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PLoS One ; 16(4): e0250651, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1206199


In recent times, many alarm bells have begun to sound: the metaphorical presentation of the COVID-19 emergency as a war might be dangerous, because it could affect the way people conceptualize the pandemic and react to it, leading citizens to endorse authoritarianism and limitations to civil liberties. The idea that conceptual metaphors actually influence reasoning has been corroborated by Thibodeau and Boroditsky, who showed that, when crime is metaphorically presented as a beast, readers become more enforcement-oriented than when crime is metaphorically framed as a virus. Recently, Steen, Reijnierse and Burgers replied that this metaphorical framing effect does not seem to occur and suggested that the question should be rephrased about the conditions under which metaphors do or do not influence reasoning. In this paper, we investigate whether presenting the COVID-19 pandemic as a war affects people's reasoning about the pandemic. Data collected suggest that the metaphorical framing effect does not occur by default. Rather, socio-political individual variables such as speakers' political orientation and source of information favor the acceptance of metaphor congruent entailments: right-wing participants and participants relying on independent sources of information are those more conditioned by the COVID-19 war metaphor, thus more inclined to prefer bellicose options.

COVID-19/psychology , Social Behavior , Thinking/physiology , Adult , Armed Conflicts/psychology , Female , Humans , Italy , Language , Male , Metaphor , Pandemics/prevention & control , Problem Solving , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity
Public Health ; 187: 65-66, 2020 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-752973


Owing to the enduring conflict in Kashmir, there has been an increase in psychological problems. On top of that, the COVID-19 pandemic has added an additional burden on the mental health system of Kashmir. There is an unmet and immediate need to escalate the mental health services in Kashmir consisted of community participation, awareness programs, and mental health rehabilitation services.

Armed Conflicts/psychology , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Health Services Needs and Demand , Humans , Mental Disorders/therapy , Mental Health Services/organization & administration , Pakistan/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology