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1.
J Cell Sci ; 134(19)2021 10 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1484823

ABSTRACT

Molecular chaperones play an important role during the response to different stresses. Since plants are sessile organisms, they need to be able to adapt quickly to different conditions. To do so, plants possess a complex chaperone machinery, composed of HSP70, HSP90, J proteins and other factors. In this study we characterized DJC31 (also known as TPR16) and DJC62 (also known as TPR15) of Arabidopsis thaliana, two J proteins that additionally carry clamp-type tetratricopeptide repeat domains. Using cell fractionation and split GFP, we could show that both proteins are attached to the cytosolic side of the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Moreover, an interaction with cytosolic HSP70.1 and HSP90.2 could be shown using bimolecular fluorescence complementation. Knockout of both DJC31 and DJC62 caused severe defects in growth and development, which affected almost all organs. Furthermore, it could be shown that the double mutant is more sensitive to osmotic stress and treatment with abscisic acid, but surprisingly exhibited enhanced tolerance to drought. Taken together, these findings indicate that DJC31 and DJC62 might act as important regulators of chaperone-dependent signaling pathways involved in plant development and stress responses.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis Proteins , Arabidopsis , Abscisic Acid , Arabidopsis/genetics , Arabidopsis/metabolism , Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics , Arabidopsis Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Plants, Genetically Modified/metabolism , Stress, Physiological
2.
Cells ; 10(5)2021 05 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1223961

ABSTRACT

The flavonoid naringenin (Nar), present in citrus fruits and tomatoes, has been identified as a blocker of an emerging class of human intracellular channels, namely the two-pore channel (TPC) family, whose role has been established in several diseases. Indeed, Nar was shown to be effective against neoangiogenesis, a process essential for solid tumor progression, by specifically impairing TPC activity. The goal of the present review is to illustrate the rationale that links TPC channels to the mechanism of coronavirus infection, and how their inhibition by Nar could be an efficient pharmacological strategy to fight the current pandemic plague COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , Calcium Channel Blockers/pharmacology , Calcium Channels/metabolism , Flavanones/pharmacology , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Arabidopsis/metabolism , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/pathology , COVID-19/virology , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Endosomes/drug effects , Endosomes/metabolism , Endosomes/virology , Flavanones/therapeutic use , Humans , Lysosomes/drug effects , Lysosomes/metabolism , Lysosomes/virology , Neoplasms/blood supply , Neoplasms/pathology , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Neovascularization, Pathologic/pathology , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Vacuoles/metabolism , Virus Internalization/drug effects
3.
Nat Biotechnol ; 39(7): 846-854, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1152861

ABSTRACT

Accurate quantification of the proteome remains challenging for large sample series and longitudinal experiments. We report a data-independent acquisition method, Scanning SWATH, that accelerates mass spectrometric (MS) duty cycles, yielding quantitative proteomes in combination with short gradients and high-flow (800 µl min-1) chromatography. Exploiting a continuous movement of the precursor isolation window to assign precursor masses to tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) fragment traces, Scanning SWATH increases precursor identifications by ~70% compared to conventional data-independent acquisition (DIA) methods on 0.5-5-min chromatographic gradients. We demonstrate the application of ultra-fast proteomics in drug mode-of-action screening and plasma proteomics. Scanning SWATH proteomes capture the mode of action of fungistatic azoles and statins. Moreover, we confirm 43 and identify 11 new plasma proteome biomarkers of COVID-19 severity, advancing patient classification and biomarker discovery. Thus, our results demonstrate a substantial acceleration and increased depth in fast proteomic experiments that facilitate proteomic drug screens and clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Proteomics/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Arabidopsis/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/diagnosis , Cell Line , Humans , Peptides/analysis , Proteome/analysis , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/metabolism , Severity of Illness Index
4.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0242833, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-967991

ABSTRACT

L-Ascorbic acid (ascorbate, Vitamin C) is an essential human micronutrient that is predominantly obtained from plants. It is known to work as the major antioxidant in plants, and it underpins several environmentally induced stresses due to its use as a co-factor by certain 2-oxoglutarate-dependent (2-OG) dioxygenases [2(OG)-dioxygenases]. It is important to understand the role of 2(OG)-dioxygenases in the biosynthesis of ascorbate. The present study examined contents of ascorbate and protein-protein interaction in nine T-DNA mutants of Arabidopsis containing an insert in their respective (2-OG) dioxygenase genes (At1g20270, At1g68080, At2g17720, At3g06290, At3g28490, At4g35810, At4g35820, At5g18900, At5g66060). In this study, the amount of ascorbate in five of the mutants was shown to be almost two-fold or more than two-fold higher than in the wild type. This result may be a consequence of the insertion of the T-DNA. The prediction of possible protein interactions between 2(OG)-dioxygenases and relevant ascorbate-function players may indicate the oxidative effects of certain dioxygenase proteins in plants. It is expected that certain dioxygenases are actively involved in the metabolic and biosynthetic pathways of ascorbate. This involvement may be of importance to increase ascorbate amounts in plants for human nutrition, and to protect plant species against stress conditions.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis/metabolism , Ascorbic Acid/metabolism , Dioxygenases/metabolism , Ketoglutaric Acids/metabolism , Arabidopsis/enzymology , Arabidopsis/genetics , Dioxygenases/genetics , Mutation , Protein Interaction Mapping
5.
Development ; 147(13)2020 07 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-737587

ABSTRACT

The veins are the vascular networks of plant leaves, functioning as channels for transport of signals and nutrients. A new paper in Development investigates how the spatial regulation of auxin transport contributes to vein patterning in Arabidopsis We caught up with first author Priyanka Govindaraju and her supervisor Enrico Scarpella, Associate Professor at the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada, to find out more about the work.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis/metabolism , Arabidopsis Proteins/metabolism , Biological Transport/physiology , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Humans , Plant Leaves/metabolism
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