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1.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(3):2028-2035, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2208031

ABSTRACT

Background: The main risk factors for the occurrence of burnout in nurses include difficult working conditions prevailing in a hospital premise and complex relationships that may develop with other staff or patients. Caring for patients is a truly burdensome task that puts substantial physical and psychological pressure on nurses. Objective: the aim of this critical review is to elaborate on the escalating phenomenon of nursing burnout and the factors associated with it across a variety of health care systems and to identify a common sequence that explains the phenomena in routine clinical terms and within contemporary practice. Methods: For this review's needs, a critical search was undertaken in MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Both quantitative primary empirical studies and qualitative which examined associations between burnout and work-related factors in the nursing workforce. Articles included were published either in English or in Greek, predominately within the last decade. Results: There are four main elements that are highly associated with nursing burnout. These factors include Effects of burnout on nursing staff, Symptoms of burnout, Quality of patient care and Prevention of burnout. These can be found in table 1 together with their sub-categories. These will be further elaborated upon and critically appraised in the next section, i.e. discussion. Discussion: Nursing burnout has a direct effect on the care provided for patients and studies report that high emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization and low personal goals result in poor quality of care provided to patients. Achieving personal goals is related to better quality of care and emotional exhaustion results in a low quality of care provided by the nursing staff. Conclusions: As the nursing workforce represents the largest section within health care workers and given their valuable input as recently proven during the COVID-19 pandemic, and since the nurse workforce is predominantly female and married, their domestic responsibilities on top of a highly demanding shift work can only increase their overall burden and risk of burnout.

2.
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Juridica ; 17(3), 2021.
Article in French | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207479

ABSTRACT

The measures taken by the governments of the sub-Saharan states, especially in Nigeria and South Africa, in a bid to curb the spread of the dreaded corona virus (COVID-19) are discussed in this article. It is submitted that measures such as social distancing and lockdown of businesses exacerbated the existing problem of unemployment in sub-Saharan countries. Accordingly, this article analyzes the adequacy of the relevant laws and policies that were adopted by the governments of selected sub-Saharan African countries, namely, Nigeria and South Africa in a bid to stimulate the economy and to reduce unemployment in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Nigeria and South Africa were selected because they are amongst the largest economies in sub-Saharan Africa. The authors argue that the governments of Nigeria and South Africa should adopt and enforce pragmatic policies that are backed by appropriate legislation to combat the huge unemployment rate which was worsened by the advent of COVID-19. The article highlights that the problem of unemployment in Nigeria and South Africa must be addressed through adequate review of the employment policies, finance policies, educational curriculum and other related policies. It further recommends the review of the empowerment and socio-economic policies of these countries in order to prevent restlessness, riots and poverty-related protests that are induced by massive unemployment of the youth, women and other marginalized persons in Nigeria and South Africa.

3.
Journal of Moral Theology ; 12(1):81-88, 2023.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2218345

ABSTRACT

The article discusses that Pope Francis came to Canada to apologize for the Roman Catholic Church's involvement in residential schools. It mentions the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on the indigenous communities in Canada. It discusses the challenges faced by the Francis due to the discovery of several unmarked graves at the sites of former residential schools.

4.
NeuroQuantology ; 21(2):92-98, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2218311

ABSTRACT

Background: Pregnant women experience heightened symptoms of anxiety and depression substantially during the Covid-19 pandemic which is significantly linked to Covid-19 specific concerns about threats to their own lives, the health of their babies, not getting enough prenatal care, and social isolation. This level far exceeds what is usually expected during pregnancy and that experienced by other groups of people during the current pandemic. Social support and physical activity seem to be became a protective resilience factor. Given the known effects of stress on pregnancy, infant, and child outcomes, there is an urgent need to support pregnant individuals during this critical period to reduce long-term negative outcomes. Research objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression in pregnant women during Covid-19 pandemic and identifying factors that related to depressive anxiety in pregnant women during the Covid-19 pandemic. Research method: Samples were recruited online by inviting pregnant women in Indonesian. The number of participants were 138 participants. The anxiety and depression questionnaire during pregnancy were filled out by respondents online. Bivariate correlation was used to determine factors related to anxiety and depression in pregnant women during the pandemic Covid-19. Regression Logistics was used toidentify the factors that most influence the symptoms of anxiety and depression thatclinically improved. Result(s): A total of 138 pregnant women participated in this study. The majority of the women was 20-35 years old (n = 98, 71%). Fifty percent of the women were married graduated from junior or senior high school (n = 69), with majority (76.8%) of respondents (n = 106) were unemployed. Most of gestational age of pregnant women in the third semester (n = 60, 43.5%), with one child (n = 54, 39.1). There were significant differences in the anxiety (t =-6.14, p = <.001). Conclusion(s): The women who had high depression during Covid-19 pandemic has less likely anxiety than those women who had low depression during Covid-19. Copyright © 2023, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

