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1.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 41(12): e513-e516, 2022 Dec 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2190914

ABSTRACT

Although post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 among adult survivors has gained significant attention, data in children hospitalized for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is limited. This study of commercially insured US children shows that those hospitalized with COVID-19 or multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children have a substantial burden of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 sequelae and associated health care visits postdischarge.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Child , Adult , Humans , Aftercare , Follow-Up Studies , Patient Discharge , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/epidemiology , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/therapy , Disease Progression , Delivery of Health Care
2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(20): e025915, 2022 10 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2138319

ABSTRACT

Background Cardiac complications related to COVID-19 in children and adolescents include ventricular dysfunction, myocarditis, coronary artery aneurysm, and bradyarrhythmias, but tachyarrhythmias are less understood. The goal of this study was to evaluate the frequency, characteristics, and outcomes of children and adolescents experiencing tachyarrhythmias while hospitalized for acute severe COVID-19 or multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. Methods and Results This study involved a case series of 63 patients with tachyarrhythmias reported in a public health surveillance registry of patients aged <21 years hospitalized from March 15, 2020, to December 31, 2021, at 63 US hospitals. Patients with tachyarrhythmias were compared with patients with severe COVID-19-related complications without tachyarrhythmias. Tachyarrhythmias were reported in 22 of 1257 patients (1.8%) with acute COVID-19 and 41 of 2343 (1.7%) patients with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. They included supraventricular tachycardia in 28 (44%), accelerated junctional rhythm in 9 (14%), and ventricular tachycardia in 38 (60%); >1 type was reported in 12 (19%). Registry patients with versus without tachyarrhythmia were older (median age, 15.4 [range, 10.4-17.4] versus 10.0 [range, 5.4-14.8] years) and had higher illness severity on hospital admission. Intervention for treatment of tachyarrhythmia was required in 37 (59%) patients and included antiarrhythmic medication (n=31, 49%), electrical cardioversion (n=11, 17%), cardiopulmonary resuscitation (n=8, 13%), and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (n=9, 14%). Patients with tachyarrhythmias had longer hospital length of stay than those who did not, and 9 (14%) versus 77 (2%) died. Conclusions Tachyarrhythmias were a rare complication of acute severe COVID-19 and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children and adolescents and were associated with worse clinical outcomes, highlighting the importance of close monitoring, aggressive treatment, and postdischarge care.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Tachycardia, Supraventricular , Child , Humans , Adolescent , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Aftercare , Patient Discharge , Hospitalization , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/epidemiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/epidemiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy
3.
Pediatr Neonatol ; 63(6): 569-574, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2132060

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the cardiovascular injury and clinical features of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of children with MIS-C (from September 1, 2021 to February 28, 2022) in Children's Hospital 1, Ho Chi Minh City. Demographics, clinical history, significant underlying conditions, clinical manifestations, laboratory investigations, and medical management were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 76 patients were included (median age, 5.9 years old, 2 months-16 years). The male/female ratio was 1.6/1. Most patients (75/76) had no previous medical conditions. The mean time from acute severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection to symptom onset was 39 days. During an acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, these patients are either asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic. In addition to fever, gastrointestinal symptoms were also prominent, as observed in our study, with 75%, 73.7%, and 72.3% of patients presenting with abdominal pain, vomiting, and loose stools, respectively. The levels of inflammatory markers increased upon admission and returned to normal levels after treatment. Echocardiography revealed decreased myocardial contractility and coronary injury in 16 (21.1%) and 32 (42.1%) patients, respectively. Most cases (72/76) had no fever within 3 days of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and methylprednisolone treatment. No deaths occurred in this study. The mean duration of hospitalization was 7.2 days. CONCLUSION: Cardiovascular involvement was observed in approximately 53.9% of the patients. Anti-inflammatory treatment with IVIG and methylprednisolone had a favorable short-term outcome. However, long-term follow-up studies on post-discharge MIS-C cases are needed to make appropriate treatment recommendations in the acute phase.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cardiovascular Diseases , Child , Humans , Female , Male , Child, Preschool , COVID-19/complications , SARS-CoV-2 , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Retrospective Studies , Vietnam/epidemiology , Aftercare , Patient Discharge , Fever , Methylprednisolone
4.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(11): e2241622, 2022 Nov 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2117818

