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1.
Med Sci Educ ; : 1-8, 2023 Jan 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688012

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Physicians are at the centre of bench-to-bedside research, yet the number of physicians engaging in research is declining. One solution to overcome this alarming trend is exposing medical students to research. This study aims to assess the impact of engaging medical students in research, and the feasibility of conducting research solely using online communication. Methods: A pilot elective research opportunity was offered to medical students enrolled to the University of Malta Doctor of Medicine and Surgery course by a resident academic (summer 2021) of the same institute to assess the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Europe. An anonymous survey was distributed to seventy medical students recruited to participate in this elective research project. The data collected was analysed and interpreted. Results: A response rate of 88.73% was achieved. "Career progression" and "lack of time" were the most reported motivating and hindering factors towards conducting research, respectively, before engaging in a research experience. Research experience helped overcome reported barriers (p < 0.01), while also challenging students' perceptions towards research. An increase in positive perceptions towards research was observed after conducting research. An overwhelming majority (90.47%) of participants reported that mentorship played an influential role in their overall experience, and 95.24% commented that they would like research opportunities to be made available by their faculty. Discussion and Conclusion: Giving students the opportunity to conduct research demonstrated how research experience improves students' soft skills and the understanding of research. This study also portrayed how remote research opportunities are effective in engaging students and increased the number of students who would consider a career in research. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s40670-023-01727-w.

2.
Nurs Open ; 2023 Jan 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36611277

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate undergraduate nursing students' general study engagement using intra-individual assessment and to evaluate the impact of core self-evaluation and career calling on study engagement. DESIGN: A descriptive and cross-sectional design. METHODS: Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire survey. Four hundred and twenty nursing students from first- to fourth (final)-academic year in Guangzhou Medical University were invited to participate in the spring of 2021. The Cronbach's alpha, one-way analysis of variance, Bonferroni post hoc analysis, Pearson correlation analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis were used to analyse the data. RESULTS: The first- and fourth-year undergraduates showed significantly higher levels of study engagement (first-year undergraduates, 3.52 ± 0.59; fourth-year undergraduates, 3.54 ± 0.64), core self-evaluation (first-year undergraduates, 3.04 ± 0.48; fourth-year undergraduates, 3.11 ± 0.45) and career calling (first-year undergraduates, 3.65 ± 0.47; fourth-year undergraduates, 3.69 ± 0.50) than those of second-year undergraduates (study engagement, 3.32 ± 0.61; core self-evaluation, 2.93 ± 0.52; career calling, 3.41 ± 0.50) and third-year undergraduates (study engagement, 3.16 ± 0.61; core self-evaluation, 2.88 ± 0.50; career calling, 3.34 ± 0.38). The Pearson correlation analysis among nursing students revealed a significant positive correlation between core self-evaluation, career calling and study engagement (p < 0.01). A partial mediation effect of career calling was present in the relationship between core self-evaluation and study engagement.

3.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 1030148, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405913

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 epidemic has lasted for nearly 3 years, and revolutionized social life. In the study, in-depth interviews were conducted with Chinese undergraduate students to explore their understanding and experience of meaning in life. Meaning of life is interpreted from four aspects: life goals, life value, life enthusiasm, and life freedom. These four aspects are independent yet interrelated. Based on the free grasp of life, individuals explore and pursue the true meaning of life goals, acquire life value in evaluating the completion of life goals, and subsequently experience enthusiasm for life. Life enthusiasm and the perception of life value can help individuals to further understand and possess their meaning of life. Materials and methods: The present study adopts the qualitative method to understand the experience of meaning in life among Chinese undergraduate students. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, and six people participated the study. The Grounded Theory was adopted to analyze the qualitative data. Results: (1) Chinese undergraduates had clear life goals and obtained a certain sense of achievement and satisfaction when striving for these goals. (2) The life value of Chinese undergraduates was mainly to their families, but there was also a willingness to make due contributions to the country and society. (3) Chinese undergraduates' feelings about life were polarized, but they all expressed the view of "living in the moment and cherishing the present." (4) Chinese undergraduate students see life freedom as freedom of choice and generally believed that COVID-19 did not restrict their lives very much. (5) Chinese undergraduate students gained a deeper understanding of meaning in life after this major public health emergency.

