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1.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 113(12): 852-853, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1579657

ABSTRACT

We present the case of a 72-year-old male with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. He had been discharged from hospital two weeks before after severe COVID-19 infection, treated with lopinavir-ritonavir (L-R), hydroxychloroquine, tocilizumab, and methylprednisolone. On presentation, he was in hypovolemic shock. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed an ulcer in the third duodenal portion, which was sclerosed and hemodynamic stability was recovered. A scan was performed as it was in an atypical location for ulcers, showing an aortic aneurysm in close relationship to the duodenum, suggesting a primary aortoenteric fistula (PAEF).


Subject(s)
Aortic Diseases , COVID-19 , Duodenal Diseases , Intestinal Fistula , Vascular Fistula , Aged , Aortic Diseases/complications , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Duodenal Diseases/complications , Duodenal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Humans , Intestinal Fistula/complications , Intestinal Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Vascular Fistula/complications , Vascular Fistula/diagnostic imaging
2.
Cardiovasc Res ; 117(9): 2045-2053, 2021 07 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1526155

ABSTRACT

Although coronavirus disease 2019 seems to be the leading topic in research number of outstanding studies have been published in the field of aorta and peripheral vascular diseases likely affecting our clinical practice in the near future. This review article highlights key research on vascular diseases published in 2020. Some studies have shed light in the pathophysiology of aortic aneurysm and dissection suggesting a potential role for kinase inhibitors as new therapeutic options. A first proteogenomic study on fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) revealed a promising novel disease gene and provided proof-of-concept for a protein/lipid-based FMD blood test. The role of NADPH oxidases in vascular physiology, and particularly endothelial cell differentiation, is highlighted with potential for cell therapy development. Imaging of vulnerable plaque has been an intense field of research. Features of plaque vulnerability on magnetic resonance imaging as an under-recognized cause of stroke are discussed. Major clinical trials on lower extremity peripheral artery disease have shown added benefit of dual antithrombotic (aspirin plus rivaroxaban) treatment.


Subject(s)
Aortic Diseases , Biomedical Research/trends , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Animals , Aortic Diseases/diagnosis , Aortic Diseases/epidemiology , Aortic Diseases/genetics , Aortic Diseases/therapy , COVID-19 , Clinical Trials as Topic , Diffusion of Innovation , Humans , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/diagnosis , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/epidemiology , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/genetics , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/therapy , Prognosis
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(20): 6439-6442, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1503076

ABSTRACT

Arterial thromboembolic complications reported in patients with COVID-19 infection suggested that SARS-CoV-2 can trigger atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability. While endothelial cells in healthy subjects protect against thrombus formation, after injury they show prothrombotic activity. In addition, it has been hypothesized that "cytokine storm" might stimulate the production of neo-platelets triggering an abnormal "immunothrombosis" responsible for the hypercoagulable state induced in COVID-19 patients. The aim of this study is to report a case of severe COVID-19 infection characterized by the occurrence of microthrombosis in the vasa vasorum of the aorta. A 67-year-old male patient, in good health status and without comorbidities, who underwent a severe COVID-19 infection with fatal outcome, showed scattered aortic atherosclerotic plaques, characterized by multiple occlusive micro-thromboses in the vasa vasorum, spread out lymphocytic infiltrates and foci of endotheliitis and endothelial detachment. This case report confirms the previously described thrombotic involvement of vasa vasorum in COVID-19. The occurrence of the synchronous damage involving both the lumen surface (endothelial dysfunction, endotheliitis and endothelial detachment) and the adventitia (inflammation and occlusive thrombosis of vasa vasorum) could be the key points related to the fatal outcome of the SARS-CoV-2 patients. In our opinion, vasa vasorum thrombosis may thus initiate an atherogenic process that could be characterized by a much more rapid development.