ABSTRACT

Importance: Minimal data are available regarding the postdischarge treatment of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Objectives: To evaluate clinical characteristics associated with duration of postdischarge glucocorticoid use and assess postdischarge clinical course, laboratory test result trajectories, and adverse events in a multicenter cohort with MIS-C. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study included patients with MIS-C hospitalized with severe illness and followed up for 3 months in an ambulatory setting. Patients younger than 21 years who were admitted between May 15, 2020, and May 31, 2021, at 13 US hospitals were included. Inclusion criteria were inpatient treatment comprising intravenous immunoglobulin, diagnosis of cardiovascular dysfunction (vasopressor requirement or left ventricular ejection fraction ≤55%), and availability of complete outpatient data for 3 months. Exposures: Glucocorticoid treatment. Main Outcomes and Measures: Main outcomes were patient characteristics associated with postdischarge glucocorticoid treatment, laboratory test result trajectories, and adverse events. Multivariable regression was used to evaluate factors associated with postdischarge weight gain (≥2 kg in 3 months) and hyperglycemia during illness. Results: Among 186 patients, the median age was 10.4 years (IQR, 6.7-14.2 years); most were male (107 [57.5%]), Black non-Hispanic (60 [32.3%]), and Hispanic or Latino (59 [31.7%]). Most children were critically ill (intensive care unit admission, 163 [87.6%]; vasopressor receipt, 134 [72.0%]) and received inpatient glucocorticoid treatment (178 [95.7%]). Most were discharged with continued glucocorticoid treatment (173 [93.0%]); median discharge dose was 42 mg/d (IQR, 30-60 mg/d) or 1.1 mg/kg/d (IQR, 0.7-1.7 mg/kg/d). Inpatient severity of illness was not associated with duration of postdischarge glucocorticoid treatment. Outpatient treatment duration varied (median, 23 days; IQR, 15-32 days). Time to normalization of C-reactive protein and ferritin levels was similar for glucocorticoid duration of less than 3 weeks vs 3 or more weeks. Readmission occurred in 7 patients (3.8%); none was for cardiovascular dysfunction. Hyperglycemia developed in 14 patients (8.1%). Seventy-five patients (43%) gained 2 kg or more after discharge (median 4.1 kg; IQR, 3.0-6.0 kg). Inpatient high-dose intravenous and oral glucocorticoid therapy was associated with postdischarge weight gain (adjusted odds ratio, 6.91; 95% CI, 1.92-24.91). Conclusions and Relevance: In this multicenter cohort of patients with MIS-C and cardiovascular dysfunction, postdischarge glucocorticoid treatment was often prolonged, but clinical outcomes were similar in patients prescribed shorter courses. Outpatient weight gain was common. Readmission was infrequent, with none for cardiovascular dysfunction. These findings suggest that strategies are needed to optimize postdischarge glucocorticoid courses for patients with MIS-C.


Subject(s)
Hyperglycemia , Pneumonia, Viral , Child , Humans , Male , Female , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pandemics , Patient Discharge , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Aftercare , Ventricular Function, Left , Weight Gain
5.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(11): e42839, 2022 Nov 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2109581

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Following the Riyadh Declaration, digital health technologies were prioritized in many countries to address the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. Digital health apps for telemedicine and video consultations help reduce potential disease spread in routine health care, including follow-up care in orthopedic and trauma surgery. In addition to the satisfaction, efficiency, and safety of telemedicine, its economic and environmental effects are highly relevant to decision makers, particularly for the goal of reaching carbon neutrality of health care systems. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide the first comprehensive health economic and environmental analysis of video consultations in follow-up care after knee and shoulder interventions in an orthopedic and trauma surgery department of a German university hospital. The analysis is conducted from a societal perspective. We analyze both economic and environmental impacts of video consultations, taking into account the goal of carbon neutrality for the German health care system by 2030. METHODS: We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing follow-up care with digital health app video consultations (intervention group) to conventional face-to-face consultations in the clinic (control group). Economic impact included the analysis of travel and time costs and production losses. Examination of the environmental impact comprised the emissions of greenhouse gases, carbon monoxide, volatile hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, and particulates, and the calculation of environmental costs. Sensitivity analysis included calculations with a higher cost per ton of carbon dioxide equivalent, which gives equal weight to the welfare of present and future generations. RESULTS: Data from 52 patients indicated that, from the patients' point of view, telemedicine helped reduce travel costs, time costs, and production losses, resulting in mean cost savings of €76.52 per video consultation. In addition, emissions of 11.248 kg of greenhouse gases, 0.070 kg of carbon monoxide, 0.011 kg of volatile hydrocarbons, 0.028 kg of nitrogen oxides, and 0.0004 kg of particulates could be saved per patient through avoided travel. This resulted in savings of environmental costs between €3.73 and €9.53 per patient. CONCLUSIONS: We presented the first comprehensive analysis of economic and environmental effects of telemedicine in the follow-up care of patients in orthopedic and trauma surgery in Germany. Video consultations were found to reduce the environmental footprint of follow-up care; saved travel costs, travel time, and time costs for patients; and helped to lower production losses. Our findings can support the decision-making on the use of digital health during and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic, providing decision makers with data for both economic and environmental effects. Thanks to the pragmatic design of our study, our findings can be applied to a wide range of clinical contexts and potential digital health applications that substitute outpatient hospital visits with video consultations. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register DRKS00023445; https://tinyurl.com/4pcvhz4n.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Greenhouse Gases , Mobile Applications , Telemedicine , Humans , Aftercare , COVID-19/prevention & control , Carbon Monoxide , Pandemics/prevention & control , Prospective Studies , Referral and Consultation , Telemedicine/methods , Germany , Environment
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 17972, 2022 Oct 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2087307

