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1.
Journal of Affective Disorders ; 323:689-697, 2023.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2159158

ABSTRACT

Background Inconsistencies have been identified in the three-factor structure and item loadings of the most commonly used self-report hoarding screening tool, the Saving Inventory – Revised (SI-R), which assesses difficulty discarding, clutter and acquisition. The current study aimed to confirm the factor structure of the SI-R using congeneric modelling, and evaluate the construct and content validity of this measure. Methods 139 participants with self-identified hoarding completed the SI-R. Congeneric structural equation modelling was then performed to validate the SI-R factor structure. Results The three-factor structure of the SI-R was confirmed as a valid, reliable and good fitting model. However, the difficulty discarding and clutter subscales were required to covary. Conclusions The SI-R was confirmed as an appropriate screening tool for hoarding severity;however, revision of item wording may improve content validity. Future research could consider exploring the relationships between a range of hoarding-related constructs and the differential endorsement of SI-R subscales. Limitations As data were collected during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, panic buying and hoarding-related acquiring behaviours may have been exacerbated. In addition, the diagnostic status of participants was not verified, despite the inclusion of individuals endorsing clinically significant hoarding symptoms.

2.
International Journal of Medical Informatics ; : 104962, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2158990

ABSTRACT

Background In the context of COVID-19 pandemic, eHealth Literacy is important and essential for healthcare workers, especially medical students;eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) was developed to measured eHealth literacy of individuals, with higher eHEALS scores indicated greater ehealth literacy. Objectives The study evaluates the reliability and validity of Vietnamese version of eHEALS and analyzed some factors affecting on eHEALS score among Hanoi Medical University students in Vietnam. Methods A cross-sectional study design was adopted, and data were elicited from 494 medical students. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA);Cronbach's alpha and correlation coefficients;split-half assessment;Poisson regression analysis were applied. Results The total score of our subjects in the eHEALS was 30.34 ± 4.57. The results from Bartlett's test, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test, calculated Cronbach's alpha coefficient and test-retest reliability were high. Poisson regression identified that eHEALS scores of participants was significantly associated with device, ongoing medical condition and trustworthiness of health information source (p<0.05). Discussion Our study helps researchers who conduct studies in eHealth develop optimal applied and intervention researches in subjects with medical knowledge. Additional studies need to be required with numerous different groups of people in Vietnam. Conclusion The Vietnamese version of eHEALS is a reliable and valid measure. Device, medical condition and trustworthiness of health information source are factors affecting on eHEALS score of students in Hanoi Medical University.

3.
International Journal of Mental Health Promotion ; 24(5):759-769, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2156173

ABSTRACT

Numerous studies links movement activity (e.g., physical activity, sedentary behavior [SB], and sleep) with mental health or illness indicators during the COVID-19 pandemic;however, research has typically examined time-use behaviors independently, rather than considering daily activity as a 24-hour time-use composition. This cross-sectional study aimed to use compositional isotemporal analysis to estimate the association between reallocation of time-use behaviors and depression symptoms in young adults in China. Participants (n = 1475;68.0% of female;20.7 [1.60] years) reported their time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), light physical activity (LPA), SB, and sleep. Replacing SB with sleep, LPA, and MVPA at 5, 10, or 15 min was significantly associated with lower estimated depression symptoms scores. For example, adding MVPA from SB at 15 min was associated with lower depression symptoms scores (estimated difference: -0.13 [-0.17, -0.09]). The associations between reallocation of time use behaviors with depression symptoms scores were slightly differentiated. Our results emphasize the importance of increased MVPA and decreased SB as well as their mutual replacements for lowering the risks of depression symptoms in young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our results can inform policy to develop effective plans and strategies for mental health promotion.

4.
J Prev Med Public Health ; 55(6):578-585, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2155469

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to adapt the survey questionnaire designed by Moens et al. (2021) and determine the validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the survey in a sample of the Saudi population experiencing teleworking. METHODS: The questionnaire includes 2 sections. The first consists of 13 items measuring the impact of extended telework during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis. The second section includes 6 items measuring the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on self-view of telework and digital meetings. The survey instrument was translated based on the guidelines for the cultural adaptation of self-administrated measures. RESULTS: The reliability of the questionnaire responses was measured by Cronbach's alpha. The construct validity was checked through exploratory factor analysis followed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to further assess the factor structure. CFA revealed that the model had excellent fit (root mean square error of approximation, 0.00;comparative fit index, 1.0;Tucker-Lewis index, 1;standardized root mean squared residual, 0.0). CONCLUSIONS: The Arabic version of the teleworking questionnaire had high reliability and good validity in assessing experiences and perceptions toward teleworking. While the validated survey examined perceptions and experiences during COVID-19, its use can be extended to capture experiences and perceptions during different crises.

