Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Trends Microbiol ; 29(11): 967-969, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1157751


Severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection leads to multifactorial acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), with little therapeutic success. The pathophysiology associated with ARDS or post-ARDS is not yet well understood. We hypothesize that amyloid formation occurring due to protein homeostasis disruption can be one of the complications associated with COVID-19-induced-ARDS.

Amyloid/metabolism , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/virology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/etiology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2 , Amyloidosis/etiology , Amyloidosis/metabolism , Amyloidosis/pathology , Animals , Disease Management , Disease Susceptibility , Humans , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/diagnosis
Rheumatol Int ; 41(1): 205-211, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1130760


Amyloidosis is described by the deposition of misfolded proteins in the tissues. Amyloidoses are classified into two as systemic and localized. Out of the systemic forms, AL (light chain) amyloidosis is the most prevalent type; however, amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis is more frequently encountered in the rheumatology practice. AA amyloidosis stands out as a major complication of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). Splenic and renal involvement is more likely in FMF-associated systemic amyloidosis. The involvement of thyroid and adrenal glands has also been described, although infrequently. Amyloidoses have a heterogeneous plethora of clinical manifestations, with certain phenotypes associated with specific amyloid forms. Gynecological amyloidosis is a rare condition. Uterine involvement may occur in a localized fashion or may also arise as a part of systemic involvement, albeit at a lesser ratio. Several cases of uterine AL amyloidosis have been documented so far as an organ involvement in systemic AL amyloidosis. On the other hand, uterine amyloidosis associated with AA amyloidosis has been described merely in one case with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here, we presented a 40-year-old female patient with FMF known for 38 years who underwent splenectomy and hysterectomy due to massive splenomegaly, deep anemia, and persistent menometrorrhagia. Histological examinations of materials revealed uterine and splenic AA amyloidosis. This case report is first-of-its-kind to describe FMF-associated uterine AA amyloidosis and also provides a discussion of possible mechanisms of amyloidosis-induced uterine bleeding.

Amyloidosis/etiology , Familial Mediterranean Fever/complications , Menorrhagia/etiology , Adult , Amyloidosis/drug therapy , Amyloidosis/pathology , Female , Humans , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use
Amyloid ; 27(4): 217-222, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-889371


The ISA Nomenclature Committee met electronically before and directly after the XVII ISA International Symposium on Amyloidosis, which, unfortunately, had to be virtual in September 2020 due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic instead of a planned meeting in Tarragona in March. In addition to confirmation of basic nomenclature, several additional concepts were discussed, which are used in scientific amyloid literature. Among such concepts are cytotoxic oligomers, protofibrils, primary and secondary nucleation, seeding and cross-seeding, amyloid signature proteins, and amyloid plaques. Recommendations for their use are given. Definitions of amyloid and amyloidosis are confirmed. Possible novel human amyloid fibril proteins, appearing as 'classical' in vivo amyloid, were discussed. It was decided to include fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 1 (amyloid protein: AEFEMP1), which appears as localised amyloid in portal veins. There are several possible amyloid proteins under investigation, and these are included in a new Table.

Amyloid/classification , Amyloidogenic Proteins/classification , Amyloidosis/classification , Terminology as Topic , Amyloid/genetics , Amyloid/metabolism , Amyloidogenic Proteins/genetics , Amyloidogenic Proteins/metabolism , Amyloidosis/diagnosis , Amyloidosis/genetics , Amyloidosis/pathology , COVID-19 , Congresses as Topic , Coronavirus Infections , Education, Distance/organization & administration , Gene Expression , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral