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1.
MAPAN |Journal of Metrology Society of India ; 37(2):443-452, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1889068

ABSTRACT

In the present area, the outbreak of COVID-19, customer behavior have been seen toward their individual specific need, which encourages advanced-manufacturing industries to provide mass personalization of goods and services. The Covid-19 crises bring opportunities for industries and service providers to enhance their capability for a fault-free environment, zero failure, anti-fragile, and improve production capacity. The present paper provides an overview of the sustainability of Industry 6.0 in a global perspective with vision, objective, and transformation of Industrial Revolutions. The sole aim of industry 6.0 is to seizure the new technologies, which can be applied worldwide and deliver wealth, prosperity away from the job and provide growth to nations across all planetary boundaries. This revolution would promote living harmony with nature, support the principle of sustainability where technology would not be a thing, and promote the human virtual digital twin where all can simultaneously see physical goods and virtual product information.

2.
Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences ; 32(209):134-145, 2022.
Article in Persian | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1888335

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic has widely forced universities to provide electronic education, so, it is necessary to examine the quality of this type of education. The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of virtual learning during COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of dental students in Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Materials and methods: A descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was performed and dental students in Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences who studied via on-line courses in 2020/21 academic year were included. A researcher-made questionnaire was used consisting of five components: implementation method, facilities and technology, content, strategies and methods, and evaluation. Results: In this study, 128 students completed the questionnaire. According to findings, in first semester, the status of some components, including implementation method, content, strategies and methods, and evaluation were unfavorable, but facilities and technology were found to be relatively favorable. Also, in second semester, the situation of strategies and methods was unfavorable, and the rest of the components had a relatively favorable condition. Female students were more satisfied with the quality of virtual learning. Conclusion: In general, the quality of virtual learning in Mazandaran School of dentistry was unfavorable in 2020, but became relatively favorable later. Despite improvements in 2021, special attention should be paid to this modern educational method. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (JMUMS) is the property of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

3.
The Australian Journal of Emergency Management ; 36(2):48-53, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1888305

ABSTRACT

In post-disaster recovery, optimising psychosocial support is important for all groups of the population, yet young adults have tended to be overlooked as a demographic in their own right. Research was conducted to seek the perspectives of young adults through the narrative of their experiences in the years following the 2009 Gippsland bushfires. One emergent theme in the findings highlighted the importance of information and communication during and after events. Participants in this research sought information and support via social media and virtual communities. These sites traverse localised, place-based solutions, enabling young people to communicate over large geographical areas. The platforms aid dynamic and rapidly evolving support by sharing information, feelings and ideas. This research also highlighted the need to identify the gaps in information processes and support systems for young adults and to ensure youth-specific information is included in formal communications. Possible solutions are outlined taking into consideration the perspectives offered by the study participants.

4.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 83(6-A):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1887915

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this action research study is to explore how learners and the instructor experience learning Calculus One (Calculus I) when active learning is implemented in a face-to-face and virtual classroom. As such this was a flipped classroom, so chosen because the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics recommended changing traditional methods to an approach that utilizes a more constructivist approach that promotes active learning. The theoretical framework for the analysis was grounded in constructivism and supported by a community of mathematical inquiry. The study used an action research methodology that makes use of an ongoing cycle of planning, acting, observing, and reflecting while collecting and analyzing data as the course and study unfolded. It took place in a Calculus 1 class in the Spring 2020 over a 15-week semester. The first half of the class was face-to-face but due to COVID 19 the second half took place over Zoom. Data collection consisted of questionnaires, minute papers, end of semester interviews, researcher journal, and faculty evaluations. Given the unexpected challenges of COVID 19 and its required move to remote teaching in the second half of the class, the findings of the study were grouped into two chapters: one on the face-to-face flipped classroom and the other on the virtual flipped classroom. While students faced many challenges in the virtual classroom, they acknowledged that both flipped learning environments provide ways to improve peer-to-peer collaboration, support student-to-teacher interaction, and increase student responsibility in learning. Data analysis resulted in findings also indicate that flipped learning engages students in active dialogue, increases mathematical discourse and creates a community of mathematical inquiry. The dissertation concludes by highlighting implications for theory, practice, and further research. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

5.
Handbook of research on remote work and worker well-being in the post-COVID-19 era ; : 264-285, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1887856

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to widespread adoption of virtual teams (VTs), the prevalence of which had already been increasing steadily. However, studies show that VTs often fail to meet their potential, highlighting the centrality of trust to their success. While trust is important at the team member level and the focus of much of the extant research, it also underpins effective virtual leadership. Following a review of VT and trust literatures, research conducted within three global technology companies across Europe, Middle East, and Africa is used to provide insights into trust development in virtual leader- member dyads. These highlight leaders' behaviours that can both demonstrate their own trustworthiness to VT members and their trust of VT members. These behaviours are integrated into a framework for enabling high trust VT leadership which emphasises member-centricity. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

6.
Journal of Palliative Medicine ; 24(4):481-483, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1887832

ABSTRACT

An estimated 7.3 million elders in the United States are home-limited. Not only are elders generally underrepresented in clinical trials and other research, homebound and seriously ill individuals are historically difficult to engage in patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) due to functional limitations and digital literacy challenges. We successfully used videoconferencing technology to engage homebound elders and caregivers longitudinally as PCOR stakeholder advisors. Our experiences with remote engagement are relevant for conducting research with isolated or difficult-to-reach populations during and beyond the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

7.
Gerontological social work and COVID-19: Calls for change in education, practice, and policy from international voices ; : 192-194, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1887794

ABSTRACT

This reprinted chapter originally appeared in Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 2020, 63[6-7], 679-681. (The following of the original article appeared in record 2021-00510-027.) Older Black adults are at an increased risk for COVID-19 for a number of reasons: poor socioeconomic status;living in rural/remote, high-density, or substandard physical environments;and difficulty accessing health care services (Bowden & Cain, 2020). Experience with anti-Black racism is also known to put members of Black and racialized communities at risk for COVID-19. These factors influence the health and social care of older Black adults, particularly those who are immunocompromised or present with underlying medical conditions, including diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, high blood pressure, and cancer. Current measures for reducing the transmission of COVID-19-including social distancing-do not take a racially and culturally informed approach to health and well-being. In the proposed intervention strategy, as in the traditional African practice of Ubuntu, individuals would see themselves as part of a collective whole. Older Black adults would have a central role in identifying their own and the group's needs, and determine with social workers the best possible solution for meeting those needs. Even at a distance, the interdependent relationship between older Black adults and social workers would depart from the traditional Eurocentric social work practice where the practitioner holds power, determines what the service user needs, and prescribes individualistic solutions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

8.
Coaching Psychologist ; 18(1):47-53, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1887776

ABSTRACT

Coaches have incorporated video-mediated coaching in their repertoire, and this has enabled coaching to continue during the Covid-19 pandemic and associated lockdowns. Video-mediated coaching does indeed bring several benefits, which we discuss in this piece, yet we also want to take the time to pause and reflect on our lived experience of coaching via this platform. We suggest some possible developments in coaching psychology vis-à-vis supporting video-mediated coaching in the 'new' normal and beyond. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Coaching Psychologist is the property of British Psychological Society and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

9.
Mol Divers ; 2022 Jun 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1888948

ABSTRACT

Novel drug compound hunting was carried out for SARS-CoV-2 proteins with low mutation susceptibility. The probability of escape mutation and drug resistance is lower if conserved microbial proteins are targeted by therapeutic drugs. Mutation rate of all SARS-CoV-2 proteins were analyzed via multiple sequence alignment Non-Structural Protein 13 and Non-Structural Protein 16 were selected for the current study due to low mutation rate among viral strains and significant functionality. Cross-species mutation rate analysis for NSP13 and NSP16 showed these are well-conserved proteins among four coronaviral species. Viral helicase inhibitors, identified using literature-mining, were docked against NSP13. Pharmacophore-based screening of 11,375 natural compounds was conducted for NSP16. Stabilities of top compounds inside human body were confirmed via molecular dynamic simulation. ADME properties and LD50 values of the helicase inhibitors and Ambinter natural compounds were analyzed. Compounds against NSP13 showed binding affinities between -10 and -5.9 kcal/mol whereby ivermectin and scutellarein showed highest binding energies of -10 and -9.9 kcal/mol. Docking of 18 hit compounds against NSP16 yielded binding affinities between -8.9 and -4.1 kcal/mol. Hamamelitannin and deacyltunicamycin were the top compounds with binding affinities of -8.9 kcal/mol and -8.4 kcal/mol. The top compounds showed stable ligand-protein interactions in molecular dynamics simulation. The analyses revealed two hit compounds against each targeted protein displaying stable behavior, high binding affinity and molecular interactions. Conversion of these compounds into drugs after in vitro experimentation can become better treatment options to elevate COVID management.

