicine ward. We assessed whether multi-organ PoCUS (lung, cardiac, and abdomen) provides relevant diagnostic and/or therapeutic information in patients admitted for any reason to an internal medicine ward. We conducted a prospective, observational, and single-center study, at a secondary hospital. Multi-organ PoCUS was performed during the first 24 h of admission. The sonographer had access to the patients’ medical history, physical examination, and basic complementary tests performed in the Emergency Department (laboratory, X-ray, electrocardiogram). We considered a relevant ultrasound finding if it implied a significant diagnostic and/or therapeutic change. In the second semester of 2019, we enrolled 310 patients, 48.7% were male and the mean age was 70.5 years. Relevant ultrasound findings were detected in 86 patients (27.7%) and in 60 (19.3%) triggered a therapeutic change. These findings were associated with an older age (Mantel–Haenszel χ2 = 25.6;p < 0.001) and higher degree of dependency (Mantel–Haenszel χ2 = 5.7;p = 0.017). Multi-organ PoCUS provides relevant diagnostic information, complementing traditional physical examination, and facilitates therapy adjustment, regardless of the cause of admission. Multi-organ PoCUS to be useful need to be systematically integrated into the decision-making process in internal medicine.

16.
Foods ; 11(8):1098, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1809801

ABSTRACT

Kefiran is a heteropolysaccharide biopolymer usually extracted from kefir grains cultured in cow milk. Due to the lack of information on exopolysaccharides from other types of animal milk, in the present study, cow, buffalo and goat milks were used as raw materials for fermentation. The kefiran extractions from kefir grains were carried out with cold water (method I), hot water (method II) and mild heated water-ultrasound (method III), and then the recovery yield and the physicochemical properties of the kefirans were evaluated to establish the influence of both the extraction conditions and the type of milk. The highest yield was recorded for the cow kefiran using method III (4.79%). The recoveries of goat and buffalo kefirans with methods II and III were similar (2.75–2.81%). Method I had the lowest yields (0.15–0.48%). The physicochemical characteristics were studied with Fourier Transform-Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy showed the same qualitative profile for all the samples, regardless of the method and the type of milk, confirming that the extraction methods did not affect the chemical structure of the kefirans. Otherwise, the thermal and morphological features of the samples showed differences according to both the type of the milk and the extraction method. The kefiran samples were very thermally stable, having a temperature of degradation (Td) in the range from 264 to 354 °C. The resulting morphological and thermal differences could lead to different practical applications of kefirans in the fields of nutrition and pharmacology.

17.
Front Pediatr ; 10:859092, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1809484

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory syndrome secondary to SARS-CoV-2 virus infection has been declared a pandemic since December 2019. On neonates, severe presentations are infrequent but possible. Lung ultrasound (LUS) has been shown to be useful in diagnosing lung involvement and following up patients, giving more information, and reducing exposure compared to traditional examination. METHODS: LUS was performed after the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection with respiratory Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction RT-PCR with portable equipment protected with a silicone sleeve. If hemodynamic or cardiology consultation was necessary, a prepared complete ultrasound machine was used. Ten regions were explored (anterior superior and inferior, lateral, and posterior superior and inferior, right and left), and a semiquantitative score (LUSS) was calculated. Disease severity was determined with a pediatric modified score. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients with positive RT-PCR were admitted, 32 (81%) of which underwent LUS. Included patients had heterogenous diagnosis and gestational ages as expected on a referral neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) (median, ICR: 36, 30-38). LUS abnormalities found were B-line interstitial pattern 90%, irregular/interrupted/thick pleural line 88%, compact B-lines 65%, small consolidations (≤5 mm) 34%, and extensive consolidations (≥5 mm) 37%. Consolidations showed posterior predominance (70%). LUSS showed a median difference between levels of disease severity and ventilatory support (Kruskal-Wallis, p = 0.001) and decreased with patient improvement (Wilcoxon signed-rank test p = 0.005). There was a positive correlation between LUSS and FiO(2) needed (Spearman r = 0.72, p = 0.01). The most common recommendation to the attending team was pronation (41%) and increase in positive end expiratory pressure (34%). Five patients with comorbidities died. A significant rank difference of LUSS and FiO(2) needed between survivors and non-survivors was found (Mann-Whitney U-test, p = 0.005). CONCLUSION: LUS patterns found were like the ones described in other series (neonatal and pediatrics). Eighty-eight percent of the studies were performed with handheld affordable equipment. While there is no specific pattern, it varies according to gestational age and baseline diagnosis LUS, which were shown to be useful in assessing lung involvement that correlated with the degree of disease severity and respiratory support.