ABSTRACT

This study investigated whether acute liver injury (ALI) persisted and identified predictors of ALI recovery [as indicated by alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level] at hospital discharge and 2 months post-discharge for 7595 hospitalized COVID-19 patients from the Montefiore Health System (03/11/2020-06/03/2021). Mild liver injury (mLI) was defined as ALT = 1.5-5 ULN, and severe livery injury (sLI) was ALT ≥ 5 ULN. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of ALI onset and recovery. There were 4571 (60.2%), 2306 (30.4%), 718 (9.5%) patients with no liver injury (nLI), mLI and sLI, respectively. Males showed higher incidence of sLI and mLI (p < 0.05). Mortality odds ratio was 4.15 [95% CI 3.41, 5.05, p < 0.001] for sLI and 1.69 [95% CI 1.47, 1.96, p < 0.001] for mLI compared to nLI. The top predictors (ALT, lactate dehydrogenase, ferritin, lymphocytes) accurately predicted sLI onset up to three days prior. Only 33.5% of mLI and 17.1% of sLI patients (survivors) recovered completely at hospital discharge. Most ALI patients (76.7-82.4%) recovered completely ~ 2 months post-discharge. The top predictors accurately predicted recovery post discharge with 83.2 ± 2.2% accuracy. In conclusion, most COVID-19 patients with ALI recovered completely ~ 2 months post discharge. Early identification of patients at-risk of persistent ALI could help to prevent long-term liver complications.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Liver Diseases , Male , Humans , COVID-19/complications , Alanine Transaminase , Aftercare , Liver Function Tests , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies , Liver Diseases/etiology , Liver Diseases/epidemiology , Hospitals , Ferritins , Lactate Dehydrogenases
7.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 42(10): 582-588, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2082850

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic affected pediatric fracture injury patterns and volume. There is a paucity of research evaluating this trend throughout the pandemic and also follow-up to orthopaedic subspecialty care after emergency fracture management. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed patients 2 to 18 years of age presenting for fracture care to an urban pediatric emergency department. We assessed patient demographics, clinical care, and follow-up to surgical subspecialist. Time periods investigated included March 30 to September 4, 2020 (pandemic), March 30 to September 4, 2019, and March 30 to September 4, 2018 (prepandemic). Subanalysis within the pandemic was during the "stay-at-home order" verses the phased re-opening of the state. Descriptive statistical analysis, Pearson's χ 2 or Fisher exact tests, and Mann-Whitney U tests were performed. RESULTS: In this population, fractures overall declined by 40% (n=211) during the pandemic compared with 2019 (n=349) and 28% compared with 2018 (n=292). Lower extremity fractures accounted for a greater percentage of injuries during the pandemic compared with prepandemic. Time to surgical subspecialty follow-up was shortest during the 2020 pandemic peak at 9 days and was significantly longer during phased reopening (phase 1: 18 d, P =0.001; phase 2: 14 d, P =0.005). These patterns were also consistent for days to repeat imaging. CONCLUSIONS: We found differences in fracture prevalence, mechanisms, and follow-up care during the pandemic. Time to subspecialty follow-up care was longer during pandemic phased reopening despite overall fewer fractures. Plans to absorb postponed visits and efficiently engage redeployed staff may be necessary to address difficulties in follow-up orthopaedic management during public health crises. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Fractures, Bone , Aftercare , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fractures, Bone/epidemiology , Fractures, Bone/therapy , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies
9.
Tomography ; 8(5): 2588-2603, 2022 10 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071784