4.
Biophysicist (Rockv) ; 1(2)2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35647498

ABSTRACT

Recruiting talented high school and college students to consider a career in the biomedical or biophysical sciences is important, yet often difficult. Encouraging students in regions like Appalachia adds additional challenges due to socioeconomic hurdles and misperceptions. This brief report contains the reflections of a research mentor engaging with students as a high school physics teacher, a principal investigator at research-intensive university, and as a principal investigator at a predominantly undergraduate-focused research university, as well as the viewpoint of a former undergraduate student in the mentor's lab. Different hurdles stand in the way of success at each level. A key issue at the high school level is engaging students in 'real science', the discovery of new knowledge and ideas. With undergraduate students at a larger research institution, a key issue is for the student to have opportunities to engage in meaningful scientific research. At a smaller and more rural research institution, especially in Appalachia, many students have socioeconomic concerns and misconceptions of what scientific careers entail. Regardless of background and environment, there are certain students who thrive on the scientific curiosity to discover new things. All they need is that opportunity to engage in meaningful scientific discovery to become interested in a scientific career.

5.
Physiother Theory Pract ; : 1-13, 2022 Apr 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475779

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Exposure to clinical practice experiences ensures undergraduate physiotherapy students meet the clinical competencies required to graduate as autonomous practitioners. Much of the research literature has investigated the clinical experiences of medical students. While recent studies have explored physiotherapy students' experiences with simulation, few have explored their perspectives of a clinical placement in a hospital setting at the early learning stage of a four-year programme. OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspectives of novice undergraduate physiotherapy students on a clinical placement in a real hospital setting. METHODS: Fifteen Year 3 undergraduate physiotherapy students participated in semi-structured interviews midway through a three-week tertiary care clinical placement. Interviews were transcribed, coded and analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Three main themes emerged: 1) student attributes affecting placement experience; 2) impact of the educator on student experience; and 3) effects of the clinical environment on student experiences. CONCLUSION: The real clinical environment promotes a rich learning experience for students, while the clinical educator is pivotal to guiding student learning through provision of resources and feedback. Provision of early orientation and timely clarification of expectations is important to alleviate anxiety and allow students to prepare themselves.

6.
Women Birth ; 2022 Apr 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35461800

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Registered Undergraduate Student of Midwifery (RUSOM) workforce model provides final year midwifery students an opportunity of paid employment and gain experience as an assistant to midwives. A RUSOM supports the work of midwives by providing care to women and their newborns. Little is known about how the RUSOM role impacts the range of stakeholders in maternity care settings. AIM: To evaluate the acceptability of the RUSOM role, how it is experienced by staff and women, and its impact on quality of care. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach including 9 qualitative focus groups (n = 41) and 4 descriptive surveys (n = 135) was used. FINDINGS: The introduction of the RUSOM role has numerous benefits for the service, midwifery staff, women, and the RUSOM themselves. The RUSOM relieved the burden on the postnatal ward, giving midwives more time to work at their higher end of scope in direct clinical care. Having a clear scope of practice for the role ensured there were clear boundaries between the RUSOM and the midwife, resulting in the positive satisfaction for the maternity services team and women in their care. DISCUSSION: Employing RUSOM staff has both immediate and long-term benefits for maternity services. The role had the potential to improve the professional development of upcoming midwives, leading to high quality and experienced graduates that are an invaluable asset to a maternity service. CONCLUSION: The positive outcome from this evaluation provides evidence for the expansion of the RUSOM model which can enhance the quality of care for women. STATEMENTS OF SIGNIFICANCE: Problem or Issue: Employment of Registered Undergraduate Student of Midwifery (RUSOM) has not previously occurred in Victoria, Australia. At the commencement of the COVID-19 pandemic a midwifery workforce shortage was anticipated. With negotiation of the Department of Health and Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation (the union), a RUSOM workforce model was developed, requiring evaluation. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: The Registered Undergraduate Student of Nursing (RUSON) workforce model has been previously implemented successfully in Victoria, providing support to the health care system and alleviating nursing workforce shortages. The role benefits the student as it promotes development of clinical skills by immersion in the clinical environment, provides a means for financial support while studying, and builds skills for work readiness upon graduation. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: The introduction of the RUSOM role has had numerous benefits for the service, midwifery staff and the RUSOM themselves. The RUSOM were able to relieve the burden on the postnatal ward, giving midwives more time to engage in direct clinical care. This was able to enhance the support given to women and improved their quality of care.

