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1.
Academic resilience: Personal stories and lessons learnt from the COVID-19 experience ; CHAP: 53-69,
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2087960

ABSTRACT

The pandemic has changed our work schedule and everyday routine. As a researcher, I found this time to be challenging both professionally and personally. This chapter includes some of those challenges and highlights how I overcame them. It took me time to find solutions to new complexities that emerged in my work life due to the pandemic. After almost two years in the pandemic I am able to look back and identify how the institution supported us and how I self-motivated and pushed myself to keep going and work towards my goals. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

2.
J Syst Softw ; : 111552, 2022 Oct 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2086495

ABSTRACT

In early 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic forced employees in tech companies worldwide to abruptly transition from working in offices to working from their homes. During two years of predominantly working from home, employees and managers alike formed expectations about what post-pandemic working life should look like. Many companies are experimenting with new work policies that balance employee- and manager expectations regarding where, when and how work should be done in the future. In this article, we gather experiences of the new trend of remote working based on the synthesis of 22 company-internal surveys of employee preferences for WFH, and 26 post-pandemic work policies from 17 companies and their sites, covering 12 countries in total. Our results are threefold. First, through the new work policies, all companies formally give employees more flexibility regarding working time and location. Second, there is a great variation in how much flexibility the companies are willing to yield to the employees. The paper details the different formulations that companies adopted to document the extent of permitted WFH, exceptions, relocation permits and the authorization procedures. Third, we document a change in the psychological contract between employees and managers, where the option of working from home is converted from an exclusive perk that managers could choose to give to the few, to a core privilege that all employees feel they are entitled to. Finally, there are indications that as the companies learn and solicit feedback regarding the efficiency of the chosen strategies, we will see further developments and changes in the work policies concerning how much flexibility to work whenever and from wherever they grant. Through these findings, the paper contributes to a growing literature about the new trends emerging from the pandemic in tech companies and spells out practical implications onwards.

3.
SSRN;
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-346241

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the productivity, the advantages and disadvantages of work-from-home employees which are based on their actual experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. The mixed-method approach utilizes a descriptive research design and survey questionnaire to gather data from 120 government employees who were chosen by purposive sampling. Data were analyzed by mean score and content analysis. Results showed that employees while working from home are very productive. Less exposure to the risk of getting a disease is the biggest advantage while the lack of data or documents for work is the main disadvantage. The benefits in the qualitative part of the study are time freedom, the ability to balance work and life and reduced travel time. While the drawbacks are the unavailability of documents, internet connection and social interaction. It also revealed that some employees felt that it was boring, nevertheless, they have more positive rather than negative experiences while working from home. It is not only beneficial during a pandemic but also in the future, considering that working from home will likely remain a hybrid form in organizations. The correlations should also become an inspiration for further research.

4.
SSRN;
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-346147

ABSTRACT

We estimate the impact of Covid-induced working from home (WFH) on offline consumer spending in urban agglomerations. Our analysis draws on postcode-level data on card transactions and WFH patterns in major German cities between January 2019 and May 2022. We address endogeneity in WFH uptake by estimating intention-to-treat effects based on “untapped WFH potential”, i.e. the share of employees with a teleworkable job who did not WFH pre-pandemic. This measure approximates the local scope to expand WFH and explains both observed WFH growth during the pandemic as well as prospective employer plans and employee desires. Difference-in-differences estimates show that local spending increases by 2–3 percent per standard deviation higher untapped WFH potential. The effects are only significant in non-lockdown periods and after Covid restrictions are permanently lifted. Null effects during lockdowns are consistent with temporary shifts toward online spending when business closures preclude regional relocation of offline consumption.

5.
Front Psychol ; 13: 993317, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080259

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study investigated the association between work-time control (WTC), independently and in combination with hours worked (HW), and four mental health outcomes among 2,318 participants of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) who worked from home during the COVID-19 pandemic. WTC was assessed by the WTC Scale, and mental health outcomes included depression, anxiety, stress (measured by the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale, DASS-21), and self-rated mental health. Logistic regression models were used to determine odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Among women, long HW were associated with stress (OR = 1.56; 95% CI = 1.11-2.20) and poor self-rated mental health (OR = 1.64; 95% CI = 1.13-2.38), whereas they were protective against anxiety among men (OR = 0.59; 95% CI = 0.37-0.93). In both sexes, weak WTC was associated with all mental health outcomes. Among women, the long HW/weak WTC combination was associated with all mental health outcomes, and short HW/weak WTC was associated with anxiety and stress. Among men, long HW/strong WTC was protective against depression and stress, while short HW/strong WTC and short HW/weak WTC was associated with all mental health outcomes. In both sexes, weak WTC, independently and in combination with HW, was associated with all mental health outcomes. WTC can improve working conditions, protect against mental distress, and fosterwork-life balance for those who work from home.