5.
Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health ; 18(1) (no pagination), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154485

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused major disruptions in all aspects of daily functioning, from school and work to interactions with friends and family. The Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) is an interviewer-administered scale validated in the psychiatric sample with no previous study assessing its validity and reliability in a digital format. Thus, we aimed to analyse the psychometric properties of the digital version of the FAST and understand the implications of COVID-19 and restrictive measures on functioning. Method(s): Data were collected using an online survey. The psychometric properties of the digital FAST were assessed by confirmatory factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and discriminant functional by cluster analysis in a community sample. Result(s): Out of the total sample, 2,543 (84.1%) were female, and the mean (SD) age was 34.28 (12.46) years. The digital FAST retained the six factors structure observed in the original version, with Cronbach's alpha above 0.9. In addition, we showed evidence of discriminant validity by differentiating three clusters of psychosocial functioning. Clinical and demographic differences between groups explained, in part, the heterogeneity of functioning, thus providing support for the construct validity of the instrument. Conclusion(s): The digital FAST is a simple and easy-to-understand instrument that provides a multidimensional assessment of functioning without the need for an interviewer. Furthermore, our findings may help to better understand the psychosocial implications of the pandemic and the importance of planning specific interventions to rehabilitee the affected group. Copyright © 2022 Serafim et al.

6.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S484, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153957

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19-related stigma has been raised as a crisis since the beginning of the pandemic. We intended to develop a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure COVID-19-related stigma, attributed by the non-infected general population, and applied it in Tehran from September to October 2020. Objective(s): This study measures the COVID-19-related stigma attributed by the non-infected general population using a valid and reliable questionnaire specific to COVID-19-related stigma. Method(s): A preliminary questionnaire with 18 items was developed. The score ranged from 18 to 54 while the higher score indicating a higher level of COVID-19-related stigma. Out of 1064 randomly recruited Tehran citizens without a history of COVID-19 infection, 630 participants, who completely responded to the questions on a phone call, entered the study. Result(s): The content validity was established with a scale content validity index of 0.90. Item CVI and Item content validity ratio were higher than 0.78 for all items. Internal consistency was confirmed with Cronbach's alpha of 0.625. Exploratory factor analysis revealed seven latent variables, including "blaming and penaltyseeking behavior", "social discrimination", "dishonor label", "interpersonal contact", "spreading rumors and myths", "overvalued idea", and "apathy toward the patients". The mean (SD) of the score was 25.1(4.71) in our study. 86.8% of participants reported a low level of stigma with a score below 31. 13.2% of them demonstrated a moderate level of stigma, and none of the participants showed a high level of stigma. Conclusion(s): we found a low level of stigmatizing thoughts and behavior in Tehran, which may be due to social desirability bias.

7.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S426, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153943

ABSTRACT

Introduction: With measures of COVID-19, activities that cover a large part of life have started to be carried out via videoconferencing. Videoconferencing can be disadvantageous for individuals with social anxiety due to increased social presence, decreased mutual understanding and consequently causing awkward communication. Objective(s): This study aims to develop a scale to explore the difficulties experienced by individuals with social anxiety during videoconferencing. Method(s): 598 children and adolescents between the ages of 11-18 participated in the study. The data were collected with Sociodemographic Information Form, Videoconference Anxiety Scale and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. Result(s): According to correlation analysis, all correlations between Videoconference Anxiety Scale and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale total score and subscale scores are above 0.50. According to EFA, the scale consisted of 25 items and a single factor. Factor loads were between 0.62 and 0.81, the single factor explained 52.95% of the variance. Model fit indices after CFA were as follows: X2/df:3.360, GFI:.850, IFI:.900, TLI:.890, CFI:.900, RMSEA:.078, SRMR:.0475. Convergent and discriminative validity of the scale was tested. Standardized factor loads of all items were higher than 0.50. AVE value was 0.47, while CR value was 0.96. Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 25-item VAS is 0.96. Conclusion(s): This study showed that Videoconference Anxiety is a phenomen which is higly correlated with social anxiety and Videoconference Anxiety Scale is a valid and reliable instrument for Turkish children and adolescents.