7.
J Homosex ; : 1-21, 2022 Apr 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35452369

ABSTRACT

Societal beliefs about various aspects of sexual orientation have been shown to influence whether people have discriminatory or supportive attitudes toward diverse sexual orientations. The overall aim of this study is to measure the beliefs about sexual orientation among a diverse sample of university students from two institutions in Canada and the United States of America. Specifically, we explored how beliefs varied among individuals with differing sexual orientations and gender identities, while controlling for cultural differences. A total of 475 participants completed an online survey comprising of the Sexual Orientations Beliefs Scale (SOBS). ANCOVAs revealed that sexual orientation was a significant factor for all four subscales of the SOBS (naturalness, homogeneity, informativeness, and discreteness). Sexual orientation was the most significant predictor of endorsing different sexual orientation beliefs. We found a significant interaction between gender and sexual orientation, revealing that perceptions of sexual orientation differ between straight-identified men and straight women.

8.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(7)2022 03 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409548

ABSTRACT

Quality of life and mental health are topics under discussion in the university environment that pose new educational challenges. Public policy in Chile establishes the need to track students who are starting university and who could find themselves at possible academic risk (Law 20. 903). These transition processes experienced by students therefore need to be guided to improve the students' quality of life. Using a mixed design, the present study analyzes the association between musical sophistication (Ollen, 2006), students' well-being, and the performance of first-year students training to be music teachers (n = 25). The Ollen Musical Sophistication questionnaire and the Spanish version of the PERMA-profiler, a questionnaire for assessing well-being, were applied. In order to obtain detailed information about learning processes and educational needs, seven interviews were conducted. Results indicate a negative correlation between musical sophistication on the one hand and negative emotions (anxiety and anger) and loneliness on the other. This is reflected in less consistent academic performance, difficulties in identity development, and reduced motivation to face new challenges besides musical learning. We concluded that knowledge and observation of students' previous musical experience is crucial for understanding and supporting the educational transition process and well-being of student music teachers.


Subject(s)
Music , Humans , Learning , Music/psychology , Quality of Life , Students/psychology , Universities
9.
Front Psychol ; 13: 785639, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35360618

ABSTRACT

Emotional stability is of great importance for undergraduates and has significant predictive power for mental health. Emotions are associated with individuals' daily lives and routines. Undergraduates commonly post their opinions and feelings on social networks, providing a huge amount of data for studying their emotional states and rhythms. Based on the construction of the emotion dictionary of undergraduates' Tencent tweets (TTs)-a social network for users to share their life situations and express emotions and feelings to friends-we used big data text analysis technology to analyze the emotion words in 45,996 Tencent tweets published by 894 undergraduates. Then, we used hierarchical linear modeling to further analyze the daily rhythms of undergraduate students' emotions and how demographic variables are associated with the daily rhythmic changes. The results were as follows: (1) Undergraduates tweeted about more positive emotions than negative emotions (love was most common and fear was the least common); (2) The emotions in undergraduates' tweets changed considerably from 1 a.m. to 6 a.m., but were fairly stable during the day; (3) There was a rising trend in the frequency of using emotion words in Tencent tweets during the day as each hour progressed, and there was a higher increase in positive emotion than negative emotion; and (4) The word frequencies and daily rhythms of emotions varied depending on demographic variables. Gender was correlated with the frequencies of gratitude and the daily rhythms of anger. As the grade increased, the frequency of emotion words in most subcategories in TTs decreased and the fluctuation in daily rhythms became smaller. There was no significant difference in the frequency and daily rhythm of emotion words used in TTs based on having had a left-behind experience. The results of the present study provided emotion expression in social networks in Chinese collectivist culture. This study added new evidence to support the notion that positive and negative emotions are independent dimensions.