5.
Economía, Sociedad y Territorio ; 23(71):309-338, 2023.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2217911

ABSTRACT

An Unemployment Vulnerability Index is presented to obtain the profiles of those employed in Mexico with the highest risk of losing their job, taking as reference labor data produced during the covid-19 pandemic. Among the results derived from the Analytical Hierarchical Process, it was found that the most influential variables to measure vulnerability to unemployment were sector and gender;thus women with basic education, working in the informal sector, in the services branch, or micro-enterprises and with low income, had a greater probability of losing their job.Alternate :En esta investigación se presenta un Índice de Vulnerabilidad al Desempleo para obtener los perfiles de los ocupados en México con mayor riesgo a perder su trabajo, se toman como referencia datos laborales producidos durante la pandemia por covid-19. Entre los resultados derivados del Proceso Jerárquico Analítico se encontró que las variables más influyentes para medir la vulnerabilidad al desempleo fueron el sector y el género;los perfiles de mujeres con educación básica, quienes trabajan en el sector informal, en la rama de servicios o en microempresas con un ingreso bajo, tuvieron una mayor probabilidad de perder su trabajo.

6.
American Journal of Public Health ; 113(2):144-145, 2023.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2214970

ABSTRACT

The article discusses the 2021 United Nations Women report "Measuring the Shadow Pandemic: Violence Against Women During COVID-19" in relation to several articles published in the issue. One report discusses a study which examined the changes in intimate partner violence among women in Iran. Another provides a framework grounded in the principle of health justice that may provide a basis for considering the current systems and structures that sustain violence against women.

7.
Journal of Italian Cinema and Media Studies ; 11(2):277-291, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2214834

ABSTRACT

During the months of lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Italian media helped provide an unprecedented degree of exposure for women scientists. The essay highlights the results of a quantitative and qualitative study on the portrayal and self-portrayal of Italian women scientists based on the digital editions of eight daily national newspapers and ten talk shows on the main national television channels from February to May 2020. The aim of the study is to show if and how those women scientists were valued as ‘experts' or, alternatively, discredited professionally. The picture that emerges is ambivalent: on the one hand, most journalists of both sexes minimize the role of women scientists, and on the other hand, their ability to appear as authoritative in science as their male colleagues makes us optimistic about the role they can hypothetically play in convincing the new generation of Italian women to study STEM subjects. © 2023 Intellect Ltd Article. English language.

8.
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2213076

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Batik is a craft in the creative industry, which is the identity of the Indonesian nation. One of the main batik tourism areas in Indonesia is Trusmi, and women entrepreneurs have a strategic role in developing the batik craft industry in the region. The batik industry faced various challenges during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Therefore, this study aims to explore the impact and identify strategic options during the COVID-19 period on batik businesses owned by women entrepreneurs in the Trusmi area. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses a qualitative case study method by interviewing ten batik women entrepreneurs in the Trusmi area. Findings: This study elaborates findings about the impact of COVID-19, the technology role, collaboration, the government role and strategic options. Originality/value: This study provides academic and practical implications, which are discussed further about the role of the craft industry in dealing with economic and social turmoil. © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited.

