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J Cosmet Dermatol ; 19(12): 3160-3165, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-894776


BACKGROUND: Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) disease has rapidly spread worldwide with a multitude effects on daily life. Since the transmission risk increases with close contact, some cosmetic procedures are considered high risk and majority of them had to be postponed or canceled in private dermatocosmetology clinics especially during the heavy period of the outbreak. AIMS: We aimed to document the medical and socioeconomic problems emerged in dermatocosmetology clinics in Turkey caused by COVID-19 pandemic and to discuss the management strategies taken by dermatologists. PATIENTS/METHODS: This survey research was conducted with 100 dermatologists who work in private dermatocosmetology clinics. The survey included 38 questions about office re-arrangements including patient admission and office environment, safety precautions taken for cosmetic procedures, management of clinic staff, and financial impact of the pandemic. RESULTS: A remarkable decrease in major cosmetic interest was reported in private clinics; meanwhile, there was an increase in applicants for noncosmetic dermatological complaints. The most avoided cosmetic procedures were application of skin care devices, lasers, chemical peeling, and thread lifting, while botulinum toxin injection was the most performed procedure. Nearly half of the participants had severe financial damage. Of the participants, 55% reported that they worked anxiously during this period and 60% believed that they managed the early period of the pandemic successfully. CONCLUSION: Private dermatocosmetology clinics have to work in a totally different period that they have never experienced before. The pandemic has had serious impacts on both medical and socioeconomic issues which had to be managed carefully.

Ambulatory Care Facilities/organization & administration , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cosmetic Techniques/economics , Dermatologic Surgical Procedures/economics , Infection Control/methods , Adult , Aged , Ambulatory Care Facilities/economics , Ambulatory Care Facilities/standards , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/transmission , COVID-19 Testing , Cosmetic Techniques/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Facilities and Services Utilization , Female , Health Care Surveys , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Office Management , Pandemics/economics , SARS-CoV-2 , Socioeconomic Factors , Turkey/epidemiology
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0241017, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-892383


BACKGROUND: Economic recessions carry an impact on population health and access to care; less is known on how health systems adapt to the conditions brought by a downturn. This particularly matters now that the COVID-19 epidemic is putting health systems under stress. Brazil is one of the world's most affected countries, and its health system was already experiencing the aftermath of the 2015 recession. METHODS: Between 2018 and 2019 we conducted 46 semi-structured interviews with health practitioners, managers and policy-makers to explore the impact of the 2015 recession on public and private providers in prosperous (São Paulo) and impoverished (Maranhão) states in Brazil. Thematic analysis was employed to identify drivers and consequences of system adaptation and coping strategies. Nvivo software was used to aid data collection and analysis. We followed the Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research to provide an account of the findings. RESULTS: We found the concept of 'health sector crisis' to be politically charged among healthcare providers in São Paulo and Maranhão. Contrary to expectations, the public sector was reported to have found ways to compensate for diminishing federal funding, having outsourced services and adopted flexible-if insecure-working arrangements. Following a drop in employment and health plans, private health insurance companies have streamlined their offer, at times at the expenses of coverage. Low-cost walk-in clinics were hit hard by the recession, but were also credited for having moved to cater for higher-income customers in Maranhão. CONCLUSIONS: The 'plates' of a health system may shift and adjust in unexpected ways in response to recessions, and some of these changes might outlast the crisis. As low-income countries enter post-COVID economic recessions, it will be important to monitor the adjustments taking place in health systems, to ensure that past gains in access to care and job security are not eroded.

Administrative Personnel/psychology , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Economic Recession , Health Care Sector/economics , Health Facility Administrators/psychology , Health Personnel/psychology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Private Sector/economics , Public Sector/economics , Ambulatory Care Facilities/economics , Attitude of Health Personnel , Brazil , COVID-19 , Community Health Services/economics , Developing Countries , Humans , Insurance, Health, Reimbursement , Interviews as Topic , Physicians/psychology , Qualitative Research , SARS-CoV-2 , Telemedicine , Unemployment