Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 48
Filter
1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 8763, 2022 May 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1873545

ABSTRACT

Cefiderocol (CFDC) is a novel chlorocatechol-substituted siderophore antibiotic approved to treat complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI) and hospital-acquired and ventilator-acquired pneumonia (HAP/VAP). Previous work determined that albumin-rich human fluids increase the minimum inhibitory concentration (MICs) of Acinetobacter baumannii against CFDC and reduce the expression of genes related to iron uptake systems. This latter effect may contribute to the need for higher concentrations of CFDC to inhibit growth. The presence of human urine (HU), which contains low albumin concentrations, did not modify MIC values of two carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii. Levels of resistance to CFDC were not modified by HU in strain AMA40 but were reduced in strain AB5075. Expanding the studies to other carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates showed that the presence of HU resulted in unmodified or reduced MIC of CDFC values. The expression of piuA, pirA, bauA, and bfnH determined by qRT-PCR was enhanced in A. baumannii AMA40 and AB5075 by the presence of HU in the culture medium. All four tested genes code for functions related to recognition and transport of ferric-siderophore complexes. The effect of HU on expression of pbp1, pbp3, blaOXA-51-like, blaADC, and blaNDM-1, genes associated with resistance to ß-lactams, as well as genes coding for efflux pumps and porins was variable, showing dependence with the strain analyzed. We conclude that the lack of significant concentrations of albumin and free iron in HU makes this fluid behave differently from others we tested. Unlike other albumin rich fluids, the presence of HU does not impact the antibacterial activity of CFDC when tested against A. baumannii.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter baumannii , Albumins/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Carbapenems/pharmacology , Cephalosporins , Humans , Iron/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Siderophores , beta-Lactamases/genetics
2.
Biomark Med ; 16(8): 577-588, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1855267

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim was to explore a novel risk score to predict mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Methods: This was a retrospective, multicenter study. Results: A total of 1013 patients with COVID-19 were included. The mean age was 60.5 ± 14.4 years, and 581 (57.4%) patients were male. In-hospital death occurred in 124 (12.2%) patients. Multivariate analysis revealed peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2), albumin, D-dimer and age as independent predictors. The mortality score model was given the acronym SAD-60, representing SpO2, Albumin, D-dimer, age ≥60 years. The SAD-60 score (0.776) had the highest area under the curve compared with CURB-65 (0.753), NEWS2 (0.686) and qSOFA (0.628) scores. Conclusion: The SAD-60 score has a promising predictive capacity for mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aged , Albumins , Biomarkers , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 151: 113124, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1850707

ABSTRACT

The substrate-analog furin inhibitor MI-1851 can suppress the cleavage of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and consequently produces significant antiviral effect on infected human airway epithelial cells. In this study, the interaction of inhibitor MI-1851 was examined with human serum albumin using fluorescence spectroscopy and ultrafiltration techniques. Furthermore, the impacts of MI-1851 on human microsomal hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 and 3A4 activities were assessed based on fluorometric assays. The inhibitory action was also examined on human recombinant CYP3A4 enzyme and on hepatocytes. In addition, microsomal stability (60 min) and cytotoxicity were tested as well. MI-1851 showed no relevant interaction with human serum albumin and was significantly depleted by human microsomes. Furthermore, it did not inhibit CYP1A2, 2C9, 2C19 and 2D6 enzymes. In human hepatocytes, CYP3A4 was significantly suppressed by MI-1851 and weak inhibition was noticed in regard to human microsomes and human recombinant CYP3A4. Finally, MI-1851 did not impair the viability and the oxidative status of primary human hepatocytes (up to 100 µM concentration). Based on these observations, furin inhibitor MI-1851 appears to be potential drug candidates in the treatment of COVID-19, due to the involvement of furin in S protein priming and thus activation of the pandemic SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors , Furin , Albumins/pharmacology , COVID-19/drug therapy , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A/metabolism , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors/metabolism , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors/toxicity , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/drug effects , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/metabolism , Furin/antagonists & inhibitors , Furin/metabolism , Furin/pharmacology , Humans , Microsomes, Liver , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , Serum Albumin, Human/metabolism , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
4.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 140(3): 378-383, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1833815

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Effective triage and early detection are very important for controlling and treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Thus, the relationships between hypoalbuminemia and other acute-phase reactants in such cases need to be evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the importance of albumin levels in cases of severe pneumonia due to COVID-19. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study conducted in Ankara City Hospital (a stage 3 hospital), Turkey. METHODS: Data from 122 patients diagnosed with pneumonia due to COVID-19 who were admitted to this hospital were analyzed statistically in comparison with date from 60 healthy controls. Three groups were established: healthy controls, intubated patients and non-intubated patients. Lung tomography scans from the patients were examined one-by-one. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test results were recorded. RESULTS: Albumin levels were statistically significantly lower in the intubated and non-intubated groups than in the control group, in comparing the three groups (P < 0.01). The other acute-phase reactants, i.e. neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and C-reactive protein levels, were significantly higher in the intubated and non-intubated groups than in the control group (P < 0.05). Albumin levels were also significantly lower in the intubated group than in the non-intubated group (P = 0.02). No differences were detected with regard to other parameters (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Hypoalbuminemia may constitute a biomarker indicating the severity of pneumonia due to COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hypoalbuminemia , Acute-Phase Proteins , Albumins , Biomarkers , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Ther Adv Respir Dis ; 16: 17534666221096040, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1822140

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aimed to better understand the pathophysiology of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in non-critically ill hospitalized patients secondarily presenting with clinical deterioration and increase in oxygen requirement without any identified worsening factors. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled patients without clinical or biological evidence for superinfection, without left ventricular dysfunction and for whom a pulmonary embolism was discarded by computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiography. We investigated lung ventilation and perfusion (LVP) by LVP scintigraphy, and, 24 h later, left and right ventricular function by Tc-99m-labeled albumin-gated blood-pool scintigraphy with late (60 mn) tomographic albumin images on the lungs to evaluate lung albumin retention that could indicate microvascular injuries with secondary edema. RESULTS: We included 20 patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. All had CT evidence of organizing pneumonia and normal left ventricular ejection fraction. No patient demonstrated preserved ventilation with perfusion defect (mismatch), which may discard a distal lung thrombosis. Patterns of ventilation and perfusion were heterogeneous in seven patients (35%) with healthy lung segments presenting a relative paradoxical hypoperfusion and hypoventilation compared with segments with organizing pneumonia presenting a relative enhancement in perfusion and preserved ventilation. Lung albumin retention in area of organizing pneumonia was observed in 12 patients (60%), indicating microvascular injuries, increase in vessel permeability, and secondary edema. CONCLUSION: In hospitalized non-critically ill patients without evidence of superinfection, pulmonary embolism, or cardiac dysfunction, various types of damage may contribute to clinical deterioration including microvascular injuries and secondary edema, inconsistencies in lung segments vascularization suggesting a dysregulation of the balance in perfusion between segments affected by COVID-19 and others. SUMMARY STATEMENT: Microvascular injuries and dysregulation of the balance in perfusion between segments affected by COVID-19 and others are present in non-critically ill patients without other known aggravating factors. KEY RESULTS: In non-critically ill patients without evidence of superinfection, pulmonary embolism, macroscopic distal thrombosis or cardiac dysfunction, various types of damage may contribute to clinical deterioration including 1/ microvascular injuries and secondary edema, 2/ inconsistencies in lung segments vascularization with hypervascularization of consolidated segments contrasting with hypoperfusion of not affected segments, suggesting a dysregulation of the balance in perfusion between segments affected by COVID-19 and others.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Clinical Deterioration , Heart Diseases , Pulmonary Embolism , Superinfection , Albumins , Edema/diagnostic imaging , Edema/etiology , Humans , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Neovascularization, Pathologic , SARS-CoV-2 , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
6.
Nutrients ; 14(8)2022 Apr 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1785847