ABSTRACT

Long-term pulmonary sequelae in COVID-19 patients are currently under investigation worldwide. Potential relationships between blood sampling and functional and radiological findings are crucial to guide the follow-up. In this study, we collected and evaluated clinical status, namely symptoms and patients' reported outcome, pulmonary function tests (PFT), laboratory tests, and radiological findings at 3- and 12-months post-discharge in patients admitted between 25 February and 2 May 2020, and who survived severe COVID-19 pneumonia. A history of chronic pulmonary disease or COVID-19-unrelated complications were used as exclusion criteria. Unenhanced CTs were analyzed quantitatively (compromising lung volume %) and qualitatively, with main patterns of: ground-glass opacity (GGO), consolidation, and reticular configuration. Patients were subsequently divided into groups based on their radiological trends and according to the evolution in the percentage of compromised lung volume. At 12 months post-discharge, seventy-one patients showed significantly improved laboratory tests and PFT. Among them, 63 patients also underwent CT examination: all patients with negative CT findings at three months (n = 14) had negative CT also at 12 months; among the 49/63 patients presenting CT alterations at three months, 1/49 (2%) normalized, 40/49 (82%) improved, 7/49 (14%) remained stably abnormal, and 1/49 (2%) worsened. D-dimer values were low in patients with normal CT and higher in cases with improved or stably abnormal CT (median values 213 vs. 329 vs. 1000 ng/mL, respectively). The overall compromised lung volume was reduced compared with three months post-discharge (12.3 vs. 14.4%, p &lt; 0.001). In stably abnormal CT, the main pulmonary pattern changed, showing a reduction in GGO and an increase in reticular configuration. To summarize, PFT are normal in most COVID-19 survivors 12 months post-discharge, but CT structural abnormalities persist (although sensibly improved over time) and are associated with higher D-dimer values.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Lung Diseases , Humans , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , SARS-CoV-2 , Patient Discharge , Aftercare , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Survivors
10.
Int J Med Inform ; 168: 104885, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2069137

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Leading influencing factors for telemedicine implementation remain unclear, affecting the focus of intervention strategies. Despite recent effectiveness evidence of video telemedicine visits, limited evidence exists regarding patients' willingness to use video follow-up. Moreover, patients' acceptance is crucial for implementing such services. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a large-sample survey to analyze patient willingness and perceptions of post-discharge video follow-up and assessed the factors influencing their willingness during the COVID-19 outbreak. METHOD: In February and March 2022, we conducted a face-to-face questionnaire survey involving inpatients in a tertiary care hospital in Longhua District, Shenzhen, China. We assessed demographics, health-related determinants, access to technology and literacy, preferences, willingness, and opinions toward video telemedicine follow-up. We implemented random forest and logistic regression analyses to obtain reliable results. RESULTS: In total, 1,017 inpatients completed the survey. Overall, as an initial choice, 44.9 % preferred telephone consultation for post-discharge follow-up, which was followed by video telemedicine (17.1 %), WeChat voice calls (11.6 %), SMS text messages (10.7 %), WeChat graphic messages (10.5 %), and in-person visits (4.5 %). Moreover, 54.9 % were willing to experience video visits. The results highlight the perceived benefits outweighing the risks (OR 2.64, 95 % CI 1.76, 3.95), patients' trust in the physician (OR 2.41, 95 % CI 1.45, 3.99), access to a private space (OR 2.18, 95 % CI 1.01, 2.96), medium geographical distance (compared to long distance, OR 0.72, 95 % CI 0.54, 0.98), moderate disease (compared to mild disease, OR 0.75, 95 % CI 0.57, 0.99), followed by the comfort with video technology (OR 1.73, 95 % CI 1.76, 3.95), broadband internet accessibility (OR 1.56, 95 % CI 1.07, 2.27), privacy concerns (OR 0.62, 95 % CI 0.43, 0.89), and prior telemedicine video experience (OR 1.77, 95 % CI 1.15, 2.72), as factors influencing the willingness to use video follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: A low percentage of patients chose video visits as their initial decisions; nevertheless, most had a positive attitude toward video follow-up visits. The willingness to choose video telemedicine post-discharge follow-up was influenced by geographical distance, disease severity, basic telemedicine requirements, physician-patient relationship, and perceptions of video communication.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Telemedicine , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Referral and Consultation , Patient Discharge , Aftercare , Follow-Up Studies , Telephone , COVID-19/epidemiology , Telemedicine/methods
11.
Am J Manag Care ; 28(8): 398-402, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2067691