10.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 38(3): 1248-1256, 2022 Mar 25.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35355490

ABSTRACT

Natural medicinal chemistry is one of the important courses for students in pharmacy majors. Its experimental teaching focuses on fostering comprehensive experimental skills and innovative abilities of undergraduates. Liaoning University has explored ways to promote the experimental teaching of natural drug chemistry based on the graduate employment and practical teaching experience in the past decade. These explorations include three aspects, such as synchronizing experimental teaching with theoretical teaching, fostering students' awareness of experimental safety, and improving experimental teaching methods in natural drug chemistry experiments. The practices showed that the reform has achieved a good effect. A teaching system that can achieve the three expected aspects has been established, which improved the teaching effect and quality of natural medicinal chemistry experimental courses for undergraduates. Furthermore, these explorations may facilitate fostering pharmacy specialists who can meet the opportunities of developing Chinese medicine and natural drug research and meet the requirements of employment.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Students , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical/education , Humans , Universities
11.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(3)2022 Mar 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35327021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to predict the important variables associated with health care undergraduate students' opinion of gender equality (GE) in employment. DESIGN: This study adopted a cross-sectional design with multistage sampling and adhered to STROBE guidelines. SETTING: From one of the universities of health care in northern Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 2855 health care students and the questionnaire response rate was 78.3%. RESULTS: Female students in this study have a better concept of GE in employment. There was a statistically significant negative correlation between the subjects' gendered concept of family and GE in employment. From the results of multiple linear regressions, the important and significant variables were female, sophomore students, students who were in the division of continuing college self-attitude toward gender roles, attitude toward parental expectations of gender roles, those could explain 45.3% of the variation in GE in employment. CONCLUSION: Students exposed to the active cultivation of GE in health education largely benefit future professional development. Establishing a GE concept on campus will help students develop their profession in the future. Encourage the school to offer at least one "gender-related" elective subject per semester, especially in the on-the-job training programs to satisfy the needs of GE education.

12.
Health Sci Rep ; 5(2): e549, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35284647

ABSTRACT

Background and Aims: Common mental health symptoms (CMHS) like depressive moods, anxiety, and stress are the underlying causes of suicidal behavior. The incidence of suicide is higher among Bangladeshi students. Due to the pandemic, students of health/rehabilitation sciences are at the most significant risk. This study aimed to measure the prevalence rate and predicting factors for depression, anxiety and stress, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts in Bangladeshi undergraduate rehabilitation students. Methods: This cross-sectional study included data from 731 participants. Descriptive analyses estimated prevalence, and multivariate logistic regression models identified the factors associated with CMHS and suicidal behavior after adjusting the confounders. Results: The result shows a high prevalence of moderate to very severe CMHS and a higher risk of suicidal ideation among rehabilitation students. Sociodemographic factors, illness, behavior, institution, and subject-related issues were identified as the predicting factors of CMHS and suicidal behavior. The students suffering from mental health symptoms reported suicidal ideation and attempted at a significantly higher rate. Conclusion: To deal with CHMS and suicide risk, a holistic, supportive approach from government and academic institutions are essential for minimizing the predicting factors identified by this study. The study is helpful for the government regulatory body and policymakers to take immediate steps for preventing CMHS and suicidal behavior among rehabilitation students in Bangladesh.

13.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(2)2022 Jan 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35206855

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of smoking among young adults in Thailand has gradually increased. Therefore, this study aimed to identify factors associated with cigarette smoking among undergraduate students. This cross-sectional study used a self-administered, anonymous online questionnaire to gather data from undergraduate students across four universities in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. All 1126 participants were an average age of 21.30 years old (SD 1.48). The findings revealed seven factors significantly associated with cigarette smoking (p < 0.05), including male sex, having no medical conditions, consuming alcohol daily and consuming alcohol in the past, having brothers or sisters who smoked cigarettes, having a father or mother who smoked cigarettes, having parents who considered smoking acceptable and having parents who had uncertain concerns about smoking, and had or have used electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). These associated factors could be useful in implementing appropriate tobacco-control programs to prevent cigarette smoking among undergraduate students. Relevant organizations, universities and healthcare professionals should communicate correct and appropriate information about the illness and diseases caused by using tobacco products to strengthen the correct perceptions of the harms of cigarette smoking and e-cigarette use among undergraduate students. Furthermore, smoke-free policies should be monitored and strictly enforced, particularly in university areas.