9.
International Journal of Public Leadership ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2213067

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This paper critiques how the member states adopted the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in a concerted effort to improve the lives and meet the basic needs of all global citizens. COVID-19 has been an unexpected precipitous monitoring system that has exposed the current implemented policies and systems, begging the question, "are these goals failing?” Furthermore, may it be equated to failed leadership on a global scale? The UN 17 SDGs is an urgent call for union by all countries – developed and developing – recognizes that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality and spur economic growth. This paper is central to addressing the shortcomings of UN leadership and multilateral organizations. The UN coordinates multilateral organizations' actions in reaching the most marginalized communities (United Nations, 2015). Hence, these outcomes have become more distant to those without means and most in need, a likely consequence of program failure and our globalized world. The pandemic has taught us national solutions to global problems fall short and may only exacerbate the outcome. The authors approach this as a failure of global leadership. The UN's pledge to "Leave No One Behind” has undermined its commitment to poverty and inequalities of racism and sectarianism. The UN staff are often unprepared to deal with the issues they have contributed to. They continue to perpetuate the inequalities that stem from racism and discrimination even though the pledge is to leave no one behind. The 17 SDGs are designed to impact citizens' health and livelihood. The goals have direct and indirect effects on women, children and the most marginalized groups residing in urban cities across the globe. This article examines systemic racism and the UN and its impact on the SDGs' agenda. Design/methodology/approach: This article proposes a human-centered approach to address leadership inadequacies in a global public leadership institution using a literature review and contemporary cases. Findings: This article argues a premise for the UN institutions to adapt their leadership approaches to better understand the global communities with whom they serve. Practical implications: This article is directed to multi-lateral leaders and governments in hopes to expose inequities and hypocrisies in order to advance more inclusive and culturally responsive approaches to tackle the most challenging social issues the world faces. Originality/value: This article draws on current events of racism that challenge one of the largest global institutions and can potentially undermine the achievement of meeting the 2030 UN SDGs for any country. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

10.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 2022 May 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2209023
11.
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics ; 159:154-159, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2172995

ABSTRACT

Quality of health care around the time of childbirth during the COVID-19 pandemic: results from the IMAgiNE EURO study in Norway and trends over time. Quality of maternal and newborn care around the time of childbirth for migrant versus nonmigrant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: results of the IMAgiNE EURO study in 11 countries of the WHO European Region. Quality of health care around the time of childbirth during the COVID-19 pandemic: Results from the IMAgiNE EURO study in Norway and trends over time. Quality of maternal and newborn care around the time of childbirth for migrant versus nonmigrant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: results of the IMAgiNE EURO study in 11 countries of the WHO European Region. [Extracted from the article]

12.
Health Science Reports ; 6(1), 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2172952

ABSTRACT

Background and AimsTo monitor the health status of pregnant women moment by moment, new technologies in the field of telemedicine can be used, such as virtual visits and virtual clinics. During the COVID-19 pandemic, by using these technologies, useful and satisfactory services have been provided to pregnant mothers. The aim of this study is to specify the applications, features, and infrastructure of a comprehensive virtual clinic in the field of gynecological and pregnancy care. MethodsA systematic review search was conducted through the scientific databases from February 2013 to February 2022 using Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed. Furthermore, manual searches in Google Scholar and the reference lists of included studies were carried out. ResultsIn this systematic review we included 16 articles that reported experiences in virtual clinics in pregnancy and postpartum healthcare. The involved studies were experimental, cohort, and cross-sectional studies. The target group users were pregnant or women who gave birth and families of neonatal. The application of virtual clinics was for the visit, consultation, monitoring, follow-up, and home care virtually. Highly satisfaction scores of caregivers after virtual visits and consultation were reported. There were some challenges during virtual visits and consultation;the most important challenge was a poor internet connection. ConclusionThe reviewed studies show promising outcomes according to patient and provider satisfaction. We predict that telehealth will become a growingly significant part of gynecological care in the future.

13.
Journal of International Women's Studies ; 24(8), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2169902

ABSTRACT

Mothers play an extremely important role with regards to monitoring the dental health of their children. Hormonal changes associated with pregnancy and poor oral hygiene are responsible for the development of gingivitis. Gingivitis is more common in pregnant women with pre-existing gum problems due to not following careful oral hygiene practices. Identifying mothers with poor oral hygiene and educating them on the importance of their own oral health and that of their unborn child can change previous trajectories of predicted gum disease. The research below focuses on the efforts of pregnant women to optimize the oral hygiene of children under five years of age in poorer communities within the East Java province during the COVID-19 pandemic. Qualitative methods are complemented by quantitative data utilizing a gender perspective. The location of this research centered on: Tomoron village, Omben district, Sampang regency;Bandung Rejosari village, Sukun district, Malang regency;and Gaji village, Kerek district, Tuban regency. The subjects of this study were specifically pregnant women and mothers who have toddlers, as well as health workers from puskesmas (community health centers) and local community leaders in poorer villages. The data were collected through interviews with 180 respondents, consisting of 60 respondents from each research location. The results of this study show: 1) Mothers' knowledge of dental health and their efforts to preserve it during the COVID-19 pandemic;2) Obstacles faced during this period, which included the lack of socializing and the prohibition on gathering within communities, and their effects on the health of mothers and children. Furthermore, limited services from puskesmas for dental health were found to be detrimental to both children and the general health of the community. © 2022, Journal of International Women''s Studies. All Rights Reserved.