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Many patients report financial stress following hospitalization for COVID-19. Although many COVID-19 survivors require extensive care after discharge, the degree to which this care contributes to financial stress is unclear. Using national data, we assessed out-of-pocket spending during the 180 days after discharge among patients hospitalized for COVID-19. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of Optum's deidentified Clinformatics Data Mart, a national database of medical and pharmacy claims. METHODS: Among privately insured and Medicare Advantage patients hospitalized for COVID-19 between March and June 2020, we calculated median out-of-pocket spending during the 180 days after discharge. For comparison, we repeated this calculation among patients hospitalized for pneumonia. RESULTS: Of 7932 patients with COVID-19 included in analyses, 2061 (26.0%) had private insurance. Among privately insured and Medicare Advantage patients, median (25th-75th percentile) out-of-pocket spending after discharge was $287 ($59-$842) and $271 ($63-$783), respectively. Out-of-pocket spending exceeded $2000 for 10.9% and 9.3% of these patients, respectively. Among privately insured and Medicare Advantage patients hospitalized for pneumonia, median (25th-75th percentile) out-of-pocket spending after discharge was $276 ($62-$836) and $570 ($181-$1466). Out-of-pocket spending exceeded $2000 for 12.1% and 17.2% of these patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: For most patients hospitalized for COVID-19, postdischarge care may not be a major source of financial stress. Although this is reassuring, our findings also suggest that a sizable minority of COVID-19 survivors have substantial out-of-pocket spending after discharge. These survivors could be particularly vulnerable to financial toxicity if they also receive bills for the hospitalization owing to the expiration of insurer cost-sharing waivers. Insurers should consider this possibility when deciding whether to reinstate cost-sharing waivers for COVID-19 hospitalizations.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pneumonia , Aftercare , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Expenditures , Hospitalization , Humans , Insurance, Health , Medicare , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies , United States
12.
Nutrients ; 14(19)2022 Oct 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2066302

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 infection (COVID-19) is associated with malnutrition risk in hospitalised individuals. COVID-19 and malnutrition studies in large European cohorts are limited, and post-discharge dietary characteristics are understudied. This study aimed to assess the rates of and risk factors for ≥10% weight loss in inpatients with COVID-19, and the need for post-discharge dietetic support and the General Practitioner (GP) prescription of oral nutritional supplements, during the first COVID-19 wave in a large teaching hospital in the UK. Hospitalised adult patients admitted between March and June 2020 with a confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis were included in this retrospective cohort study. Demographic, anthropometric, clinical, biochemical, and nutritional parameters associated with ≥10% weight loss and post-discharge characteristics were described. Logistic regression models were used to identify risk factors for ≥10% weight loss and post-discharge requirements for ongoing dietetic input and oral nutritional supplement prescription. From the total 288 patients analysed (40% females, 72 years median age), 19% lost ≥ 10% of their admission weight. The length of hospital stay was a significant risk factor for ≥10% weight loss in multivariable analysis (OR 1.22; 95% CI 1.08-1.38; p = 0.001). In addition, ≥10% weight loss was positively associated with higher admission weight and malnutrition screening scores, dysphagia, ICU admission, and artificial nutrition needs. The need for more than one dietetic input after discharge was associated with older age and ≥10% weight loss during admission. A large proportion of patients admitted to the hospital with COVID-19 experienced significant weight loss during admission. Longer hospital stay is a risk factor for ≥10% weight loss, independent of disease severity, reinforcing the importance of repeated malnutrition screening and timely referral to dietetics.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Malnutrition , Adult , Aftercare , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Testing , Female , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Male , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Malnutrition/etiology , Nutritional Status , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Weight Loss
13.
BMJ Open Respir Res ; 9(1)2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2064177