Subject(s)
Aortic Diseases/complications , COVID-19/pathology , Microvessels/pathology , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/pathology , Vasa Vasorum/pathology , Aged , Aortic Diseases/pathology , Humans , Male
5.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 200, 2021 Jul 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1455985

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The mural thrombus in the ascending aorta is rare, most of which are associated with aneurysm or atherosclerotic lesions, with high risks of causing catastrophic thrombotic events. A mural thrombus in the non-aneurysmal and non-atherosclerotic ascending aorta is exceptionally uncommon. CASE PRESENTATION: We reported a large mural thrombus in normal ascending aorta of an asymptomatic patient. Preoperative imaging confirmed the presence of the sessile thrombus located at the left anterior wall of ascending aorta. Given that it had the potential to cause fatal thrombotic complications, surgical removal and segment of ascending aorta replacement were executed. The patient had an uneventful recovery and discharged 14 days after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Anticoagulant is the therapeutic cornerstone of ascending aortic thrombus, but surgery should be performed aggressively when the thrombus is large or floating to avoid severe embolic complications or recurrence.


Subject(s)
Aortic Diseases , Atherosclerosis , COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Aorta/surgery , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Atherosclerosis/complications , Atherosclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Thrombosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 62(6): 527-534, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1441430

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Since the outbreak of the 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19), vascular specialists have faced dramatic changes in clinical and surgical practice. Although COVID-19 pulmonary signs and symptoms were the most pertinent problems initially, in the long term, cardiovascular complications became the most fearsome, with poor outcomes in terms of morbidity and mortality. Algorithms and decision-making procedures have been modified, not only to treat new clinical findings in COVID-19 positive patients, but also to avoid complications related to pulmonary and systemic infections. Additionally, COVID-19-negative patients experienced challenging management, due to hospital crowding, the risk of nosocomial COVID-19 transmission, and pandemic emergencies. In this context, aortic interventions were subject to several difficulties. First, in COVID-19-positive patients, there was the onset of new pathological scenarios including thrombotic manifestations and the subsequent complications. Second, in both COVID-19-negative and positive patients, there was a need to deliver optimal treatment with acceptable perioperative risks, forcing a rethinking of decision-making especially in terms of indications for treatments. The aim of this systematic review is to present evidence published on COVID-19 and aortic-related issues, highlighting some challenging aspects regarding management, treatment and outcomes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Data search was performed on PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science, using as time range "January 1st, 2000 - May 1st, 2021." Only articles in English language were included. Key words used for the query were "Aorta" AND "COVID-19" OR "SARS-CoV-2." Furthermore, the NCBI database of "SARS-CoV-2 Resources" was interrogated to find further relevant studies. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: The search retrieved 416 papers; among these, 46 studies were eligible and reviewed in depth. The published literature suggests the existence of a hypercoagulable state in patients with COVID-19 disease occurring via direct and indirect mechanisms. COVID-19 infection seems to promote a prothrombotic status that aggravates vascular disease. Regardless of clinical laboratory or status, active COVID-19 infection is considered a risk factor for poor vascular surgery outcomes. Specifically, it is associated with a fourfold increased risk of death and a threefold increased risk of major adverse events. Prognosis of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 disease is often determined by the extent of pulmonary disease, although vascular complications also greatly affect outcomes. Nevertheless, although COVID­19 is highly morbid, in high­risk operations good outcomes can still be achieved even in elderly patients with COVID­19. CONCLUSIONS: In the case of aortic disease during active COVID-19 infection, poor outcomes are associated with COVID-19 vascular and non-vascular complications, while for COVID-19-negative patients not much changed in terms of outcomes, despite the difficulties in management. Endovascular repair, when possible, minimized the impact of treatment, reducing the risk of COVID-related postoperative complications or acquired infection in negative patients.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Blood Coagulation/drug effects , COVID-19/therapy , Endovascular Procedures , Thrombophilia/drug therapy , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Aortic Diseases/blood , Aortic Diseases/mortality , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/mortality , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Endovascular Procedures/mortality , Humans , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Thrombophilia/blood , Thrombophilia/mortality , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Vascular Surgical Procedures/mortality
7.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 113(12): 852-853, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1399679

ABSTRACT

We present the case of a 72-year-old male with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. He had been discharged from hospital two weeks before after severe COVID-19 infection, treated with lopinavir-ritonavir (L-R), hydroxychloroquine, tocilizumab, and methylprednisolone. On presentation, he was in hypovolemic shock. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed an ulcer in the third duodenal portion, which was sclerosed and hemodynamic stability was recovered. A scan was performed as it was in an atypical location for ulcers, showing an aortic aneurysm in close relationship to the duodenum, suggesting a primary aortoenteric fistula (PAEF).