14.
Sestrinsko delo / Information for Nursing Staff ; 54(3):48-52, 2022.
Article in Bulgarian | GIM | ID: covidwho-2169900

ABSTRACT

Infection by COVID-19 is accompanied by inflammatory changes and damage to the lung, with chronic lung disease and concomitant changes in the immune response further increasing the risk of severe disease and death. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of COVID-19 in healthcare professionals and the impact on respiratory function. Material and methods: Respiratory function testing was conducted using spirometry, and an anonymous questionnaire survey of women in the health care field was performed. The data show that those who have recovered from the coronavirus infection are a significant part of the examined health care professionals - 86.60%. In order to prevent more serious lung damage, it is necessary to develop and quickly introduce preventive care and rehabilitation programs for all professionals who have recovered from the coronavirus infection, regardless of the severity of its course.

15.
Journal of International Women's Studies ; 24(8), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2169858

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the living conditions of rural women in coastal areas of East Java became increasingly difficult. The aim of this study is to reveal the important roles of women and their social resilience to survive during the pandemic. This research was conducted in poor coastal villages in the province of East Java, namely: 1) Surabaya City with multicultural characteristics;2) Situbondo Regency with Javanese–Madurese mixed cultural characteristics and 3) Tuban Regency with Javanese cultural characteristics. The subjects of this study were married women who have children. Data collection was conducted for 2 months (June-July 2021) using a structured interview technique (questionnaire) with 185 respondents and an in-depth interview technique with 18 informants, including women and local leaders. The results of this study indicate the "coping” and "adaptive” capacities of women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Although women's work in these coastal villages was categorized as unskilled work generating little income, women were still working to overcome the direct threat of the pandemic through available resources such as skills, time, family, and neighborhood ties. However, this study shows only a few capacities of the "transformative” type, whereby women have access to assets and assistance from wider social and political networks. This study shows a strong patriarchal culture influencing the lives of poor coastal rural women, but also reveals that the role of women was very important in maintaining family health and meeting income shortages for family needs during the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2022,Journal of International Women''s Studies. All Rights Reserved.

16.
Journal of International Women's Studies ; 24(8), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2169857

ABSTRACT

This study analyzes the survival strategies of Indonesian women from low-income families with different social and geographical backgrounds. The participants of this study are married women with children from poor families who live in the provinces of East Java and West Sumatra, Indonesia. This research uses the survey method;researchers received questionnaire responses from 857 respondents (457 respondents in East Java, and 400 respondents in West Sumatra). The results of this study indicate that the survival strategy of low-income families during the COVID-19 pandemic is based on the strength of their existing social capital, especially with the support of their families and neighbors. Heavy reliance on their internal social capital creates heightened vulnerability;this study reveals that not all low-income families receive assistance or benefits from the central or local governments. External assistance is pivotal to amplify their existing social capital and to enhance their resilience. This study also suggests that the government's policies designed to support low-income families need to emphasize women's agency and empowerment. © 2022, Journal of International Women''s Studies. All Rights Reserved.

17.
Journal of International Women's Studies ; 24(8), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2169856

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has made everyone adapt in order to survive. The pandemic has an impact on all sectors of society, including religion, economy, health, and education. 'Aisyiyah is an organized women's Muslim group that helps the community in dealing with COVID-19. 'Aisyiyah uses tabligh as a form of information sharing to educate their cadres and the public regarding community problems in dealing with COVID-19. Through qualitative research methods, this study describes in detail how the model and impact of tabligh activities have been carried out by 'Aisyiyah during the pandemic. The results of the study show that tabligh regarding COVID-19 has been a means of education and enlightenment in the community that was met with high enthusiasm from the public. The During the pandemic, 'Aisyiyah East Java was involved in the Social Ta'awun Movement (people-help movement), Centelan and "For Masks.” Other efforts were also carried out by 'Aisyiyah to reach cadres and congregations and invite them to take part in online discussions, to make them feel that they are recognized, accepted, and treated humanely. A negative drawback of online outreach is that many people in East Java cannot attend because of difficulties in using information technology, but the positive impact is that people are able to attend tabligh at any time and do not need to attend in person. ‘Aisyiyah cares for its cadres through measures such as helping to boost immunity and strengthening faith and psychological health as well as providing moral support and assistance to cadres and their families who were left behind during the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2022 Journal of International Women's Studies.