6.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2073015

ABSTRACT

In recent years, retail trading in stocks, cryptocurrencies and other assets has become significantly more popular, and since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic and the shift to a work-from-home regime, it has in many ways become a mainstream activity. In this dissertation, I utilize a proprietary dataset obtained from an international broker to produce new insights about the behavior and performance of this important group of traders.In the first essay, I study the use of leverage by retail traders. Utilizing a major regulatory intervention that limited the amount of leverage that retail brokers may offer on certain financial derivatives, I deploy a difference-in-differences research design and report that leverage is highly detrimental to the wealth of retail traders. I further show that overconfidence and an insufficient understanding of leverage are important contributors to this result. These findings portray a situation in which retail traders make a financial mistake that is so extreme that it may justify a regulatory intervention even in the absence of an apparent market failure.In the second essay, I investigate the implications of the recent shift to a work-from-home regime on retail trading. Exploiting the changes in work-from-home policies within and across countries, I demonstrate that, upon working from home, retail traders pay more attention to their brokerage accounts, trade more and perform better. These findings not only illustrate important changes in the behavior of retail traders but also provide causal support for the literature aiming to link traders' attention to their performance. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

7.
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology ; 40(10):97, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067773

ABSTRACT

Background. The National Sjogren's Patient Association (NVSP), the only Sjogren's patient association in the Netherlands, was founded on 10 December 1986 and currently has 2150 members. Our goals are to represent the interests of our members and to provide patients and their families with information. Objectives. The NVSP receives questions through several channels from patients with Sjogren's and non-Sjogren sicca. They are worried about the consequences of the restrictions on daily life and work and what corona can do to their disease. Methods. An attempt was made to get a picture of what the patients think by means of a survey. The results of the survey can lead to recommendations. In this way, their concerns can be addressed and the continuity of care among the many care providers with whom a Sjogren's patient comes into contact can be guaranteed also during the corona pandemic. Results. A total of 95 patients completed the survey in the period from 26 May to 20 July 2020, between the first and second lockdown. Concerns about corona in relation to daily life and work: 73% of respondents adjusted their daily activities during the pandemic due to government guidelines and the fear of getting corona. Hobbies outside the home and voluntary work have been drastically reduced. Working at home increased because employers did not consider it wise to come to work. Continuity of healthcare: A quarter of the participants think that healthcare has changed a lot to very much (Fig. 1). Relatively many appointments with GPs, dentists, oral hygienists, ophthalmologists and physiotherapists were cancelled, rescheduled or postponed compared to the other disciplines. The GP was virtually unavailable by phone. Concerned more than others: Corona contributes to uncertainty in Sjogren's patients for several reasons. It is not clear in which case the condition leads to a higher risk of corona and what it means for work. Conclusions. Concerns about corona in relation to daily life and work: people have started to work more inside than outside, both in business and in private. Continuity of healthcare: due to the sudden pandemic, many decisions were made about the patient and not with the patient. Even though many appointments continued, albeit in a different way, the patients were very satisfied with this. Alternatives to maintain face-to-face contact with patients (such as video calling) were not sufficiently explored. Concerned more than others: 66% indicated that they consider themselves vulnerable to corona because they have Sjogren's disease (Fig. 2), or take immunosuppressive medication, or because the specialist indicates that they are in a high-risk group. Several of the above factors may apply to a patient. (Figure Presented).

8.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(19)2022 Sep 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065948

ABSTRACT

In 2020, as part of the COVID-19 pandemic, governments around the world enacted a wide variety of regulations and laws to contain the incidence of infection. One of these measures was the relocation of work to the home office. The objective of this review was to analyze the influence of the home office in correlation with regulations on sedentary and activity behavior. A search was conducted on various electronic databases from November 2019 to January 2022, using the search terms physical activity (PA), COVID-19, and working from home. The primary outcomes were changes in PA and sedentary behavior (SB). Secondary outcomes included pain, mood, and parenting stress. The risk of bias was assessed using the (NHLBI) Quality Assessment Tool. For the review, 21 articles met the inclusion criteria (total n = 1268). There was a significant increase in SB (+16%) and a decrease in PA (-17%), Light PA (-26%), and moderate to vigorous PA (-20%). There was also an increase in pain and parenting stress and a decrease in well-being. Due to our significant results, programs that promote movement should be created. Future studies should explore how an increase of PA and a reduction of SB in the home office could be achieved.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Sedentary Behavior , COVID-19/epidemiology , Exercise , Humans , Pain , Pandemics
9.
Travel Behaviour and Society ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2061909

ABSTRACT

Life, including working style and travel behaviour, has been severely disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The unprecedented number of work-from-home (WFH) employees after the outbreak of COVID-19 has attracted much scholarly attention. As it is generally believed that WFH arrangements are not ephemeral, it is imperative to study the impacts of WFH on travel behaviour and its impact on sustainable transport in the post-pandemic era. In relation, this study uses a set of longitudinal GPS tracking data in Switzerland to examine changes in trip characteristics (i.e. travel distance, travel time), travel behaviours (i.e. travel frequency, peak hour departure, trip destination, travel mode), and activities (i.e. trip pattern diversity, trip purpose, and time spent at home). Two groups of participants (WFH and Non-WFH) are identified and compared through three periods (pre-COVID, during lockdown, and post lockdown) from September 2019 to October 2020. Results show that more significant reductions of trip distance, travel time, travel frequency, morning peak hours trips, trips to the CBD are observed among the WFH group. These changes helped to mitigate negative transport externalities. Meanwhile, active transport trips, trip pattern diversity, leisure trips, and time spent at home also increased more significantly for the WFH group when compared to their counterparts. Hence, promoting WFH may not only be beneficial to teleworkers but also to the wider community through more sustainable transport. Future research direction and policy implications are also discussed.

10.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-344188

ABSTRACT

Work–life balance is considered to be the top challenge for working women globally. The COVID-19 pandemic catalyzed a worldwide experiment regarding the various components of this challenge and its possible solutions. Because the pandemic forced numerous workers to shift their working lives from the office to their private homes, it created the largest global experiment in remote work in human history, with implications for women’s equality. As this article wishes to show, the phenomenon of remote work illuminates gender inequality and the difficulty of work–life balance. Since remote work is mainly conducted from the personal residence of the employee, it generates a hybrid private–professional site and brings to the workplace context the private characteristics of the employee. Thus, remote work exposes how women’s traditional role in the private sphere—caregivers—influences their ability to progress at work. The ubiquity of the trend of remote work during the pandemic also revealed what third-wave feminism argued long ago: the feminine experience is not unitary;different women must cope with different difficulties. The pandemic showed that the ability to shift to remote work and successfully balance work with familial duties is not uniform among women. Questions of financial and marital status are also part of this equation. It appears that working from a distance with the help of technology will become the most prominent way to conduct work in the future. Unless different regulatory models are developed, the current massive telecommuting trend has the potential to strengthen gendered and socioeconomic inequalities in U.S. society. Against this background, this article suggests a model for a solution that considers private–professional hybridity and both employers and governmental authorities. In this way, the article offers broad systemic solutions intended to diminish the effect of an employee’s familial and socioeconomic background on her ability to shift to telework on an equal basis with others and, in doing so, participate equally in the digitalized labor market of the future.

11.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-344149

ABSTRACT

We identify voluntary corporate work-from-home announcements during the COVID-19 crisis by scraping listed-company websites. Market reactions provide new information about the value and risk implications of corporate adaptation to crises. Event studies show three-to-five percent abnormal returns over five days following work-from-home announcement. Factor regressions establish significant declines in COVID-risk exposure relative to characteristic-matched samples. We conclude that markets actively processed information about corporate adaptation to COVID-19, beyond previous assessments of ex ante corporate susceptibility. We develop methodological extensions for clustered event windows, show faster market reaction to Bloomberg announcements, and confirm the work-from-home proxies that predicted early adaptation.

12.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-344117

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of COVID-19, work-from-home (WFH) and e-commerce have become much more common in many cities. Many news reports have contended that households are leaving city centres and moving into bigger and better houses in the suburbs or rural areas. This emerging trend has been redefining the traditional theory of residential location choices. Proximity to CBD is no longer the most critical consideration in choosing one’s residence. WFH and e-commerce flatten the traditional bid rent curve from the city centre. This study is one of the earliest attempts to identify the pandemic’s impact on house rents by applying a rental gradient analysis to compare the pre-and post-COVID-19 periods in Auckland. We examined micro-level housing rental listings in 242 suburbs of the Auckland Region from January 2013 to December 2021 (108 months) and found that the hedonic price gradient models suggest that there has been a trend of rental gradient flattening and that its extent was almost doubled in 2021. Rents are also found to be increasing more in lower-density suburbs. The results imply that the pandemic has accelerated the trend of WFH and ecommerce. We also scrutinised this WFH trend as a robustness check by utilising micro-level household census data from the Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI) of Statistics New Zealand. We further discuss whether the trend will be a transient phenomenon or a long-term shift.