Subject(s)
Aortic Diseases , COVID-19 , Duodenal Diseases , Intestinal Fistula , Vascular Fistula , Aged , Aortic Diseases/complications , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Duodenal Diseases/complications , Duodenal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Humans , Intestinal Fistula/complications , Intestinal Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Vascular Fistula/complications , Vascular Fistula/diagnostic imaging
10.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(9)2021 Aug 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1374460

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: The rapid spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has become the most challenging global health pandemic since the 1918 flu. In Germany, more than 3.4 million cases are confirmed so far, including 83,000 deaths. Increased fatality rates among patients with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent this group at particular risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in health perception among patients with aortic diseases during the first (w1) and second wave (w2) of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. Material and Methods: Patients (n = 262) diagnosed with aortic disease participated in telephone interviews during w1 and w2. The perception of COVID-19 as a threat was examined using relevant items of the Brief Illness Perception (BIP) questionnaire. Results: The BIP score increased from 9.18 (SD = 7.132) to 14.58 (SD = 6.956) between w1 and w2 (p < 0.001). Although this population is at high risk their overall perception of COVID-19 as a threat was low in the beginning, but surged during w2. Main reasons were increased effects on personal life and elevated concerns about the pandemic, but did not include the educational aspect of COVID-19. Conclusions: Tailored risk communication strengthens the mental health of people in a public health crisis and ensures the success of governmental guidelines.


Subject(s)
Aortic Diseases , COVID-19 , Germany/epidemiology , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Pandemics , Perception , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 77: 79-82, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1356137

ABSTRACT

A rare case of aortic thrombosis in a young COVID-19 positive patient is presented in this case report. Arterial thrombosis developed despite the administration of anticoagulants for treating DVT and PE. The patient underwent axillobifemoral bypass surgery. Limited surgical surveillance, administered steroids and critical health status resulted in wound site infection and consequent graft removal. Aortic endarterectomy and autovenous-patch plasty were performed after the patient's condition improved. Etiopathogenesis of arterial events in the setting of COVID-19 is not entirely understood. It has been suggested that SARS-CoV-2 infection strongly affects vascular endothelial glycocalyx (VEGLX), causes systemic inflammation - reactive microvascular endotheliosis (SIRME), and consequently results in arterial thrombosis.


Subject(s)
Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Diseases/etiology , COVID-19/complications , Pulmonary Embolism/complications , Rare Diseases , Thrombosis/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Aortic Diseases/diagnosis , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Computed Tomography Angiography , Endarterectomy/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnosis , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Venous Thrombosis/diagnosis , Venous Thrombosis/drug therapy
12.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 31(Supp. 2): S130-S131, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1317405

ABSTRACT

Thrombotic complications increase in novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Most of these complications are associated with venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism; and arterial thrombosis is rare. Usually, arterial thrombosis affects peripheral arteries. The involvement of large vessels, such as aorta, is rare in the literature. Major artery thrombosis manifests with different additional complications. Contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography angiography (CTA) was performed on a patient, who was followed-up with COVID-19 due to gastrointestinal symptoms. Supra-celiac aortic thrombosis and splenic infarction were detected. This case is reported to share experience regarding our treatment approach in the light of the literature data. Key Words: Arterial thrombosis, Acute aortic thrombosis, COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Aortic Diseases , COVID-19 , Pulmonary Embolism , Thrombosis , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Pulmonary Embolism/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Thrombosis/drug therapy , Thrombosis/etiology
13.
Am J Med Sci ; 362(4): 418-423, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1275105

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been associated with an increased risk of venous and arterial thrombotic disease. Although pulmonary embolism has been the most common thrombotic complication, there have been recent reports of COVID-19-associated large-vessel ischemic stroke, acute upper- and lower-limb ischemia, as well as infarctions of the abdominal viscera, including renal, splenic, and small bowel infarctions. Here, we describe a case of splenic infarction (SI) associated with aortic thrombosis, which evolved despite the prophylactic use of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), in a 60-year-old female patient with COVID-19. The patient was treated clinically with a therapeutic dose of LMWH, followed by warfarin, and eventually presented a favorable outcome. We also present a review of the literature regarding SI in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Aortic Diseases/virology , COVID-19/complications , Splenic Infarction/virology , Thrombosis/virology , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Splenic Infarction/diagnostic imaging
14.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 34(2): 37-42, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1240791

