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1.
Global Oils & Fats: Business Magazine ; 18(4):28-32, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958437

ABSTRACT

This article looks at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global palm oil market as well as the post-pandemic outlook for the market. It is indicated that, in the long-term, the post-pandemic outlook for the palm oil industry remains bright. Since the last quarter of 2019, palm oil supply and demand are back in balance, while stocks are declining. Prices have been relatively high for most of 2020 and 2021. Also discussed are the proven benefits of palm oil and the opportunity of the palm oil sector to achieve UN goals.

2.
Research on World Agricultural Economy ; 3(2), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1925009

ABSTRACT

The 1991 Indian reforms aimed at economic liberalization, as a part of its economic structural adjustment, and transformed the nation's economy into a more global market-based and service-oriented system, which revolutionized its agricultural trade facet. The new regime paved the way for the self-reliant Indian agriculture to expand its roots into the spheres of global competitiveness and export orientation. India enjoys competitive advantage in the international market and considering the growth in India's exports of major agricultural commodities. This study employed Constant Market Share model to analyze the export performance of its various facets such as diversification, instability, elasticity, competitiveness, etc. The findings revealed that India's growth performance of major agricultural commodities' exports both in terms of quantity and value was found satisfactory (except wheat and cashew nuts, shelled (quantity)) during 1991-2020. During the recent past decade, i.e., 2011-2020, World Demand Effect (WDE) is the main sources of India's agricultural export performance (due to general rise/fall in world demand given a constant market share of the India, unlike Market Distribution Effect (MDE), Commodity Composition Effect (CCE) and the Residual Competitiveness Effect (RCE) due to high inconsistency arising out of changes in external environment). Both MDE and RCE with respect to commodity-wise exports and CCE and RCE with respect to country-wise exports are found negative for majority of commodities and countries (markets) respectively. Consistently negative CCE for exports of agricultural products, total and across major export destinations were found more disheartening and this should deserve special attention. So, it is imperative to boost the export competitiveness of agricultural commodities from India and the future prospects of exports depend on how much the latest surge in COVID-19 infections in India affects its agricultural production and global demand conditions.

3.
AgroEkonomika ; 51(94):17-27, 2022.
Article in Serbian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1888217

ABSTRACT

The economic crisis caused by the external shock in the form of the COVID-19 pandemic had the character of a systemic risk affecting all markets in the world. Due to high levels of economic integration, negative spillover effects were inevitable. Indirect effects particularly affected the agricultural sector with simultaneous shocks on the supply and demand side. The research includes an analysis of negative distortions of a macroeconomic nature in order to show in the most adequate way the vital importance of the agricultural sector at the level of the European Union (EU). Given the acute nature of the economic crisis, interventions at the EU level (and in countries) targeting exit strategies have a key role to play. The analysis of the implemented strategies in the EU in 2020 indicates that: (a) economic policymakers have minimized the gap in the implementation of measures, by applying generous and prompt programs aimed at the agricultural sector;(b) there is a need to move from urgent rescue programs to "no regrets" programs that can improve the resilience of the agricultural sector to future external shocks in the long run.

4.
Atithya: A Journal of Hospitality ; 6(1):40-46, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1887580

ABSTRACT

Tourism and allied sectors are interdependent entities contributing to foreign exchange earnings of the overall GDP of the country. Tourism and allied sectors walk hand in hand to attract and serve tourist at the destination. The outbreak of COVID-19 compelled the countries to seal their boundaries;levy restriction on visa & foreign tourist and social distancing. Fear in the mind of people about the virus has impacted the movement of the tourist in the domestic & international market leading to revenue loss for tourism sector. The process of unlock 1.0 has started but tourist has many expectations post lockdown about the mode of travel, the travel agency which will plan itinerary, hotel they are going to stay, whether all sectors are following the strict rules & regulations to provide safe & hygienic environment to its tourist. The questionnaire will be circulated by Simple Random sampling method among the residents in Maharashtra through Google forms- digital survey app medium. So the study has attempted to explore and analyze the impact of lockdown on tourism & the changes in the tourist behavior and choice patterns post lockdown from the tourism service providers.

5.
Policy Research Working Paper - World Bank|2022. (9911):59 pp. many ref. ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1848321

ABSTRACT

The Philippines was among the most infected countries in East Asia at the onset of the COVID-19 outbreak. This study analyzes how international trade on various margins was affected by the country's own lockdown policies and those of trading partners. Using a monthly series of product- by-country data for the period from January 2019 to December 2020 and an event study design, the paper shows that domestic lockdown measures did not affect international trade but external lockdowns affected both ex- ports and imports. The introduction of lockdown measures by trading partners affected imports more than exports, leading to 7 and 56 percent monthly average drops in export and import values, respectively. Restrictions on internal movements and international travel controls in partner countries were responsible for the drop in exports. The slump in imports was because of workplace closure, stayat- home requirements, restrictions on internal movement, and international travel controls by trading partners of the Philip- pines. Intermediate goods were the key driver of the drop in imports following foreign lockdowns, reflecting supply disruptions in backward global value chain participation. At the same time, exports of intermediate goods were more resilient to the lockdown policies. Finally, both exports and imports were more affected at the extensive margin than the intensive margin, as lockdown measures hindered interactions among people, in turn reducing the potential of businesses to create new relationships and launch new products in foreign markets. Overall, diversified and geographically dispersed suppliers can help countries adjust better to future disruptions.

6.
Agribusiness & Applied Economics Report - Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics, North Dakota State University|2020. (801):x + 88 pp. ; 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1841780

ABSTRACT

This report presents organized and structured information on soybean trade indicators across geographical space and through time. The indicators considered are exports, imports and prices. These also are presented at the by-product level. The levels of aggregation are global, U.S. and North Dakota. The information of each indicator is presented in the form of trends and descriptive statistics. The former reveals the direction of the growth, while the latter reveals the magnitude of expectations. The descriptive statistics are represented by the mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation and share contribution to the total. The report is presented in six sections: (I) global temporal soybean trade, (II) global spatial soybean export, (III) global spatial soybean import, (IV) U.S. temporal soybean export, (V) U.S. spatial soybean export and (VI) U.S. state level soybean export. At the global level, the trends of the indicators are presented in addition to the descriptive statistics of the top 15 exporting and importing countries. The trends and descriptive statistics for the top 15 exporting states also are provided at the U.S. level. This report is important because it serves as an informational guide on exports, our competitors for exports and potential markets for soybeans to our producers. In the current environment, the success (productivity and net farm income stability) of agricultural business depends on accurate prediction of potential demand for soybeans and their products to help producers in making decisions for domestic or foreign markets. Hence, having a comprehensive and accurate database on exports and imports at the global, national and state levels will enable producers in decisionmaking with confidence. To formulate trade policies related to the international market, the trends and the descriptive statistics are useful to producers in identifying variations in demand for soybeans and their products. For decision makers, this information is helpful in the development of risk management tools for potential export losses due to risky events such as politically driven tariffs and uncertain events such as COVID-19. Finally, in the years of decline, identifying sources of variation or risk in changing consumer preferences, genetically modified restrictive index, trade facilitation and prosperity indexes is important. The study reveals that: Global Trade * The soybean market has shifted to processed products. * Soybean grain, residue and crude oil are primary with an increase in flour. * Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Canada are the major competitors with the U.S. for soybean grains. * China, Japan, Netherlands, Spain and Germany are the major destinations for soybean grain. * Soybean grain prices have been on the decline in recent years. U.S. Trade vii * China, Mexico, Japan, Indonesia and Netherlands are the major destinations for U.S. soybean grains. * Turkey, Russia, Argentina and Italy are among the top 15 importers of soybean grains but not part of the top 15 U.S. export destinations. U.S. State Trade * Our state-level estimates of trade are consistent with U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Economic Research Service (ERS) exports. In contrast, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) under- and overestimates state exports because they are based on the location of the port. * Our production-adjusted state export estimates suggest the major exporters of soybeans are Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Indiana, Ohio, Missouri, South Dakota, North Dakota and Kansas. North Dakota Trade * North Dakota soybean exports are underestimated by the USDA FAS. * For instance, the production adjusted export value predicts a value of $885,365,842 in 2018, while the ERS method predicted $887,896,380 for North Dakota. On the other hand, the FAS method presents a value of $62,543,314.