8.
Payesh ; 21(5):481-490, 2022.
Article in Persian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2146866

ABSTRACT

Objective(s): The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many changes in the amount of physical activity, sleep quality, and eating habits of people worldwide that have affected their lifestyles. In this regard, the present study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of the scale of change in lifestyle-related behaviors during COVID-19. Methods: The was a descriptive evaluation. The sample consisted of 350 (227 females and 123 males) university students in Tehran in the academic year 2021 who were selected by convenience sampling method and completed the scale of change in behaviors related to lifestyle. Psychometric properties of the scale were assessed by confirmatory factor analysis, and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) using R software version 4.1. Results: The single-factor structure of the change in lifestyle-related behaviors scale was investigated and confirmed (CFI=0.82, RMSEA=0.07). Also, Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the scale of change in lifestyle-related behaviors was 0.92. Conclusion: The structural validity and reliability of the Iranian version of the scale of change in lifestyle-related behaviors during the outbreak of COVID-19 found to be acceptable. © Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research. All rights reserved.

9.
Quality - Access to Success ; 23(191):143-155, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2146688

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the quality of youth in entrepreneurship. Schools managements need to know the entrepreneurial intention (EI) of their students. A past study systematic review findings showed that EI measurement has to be improved. To the best ability, this is the contribution of this study and a novel strategy that may pave the way for further research in this area in the future. Thereupon, this study aims for scale development specially for youth in vocational school context and determine the dimensionality of items measuring the EI construct. This study also conducted bibliometric analysis. Research tools used were SPSS version 24 and VOS viewer. The validation used Modified Delphi Method for content and face validity with seven panelists, meanwhile Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) for construct validity was administered to 100 students in 23 vocational high schools (VHS), using questionnaires. The initial items were analyzed using Fleiss Kappa Index (FKI) and Content Validity Index (CVI) that consist of I-CVI and S-CVI. However, the I-CVI achieved the criteria, S-CVI is 0.898, and FKI is 0.432, then processed to the EFA procedure. The EFA identified four sub-constructs of EI with 73.729% of the total variance explained (TVE) in this study. The study found that the instrument is valid and reliable in measuring the values aspect of EI. The study’s findings could be of interest to the governments, schools managements, and other researchers. It will enable those parties to analyze which factorsare needed to enhance the quality and successful youth in entrepreneurship post-covid-19. © 2022, SRAC - Romanian Society for Quality. All rights reserved.

10.
Publicaciones de la Facultad de Educacion y Humanidades del Campus de Melilla ; 52(1):277-299, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2146320

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 has generated a series of problems such as that of the education sector that allowed the use of digital platforms in order not to lose the school year, this has produced in teachers and students the challenge of adapting to a new reality of teaching and learning, therefore, it is worth adapting instruments that assess the academic stress produced. The objective was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the academic stressors scale (ECEA) in the context of COVID-19. Method: The sample consisted of 300 participants in the first study and 566 students from public and private universities between 18 and 30 years of age (M_age=21.34;SD_age=2.926) in the second study. In the first study, the internal structure of the construct was verified through exploratory factor analysis, while in the second study it was verified through confirmatory factor analysis. Results: The results of the first study indicated a factorial structure equivalent to the theoretical conceptualization;however, the empirical recommendation consisted of removing some items because their factorization was complex. With respect to the second study, four models were obtained, of which the seven-factor oblique model is the most significant (χ2=2393.181;gl=608;χ2/gl = .121;CFI = .999;TLI = .999;SRMR = .022;RMSEA = .020). Likewise, the reliability of the scale and the scores were significant. Conclusions: Finally, the ECEA is an instrument that has adequate psychometric properties and is suitable for research purposes and for describing Peruvian university groups in the context produced by COVID-19. © 2022 by the Author(s).