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has profoundly affected all aspects of medicine and surgery. Vascular surgery practice and interventions were also forced to change in order to deal with new COVID-19-related priorities and emergencies. In this setting, difficulties in aortic disease management were two-fold: new vascular complications related to COVID-19 infection and the need to guarantee prompt and correct treatment for the general "non-COVID-19" population. Furthermore, discomfort deriving from precautions to minimize the risk of virus transmission among patients and among health care professionals, the need to separate COVID-19-positive from COVID-19-negative patients, and the high incidence of postoperative complications in COVID-19 cases created a challenging scenario for cardiac operations. The aim of this review was to provide evidence derived from the published literature (case reports, case series, multicenter experience, and expert opinion) on the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on aortic vascular surgery services and interventions, describing COVID-19-related findings, intraoperative and postoperative outcomes, as well as the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on noninfectious aortic patients.


Subject(s)
Aortic Diseases/surgery , COVID-19/epidemiology , Vascular Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Aortic Diseases/diagnosis , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Facilities and Services Utilization , Humans , Procedures and Techniques Utilization
16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 75: 136-139, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1210816

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates. The impact of thrombotic complications has been increasingly recognized as an important component of this disease. CASE REPORTS: We describe four cases of spontaneous acute aortic thrombosis in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection observed from March to December 2020 at Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Gemelli IRCCS in Rome, Italy.


Subject(s)
Aortic Diseases/etiology , COVID-19/complications , Thrombosis/etiology , Acute Disease , Aged , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Diseases/surgery , COVID-19/diagnosis , Embolectomy , Fatal Outcome , Female , Humans , Male , Thrombectomy , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Thrombosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 75: 120-127, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1201420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has forced the cancellation of planned surgery and led to significant surgical service reductions. Early intervention in aortovascular disease is often critical and cannot be deferred despite these reductions. There is urgent need to evaluate the provision and outcomes of thoracic aortovascular intervention during the peak of the pandemic. METHODS: Prospective data was collected for patients receiving open and endovascular thoracic aortovascular intervention over two-time points; January-May 2020 and January-May 2019 at three tertiary cardiovascular centres. Baseline demographics, cardiovascular risk and COVID-19 screening results were noted. Primary outcomes were median length of intensive care unit and hospital stay, intra-operative mortality, 30-day mortality, post-operative stroke, and spinal cord injury. RESULTS: Patients operated in 2020 (41) had significantly higher median EuroSCORE II than 2019 (53) (7.44 vs. 5.86, P = 0.032) and rates of previous cardiac (19.5% vs. 3.8%, P = 0.019), aortic (14.6% vs. 1.9%, P = 0.041), and endovascular (22.0% vs. 3.8%, P = 0.009) intervention. There was an increase in proportion of urgent cases in 2020 (31.7% vs. 18.9%). There were no intra-operative deaths in 2020 and 1 in 2019 (P = 1.00). There were no significant differences (P ≥ 0.05) in 30-day mortality (4.9% vs. 13.2%), median intensive care unit length of stay (72 vs. 70 hr), median hospital length of stay (8 vs. 9 days), post-operative stroke (3 vs. 6), or spinal cord injury (2 vs. 1) between 2020 and 2019 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the increased mortality risk of patients and urgency of cases during COVID-19, complicated by the introduction of cohorting and screening regimens, thoracic aortovascular intervention remained safe with comparable in outcomes to pre-COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Diseases/surgery , COVID-19 , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Diseases/mortality , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , COVID-19 Testing , Databases, Factual , England , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Safety , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Vascular Surgical Procedures/mortality
18.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(2): E372-E374, 2021 04 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1199988

ABSTRACT

The world has suffered over the past year under COVID-19. Unfortunately, people still are getting sick from other, also severe, diseases. Although the COVID-19 infection is present, patients need treatment for other life-threatening conditions. We present the case of a 36-year-old patient with severe infective endocarditis with a large abscess of the aortic root, who also is COVID-19 positive. Definitive diagnostics and treatment were avoided due to COVID-19 infection. In the end, emergent surgery was indicated due to acute cardiac decompensation and the development of heart failure symptoms, and the patient recovered uneventfully after surgery.