ABSTRACT

Numerous data indicate the presence of cognitive impairment in people who have undergone COVID-19, often called COVID Fog (CF). This phenomenon persists even 6 months after infection, and its etiology and pathogenesis are not fully known. The aim of this article was to analyze the relationship among cognitive functioning, clinical data and nutrition indexes in patients discharged from the COVID-19 hospital of the Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland. The sample comprised 17 individuals-10 women and 7 men, with ages of 65 ± 14 years. Cognitive impairment was measured with the use of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). The nutrition parameters included: hemoglobin, red blood cells, total cholesterol and its fractions, triglycerides, total protein, albumin, urea, creatinine, phosphates, calcium and sodium. The analysis showed that albumin concentration significantly correlated with the total MoCA score and especially with the short-term memory test score. Conversely, total cholesterol, and especially LDL concentrations, were highly and negatively associated with the MoCA score. In conclusion: markers of nutritional status are correlated with the severity of CF. Individuals with malnutrition or risk of malnutrition should be screened for CF. Further studies need to be performed in this area.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cognitive Dysfunction , Malnutrition , Aged , Albumins , COVID-19/complications , Cholesterol , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/psychology , Female , Hospitals , Humans , Male , Malnutrition/complications , Malnutrition/psychology , Middle Aged , Nutrition Assessment , Patient Discharge
7.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 36(4): e24334, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1782612

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Among patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR), no proof was available to confirm the prognostic significance of the neutrophil percentage-to-albumin ratio (NPAR). We hypothesized that NPAR plays a role in the incidence of DR in diabetic patients. METHODS: We extracted all diabetes mellitus (DM) data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database between 1999 and 2018, NPAR was expressed as neutrophil percentage/albumin. Multivariable logistic regression and generalized additive model were utilized for the purpose of examining the correction between NPAR levels and DR. Subgroup analysis of the associations between NPAR and DR was carried out to investigate if the impact of the NPAR varied among different subgroups. RESULTS: An aggregate of 5850 eligible participants were included in the present research. The relationship between NPAR levels and DR was positive linear. In the multivariate analysis, following the adjustment for confounders (gender, white blood cell, age, monocyte percent, red cell distribution width, eosinophils percent, bicarbonate, body mass index, iron, glucose, basophils percent, total bilirubin, creatinine, and chloride), higher NPAR was an independent risk factor for DR compared to lower NPAR (OR, 95% CI: 1.18, 1.00-1.39; 1.24, 1.04-1.48). For the purpose of sensitivity analysis, we found a trend of consistency (p for trend: 0.0190). The results of the subgroup analysis revealed that NPAR did not exert any statistically significant interactions with any of the other DR risk variables. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated NPAR is associated with an elevated risk of occurrence of DR in diabetic patients.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Retinopathy , Albumins/analysis , Diabetic Retinopathy/epidemiology , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Neutrophils/chemistry , Nutrition Surveys , Risk Factors
8.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0266023, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1775452

ABSTRACT

Most undernourished preschool-aged children have low hemoglobin and albumin levels, which leads to a higher risk of infections, including COVID-19. This study was designed to determine whether potato almond orange cookies increase weight, hemoglobin, and albumin) in undernourished preschool-aged children during the COVID-19 pandemic. A pre-post intervention study was conducted with 30 subjects during 8 weeks in which hemoglobin and albumin levels were recorded at the beginning and end. Education on balanced nutrition was provided to mothers using leaflets, flipcharts, and videos. The results showed increases in weight (0.4 kg), height (1.98 cm), hemoglobin level (0.1 g/dL), and albumin level (0.1 g/dL) accompanied by a significant increase in weight, height, and the Z-score index for weight for age, whereas those for Hb and albumin levels were not. Energy, carbohydrate, fat, vitamin C, vitamin E, and iron intake increased significantly. Further, there was a significant difference in mothers' knowledge of balanced nutrition and COVID-19 at the end of the study. Thus, high levels of cookie consumption increased the weight of underweight preschool-aged children. Future studies may wish to consider examining the issue using stunted, wasted, and anemic preschool-aged children as the research subjects.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Citrus sinensis , Malnutrition , Prunus dulcis , Solanum tuberosum , Albumins , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Dietary Supplements , Female , Hemoglobins , Humans , Nutritional Status , Pandemics , Thinness/epidemiology
9.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(2)2022 Feb 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1685516

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholestasis in pregnancy (ICP) represents, depending on its severity, a serious risk for the fetus. Those cases with unusually high bile acid levels may be resistant to pharmaceutical treatment and can be treated with plasma exchange or albumin dialysis. However, the success rate of these therapeutic options and the factors influencing therapeutic response are unknown. Furthermore, if these options fail to improve ICP and serum bile acid levels are very high (>200 µm/L), there are no clear recommendations when delivery should be planned. Here, we report a patient with severe ICP resistant to both therapeutic plasma exchange and albumin dialysis. Caesarean section was performed at 32 weeks of gestation followed by rapid remission of ICP.