14.
Front Surg ; 9: 840523, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35211505

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Neurosurgery is a tertiary specialty, and exposure to medical students limited. One way to increase engagement and offer experience in neurosurgery is through Student Selected Components (SSC), Special Study Modules (SSM), or independent projects. Our aim was to assess the educational value of such projects and evaluate their effectiveness in exposing students to the field. METHODS: A survey was designed and distributed to Edinburgh University medical students and alumni who completed a neurosurgical project within the last 5 years. The survey was anonymous and collected responses over a fortnight. The results were analyzed in Microsoft Excel 2020 Software. RESULTS: Twenty-four respondents completed the survey -42% were students and 58% junior doctors. Respondents overwhelmingly enjoyed their project (96%) and reported increased interest in neurosurgery (62%). The project helped improve their knowledge of neurosurgical procedures, pathologies, and/or clinical presentations and allowed connections with the local department. On a Likert scale, 37% felt they gained a good insight into the field. Only 33% felt the project was a good "taster" for the specialty. This is reasonable given that 92% of projects focused on data analysis, and none were designed as clinical attachments. A large number of students had their work published (50%) and presented at conferences (55%). CONCLUSION: Lack of exposure to neurosurgery at medical school is a known limitation within a busy curriculum. Selected Components/Special Study Modules/independent projects help students learn about certain aspects of neurosurgery and raise their level of interest. A majority of participants either achieved presentation at conferences or published their work. However, our results suggest neurosurgical projects complement but do not replace traditional clinical attachments in providing insight into the craft of this specialty.

15.
J. res. dent ; 9(1): 6-13, jan.-apr2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1358586

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The requirement to adapt dentistry education to the growing knowledge and big data is evident. Future dentists will participate in AI studies as both researchers and users. The main aim was to evaluate the attitudes of undergraduate dental students on artificial intelligence (AI) applications. Secondarily, it was aimed to discuss possible solutions for the integration of AI into education in particular to dentomaxillofacial radiology. Material and Method: A written survey included 16 questions with a 5-point Likert-scale was designed. The content of the survey included basic knowledge about AI terminology, applications on dentomaxillofacial radiology, and future estimations. One hundred seventy-six students attending the 3rd, 4th, and 5th grades were included. The attitudes of the students were assessed with the total score. The responses were scored as: Strongly disagree: 1, Disagree: 2, Neutral: 3, Agree: 4, Strongly agree: 5. The minimum and maximum possible points were 16 and 80, and 48 was the middle score. The scores were classified as 16-31 (group 1), 32-47 (group 2), 48-63 (group 3), and 64-80 (group 4). Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient was used to test the internal consistency of the questions. One-way analysis of variance and Chi-square test were used to compare normally distributed data. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the that did not show normal distribution. Statistical significance was evaluated with a 5% Type-I error level. Results: The Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient was 0.849. The response rate of the participants was 83.41% (n=176). The mean total scale score was 57.68 ± 0.651. Group 3 had the largest cluster (67.61%; n=119), whereas the group 1 had the smallest (0.56%; n=1). The total scale score showed no statistically significant difference between the academic years. Conclusion: The attitudes of undergraduate dental students on AI were positive and students are aware of the potential of applications in the field. The conventional dentomaxillofacial radiology curriculum requires an update.

16.
PeerJ Comput Sci ; 8: e848, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35174268

ABSTRACT

Technology can improve university students' communication, helping them maintain relationships. Although there are many available technological tools, students face challenges-e.g., living far from home, failing grades, depression-that may isolate them from their networks. Most research into these topics has been conducted in countries in which students leave their parents' home while at university, which is not the case for most students in southern Chile. In this context that has been seldom studied, this paper presents two studies, focusing on two research questions: (1) How do university students in southern Chile communicate? (2) Can a mobile application persuade university students to increase their communication patterns? To answer these questions, we conducted a survey with 90 students in southern Chile, and then developed a persuasive application called Social+Me, aimed at monitoring communication with students' support networks and persuading them to keep in touch. We conducted a preliminary evaluation of Social+Me, and the application was well received by participants, who felt that it improved their communication with their social network. The main impact of our study lies in applying persuasive technologies to the communicative practice of university students to prevent students from feeling isolated or unsupported.

