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Dermatol Ther ; 34(2): e14746, 2021 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1010903

ABSTRACT

Tofacitinib is a Janus Kinase 3 inhibitor that is used in the treatment of alopecia areata. We recommended our alopecia areata patients to discontinue their tofacitinib treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic for an average of 80 days. We aimed to evaluate the drug use and the SARS-CoV-2 infection status of alopecia areata patients; and the relationships of recurrence to age, gender, treatment duration, and tofacitinib discontinuation. One-hundred and ninety-one (61.4%) patients were off the drug and 120 (38.6%) were on therapy during the pandemic. The relationship between drug discontinuation due to the COVID-19 pandemic and recurrence was statistically significant (P < .001). Statistically significant relationships of age (P = .013) and treatment duration (P < .001) to recurrence were also found. The change in the SALT score differed between the patients on therapy and off therapy during the pandemic (P < .001). A significant negative correlation was found between the change in the SALT score and treatment duration: the spearman correlation test P = .018. We concluded that the patients may continue to the tofacitinib therapy during the rest of the COVID-19 pandemic if the benefit outweighed the risk.


Subject(s)
Alopecia Areata , COVID-19 , Alopecia Areata/diagnosis , Alopecia Areata/drug therapy , Alopecia Areata/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Piperidines , Pyrimidines , SARS-CoV-2
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