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1.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(6): 590-598, 2022 03 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1747832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of same-day discharge (SDD) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) during the COVID-19 pandemic. BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has placed significant stress on health care systems worldwide. SDD in highly selected TAVR patients can facilitate the provision of essential cardiovascular care while managing competing COVID-19 resource demands. METHODS: Patient selection for SDD was at the discretion of the local multidisciplinary heart team, across 7 international sites. The primary outcome was a composite of cardiovascular death, stroke, myocardial infarction, all-cause readmission, major vascular complications, and new permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation. RESULTS: From March 2020 to August 2021, 124 of 2,100 patients who underwent elective transfemoral TAVR were selected for SDD. The average age was 78.9 ± 7.8 years, the median Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 2.4 (IQR: 1.4-4.2), and 32.3% (n = 40) had preexisting PPMs. There were no major vascular complications, strokes, or deaths during the index admission. One patient (0.8%) required PPM implantation for complete heart block and was discharged the same day. No patient required a PPM between discharge home and 30-day follow-up. The composite of cardiovascular death, stroke, myocardial infarction, all-cause readmission, major vascular complications, and new PPM at 30 days occurred in 5.7% patients (n = 6 of 106). CONCLUSIONS: SDD post-TAVR is safe and feasible in selected patients at low risk for adverse clinical events postdischarge. This strategy may have a potential role in highly selected patients even when the COVID-19 pandemic abates.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis , COVID-19 , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aftercare , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve Stenosis/etiology , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Humans , Pandemics , Patient Discharge , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
2.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99(6): 1789-1795, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1653183

ABSTRACT

Despite advances in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) technology, periprocedural stroke remains a complication of TAVR procedures. The TriGUARD 3 device is designed to be positioned in the aortic arch to deflect debris away from the brachiocephalic, left common carotid, and left subclavian arteries during TAVR. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assembled the Circulatory System Devices Panel to review safety and effectiveness data for the TriGUARD 3 device. Because of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, this meeting was held virtually. In this manuscript, we summarize the data presented by both the sponsor and FDA, as well as the panel discussion.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis , COVID-19 , Embolic Protection Devices , Intracranial Embolism , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Humans , Intracranial Embolism/etiology , Risk Factors , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
3.
Int J Cardiol ; 352: 190-194, 2022 04 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1636840

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic upset healthcare systems and their logistics worldwide. We sought to assess safety and effectiveness of an optimized logistics for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) pathway developed during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis. An optimized TAVI logistics based on performing TAVI work-up and procedure during the same hospitalization was used during the COVID-19 pandemic. In-hospital and 30-day outcomes of patients treated during the pandemic were compared with an historical cohort of patients undergoing TAVI with staged work-up before the pandemic within an homogeneous timeframe. RESULTS: Of 536 patients, 227 (42.4%) underwent TAVI during the COVID-19 pandemic with a reduction of 26.5% compared to the pre-pandemic period (n = 309). The median age was 81 (77-85) years and STS score was 3.4 (2.2-5.6)%. Lower rates of in-hospital major vascular complications (2.2% vs. 8.7%; p < 0.01) and life-threatening bleeding (0.4% vs. 4.2%; p = 0.01) were reported in the COVID-19 period, whereas no difference in acute kidney injury (7.0% vs. 7.4%, p = 0.85) rate was reported between COVID-19 and pre-COVID-19 periods. No difference in 30-day rates of all-cause death (4.0 vs. 4.5, p = 0.75) and of major adverse cardiovascular events (4.0 vs. 6.1, p = 0.26) were reported between COVID-19 and pre-COVID-19 periods. CONCLUSIONS: The use of optimized single-hospitalization logistics for TAVI workup and procedure developed during the COVID-19 pandemic, showed to be as safe and effective as the two-stage TAVI pathway previously adopted, allowing the minimization of potential exposure to COVID-19 infection and shortening times to treatment for severely symptomatic patients.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis , COVID-19 , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , COVID-19/epidemiology , Delivery of Health Care , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Treatment Outcome
4.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258963, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1496521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) provokes early injury response, represented in part by dynamic changes in the inflammatory markers. The association of self-expanding valves (SEVs) and balloon-expandable valves (BEVs) with the consequent inflammatory response remains uncertain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who underwent transfemoral TAVI: SEVs or BEVs, from January 2010 to December 2019 were enrolled. Whole white blood cells (WBC) and subpopulation dynamics as well the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were evaluated. RESULTS: Three-hundred seventy consecutive patients (mean age 81.75 ± 6.8 years, 199 women's) were enrolled. In the entire population, significant kinetic changes in the WBC response (p <0.0001) between admission and first 24 hours post procedure, with a significant increase in total WBC (7.46 ± 2.26 to 10.08 ± 3.55) and absolute neutrophil count (4.97 ± 2.06 to 8.19 ± 3.43), NL ratio (3.72 ± 2.8 to 9.76 ± 7.29), and a meaningful decrease in absolute lymphocytes count (1.67 ± 1.1 to 1.1 ± 0.76). When compared between the types of valves, SEVs were associated with a more pronounced inflammatory response than BEVs, with total WBC (10.44 ± 3.86 vs. 9.45 ± 3.19) neutrophils (8.56 ± 3.75 vs. 7.55 ± 3.06) with p 0.016 and 0.012 respectively. CONCLUSION: This is the first description of a differential inflammatory response between the two leading delivery systems. SEV appears to trigger a more robust inflammatory response as compared to BEV. Clinical studies are warranted to assess the long term effect of our findings.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Inflammation/etiology , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve Stenosis/blood , Female , Humans , Inflammation/blood , Lymphocytes , Male , Neutrophils , Postoperative Complications/blood , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Treatment Outcome
5.
Clin Cardiol ; 44(10): 1344-1353, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1453560