Subject(s)
Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Pregnancy Complications , Albumins , Cesarean Section , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/therapy , Female , Humans , Plasma Exchange , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/therapy , Renal Dialysis
10.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 115(5): 1367-1377, 2022 May 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1662101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with worse coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes, but circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is largely bound to vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) or albumin, both of which tend to fall in illness, making the 25(OH)D status hard to interpret. Because of this, measurements of unbound ("free") and albumin-bound ("bioavailable") 25(OH)D have been proposed. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the relationship between vitamin D status and mortality from COVID-19. METHODS: In this observational study conducted in Liverpool, UK, hospitalized COVID-19 patients with surplus sera available for 25(OH)D analysis were studied. Clinical data, including age, ethnicity, and comorbidities, were extracted from case notes. Serum 25(OH)D, DBP, and albumin concentrations were measured. Free and bioavailable 25(OH)D were calculated. Relationships between total, free, and bioavailable 25(OH)D and 28-day mortality were analyzed by logistic regression. RESULTS: There were 472 patients with COVID-19 included, of whom 112 (23.7%) died within 28 days. Nonsurvivors were older (mean age, 73 years; range, 34-98 years) than survivors (mean age, 65 years; range, 19-95 years; P = 0.003) and were more likely to be male (67%; P = 0.02). The frequency of vitamin D deficiency [25(OH)D < 50 nmol/L] was similar between nonsurvivors (71/112; 63.4%) and survivors (204/360; 56.7%; P = 0.15) but, after adjustments for age, sex, and comorbidities, increased odds for mortality were present in those with severe deficiency [25(OH)D < 25 nmol/L: OR, 2.37; 95% CI, 1.17-4.78] or a high 25(OH)D (≥100 nmol/L; OR, 4.65; 95% CI, 1.51-14.34) compared with a 25(OH)D value of 50-74 nmol/L (reference). Serum DBP levels were not associated with mortality after adjustments for 25(OH)D, age, sex, and comorbidities. Neither free nor bioavailable 25(OH)D values were associated with mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D deficiency, as commonly defined by serum 25(OH)D levels (<50 nmol/L), is not associated with increased mortality from COVID-19, but extremely low (<25 nmol/L) and high (>100 nmol/L) levels may be associated with mortality risks. Neither free nor bioavailable 25(OH)D values are associated with mortality risk. The study protocol was approved by the London-Surrey Research Ethics Committee (20/HRA/2282).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Vitamin D Deficiency , Aged , Albumins/metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D-Binding Protein , Vitamins
11.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 134(9-10): 377-384, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1634897