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Treating tobacco dependency in patients admitted to hospital is a key priority in the National Health Service long-term plan. This service evaluation assessed the perception, needs and experience of care within an opt-out hospital-based tobacco dependency treatment service (the Conversation, Understand, Replace, Experts and Evidence Base (CURE) team) in North-West England. METHODS: A survey was offered to all eligible patients between 1 July 2020 and 30 September 2020. Eligibility criteria were adult patients identified as an active smoker being approached by the CURE team as part of the standard opt-out service model, on a non-covid ward without a high suspicion of COVID-19 infection and able to read and write in English. RESULTS: 106 completed surveys were evaluated. Participants demonstrated high levels of tobacco dependency with an average of 37 years smoking history and 66% describing the onset of cravings within 30 min of hospital admission. The average number quit attempts in the previous 12 months was 1.3 but only 9% had used the most effective National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommended treatments. 100% felt the opt-out service model was appropriate and 96% stated the treatment and support they had received had prompted them to consider a further quit attempt. 82% of participants rated their experience of care as 9/10 or 10/10. Participants wanted a broad range of support post discharge with the most popular option being with their general practitioner. 66% and 65% of participants would have been interested in a vaping kit as stop smoking intervention and support vaping-friendly hospital grounds respectively. CONCLUSION: These results suggest this hospital-based, opt-out tobacco dependency treatment service delivers high-quality experience of care and meets the needs of the patients it serves. It also highlights the opportunity to enhance outcomes by providing access to NICE recommended most-effective interventions (varenicline, vaping and combination nicotine replacement therapy) and providing flexible, individualised discharge pathways.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Smoking Cessation , Adult , Aftercare , COVID-19/therapy , Hospitals , Humans , Patient Discharge , Smoking Cessation/methods , State Medicine , Tobacco , Tobacco Use Cessation Devices , Varenicline
14.
Eur J Pain ; 26(8): 1746-1758, 2022 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2059384

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: For paediatric chronic pain patients, intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment (IIPT) is a well-established treatment. The treatment's short-term effectiveness can be improved by an additive psychosocial aftercare (PAC). However, neither the program's long-term effectiveness nor the patients in particular need have been investigated yet. METHODS: This study aimed at determining the long-term effects of PAC and detecting predictors of treatment outcome within a multicentre randomized controlled trial measured at five time points up to 12 months after discharge. At inpatient admission to IIPT, patients (N = 419, 14.3 years of age, 72.3% female) were randomly assigned to intervention or control group. After IIPT discharge, the intervention group received PAC, whereas the control group received treatment as usual (TAU). Patient-reported outcomes included pain and emotional characteristics. Clinicians assessed potential psychosocial risk factors and their prognosis of treatment outcome. Statistical analyses included mixed-models and univariable logistic regressions. RESULTS: Data at the 12-month follow-up (n = 288) showed a significant benefit of PAC compared with TAU; the majority (59.0%) of patients in the PAC-group reported no chronic pain compared to 29.2% of TAU-patients (p < 0.001). Patients with a single parent specifically benefited from PAC compared to TAU. Clinicians were able to make a reliable prognosis of treatment outcome, but did not successfully predict which patients would benefit the most from PAC. CONCLUSIONS: Study results suggest that PAC is highly effective irrespective of patient characteristics, but particularly for patients with single parents. Its broad implementation could help to improve the long-term outcomes of youth with severely disabling chronic pain. SIGNIFICANCE: A psychosocial aftercare following paediatric IIPT leads to significantly better pain and emotional outcomes compared to treatment as usual up to 12 months after discharge, especially for patients with single parents.


Subject(s)
Aftercare , Chronic Pain , Adolescent , Aged , Child , Chronic Pain/therapy , Emotions , Female , Humans , Male , Patient Reported Outcome Measures , Treatment Outcome
15.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis ; 26(10): 922-928, 2022 10 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2056115

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Despite growing concern regarding the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) delta variant of concern (VOC), the respiratory and physical functions of patients with delta VOC post-discharge have not been investigated compared to those of patients with ancestral SARS-CoV-2.METHODS Sixty-three discharged patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) were included. Patients were divided into delta VOC and ancestral SARS-CoV-2 groups. On Day 14 post-discharge, differences in chest computed tomography, modified Medical Research Council and Borg Dyspnoea Scale scores, and Manual Muscle Test scores were compared. Prognoses of respiratory and physical function were compared between patients who recovered from moderate and severe COVID-19.RESULTS Of the 63 patients, respectively 28 and 35 were in the delta VOC and ancestral SARS-CoV-2 groups. On Day 14 post-discharge, 35 patients (56.5%) had abnormalities on imaging. Visual semi-quantitative scores of both lungs were significantly higher in the severe group. However, there was no difference in this or any other score ratings between the groups.CONCLUSION At 14 days post-discharge, ground glass opacities and pleural thickening were the most common residual findings; no difference in respiratory and physical functions during the convalescence period were noted in patients with SARS-CoV-2 delta VOC and ancestral SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Aftercare , Humans , Patient Discharge
16.
Rev Med Chil ; 150(4): 415-423, 2022 Apr.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2055645