10.
Psych J ; 2022 Jun 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1888803

ABSTRACT

The rapidly increasing worldwide population of older adults, along with the increasing prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia in this population, is a growing health-care problem. As such, advances in technology-based cognitive interventions and games are playing an increasingly key role in preserving and improving older adults' cognitive function, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic when opportunities for face-to-face activities or training are few. In this paper, we summarize from previous studies systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the various types of technology used in cognitive interventions (namely, computerized cognitive training, virtual-reality interventions and robot-assisted interventions) and the empirical evidence on the effects of these technologies on global and specific cognitive functions in healthy and clinical populations of older adults (e.g., older adults with mild cognitive impairment or dementia). We also describe older adults' perceptions, experiences and acceptance of these technologies. Finally, we discuss the limitations, challenges and future avenues of research in this field.

11.
Wound Management & Prevention ; 68(5):14-24, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1887420

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease-19 pandemic has created changes in the way medicine is practiced. The move to virtual conferencing to avoid mass gatherings is a significant change to how health care professionals meet, discuss current trends, and share research. METHODS: Data from exit polls conducted after annual wound care symposiums were reviewed. Physicians, nurses, podiatrists, and other health care professionals attended. Respondents were asked to comment and reflect on their experiences of attending a virtual conference. RESULTS: Over 60% of all (N = 283) respondents stated the virtual conference was better than or on par with a live event. Many respondents had attended this live event in person in previous years. Of all respondents, 83% stated that they planned to access conference materials for the 30 days they remained posted after the event. More than 50% of respondents stated they favored the ability to communicate effectively with colleagues via the instant messaging feature offered by the conference. Approximately 80% of respondents stated that they would like to attend this and other conferences virtually in the future. CONCLUSIONS: The shift from in-person to virtual conferences has the potential to remain a significant method of attending health care conferences. Conference organizers are encouraged to consider how they can implement virtual components, including postconference access to materials, to enhance the confer-ence experience. Additional work needs to be done to understand the impact of the virtual format on knowledge retention

12.
International Journal of Conflict Management ; : 31, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1886551

ABSTRACT

Purpose The purpose of this study is to map the intellectual structure of the research concerning conflict and conflict management in virtual teams (VT), to contribute to the further integration of knowledge among different streams of research and to develop an interpretative framework to stimulate future research. Design/methodology/approach A data set of 107 relevant papers on the topic was retrieved using the Web of Science Core Collection database covering a period ranging from 2001 to 2019. A comparative bibliometric analysis consisting of the integration of results from the citation, co-citation and bibliographic coupling was performed to identify the most influential papers. The systematic literature review complemented the bibliometric results by clustering the most influential papers. Findings The results revealed different intellectual structures across several types of analyses. Despite such differences, 41 papers resulted as the most impactful and provided evidence of the emergence of five thematic clusters: trust, performance, cultural diversity, knowledge management and team management. Research limitations/implications Based on the bibliometric analyses an interpretative research agenda has been developed that unveils the main future research avenues. The paper also offers important theoretical contributions by systematizing knowledge on conflict in identifying VTs. Managerial contributions in the form of the identification of best practices are also developed to guide conflict management in VTs. Originality/value The uniqueness of this paper is related to its effort in studying, mapping and systematizing the knowledge concerning the topic of handling conflicts in VTs. Considering the current contingencies, this research is particularly timely.

13.
Early Music ; : 10, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1886395

ABSTRACT

Through the covid-19 pandemic, the choir of St Wulfram's Church, Grantham has approached elaborate Tudor polyphony via digital, virtual and hybrid methods. Remote music production devolves responsibility to individuals within a choir. It reframes trust dynamics among choir members, and between singers and their director. This helped singers to encounter polyphony in a new way while isolated from one another, rethinking repertory and re-evaluating their understanding of this period in music history. Re-creating historical performance factors by new means generated intriguing results. As in-person singing has gradually returned for parish church choirs, members have developed new confidence in singing polyphonic music.

14.
Toxics ; 10(6)2022 May 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1887242

ABSTRACT

Particle dispersions have been widely studied inside rooms, but few databases have examined the transmission risk of respiratory droplets outdoors. This study investigated the wind effect on the dispersion of coughed droplets and the influence of social distancing on the infection risk in different susceptible persons using computational fluid dynamics simulations. Infection risk was evaluated based on direct depositions and exposure fractions. The results indicated that a reverse and upward flow formed in front of an infected man, and it enhanced as the wind strengthened, which transported more medium particles higher and increased the deposition on both infected and susceptible persons. Small particles moved above the neck, and they rarely deposited on the body. Medium particles larger than 60 µm were more likely to deposit and could reach the head of a healthy person under stronger winds. The exposure fraction achieved peak values when numerous particles passed the breathing zone. Although longer social distancing could alleviate the particle deposition on the face and delay the most dangerous time, its effect on infection risk was ambiguous. The infection risk was larger for a shorter susceptible person because more particles were deposited on the face, and the exposure fraction contributed by particles above the neck was larger.