ABSTRACT

C­reactive protein (CRP) and albumin are inflammation sensitive parameters that are regulated by interleukin­6 inflammatory pathways. The CRP to albumin ratio (CAR) integrates these two into a potent clinical parameter whose clinical and prognostic association in the context of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have not been well defined. We aimed to investigate the clinical and prognostic significance of CAR in the context of COVID-19 infection.We retrospectively analyzed 2309 consecutive COVID-19 patients hospitalized at a tertiary level hospital in the period from March 2020 to March 2021 who had baseline data for a CAR assessment. Findings were validated in an independent cohort of 1155 patients hospitalized from March 2021 to June 2021.The majority of patients (85.8%) had severe or critical COVID-19 on admission. Median CRP, albumin and CAR levels were 91 mg/L, 32 g/L and 2.92, respectively. Higher CAR was associated with a tendency for respiratory deterioration during hospitalization, increased requirement of high-flow oxygen treatment and mechanical ventilation, higher occurrence of bacteriemia, higher occurrence of deep venous thrombosis, lower occurrence of myocardial infarction, higher 30-day mortality and higher postdischarge mortality rates. We defined and validated four CAR prognostic categories (< 1.0, 1.0-2.9, 3.0-5.9 and ≥ 6.0) with distinct 30-day survival. In the series of multivariate Cox regression models we could demonstrate robust prognostic properties of CAR that was associated with inferior 30-day survival independently of COVID-19 severity, age and comorbidities and additionally independently of COVID-19 severity, CURB-65 and VACO index in both development and validation cohorts.The CAR seems to have a good potential to improve prognostication of hospitalized COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aftercare , Albumins , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Humans , Patient Discharge , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 68(1): 82-86, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1573651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio performances in predicting mortality of geriatric patients who visited the emergency department. METHODS: The data of patients with COVID-19 and aged 65 years and above, who visited emergency department during the study period, were retrospectively analyzed. The data were obtained from an electronic-based hospital information system. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve and the area under the curve were used to assess each cutoff value discriminatory for predicting mortality. RESULTS: The mean age of the population included in this study was 76 (71-82) years, while 52.7% were males. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve values for C-reactive protein in terms of mortality were calculated as 71.01, 52.34, and 0.635%, respectively, while the sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve values for C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio were calculated as 75.74, 47.66, and 0.645%, respectively (p<0.001). In the pairwise comparison for the receiver operating characteristic curves of C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio, no statistically significant difference was found. CONCLUSIONS: Geriatric patients are the "most vulnerable" patient group against the COVID-19. In this study, both C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio were found to be successful in predicting mortality for geriatric COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Albumins , C-Reactive Protein , COVID-19 , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Albumins/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , Female , Humans , Male , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 67(10): 1421-1426, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1562247

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Many laboratory parameters allow to follow up the course of the disease and reveal its clinical severity, particularly in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of the blood urea nitrogen-to-albumin ratio in predicting the mortality in COVID-19 patients with moderate-to-severe disease who are hospitalized in the intensive care unit. METHODS: A total of 358 patients who were hospitalized in intensive care unit at our hospital between November 1, 2020 and May 15, 2021 were included in this study. During their course of intensive care, surviving patients were included in Group 1 and nonsurviving patients in Group 2. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender, smoking, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease rates. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, advanced age (OR 1.038, 95%CI 1.014-1.064, p=0.002), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (OR 1.226, 95%CI 1.020-1.475, p=0.030), blood urea nitrogen-to-albumin ratio (OR 2.693, 95%CI 2.019-3.593, p<0.001), and chest computed tomography severity score (OR 1.163, 95%CI 1.105-1.225, p<0.001) values were determined as independent predictors for in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSION: In this study, we showed that the blood urea nitrogen-to-albumin ratio, which was previously shown as a predictor of mortality in patients with various pneumonia, was an independent predictor of mortality in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Albumins , Blood Urea Nitrogen , COVID-19 , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Retrospective Studies
14.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 46: 434-438, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1466236

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The clinical spectrum of the SARS-CoV-2 infection is very broad, ranging from asymptomatic infection to severe pneumonia. However, the majority of fatalities related to COVID-19 have involved old, frail and patients with comorbidities, such as obesity, groups that also have high rates of a poor nutritional status. To assess the impact on clinical outcomes of the coexistence of any degree of obesity and low albumin levels on admission among patients with COVID-19. METHODS: This is a sub-analysis of a former study where 75 patients admitted due to COVID-19 were evaluated cross-sectionally. In this analysis, patients were divided in two groups, according to the presence of obesity and albumin levels on admission lower than 3.5 g/dl. RESULTS: 11 out 75 patients evaluated (14.7%) had obesity and albumin levels lower than 3.5 g/dl. Patients with obesity and hypoalbuminemia were older than patients without these two conditions (65.3 ± 7.7 vs 54.2 ± 17 years; p = 0.01). CRP (141.4 ± 47.9 vs 70.1 ± 60.6 mg/l; p = 0.002), D-dimer (2677.3 ± 2358.3 vs 521.7 ± 480.3 ng/ml; p = 0.001), fibrinogen (765.9 ± 123.9 vs 613.5 ± 158gr/L; p = 0.007) ferritin levels (903.1 ± 493 vs 531.4 ± 418.9 mcg/l; p = 0.01) and procalcitonin (3.5 ± 0.6 vs 1.1 ± 0.7 ng/ml; p = 0.009) were significantly higher in the group with obesity and hypoalbuminemia. Among patients with low albumin and obesity, length of hospital was higher (21.9 ± 18.7 vs 10.5 ± 9.5 days; p = 0.004) and the proportion of subjects admitted to ICU was greater (81.8% vs 11.5%; p < 0.0001). However, mortality rates were comparable between the two groups (3.8% vs 0%; p = 0.5). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of obesity and hypoalbuminemia may worsen the prognosis of patients with a SARS-CoV-2 infection. Therefore, prompt identification and amelioration of nutritional status could be beneficial.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Albumins , Humans , Obesity/complications , Obesity/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(34): e27072, 2021 Aug 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1443147