7.
Acta Economica et Turistica ; 7(2):227-243, 2021.
Article in English, Croatian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1837574

ABSTRACT

After the corona virus pandemic is over, we can expect significant changes in management systems due to a further decrease in industrial commodity trade and, simultaneously, an increase in service trade, digital technology services in particular. The consequences of this crisis will be evident in all segments of economy and will relate to globalisation process, production and international trade. Global COVID-19 pandemic has caused a severe supply and demand crisis of both products and services, on local and international markets. In economies, which base their production on low costs and low inventory and on last minute supply of raw materials and spare parts, supply chains have been disrupted and all this has resulted in major disorders on the market. The problem is effusing from one market to another. Reduced production has led to a sharp decrease in consumption, which is a result of decreased profits. In 2020 world trade has fallen by 9%, foreign investments by 40% and service trade by 60%. For these reasons, it is important to look closely into what has been going on, what is going to be happening, and how it is going to affect business organizations, their stability, safety and business performance in the long run. In order to analyse the environment, facts and factors which affect, both directly and indirectly, our business activities in this globalized society and economy, it is crucial to apply well-structured analytical concepts and to conduct them systematically, especially in these difficult periods of crisis. The application of analytical concepts (analyses) enables business organizations to prepare appropriately for the challenges they are going to face. The use of modern analyses like PEST, BCG matrix, VRIO and SWOT provide essential information about the real level of potentials and resources that an organization has at their disposal. Considering the dynamics of technological and techical changes, and trends of consumers' habit and need changes, analyses are becoming increasingly important in terms of monitoring our internal environment, analysing product and service portfolios and analysing value chains. This paper explores the application and results of the use of modern analyses in the business organizations in Croatia, with a focus on use in times of sharp socio-economic changes, which were caused by the recent crisis.

8.
Agrarian Perspectives XXX. Sources of competitiveness under pandemic and environmental shocks, Proceedings of the 30th International Scientific Conference, Prague, Czech Republic ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1824373

ABSTRACT

The article discusses the state of agriculture in the context of a pandemic, as well as factors that influenced the strengthening of the competitive advantages of the industry. The study compared indicators and factors of agricultural competitiveness in 2020 in comparison with the previous period. The analysis showed that agriculture was less affected by restrictions due to the coronavirus than other sectors of the economy, therefore, the main trends in production and the formation of gross value added remained during the pandemic. The study noted that a 3.5% decrease in real money income of the population in 2020 affected the purchasing power of income and the structure of consumption of certain types of food, which could lead to a redistribution of production resources. The article notes the impact of the devaluation of the national currency, which contributed to the rise in the cost of imported food and the strengthening of the competitive advantage of domestic producers in the domestic market and the export of agricultural products. As a result, despite many negative trends, Russian agriculture has demonstrated high stability and positive dynamics of development, strengthening its position in the world market. Positive factors were inelastic demand for food and significant government support, favorable weather conditions, which contributed to agricultural production and an increase in export volumes. As the analysis has shown, the competitive advantages of the industry manifested themselves not only in comparison with other types of economic activity, but also in strengthening the country's position in the world food market, where the country is becoming one of the leading exporters.

9.
Agrarian Perspectives XXX. Sources of competitiveness under pandemic and environmental shocks, Proceedings of the 30th International Scientific Conference, Prague, Czech Republic ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1824094

ABSTRACT

As a wheat exporter, Russia ranks first in the world. Almost half of domestic wheat production is exported due to its competitiveness characterized by the relatively high level of comparative advantage. According to the study in the context of export parity and significant export volumes, domestic wheat prices follow world market prices and largely depend on major importers' demand. Global wheat prices have been rising consistently over the past months caused by the recovery in Chinese economy, adverse weather conditions, disruptions in food value chains and liquidity injections in the USA and EU economies to mitigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. To restrain the rise in domestic prices, Russian government decided to introduced a floating export duty on wheat. This mechanism in the context of high world grain prices, economic stagnation, shrinking disposable incomes and increased risks of further devaluation of the national currency would lead to deterioration of the financial and economic situation, reduction of investment opportunities and technological lagging of Russian wheat producers behind their competitors in the world market. In this respect, Russian government efforts should be focused on increasing production and improving the competitiveness of wheat instead of restricting exports. A comprehensive set of measures regulating the wheat market also implies subsidizing wheat consumers, support for the development of transport and logistics infrastructure, and targeted assistance to vulnerable groups of the population. Such approaches would support grain consumers while respecting the interests of producers and exporters, thereby helping to achieve the national agri-food export target of USD 45 billion in the coming ten years.