13.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science ; 63(7):1554-A0279, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2058609

ABSTRACT

Purpose : Preliminary evidences from the literature, together with our everyday clinical practice and patients reporting, led us to hypothesize that dry eye (DED) symptoms related to some COVID-19 mitigation measures might be a common problem and a relevant issue. We designed this study in order to assess and to monitor DED symptoms' changes from 2019 to 2021, in both DED patients and healthy subjects, and to investigate their relationship with homeworking and facemask wearing. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who, between November and December 2019 (V19), had undergone an eye exam including quantification of Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) score at the Eye Clinic San Giuseppe Hospital, Milan. Between November and December 2020, we performed a telephone survey (V20) contacting these patients. The survey was repeated between November and December 2021 (V21). The telephone survey included the OSDI 12-items and a custom-made questionnaire exploring type of job or occupation, home working, screen time, type and average time of face mask-wearing, and recent onset and worsening of DED-related symptoms. We investigated the difference among V21, V20 and V19 DED symptoms, the rate of subjects with OSDI increase > OSDI minimal clinically important difference (MCID), and associations between DED symptoms, face masks wearing, VDT usage and home working. Results : Of 120 subjects with V19 OSDI≤12, 43 (36%) and 39 (32%) showed OSDI>12 at V20 and at V21, respectively. OSDI was significantly correlated with duration of face masks use (V20 r= 0.29;P<0.01. V21 r= 0.23;P<0.01) and heavy mask users had a significantly higher OSDI (P<0.05). V20 and V21 OSDI was significantly higher in home-workers (P<0.05) but we did not find a significant correlation between V21 OSDI and referred number of VDT use (r= 0.07;P=0.41). Of 70 patients with V19 OSDI>12, 18 (26%) and 24 (34%) showed symptoms worsening >MCID at V20 and V21, respectively. The percentage of OSDI worsening >MCID was significantly higher among heavy face masks users (73% vs 12%;P<0.01, Fisher test). The percentage of OSDI worsening >MCID was significantly higher in home workers at V20 but not at V21. Conclusions : Some COVID-19 mitigation strategies seem to have a significant role in triggering DED symptoms onset or worsening. This issue persisted during the second pandemic year, with weaker correlation to presumed trigger factors.

14.
Ymer ; 21(2):134-144, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2057125

ABSTRACT

The paper determines the level of work life balance (WLB) while work from home and while attending the office regularly. The participants were same and they have to rate the Work Life Balance assuming themselves in both the situations. The two groups compared were male employees and female employees. The participants were taken randomly from four engineering consultancies in NCR (Jacobs Engineering, Tractebel Engineering, Bechtel India Pvt. Ltd. and Ercom Engineers Pvt. ltd.). 124 completed responses found to be completed. Further the study compares the mean values of Work Life Balance while work from home and regular office among male and female employees. The results reveal that the employees can maintain the WLB level well while work from home. The hypothesis testing results show that there is no significant difference among the male and female employees in the level of Work Life Balance while work from home and regular office. © 2022 University of Stockholm. All rights reserved.

15.
Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala ; 78:7-25, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2057055

ABSTRACT

This study aims to find Indonesian workers’ decision whether to continue Working from Home (WFH) in the future by measuring how well their job satisfaction is fulfilled by the fulfillment of work-life balance and work motivation. The data from this study was collected from 208 office workers respondents who underwent WFH for the first time during the COVID-19 pandemic by distributing an online questionnaire in Indonesia. The study results indicate that office workers feel that work-life balance and work motivation directly affect their job satisfaction. In conclusion, Indonesian workers choose to continue their WFH in the future due to the increase in their job satisfaction during WFH. © 2022, Editura Lumen. All rights reserved.

16.
Journal of Men's Studies ; : 1, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2053686

ABSTRACT

Experiences of required work from home during the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the sense of self and wellbeing of men, especially managers, potentially shaped by positions that men take up within discourses of masculinity. Thematic decomposition applied to verbatim transcripts of semi-structured interviews with seven white collar managers living in Australia who identified as men revealed a challenge to the participants’ productivity and subscription to the traditional masculine subject position of the “ideal worker”;and dissolution of boundaries between home and work that prevented some participants from privileging their “breadwinner” subject position. The liminal space of the Home-Office needs to be negotiated to alleviate impacts on self, anxiety, and stress resulting from conflicting work and domestic roles. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Men's Studies is the property of Sage Publications Inc. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

17.
17th IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications, MeMeA 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2052064

ABSTRACT

Lack of physical activity along with improper diet, stress, sleep deprivation and habits like smoking negatively affects a corporate employee's long-term well-being. With repeated waves of COVID-19 pandemic happening, the proportion of those working from home in this group is rapidly increasing. It makes them more prone to a sedentary lifestyle thus raising the risk of future cardiovascular issues. Resting Heart Rate (RHR) is an established indicator of cardiac fitness. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of minimal lifestyle modification on RHR and thus the cardiac health of corporate employees. The study was conducted on 10 previously sedentary corporate employees who shifted to work from home mode post the pandemic. Participants incorporated a minimum of 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity into their daily lifestyle according to the recommendations of the World Health Organisation (WHO). In addition, they were also advised to implement other lifestyle modifications such as dietary alteration, sleep regularity, etc. Measurement of the RHR of each participant was done regularly for a period of three months and an overall analysis was done at the end of the study. A total of 90 data sets were analysed. It was found that RHR decreased in all the participants by the end of the study duration. In addition, it was seen that endurance training combined with other lifestyle modifications gives a greater reduction in RHR in comparison with other modes of exercise. This study concluded that incorporating the WHO recommended physical activity in daily routine greatly helped in improving the cardiac health of previously sedentary work from home corporate employees. © 2022 IEEE.

18.
Journal of Business Research ; 154:113303, 2023.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2041899

ABSTRACT

As remote work has become more common than ever throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, it has drawn special attention from scholars. However, the outcome has been significantly sporadic and fragmented. In our systematic review, we use artificial intelligence-based machine learning tools to examine the relevant extant literature in terms of its dominant topics, diversity, and dynamics. Our results identify-eight research themes: (1) Effect on employees at a personal level, (2) Effect on employees’ careers, (3) Family life and gender roles, (4) Health, well-being, and safety, (5) Labor market dynamics, (6) Economic implications, (7) Remote work management, (8) Organizational remote work strategies. With further content analysis, we structure the sporadic research into three overarching categories. Finally, for each category, we offer a detailed agenda for further research.

19.
Studies in Big Data ; 111:41-68, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2034997

ABSTRACT

This chapter is about analyzing cybersecurity risks and their mitigation for work-from-home considering the COVID-19 situation, concerning the tools and techniques being used to run the organization’s operations. This chapter will help you understand the utilizations of online stages as a home office, and it will clear all the issues that emerge during this pandemic circumstance. Everything is discussed in insights concerning the dangers of tools and applications, which has picked up the business's goal shockingly. This is the worst pandemic that ever happened to humanity because every company and department suffers from this tragedy. Moreover, cybercriminals are constantly looking for new attack vectors. Already they have attempted to exploit the servers of many corona research centers. Also, they have strived to take over video conferencing platforms like zoom. Alleviation of those all-outsider applications and their answers are covered in this study work, which will assist you to make your home environment and your home office safe. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

20.
Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2032226

ABSTRACT

Purpose The COVID-19 pandemic pushed organizations across the world to suddenly adopt work from home at a mass scale to maintain business continuity. This study aims to investigate the influence of lack of social interaction in work from the home arrangement on employee work effectiveness. Design/methodology/approach The data were analysed using the partial least square (PLS) structural equation modelling (SEM) approach, a nonparametric method based on total variance, through SmartPLS software 3.0. The data were collected from 399 participants in India using the snowball sampling technique. The target populations were the people who were working from home due to the pandemic and by asking them to forward the survey link in their network. Findings The results suggest that social interaction has a significant positive impact on work effectiveness. However, this impact is not affected by the employee's perceived benefits of maintaining social distancing during the pandemic. The study also found that social interaction is important for both genders and found no significant difference in the relationship between social interaction and work from home effectiveness for male and female employees. Practical implications This study will be useful for human resource practitioners and managers as they build strategies to adopt work from home as a regular practice even in non-pandemic situations. Originality/value This study is the first to examine the influence of lack of social interaction on the work from home effectiveness during the COVID-19 times. It examines the moderating role of the perceived benefits of maintaining social distancing and gender on the effect of lack of social interaction as a barrier to work from home effectiveness.

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