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: In patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), men are more severely affected than women. Multiple studies suggest that androgens might play a role in this difference in disease severity. Our objective was to assess the association between sex hormone levels and mortality in patients with severe COVID-19.We selected patients from the Amsterdam University Medical Centers COVID-19 Biobank, in which patients admitted to hospital in March and April 2020, with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction proven severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 infection, were prospectively included. Specifically, we included postmenopausal women (>55 years) and age-matched men, with a mortality of 50% in each group. Residual plasma samples were used to measure testosterone, estradiol, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), and albumin. We investigated the association of the levels of these hormones with mortality in men and women.We included 16 women and 24 men in March and April 2020 of whom 7 (44%) and 13 (54%), respectively, died. Median age was 69 years (interquartile range [IQR] 64-75). In men, both total and free testosterone was significantly lower in deceased patients (median testosterone 0.8 nmol/L [IQR 0.4-1.9] in deceased patients vs 3.2 nmol/L [IQR 2.1-7.5] in survivors; P < .001, and median free testosterone 33.2 pmol/L [IQR 15.3-52.2] in deceased patients vs 90.3 pmol/L [IQR 49.1-209.7] in survivors; P = .002). SHBG levels were significantly lower in both men and women who died (18.5 nmol/L [IQR 11.3-24.3] in deceased patients vs 34.0 nmol/L [IQR 25.0-48.0] in survivors; P < .001). No difference in estradiol levels was found between deceased and surviving patients.Low SHBG levels were associated with mortality rate in patients with COVID-19, and low total and free testosterone levels were associated with mortality in men. The role of testosterone and SHBG and potential of hormone replacement therapy needs further exploration in COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/epidemiology , Gonadal Steroid Hormones/analysis , Aged , Albumins/analysis , COVID-19/mortality , Comorbidity , Estradiol/blood , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin/analysis , Testosterone/blood
16.
J Int Med Res ; 49(9): 3000605211046112, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1440871

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the associations of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and C-reactive protein (CRP)-albumin ratio (CAR) with the duration of hospital stay and fatality rate in geriatric patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: Patients older than 65 years with polymerase chain reaction-positive COVID-19 were included. Neutrophil, lymphocyte, CRP, albumin, and demographic data and the duration of hospitalization were recorded. RESULTS: The mean length of stay was 15 days. NLR and CAR were significantly higher in patients who died than in those who survived. The cutoffs predictive of mortality were 4.02 (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.717) for NLR and 23 for CAR (AUC = 0.781). The fatality rate among patients who required inpatient treatment was 33%. CONCLUSION: NLR and CAR, which can be calculated inexpensively and quickly at the first admission to the hospital, are extremely useful for estimating the duration of hospitalization and risk of mortality in geriatric patients with COVID-19. Using these data, treatment can quickly be intensified when needed.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , COVID-19 , Aged , Albumins , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Hospitalization , Humans , Lymphocytes , Neutrophils , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Emerg Med J ; 39(1): 63-69, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1435065