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The use of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for treating aortic stenosis (AS) has increased exponentially in recent years. Despite the availability of clinical practice guidelines for the management of valvular heart disease, disparities in quality of care (QoC) for TAVI patients remain widespread across Europe. Tailored QoC measures will help to reduce resource utilization and improve patient outcomes without compromising patient safety. Using a clear set of QoC measures, the BENCHMARK registry aims to document the progress that can be achieved if such tailored QoC measures are implemented. METHODS: The BENCHMARK registry (BENCHMARK) is a non-interventional, multicenter registry in patients with severe symptomatic AS undergoing TAVI with a 1- and 12-months follow-up. BENCHMARK will be conducted at 30 centers across Europe and will enroll a total of 2400 consecutive TAVI patients. Patients suffering from severe symptomatic AS who undergo TAVI with a balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve will be included. The registry will comprise four phases: (1) a retrospective baseline evaluation phase; (2) an education phase; (3) an implementation phase; and (4) a prospective effect documentation phase (prospective phase). The registry's primary objectives are to reduce the length of hospital stay and accelerate the post-procedural patient recovery pathway, but without compromising safety. The study started in April 2021 and has an estimated completion date of May 2023. DISCUSSION: BENCHMARK will establish QoC measures to reduce resource utilization, intensive care unit bed occupancy, and overall length of hospitalization with uncompromised patient safety post-TAVI (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04579445).


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Benchmarking , Europe , Humans , Prospective Studies , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
6.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 28(1): 87-97, 2021 03 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1387867

ABSTRACT

Along with epidemiologic transitions of the global population, the burden of aortic stenosis (AS) is rapidly increasing and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has quickly spread; indeed, it is nowadays also employed in treating patients with AS at intermediate operative risk. Nonetheless, the less invasive interventional strategy still carries relevant issues concerning post-procedural optimal antithrombotic strategy, given the current indications provided by guidelines are not completely supported by evidence-based data. Geriatric patients suffer from high bleeding and thromboembolic risks, whose balance is particularly subtle due to the presence of concomitant conditions, such as atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease, that make the post-TAVR antithrombotic management particularly insidious. This scenario is further complicated by the lack of specific evidence regarding the 'real-life' complex conditions typical of the geriatric syndromes, thus, the management of such a heterogeneous population, ranging from healthy ageing to frailty, is far from being defined. The aim of the present review is to summarize the critical points and the most updated evidence regarding the post-TAVR antithrombotic approach in the geriatric population, with a specific focus on the most frequent clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis/drug therapy , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , COVID-19/complications , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Age Factors , Aged , Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications , Humans , Risk Factors
8.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(13)2021 07 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1302318

ABSTRACT

Wearable devices (WDs) can objectively assess patient-reported outcomes (PROMs) in clinical trials. In this study, the feasibility and acceptability of using commercial WDs in elderly patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) will be explored. This is a prospective observational study. Participants were trained to use a WD and a smartphone to collect data on their physical activity, rest heart rate and number of hours of sleep. Validated questionnaires were also used to evaluate these outcomes. A technology acceptance questionnaire was used at the end of the follow up. In our participants an overall good compliance in wearing the device (75.1% vs. 79.8%, SAVR vs. TAVR) was assessed. Half of the patients were willing to continue using the device. Perceived ease of use is one of the domains that scored higher in the technology acceptance questionnaire. In this study we observed that the use of a WD is accepted in our frail population for an extended period. Even though commercial WDs are not tailored for clinical research, they can produce useful information on patient behavior, especially when coordinated with intervention tailored to the single patient.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Wearable Electronic Devices , Aged , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Patient Reported Outcome Measures , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
11.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 28S: 68-71, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1176553