18.
Journal of International Women's Studies ; 24(8), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2169729

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has changed most routines for the global population. Central and regional governments need to synergize policies to prevent further spread. Therefore, government and other agencies as well as other elements of the community are important factors in the implementation of working programs for disaster management. This study investigates the efforts of the local government and society in protecting women and children during the COVID-19 pandemic in West Java Province. In this case, the units involved include Development Planning Agency at Sub-National Level, Women's Empowerment, Child Protection and Family Planning Office, and various community organizations that focus on women's empowerment and child protection. The approach used in this study was qualitative with critical research endeavoring to understand the particular context and interactions. This brief study of the institution in the West Java Area in the provincial and district offices was conducted within one week. The results of the study showed that there are no specific policies set by the government concerning the handling of COVID-19 for women and children by the three local government institutions mentioned above. Policies created by the local government are still general in nature. There have been several strategic steps taken by government agencies regarding the protection of children and women. Government funds have been reallocated to help stop the transmission of the virus by disseminating information to the public via television, video conferencing, and other media. These programs should also be implemented asynchronously to maintain their continuity in the future. Non-governmental organizations have the flexibility to implement protection programs for children and women according to the problems and needs in the community. During the pandemic period, innovative programs for gender mainstreaming, women's empowerment, and child protection can be conducted by changing the format of existing programs to follow social-distancing health protocols but still maintain the sustainability of the programs for the long term. © 2022,Journal of International Women''s Studies.All Rights Reserved.

19.
Medicina ; 82(6):967-970, 2022.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2169686

ABSTRACT

The present report describes the case of a 23-year old pregnant woman who was in the 36.5th week of gestation of her second pregnancy. She was attended at the emergency room because of dry cough and progressive dyspnea, in association with headache and myalgia. The nasopharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was positive. Oxygen saturation and chest x-ray were normal. Laboratory tests showed elevated values of bilirubin, aminotransferases, alkaline phosphatase and lactic dehydrogenase, and mild thrombocytopenia. Shortly after being admitted she began with labor. Faced with the lack of progression, the termination of the pregnancy by cesarean section was decided. Arterial blood gases showed severe lactic acidosis. She never presented evidence of clinical signs of tissue hypoperfusion or sepsis that could explain it. The patient completed her postoperative period in the intensive care unit, undergoing supportive treatment. All laboratory parameters were normalized after 72 hours, evolving favorably from the clinical point of view. It was interpreted that she had a partial HELLP syndrome. Lactic acidosis is not a component of this syndrome. Nor can it be ascribed to a mild disease by SARS-Cov-2. It probably responded to a summation of causes, including hyperproduction of lactic acid during labor, as well as its reduced clearance because of liver dysfunction related to HELLP syndrome.

20.
Journal of International Women's Studies ; 24(8), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2169640

ABSTRACT

Jamu (traditional herbal medicine of Indonesia) emerges from Javanese culture that is passed down through generations. The tradition was brought by Javanese transmigrants in Lampung, Indonesia. Social interaction between transmigrants and locals led to the cultural assimilation of Javanese culture within local culture. The combination of two cultures brings a different meaning to Jamu consumption among the transmigrants. This study aims to explore the significance of traditional medical practices in transmigrant communities. This research uses a descriptive, qualitative method with an ethnographic approach. Participants were three first-generation transmigrant, elderly women, who consume herbal medicine and live in Dwi Mulyo Village, Penawartama District, Tulang Bawang Regency, Lampung. Although the participants were few, in-depth interviews and participatory observation were done to collect data. The results show that the Javanese tradition of drinking herbal medicine is a manifestation of the interaction between culture and women. Javanese women use herbal medicine in their daily lives, such as during menstruation and childbirth. Javanese women also use Jamu to maintain their family's health and to boost their immunity during COVID-19. The ability to produce herbal medicine is inherited by daughters from their mothers or traditional birth attendants during pregnancy. However, in Lampung, women face obstacles to using herbal medicine as their main choice due to the lack of availability of some herbal ingredients. These changes indicate that the local knowledge transfer process is a dynamic process. Furthermore, this continuing process can create a sustainable local knowledge. © 2022, Journal of International Women''s Studies. All Rights Reserved.

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