18.
Open Access Rheumatol ; 14:43-56, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1808970

ABSTRACT

Imaging has long been taking its place in the diagnosis, monitor, and prognosis of rheumatic diseases. It plays a vital role in the appraisal of treatment. Key progress in the clinical practice of rheumatology is the innovation of advanced imaging modalities;such as musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS), computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These modalities introduced a promising noninvasive method for visualizing bone and soft tissues to enable an improved diagnosis. The use of MSUS in rheumatology is considered a landmark in the evolution of the specialty and its ease of use and many applications in rheumatic diseases make it a forerunner instrument in the practice. The use of MSUS among rheumatologists must parallel the development rate of the excellence revealed in the specialty. Moreover, innovative interventional imaging in rheumatology (III-R) is gaining fame and key roles in the near future for a comprehensive management of rheumatic diseases with precision. This review article throws light on the emergence of these robust innovations that may reshape the guidelines and practice in rheumatology, in particular, efforts to enhance best practice during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic are endorsed.

19.
2nd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Smart Energy, ICAIS 2022 ; : 185-190, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1806906

ABSTRACT

Deep Learning techniques for ultrasound images, from the front end to the most advanced applications, are the potential effect of deep learning methods on many aspects of the analysis of the ultrasound images. The Covid-19 epidemic has exposed global health care vulnerabilities, especially in developing countries. Lung Ultra-Sound (LUS) imaging as a real-time analytic tool for lung injuries is superior to X-rays and similar to CT, enabling real-time diagnosis. Relying on operator training and experience is the main limitation of the range. COVID-19 lung ultrasonography mainly reflects the pattern of pneumonia, and pleural effusion is not common. The previous system does not provide image accuracy, clarity, it is cost-effective screening large-scale traditional tests are not possible. To overcome the issues, this work proposed the method Convolutional Multi -Facet Analytics (CMFA) algorithm for using the Lung Ultra-Sound (LUS) imaging. Initially start the Preprocessing step based on the Geometric Image Noise Filtering (GINT) for removed the image noises, and unwanted values from the images, second steps of the image processing for Feature selection using the K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) and Adaptive Gradient Boosting Algorithm (AGBA) for optimizing the image feature od efficient to reduce the same information form he original dataset. And then bagging with K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) and Adaptive Gradient Boosting Regression (AGBR) Algorithm estimate the images feature weights like (shape, size, etc.) to test, and verify the best combined classifier model splitting training and testing for feature selection and evaluating the results in Softmax activation function. Classified the train and test features using the Convolutional Multi-Facet Analytics (CMFA) algorithm for analyzing the variety of different important features from the dataset. The simulation results show that Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and Error rate score shows better results. © 2022 IEEE.

20.
Ann Med ; 54(1):1140-1149, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1805937

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is considered one of the most critical global health emergencies in the last century. The diagnostic approach to the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and its possible complications through a point-of-care-ultrasound (POCUS) evaluation could represent a good solution in the primary care setting. POCUS is a non-invasive technique that can be used outside hospitals to screen COVID-19 patients and their complications safely. Moreover, it offers several applications of diagnostic evaluation not only on lung parenchyma but also to search disease complications, such as the cardiovascular system, even at the patients' home. This narrative review aims to analyse the literature and provide data to primary care physicians engaged in monitoring and treating patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Key MessagesPOCUS is an important tool for the diagnostic approach in the primary care setting already before the start of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.Portable devices are useful in monitoring the clinical evolution of patients with infection from SARS-CoV-2 at home.The ultrasonographic features can help the general practice physicians to evaluate the presence of lung involvement and to diagnose complications from the SARS-CoV-2 infection involving districts such as the cardiovascular system.

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