Subject(s)
Abscess/microbiology , Abscess/surgery , Aortic Diseases/microbiology , Aortic Diseases/surgery , COVID-19/complications , Endocarditis, Bacterial/microbiology , Endocarditis, Bacterial/surgery , Heart Failure/etiology , Heart Failure/therapy , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Endocarditis, Bacterial/diagnostic imaging , Heart Failure/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Male , Pleural Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Pleural Effusion/microbiology , Pleural Effusion/surgery , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Respiration, Artificial , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 49(3): 233-236, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1181749

ABSTRACT

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, its novel complications are being increasingly recognized, and new mechanisms of the disease are being unraveled. Aortic free-floating thrombus is exceptionally rare, and prompt diagnosis is vital to alleviate its detrimental end organ effects. We present a patient who was previously discharged owing to COVID-19 pneumonia, admitted with acute onset of lower limb pain, and was diagnosed with aortic free-floating thrombus ended up with embolic events. Clinicians should be aware of COVID-19-related thromboembolic complications, and close monitoring of patients with risk factors is vital for a timely and accurate diagnosis and management.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Infarction/etiology , Ischemia/etiology , Kidney/blood supply , Lower Extremity/blood supply , Thromboembolism/etiology , Aortic Diseases/diagnosis , Aortic Diseases/etiology , Humans , Infarction/diagnosis , Ischemia/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Thromboembolism/diagnosis , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
20.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 75: 109-119, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1163380

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular involvement in SARS-CoV-2 infection has emerged as one of viral major clinical features during actual pandemic; limb arterial ischemic events, venous thrombosis, acute myocardial infection and stroke have occurred in patients. Acute aortic conditions have also been described, followed by interesting observations on cases, hypothesis, raised since the emergence of the pandemics. METHODS: a review of cases in literature of aortic pathology in patients with clinically suspected/microbiologically confirmed COVID-19 infection has been carried out to analyze anagraphic data, clinical presentation, treatment options and outcome. RESULTS: Seventeen cases have been included. Mean age of patients was 58.6 ± 15.2 years, with a male to female ratio of 12:15 (70.5% vs. 29.5%). Comorbidities were reported in 11 cases (64.7%), but in 5 cases (29.4%) no previous pathology was signaled in history. Hypertension was the most frequently reported comorbidity, in 8 cases, (47%), followed by renal pathology (17.6%), coronary artery disease (17.6%), previous aortic surgery (11.7%) and arrhythmia (11.7%); but also cerebrovascular disease, diabetes, autoimmune conditions, previous neoplasia and arrhythmia were reported once each. Fever and thoracic pain were the most frequently reported findings at presentation (8 cases, 47% each), followed by respiratory symptoms (6, 35.2%), low lymphocyte count (17.6%), features related to aneurysm rupture, ischemic stroke, abdominal pain and acute renal insufficiency. Reported aortic pathology included: type A aortic dissection (11 cases; 64.7%); new pathology of previous aortic graft (2 cases, 11.7%); 2 aortitis, 1 associated with type A aortic dissection; 1 thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm, 1 ruptured aortic aneurysm and 1 aortic embolizing thrombosis. Open surgery was carried out in 10 cases (58.8%), endovascular treatment in 3 (17.6%). Three patients (17.6%) died before surgery. Exitus was reported in 4 cases, with a total mortality of 23.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Acute aortic events have occurred during pandemic in patients with clinically suspected/microbiologically confirmed COVID-19 infection. Confounding clinical features at presentation, the importance of anamnestic details (as previous vascular graft implant), the observed surgical and postoperatory challenges may suggest the need to consider the implications of the possible link between acute aortic events and SARS-CoV-2 infection, in order to promptly correctly diagnose the patient and respond to specific needs.


Subject(s)
Aorta/pathology , Aortic Diseases/pathology , COVID-19 , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aorta/surgery , Aortic Diseases/mortality , Aortic Diseases/therapy , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/therapy , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Time Factors
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