15.
Front Public Health ; 10: 890773, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1887155

ABSTRACT

Background: Virtual simulation has been widely used in nursing education and nursing training. This study aims to characterize the publications in terms of countries, institutions, journals, authors, collaboration relationships, and analyze the trends of virtual simulation in nursing research. Methods: Publications regarding virtual simulation in nursing were retrieved from Web of Science core collection. Microsoft Excel 2010, VOSviewer were used to characterize the contributions of the authors, journals, institutions, and countries. The trends, hot-spots and knowledge network were analyzed by Citespace and VOSviewer. Results: We identified 677 papers between 1999 and 2021. The number of publications grew slowly until 2019, after that, it got a sharp increase in 2020 and 2021. The USA, Canada and Australia were three key contributors to this field. Centennial College and University of San Paulo, University of Ottawa and Ryerson University were top major institutions with a larger number of publications. Verkuyl M was the most productive and highest cited author. Clinical Simulation in Nursing, Nurse Education Today, Journal of Nursing Education were the three productive journals. The foundational themes of virtual simulation research in nursing are "virtual learning during COVID-19, clinical nursing care, education in nurse practitioners, education technology". Conclusion: Virtual simulation in nursing field has attracted considerable attention during COVID-19 pandemic. The research hotspot is gradually shifting from clinical nursing care to studies of nursing education using different virtual simulation technologies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Nursing , Bibliometrics , Computer Simulation , Humans , Pandemics
16.
Interact J Med Res ; 11(1): e37880, 2022 Jun 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1887066

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic was well controlled in Taiwan until an outbreak in May 2021. Telemedicine was rapidly implemented to avoid further patient exposure and to unload the already burdened medical system. OBJECTIVE: To understand the effect of COVID-19 on the implementation of video-based virtual clinic visits during this outbreak, we analyzed the logistics of prescribing medications and patient flow for such virtual visits at a tertiary medical center. METHODS: We retrospectively collected information on video-based virtual clinic visits and face-to-face outpatient visits from May 1 to August 31, 2021, from the administrative database at National Taiwan University Hospital. The number of daily new confirmed COVID-19 cases in Taiwan was obtained from an open resource. RESULTS: There were 782 virtual clinic visits during these 3 months, mostly for the departments of internal medicine, neurology, and surgery. The 3 most common categories of medications prescribed were cardiovascular, diabetic, and gastrointestinal, of which cardiovascular medications comprised around one-third of all medications prescribed during virtual clinic visits. The number of virtual clinic visits was significantly correlated with the number of daily new confirmed COVID-19 cases, with approximately a 20-day delay (correlation coefficient 0.735; P<.001). The patient waiting time for video-based virtual clinic visits was significantly shorter compared with face-to-face clinic visits during the same period (median 3, IQR 2-6 min vs median 20, IQR 9-42 min; rank sum P<.001). Although the time saved was appreciated by the patients, online payment with direct delivery of medications without the need to visit a hospital was still their major concern. CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed that video-based virtual clinics can be implemented rapidly after a COVID-19 outbreak. The virtual clinics were efficient, as demonstrated by the significantly reduced waiting time. However, there are still some barriers to the large-scale implementation of video-based virtual clinics. Better preparation is required to improve performance in possible future large outbreaks.

17.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 775, 2022 Jun 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1886942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare providers were forced to shift many services quickly from in-person to virtual, including substance use disorder (SUD) and mental health (MH) treatment services. This led to a sharp increase in telehealth services, with health systems seeing patients virtually at hundreds of times the rate as before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. By analyzing qualitative data about SUD and MH care organizations' experiences using telehealth, this study aims to elucidate emergent themes related to telehealth use by the front-line behavioral health workforce. METHODS: This study uses qualitative data from large-scale web surveys distributed to SUD and MH organizations between May and August 2020. At the end of these surveys, the following question was posed in free-response form: "Is there anything else you would like to say about use of telehealth during or after the COVID-19 pandemic?" Respondents were asked to answer on behalf of their organizations. The 391 responses to this question were analyzed for emergent themes using a conventional approach to content analysis. RESULTS: Three major themes emerged: COVID-specific experiences with telehealth, general experiences with telehealth, and recommendations to continue telehealth delivery. Convenience, access to new populations, and lack of commute were frequently cited advantages of telehealth, while perceived ineffectiveness of and limited access to technology were frequently cited disadvantages. Also commonly mentioned was the relaxation of reimbursement regulations. Respondents supported continuation of relaxed regulations, increased institutional support, and using a combination of telehealth and in-person care in their practices. CONCLUSIONS: This study advanced our knowledge of how the behavioral health workforce experiences telehealth delivery. Further longitudinal research comparing treatment outcomes of those receiving in-person and virtual services will be necessary to undergird organizations' financial support, and perhaps also legislative support, for virtual SUD and MH services.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mental Health Services , Substance-Related Disorders , Telemedicine , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Workforce , Humans , Pandemics , Substance-Related Disorders/therapy
18.
Int J Qual Methods ; 21: 16094069221107144, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1886890