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between serum albumin levels in the ED and the severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study conducted from 15 March 2020 to 5 April 2020 at the EDs of three different hospitals in Italy. Data from 296 patients suffering from COVID-19 consecutively evaluated at EDs at which serum albumin levels were routinely measured on patients' arrival in the ED were analysed. Albumin levels were measured, and whether these levels were associated with the presence of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection or 30-day survival was determined. Generalised estimating equation models were used to assess the relationship between albumin and study outcomes, and restricted cubic spline (RCS) regression was used to plot the adjusted dose-effect relationship for possible clinical confounding factors. RESULTS: The mean albumin level recorded on entry was lower in patients with severe SARS-CoV-2 infection than in those whose infections were not severe (3.5 g/dL (SD 0.3) vs 4 g/dL (SD 0.5)) and in patients who had died at 30 days post-ED arrival compared with those who were alive at this time point (3.3 g/dL (SD 0.3) vs 3.8 g/dL (SD 0.4)). Albumin <3.5 g/dL was an independent risk factor for both severe infection and death at 30 days, with adjusted odd ratios of 2.924 (1.509-5.664) and 2.615 (1.131-6.051), respectively. RCS analysis indicated that there was an adjusted dose-response association between the albumin values recorded on ED and the risk of severe infection and death. CONCLUSION: Albumin levels measured on presentation to the ED may identify patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection in whom inflammatory processes are occurring and serve as a potentially useful marker of disease severity and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Albumins/analysis , COVID-19 , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/pathology , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Italy , Retrospective Studies
18.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 15(8): 1086-1093, 2021 08 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1405473

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: There is paucity of data regarding C reactive protein/Albumin (CRP/Alb) ratio in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. We aimed to evaluate the significance of CRP/Alb ratio in COVID-19 patients. METHODOLOGY: Patients hospitalized between March - April 2020 with COVID-19, who had CRP and Albumin levels documented within 24 hours from admission were retrospectively analyzed. Unpaired Student's t-test was used for continuous and Pearson Chi-square (χ²) test for categorical variables. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were developed to assess the relationship between CRP/Alb and mortality. Nonparametric correlations were calculated using Spearman's Rho correlation coefficient. RESULTS: 75 patients were included. Mean age was 62.92, 26 females (34.67%) and 49 males (65.33%), mean Body Mass Index (BMI) 29.86, mean body temperature 101.3 and mean length of stay (LOS) was 14.80 days. 24 (32%) patients required invasive mechanical ventilation and 51 (68%) did not, mean CRP/Alb ratio was 6.89 and 4.7 respectively (p = 0.036). 15 (20%) patients died, 60 (80%) survived and the mean CRP/Alb difference between these groups was also statistically significant (7.74 vs 4.83, p = 0.02). LOS (OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.57.-0.88, p < 0.001) and BUN (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01.-1.07, p = 0.006) were independent predictors of mortality by multivariate logistic regression, whereas CRP/Alb (OR 1.21, 95% CI 0.96.-1.51, p = 0.06) was not. CONCLUSIONS: CRP/Alb ratio could be useful as a prognostic indicator of disease severity in COVID-19, but we could not corroborate its potential to predict mortality. The work was conducted at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons at Harlem Hospital.


Subject(s)
Albumins/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/diagnosis , Aged , COVID-19/mortality , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
19.
Biomark Med ; 15(13): 1167-1175, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1379920

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate whether C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) has an association with new onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) in SARS-CoV-2. Materials & methods: This study included 782 patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection, who were hospitalized in Turkey. The end point of the study was an occurrence of NOAF. Results: NOAF was identified in 41 patients (5.2%). Subjects who developed NOAF had a higher CAR compared with those who did not develop NOAF (p < 0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis the CAR (odds ratio = 2.879; 95% CI: 1.063-7.793; p = 0.037) was an independent predictor of NOAF. Conclusion: A high level of CAR in blood samples is associated with an increased risk of developing NOAF in SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Albumins/metabolism , Atrial Fibrillation/metabolism , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , COVID-19/complications , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , COVID-19/virology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Turkey
20.
Biomark Med ; 15(13): 1167-1175, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1362210

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate whether C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) has an association with new onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) in SARS-CoV-2. Materials & methods: This study included 782 patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection, who were hospitalized in Turkey. The end point of the study was an occurrence of NOAF. Results: NOAF was identified in 41 patients (5.2%). Subjects who developed NOAF had a higher CAR compared with those who did not develop NOAF (p < 0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis the CAR (odds ratio = 2.879; 95% CI: 1.063-7.793; p = 0.037) was an independent predictor of NOAF. Conclusion: A high level of CAR in blood samples is associated with an increased risk of developing NOAF in SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Albumins/metabolism , Atrial Fibrillation/metabolism , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , COVID-19/complications , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , COVID-19/virology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Turkey
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL