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Tex Heart Inst J ; 50(1)2023 01 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2232114


Between 0.1% and 0.3% of all aortic dissections occur during pregnancy. Arterial hypertension, connective tissue disorders, and congenital cardiovascular anomalies-including bicuspid aortic valves-are well-known risk factors. The causality between pregnancy and aortic dissection is unclear, but there have been some observations that COVID-19 illness may increase the risk. This report describes a pregnant woman at 34 weeks of gestation who had a bicuspid aortic valve and experienced an acute aortic dissection while ill with COVID-19 pneumonia. Computed tomography confirmed a type A aortic dissection and bilateral patchy pulmonary opacities. Cesarean delivery was performed, followed by replacement of the aortic valve with a mechanical aortic prosthesis and reconstruction of the ascending aorta and hemiarch. The intraoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was successfully weaned from mechanical ventilation after 51 hours. COVID-19 during pregnancy seems to increase the risk for aortic dissection, although there is no evidence base for an association. Because guidelines for diagnosis and treatment in such complex cases are lacking, care from a multidisciplinary team is crucial for successful outcomes.

Aortic Dissection , COVID-19 , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Pregnant Women , COVID-19/complications , Aortic Dissection/diagnosis , Aortic Dissection/etiology , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Aorta , Aortic Valve/surgery , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/surgery