11.
Central European Journal of Nursing and Midwifery ; 13(3):691-698, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2145592

ABSTRACT

Aim: Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy can be an obstacle to the global effort to control the current pandemic. The study aimed to test the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Oxford Covid-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Scale. Design: A methodological and descriptive study. Methods: The research was conducted as a methodological and descriptive study. The sample size consisted of 476 academics who voluntarily agreed to participate in the research and completed the online questionnaire between February and March 2021. Results: As a result of the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the fit index values obtained by making two modifications of the one-dimensional Oxford Covid-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Scale were found to be χ2/df = 1.86;AGFI = 0.96;RMSEA = 0.04;GFI = 0.98;CFI = 0.99 and IFI = 0.99. The Cronbach's alpha internal consistency coefficient of the scale was calculated as 0.95. Test-retest reliability coefficient of the scale was r = 0.93 (p < 0.001). Conclusion: It can be concluded that the Oxford Covid-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Scale, adapted to Turkish, is a valid and reliable measurement tool for determining hesitancy of Turkish society towards covid-19 vaccines. © 2022 Central European Journal of Nursing and Midwifery.

12.
Revista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatria ; 60(3):281-288, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2144037

ABSTRACT

Background: Depressive symptomatology in health professionals associated with viral crises is highly prevalent globally, being its detection a priority. Therefore, the objective of this research was to analyze the convergent validity and internal consistency of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) in healthcare professionals. Method(s): E-Health study where cross-sectional data was collected online (n = 725), from 281 general practitioners, 237 specialist doctors and 207 nurses during the Colombian quarantine, between April 20 and August 10, 2020. Average age 41.3 years (+/- 8.76). 38.4% were men (278) and 61.6% women (447). 66.1% of health personnel treated patients infected with coronavirus and 33.9% did not provide these services. The 9-item version of the PHQ was administered, validated in the Colombian population together with the 2-item version of the PHQ. Result(s): A high correlation was found between the scales (r = .860, P <0.001), demonstrating the convergent validity of the PHQ-2 to measure depressive symptomatology. The internal consistency of the PHQ-2 was adequate, with a Cronbach's Alpha of 0.80 (I.C. = 0.76 - 0.83). Conclusion(s): The PHQ-2 has adequate psychometric standards of reliability and validity, so its rapid administration, easy qualification and interpretation, makes it a reliable and valid instrument for the rapid detection, without work overload, of depressive symptoms in doctors and nurses whether or not they care for patients with viral outbreaks. Copyright © 2022 Sociedad de Neurologia Psiquiatria y Neurocirugia. All rights reserved.

13.
Revista Puertorriquena de Psicologia ; 32(1):90-103, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2125464

ABSTRACT

(Spanish) La pandemia del COVID-19 ha estado asociada a un incremento en problemas de salud mental y al devastador impacto en pilares sociales, politicos y de salud publica. Puerto Rico no ha sido la excepcion, incluyendo un periodo riguroso restrictivo de salidas fuera del hogar y varias miles de muertes atribuidas al virus. El proposito de esta investigacion es examinar la confiabilidad y validez convergente de la version en espanol de la Escala de Estres de COVID (EEC). Participaron 416 personas que completaron una encuesta en linea que incluia la EEC y la evaluacion de sintomas de depresion y ansiedad. Examinamos caracteristicas a nivel de itemes, la estructura factorial y la validez convergente de las diversas escalas. Los resultados apoyan una estructura de cinco factores en la EEC, confiabilidad interna excelente, y validez convergente con las escalas de depresion y ansiedad. En general, la version en espanol de la EEC provee una evaluacion confiable y valida del nuevo sindrome de estres de COVID. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

14.
The Journal of Parapsychology ; 86(1):46, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2125142

ABSTRACT

Introduction: I test for the validity of the hypothesis underlying the Global Consciousness Projects (GCP) i.e., the hypothesis that events which elicit widespread emotion or draw the simultaneous attention of large numbers of people, may affect the output of hardware generated random numbers. The hypothesis is tested for by calculating daily aggregates out of the second-by-second data generated by the GCP and then correlating them with Google Trends search data. More specifically, changes in global attention are proxied with variations in the popularity of global internet searches which is used to construct a monthly search word index. Since changes in the index thus represents changes in global attention in a particular topic, the validity of the GCP data hypothesis can be tested for by correlating it with changes in data aggregates derived out of the GCP data. When doing so, I find that all tested GCP data aggregates significantly covary with the search index and that the most significant correlation is found on its monthly average (P<0.000). Methods: Since the validity of the hypothesis seems to hold true, I proceed with constructing a global attention and engagement index. This by applying the one-sided Hodrick-Prescott filter on both the daily and monthly averages out of the GCP data. The filtered series are then normalized and by defining a significant date as a date on which the attention index surpasses the 95th percentile of a standard normal distribution. When doing so, several significant world events are identified and among them, the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic can be mentioned. As such it can be suspected that the index can "pick up" globally engaging world events, results that possibly could be used by policy makers.

15.
Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics ; 25(3):79-89, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2124105

ABSTRACT

Background: The lack of work appeared to be linked to several symptoms related to poor mental health. Likewise, the reverse relationship, namely the influence of poor mental health on the risk of job loss, has also been analysed, i.e. distress could lead to a poorer work performance culminating in potential job loss. Thus, the bidirectional nature of the relationship between unemployment and mental health makes the accurate estimation of causal relationships a complex matter, leaving room for additional research on the subject. Aims of the Study: The aim of this research is to analyse the influence that unemployment could have on mental health taking into account the bidirectional nature that exists between both concepts. Methods: In order to tackle the causal effect of being unemployed on mental health, we present a biprobit model taking into account the presence of dummy endogenous regressors and we compare these results with those obtained from a standard univariate probit. Our identification strategy exploits geographical information on the unemployment rates as instrument. We use Spanish cross-sectional data from the 2006, 2011 and 2017 years. Results: Based on the results, the paper concludes that unemployed persons in Spain could be subject to a 5.4% higher probability of suffering symptoms related to a common mental disorder (versus 11% obtained using a standard probit). Discussion: The results obtained confirm a negative impact of unemployment situation on mental health. In other words, the probability of unemployed people suffering a mental disorder seems superior to that for individuals with a job. Moreover, the marginal effect obtained from a univariate probit model without the possibility of controlling the mental health selection effects, proves the existence of a problem of simultaneity that would have overestimated the effect of being unemployed on mental health. Implications for Health Care Provision: It is hoped that the conclusions obtained here prove useful in the implementation of specific mental health care provision aimed at unemployed people. In this context, the evidence obtained should result in the incorporation of health assistance as an essential part in response to the needs of this collective. Implications for Health Policies: These special needs of unemployed people should be contemplated not only from a health care provision but also as part of a broader system that incorporates the mental health care of unemployed persons as part of more general public health policies. Finally, these results suggest that mental health-related objectives should be considered when planning, implementing, and evaluating active labour market policies for the unemployed. Implications for Further Research: The length and severity of the last recession, together with the risks associated with the global crisis resulting from COVID-19, reiterate the obvious concerns about the consequences of economic crises and unemployment on personal mental health. In this context, our study could be a step forward in the study of the causal relationships between unemployment and mental health when new data are available.

16.
Journal of Affective Disorders Reports ; : 100451, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2119904

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Despite its wide usage among healthcare workers (HCWs), Depression Anxiety Stress Scales 21 (DASS-21) has received scant attention in terms of its psychometric properties among HCWs. The present study examined the factor structure of DASS-21 among representative HCWs in Muscat Region, Oman. The related aim is to examine factorial invariance across samples of males and females. METHODS Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to evaluate the latent structure of DASS-21. Factorial invariance between males and females was examined. The Cronbach alpha coefficients of DASS-21 were calculated to assess the internal consistency of the scale. RESULTS The CFA of the DASS-21 indicated that the three-factor solution best fits the data. The results also showed that DASS21 had overall good-to-excellent reliability. Multigroup analysis did not indicate gender differences. LIMITATIONS The present research study was limited as the accrued sample was drawn from HCWs working in the urban area, the Muscat region. As the study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic, this has the potential to constitute potential confounder to hamper the generalization of the present study. CONCLUSIONS The results supported the applicability of DASS-21 across cultures and sex. The present data provide initial support for the psychometric properties of Arabic DASS among HCWs.