10.
FAPRI-MU Report - Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute, College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, University of Missouri|2021. (03-21):unpaginated. ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1823465

ABSTRACT

The last year was not only marked by the deadly COVID-19 pandemic, but also the most devastating animal disease to date, African swine fever (ASF). The former led to many disruptions in the global meat market, such as lockdowns, meat packing plant closures, supply shortages and both delays and bans in global shipments. The latter led to increased imports of pork by China and new export opportunities for some countries and bans for others as the disease continued to spread across South East Asia and Europe. These projections were prepared as part of FAPRI's 2021 outlook for agricultural markets, and are based on information available in January 2021. Projections for the U.S. crop and livestock sectors are summarized in FAPRI Report #01-21, and a companion report from colleagues at the University of Nevada, Reno summarizes the outlook for international grain and oilseed markets (both can be accessed at https://www.fapri.missouri.edu/publication/2021-us-agricultural-market-outlook/). The baseline assumes a continuation of government policies in place in January 2021, and a recovery in the global economy as forecast by IHS Markit. U.S. pork exports to China reached a record $2.1 billion in 2020 as China increased its imports from the U.S. and other exporters. China also increased its imports of U.S. soybeans and corn in 2020 to supply feed to help China's pork producers expand production again. In spite of the increased purchases, China's imports of U.S. agricultural products fell short of the 2020 commitments laid out in the "Phase One" trade agreement between the two countries. When these projections were initially prepared, the global markets were expected to start recovering from ASF in 2021. However, recent outbreaks in China suggest that it may be a few more years until sow and hog herds return to pre-2018 levels. Likewise, with access to widespread vaccinations worldwide taking longer than initially thought and with the spread of new variants, this may also lead to more volatility in global markets as countries try to return to more normalcy post-pandemic. As such, the level of uncertainty in global livestock product markets is greater than usual. These projections are intended to serve as a benchmark for what the world may look like in the next 10 years given a particular set of assumptions, and can serve as a point of reference for scenario analysis.

11.
Business Inform ; 10:450-459, 2020.
Article in Ukrainian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1789938

ABSTRACT

Currently, the tourism industry continues to outpace the global economy despite deteriorating global economic prospects, tensions in international trade, social worries, geopolitical uncertainty, instability and the COVID-19 pandemic. The article is aimed at identifying modern trends of marketing research as part of the complex of marketing instruments in the tourism sphere. To achieve this aim, the article uses the following research methods: -logical;situational analysis;mean, absolute and relative values;comparison, graphic, sociological;statistical analysis;economic-mathematical;expert surveys and estimations. Based on the data of the World Tourism Organization, the indicators of development of the world market of tourist services are analyzed. Performed were the following: analysis of the dynamics of the number of subjects of tourism activity (tour operators and travel agents) in Ukraine;total average number of full-time employees;income from the provision of tourist services;operating expenses for the provision of tourist services;number of tourists served by tour operators and travel agents in Ukraine. The content of marketing research is disclosed as a multi-stage process, which should include the collection, registration and analysis of data in the sphere of tourism business. Marketing researches should be conducted according to 8 stages: determining the problem;development of the concept of research;cabinet marketing research;field market research;analysis of market conditions (supply and demand);research of foreign markets;simulation modeling;formation of a marketing information system. In order to determine the rating of tour operators of the mass segment of the tourism market in 2020, a questionnaire containing 16 questions is specified. Its results can be used when evaluating tour operators in terms of customer comfort and cooperation with travel agents. It is proved that marketing research in the tourism industry is advisable to be carried out systematically. This will provide for substantiating and elaborating managerial solutions in order to maximize the satisfaction of the needs of consumers of tourist services and solve the problems of significant seasonal fluctuations in demand.

12.
MECAS Studies - International Sugar Organization|2021. ((21)06):ii + 51 pp. ; 2021.
Article in English, French, Spanish, Russian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1786961