ABSTRACT

In 2020, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a decrease in interventional treatment for structural heart disease worldwide. In this context, the management of patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) or bioprosthetic valve dysfunction (BVD) represents a clinical challenge, as a delay in aortic valve replacement procedures may increase short-term morbidity and mortality. We report four cases of TAVR performed in patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. All of them were discharged in good clinical conditions and no adverse events were reported at 30 days follow-up. Our experience suggests that in selected patients with mild SARS-CoV-2 infection and symptomatic native AS or BVD, TAVR has a favorable short-term outcome.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis , COVID-19 , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aortic Valve/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
12.
Open Heart ; 8(1)2021 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1153699

ABSTRACT

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a proven treatment for life-threatening aortic valve disease, predominantly severe aortic stenosis. However, even among developed nations, access to TAVI is not uniform. The Valve for Life initiative was launched by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions in 2015 with the objective of improving access to transcatheter valve interventions across Europe. The UK has been identified as a country with low penetration of these procedures and has been selected as the fourth nation to be included in the initiative. Specifically, the number of TAVI procedures carried out in the UK is significantly lower than almost all other European nations. Furthermore, there is substantial geographical inequity in access to TAVI within the UK. As a consequence of this underprovision, waiting times for TAVI are long, and mortality among those waiting intervention is significant. This article reviews these issues, reports new data on access to TAVI in the UK and presents the proposals of the UK Valve for Life team to address the current problems in association with the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Aortic Valve/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Aortic Valve Stenosis/epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Risk Factors , United Kingdom
13.
ASAIO J ; 67(4): 392-394, 2021 04 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1153287

ABSTRACT

A subset of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) develop profound respiratory failure and are treated via invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). Of these, a smaller subset has severe gas exchange abnormalities that are refractory to maximal levels of IMV support. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used successfully in these circumstances. However, using ECMO only after failure of IMV exposes patients to the risks of ventilator-induced lung injury. We report a successful outcome using ECMO in the setting of COVID-19 in the absence of IMV failure in an awake, nonintubated patient. This approach may be beneficial for selected patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Lung Injury/etiology , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
14.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(3): E478-E482, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1074302

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in the cancellation of many elective surgical procedures. This has led to reports of an increase in mortality for patients with non-Covid health conditions due to delayed definitive management. Patients with severe aortic stenosis have a high annual mortality if left untreated. These patients are at risk due to the reduced number of surgical aortic valve replacements and competition for intensive care facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. This case series suggests that the minimally invasive transcatheter aortic valve implantation is safe to continue during the COVID-19 pandemic with adjustments to the patient pathway to minimize hospital stay and to reduce patient and staff exposure. This helps to reduce the delay of definitive treatment for patients with severe aortic stenosis.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis , COVID-19 , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aortic Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Humans , Pandemics , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
15.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(5): E733-E736, 2021 11 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1059412

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The current report describes a single operator's experience of the first use of smartglass technology as a facilitator of virtual support during TAVR proctoring. BACKGROUND: Restricted gatherings and containment measures during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic have a major impact on daily clinical practice. Interaction between peers is crucial in science, clinical practice, and education. In addition, there is also a growing importance of proctoring in interventional cardiology for structural heart disease. Virtual support may facilitate the wide implementation of remote proctoring. METHODS: A collaboration between a smartglass provider (Rods & Cones) and self-expandable transcatheter aortic heart valve system (Medtronic) was initiated and tested extensively prior to TAVR procedures. Two cases were randomly selected for remote support. The light-weight smartglass consisted of a full HD central camera, a 720p ×5 optical zoom camera, built-in LED light, speaker and earphone jack, and an external visor to project data in a nonobstructive manner in the operators' view. RESULTS: Preprocedural detailed discussion of the cases between the proctor and the operator occurred via teleconferencing. Successful procedural virtual support was determined by the presence of a session coordinator, high quality of the central camera, high-speed and stable wireless internet connection. Limitations were the relative discomfort of the earpieces, discordance between the central and zoom camera and the absence of visual fixation during head motions. CONCLUSION: In a highly complex and demanding context such as TAVR, remote proctoring by means of virtual support is feasible and efficacious.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis , COVID-19 , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aortic Valve/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Humans , Pandemics , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
16.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97(5): 940-947, 2021 04 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1001835