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic increased the incidence of neuropsychiatric diseases. Proactive models of consultation-liaison psychiatry (CLP-p) could play a key role in the prevention and management of these diseases in a general hospital. AIM: To develop a protocol for implementing screening tools for neuropsychiatric symptoms in routine clinical practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Elements of the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model were used to modify the Neuropsychiatric Surveillance protocol implemented at a clinical hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic by members of the hospital's CLP team. RESULTS: A flowchart for active follow-up of neuropsychiatric symptoms during hospitalization is presented, with sequential management and referral flows, accompanied by suggestions for pre-discharge evaluation to define continuity of care actions. The COSMOS tool is also presented, designed for the detection of risk factors and actions for the prevention of neuropsychiatric diseases in general hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: The neuropsychiatric surveillance protocol facilitates early and timely interventions and establishes criteria for the continuity of post-discharge care. These changes could improve the quality of care in general hospitals and reduce the gap between mental and physical health.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hospitals, General , Aftercare , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , Patient Discharge , Referral and Consultation
17.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0268871, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2054305

ABSTRACT

We aimed to evaluate the correlation of plasma levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and reduced thiols with morbidity, mortality and immune response during and after SARS-CoV-2 infection. This was an observational study that included inpatients with SARS-CoV-2 infection older than 65 years. The individuals were followed up to the twelfth month post-discharge. Plasma levels of TBARS and reduced thiols were quantified as a measure of lipid and protein oxidation, respectively. Fatal and non-fatal events were evaluated during admission and at the third, sixth and twelfth month post-discharge. Differences in oxidative stress markers between the groups of interest, time to a negative RT-qPCR and time to significant anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM titers were assessed. We included 61 patients (57% women) with a mean age of 83 years old. After multivariate analysis, we found differences in TBARS and reduced thiol levels between the comparison groups in fatal and non-fatal events during hospital admission. TBARS levels were also correlated with fatal events at the 6th and 12th months post-discharge. One year after hospital discharge, other predictors rather than oxidative stress markers were relevant in the models. The median time to reach significant anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM titers was lower in patients with low levels of reduced thiols. Assessment of some parameters related to oxidative stress may help identify groups of patients with a higher risk of morbidity, mortality and delayed immune response during and after SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aftercare , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Viral , Biomarkers , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Lipids , Male , Oxidative Stress , Patient Discharge , Prognosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Sulfhydryl Compounds , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
18.
J Perinatol ; 42(10): 1338-1345, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2050310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Describe 1-month outcomes among newborns of persons with perinatal COVID-19. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of pregnant persons who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 between 14 days before and 3 days after delivery and their newborns, from 3/2020 to 3/2021 at two urban high-risk academic hospitals. Phone interviews were conducted to determine 1-month newborn outcomes. RESULTS: Among 9748 pregnant persons, 209 (2.1%) tested positive for perinatal SARS-CoV-2. Symptomatically infected persons were more likely to have a preterm delivery due to worsening maternal condition and their newborns were more likely to test positive for SARS-CoV-2 compared with asymptomatic persons. Six of 191 (3.1%) infants tested were positive for SARS-CoV-2; none had attributable illness before discharge. Of 169 eligible families, 132 (78.1%) participated in post-discharge interviews; none reported their newborn tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by 1 month of age. CONCLUSION: Symptomatic perinatal COVID-19 had a substantial effect on maternal health but no apparent short-term effect on newborns.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Premature Birth , Aftercare , Female , Hospitals , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Patient Discharge , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Premature Birth/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Can J Public Health ; 113(6): 930-939, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2040508

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The impact of long COVID among persons hospitalized and discharged home is unknown. We aimed to (1) report the prevalence of long COVID in persons hospitalized for COVID-19 and discharged home; (2) estimate the prevalence of physical, sensory, and psychological/mental health impairments; and (3) explore associated factors. METHODS: We conducted a telephone survey of adult residents in Laval, Quebec, who were discharged home ≥ 2 months post-hospitalization for COVID-19. Participants responded to a standard questionnaire regarding persistent symptoms. We calculated the prevalence of long COVID and of persistent types of symptoms and evaluated associated factors using bivariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: In our sample (n = 398), 70% reported physical symptoms, 58% psychological problems, and 16% sensory impairments. 31.5% reported being troubled by persistent symptoms (long COVID). Factors associated with long COVID were a greater number of symptoms (odds ratio (OR) = 1.97, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.69-2.28) and increased hospital stay (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.01-1.06). Other factors associated with physical and psychological symptoms were female sex (OR = 2.17, 95% CI = 1.27-3.71 and OR = 2.06, 95% CI = 1.25-3.39; respectively), higher education level (OR = 2.10, 95% CI = 1.20-3.68 and OR = 2.43, 95% CI = 1.44-4.14; respectively), and obesity (OR = 1.95, 95% CI = 1.15-3.34 and OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.05-2.77; respectively). CONCLUSION: In this population-based study of persons hospitalized for COVID-19 and discharged home, nearly one third were troubled by symptoms for 2 months or more post-discharge. There was a high proportion with persistent physical and psychological/mental health symptoms. Further research will assess the specific needs of these patients to inform health policy makers on service requirements for these persons.