ABSTRACT

The global obesity issue is often linked to the use of added sugars, but this relationship is unproven and there is no internationally recognised evidence that points to a direct link between the consumption of sugar and excess weight. However, in the sphere of public opinion, it is perceived as being beyond question. Furthermore, the objective of reducing added/free sugar from our basic diet has taken on a pathway of its own. This view is not supported by scientific research or published guidelines and should be challenged. Governments have largely chosen to target a reduction in the sugar content of soft drinks as a public health objective. This has been done through taxing sales or sugar content. Our analysis finds that there is a statistically significant impact on sugar consumption in some countries, mainly through the voluntary reformulations undertaken by beverage companies. But that this impact is small in terms of the volume of sugar eliminated. The study sees the application of similar taxes on food manufacturing as challenging, as sugar is used as a functional ingredient and food formulations are inherently more complex. From a public heath perspective, the study notes both a lack of historic evidence for a correlation between sugar consumption growth and obesity as well as a divergence between public health objectives and the current use of sugar. The study also considers behavioural aspects for consumers and food and beverage producers, surmising that the tax effect on consumers is partly short term while producers remain broadly focused on sales and marketing objectives, with public health changes seen as an industry-wide issue. More broadly, the study also notes that COVID-19 will skew results for many years to come. The report also considers the supply and demand dynamics of the sugar market in view of slowing demand, partly contributed to by sugar taxes. With low elasticity for both consumption and production, and with limited growth in the former, the implication is volatile world market prices. Sugar industries more than ever before will need to embrace diversification options such as bio energy and other bio products to ensure a sustainable future in a slowing sugar demand growth environment.

13.
European Sport Management Quarterly ; 21(3):350-373, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769044

ABSTRACT

Research question: In this short article, the researchers explore whether highly diversified professional football clubs, from an investor perspective, are better prepared for an unpredictable global crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic than undiversified clubs. Research methods: The researchers apply event study methodology to analyze stock returns of football clubs during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

14.
Comptes Rendus de l'Acad..mie d'Agriculture de France ; 106(1):74-75, 2020.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1743911

ABSTRACT

This article presents the performance of livestock and poultry farmers in France highlighting their competitiveness in the global market in terms of import, export, and domestic production of meat, milk and poultry products. Also highlighted are measures taken by local livestock producers to cope with the constraints due to Covid-19.

15.
Business Inform ; 11:475-482, 2021.
Article in Ukrainian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1727414

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the article is to study the sphere of foreign trade in agrarian products using statistical methods and analysis of results;identifying business weaknesses in this sector, prospects and opportunities for the development of the agro-industrial sector in Ukraine. The article considers the essence of marketing research in the field of exports of agro-industrial products. The classification of agricultural products and its impact on the formation and activity of the market of agrarian complex are determined. The main commodity groups of agro-industrial products, the contribution of agriculture to the export activities of Ukraine and the role in the international market are identified. A structural analysis of exported products of the agrarian complex and a dynamic analysis on the basis of the export volumes in recent years are carried out, taking into account the division into commodity groups, according to which the progress of the export agribusiness sphere is determined. A dynamic analysis of the number of economic entities in this sphere is carried out, the factors that affect the attractiveness of the agrarian sector for doing business are defined. The commodity structure of agricultural goods is analyzed, determining the main goods in demand and the perspective directions of trade. The geographical structure of exports of agro-industrial goods is analyzed, indicating the main countries participating in the intensive trade. The impact of the COVID-factor on the development and change of agricultural export volumes is indicated. A SWOT analysis of the sphere is carried out, the main problems and possible ways of their elimination in order to further improve international trade in the field of agrarian complex are identified. A forecast of agricultural exports at the end of 2021 and for 2022 is carried out using the extrapolation method.

16.
Business Inform ; 3:63-69, 2021.
Article in Ukrainian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1727400

ABSTRACT

The article defines that recently, under the influence of global processes, pandemic and volatility of international agri-food markets, the high dynamics of transformations in the world economy has been generating more and more risks for domestic producers and requires effective decision-making in the legislative and regulatory field at the State level. Thus, formation and implementation of strategic priorities of institutional support for the agrarian economy of Ukraine in the context of European integration processes remains an actual problem. The article is aimed at substantiating the strategic priorities of developing the institutions of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine in the context of changes in the global environment and under the influence of European integration processes. In order to achieve the aim, analysis of modern problems of institutional support of the agrarian sphere of the national economy of Ukraine in the context of European integration processes is carried out. It is noted that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the implementation of the tasks of the structural units of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences as a scientific institution to provide innovative support for the development of the industry. Emphasis is placed on the chronic underfunding of research and development at the State level, which inhibits the effectiveness of innovative providers in the agricultural sector. The main directions of further development of agribusiness in order to ensure the competitiveness of domestic products in agri-food markets and ensure food security of the country are identified. Emphasis is placed on the intensification of significant export potential, in particular organic production, the volume of supplies to world markets is growing. However, it is proved that the effectiveness of the implemented strategies for scientific support of the agricultural sector requires proper funding, responsible attitude and vision of the economic perspective behind it. In order to intensify the innovative model of scientific activity in the agrarian sphere and in the context of integration into the European Open Scientific Space, the first intermediate results of the activities of the State-owned institutions of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences are determined.