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the safety, efficacy and feasibility of same-day discharge after uncomplicated, minimalist TAVR. BACKGROUND: At the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, we created a same-day discharge (SDD) pathway after conscious sedation, transfemoral (minimalist) TAVR to help minimize risk of viral transmission and conserve hospital resources. Studies support that next-day discharge (NDD) for carefully selected patients following minimalist TAVR is safe and feasible. There is a paucity of data regarding the safety of SDD after TAVR. METHODS: In-hospital and 30 day outcomes of consecutive patients meeting pre-specified criteria for SDD after minimalist TAVR at our institution between March and July of 2020 were reviewed. Outcomes were compared to a NDD cohort from July 2018 through July 2020 that would have met SDD criteria. Primary endpoints were mortality, delayed pacemaker placement, stroke and cardiovascular readmission at 30 days. RESULTS: Twenty nine patients were discharged via the SDD pathway after TAVR. 128 prior NDD patients were identified who met all criteria for SDD. The STS scores were similar between the two groups (SDD 2.6% ±1.5 vs. NDD 2.3% ± 1.2). There were no deaths at 30 days in either group. There was no significant difference in delayed pacemaker placement (SDD 0% vs. NDD 0.8%, p > .99) or cardiovascular readmission (SDD 0% vs. NDD 5.5%, p = .35) at 30 days. CONCLUSIONS: Same day discharge following uncomplicated, minimalist TAVR in selected patients appears to be safe, achieving similar 30 day outcomes as a cohort of next day discharge patients.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Patient Discharge/trends , Risk Assessment/methods , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Aged , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Length of Stay/trends , Male , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Time Factors
17.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 31: 26-31, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-956955

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The risk of nosocomial COVID-19 infection for vulnerable aortic stenosis patients and intensive care resource utilization has led to cardiac surgery deferral. Untreated severe symptomatic aortic stenosis has a dismal prognosis. TAVR offers an attractive alternative to surgery as it is not reliant on intensive care resources. We set out to explore the safety and operational efficiency of restructuring a TAVR service and redeploying it to a new non-surgical site during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The institutional prospective service database was retrospectively interrogated for the first 50 consecutive elective TAVR cases prior to and after our institution's operational adaptations for the COVID-19 pandemic. Our endpoints were VARC-2 defined procedural complications, 30-day mortality or re-admission and service efficiency metrics. RESULTS: The profile of patients undergoing TAVR during the pandemic was similar to patients undergoing TAVR prior to the pandemic with the exception of a lower mean age (79 vs 82 years, p < 0.01) and median EuroScore II (3.1% vs 4.6%, p = 0.01). The service restructuring and redeployment contributed to the pandemic-mandated operational efficiency with a reduction in the distribution of pre-admission hospital visits (3 vs 3 visits, p < 0.001) and the time taken from TAVR clinic to procedure (26 vs 77 days, p < 0.0001) when compared to the pre-COVID-19 service. No statistically significant difference was noted in peri-procedural complications and 30-day outcomes, while post-operative length of stay was significantly reduced (2 vs 3 days, p < 0.0001) when compared to pre-COVID-19 practice. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR service restructuring and redeployment to align with pandemic-mandated healthcare resource rationalization is safe and feasible.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis , COVID-19 , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve Stenosis/epidemiology , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Humans , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Time Factors , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
18.
J Card Surg ; 36(1): 260-264, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-901100

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has had a dramatic impact on the provision of healthcare. COVID-19 can manifest with cardiac and thrombotic presentations. Additionally, patients with cardiovascular comorbidities are at an increased risk of adverse outcomes related to COVID-19 infection. This in turn has led to a significant reduction in the provision of cardiac surgery with alternative management options utilized to address patients with significant disease. In terms of aortic valve disease, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) provides advantages over surgical aortic valve replacement in with a lower burden on healthcare resources. COVID-19 also resulted in changes in management strategies and as such TAVI is now being considered in younger- and low-risk patients. However, long term data with regard to TAVI is still unknown, and the use in patient groups that have been excluded in the large pivotal studies that established TAVI as an alternative to surgery has raised specific concerns in the use of TAVI as the preferred treatment choice. With the long term ramification unknown, it is essential that decisions are made with caution.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Aortic Valve/surgery , COVID-19/epidemiology , Heart Valve Prosthesis/standards , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/standards , Aortic Valve Stenosis/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Global Health , Humans , Incidence , Pandemics , Risk Factors
20.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 31(6): 904-905, 2020 12 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-894595

ABSTRACT

We present a case report of fatal respiratory failure after cardiac surgery in the early stages of the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak. Although not supported by epidemiological data nor clinical course, coronavirus disease 2019 infection was revealed post-mortem by immunohistochemical detection of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 spike protein in lung tissue.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , COVID-19/epidemiology , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , SARS-CoV-2 , Aged , Aortic Valve Stenosis/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Fatal Outcome , Female , Humans
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