17.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 59: 103273, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35078070

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine the experience of undergraduate student midwives in the neonatal unit. BACKGROUND: Clinical experience is an essential component of education for the development of competent midwives. Literature has highlighted the pivotal effects of precepting and how it contributes to student experience. Although there is a plethora of research examining undergraduate student midwives' experience, to our knowledge this is the first study exploring their experience in the neonatal unit. DESIGN: Based in phenomenology, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted producing rich data. METHODS: Following informed consent and ethical approval, post transcription, the data were coded using Colaizzi's (1978) framework. RESULTS: Significant themes and sub-themes emerged such as course design, environmental experience, sources of stress and preceptor experience. The student experience very much depends on the preceptor, how busy the environment is and if appropriately staffed. CONCLUSIONS: Based on these findings there are suggested recommendations including adjusting the timing and length of the placement and how to improve the environment based on the preceptor-student relationship. Also, suggestions on how consistency and communication can be improved are proposed.


Subject(s)
Midwifery , Students, Nursing , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Qualitative Research
18.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 813130, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35069298

ABSTRACT

Background: Prolonged university closures and social distancing-imposed measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic obliged students to at-home learning with online lectures and educational programs promoting potential social isolation, loneliness, hopelessness, and episodes of clinical decompensation. Methods: A web-based cross-sectional survey was carried out in a university institute in Milan, Northern Italy, to assess the COVID-19 lockdown impact on the mental health of the undergraduate students. We estimated the odds ratios (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) using adjusted logistic regression models. Results: Of the 8,177 students, 12.8% reported depressive symptoms, 25.6% anxiety, 8.7% insomnia, and 10.6% reported impulsive tracts, with higher proportions among females than males. Mental health symptoms were positively associated with caring for a person at home, a poor housing quality, and a worsening in working performance. Among males compared with females, a poor housing quality showed a stronger positive association with depressive symptoms and impulsivity, and a worsening in the working performance was positively associated with depressive and anxiety symptoms. In addition, the absence of private space was positively associated with depression and anxiety, stronger among males than females. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first multidisciplinary consortium study, involving public mental health, environmental health, and architectural design. Further studies are needed to confirm or refute our findings and consequent recommendations to implement well-being interventions in pandemic conditions.

19.
J Nurs Meas ; 2021 Sep 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518432

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Measuring student satisfaction among nursing students is necessary for academic institute. This study aimed to validate and measure the reliability of the Persian version of the Undergraduate Nursing Student Academic Satisfaction Scale (UNSASS). METHODS: This study was conducted on 437 undergraduate nursing students from September to December 2019. Face, content, construct validity (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis), and reliability of the UNSASS were assessed. RESULTS: The results of exploratory factor analysis showed that the Persian version of the UNSASS was composed of three factors: university, clinical, and faculty, which explained 41.77% of the overall variance. CONCLUSIONS: The research revealed that the Persian version of the UNSASS has acceptable validity and reliability, which can be used to measure the academic satisfaction of undergraduate nursing students.

20.
Children (Basel) ; 8(12)2021 Dec 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34943393

ABSTRACT

This study proposed to identify factors associated with the dual use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and cigarettes among undergraduate students who smoked cigarettes. This cross-sectional study employed a self-administered, anonymous online questionnaires to collect information from undergraduate smokers in northern Thailand. Of the 494 participants, 82.8% were dual users of e-cigarettes and cigarettes. The two main reasons for using e-cigarettes were an absence of cigarette smoke odor (76.8%) and availability of flavors (70.7%). Undergraduate smokers who initiated smoking at ≥18 years old were more likely to be dual users than those who initiated smoking at younger age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 2.79, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.32-5.89, p = 0.007). Undergraduate smokers who smoked ≥11 cigarettes daily were more likely to be dual users than those who smoked less (aOR: 2.64, 95% CI: 1.52-4.61, p = 0.001). Conversely, undergraduate smokers who had attempted to quit during the past year were less likely to be dual users (aOR: 0.26, 95% CI: 0.12-0.56, p = 0.001). In conclusion, dual use of e-cigarettes and cigarettes among undergraduate smokers was associated with older age at cigarette smoking initiation, a higher number of cigarettes smoked daily, and having no past year's cigarette quit attempts.

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