17.
Thorax ; 77(Suppl 1):A12-A13, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2118965

ABSTRACT

S13 Figure 1ConclusionThe Breathe-VQ is a valid and reliable tool to measure vigilance of breathing. Our data suggest that breathing vigilance may be a contributing factor in DB, and could represent a therapeutic target. Further research is now warranted using the Breathe-VQ in clinical populations of individuals with DB, chronic respiratory disease and COVID-19. Further research could assess the effects of breathing re-training, pulmonary rehabilitation and arts-in-health interventions on vigilance of breathing.

18.
Signa Vitae ; 18(6):17-26, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2115114

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article is to systematically analyze the available literature on the efficacy and validity of artificial intelligence (AI) applied to medical imaging techniques in the triage of patients with suspected or confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Emergency Departments (EDs). A systematic review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines was conducted. Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched to identify observational studies evaluating the efficacy of AI methods in the diagnosis and prognosis of COVID-19 using medical imaging. The main characteristics of the selected studies were extracted by two independent researchers and were formally assessed in terms of methodological quality using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. A total of 11 studies, including 14,499 patients, met inclusion criteria. The quality of the studies was medium to high. Overall, the diagnostic yield of the AI techniques compared to a gold standard was high, with sensitivity and specificity values ranging from 79% to 98% and from 70% to 93%, respectively. The methodological approaches and imaging datasets were highly heterogeneous among studies. In conclusion, AI methods significantly boost the diagnostic yield of medical imaging in the triage of COVID-19 patients in the ED. However, there are significant limitations that should be overcome in future studies, particularly regarding the heterogeneity and limited amount of available data to train AI models. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by MRE Press.

19.
Traumatology ; : No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2113535

ABSTRACT

There is little evidence on cognitions that are associated with emotional and behavioral problems in preschoolers during stressful events such as the COVID-19 pandemic. This article presents the initial development and validation of a caregiver-report instrument, the Preschooler Stressor-related Thoughts and Worries (PSTW) scale, developed during the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2020, caregivers from two countries reported on their child's cognitions at baseline (T0) and three months later (T1;age 3-5 years;Australia: N = 559;United States: N = 346). Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted with the Australian sample at T0 and confirmed with the U.S. sample at T0. Exploratory factor analysis suggested a one-factor model including 10 items. Results of the confirmatory factor analysis failed to clearly support this structure (comparative fit index = .91, root mean square error of approximation = .11). Construct validity was supported by positive associations between PSTW scores and emotional and behavioral problems. Although the PSTW is a promising instrument to assess preschooler cognitions related to COVID-19, further investigation of its performance in other contexts (e.g., other countries, other stressful or traumatic events) is needed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

20.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 250, 2022 Nov 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2121054

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of research suggesting that psychological flexibility (PF) is an important psychological construct related to psychological health and human performance. The Psychological Flexibility in Sport Scale (PFSS) is the first general scale to assess sport-related PF. So far, the PFSS has not yet been validated in other contexts than Sweden. Therefore, the current study sought to investigate a Persian version of the PFSS (P-PFSS) and extend the investigation of the psychometric properties of the PFSS in Iranian athletes. METHODS: A total of 302 athletes from both team and individual sports (average age of 20.7 years, SD ± 7.5, 62.3% were female) were involved in the current study. Statistical analysis was performed on the data to test validity and reliability. The validity of the P-PFSS was tested through face and content validity, construct validity, criterion validity, and known-groups validity. The reliability of P-PFSS was verified through internal consistency and temporal stability of the scale. RESULTS: Results revealed that validity of the P-PFSS was satisfactory. The instrument was determined to have strong face and content validity. With modifications, the confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the scale's unidimensionality. The convergent validity of the P-PFSS was found to be acceptable (average variance extracted = 0.66) and satisfactory results were also found in the correlation matrix for the assessment of construct validity. The P-PFSS showed good criterion validity related to generic psychological flexibility and athletic-related variables. Also, the P-PFSS was able to differentiate PF between known groups. The P-PFSS was found to be reliable, with good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.92; composite reliability = 0.92) and temporal stability on retest (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.95). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the Persian version of the PFSS showed good psychometric qualities in Iranian athletes. The current study provides additional support for the PFSS and extends the context-specific utility for practitioners and researchers in assessing sport-related PF.


Subject(s)
Sports , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Male , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Iran
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