17.
Food Industry Economics ; 13(4):42-47, 2021.
Article in Ukrainian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1727025

ABSTRACT

The article examines the state of the modern hotel services market, analyzes the current global trends in the hospitality industry. The international hotel services market is constantly changing under the influence of various factors: globalization, strengthening of the automation of technological processes, the creation of innovative technologies, the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, the issues of the hotel services market and their modernization will always be relevant. This market needs constant monitoring of data to develop solutions to improve the process of providing hospitality services. The share of accommodation stays of tourists in the places of residence of the European region has been indicated, Eurostat indicators were used for the detailed analysis. So most accommodations are in hotels and similar establishments, and the least number are in camping's and trailers. The modern tendencies of the market, its problems have been reflected. The analysis of the dynamics of the number of nights spent by tourists in restaurants in the European region, has been carried out as a result, in the period from 2010 to 2019, there is a positive trend. It has been determined that under the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic, wishes regarding the consumption of hotel services have changed, most customers want to see an increase in cleaning and disinfection of premises, social distance and temporary cessation of some hotel services: spa, casino, restaurant. It has been analyzed that today a large number of travelers prefer the hotel's mobile applications when booking, and the lion's share of bookings are made via mobile devices. It is projected that soon a third of tour orders will also be made via mobile devices. The ways have been chosen to improve the functioning of the hotel services market.

18.
Cahiers Agricultures ; 30(26), 2021.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1721628

ABSTRACT

The economic and health crisis caused by COVID-19 calls into question the reconfiguration trajectories of food systems in the Republic of Congo. It questions the extent to which the regulatory measures taken by the public authorities and the adaptation strategies of the actors lead to changes in the structural governance of the country's food system. The article analyses the strategies for adapting to the crisis, by using secondary data and authors' experience of support to public policies in the agricultural and food sector. In Congo, the food sector remains dependent on the outside world and relies on extensive subsistence farming. To manage the pandemic, a general, 'flexible' containment of the population has been applied. Panic buying, reduced market activities and the temporary rise in food prices revealed the fragility of the sector linked to its dependence on international markets. However, the crisis has confirmed the collective innovative capacity of the informal sector. It has restored the recognition of urban agriculture has source of employment for vulnerable populations. It calls into question the design of future agricultural and food policies with regard to the integration of health, food and social risks, in the context of the Congo Forest Basin, which is exposed to the risk of a resurgence of existing zoonoses and emerging diseases.

19.
Cahiers Agricultures ; 30(27), 2021.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1721627

ABSTRACT

Quinoa has been cultivated for millennia in the Andes since its domestication on the shores of Lake Titicaca, between Peru and Bolivia. As a rustic crop of the Andean highlands, it has conquered the international market for less than thirty years. Today, Peru has become the world's leading producer and the majority of its production is exported. Produced locally by small-scale farmers and consumed globally, quinoa reflects the context of the globalization of agriculture and food. The COVID-19 crisis has also affected Peru and it raises questions about the robustness and resilience of export food chains. This opinion article looks back at debates organized in May-June 2020 in Peru. After recalling the general context of the cultivation of quinoa and the link between COVID-19, agriculture and biodiversity, we highlight the links between health crisis, agricultural crisis and food crisis. This global pandemic offers us the opportunity to question the current agricultural models to draw lessons to build the future. The projection of new solidarities through a collective trademark appears to carry a transnational territorial project at Andean level. Accompanying the actors to make it an inclusive development model requires adapted participatory tools.

20.
5th Congress of beekeeping and bee products with international participation, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, November ; 59, 2020.
Article in Bosnian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1716630

ABSTRACT

These proceedings contain a number of papers discussing current topics, from hives and beekeeping conditions, through the latest knowledge on good practice in pest control in agriculture through the quality of honey, its presence on the world market and control of counterfeiting to the health effects of honey and other bee products. Topics on COVID-19 are included from the aspect of the impact on beekeeping and the potential application of bee products in relieving the symptoms of the disease.

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