ABSTRACT

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, rapid virtual qualitative methods have gained attention in applied health research to produce timely, actionable results while complying with the pandemic restrictions. However, rigour and analytical depth may be two areas of concern for rapid qualitative methods. Methods: In this paper, we present an overview of a virtual team-based rapid qualitative method within a study that explored health care providers' perspectives of how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted hospital-to-home transitions, lessons learned in applying this method, and recommendations for changes. Using this method, qualitative data were collected and analyzed using the Zoom Healthcare videoconferencing platform and telephone. Visual summary maps were iteratively created from the audio recordings of each interview through virtual analytic meetings with the team. Maps representing similar settings (e.g. hospital providers and community providers) and Sites were combined to form meta-maps representing that group's experience. The combinations of data that best fit together were used to form the final meta-map through discussion. Results: This case example is used to provide a description of how to apply a virtual team-based rapid qualitative method. This paper also offers a discussion of the opportunities and challenges of applying this method, in particular how the virtual team-based rapid qualitative method could be modified to produce timely results virtually while attending to rigour and depth. Conclusions: We contend that the virtual team-based rapid qualitative data collection and analysis method was useful for generating timely, rigorous, and in-depth knowledge about transitional care during the COVID-19 pandemic. The recommended modifications to this method may enhance its utility for researchers to apply to their qualitative research studies.

19.
Comput Biol Med ; 147: 105728, 2022 Jun 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1885707

ABSTRACT

The impact of the ravages of COVID-19 on people's lives is obvious, and the development of novel potential inhibitors against SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpro), which has been validated as a potential target for drug design, is urgently needed. This study developed a model named MproI-GEN, which can be used for the de novo design of potential Mpro inhibitors (MproIs) based on deep learning. The model was mainly composed of long-short term memory modules, and the last layer was re-trained with transfer learning. The validity (0.9248), novelty (0.9668), and uniqueness (0.0652) of the designed potential MproI library (PMproIL) were evaluated, and the results showed that MproI-GEN could be used to design structurally novel and reasonable molecules. Additionally, PMproIL was filtered based on machine learning models and molecular docking. After filtering, the potential MproIs were verified with molecular dynamics simulations to evaluate the binding stability levels of these MproIs and SARS-CoV-2 Mpro, thereby illustrating the inhibitory effects of the potential MproIs against Mpro. Two potential MproIs were proposed in this study. This study provides not only new possibilities for the development of COVID-19 drugs but also a complete pipeline for the discovery of novel lead compounds.

20.
Brazilian Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; 9(34):177-187, 2022.
Article in English | English Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1884942

ABSTRACT

The pandemic of COVID-19 has changed the landscape of scientific meetings in 2020, leading to the cancellation, postponement or change of format in many conferences. The latter type of change involved the conversion of in-person to virtual meetings. The decision as well as the logistics involved in these changes are not easy. However, the benefits and gains provided by virtual scientific conferences through 2020 in many disciplines have shown that this format can overcome many challenges and promote the diversity in Forensic Sciences conferences as well. In this paper, the benefits and potentials of virtual conferences in Forensic Sciences, including Forensic Chemistry and Toxicology, in promoting scientific communication, accessibility, diversity and continuing education is discussed, in the light of the experiences of the Brazilian Society of Forensic Sciences with the 2020 SBCF Online Congress. The experiences obtained with virtual scientific meetings in 2020 have shown that these formats are very promising and important, and should be increasingly incorporated in future scientific meetings, as an alternative strategy to promote scientific communication, reaching large audiences, without travel limitations and at reduced costs for the attendees. However, this approach should not replace in-person meetings, which have many benefits that cannot be replaced by virtual meetings. Therefore, the combination of online and in-person meetings can be very useful strategies.

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