RéSUMé: OBJECTIFS: L'impact de la présence de la COVID longue chez les personnes hospitalisées et lors de leur congé de l'hôpital est inconnu. Dans le cadre de cette étude, nous visions à 1) rapporter la prévalence de la présence de la COVID longue chez les personnes hospitalisées en raison de la COVID-19 et lors de leur congé à la maison; 2) estimer la prévalence des déficiences physiques, sensorielles et psychologiques/cognitives; et 3) explorer les facteurs associés. MéTHODES: Nous avons mené une enquête téléphonique auprès des résidents adultes de Laval, au Québec, qui ont reçu leur congé de l'hôpital plus de deux mois après avoir été hospitalisés en raison de la COVID-19. Les participants ont répondu à un questionnaire standard concernant leurs symptômes résiduels. Nous avons calculé la prévalence de la COVID longue et le type de symptômes résiduels et nous avons évalué les facteurs associés en utilisant une analyse bivariée et une régression logistique multivariable. RéSULTATS: Dans notre échantillon (n=398), 70 % ont déclaré des symptômes physiques, 58 % des problèmes psychologiques et 16 % des déficiences sensorielles. 31,5 % ont déclaré être perturbés par des symptômes résiduels (COVID longue). Les facteurs associés à la COVID longue étaient un plus grand nombre de symptômes (Rapport de cotes (OR)=1,97, intervalle de confiance à 95% (IC)=1,69-2,28) et une durée d'hospitalisation plus longue (OR=1,03, IC 95%=1,01-1,06). Les autres facteurs associés aux symptômes physiques et psychologiques étaient le sexe féminin (OR=2,17, IC 95%=1,27-3,71 et OR=2,06, IC 95%=1,25-3,39; respectivement), un niveau d'éducation plus élevé (OR=2,10, IC 95%=1,20-3,68 et OR=2,43, IC 95%=1,44-4,14; respectivement) et l'obésité (OR=1,95, IC 95%=1,15-3,34 et OR=1,70, IC 95%=1,05-2,77; respectivement). CONCLUSION: Dans cette étude effectuée sur une population de personnes hospitalisées pour la COVID-19 et lors de leur congé de l'hôpital, près d'un tiers ont été perturbées par la présence de symptômes résiduels présents pendant 2 mois ou plus après leur congé. Une forte proportion d'entre elles présentait des symptômes physiques et psychologiques/enjeux de santé mentale persistants. Des recherches futures permettront d'évaluer les besoins spécifiques de ces individus afin d'informer les décideurs politiques en santé de leurs besoins afin d'offrir des services adaptés à leur condition.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Humans , Female , Male , COVID-19/epidemiology , Patient Discharge , Aftercare , Depression/epidemiology , Hospitals
20.
BMC Res Notes ; 15(1): 304, 2022 Sep 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2038866

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Patient-Reported Experience Measures (PREMs) provide valuable patient feedback on quality of care and have been associated with clinical outcomes. We aimed to test the reliability of a modified adult trauma care PREM instrument delivered to adolescents admitted to hospital for traumatic injuries, and their parents. Modifications included addition of questions reflecting teen-focused constructs on education supports, social network maintenance and family accommodation. RESULTS: Forty adolescent patients and 40 parents participated. Test-retest reliability was assessed using Cohen's kappa, weighted kappa, and percent agreement between responses. Directionality of changed responses was noted. Most of the study ran during the COVID-19 pandemic. We established good reliability of questions related to in-hospital and post-discharge communication, clinical and ancillary care and family accommodation. We identified poorer reliability among constructs reflecting experiences that varied from the norm during the pandemic, which included "maintenance of social networks", "education supports", "scheduling clinical follow-ups" and "post-discharge supports". Parents, but not patients, demonstrated more directionality of change of responses by responding with more negative in-hospital and more positive post-discharge experiences over time between the test and retest periods, suggesting risk of recall bias. Situational factors due to the COVID-19 pandemic and potential risks of recall bias may have limited the reliability of some parts of the survey.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adolescent , Adult , Aftercare , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Patient Discharge , Reproducibility of Results
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