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Biomarkers ; 26(5): 417-424, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1146879


BACKGROUND: About 20% of ICU patients with COVID-19 require renal replacement therapy (RRT). Mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) might be used for risk assessment. This study investigates MR-proADM for RRT prediction in ICU patients with COVID-19. METHODS: We analysed data of consecutive patients with COVID-19, requiring ICU admission at a university hospital in Germany between March and September 2020. Clinical characteristics, details on AKI, and RRT were assessed. MR-proADM was measured on admission. RESULTS: 64 patients were included (49 (77%) males). Median age was 62.5y (54-73). 47 (73%) patients were ventilated and 50 (78%) needed vasopressors. 25 (39%) patients had severe ARDS, and 10 patients needed veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. 29 (45%) patients required RRT; median time from admission to RRT start was 2 (1-9) days. MR-proADM on admission was higher in the RRT group (2.491 vs. 1.23 nmol/l; p = 0.002) and showed the highest correlation with renalSOFA. ROC curve analysis showed that MR-proADM predicts RRT with an AUC of 0.69 (95% CI: 0.543-0.828; p = 0.019). In multivariable logistic regression MR-proADM was an independent predictor (OR: 3.813, 95% CI 1.110-13.102, p<0.05) for RRT requirement. CONCLUSION: AKI requiring RRT is frequent in ICU patients with COVID-19. MR-proADM on admission was able to predict RRT requirement, which may be of interest for risk stratification and management.

Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Adrenomedullin/metabolism , COVID-19/prevention & control , Critical Illness/therapy , Protein Precursors/metabolism , Renal Replacement Therapy/methods , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis , Aged , Biomarkers/metabolism , COVID-19/virology , Cohort Studies , Female , Germany , Hospitals, University , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , SARS-CoV-2/physiology
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 59(5): 995-1004, 2021 04 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1038529


OBJECTIVES: Midregional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) is a vasoactive peptide with key roles in reducing vascular hyperpermeability and thereby improving endothelial stability during infection. While MR-proADM is useful for risk stratification in patients with sepsis, clinical data about prediction accuracy in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 disease (COVID-19) is currently missing. METHODS: We included consecutively adult patients hospitalized for confirmed COVID-19 at a tertiary care center in Switzerland between February and April 2020. We investigated the association of MR-proADM levels with in-hospital mortality in logistic regression and discrimination analyses. RESULTS: Of 89 included COVID-19 patients, 19% (n=17) died while in the hospital. Median admission MR-proADM levels (nmol/L) were increased almost 1.5-fold increased in non-survivors compared to survivors (1.3 [interquartile range IQR 1.1-2.3]) vs. 0.8 [IQR 0.7-1.1]) and showed good discrimination (area under the curve 0.78). An increase of 1 nmol/L of admission MR-proADM was independently associated with a more than fivefold increase in in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio of 5.5, 95% confidence interval 1.4-21.4, p=0.015). An admission MR-proADM threshold of 0.93 nmol/L showed the best prognostic accuracy for in-hospital mortality with a sensitivity of 93%, a specificity of 60% and a negative predictive value of 97%. Kinetics of follow-up MR-proADM provided further prognostic information for in-hospital treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Increased levels of MR-proADM on admission and during hospital stay were independently associated with in-hospital mortality and may allow a better risk stratification, and particularly rule-out of fatal outcome, in COVID-19 patients.

Adrenomedullin/blood , COVID-19/diagnosis , Peptide Fragments/blood , Protein Precursors/blood , Adrenomedullin/metabolism , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers/blood , Biomarkers/metabolism , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/mortality , Cohort Studies , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Kinetics , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Peptide Fragments/metabolism , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Protein Precursors/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2
J Med Virol ; 93(5): 2820-2827, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-927703


The widespread endothelial damage due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may lead to a disruption of the adrenomedullin (ADM) system responsible for vascular leakage, increased inflammatory status, and microvascular alteration with multi-organs dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of mid-regional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) as a marker of SARS-CoV2 related widespread endothelial damage, clinically identified by organs damage, disease severity and mortality. Patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection has been prospectively enrolled and demographic characteristic, clinical and laboratory data has been evaluated. In the overall population, 58% developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), 23.3% of patients died, 6.5% acute cardiac injury, 1.4% of patients developed acute ischemic stroke, 21.2% acute kidney injury, 11.8% acute liver damage, and 5.4% septic shock. The best MR-proADM cut-off values for ARDS development and mortality prediction were 3.04 and 2 nmol/L, respectively. Patients presenting with MR-proADM values ≥2 nmol/L showed a significantly higher mortality risk. In conclusion, MR-proADM values ≥2 nmol/L identify those patients with high mortality risk related to a multiorgan dysfunction syndrome. These patients must be carefully evaluated and considered for an intensive therapeutic approach.

Adrenomedullin/metabolism , Biomarkers , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/pathology , Protein Precursors/metabolism , Severity of Illness Index , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Acute Lung Injury/epidemiology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brain Ischemia/epidemiology , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Organ Failure